See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State PA
VOL. LXV, No. 91 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1955
RTLY CLOUDY, COLD
- SIX PAGES
BERN, Switzerland (P) - Three
militant Rumanian anti-Commu-
nists abandoned a dramatic occu-
pation of the Rumanian legation
yesterday under thrat of being
Sleepy-eyed and unshaven, they
surrendered quietly to Swiss au-
Helmeted police, troops and tank
officers were on hand to stage an
assault across the snow-covered
grounds as the three, between 27
and 35 years old, gave up and were
hustled to Bern's prison.
The two-story stone structure,
which they seized from their Com-
munist homeland's diplomats
Monday as a blow against commu-
nism, reverted to Charge D'Affaires
Eneric Stoffel and his staff.
Torn up Communist propaganda
literature littered the floors. Oth-
* erwise, police said, the damage
from the 42-hour occupation was
But the three-holdouts of a
band that originally numbered six
-face trial in Switzerland for the
* fatal wounding of the legation
chauffeur, Aurel Sedu, in the at-
tack which strained relations be-
tween this long neutral nation and
the Bucharest government.
Another member of the group
was already under arrest. He was
picked up as he sought to get
away with arms and documents.
Police say two others escaped com-
The band had vowed to hold the
legation until Rumania freed five
imprisoned resistance leaders, in-
cluding a general and a bishop, or
die in the attempt.
But they weakened under inter-
cessions by Swiss authorities and a
visit to the legation by a Roman
Catholic priest. Two of the party
said Wtey needed the pries' to ab-
solvp them from their sworn words.
The Swiss authorities gave them
an ultimatum to give up yesterday
nforning and then extended it to
4 p.m. yesterday, as their determi-
nation to hold on appeared weak-
Swarms of police and troops
screened the anti-Reds as they
walked from the building. They de-
clined to give their names. Po-
lice said the leader told them the
Russians had killed his father in
Though the anti-Communists
face trial here for killing the
chauffeur, it is understood Swiss
authorities, in negotiating the
band's surrender without further
bloodshed, indicated they will not
be extradited to Rumania despite
Rumania's demands that they be
Bill Given OK
Statehood for both Alaska and
Hawaii was recommended yester-
day in a compromise bid for pres-
idential support by the House In-
sular Affairs Committee.
The compromise consisted of an
amendment provision authorizing
the President to set aside up to
40 per cent of northern Alaska as
a defense zone.
Jurisdiction in this zone, a key
military area in the event of a
United States-Russian war, would
be exclusively federal.
The Committee's approval moves
the issue toward an uncertain fate.
Action by the full House on the
two territories' admittance as
states now hinges on clearance of
the bill by the Rules Committee.
Approval of the House is then
subject to possible presidential
veto of the proposal.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
has previously requested immed-
iate statehood for Hawaii while
saying that Alaska's "complex
problems" make delayed action
necessary on its admittance.
Rep. Arthur Miller (R-Neb.)
former chairman of the Insular
Affairs Conimittee, said that the
Part of Treasury
No Move Planned Until Next WeekE
Regarding Remaining Allotments
By DAVE BAAD
Student Legislature passed motions last night disposing of more
than $1,000 of the $5,801.26 presently in SL's treasury.
The Legislature discussed proposals for spending the remaining
money but no motions will be made until next week's meeting.
On motions by SL treasurer Bill Adams, '57, SL voted last night
to spend $15 for membership in the Big Ten Student Association;
Not in excess of $300 to pay for'all election costs directly assign-
able to the March 15 and 16 Student Government Council elections;
To pay not in excess of $300 for printing the Legislature's final
report to be published when SL goes out of existerice in mid-March,
SL Banquet, Freedom Week
Other appropriations last night to pay for guests' dinners at the
annual SL banquet and $470.50 appropriated for Academic Freedom
T 1 _ - ._.4 ..L ... .«... . - 4
Jean Bromfield, '55, Panhellen-
ic Organization's President, re-
signed her post yesterday for per-
"With the addition of Student
Government Council and other
outside duties of the Panhellenic
President I have found it difficult
to keep up with my academic
work and other responsibilities,"
Miss Bromfield said,
Panhel's first Vice-president,
Barbara Heider, '55, will be act-
ing president until election of new
officers takes place before Spring
Miss Heider will attend the SGC
steering committee meeting to-
day with Miss Bromfield and take
over immediately in the president's
other duties. The organization
will run "the same as ever, be-
cause Jean had it well organized,"
IHC To Hold
Debate on Rent
During the Inter-House Council
meeting at 7:30 p.m. today in
South Quadrangle, the proposed
room and board increase and the
problem of women in predomin-
antly male residence halls will be
Representatives to the IHC from
residence halls will bring their
findings to the meeting on opin-
ions of students living in the quad-
rangles concerning a proposed $50
per year room and board rate
hike. IHC will probably bring forth
a specific recommendation fol-
lowing this discussion.
Also slated for discussion is the
question of what to recommend
to the Residence Hall Board of
Governors on the disposition of
Chicago House next year.
Originally the house was slated
to be turned back to male stu-
dents next year, with the present
women residents being moved into
the Couzens Hall addition.
Since the addition probably
won't be ready for occupancy at
the beginning of next semester,
IHC President Stan Levy, '55, said
yesterday, women may remain in
Recommendations on the dispo-
sition of this issue will come from
Spurn Union Pact
NEW YORK ()-The big CIO
Transport Workers Union yester-
day spurned present proposals for
a CIO-AFL merger.
The national convention of the
170,000-member union voted 392-
18 against a resolution which
would have given its flat endorse-
ment to the plan.
TWU President Michael Quill
said present proposals for a mer-
ger of the CIO and AFL contain
no assurances against labor racial
discrimination, "raiding and rac-
It was the first action by a ma-
jor union on the merger proposals
agreed to at a recent meeting of
CIO and AFL officials in Miami.
Alumnus Sets Up
'U' Essay Contest
Week festivities brought last
night's disposal to over $1,000.
Suggestions for spending re-
maining funds will be further con-
sidered at SL's finance committee
meeting at 3 p.m. Sunday and
SL's open cabinet meeting at 4:15
Motions resulting from these
meetings will be presented to the
Legislature next week.
On a motion by Paul Dormont,
'55, the Legislature last night
opened one hour of next week's
meting to constituents desiring to
offer suggestions to SL on how to
dispose of the close to $5,000.
SL President Ned Simon, '55, at
the same time invited students to
attend finance discussions at the
open cabinet and finance commit-
Most of last night's discussion
centered around three suggestions
-to hold the money in a trust
fund for student government if
SGC should not live past its two
To put the money in a trust fund
to help needy campus organiza-
tions; and to give money for help-
ing maintain and possibly extend
the Free University of Berlin pro-
The Legislature gave almost no'
consideration to passing the mon-
ey to SGC.
There was meager support for
paying National Student Associa-
tion dues $200 for one year.
Other suggestions previously dis-
cussed in finance committee meet-
ings but dropped from considera-
tion by that body include extension
of Student Book Exchange, ex-
pansion of present SL programs
SGC might tent: to overlook, grant
of money to the Cinema Guild De-
velopment Fund and a grant to set
up a subsidiary lecture series.
Dormont suggested, in printed
form, a plan to set up a 'Student
Legislature trust fund to be used
"for loans to non-profit groups and
associations whose' membership is
open to students -nd whose pur-
pose is to provide goods and serv-
ices to students."
Specifically, Dormont suggested
a non-profit barbershop, sandwich
shop or bicycle shop.
Most opposition to Dormont's
proposal crystallized on the insig-
nificance of $5,000 in trying to set
up most types of businesses of the
type he suggested.
At the close of rushing signups
yesterday 480 men had signed for
rushing, according to Interfrater-
nity Council. rushing chairman
Bob Knutson, '56. During the same
period last year 402 men rushed.
RICA MARTENS I
Sets Aug. 20 Start
At San Francisco
WASHINGTON (P)-San Fran-
cisco was chosen'yesterday as the
host city for the 1956 Republican
presidential nominating conven-
The unanimous choice, by a
seven-member subcommittee of
the Republican National Commit-
tee, is subject to ratification by
the full committee. Leaders said
this was a formality. The full com-
mittee meets here today.
Chicago, already picked by the
Democrats for their 1956 conven-
tion, had been in the leading spot
for the Republicans also, but the
Golden Gate City came up fast and
won yesterday. Philadelphia was
Ithe other main contender.
The Republican subcommittee
recommended that the San Fran-
cisco convention open Aug. 20,
which would be the latest conven-
tion date in modern political his-
tory. The Democrats have tenta-
tively selected July 23, with hopes
of changing it to Aug. 13.
San Francisco has had one oth-
er national nominating convention,
the 1920 gathering of Democrats
who selected Gov. James M. Cox
of Ohio to run for President and
Franklin D. Roosevelt for vice
GOP National Chairman Leon-
ard W. Hall sai the site sub-
committe deemed it a good idea
to meet on the west coast.
'Thomas Gray, manager of San
Francisco's Downtown Assn. of
Business Men, offered the Republi-
cans the rent-free use of San
Francisco's Cow Palace, a huge
structure built for cattle shows and
San Francisco, Chicago and
Philadelphia each offered a $250,-
000 guarantee. Philadelphia oer-
ed also to pay the whole cost of in-
stalling equipment in the conven-
tion hall, an expense usually shar-
ed by both parties when they meet
in the same city.
Chairman Hall dismissed as
"pure bunk" any thought that the
Republicans passed over Chicago
for fear, as a reporter put it, there
might be "danger of McCarthy-
ites packing the galleries."
The Young Democrat Club elect-
ed Joyce Greenbaum, '56, presi-
dent for the coming year with
George Zuckerman, '56, as vice-
president, William Peer, '57, as
treasurer and Ann Lawther, '56 as
Upon assuming her office yes-
terday, Miss Greenbaum comment-
ed, "It is our expectation that the
coming semester will bring a de-
crease in political apathy on the
part of the student body and an
inc]ease in active party partici-
"We hope that our organiza-
tion can provide enlightening
speakers and provocative discus-
sion," she added.
At yesterday's meeting Young
Democrats discussed plans to in-
vite Guy Nunn, Roy Reuther and
Lieutenant-governor Philip A.
Hart to the campus this semester
for speaking engagements.
Judiciary To Get
WASHINGTON (R)-Members of
the House voted for a 66 per cent
pay raise for themselves yesterday,
passing a bill which would give
them and senators $10,000 more a
The bill now goes to the Senate
By a margin of better than 2-1,
the House approved the legisla-
tion which would increase the
combined salaries and expense al-
lowances of Congress members
from $15,000 to $25,000 and also
d i s t r i b u t e substantial boosts
among the federal judiciary.
The roll call vote was 283-118.
Opponents insisted that congress-
men go on the record so their con-
stituents could see where they
Leaders Rush Bill
Only a few voices were raised
against the bill during a brief de-
bate. The measure was pushed
through the House by leaders of
both parties with the blessing of
President Dwight D. Eisenhower,
who said the legislators deserved
a raise but didn't say how much.
Former President Harry S. Tru-
man put in a lick himself, tele-
graphingDemocratic floor leader
John McCormack of Massachu-
setts that all senators, represen-
tatives and United States judges
The last raise for members of
Congress was voted in 1946. Sena-
tors and representatives currently
receive a basic salary of $12,500
annually plus $2,500 in taxable
money for which they need not ac-
A $3,000 income tax deduction
allowed members of Congress as a
business expense would remain in
The Senate measure calls for a
slightly smaller raise of $7,500.
The House bill calls for these other
A $10,000 annual increase for
associate justices of the Supreme
Court, raising them to $35,000 and
a similar increase for the chief
justice, raising him to $35,500.
Seventy-five hundred dollars a
year more for other members of
the federal judiciary, raising U.S.
district judges from $15,000 to
$22,500 and appellate judges from
$17,500 to $25,000.
An additional $5,000 a year for
the vice president and the speaker
of the House, raising their salaries
and expense allowances to $45,000.
The top of $15,000 a year for
United States attorneys would be
raised to $20,000, with commensur-
ate increases for some other Jus-
tice Department officials.
13rams Clarifies Contrary
Labor, Industry Quests
By NORMAN BARR
distance between two points is not necessarily a
Stanley H. Brams, editor and publisher of Detroit Labor Trends,
explained the paradoxical demands often made by labor from man-
Speaking before the Industrial Relations Club yesterday, Brams
said that the union demands are usually designed to draw out some.
sort of reaction from management.
After the union demands have been made, it is then the duty of
management to find out what the union is actually insisting on, where
do the bargain areas lie, what will the union compromise on, and what
will they actually accept.
Talk Through Reporter
Frequently, when union leaders use the press to communicate their
U -S 'Alert'
NEW YORK (IP)-Secretary of
State John Foster Dulles said yes-
terday the United States does not
intend to defend the Chinese
coastal islands "as such" but will
watch for any Communist effort
to use them as a springboard for
an attack on Formosa.
At the same time, Secretary
Dulles appealed to the Peiping re-
gime to reconsider its turndown of
United Nations cease-fire talks.
The critical issue is not the Reds'
desire for the Nationalist-held is-
Dulles Outlines U.S. Plans
On China Coastal Islands
LANSING (P-Dean E. Blythe
Stason of the Law School, was
asked by Gov. G. Mennen Wil-
liams yesterday to serve as an
advisor to state agencies on the
use of atomic energy for public
Gov. Williams said it is very,
probable that there will be plans
for an atomic reactor in Michi-
gan in the near future.
Dean Stason, a consultant and
legal advisor to the United States
Atomic Energy Commission, will
be asked to serve as consultant
to a committeeof state officers.
John H. McCarthy, chairman of
the State Public Service Commis-
sion, was asked to serve as chair-
man of the committee.
demands, they do not talk to the
I reporter, but talk through the r-
porter." They try to get the mes-
i sage across to their opponent or
they maybetri ospeak t
their own rank and file members.
The labor-management relations
expert must successfully relate the
demands and concessions of each
side to the other by revealing only
information that is in the "public
domain." As a reporter, he "does a
little trading of the things he can
Brams explained that both sides
must be able to come out of the
negotiations feeling that they have
won a victory. "It is necessary that
settlements save face for both,
parties," he continued
In the question-answer period
after the lecture, Brams did not
believe that the recent AFL-CIO
merger would greatly affect labor-
He felt that bargaining will go
on as usual and that most rival-
ries between, unions will continue.
However, he' believed that labor
will be strengthened politically be-
cause of their huge amounts of
IHC Acts As Service Group
For Students Living in Quads
(EDITOR'S NOTE-This is the second in a series of interpretive articles
dealing with the services, history and future of the Inter-House Council.)
By JOEL BERGER
From the point of view of organizational structure, the Inter-
House Council is well-suited to give services to and for the men it
IHC itself serves as a service organization for the men and
women in East, West and South Quadrangles. While the quadrangle
residents elect representatives to serve on the legislative body of
IHC, the executive officers in turn provide services for persons living
in the quads.
President Stan Levy, '55, is a member of the Board of Governors
of the Residence Halls. As such, he recommends subjects for approval
which the IHC legislative body requests him to bring up.
Top organ in the IHC structure is the legislature composed of
two representatives from each house in the quadrangle. Almost
" entirely male, the group also in-
Speakers To "Talk
Clarence Reid, former lieuten-
ant-governor of Michigan and
Homer Martin, founding president
of the United Auto Workers, will
discuss "Labor's Future in Poli-
tics" at 8 p.m. today in Rm. 3K
of the Union.
[N ELIOT PLAY:
1 roadway Actress Joins Dramatic Arts Staff
By LOUISE TYOR
Arriving in Ann Arbor via Broadway, Rica Martens, newcomer
to the staff of the Dramatic Arts Center, did her first professional
work on a radio show while attending Northern Texas State College,
in Denton, Tex.
"I can't remember when I first wanted to act," she explained,
"I always did."
After college, Miss Martens went to California where she acted
in a stock company in Hollywood. From there, the pretty red-head
went to New York City.
Appeared in "Laura" in New York
Following more radio and television work, Miss Martens appeared
in "Laura" in New York and on tie road and in the Jose Ferrer
production of "The Shrike." She also appeared in the road company
performance of the same play in Detroit in 1953: here she starred
with Van Heflin.
For the past three summers Miss Martens has been co-directing
and starring in a summer stock theater-in-the-round at Virginia
eludes women representing Tyler,
Prescott and Chicago houses.
Directly connected with the leg-
islature is the judiciary and
WCBN. According to Levy, judi-
ciary members are appointed for
one year terms and cannot be re-
moved from office.
This group has original juris-
diction in cases involving houses
or residents of two different quad-
rangles and in cases involving IHC.
It serves as a co-ordinating body
for all house and quadrangle
judiciaries and is an educational
force in judicial functioning, Levy
Executive organ of the IHC is
its cabinet, consisting of Levy,
Executive Vice-President Tom
Bleha, '56, Administrative Vice-
President Dave Hubly, '57, Treas-
urer Vic Nelson, Corresponding
Secretary Sandra Task, '57 and
Recording Secretary Bill Butzloff,
Also in the cabinet are South
Quadrangle President Arthur Kan-
gas, '55, West Quadrangle Presi-
dent Al Dower, and East Quad-
rangle President Ralph McCor-
Responsible to Hubly and Nel-
son is the financial committee,
which draws up the budget and
follows through by supervising its
JOHN FOSTER DULLES
... Secretary of State
lands, Secretary Dulles suggested,
but the use of force to get them.
"It is hardly to be expected that
the Chinese Communists will re-
nounce their ambitions," he said.
"However, might they not re-
nounce their efforts to realize their
goals by force?"
In a major address to 1,600 per-
sons at ; dinner of the Foreign
Policy Association, Secretary Dul-
les said th'e United States "will be
alert to subsequent Chinese Com-
munist actions, rejecting for our-
selves any initiative of warlike
He made these other main
1. He rejected an idea, report-
edly favored by some British offi-
cials, that Nationalist' China vol-
untarily surrender to the Reds all
2. The recent upheaval in Mos-
cow which put Marshal Nikolai
Bulganin in the Premier's role is
"an elemental personal struggle
for power" but it may also reflect
a "basic policy difference" between
the Russian Communist party and
the Soviet government. If "Rus-
sians of stature". will put their na-
tion's welfare first, instead of sub-
ordinating it to the Communist
drive to win the world, "then in-
deed there could be a basis for
worthwhile negotiations and prac-
tical agreements" with "the new
3. Fear among*Asian people that
the United States has no real in-
tention of supporting them in op-
position to communism "has
mounted to the danger point." But
he stressed, the American people
have made known their determina-
tion to "restrain those who vio-
lently menace liberty" and the Ei-
senhower administration "will so-
berly execute" this policy.
The United States, he said, "is
firmly committed to the defense"
of Formosa and the Pescadores,
the main Nationalist strongholds.
-Secretary Dulles indirectly ap-
pealed to the Peiping regime to
"renounce their efforts to realize
their goals by force." He said the.
Eisenhower Administration' still
hopes the United Nations, which
ended discussion of the Formosa
crisis Monday, would continue to
try to arrange a cease-fire in the