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May 20, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-05-20

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Students Should Asl
r Full Health Diagnosis
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

. 41P
]4)at

FAIR, COOL

VOL. LXV, No. 162 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 20, 1955

SIX PAGES

Peron Wins
State Church
Controversy
Catholics Lose
Rights in Dispute
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (R)
The Argentine House of Depu-
ties voted 121-12 last night to
separate the Roman Catholic
Church from the state.
The vote came after two days of
debate on the crucial issue of the
dispute between President Juan
' D. Peron and the church.
Last night's session ended with
a noisy pro-Peron demonstration.
Peron himself is ill with influenza
at his home.
Peron Victory
Deputies in the chamber shouted
"Peron, Peron" and pounded their
desks to celebrate the major ini-
tial victory for the Peronistas over
the church.
Action by the deputies was the
first but most important hurdle
for the proposal to eliminate the
rights and privileges granted Cath-
olicism under the constitution. The
measure has the strong backing
of President Peron's government
and is the outgrowth of his run-
ning dispute with the church in
this mainly Catholic country.
Peron last November accused
some members of the clergy of
seeking to undermine his regime.
The church has denied the accusa-
tion.
Senate Next
The Peronista party normally
controls 149 of the 166 seats in the
lower chamber and all 34 Senate
seats.
Congressional procedure calls
for the proposal to go from the
House to the Senate to Peron for
signature. The government then
would call an election to select
members of a National Assembly
to rewrite the constitution.
If this is done all financial aid
to. Catholic schools will be can-
celled and the small salaries paid
from government funds to cardi-
nals, bishops and a few other
clergymen will be discontinued.
Inoeulate 452
In Stockwell
For Hepatitis
Health Service yesterday inocu-
lated 452 Stockwell coeds and per-
sonnel against infectious hepatitis
(yellow jaundice), according to
Dr. Margaret Bell.
The gamma globulin inocula-
r tions were given to prevent pos-
sible cases, of the disease after it
was learned a food handler had
contracted it.
Following discovery of the yel-
low jaundice at 4 p.m. Wednesday,
Health Service asked the Stated
Public Health Department in Lan-
sing for 2500 cubic centimeters of
the vaccine.
Inoculations began at 1 p.m. yes-
terday. Coeds were weighed and
given injections of .02 cc. per
pound of body weight. No reac-
tions are expected from the shot.
The vaccine provides a passive
immunity and students are ad-
vised to have a second refresher
shot within five weeks.
Dr. Bell said the vaccine pro-
vides "very effective immunity" if
given within two weeks after ex-
posure.
Coller Award

f Given Surgeon.
Dr. Thomas D. Grekin of Wayne
County General Hospital was the
winner of the Frederick A. Coller
Award last night.
The award, which is a scroll,
goes to the Michigan surgeon who
has presented the most outstand-
ing paper on some field of surgery.
Doctors f r o m 14 hospitals
throughout the ,state presented
their papers yesterday at Rack-
ham on the theme, "For Progress
in Care and Nutrition of. the In-
jured Person."
Prof. Frederick A. Coller, chair-
man of the medical school, pre-
sented the award last night at a
dinner at Barton Hills Country
Club. A scroll was also presented
to the spopsoring hospital, Wayne
County General, for the "most
meritorious presentation of the
hsvmoniinm "

Review4
Delays

Lf

Salk

Vaccine

Polio

Inoculation

4 .-________ ____'

-Daily-John Airtzei
BREAKING THE TAPE in yesterday's 440-yard dash is Michi-
gan's Laird Sloan, followed by Chicago Track Club's Jim Brown
left) and Dave Hessler.
Th4inc la ds Dowm-n Chicago
Track Club Here, 94-38
By DAVE GREY
Absence of four star runners was little handicap in Michigan's
94-38 rout of the Chicago Track Club yesterday.
Neither did an occasional downpour dampen the Wolverines' only
home meet appearance of the spring season. As expected, the field
,events turned the meet into a "runaway," with the winners gaining
43 points to the losers' two. Several unexpected happenings reduced
Michigan's margin in the running events to a close 41-36.
With Pete Gray, John Moule, Hobe Jones and Grant Scruggs

in California for the Coliseum Rel
Eisenhower I
Vetoes Raise
For Postmen
WASHINGTON (R) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower vetoed an
8.6 per cent postal pay raise bill
yesterday and several senators
said he has the votes to make it
stick.
The test will come on Tuesday,
when the Senate will vote on
whether to override the veto. Pres.
Eisenhower, in apparent antici-
pation that he will be upheld,
asked Congress In his veto mes-
sage to "quickly consider and en-
act postal pay legislation that will
be in the public interest and fair
to all of the half-million employes
who man the postal service."
Says Bill Not Fair, Workable
Pres. Eisenhower, who has indi-
cated a 7.6 per cent raise would be
as much as he would approve, said
the rejected bill failed to meet
the criteria of fairness, workability
and reasonableness in cost. He
specified:
"1 It discriminates against
large groups of postal workers
such as rural letter carriers, spe-
cial delivery messengers, and many
supervisors and postmasters. These
total tens of thousands.
"2 Aside from creating new and
serious administrative problems,
the total cost of the bill,. approxi-
mately 180 million dollars a year,
is substantially greater than is
necessary to adjust postal salaries
to a fair level, either from the
standpoint of pay for comparable
work or from the standpoint of
increase in the cost of living."
First Attempt to Override
While Pres. Eisenhower has ve-
toed many bills since he became
President, most of them minor
ones, Tuesday's vote will mark the
first attempt to override him.
The bill Eisenhower vetoed
would have added 179 million dol-
lars plus to the Post Office De-
partment payroll of some two bil-
lion dollars. Pay raises would start
at 7 per cent.

ays Friday night, the principal race
of the afternoon was the clash
between Ron Wallingford and Chi-
cago's Bob Kelly in the two-mile
run. Kelly, a graduate of Loyola
(Chicago), has turned in a 9:16
two mile in the past; and although
he beat Wallingford yesterday, he
was only able to register a time of
9:36 on the slow Ferry Field cin-
ders.
Wallingford Leads
The duel proved to be unusual
in that Wallingford had a seem-
ingly insurmountable 20-yard lead
going into the final 440 lap. The
diminutive junior, however, had
set too inconsistent a pace and
tired himself out trying to regain
his stride. Kelly turned on a sur-
prising stretch drive and kicked
across the tape almost 25 yards
ahead of Wallingford.
The other key race as far as
Michigan was concerned came in
the 120-yard high hurdles when
usually dependable Jim Love pull-
ed up lame after the fourth bar-
rier. The charley horse was seri-
ous enough to keep Love from also
competing in the 220 lows, but
should be only temporary.
With the Michigan senior drop-
ping out, the Chicago Track Club's
Frank Loomis was able to nip
teammate Dan Trifone in the av-
erage time of :15.5 with Jesse
Blount of Michigan a close third.
Junior Stielstra captured the 220
lows in :23.8 ahead of Loomis and
Blount.
Sloan, Brown Win
Two fine performances were
turned in in the dashes by Laird
See CINDERMEN, Page 3
Michigan Heritage
Stressed Today
Today, the sixth day of the sec-
ond annual Michigan Week, is Our
Heritage Day.
It has been established by the
State Michigan Week committee
as the proper time for "a grateful
look backward at the history of
Michigan and its several regions,
and the appraisal of the traditons,
culture and resources that stand
today as the heritage of this and
future generations."

Government
Ok May Take
Week, Month
Meanwhile Polio
(ases Increase
WASHINGTON WP)-A series of
official and unofficial statements
yesterday dashed hopes for an
early resumption of Salk vaccine
shipments to keep the nation's
anti-polio campaign going.
A spokesman for the United
States Public Health Service,
which controls release of the vac-
cine from manufacturers, report-
ed that it will be at least next
week before any shipments are re-
sumed.
"Public Hysteria" Cited
Eli Lilly Co. of Indianapolis, in
another statement, said it did not
expect government approval of any
more of its vaccine before May 29,
and that its scientists have de-
cided on further tests because of
the "public hysteria."
Rep. H. O. Staggers. (D-W.Va.)
said he has been told that clear-
ance procedures for vaccine man-
ufacturers conceivably could de-
lay full-scale resumption of inocu-
lations as much as four or five
weeks.
Staggers added he had assur-
ances from the "highest compe-
tent public health authorities"
that there is nothing to worry
about in the immunization pro-
gram,
Number of Cases Increase
Meanwhile infantile paralysis
cases increased in the United
States.
The Public Health Service re-
ported there were 206 new polio
cases in the week ended May 14.
This was a 30 per cent increase
over the previous week and com-
pared with 151 cases in the second
week of May last year and a five-
year average of 116
But the number of polio cases
developing after inoculation with
the Salk vaccine remained un-
changed at 77. This was Wednes-
day's figure. A Health Service
spokesman said almost six million
inoculations have now been given.
'U'A uthorities
Hit Budget Cuts
LANSING (/P)-University offi-
cials asked the House Ways and
Means Committee yesterday to re-
store nearly one million 'dollars
which the Senate trimmed from
its budget request.
Appearing at the meeting to
protest the cuts were President
Harlan H. Hatcher, Vice-president
Marvin Neihuss and other offi-
cials.
Rep. Arnell Engstrom (R-Tra-
verse City), committee member,
said the University requested
$475,000 to cover contributions to
federal social security for its em-
ployes.
University employes are expect-
ed to vote to combine their own
pension plans with federal social
security under a program recently
approved by Congress.
"I don't think there'll be any
difficulty about that item," Eng-
strom said.

ty PHYLLIS LIPSKY
The obscurity which readers
complain of in modern poetry is
an obscurity of the specific, Pul-
itzer Prize winning poet Archibald
MacLeish said in the annual Hop-
wood lecture yesterday.
Our civilization is a specialized
one and a poet can no longer trans-
late his feelings into general terms,
the Harvard professor explained.
Goethe General Statement
Speaking on "Why Can't They
Say Why They Mean?" MacLeish
told the Rackham Lecture Hall
that when something happened to
the German poet Johann Wolf-
gang Goethe, Goethe turned it
into a general statcment.
Contemporary poets have not
been able to turn particular expe-
riences into the general because
"the general is not available as it
was 100 years ago.
"The particular is so overwhelm-
ing today that our literature has
become a literature of particulari-
ty," he said.
Since we have lost what Mac
Leish called the "common heritage
of myth" in a modern specialized
civilization, contemporary poets
"have no alternative but to make
the specific speak in so far as it
can be made to speak."
Cites Ezra Pound
MacLeish cited Ezra Pound as
a modern poet who wants to be
understood but whom readers have
found obscure because of the sub-
tility of his references.
Pound uses references, from lit-
tle known historical and literary
figures and even from his own per-
sonal experiences, references which
the average reader can not be ex-
pected to understand. "He draws

from the poetry, art and history
of a dozen countries and lan-
guages, MacLeish said.
Pound's position as a poet is un-
questioned," the speaker said. His
ideas about literature are as defi-
nite and precise as ideas can be.
-His emotions are as plain as can
be," he declared.
The reason for his apparent ob-
scurity is that like other contem-
porary poets he has been forced to

ARCHIBALD MacLEISH

ARCHIBALD MacLEISH:

Discuss Poets

Obscurity

express his feelings in particular-
isms. The reader turning the pages{
becomes irrated by references
which he does not understand.
Doesn't Seek Obscurity
MacLeish emphasized that a
.true poet neither seeks nor avoids
obscurity and that the reader must
neither look for it nor run away
from it.
This does not mean, he said, that
there is not a kind of obscurity
which ought to be rejected. A poet
who is obscure because he cannot
write English clearly or is afraid
of being understood justifies re-
jection by 'the reader.

"With the true poet," he ex-
plained, "obscurity, where it ex-
ists, is a conditidn of the poem
and must be accepted in that
light."
A poem can not be considered
obscure simply because it is dif-
ficult, he said. "A work is only ob-
scure if it demands of the reader!
more than his faculties at their
liveliest can bring."
Yeats Achieved Mastery
W. B. Yeats, MacLeish said, is a:
modern poet who has succeeded in
mastering the complexity of the
specialization of our age yet the
average intelligent reader with
imagination can understand his1
works.
The fact that all contempoiary
poets have not achieved Yeats'
mastery, and are often more dif-
ficult to understand is no reason'
for rejecting them, the poet em-1
phasized.
"Those who realize that their
lives must be lived in the age in
which they are born will not wi-
lingly be excluded from the poetry
of their own time," MacLeish
concluded.
'Air General
Denies Quote
WASHINGTON () - After
drawing a rebuke from his chief,
Brig. Gen. Woodbury M. Burgess
of Air Force Intelligence denied
yesterday he had said Russia's air
force is as good or better than
America's
Burgess' denial was relayed to
newsmen by Chairman Dennis
Chavez (D-N.M.) and Sen. Levo-
rett Saltonstall (R-Mass.) of a2
Senate Appropriations subcommit-:
tee. There was no word frdm Gen.-
Burgess himself and the Air Force,
said there would be none.
Earlier yesterday Gen. Nathan
F. Twining, Air Force chief of
staff, had issued a public rebuke
to Gen. Burgess,
Twining's remarks followed pub-,
lished accounts of a speech quot-
ing Burgess as saying, "The Rus-;
sian air force is currently at least
as good as ours, possibly better."
Reporters who heard the Detroit
speech said they were standing by
their accounty.
Delegates Named
To TFC Committee
Fraternity presidents elected five
district representatives to the In-
terfraternity C o u n c i1 executive
committee yesterday.
Ray Newton, '56, of Sigma Phi
was chosen from district one John
Calvin, '56, of Psi Upsilon will rep-
resent district two; Nort Stuart,
'57, of Delta Tau Delta, district
three; Dick Shapiro, '56, of Zeta
Beta. Tau, district four and Gus
Gianakaris, '56Ed. of Lambda Chi
Alpha, district five.
ts Officers

Hopwood Prizes Presented.
To 21 at .Annual Ceremony
Hopwood Awards totaling $8,500 were given to 21 winners yes-
terday during ceremonies in Rackham Lecture Hall.
Largest award, $800, went to Jan B. Wahl, Grad., for ""Seven
Old Maids," a group of related short stories entered in the major
fiction contest.
There were 13 major and eight minor awards in the fields of
fiction, drama, poetry and essay. Only seniors and graduate studentsI
are allowed to compete in the major fields.I
Prof. Arno L. Bader of the English department, Hopwood corn-.
mittee chairman, announced the winners after the annual lecture
Three Essays Get Awards
In addition to the award to Wahl, three others received prizes
in thefield of major fiction. Lilia P. Amansec, Grad, received $600,
for "Figures on My Notebook," a group of short stories,
Carol Lee Kageff, '55, was given $500 for the novelette, "The
Hovering Gulls." "Poor Heretics in Love," a novel dealing with col-
lege life, won Margot Jerrard, Grad, $400.
In the field of major essay, awards of $500 each were given!
to William R. Brashear, Grad, and Richard W. Lid, Grad. Brashear
write "Coleridge and ,Dejection," a group of critical essays on Cole-
ridge and other writers, while Lid received his award for "An Ap-
pendix to Nobility," a collection of critical essays on the modern
novel.
James Camp, Grad, was top winner in the major poetry field,j
receiving $600 for a collection of poems, "Christus Secondhand."
In the field of major dramasj ---
Beverly Canning, Grad. received
$700 for a play entitled "My Very Jud ic E L
Other major drama winners'
were Leonard Greenbaum, Grad,
George E. Bamber, '55, and Ron-
ald Sproat, Grad. Greenbaum won
$600 for "The Last Stone," a play
centering around the reception
by American relatives of a Euro-
pean displaced person.
Bamber received $500 for a
group of short plays titled "Three
One-Act Plays." "Four Plays," was
Sproat's entry.
Karl G. 'Kasberg, Grad, was giv-
en a $500 poetry award for "The
Apprentice Tongue," and Mary P.
Lomer, Grad, received $400 for a
group of wSrics, ."Poems of Sun
and Shadow.
Minor Award Winners
In the minor fiction field, top
winner neal eManripl' '55. re-

State Health
Heads Await
New Supply
Local Stock
Runs Out Today
By LEW HAMBURGER
Delay in release of Salk vaccine
due to federal -government review
will bring Michigan's anti-polio
program to a halt today.
State health department official
Dr. Fred Leeder yesterday crushed
hopes for completion of next
week's scheduled program when he
announced the present state vac-
cine supply was unable to meet
pressing demands.
Lot Was Safe
"We had never stopped inocu-
lations in Michigan because we
knew our lot was safe," Dr. Lee-
der said, "but we will discontinue
the program until notified that a
new supply is on its way."
The state vaccine distributor
hastened to affirm that supplies
had been "assured" by Dr. Hart
VanRiper, Director of the Nation-
al Foundation of Infantile Paraly-
sis. However, they will not ar-
rive before next Saturday at the
earliest.
"There is no doubt that it will
arrive," Dr. Leeder said, "it's just
upsetting because we don't know
when."
Local Shots Halted
Locally, Washtenaw c o u n t y
health director Dr. Otto K. Engel-
ke said inoculations after this
morning would be "indefinitely
postponed." He expressed concern
over the delay in the'face of the
impending "polio season" which
he, said is "getting closer and
closer."
The delay, he emphasized, would
cause no loss of immunity once the
second in'oculation is given. The
scheduled second inoculations for
the coming week which the vac-
cine shortage necessitated post-
poning were to be given to first and
second graders.
Today's inoculations are
planned for Stone, Manohester,
Dexter, and Whitmore L a k e
schoolchildren, but will be the last
of the program until new supplies
are shipped.
'Drugs Better
Virus Cure'
CHICAGO (P)--The author of
the Salk polio vaccine report said
yesterday he. believes the taking
of drugs may be more practical
than vaccination in coping with
virus diseases, such as polio,
Dr. Thomas Francis Jr., of the
University said it is likely the
future will disclose that many di-
seases which now baffle science
are caused by viruses. He address-
ed the Illinois State Medical So-
ciety.
There is some evidence, he said,
that some cancer and some form
of heart disease have a viral ori-
gin.
He said that to develop 50 dif-
ferent vaccines for 50 different
diseases would be impractical and
would offer a complex immunolog-
ical problem. Thus, 'attention
should be given to chemotherapy,
or drug treatment.
He said it is possible that a drug
found, effective against one virus
disease may have a carryover ef-
fect against another. Such drugs,
once the toxcity is removed, could
be taken routinely as a prophy-
laxis, he said.

Jr. IFC Elects
New Officers
New officers were chosen yester-
day to head Junior Interfraternity
Council.
Headed by Stewart Gordon, '58,
Theta Delta Chi, the new official
will preside for the fall semester,

BRITISH NEWS SERVICE:
Reuters Agency Founded in 1840's

(Editor's Note: This is the last in a
series of four interpretative articles
on major news agencies.)
By MERLE MAYERSTEIN
Reuters, the British news agen-
cy, ranks as the oldest press asso-
ciation in continuous operation.
Founded by Paul Julius Reuter
(rhymes with loiter) in the 1840's,
Reuters news agency began opera-
tions in Kas sel vrmamn

sources and established complete The flow of news must not be im-
news agency control of interna- peded. This can come to pass only
tional news, they were able to de- when, in news collection, all the
cide what the people of each na- barriers are dlown."
tion would be allowed to know of Reuters' monopoly covered Ja-
the peoples of other nations, and pan, China, most of the Far East
what shade of meaning the news and the United States. Its influ-
would have. ence extended over Havas in
In order to perfect this monop- France and Wolff in Germany
oly, they either established news (both have been out of operation
Q -nnir f t ei n1. 7 infi m c - - c-n ff ifio+Umnl mUa

- _.

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