DULL ELECTION YEAR
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VOL.. LJXV, No. 161
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 19, 1955
ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN. THURSDAY, MAY 19, 1955 RTX PAt~I~
. .. m *r
By GAIL GOLDSTEIN
Student Government Council last night approved a request of the
Gothic Film Society to admit members to non-museum showings at
an established price.
Under a recommendation of the Campus Affairs Committee, it was
provided that this permission be granted for a trial period from June
1955 through April 1956.
At this time the matter would be again referred to the Campus
Records Set in Tokyo
To Newcastle Flight
NEWCASTLE, Australia (P) --.
Four U.S. Air Force F84 Thunder-
jets, fighter-bombers which can
carry the A-bomb, completed aI
record, nonstop flight of 4,840
miles from Tokyo yesterday.
The sleek, single-engined ma-t
chines, refueled three times in the
air, spanned the sea, the equatorr
and two seasons in 12 hours, 2E
It was a midsring day whena
they took off from Tokyo's Yokutas
Air Base Tuesday; a chill, gusty
fall day when they landed at this
city on Australia's east coast. a
Though the flight covered 210
more miles than similar craft evero
had done nonstop before, the pilotsa
estimated they could have gone on
six hours more-at least 2,000 u
Col. Harold M. McClelland ofg
Avon Park, Fla., was the leader.-
His command had been depletedo
en route by two planes. One of the
six original starters developed fueln
trouble that caused it to crash inn
Japan, the pilot parachuting. An-c
other dropped out at Guam be-t
cause of radio trouble.
Add New Record
The four other pilots chalked up
a record Tokyo-Australia nonstop
flight as well as the new nonstopC
mark for single-engine jets.
The flight, Operation Handclasp,r
was planned to show the strength
of defense links between Australia>
and U.S. bases in the Far East.1
The United States and Australian
are allies in the Southeast Asia
The former record was set Aug.
20, 1953, when Brig. Gen. ThayerE
Olds led a 4,360-mile flight of 20y
F84s from Turner Air Force Base'
in Georgia to England. On the E
same day, eight other Thunderjets
flew 4,450 miles from Turner to t
To Be Given
Prof. Archibald MacLeish, of t
Harvard University, will deliver
the main address at the annual t
Hopwood Award presentation to- c
day at 4:15 p.m. in Rackham Lec- s
Awards, both major and minor c
will be presented by Prof. Arno
Bader of the English department,
chairman of the Hopwood Com-
MacLeish, recipient of two Pul- d
itzer Prizes, will discuss modern S
poetry in a lecture entitled, "Why m
Can't They Say What They
The Hopwood Awards are pre-
sented each year from funds left A
in the will of Avery Hopwood. t
They are given to outstanding stu-
dent contributors in the field of J
the short story, essay, poetry and D
Affairs Committee to determine
whether Cinema Guild profits have
SGC's action follows a reversal
of former policy that Cinema
Guild would be the only student
organization authorized to present
a regular program of movies for
an admission fee.
William Wiegand, Grad., presi-
dent of the Gothic Film Society
explainedto the councilnthat the
society was a non-profit group
run on a membership basis.
The policy of admitting guests
free of charge not only had cut
down on membership, but had re-
sulted on an infringement of
membership rights because of
Joel Tauber, '57, chairman of
the Campus Affairs Committee
said that the committee felt Goth-
ic Films would not detract from
Cinema Guild because the show-
ings are on different nights and
a different type of film is pre-
Wiegand said that Gothic Films
are shown for their "artistic ap-
preciation," hence a duplication
of films between Cinema Guild
and Gothic Films is unlikely.
Tauber also added that individ-
ual students should be allowed to
take advantage of the specific
showings. The present set-up
would hinder the further operation
of the society.
The council passed the recom-
mendation with qualification that
museum showings would not be in-
cluded in this plan as it is against
the stipulations under which this
type of presentation is offered.
Joint Judic Member
Five members were officially ap-
proved by SGC for Joint Judiciary
Council. Roger Anderson, '56, Mer-
ritt Green, '56L, Andrea Snyder,
57, Ralph Goldberg, '56, and
MarthabWallbillich, '56 were se-
lected by an interviewing com-
mittee from fifty students who pe-
titioned for the one-year term on
Appointed to the University
Housing Study Committee for one-
year terms were Al Williams, '57,
Tawfig Khoury, '55E, and Turner
Eleven students petitioned for
the positions on the committee
which has just been set up by SGC
o study student housing and en-
vironmental health at the Uni-
Hazel Frank, '56, Richard Good,
56 A, and Deborah Townsend, '56
were approved as the central board1
of SGC for summer operation of
Tom Sawyer, '58, reported that
he Books for Asia Drive was suc-
essful and that over four thou-
and books have been sent to San
Francisco for shipment to Asian
Army, Air Force and Navy ca-
lets and bands will joini forces
aturday in a parade to com-
nemorate Armed Forces Day.
The parade will start at 10:30
n Thayer Street.-
Earlier in the morning the t
rmy ROTC will present awardsI
o outstanding cadets.
Brigadier General Briard P. .
ohnson, Colonel V. R. Miller and
Sean Walter B. Rea are amonga
hose who will present the awards.
At Big 4'Meeting
Backs Mrs. Hobby in Vaccine f
Stand at Weekly Press Conference
WASHINGTON ()-President Eisenhower rejected yesterday any
idea that America may have lost control of the air to Russia.
It is "just not true," Eisenhower said, to say that "we have lost
in a twinkling all of this great technical development and technical
knowledge as well as the numbers in our total aircraft."
Defends Mrs. Hobby
The president spoke up at a news conference at which he also:
Defended Secretary of Welfare Hobby's handling of the polio
vaccine problem-he said it would be a waste of time to commentq
j~on a demand by Sen. Wayne
OVETA CULP HOBBY
... controversy flares
Wilson Picks Committee
To Study Brainwashing
WASHINGTON (/P)-Secretary of Defense Wilson, yesterday named
a 10-man committee to devise ways of teaching members of the armed
forces how to stand up under torture and conduct themselves as pris-
oners of war.
What is needed, Wilson said, is a "simple, easily understood code"
for Americans who serve their country in battle. Obviously, he had in
mind the confusion that has arisen because each service dealt in a dif-
(D-Ore.) that she be re-
Coeds To Get
Contraction of infectious hepa-
titis by a cafeteria food handler
will mean mass inoculations today
for women in Stockwell Hall.
Dr. Margaret Bell of Health
Service said yesterday Health
Service became aware of the sit-
uation this week and immediately
made plans for inoculating the
women against the disease.
Injections of gamma globulin
will be administered starting today
and women will be asked to have a
second inoculation in five weeks
from their home physicians.
First injections will be given in
the basement of Health Service.
Women in Stockwell were notified
of the food handler'scontraction
of the disease last night and a list
of inoculation times was an-
nounced to the women.
The danger period for people
exposed to the disease is from 15
to 35 days.
Board To Elect
Election of officers for the
1956 Senior Board will take
place today at 5 p.m. at the
ferent way with men who suc-
cumbed to Communist "brainwash-
ing" in the Korean conflict.
Civilian and Military
The committee will consist of
five civilian officials in the Penta-
gon and five retired admirals and
Wilson asked them to recom-
mend ways for training military
personnel to defend themselves
against brainwashing, other phys-
ical and mental torture and prop-
aganda if they fall into enemy
Appointment of the group re-
flects concern over the number of
Americans who broke under Com-
munist activity in Korea and for
the smaller number who were in-,
fected by Communist teaching in
prison camps, officials said. ,
Wilson appointed Asst. Defense'
Secretary Carter L. Burgess to
head the new committee. Gen.
John E. Hull, who recently retired
after serving as U.S. and UN
commander in chief of the Far
East is vice chairman. -
The services employed different,
methods in dealing with men who
survived the rigors of Communist
captivity in the Far East but
against whom suspicion existed.
Wilson gave the committee twos
months to study methods an ene-
my has or might use against pris-
oners. Then it will report.
Declared with table-thumping
emphasis that he is heading int
a Big Four meeting with Russia
with "no appeasement in my
heart." He said he doesn't believe
the American people suspect thei
government is apt to fall into the
Noted that the thought seem
to be developing that "there mighi
be built up a series of neutralized
states from north to south through
Europe." But he said the peace
treaty neutralizing Austria does-
n't mean "a disarmed Austria" nor
"a military blank." That kind of
neutrality, of a kind he said Swit-
zerland would fight to the death
to protect, "is a far different thing
from just a military vacuum."
The air power issue was pegged
to a speech in which Sen. Syming-
tin (D-Mo.) former Air Force sec-
retary, told the Senate Tuesday
this country and the free world
may have lost control of the air
to Russia. Symington called for
an investigation to determine the
relative strength of Russian and
free world forces in all militar
categories, in the light of flights
of new type planes over Moscow
early this month.
'A Relative Thing'
Eisenhower was asked whether
he thinks this country has lost
control of the air to Russia.
"As anybody who is experienced
in warfare knows," he said, "con-
trol of the air is a relative thing.
and anybody with a certain
amount of air force in action can
gain control over a place where he
chooses to concentrate his air, and
for a given space of time ... even
in the face of quite great general
superiority on the other side.
"The Germans did it to us as
late as January, 1945."
The Chief Executive conceded
that the United States may not
have as many B52 intercontinent-
al jet bombers "as we should like
at this moment."j
"I don't know the exact num-
ber," he said. "But to say that we
have lost in a twinkling all of this
great technical development and
technical excellence as well as the
numbers in our total aircraft i,
just not true."
There was nothing to clarify
whether he meant that the Unit-
ed States has or hasn't lost super-
iority in numbers of planes, with-
out being surpassed in quality.
Russia generally is credited with
having far more military aircraft
of all types than the United States,
with the exception of strategic
Opens Here Today
Representatives from more than
40 U.S. colleges will gather here
today, tomorrow and Saturday for
a conference seminar, sponsored
by the Intercollegiate Musical1
The purpose of the gathering
TREATY SIGNERS-Three of the Big Four Foreign Ministers
and Austrian Foreign Minister Leopold Figi, (second from right)
smile and wave from balcony of Vienna's Belvidere Palace to
thousands below after signing the Austrian independence treaty.
Left to right are: Russia's V. M. Molotov, Figl, Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles, and Britain's Harold MacMillan.
|M' Netmen Top Titan
For 17th "Straight Wint
By DICK CRAMER
Michigan's tennis team had another breather yesterday afternoon
as it shut out the University of Detroit, 9-0, on the Wolverines' courts.
The third consecutive whitewash and seventeenth straight dual
meet victory was merely the last in a series of tuneups for the unbeat-
en Wolverines before they journey to Indiana Friday for their stiffest
Big Ten competition of the season against the defending Conference
Michigan, which hasn't been seriously threatened since its 5-4
triumph over Western Michigan two weeks ago, reached a new high
in efficiency yesterday when it captured all nine matches in straight
sets and completed the meet in "'
less than two and a half hours. (TT 1 ) L
Ironically, the number one man U1nited Party
for the Wolverines, Barry MacKay, /
had the most trouble in preserving S- een 'in 195
his team's clean sweep. Titan Earl ei
Clark extended the lanky netter to y
sets of 7-5. 6-4. By Stevenson
MacKay's usually aggressive style ,
proved to be a handicap against CHICAGO (,P)--Adlai Stevenson
Clark, a steady defensive player expressed confidence yesterday
specializing in tantalizing soft that the Democrats will be a unit-
shots. ed party in 1956.
In five of the other matches, "For the past two years," the
Detroit's netmen failed to win 1952 Democratic presidential nom-
See NETMEN, Page 3 inee said, "I have done all I could
to assure a united Democratic par-
M e * ty in 1956. I am sure that is the
M cK evitt W ill wish and intention of all good
Democrats and I firmly believe
' " f l "+.1 - +
Just 'Safety Step'
WASHINGTON ()-A new de-
lay in further releases of Salk po-
lio vaccine was disclosed last night
pending what a Public Health
Service spokesman called "another
look-see at this whole very con-
The disclosure came when a re-
porter asked why there had been
no report on the findings of a fed-
eral inspection team which has
completed a visit to Wyeh Lab-
oratories, Inc., at Marietta, Pa.
No Further Release
"There will be no further re-
leases of vaccine from any manu-
facturer for several days," a
spokesman said. He added the sit-
uation did not affect the 7,850,000
cubic centimeters of vaccine pro-
duced by two other laboratories
and approved for use in the' na-
tion-wide immunization program.
He described the delay as sim-
ply another precautionary meas-
ure. He explained that government
scientific inspectors conducting a
plant-by-plant study have been
seeking to develop refined methods
for studying and analyzing proto-
cols-scientific data submitted by
manufacturers on which govern-
ment clearance on the vaccine is
To Review Data
"They have now developed those
and now they are going to review
them," the spokesman said.
Later Dr. Leonard A. Scheele,
surgeon general of the Public
Health Service, confirmed that
"there will be no further an-
nouncement with respect to the
release of poliomyelitis vaccine for
the next several days."
Dr. Scheele added: "This should
noit be inferred as reflecting in any
way on the vaccine of the compa-
nies whose manufacturing and
testing processes are under study.
The Public Health Svic, an-
nouncement followed a day in
which there were these other de-
1. President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower said Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby
has done "a mighty magnificent
job" as secretary of health, edu-
cation and welfare. The Public
Health Service is under her juris-
2. Pres. Eisenhower disclosed
that Mrs. Hobby told him some
months ago she might have to
leave the Cabinet for personal rea-
sons. Heemphasized that this had
nothing to do .with her handling
of the Salk vaccine..
3. Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore)
called for a thorough investigation
of "the entire vaccine release pro-
cedures which have been fol-
lowed." He said some Senate com-
mittee should put Mrs. Hobby and
her medical staff under oath to
fin dout "just what steps were
taken in testing the vaccine."
4. Eisenhower announced there
is enough Salk vaccine now on
hand or "in sight" to give the first
of a scheduled series of three shots
to every American schoolchild in
the first and second grades.
Senate Committee Stops
Move for Fixed Pr
WASHINGTON -The Senate Agriculture Committee yester-
day defeated by one vote an effort to force final congressional action
this year on a move to restore farm price supports to a fixed, high
John G. McKevitt, '47MPA will
become assistant to Vice-Presi-
dent Wilbur Pierpont, June 1.
According to Pierpont he will
assist in the plant and building
Working with the variousj
schools and colleges he will ex-
plain their requirements to theI
State Budget and Planning Divi-
"The University is fortunate to
be able to obtain MeKevitt's ser-
vices because of his knowledge and
experience in this work" Pierpont
this is what were going to have.
"I believe that those who have
strayed and returned in good faith
should be welcomed back to the
Democratic fold," said Stevenson.
"I am against loyalty oaths but
am very much in favor of loyalty
and good faith in politics, and I
believe a delegate who takes part
in any Democratic' decision-mak-
ing process bears a serious obliga-
tion to abide by the majority de-
cision unless his conscience forbids
Stevenson was asked if he plans
to become a 1956 presidential can-
didate. He replied that all he
knows about that "is what you fel-
lows have been writing."
By an 8-7 vote the committee decided to hold hearings for an
indefinite time on the price support program in general, as well as
a House bill to boost props back to 90 per cent of parity.
It was uncertain even when the hearings would start. Under the
*Drr cedurp ct rt+h i .-
INS Third Largest Agency
(Editor's Note: This is the 3rd in a
series of four interpretati' e articles on
major news agencies.)
By MERLE MAYERSTEIN
True to its founder's predilec-
tion for the sensational, William
Randolph Hearst's International
News Service has gained prestige
in the news agency field because
of its energy, resourcefulness and
Born in 1909, the same year the
subsidiary, King Features Syndi-
cate, INS furnishes news and fea-
tures to a number of newspapers.
Not many of these clients sub-
scribe to the Hearst editorial ideas,
In order to please as wide a
clientele as possible, INS has kept
itself free from any overt slant-
Like the Associated Press and
patches reach an audience of
more than 250,000,000 people, via
the major communications media
of newspapers, radio, television
The news dispatches and special
features go out directly on the ser-
vice's own teletype and wireless
channels, and indirectly through
network and other tieups.
In the United States alone, INS
operates more than 170,000 miles
Sse S u, they could con-
tinue past adjournment of the
Committee Chairman Ellender
(D-La.), who has opposed bring-
ing the issue to a Senate vote this
year, notedeWednesday's action
could be reversed. But he express-
ed hope a majority of the com-
mittee would permit "a thorough
study of this problem."
The House last week passed by
a thin margin a bill to scrap the
flexible system of price supports
pushed through by the Adminis-
tration in 1954. This calls for
guarantees of 821/ to 90 per cent
of parity on such basic crops as
sorn and wheat.
Parity is a standard designed to
insure farmers a fair return in
SRINIVASA N COMMENTS:
India Favors 'Peace Area'
By PETE ECKSTEIN
India aims to create a "peace
area" in Asia, Prof. Nidamarulu
Srinivasan of Andhra University
said in a lecture yesterday.
Prof. Srinivasan said his coun-
try would like to "build up a chain
of independent democracies" which
would retain their "freedom of
judgement and action" despite the
policy is "born of friendship," he
commented. Prime Minister Nehru
feels the United States is "more
anxious for Western unity than to
help the colonial nations of Asia,"
the professor added.
"The assumption of American
policy seems to be that war is in-
evitable," he said, while India is
"determined that war can be
adding that his country's policy is
"pro-Indian. We have fought in-
ternal Communism with more vig-
or than any other country, includ-
ing the United States."
Indians are devoted, he empha-
sized, to the "active pursuit of
peace." Bi-polarization of the
world's powers and, the; building
up of armaments are not proper
m~ ,s f r,-,i',iiing it. (1P main-.