THE MlCKWAlgll 1UTAIL V
FRIDAY, Y 13, 1955
PAC4~ FOUR FRiDAY, MAY 13, 1955
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. - Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
Plans May Remove Superficial
"Hey-Don't Get Too Far Ahead"
(UTSIDE THE loose circle of the thousand
or so foreign students here, it's doubtful
whether anybody's doing much about Interna-
tional Week. And it's a safe guess to venture
that even within that circle participation in the
week's activities isn't very high.
The week set aside for American-foreign re-
lations has gone relatively unheralded in re-
cent campus history. This, in light of rival
attractions for student interest, might be un-
But what isn't understandable is that almost
every campus week goes by without any sig-
nificant attempts to bridge the wide gulf be-
tween foreign and American students.
It's an old theme-there they are and here
we are and nobody's doing much about it. Those
thousand have come here from virtually every
par of the world. Without even trying they
give the campus a superficial cosmopolitan
BUT SINCE they have little initiative to try,
and since American students rarely meet
them halfway, everybody leaves without bene-
fit of many international experiences.
This might be a good time to point out two
recent attempts to improve the foreign-Amer-
ican student situation. In themselves the at-
tempts might be regarded as almost ineffective
efforts-but combined, and with the hoped-for
addition of other techniques they can be ex-
pected to do some good.
Several Student Government Council candi-
dates in their campaign speeches came out
strongly for putting %a representative of Inter-
national Students Association on SGC as an
ex-officio member. Their reasoning: foreign
students, totalling 1,000, deserve the same re-
presentation granted, for instance, to sorority
women, who also number about a thousand.
THIS POINT is well worth considering. Me-
chanical difficulties in SGC structure would
arise, but benefits of the ISA representation
would almost certainly make such a move
Other action toward bridging the gulf has
come from women's organizations. Recent meet-
ings of the League, Panhellenic and Assembly
have focused on a program whereby individual
coeds here will take it upon themselves to work
out a "big sister" system with next year's for-
eign women students.
This program will begin with correspondences
this summer, following through with continued
relationships throughout next year.
BOTH THESE moves show promise of giving
future International Weeks some all-cam-
pus significance. Each merits the support of
students involved. SGC should devote serious
consideration to the question of adding an in-
ternational representative, and the women's
groups should carry out their program with
On the other side, foreign students' organi-
zations must expect to give all their coopera-
tion to any efforts made toward better in-
The cosmopolitan atmosphere need not re-
Now, What About
SWITCHBOARDS IN women's residence halls
are now open until 11 p.m.
But of what benefit can this be to the over
2,500 men who live in the quads? Switchboards
in men's residence halls (including Chicago
House, Tyler House, and Prescott House) are
only open to 10:30 p.m.
I - AM
c. 4y'' ,
a a 9S ur "4r.
AT THE MICHIGAN:
A t Medics
DOCTOR IN the House" is a
very funny picture. ,
This latest English comedy is
very much in the tradition of the
now-famous "Genevieve," and the
tradition is carried on nobly.
Four medical students in a big
hospital provide a different and
entertaining basis for this. The op-
portunities for fun in a setting of
this sort are numerous and the
film does not miss a thing. There
are sight gags galore. There are
clever lines and many a double-
entendre (always in the best taste,
of course.) The British seem to
know how to handle these things
There is satire on all kinds of
medical and teaching foibles and
there is lots of what is known as
"good, clean fun."
THE FOUR STUDENTS, who
seem to have the time of their
lives in the most honorable of pro-
fessions, are four distinct types--
a, rouge whose main interest is
nurses, an athlete who insists up-
on celibacy during the rugby sea-
son, a lovable loafer who purposely
flunks out each year because his
aunt gives him a thousand pounds
for every year spent studying me-
dicine, and a normal-type ambi-
The film centers on this last for
the main part of the proceedings,
but takes time out to carry on the
lives of the other four. Since the
quartet of comrades share a gar-
ret in medical La Boheme fashion,
their doings are closely interrelat-
The style of the film is ingeni-
ous. Along with the major devel-
opments, there are numerous
short scenes entirely for the pur-
pose of making a joke. These are
mostly funny little blackouts and
they serve to keep the film mov-
ing and, at the same time, illumi-
nate the audience on the comic
aspects of the medical profession.
With finals looming direly, "Doc-
tor in the House" should prove
divertisement. It's always fun to
laugh at other students' troubles,
To the Editor
Backstage Facts on Vaccine
B ULTE TIN
(Continued from Page 2)
Doctoral Examination for Charles
Weistead Smith, Physiology thesis:
"Endocrine Factors Related to Toxicity
of Oxygen at Atmospheric Pressure,"
Fri., May 13, 4017 East Medical Build-
ing, at 2:00 p.m. Cairman, J. W. Bean.
Doctoral Examination for George Sn-
nemann, Engineering Mechanics; thesis:
"Analysis of Hydrodynamic Problems
Related to Divertors," Fri., May 13, 408
West Engineering Bldg., at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman, R. A. Dodge.
Doctoral Examination for Harold
Zinnes, Pharmaceutical Chemistry; the-
sis: "A Study of the Ivanov Reaction,"
Fri., May 13, 2525 Chemistry Bldg., at
2:30 p.m. Chairman, F. F. Blicke.
sociology Department picnic, Sat.,
May 14 at Dexter-Huron Park, from 3:00.
8:00 p.m. All sociology concentrates, so-
ciology staff, and sociology and social
psychology graduate students invited.
Rotating Seminar in Mathematical
Statistics. Sat., May 14, at 2:00 p.m., in
Room 3201 Angell Hll. Prof. D. V. Lind-
ley, of Cambridge University and the
University of Chicago, will speak, "On
a Measure of the Information in an
Experiment and Its Application to the
Inference Problem." Prof. A. H. Cope-
land will speak on "Probabilities, Pre-
dictions and Observations."
English °Honors Examination. 2:00
p.m. Sat., May 14 in 1007 Angell Hall.
Logic seminar will meet Fri., May 1,
at 4:00 p.m. in 3010 Angell Hall. Dr.
Rainich will continue to discuss "Foun-
dations of Geometry."
Doctoral Examination for Elmer Sam-
uel Moon, English Language And Lit-
erature; thesis: "Organic Form in the
Shorter Poems of Edwin Arlington Rob-
inson," Sat., May 14, East Counoil
Room, Rackham Bldg., at 9:00 a.m,
Chairman, A. L. Bader.
Scenes From Opera, presented by the
Opera Classes, Joseph Blatt, director,
NafeeKatter, stage director, Thurs. and
Fri., May 12, 13, 8:30, Auditorium A, An-
gell Hall. Open to the public without
University choir, Maynard Klein, con-
ductor, will perform Brhms' German
Requiem at 8:30 p.m. Sat., May 14, In
Hill Auditorium, with Dolores Lowry,
soprano, Robert Kerns, baritone, and
William Doppman, accompanist. Public
admitted without charge. Correction:
Concert is Sat. instead, of Sun., May 15,
as announced in the weekly Calendar.
student Recital. Sally Davis, pianist,
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the Bachelor of Music degree
at 8:30 p.m. Sun., May 15, In Auditorium
A, Angell Hall. Compositions by Bach,
Schubert, and Brahms. Open to the
public. Miss Davis is a pupil of John
Episcopal Student Foundation. All
those going to the SRA-Interguild
Planning Conference, Friday, May 13,
will meet at Canterbury House at 4:30
p.m. Program Friday evening will be
at Judson Collins Camp.
Hillel: Friday, 7:15 P.m. Traditional
and liberal services followed by an Oneg
Shabbat. Services conducted by Alpha
Punch and Tea Hour, Lane Hall Li-
brary, Friday, 4:30-6:00. Michigan Chris-
tian Fellowship is guild host.
Advertising Conference: The Chang-
Ing Consumer. Fri., May 13, Rackhanx
Lecture Hall. Faculty and students in-
vited to morning session, 9:15 a.m. to
12 noon, and afternoon session, 2:15
p.m. to 5:30 p.m. Luncheon and din-
ner, Michigan Union Ballroom, admis-
sion at cost. Luncheon Speaker: Pro-
fessor George Horsley Smith, Rutgers
University. Dinner Speaker: Professor
Arthur Upgren, Dartmouth College.
Acolytes will meet at 8:00 p.m. Fri.,
May 13, in the East Conference Room,
Rackham. Herbert Kamins of the Phil-
osophy Department at Wayne University
will speak. Sun., May 22. Acolytes will
hold its annual picnic. Details publi-
Hillel. Sat., May 14, 9:00 a.m. Sat.
morning services in the chapel.
Westminster Student Fellowship.
sponsored Bible Seminars in the Stu-
dent Center of the Presbyterian Church,
Room 217, 9:15 and 10:45 a.m., Sun.,
Newman Club Communion Breakfast
Sun., May 15, at the Father Richard
Center, immediately after the 9:30 a.m.
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
War Needs Definied Interest
By WALTER LIPPMANN
IN THE TWO months that have passed since
Congress voted the Formosa resolution, the
President has been bearing an increasingly
heavy burden of responsibility.
It has been a strange development especially
for him, so sincerely convinced a believer that
personal government is undesirable and that
Congress should participate with the executive
in the great decisions of war and peace.
The Formosa resolution has left it to him to
decide whether to defend the offshore islands
at the risk of a general war. This is an ex-
treme delegation of authority. For President
Eisenhower must determine not only whether
war is justified because a known and establish-
ed vital interest of the United States has been
Every President has that power and that res-
ponsibility. He must determine whether or not,
and in what degree, there is an American in-
terest in these offshore islands. Congress has
left the decision entirely to him.
There is no treaty obligation, there is no
principle of law, which establishes an Ameri-
can interest in these islands. The President and
Congress have not agreed upon any clear and
definite juridical, strategic, or political stan-
dard to guide the Chief Executive in making
the gravest decision that he can be called upon
EVER SINCE the vote in Congress the Presi-
dent has ben under pressure from all quar-
ters to make a decision one way or the other.
This he has thus far refused to do. Lacking a
definite principle and a policy to guide him, it
has seemed better to wait and see whether
Peiping does anything which, when it is al-
ready happening, the President then judges in
the heat of the crisis to be vitally related to
the defense of Formosa.
Amidst all the uncertainties and pressures
which converge upon the White House, it has
seemed better not to make a decision and not
The Daily Staff
Eugene Hartwig ..... .................Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers.. . .... ....City Editor
Jon Sobeloff.........................Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs ... ............Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad,:.................. Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart ....... ..............Associate Editor
Dave Livingstrn. ........... Sports Editor
Hanley Gurw n.................Associate Sports Editor
Warren Wertheimer............Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimrvitz...................... women's Editor
Janet Smith ...............Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel....................Chief Photographer
Lois Pollak ... Business Manager
to risk the displeasure of those who would not
like the decision.
Yet this is an unsound position for the Chief
Executive: that without public criteria known
in advance, he must decide for peace or war
after the confusion of war has begun. Can it
truly be argued that it is good policy to make
the Chinese guess how President Eisenhower
will guess if they attack the islands?
And in any event, the policy of not choos-
ing a policy until the adversary has precipi-
tated a crisis is an invitation to Peiping to
proceed in such a way as will cause the most
division and confusion in this country, in For-
mosa, among our allies, and in the uncom-
mitted Asian countries.
IT IS NEVER safe to assume that your ad-
versary is a fool. And therefore it is not
safe to assume that the Red Chinese will take
such obvious military actions that it will be
easy for the President to make a decision that
will unite the country and rally its allies.
There are, as anyone who has been reading
the paper knows, ways of attacking these off-
shore islands which would not be "recogniz-
able" to use the words of the President's mes-
sage, "as parts of, or definite preliminaries to,
an attack against the main positions of For-
mosa and the Pescadores."
Our problem is how to extricate the Presi-
dent and the country from this predicament.
When the President was persuaded in January,
perhaps against his better judgment, to accept
personal responsibility for the offshore islands,
two things were hoped for.
One was that an overwhelming vote by Con-
gress would deter the Red Chinese from any
serious military action in the Formosa, Strait.
The other hope was that a truce could be ne-
gotiated in which the offshore islands would
be used as an important bargaining point.
AS TO THE first hope, experience has shown,
I believe, that even if the Red Chinese are
deterred from an open full scale assault, they
have been given a strong incentive to proceed
by the other means--just short of open con-
ventional war-which are available to them.
But it is on the second point, on the hope
of negotiating a cease fire, that our knowledge
now is most definite. We know, I believe, that
a cease fire cannot be had by the negotiation
of a public agreement signed by all the inter-
A cease fire by negotiation cannot be had
because neither the Chinese government in
Peiping nor the Chinese government in For-
mosa can sign such a document. For they
would be agreeing to end the civil war by a
partition of Chinese territoroy.
Chiang would be renouncing his claim to
be the head of the rightful government of
China; Mao Tse-tung woudl be renouncing his
claim to P teh0 1 -nArlf ty1paiimt, nvrn
By DREW PEARSON
HERE ARE two backstage facts
regarding the manufacture of
Salk vaccine which the public
should be informed about and
which may help explain some of
the current unfortunate uncer-
1. The Cutter Laboratories of
Berkeley, Calif., were criminally
prosecuted and found guilty in
June, 1949, of inadequate steriliza-
tion in connection with glucose
water and salt water preparations.
They were fined $600. This is the
same company whose vaccine was
removed from use after 38 chil-
dren contracted polio while taking
the shots in California.
2. The Public Health Service
which is testing and licensing the
vaccine, has not had time to test
it, but has accepted the written re-
ports of the drug companies.
IN THE EARLIER use of the
drug last year, every batch was
carefully tested both by Dr. Salk
and the manufacturer. But this
year, in the interest of making the
vaccine available in time for the
polio season and before t h e
schools close, the Public Health
Service has required each drug
company to send in samples plus
a written statement or "protocol"
of the work done on the vaccine,
but has made no test.
Ordinarily, each batch of vac-
cine is tested by being injected in-
to the brains of 12 healthy mon-
keys and into the muscle tissue of
six other monkeys. The monkeys
are then killed and their spinal
cords examined. If no live virus is
present, the vaccine is pronounced
safe. However, this test requires
about 30 days. And the Public
Health Service, anxious to make
the vaccine available to the public
as soon as possible, has accepted
the manufacturers' tests.
The Cutter Laboratories whose
vaccine is now under special scru-
tiny not only was found guilty of
inadequate sterilization in 1949
but has been the object of nine
other civil suits or "seizures" by
the Food and Drug Administration.
Other drug companies, with the
exception of Parke-Davis, have
not experienced so many seizures.
Parke-Davis has also had nine
civil suits, Eli Lilly two, Pitman-
Moore two, Wyatt three, Sharp and
* * *
ON THE OTHER hand, and in
fairness to the Cutter Laborator-
ies, it should be noted that Ster-
ling-Winthrop, one of the biggest
drug companies-though it's not
making the Salk vaccine-was once
fined $16,000 for getting sleeping
pills mixed up with a potent drug
used to abate fever.
Behind this entire question of
testing and inspecting drugs is a
situation frequently reported by
this column in the past-namely,
the strangulation of the Food and
Drug Administration and the Pub-
lic Health Service by both certain
congressmen and the Eisenhower
Without inspectors, it is impos-
sible for the Food and Drug Ad-
ministration adequately to inspect
drug concerns or food factories.
As pointed out in this column on
July 26 last year, Food and Drug
appropriations have been cut so
low that inspectors are able to in-
spect chicken-processing plants
only once every 12 years.
The Public Health Service, if it
had the funds to send inspectors to
various drug companies, would be
able to check the test of Salk vac-
cine on the spot. In other words,
an inspector could have been pre-
sent when the drug companies
were making their own tests, thus
could have saved an additional 30
days. But the Public Health Serv-
ice has been fighting a desperate
battle against Republican critics
who call it part of the "welfare
MRS. HOBBY herself, head of
the Health, Education and Welfare
Department, even wrote a letter
to Congress in 1953 asking that
additional funds not be voted to
the Public Health Service for can-
cer research, polio, muscular dys-
trophy, heart disease, and other
research. Democratic congression-
al leaders overrode her protest and
voted the research funds anyway.
The Food and Drug Administra-
tion, also under Mrs. Hobby, has
likewise suffered at the hands of
two Republican congressmen, John
Taber of New York and Fred Bus-
bey of Illinois.
(Copyright 1955, by the Bell Syndicate)
Three Mistakes .
To the Editor:
IT IS NECESSARY that three
recent and misleading errors
by the music staff of the Daily be
brought to the attention of the
First of these was the listing of
the appearance of the London
Philharmonic with Herbert von
Karajan as conductor. The Lon-
don Philharmonic will not be in
this country, but rather the Phil-
harmonia Orchestra. These are
two entirely different ensembles.
Second was the announcement
that violinist Jeanne Mitchell
would perform the Schubert 8th
Symphony on the May Festival.
She will do no such thing, the work
is never performed by a violin so-
Thirdly it was reported that
Mitchell and conductor Ormandy
had recorded the work. This is al-
so incorrect. The Philadelphia Or-
chestra has recorded the Sym-
phony, but under the direction of
Dr. Bruno Walter. And obviously
since Mitchell does not perform
the work, she would not have re-
corded it. The work Mitchell will
perform is the 5th violin concerto
The staff should take pains to
maintain a high degree of accur-
acy in coverage of, factual events
in order to save some confusion
among its readers.
Stasheff Answers Television Queries
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Prof. Edward
Stasheff is a member of the Depart-
ment of Speech. In this article he an-
swerseThe Daily's questions concern-
Q: What technical improve-
ments are still needed in the
field of television?
A: ONE IMMEDIATE need is for
Improved reception of color tele-
vision programs on black and
white receivers. At the present, the
effect is soft and fuzzy. In addi-
tion, the cost of color receivers has
to be brought down. Perhaps the
biggest problem is the equipment
of all receivers to receive both VHF
(Very High Frequency) and UHF
(Ultra High Frequency) transmis-
sion. This situation is similar to
the AM-FM problem in radio. At
the present, special antennas and
tuners are needed to receive UHF
channels-channels 14 to 83.
* * *-.
Q: Do you think that televi-
sion drains talent?
A: IT DOES use up both per-
forming and writing talent much
too quickly. The performer burns
up the equivalent of seven years'
work every hour on television. That
is, in vaudeville, a performer could
use the same act for about seven
years n TV he must chance his
TV writers don't seem to be burn-
ing themselves out.
* * *
Q: What are the opportuni-
ties for young people in tele-
A: FOR MEN, the opportunities
are on the production side, start-
ing as camera men and floor man-
agers and working up to directors
and producers. Also, they have
more of an opportunity on small
For women, it is just the oppo-
site. The big opportunities are in
network stations, working as com-
bined executives and secretaries, or
in press relations and casting de-
partments. They also have a good
chance on small stations writing
* * *
Q: To what extent has tele-
vision affected radio, films and
the theater as entertainment
A: THE STRUCTURE of radio
has changed. There are fewer dra-
matic programs, more news and
music which are radio's main-
The advent of television has
made Hollywood turn out better
films but the theater has hardly
cases, the programs are broadcast
in the usual way, but 'scrambled'
by special devices so that only sub-
scribers would be able to receive
Although this system has not
been licensed as yet and is still in
the trial stage, it is a good idea
and would provide competition for
commercial programs, influencing
them to improve the quality of
Q: What are the potentiali-
ties of television as an educa-
A: I THINK that it is poten-
tially the greatest supplement to
education we have-ankd have not
yet learned how to use. However,
TV cannot do everything that is
claimed for it. A teacher still is
needed in the classroom, As an
educational medium, television
may provide a solution to the prob-
lems that will arise in the next 15
years when college enrollment is
expected to be double that of the
present day. Much television in-
struction will be piped into the
classroom on a closed circuit, so
that only specifically designed
classrooms will receive the lecture.
* * *
Little Man On Campus