THE M1t. HMAIN DAILY
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"rm Asking You In A Nice Way"
LOVE GODDESS LANA:
'Prodigal,' 'Miss Julie'
Provide Film Contrasts
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. - ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
THURSDAY, MAY 12, 1955 NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID KAPLAN
BI-PAR TISAN REPORT:
Reciprocal Trade Act
Does Not Further Ike Policy.
ON ITS SURFACE the Reciprocal Trade The State Department has warned that trade
Agreement Act now in a Senate-House with the Communists would be detrimental to
Conference appears to be an excellent bill. our interests as Japan is our mighty bulwark
However, a bi-partisan effort has produced a against further Communist aggression in the
measure which does not further President Far East. Despite this warning, Congress failed
Eisenhower's announced policy of promoting to substantially lower the tariffs affecting
high levels of trade. Japan.,
The Administration experienced difficult
times in pushing the bill through both houses THE' SECOND compromise is a catch-all
of Congress. The House, after a bitter fight, phrase. It provides protection for oil and
approved the bill without any changes. But in other commodity groups by allowing the Presi-
the' Senate Finance Committee a deadlock oc- dent to set quotas on imports deemed threaten-
curred resulting in two compromises which will ing to American industries vital to our "nation-
greatly hinder the act's effectiveness in encour- al security."
aging foreign trade. . This clause of the bill appears to open the
flood gates, for every Jack and Jill in the busi-
THE FIRST compromise provides protection ness world to demand tariff protection in the
for textile and chemical industries by plac- interests of "national security."
ing limitations on tariff reductions of Japanese Many will claim that this watered down
imports. This phase of the act is a slap in the version of the act is the work of old guard
face of a friendly Japanese government which Republicans but such is not the case. Indeed,
has been pleading for lower tariffs. Time after it was supported by a by-partisan group in-
time we have refused to abide her reasonable cluding Southern Democrats who are interested
requests to lessen the high tariff, in protecting their new flourishing textile
'Japan is an industrial nation, and like Eng- industries.
land, she depends upon foreign trade for exist-
ence. Japan has recently given indications that SINCE THE BILL represents a bi-partisan ef-
if the American tariffs are not lowered, she>- fort, it is likely that it will pass in its pres-
must bid for trade with Russia and Red China. ent form. Nevertheless, there is a feeling that
the Administration will attempt to soften the
compromises before the House-Senate Confer-
Silence of IHC, ence gives its final approval.
Lower tariffs and free trade have long been
part of the Democratic Party's platform, but
today the Republican Administration also sup-;
STUDENT GROUPS which "represent" the ports this program one hundred per cent. It
opinion of dormitory residents have been would indeed be ironic if an element of the
conspicuously,silent during the recent show of Democratic Party defeated the act which could
discontent. among their "constituents." lift the American Iron Curtain to free trade,
They are understandably redfaced about the -David S. Brown
outcry against next year's overcrowding in
women's dorms which has come on the heels
of a $50 rate increase. Inter-House Council and American Culture
Assembly Association reluctantly accepted the
room raise on certain conditions. Area Program Noted
Perhaps they were merely facing the reali-
ties of the University's enrollment problem THE ADDITION of two new courses in the
when they chose not to include a provision American Studies Area Program curricu-
against overcrowding in the conditions. Per- lum by the College of Literature, Science and
haps they gained something from their stand. the Arts is an event of which both faculty and
An Assembly Association committee selected student body might well be proud.
the rooms to be converted for the fall semester. In an area program the student concentrates
However, this seems small conciliation to the on a selected part of the world by studying its
women who will be paying more for less space. literature, science, language and government.
Unreasonable as the demands of their con- This alleviates the frequently voiced student
stituents may be (and It is ironic when a complaint that too many corses in one spe-
request for a little bit more room becomes un- cific department are required for concentration.
reasonable) the housing organizations would The literary college is to be commended for
be in a far better bargaining position if they its foresight in offering the new American
had based their original stand on these de- Culture program in addition to those already
mands. established concerning other areas of the world.
-Phyllis Lipsky -Michael Braun
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Malenhov Policy 1vRevuersed
At the State . .
"THE PRODIGAL" is one of those inspirational-type religious spec-
tacles that combine sex and Hollywood hokum. It is, as the ads
read, "the story of woman's beauty and man's temptation"; but it is
also a very bland and cliched film that never quite achieves the excite-
ment it attempts to provoke.
Micah (Edmund Purdom is a very righteous young man who frees
a slave (James Mitchell) belonging to the high priest (Louis Calhern)
' ' .
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(Ptlr S 'TE WACOI IC70 ! POS~r C-
Governors Place Blame on Ike
By DREW PEARSON
THEY KEPT IT to themselves,
but Democratic governors made
an important political decision at
their secret bone session last week.
They agreed to pin the blame on
President Eisenhower personally
for the mistakes of his Administra-
This should mean an end to
Ike's long political immunity,
though Democrats on Capitol Hill
are still nervous about criticizing
him. Democratic governors, how-
ever, will start taking pot shots at
the man in the White House. They
agreed no longer to let him hide
behind his subordinates when un-
popular decisions are made.
The agreement was reached
while an Eisenhower supporter,
Texas Gov. Allan Shivers, sat in
the room. No punches were pulled
because of Shivers, who took it all
in without batting an eye.
* * *
HE OPENED HIS MOUTH only
once during the entire secret meet-
ing, then to suggest where he
thought the Eisenhower Admini-
stration was most vulnerable.
"The farm issue," he remarked,
"is unquestionably the weakest
link in the Eisenhower Admini-
That was Shivers' only contri-
bution, one way or the other, to
the political strategy session.
* * *
DEMOCRATIC N A T IO N A L
Chairman Paul Butler reviewed
with the governors Democratic
gains since the 1952 election.
Based upon the voting trends, he
promised that the Democrats can
capture the 1956 election by win.
ning only one of four key states
-New York, Pennsylvania, Illi-
nois or California.
The governors also grumbled
against Ohio's Gov. Frank Lausche
for high-hatting their private
Democratic meeting. Lausche had
boycotted the session with the
crack that he wouldn't participate
in destroying their host of the
previous night, meaning Eisenhow-
Most of the meeting was devot-
ed to a discussion of finances. But-
ler also promised to supply the
governors with campaign ammu-
nition in the form of fact sheets,
the Democratic Digest, and other
The session ended with the
Democratic governors united as a
powerful force inside the party.
* * *
IF AND WHEN THE SALK vac-
cine inoculations are resumed, as
the Public Health Service expects
them to be, need for Federal super-
vision and control will be all the
This developed during Congres-
sional cross-examination the other
day when Dr. Leonard Scheele,
head of Public Health, and Dr.
Chester A. Keefer, assistant to
Secretary Oveta Culp Hobby, were
sent by Mrs. Hobby to testify be-
fore the House Banking and Cur-
Dr. Scheele in the past was re-
ported as favoring Federal control;
but loyal to his chief, Mrs. Hobby,
he told Congressmen: "Doctors
don't need policemen standing by
Yet in almost the same breath
he highlighted one of the impor-
tant reasons for Federal control-
the limited production of the Salk
vaccine. Another is the newness
of the drug and the need for strict
supervision of its manufacture.
Note: Most practical proposal for
control of Salk vaccine shots so
far comes from the New York Mir-
ror-namely, that Congress put
entire control in the hands of
Basil O'Connor, head of the Polio
(Copyright 1955, by the Bell Syndicate)
of the pagan love goddess Astart
priest's black list and unrelenting-
ly pursued for nearly two hours.
BUT WHEN MICAH gets a look
at the scantily clad high priestess
(Lana Turner)' he quickly suc-
cumbs to her charms. In fact he
leaves dad and the old farm to
follow her to sinful Damascus,
where the nasty high priest is
awaiting his prey,
In short order, Micah is dis-
owned by dad, loses his fortune, is
made a slave, thrown into prison,
dumped in the local vulture pit,
and finally leads the city rabble
against the palace.
Throughout all of this messy
business, Miss Turner, who wears
15 bare-backed and bare-buttock-
ed gowns, just walks around the
MISS TURNER'S most emotion-
al scene occurs when she puts off
Micah because he will not con-
tribute a pearl to Astarte's jewelry
box. Looking over the internation-
al girls on the human wheel of for-
tune, she murmers, "Did you notice
how superb are the haunches of
the Grecian woman?" Micah gets
Calhern, as the high priest,
wears only one earring for the first
hour and two during thte film's
remainder, while' his power in-
Despite its highly publicied love
temple, vulture pit, human wheel
of fortune, love garden and scarlet
wall, "The Prodigal" is neither
very spectacular nor interesting.
At SL Cinema Guild.. ..
AUGUST STRINDBERG'S "Miss
Julie" is the story of a noble-
man's daughter living on an es-
tate in the Swedish countryside of
1888. The film begins with Julie's
desperate advances to a husky,
mustached valet on Midsummer's
Night during the yearly Maypole
celebration of the return of spring.
It continues through the night,
leading to the inevitable and fear-
The theme of the film is Julie's
need and hate for love, its reason
and result. Portrayed in flashbacks,
her childhood makes the outcome
believable and necessary.
The film has the rare and deli-
cate quality of expressing truth in
nature and emotion un-selfcon-
sciously and beautifully. Julie's
need is shown symbolically and
actually by trees and by animal.
That of the valet is shown by a
serving girl and a lie.
The emotional pitch is presented
and sustained in the constant
movement and rush of the camera
as it follows horses and people
through trees and shrubbery to
the music of trembling brass. The
human beings are not in control.
As Julie, Anita Bjork is inno-
cence, coldness and hopeless pas-.
sion. Jean, the valet, is well han-
dled, with egotism and life, by Ulf
THE SPRING Generation is one
of the more interesting issues
of the magazine. In addition to
its usual contents of literature and
art, it contains a short three-act
play, "A Shadow That Passes."
The drama by Leonard Green-
baum concerns two widowed sis-
ters who live strictly and some-
what hypocritically together. It
can best be called a "mood" drama,
and a somber, almost gloomy at-
mosphere successfully pervades the
* * *
THE FIRST ACT, in which the
sisters are first drawn, is very
good. But the following acts are
not on this level. The shadow that
passes is, for the sisters, both a
man and death as one. Though
the conclusion is good, action im-
mediately leading up to it is some-
"Not a Litany, Not a Blues," a
short story by Henry Van Dyke,
is well done with an ending that
is sure to cause the raising of
many an eyebrow.
* * *
NANCY WILLARD'S "The King-
dom Where Nobody Dies." Dart of
. For this, he is put on the high
(Continued from Page 2)
Scenes, From Opera, presented by the
Opera Classes, Joseph Blatt, director.
Nafe Katter, stage director, Thurs. and
Fri., May 12, 13, 8:30, Auditorium A, An-
gell Hall. Open to the public without
Carillon Recital by Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur, 7:15 p.m. Thur,
The New York Philharmonic-Sympho-
ny Orchestra, with Dimitri Mitropoulos,
Conductor, will give the last concert in
the current Choral Union Series, on
Sunday afternoon, May 22, at 2:30, In
Hill Auditorium. A very limited num-
ber of tickets (mostly in the lowest
prices) are available at the offices of
the University Musical Society in Bur-
ton Memorial Tower.
University Lecture. Dr. Raymond
Firth, Professor of Social Anthropology,
London School of Economics, will lec-
ture on "Technology and Society in
Underdevelopedf Countries" in Audi.
torium B, Angell Hall, Thurs., May 12,
at 4:10 p.m., under the auspices of the
Department of Anthropology. Open to
University Lecture under the joint
sponsorship of the Chemistry Deprt-
ment and the University of Michigan
Section of the American Chemical So-
ciety. Fri., May 13 at 8:00 p.m. in Room
1300 Chemistry. Dr. I. M. Kothoff, Pro-
fessor of Analytical Chemistry at the
University of Minnesota, will speak on
Lecture Series sponsored by Depart-
ment of Geology. Dr. Allan F. Wilson,
professor of petrology and mineralogy,
University' of Western Australia, Ned-
lands, Australia. Thurs., May 12, 4:10
p.m., Room 2054 Natural Science Bldg.
"Austraalan Ore Deposits."
Discussion on Education sponsored by
graduate students of Westminster Fel-
lowship and. Ltheran Student Associa-.
tion. Thurs., May 12, 9:00 p.m., Pres.
byterian Church. Resource people: Har-
old Haugh, Gene Maybee, and Prof.
Frank Huntley. Refreshments at 10:30.
Westminster Student Fellowship spon-
sors mid-week vespers in the Sanctuary
of the Presbyterian Church, Thurs., May
12, 5:10-5:35 p~m.
Christian Science Organization Testi,
monial Meeting, 7:30 p.m. Thurs., Up-
per Room, Lane Hal.
j:international centerTea. Thurs., 4:30-
6:00 p.m. Rackham Building.
Sailing Club. Meeting Thurs., at 7:45
p.m. in 311 W. Eng.
La P'tite Causette will meet Thurs.,
May 12, from 3:30 - 5:00 p.m. in the
left room of the Union cafeteria.
Episcopal Student Foundation. Stu-
dent Breakfast at Canterbury House,
Thurs., May 12, after the 7:00 a.m. Holy
Congregational - Disciples G uil d.
Thurs., May 12, 5:00-5:30 p.m., Mid-week
Meditation in Douglas Chapel,
WCBN-East Quadrangle staff meeting
Thurs., May 12 in Hinsdale study hall
at 7:15 p.m. Election of officers. Atten-
dance Is required.
Meeting to activate the Circolo Ital.
lano (Italian Club) in Room 108, Ro-
mance Languages Building Thurs., May
12, at 3:00 p.m. Vote on a proposed con-
stitution for the organization, elect of-
ficers for the 1955-56 academic year,
and discuss plans and activities for next
The Orthodox Students Guild will
hold its last meeting of the semester on
Thurs., Mayr12 at 7:30 p.m. In the
downstairs room of Lane Hall. Offi-
cers will be elected for the coming
year. Square dancing and refreshment.
Anthropology Club Meeting. Thurg.,
May 12, West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Building. Business Meeting, 7:30;
Lecture by Dr. Raymond Firth, Profes-
sor of Anthropology, London School of
Economics, at 8:00 p.m. Dr. Firth will
speak on some theoretical aspects of
his recent field work in Tikopia. Re-
Hawaii Club Picnic at Kensington
Park on May 14. Meet in front of Rack-
ham at 1:00 p.m. This is the last activi-
ty of the year. Elections will be held.
Episcopal Student Foundation. All
those going to the SRA-Interguiid
Planning Conference, Fridiy, May 13,
will meet at Canterbury House at 4:30
p.m. Program Friday evening will be
at Judson Collins Camp.
Hillel: Friday, 7:15 p.m. Traditional
and liberal services followed, by an Oneg
Shabbat, Services conducted by Alpha
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
AP Foreign Correspondent
THE PARTY, above all, in all things.
That, in substance, is the current Communist
party line for the satellite states of Europe, as
directed by Moscow.
It means the "new oourse" sponsored by the
deposed Soviet Premier Georgi M. Malenkov not
only has ground to a halt but is being steadily
reversed to fit the old Stalinist way of life.
IT MEANS, for example, that:
An average worker in Poland will have to re-
sign himself for a long time to working 140
hours for a woolen shirt, 100 hours for a pair of
leather shoes, or 12 hours for a pound of butter.
In Bulgaria it will continue to take two to
three months' wages for the average worker to
buy a suit, and in slightly better off Hungary,
about six weeks.
In Czechoslovakia, conditions are better. But
it will still take four days' pay to buy a pair of
shoes, a full day's pay for a pound of butter,
and more than a month's average income to buy
The Daily Staff
Eugene Hartwig_,..................Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers..,........................City Editor
Jon Sobeloff.......................Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs....................Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad. .........................Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart......................Associate Editor
Dave Livingston..,..........Sports Editor
Manley Gurwin...............Associate Sports Editor
Warren Wertheimer...........Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimovitz... ....................Women's Editor
Janet Smith...............Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel....................Chief Photographer
Lois Pollak........................Business Manager
Phil Brunskill..............Associate Business Manager
a small radio set. Czechoslovak quality, once a
proud boast of that country, is worsening daily.
THE DEMAND from Moscow, transmitted to
all the satellites, is for "party discipline."
That means no, straying from the current
line so long as those in control of the Kremlin
retain power enough to dictate the line.
Under the Soviet whip, all the satellite coun-
tries have been obliged once again to concen-
trate their major attention on producing for
the equivalent of a war economy. Moscow has
announced that the "main task" is a "further
rise in heavy industry to form a solid base . .
for the inviolable defense potential of social-
The Soviet grip on the satellites is tight-
ening. All the captive countries' economies are
being geared to integration with the economy
of the Soviet Union. The ultimate aim is a
self-sufficient bloc of countries supplying onej
another's needs and markets under Soviet di-
THE MOSCOW APPROACH, however, has
been cautious. While the Kremlin experi-
mented gingerly with a new course envisioning
more for the consumer public, the people of
some of the satellites enjoyed some brief con-
cessions. What they gained they will be reluc-
tant to give up to the latest Moscow party line
directives, and this is particularly true of Hun-
In most satellite cities there are long lines
for scarce meat, milk or butter. In some areas of
Poland meat is sold only on Friday. Poland is
a Roman Catholic country.
The resistance to the Communists and the
Russians is, for the most part, passive. There is
no real organized resistance. There could
scarcely be one in a country where a man's own
son could be a party spy.
N w Books at the Library
Typical Fears ? . ,
To the Editor:
AM a typical American college
student, who has had a typical
American education. The most sig-
nificant thing about my education
is its typicality, and I have always
been proud of this significance and
what it implies.
Throughout my schooling, I have
been taught andyretaught theim-
portance of my American heritage,
the magnificance of our way of
life-and because this is typical, I
know that I have not been alone
in learning these things. I know
also that because I am proud of
what I have learned and because I
am typical, others are proud also.
But there is one thing that wor-
ries me. My pride is no longer a
pure emotion, rather it is general-
Little Man On Campus
ly mixed with another emotion,
an even stranger one-fear. And
because I am afraid, and because
I am typical, others must also be
I am afraid of what I see-the
cdiscrepancy of what I've learned
should be with what I know exists.
And, I wonder if it's really pos-
sible that my typical education
neglected to give me a valid pic-
ture, and if so, is it possible that
this is typical?
Is it possible that others also
learned of the strength of an
ideal, that because of its purity,
could hold its own against any
other, who when they look about
them, see that this ideal is becom-
ing just that-an ideal-not some-
thing real, concrete.
Each time I hear or read of an-
other professor who has been ask-
ed to resign, of another book that
has been banned, of another man
who has lost his job for "security"
reasons, I shudder.
I am not writing this to appeal
or to protest--my feelings are far
pore subtle, if there is any subtle-
ty in quiet rage. I am merely
writing to show to those who are
interested, what exactly is hap-
pening to the state of mind of
American youth, because I am typ-
* - * *
A New Honorary .. .
To the Editor:
WITH THE recent initiatory ex-
hibitions o ncampus I note
that the intellectual fervor of the
student body has reached an all-
time high. The novel escapades of
the initiates (urged on both by
their superiors and forthcoming
employment interviewers intent on
finding well-rounded -personali-
ties) is truly stirring to those of
us less fortunate than thev insi eal
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