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VOL. LXV, No. 148 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1955
L'AVARE-Students rehearse for Le Cercle Francais' production
of Moliere's play. The five-act comedy, to be staged at 8 p.m. to-
day in the original language, will be given at Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater. It Is one of the most often-staged plays in France.
By LEE MARKS
Pending final approval by the houses, Fraternity Marketing As-
sociation now has a cqnstitution ready to be okayed by Student
Fraternity stewards will meet next Wednesday to discuss the
cooperative buying plan.
Reporting on progress of FMA at Fraternity President's Assem-
bly yesterday, Bob Knutson, '56, Interfraternity Council executive
vice-president, said incorporation proceedings were already underway.
Similar to OSU
IFC hopes to initiate a program of cooperative buying similar to
that of Ohio State which reportedly saved fraternities $125,000 last
Knutson told the President's Assembly the second one-month trial
Kohler Says He'll,
WASHINGTON (P)-State gov-
ernors argued over the highway
problem yesterday and some bi-
partisan support lined up behind
the Administration's multi-billion
dollar road building plan.
Gov. Walter J. Kohler of Wis-
consin, chairman of the gover-
nors' highway committee, told re-
porters he intends to continue a
"no compromise" fight for the
plan before a House Public Roads
However, there is some opposi-
tion among the governors.
Governors Averell Harriman of
New York and George M. Leader
of Pennsylvania, for example, have
found some fault with the finan-
cial features of the administra-
The chief executives of 45 states
were in the final day of a two-day.
meeting, called by President Ei-
senhower, for briefings by top
government officials on major
foreign and domestic policies and
Highways, education and polio
vaccine were under discussion
The Administration- highway
plan is a center of controversy
on Capitol Hill-much of it foc-
using on a proposal to use bonds
to raise much of the money.
A Senate subcommittee headed
by Sen. Gore (D-Tenn.) has ap-
proved a rival bill by the Tennes-
sean to finance highway construc-
tion through regular appropria-
tions. It calls for boosting the
two-cent federal gasoline tax to
three cents a gallon.
Gov. William G. Stratton of Il-
linois called Gore's measure "com-
NEW YORK UP) - Roger M.
Blough, 51-year-old attorney, was
named yesterday to succeed Ben-
jamin F. Fairless as chairman of
United States Steel Corp., the
world's number one steel produc-
Argentina Speeds Action To Abolish
Catholicism as Official Religion
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (LP) - Political forces supporting
President Juan D. Peron have prepared the way for quick congression-
al action to cut the ties between the state and the Roman Catholic
As congressional moves for separation shaped up, the Catholic
hierarchy denied again it is interfering in Argentine politics as charg-
ed by Peron.
Calls Church Stealthy
The Catholic Episcopate, composed of the country's cardinals, arch-
bishops and bishops, published Monday night a letter sent to Catholic
action societies. It said:
"The church not only has not pretended to enter the purely tem-
poral and strictly political domain of party conflict, but also has tak-
on all means and precautions to>
avoid even the appearance of it in
activities of Catholicaction."* illeno
Separation of state and church,
thus abolishing privileges Roman
Catholicism enjoys as the official
religion in Argentina, will takea
some time because it requires
amendment of the constitution.
Bt starting Wednesday, Con- y
gress is ready to call an election
for a constitutional assembly which
would make the chaes. h SAIGON, South Viet Nam (P)-}
would maketheA cagnsral of the Ca D.n ( rpli g
Camp Gets Face-Lifti
g Will supply
} Aid to Korea,
v Nationalists Also
Will Get Money
WASHINGTON UP) - The ad-
ministration was disclosed yester-
day to be planning to give nearly a
billion dollars worth of new mil-
' F tary aid to Korea, Indochina and
the Chinese on Formosa.
'h Sen.Lyndon Johnson of Texas,
=> the Senate majority leader, re-
vealed the figures following a
White House conference which he
described as "helpful and hope
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
and other administration leaders
talked for an hour and 40 minutes
ih 29 k ey Congres members
a prelude to congressional consid-
eration of the President's 31/2 bil-
lion dollar foreign aid program.
Most For Military Funds -
The bill carries $1,717,000,000
for military aid funds, $712,500,-
000 for economic aid and another
billion for defense support pay-
ments to free countries around the
pledges It had been previously 4is-
Camp. closed about two-thirds of the to-
hel, the tal would be set aside for Asiatic
id Gene countries. However, there has been
g Lake no breakdown, prior to the partial
one Sen. Johnson reported Tues-
Sen. Johnson said the admini-
stration plans to give 452 million
dollars in military aid to Korea,
The next largest slices of miltary
aid would be 417% million for In-
and 99 million for theChinese Na-
tionalists on Formosa.
atus have For July, 1955
ses of the All the money in the bill would
be for the fiscal, year beginning
Is are still July 1.
oximately Chairman George (Dem.-Ga.)
of the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, which will take up the
from the bill Wednesday, told reporters:
Zahn, 29 "There is no question but that it
will get through-in what form, I
nt wheth- don't know."
Dmmented A Senate Foreign Relations
as' offered Committee spokesman later sup-
plemented Sen. Johnson's report
by saying the amounts he men-
tioned do not include the actual
1 "hardware". of military aid, such
as tanks, planes and guns.
i fire. Such things, he said, are in-
he heels cluded in a $1,400,000,000 subto-
st night tal of President Eisenhower's 3%
n struck billion dollar total aid program.
The $1,400,000,000 is for nations
Depart- around the world, Europe as well
period was well underway with 22
fraternities participating in the -
plan on a limited basis.
By drawing up a comprehensive
list of food items, signing contracts
and taking orders this spring,
Knutson declared, "We will be
able to have a cooperative buying
program in full swing when we
come back next fall."
Lack of Cooperation
William Zerman, assistant to the
cean, pointed out coop buying
plans have been tried before. Lack
of full fraternity cooperation, Zer-
man claimed, has been a key fac-
tor in previous failures.
Praising the work of men con-J
nected with the present' set-up,
Zerman urged fraternities to sup-
port FMA in the face of possible4
attempts by wholesalers to sabo-
tage the plan.
With one dissenting vote, the c
President's Assembly last night Vf
amended their constitution to give
the Dean of Men a vote on the
Prior to the amendment, the n
Dean was a non-voting representa-
M The Assembly unanimously vot- t
ed to support and sponsor, along
with Interhouse Council, Panhel-
lenic Assembly and Assembly As- c
sociation, Books for Asia Drive.
One representative from each i
'fraternity will collect used text- e
books from May 10-12.o
Books collected by the four t]
housing groups, along with 1500 c
4ooks donated by University Li- p
brary, will be sent to Asia, accord- c
ing to IFC President Bob Wein-
Joint Judiciary Council peti-
tions can be obtained today.
The petitions may be obtain-
ed at 1020 Administration Bldg.
and are due there by 1 p.m. Fri-
day, May 13.
Five positions of one year
each will be filled. Students
with no less than 60 credit
hours are eligible.
Follin Says Slums Are
One Cause of .Disease
Elimination of city and urban blight is a factor in the complete
control of many of the nation's major deseases, Commissioner James
W: Follin of the Urban Renewal Administration said today.
Follin spoke at Sundwall Memorial lecture at the University of
Michigan's Public Health Assemblies.
"Slums have a persistent evil effect on human health," the com-
missioner said. Follin cited the experience of one city which dis-
overed that the pneumonia death rate in a slum area was three
imes the rate in good residential sections.
Mortality Rates Higher
Infancy mortality rates was six times as high; and the tuber-
ulosis rate ten-and-one-half times greater.
3 Forces Back Peron j
Three forces backing Peron -
General Confederation of Labor
(CGT), the Men's Peronista par-
tay and the Women's Peronista
party-are on record as favoring a
formal break with the church.
The Peronista party controls all
seats in the Argentine Senate and
all but 12 of the 155 seats in the
House of Deputies.
' France anGd
SPARIS W~)-- France and the
Saar yesterday signed a conven-
tion putting their economic union
on a new basis and further clear-
ing the road for West Germany's
entrance into NATO
The agreements comprise a se-
ries of bulky documents includ-
ing several protocols and annexes.
The signingat the Foreign Minis-
try followed final settlement of
the Saar question by West Ger-
man Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
and French Foreign Minister An-
toine Pinay over the weekend.
The agreements p r e s e r v e
French-Saar customs and mone-
tary union and in general put
France in control of key sectors
of the Saar's economy. The Saar,
frontier region between France
and Germany, is rich in coal and
The signing cleared the last bar-
rier to depositing in Bonn France's
ratification of the Paris agree-
ments to free and rearm West
Germany. That will be done
1e. o i',; aal e gious
sect was shot dead last night while
leading his private army alongside
Nationalist troops against retreat-
ing Binh Xuyen rebels with whom
he once was allied.
Bullets spewed from an armor-
ed motorboat by Binh Xuyen com-
mandos felled General Trinh Minh
The, a handsome young officer
who in recent weeks has stalwartly
supported Premier Ngo Dinh Diem
in efforts to restore order and
unity to South Viet Nam.
The ironic end of Gen. The
(pronounced Tay) came as he wasj
crossing a canal bridge in the
Khanh Hoi region southwest of
Saigon, a marshy triangle enclos-
ed by canals that was believed to
have been cleared of the rebels:
Cao Dai Had Joined Fight
Defense Secretary Tran Trung
Dung had announced only a few
hours earlier that four of Gen-
eral The's black-clad battalions-
perhaps 2,400 men-had joined
with government forces in a final
drive against the Binh Xuyen.
This was taken as another sign
of Diem's growing strength in the
face of rebellion and the displeas-
ure of Chief of State Bao Dai.
GeneralnThe was prominent in
the National Revolutionary Com-
mittee which Saturday declared
Bao Dai deposed-an action ex-
pected to be confirmed Wednesday
in a national congress convoked
Withdrew From United Front
The Cao Dai general withdrew
in March from the united front
of opposition to Diem which had
been formed by the Binh Xuyen,
the Cao Dai and the Hoa Hao
He had insisted that the united
front avoid armed conflict with
the government and had been ig-
nored by Gen. Le Van Vien, com-
mander of the Binh Xuyen army.
NEWLY INITIATED SORORITY COEDS and fraternity
participate in cleaning up the University's Fresh Air
Under the 4ponsorship of the Junior IFC and Junior Pan
Project will last all week. Above, Lynn Wassberg, '57, an
Honeyman, '58, paint the side of a cabin overlookin
Cause of Liquor Store
Fire Still Undetermin
Faulty electrical wiring and defective heating apparE
been ruled out by fire department officials as possible cau,
fire at the State Liquor Store, 113 Huron St., Monday.
Fire Chief Ernest Heller stated that city and state official
investigating the origin of the blaze which destroyed appr
$150,000 worth of stock.
All six firemen injured in the blaze have been released
hospital. Five were dismissed late Monday night. Benjamin
years old, was sent home yesterday.
City Council passed a resolution asking the Departmer
er they had enough oxygen equipment. Fire Chief Heller c
,that "any man that entered the store during the blaze wf
the use of oxygen equipment."
"Some of the men refused to use
it though," he continued. "We had
no idea of the effect of the alcohol
on the flames. This fire had the
largest incidence of smoke poison-
ing that I can remember."
Chief Heller stated that in ad-
dition to four selfcontained masks,
eight all-service type and a fresh
air mask, all belonging to the de-
partment, private f i r m s had
rushed additional equipment to the
There were approximately 50
men fighting the fire including
volunteers. No more than eight
were in the building at one time.
The store will re-open in four or
five weeks, according to storeman-
ager Jack McDermott. State liquor
stores in Howell, Livonia, Monroe
and Inkster will supply Washtenaw
County retail stores in the inter-
im, McDermott said.
Of food and drink an
Following closely on C
of a "liqjuor" blaze, las
at 800 Lincoln St.
At 7:03 p.m. the Fire
ment received a call f
Sigma Alpha Mu fi
house, and upon rushinj
scene, discovered the
The fire had been ca
grease on the stove,a
alarm sent in by an ale
en aid, who later put itc
an extinguisher in th
g to the
A University librarian died yes-
terday morning at University Hos-
pital after a lingering illness.
Helen A. Wolter, chief di-
visional librarian in charge of the
medical library had been on the
staff of the medical library since
Miss Wolter assisted in plans for
the new medical library of the
University which is scheduled for
completion in September. She was
a member of the Medical Library
Bachelor's from 'U' in '27
The librarian was born in De-
Slums also incubate a fisca
ntolerable, he said. "In one south-,
rn city, .slum areas contributed
nly five and one-half per cent of
the city's real property taxes, but
ost 53 per cent of the city's health
police, fire and other service
20 Million Houses Need Fixing
Of the 40 million non-farm
[wellings in the United States, 20
million are in immediate need of
Tome kind of urban renewal ac-
ion, Follin said. Of these, five
million are so badly deteriorated
hat they can only be demolished.
"Private enterprise is increas-
mgly alert to the opportunities
ffered them by urban renewal,"
he said. "However, except in rare
nstances, private enterprise can-
.ot do the job alone."
Outlining the federal role in
ruban renewal, Fallin reviewed the
everal financial aids available to
yommittees that are prepared to
face up" to their total problems
f slums and urban blight. The
154 Housing Act, he said, has,
or the first time in our history,
iven us the complete and uni-
led tools for urban renewal.
'War on Blight'
Subscription payments for
The Daily are due now.
Failure to pay may result in
withholding of credits.
Alpha OmegaAcquiresAscetic Alligator
By MICHAEL BRAUN
Alleybaum is an ascetic.
He won't eat.
He won't sleep.
All he does is contemplate.
The brethern of Alpha Omega
fraternity are up in arms.
Alleybaum is an apathetic alli-
He shares a room at the house
with Loren Daniels '57D, Ted Har.
rison ibD and Bruce Billes '55D.
But he doesn't pay dues, go out on
dates or even come down to din-
Alrybaum came to Ann Aibor
as the result cf a bet.
Harrison was going to Florida
illness that is
ger, Handle With Care."
When they opened the box there
was the "danger." Two feet long
The men agreed that Harrison
had won the bet.
Butawhat were they to do with
A special box was constructed
for the beastie by Jason and Con-
rad Crawcour who the men say,
work at the house.
He wouldn't touch anything.
They tempted him with flies. No
go. Alleybaum was appetiteless.
The brothers, trying to get Al-
lc'vhnanmi,-, T nr .PnA 4... lifn.. 4-,...i.
Richard Pinkerton, '55, was cho-
sen senior class speaker for com-
mencement exercises Saturday,
Pinkerton was chosen from
among five senior finalists, John
Baity, Rhea Kantner, George Rid-
dell and Robert Richardson.
A member of Phi Gamma Delta
fraternity, Pinkerton is retiring
executive secretary of the Michi-
gan Union. The economics, pre-
law major was chosen for Sphinx,
junior men's honorary, Scabbard
and Blade, national military hon-
orary and Arnold Air Society,
Pinkerton commented on his se-
lection, "I consider this honor the
By The Associated Press
Red Defense .. .
WASHINGTON - Admiral Ar-
thur W. Radford, fresh from a trip
to Formosa, said yesterday there
is -no question" the ChineseReds
are building up their air strength
on the mainland opposite the is-
LANSING - The Senate Ap-
propriations Committee today in-
troduced $55,597,577 bill for opera-
tion of state educational institu-
tions and $13,517,058 for institu-
Gov. G. Mennen Williams had
asked the legislature for 36 million
dollars for construction and 57
millions for operations of the col-
The college operating budget
bill compares with $55,420,000 this
The committee proposed for op-
University of Michigan - 23
million dollars, compared to this
year's expenditures of $21,052,000.