THE MICIA16AA DAILY
SUNDAY, MAY 2, 1953
PAGE FOUR 'IliE MIt3liuAiAN JiAIIA SUNDAY. MAY 1. 1955
v+.+. .a. . as.u.a.+r. .+. +vwv
NEED INCREASED STAFFS:
Lack of Funds Hampers
Mental Illness Care
THE NUMBER of people suffering from men-
tal illnesses is increasing y early. Often
their minor difficulties become worse because
they cannot receive help. Mental hospitals, not
only in Michigan, but in other states as well,
are overcrowded and understaffed.
Hospitals these days take the "more serious"
cases, serious in their opinion or in the opin-
ion of a court. While there may always be room
for one more, the individual who comes into a
hospital voluntarily is seldom received. And
when a patient does enter a hospital, not
enough individual care can be given him.
A recent visit to Ypsilanti State Hospital bore
this out well. Though hardly equipped for so
many,.the hospital has over 4,100 patients. On-
ly 23 psychiatrists and psychologists are pre-
sent there. Therapy consists more of shock
treatments and drugs than individual therapy
between patient and doctor.
It is not Ypsilanti State Hospital's fault ex-
actly. They get just so much money from the
state and are limited as to what they can do
with their budget. As a state hospital, there
are many patients they cannot turn down;
hence, marked overcrowding.
THE HOSPITAL does seem to try its best.
The grounds are well kept, the rooms clean,
the buildings well lighted, recreation facilities,
and so on. There is Occupational Therapy
where patients may work at various trades, but
because of regimentation, work must stop at
3:30 p.m. All the patients must be back in
their rooms before supper begins.
The hospital's number of children is also
rising. "Too much noise" was reasoned as put-
ting them in a not-too-cheerful basement of
one of the housing units.
It all comes down to insufficient funds. This
limits possibilities for both staff and building
expansion. While a new building is built once
in a while, the wards are full; the complete
staff (including administrative) numbers about
a thousand. There can obviously be little in-
dividual help or care.
WHEN POLIO fighter Jonas Salk was asked
what field he thought needed the most
attention now, he agreed with many in recom-
mending turning to the mental health field.
Many advances have been made recently, most
of them with new drugs; not all drugs work,
and research on their effects is continuing.
But research takes money. Hospitals need
more money to improve their present facilities
and to expand. Larger staffs are necessary for
nearly all hospitals, but when their budgets
do not allow more people, it sometimes becomes
mandatory for a doctor to have an outside
practice for supplementary income.
If the only solution is federal aid to state
hospital budgets, it should be begun. In any
case, more funds must be appropriated and
"I Weep For You," The Walrus Said: "I Deeply
With Sobs And Tears He Sorted Out Those Of The
Holding His Pocket-Handkerchief Before His
LETTES T THE EDITrfOR
Rearming west Germany
Will Have Psychological Value
DUTCH APPROVAL of the Paris treaties
Thursday must have caused twinges in
the stomachs of many Russian World War II
Memories of the zealous grey-clad Wehr-
macht are far from pretty in the Russian mind.
It would seem that German rearmament adds.
a tremendous psychological advantage to the
West, as well as the physical advantage of a
rich and populous ally.
But it must be the Russians do not realize
that a myth has been shattered.
The rise of the German nation under the
Hohenzollerns was coupled with big military
successes. In the past fifty years, Germany
twice has developed the most powerful land
army of the world. Out of this grew the myth
that Germans are inherently militaristic.
STRANGELY ENOUGH, 17th and 18th cen-
tury Germans were considered idealistic
dreamers, good only for poetry and philosophy.
The German will never be a warrior, it was
said. He's a sentimentalist.
The reason for this opinion of the Germany
of those days was due to the Thirty Years War.
Germany had been used as the battleground
for a religious and civil war. The population
had been more than decimated, and the wealth
of the land had been burned out. What else
could the Germans be but idealists? Reality
would have driven the nation insane.
BUT IN RECENT decades, it is the world wars
that have had an effect on the mental at-
titute of the people..
Nonetheless German youth today doesn't
want to be soldiers. No amount of American
propaganda could rekindle the fire of militar-
ism in the West German. Memories of the 19-
40's are still fresh, and the German of the
1950's has no urge to conquer anything.
They will put on uniforms, and carry wea-
pons, but not with the fire of the last decade.
If it comes to war, they'll fight. But their
fighting will be done with reserve and intelli-
gent awareness of the soldier as an individual.
The Nazi submersion to the state will be
lacking. The ideal of war as something holy is
gone now. It probably won't return to Germany
for some time.
BUT REPUTATION lingers on. Russia fears
the Germany of the past. It fears a Ger-
many filled with the holy fire of war. The fire
is out, but if the Russians don't know that, it
won't hurt us.
The West knows what it wants from Ger-
many. East of the Rhine lie many miles of buf-
fer zone, and the Ruhr valley, not to mention
many thousands of rifle-toters.
But if there is a certain measure of psycho-
logical value left in the idea of a rearmed Ger-
many, so much the better.
To the Editor:
HAVING WRITTEN unfavorable
reviews of the previous four
Speech Department productions of
student-written plays, I would like
to call attention to what I thought
was the great merit of their cur-
rent play, James Harvey's "The
Clugstone Inheritance." It seemed
to me a very well-paced, well-plot-
ted drama, absent of contrivance.
The direction was nicely toned and
the level of the acting uniformly
Maybe this indicates that the
duty of producing student plays
which the Speech Department un-
dertook several years ago pays off
once in a while anyway. One out
of five is not such a bad average
in these precarious all-amateur
endeavors. It was a good way to
top off a pretty good season.
Views Not His .. .
To the Editor:
IN THE April 28th issue of The
Daily there appeared a letter
purportedly written to me. The
letter was in fact written by Herb
Brown of the Law School and the
views expressed therein must,
therefore, be taken to be his own.
I had no knowledge of, nor do I
agree with, any of the contents of
Your publication of this ex-
planatory letter will be much ap-
-Edward J. Pastucha
A Proper Gentleman . .
To the Editor:
IF OUR founding fathers were to
visit Michigan they would no
doubt be impressed with our huge
library, the marvelous structure of
our educational machine that
grinds out geniuses, the lively po-
litical discussions and our football
Just at the moment they started
to congratulate themselves for '
foreseeing that man would not de-
generate if he had his freedom, a
coed would pass by wearing Ber-
muda shorts. Then our fathers
would wonder what freedom had
done to women's attire. They
would ask why self-respecting fa-
thers would allow their sons to
enter a place like the Michigan
League where, under the guise of
wearing the latest Bermuda shorts,
girls blatantly display those deli-
cate parts of the body that a mod-
est lad should be ashamed to see.
This would account, they would
say, that in sp:ing young men no
longer, as our fathers did, lie on
the grass and read Romeo and Ju-
liet; but rather go to the League,
watch girls and read Mickey Spil-
They would sympathize with the
few remaining proper gentlemen
like me who can find no other
place, to study but the Michigan
-Willie B. Hackett
Unapathetic -Antics . .
To the Editor:
HAVE JUST returned from a few
hours of marching and sing-
ing from one end of mid-campus
to the other, and was delighted
to read Mr. Baad's editorial. Al-
though many of our student pop-
ulation may have thought the
Freshmen coeds to be a bit too
enthusiastic, may we offer our an-
tics as proof of the fact that
apathy may soon be a descriptive
word of the past on this campus.
I would like to publicly thank
advisor Bev Alexander and every
freshman coed who helped to make
our Frosh Weekend one that we're
sure everyone will remember for
quite some time to come. Our
thanks too to all the English pro-
fessors who expressed approval of
our faux pas title, and our apolo-
gies to the library staff and other
faculty members who were con-
fronted with the problem of teach-
ing words of wisdom over the
clamor and din which we created
the past two weeks. It must be
admitted however, that we enjoyed
every moment of it.
Publicity Chairman, Blue Team
of Frosh Weekend
WASHINGTON-One of the big-
gest "gravy trains" in Wash-
ington is airborne and it doesn't
put out a timetable. It is known as
SAM, an abbreviation of the Spe-
cial Air Mission of the Air Force,
which flies the very important per-
sons (VIP's) from Congress and
the Cabinet anyplace they want to
Moreover, it flies them without
When GOP Sen. Barry Gold-
water of Arizona wanted to go
home for the recent Easter holi-
days, he didn't have to spend any
time or money reserving a seat on
a regular, commercial airliner.
SAM flew him to Phoenix and back
again to Washington in plush
Flying VIP's include everybody
considered "important" enough to
rate a free trip in a government
plane, ranging from mayors to
governors, entertainment celebrit-
ies, news reporters, members of
Congress and Cabinet officers. The
flights occasionally are for "offi-
cial business," but more often than
not they are provided for some
Washington bigwig who is too
tight to pay commercial airline
r - -
CONGRESS IS the chief benefi-
ciary of this junketing service,
though not all members are as
ready to free load as Senator Gold-
water. If a Senator or Represen-
tative wants to spend a week end
in his district, or perhaps take his
wife to a vacation resort, all he
has to do is call SAM.
The Air Force has a number of
SAM stations scattered through-
out the country for the conveni-
ence of VIP's-at Bolling Field in
Washington, Pope Field, North
Carolina; Brooks Field, Texas;
Hamilton Field, California, and
Fifth Army Headquarters, Chicago.
In fact, operation VIP has be-
come one of the major peacetime
missions of the Air Force and runs
into millions of dollars. But don't
try to hitch a ride with SAM un-
less you happen to be a very im-
portant person. That elite cate-
gory doesn't take in average tax-
payers, who merely foot the bill.
* r .
IT'S UNHEARD OF for the pub-
lic to get a special Presidential re-
port ahead of the President him-
self. Yet that's exactly what hap-
pened in connection with the con-
troversial Cabinet Report on
It demonstrates the lengths of
Ike's subordinates will go to make
him appear aloof from political
controversy. The report, heavily
weighted in favor of the railroads,
was delivered to the Press by Sec-
retary of CommercenS i n c 1a i r
Weeks, who took pains to stress
that the President has not seen it.
Thus, if the pro-railroad recom-
mendations are too raw for the
public to digest, Ike can blandly
disassociate himself from the re-
port. He can remain aloof from all
criticism and let the Cabinet com-
mittee take the blame.
* * *
YET THE INSIDE story is that
the President, himself, personally
turned over a pro-railroad docu-
ment to his aides and ordered them
to study it. This column revealed
last October how genial Bill Far-
icy, effective head of the Associa-
tion of American Railroads, played
golf with Ike and later got him to
listen to the railroad's story. The
President asked Faricy to put his
recommendations in writing.
(Copyright 1955, by the Bell Syndicate)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all .enbers of the Uni-
versity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication (be-
fore 10 a.m. on Saturday.) Notice of
lectures, concerts and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
SUNDAY, MAY 1, 1955
Vol. LXV, No. 146
Students who have applied for work
or volunteered for work in any capacity
at Waterman Gymnasium during reg-
istration, June 17-18, are asked to see
their Faculty Counselors now in order
to have such Summer Session elec-
tions approved, as the School or Col-
lege will allow-before final examina-
Veterans who expect to receive educa-
tion and training allowance under Pub-
lic Law 550 (Korea G.I. Bill) must fill in
VA Form 7-1996a, Monthly Certification,
in the Office of Veterans' Affairs, 8555
Administration Building, between 8:00
a.m. Mon., May 2 and 5:00 p.m. Fri.,
Late Permission: Because of the
Crease Bali, all women students will
have a 1:30 late permission Fri., May 6.
Women's residences will be open until
Choral Union Members please report
for My Festival rehearsals, in Hill Au-
ditorium, as follows: Sun., May 1, 2:00
p.m. Mon., May 2, 7:00 p.m. Tues., May
3, 7:00 p.m. Wed., May 4, 7:00 p.m. (with
soloists and Musical Society Orchestra).
Thurs., May 5, 3:00 p.m. (with Phila-
delphia Orchestra and soloists). Fri.,
May 6, 11:00 a.m. (with Philadelphia
Orchestra and soloists). Sat., May 7,
10:00 a.n. (with Philadelphia Orches-
tra and soloists). Sun., May 8, 9:00 a.m.
(with Philadelphia Orchestra and solo-
Members are asked to arrive early
enough to be seated on time so that
rehearsals may begin promptly. Choral
Union members are also reminded to
pick up their special May Festival pass-
es Tues., May 3, from 9:00 to 11:30 a.m.
and 1:00 to 4:00 p.m., at the offices of
the University Musical Society in Bur-
ton Memorial Tower.
Representatives from the following
school systems will be at the Bureau of
Appointments for interviews:
Tues., May 3
Crosswell, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
Librarian; Science-Physics, Chemistry,
Biology; Girl's Physical Education;
Eighth Grade; Seventh Grade; Grade
Vocal Music; H.S. Social Science.
Deroit, Michigan (SouthfieldTown-
ship Schools)-Teacher Needs: Early
and Later Elementary; Elementary Art;
Vocal Music; Elementary Physical Edu-
cation (women); Music - Elementary
level; Mentally handicap; Speech Cor-
rectionist; H.S. Commercial; Mathe-
Detroit, Michigan (Redford Union
Schools)-Teacher Needs: Vocal Music;
English; Physics - Chemistry; Elem.;
Romulus, Michigan - Teacher Needs:
H.S. Latin-English; Speech-English;
Commercial; English; Jr. High Eng-
lish-Social Studies; Arithmetic; Science;
Girl's Physical Education; Guidance
Counselor; Early and Later Elementary.
St. Louis, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
H.S. English-Speech; Girl's Physical Ed-
ucation (Jr. & Sr. High) with Hygiene
or if necessary Jr. High English.
Bakersfield California (Bakersfield
City School District)-Teacher Needs:
Early and Later Elementary; Jr. High-
Erie, Michigan (Mason Consolidated
School)-Teacher Needs: Jr. High Sci-
ence; 6th Grade; Third Grade First
Grade; Home Economics; Recreation Di-
Port Huron,aMichigan - Teacher
Needs: Early and Later Elementary;
Speech (H.S.); Math (Jr. High); Art
(Jr. High); Physical Education (man);
Vocal Music (Jr. High).
St. Clair Shores, Michigan-Teacher
Needs: Early and Later Elementary.
Thurs., May 5.
St. Clair, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
Early Elementary; Home Economics;
Girls Physical Education (H..) and
teach Elementary boys and girls 3rd-
6th; Jr. High Mathematics-Science;
Art (H.S. & Elementary).
Corunna, Michigan-Teacher Needs:
First, Fourth, Fifth; Sixth; Vocal Mu-
sic; H.S. English.
For appointments or additional in-
formation contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration Bldg.,
NO 3-1511, Ext. 489.
Doctoral Preliminary Examinations for
Students in Education will be held May
26, 27, and 28. Students who anticipate
taking these examinations must file
their names with the Chairman of.Ad-
visers to Graduate Students, 4019 Uni-
versity High School, not later than
College of LSA Students who plan to
attend summer sessions elsewhere and
wish this credit approved for transfer,
should call for summer session approval
blanksrat the Admission Office, 1524
Administration Bldg., before May 13.
No approval blanks will be issued after
Doctoral Examination for Robert Paul
Boynton, Political Science; Thesis: "The
Political Philosophy of George San-
tayana," Mon., May 2, 4th floor Con-
ference Room, Haven Hall, at 1:00 p.m.
Chairman, Frank Grace.
Doctoral .Examination for Edward
JohntKormondy, Zoology; thesis:
"Studies on the Life History, Morphol-
ogy and Ecology of the Genus Tetra-
goneuria in Michigan (Odonata: Libel-
lulidae)," Mon., May 2, 2089 Natural Sci.
ence Bldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, T. H.
Seminar in Chemical Physics. Tues.,
May 3 at 4:10 p.m. in Room 2308 Chem-
istry. Dr. Michael Beer will speak on
"Electron Transitions in Acetylenic
Systems." Drs. R. B. Bernstein and M.
Tamres will report on the Cincinnati
meeting of the American Chemical So-
Doctoral Examination for Edward
in Relation to the Character of Its Hab-
itat," Tues., May 3, 2089 Natural Sci-
ence Bldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, F. C.
Mathematics Colloquium. Prof. Kiyo-
shi Noshiro of Harvard and Nagoya Uni-
versities will speak on "Cluster Sets of
Analytic Functions" Tues., May 3, at
4:10 p.m., in Room 3011, Angell Hall.
Seminar in complex variables will
meet Tues., May 3, at 2:00 p.m. in 247
West Engr. W. V. Caldwell will continue
on "The Subordination Principle."
Doctoral Examination for Joseph Ot-
terman, Electrical Engineering; thesis:
"Aperture Correction for Instrumenta-
tion Systems," Tues., May 3, 1500 East
Engineering Bldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chair-
man, Gunnar Hok.
Student Recital. Robert Ricks, French
horn, assisted by Carol Leybourn Ken-
ney, piano, and Patricia Ricks, violin,
4:15 p.m. Sun., May 1, Auditorium A,
Angell Hal; compositions by Mozart,
Beethoven, Brahms, open to the pub-
lic. Mr. Ricks is a pupil of Clyde Car-
Student Recital. Constance Jackson,
student of piano with Marian Owen,
'8:30 p.m. Sun., May 1, Auditorium A.
Angell Hall; in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Bachelor of Musio
degree. Works by Beethoven, Deo Jo
10, and Schubert; open to the public
Student Recital. Allen Norris, pianist,
compositions by Bach, Brahms, Beetho-
ven, at 8:30 p.m. Mon., May 2, in Rack-
ham Assembly Hall, in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the Mas-
ter of Music degree. A pupil of Joh
Kolen; recital open to the public,
Student Recital: Ann Pletta, pianist,
program in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Bache-
lor of Music at 8:30 p.m. Tes., May 3,
in Auditorium A, Angell Hall. Compo.-
sitions by Angles, Soler, Schubert, Pro-
kofleff, and Schumann; open to the
public. Miss Pletta studies piano with
Hillel. Sun., May 1. Hillel grad group
presents a wienie roast on the banks
of the Huron. Stag or drag. Senior wom-
en welcome. Meet at Hillel at 7:15 p.m.
Cost: Members 65c, non-members 850.
Call NO 3-4129 for reservations.
Lutheran Student Association. Sun.,
May 1, 7:00 p.m. Picnic, leaving the
Center at 5:00 p.m. The Rev. Richard
Knudsen of Good Shepherd Lutheran
Church, Detroit, will talk on "The In-
ter-Racial Church." Students of West-
ern Michigan College at Kalamazoo
and Wayne University will be guests.
Center on Hill St. and Forest Ave.
Unitarian Student Group will meet
Sun., May 1 at 7:30 p.m. at the churc
for a record session. You are invited to
bring your favorite records, classical
and popular, and listen to them on a
Hi-Fi set. Refreshments. Transporta-
tion from Lane Hall at 7:15 p.m.
Annual Spring Dance Concert, pre.
sented by Modern Dance Club and
Choreographers' Workshop. Sun., May
1, 8:00 p.m. Pattengill Auditorium, Ann
Arbor High School. Tickets $.75..
Hillel. Sun., May 1, 6:00 p.m. Supper
Congregational - Disciples Guild.
Sun., May 1, 6:00 p.m., exchange supper
meeting at the Evangelical and Re-
formed Church, 423 South Fourth Ave-
nue. Mr. and Mrs. Boehm will speak on
their experiences in Alaska.
Episcopal Student Foundation, Can-
terbury House breakfasts following both
the 8:00 and 9:00 a.m. services Sun.,
May 1. "Faith of the Church" lecture,
4:30 p.m., Sun., May 1, at Canterbury
House. Canterbury Supper at 6:00 p.m.,
Sun., May 1, at Canterbury House, fol-
lowed by showing of slides of Washing-
ton's Cathedral of St. Peter and St.
Paul, Evensong at 8:00 p.m., Sun., May
1, followed by Coffee Hour at Canter.
Michigan Christian Fellowship. "The
Meaning of Being Obedient To God," to
be discussed at Lane Hall, 4:00 p.m. Re-
Wesleyan Guild. Sun., May 1, 9:30
a.m. Seminar, study the Book of Acts;
5:30 p.m. Fellowship supper; 6:45 p.m.
Worship and Program. There will be a
panel discussion on "Dating Around."
WCBN, South Quadrangle. Staff meet-
ing, Mon., May 2, 7:15 p.m. Nomination
of officers. Attendance required.
Lane Hall Folk Dancers will meet
Mon., May 2, 7:30-10:00 p.m. In the rec-
reation room. Instruction for every
dance, and beginners are welcome.
Sailing Club. Meeting Tues., May 3.
7:30 p.m., 311 W. Eng. for all interested
in going to the Regatta at Wisconsin.
Rides to the Lake Sun. will leave Lydia
Mendelssohn 8:00, 8:30, 11:15 and 11:30
a.m. and 1:30 p.m.
S.R.A. Personnel. Meeting at 3:30 p.m.
Mon., May 2 at Lane Hall of persons in-
terested in discussing or working with
the departmental program of S.R.A.
La Petite Causette will meet Mon.,
May 2 from 3:30-5:00 p.m. in the left
room of the Union cafeteria.
Drama Season Series Tickets On Sale
Mon., May 2, 10:00 a.m. in the box .of-
fice, Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Open-
ing Mon., May 9, the season will pre.
sent Eva Le Gallienne in "The South.
west Corner," May 9-14; Helen Hayes in
"Gentlemen, The Queens," May 16-21;
"The Rainmaker," cast to be announc-
ed, May 23-28; Fsye Emerson in "Biog-
raphy," May 30-J'une 4; Valerie Bettis
and Lydia St. Clair in "The Time Of
The Cuckoo," June 6-11s Tickets for in-
dividual shows go on sale Fri., May 6,
Box Office hours are 10:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.
Deutscher Verein program on Tues.,
May 3, at 7:30 p.m. in the Union. Mod-
ern dance based on German dance
techniques by Nancy Pobst, and a film
on the Berlin Philharmonic. Heinz
Koehler, exchange student from Ber-
lin, will speak on the Free University of
Berlin. Games and refreshments.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
OUT OF THE confusion which has surround-
ed United States policy toward Far Eastern
problems for several months there now seems
to be emerging a program.
On the one hand, the administration seems
to be recognizing that risking a general war to
defend Quemoy and Matsu Islands is unpopu-
lar in the United States as well as among the
On the other, it may be moving toward ex-
tricating itself from such a situation without
appearing to retreat from a position which was
never firmly taken anyway.
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Eugene Hartwig..................... Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers........,.................City Editor
Jon Sobeloff..........Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs. . ...................Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad ,..,.................... Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart ......................Associate Editor
Dave Livingston. ..,,,,,........ .Sports Editor
Hanley Gurwin............Associate Sports Editor
Warren Wertheimer...........Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimovitz............... . Women's Editor
Janet Smith ...............Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel...........Chief Photographer
Lois Pollak ...................Business Manager
Phil Brunskall...........Associate Business Manager
Bill Wise......-.................Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski................Finance Manager
Telephone NO 23241
The idea now being considered involves two
fields of action. One is to go ahead and start
some sort of negotiations with the Chinese
Reds looking toward a cease-fire, leaving claims
to ownership of Formosa to a later political
settlement. This is essentially the procedure
used to obtain a cease-fire in Korea.
IN THIS process, it is possible that possession
of Quemoy and Matsu would be yielded,
while the Nationalists scream just as the South
Koreans screamed over stopping their war
without retaking North Korea.
Secondly the United States would be work-
ing for a far more secure Formosa than exists
at present by establishing a permanent mili-
tary base of her own there.
Such information as has been publishe&
about prospects for a base has not mentioned
one of its most important effects. Proponents
say it would be a symbol of determination off-
setting the loss of face if Quemoy and Matsu
were not defended, and would compensate the
Nationalists for any cease-fire which would
put their hoped-for but unlikely invasion of the
mainland on ice.
FROM AN EVEN more practical standpoint,
however, a formal American base on For-
mosa would put the Chinese Reds in the same
position that American troops in Germany have
kept Russia in for the last 10 years. It would
make a Red attack on Formosa an attack on
the United States.
Just as the presence of the 7th Fleet creates
that situation regarding an attack by water, so
would an American air base and American
troops-the Marines are expected to get thy,
call-create an important deterrent against air
The possibility that the Reds would resort
to bombing raids to emphasize their claims has
been in the forefront of the situation ever since
their hurried construction of nearby mainland
MOVIE PRESSURES UP:
Individuals Should Be Own Censors
By ERNEST THEODOSSIN
Daily Movie Critic
Motion picture censorship was
in the news again last week.
The United States Supreme
Court turned down a request made
by the Illinois American Civil Lib-
erties Union to do away with any
state or local laws which force
producers to submit films for cen-
sorship before the pictures are
viewed by theater audiences.
And over in Memphis, Tenn.,
89-year-old Censor Lloyd C. Bin-
ford was playing pranks again. Mr.
Binford banned Columbia's The
Bamboo Prison, a film dealing with
prison camps during the Korean
War, because a "progressive is por-
trayed as a hero."
* * *
BOTH OF THESE cases involve
"prior censorship" which permits
an individual or group to dictate
the entertainment consumption of
thousands of citizens. The indi-
vidual is here considered incapable
of deciding what will weaken or
strengthen his moral structure. He
"beautiful Technicolor picture" he
remembered from before; censor-
ship of the Rita Hayworth ."The
Heat Is On" song-and-dance num-
ber from Miss Sadie Thompson be-
cause of the lewd "strut" sequence;
banning of The Wild One which
Binford labelled "the most law-
less picture I ever saw;" and com-
plete dismissal of all-Jesse James
pictures because he thinks the Old
West outlaw was not a good man.
ASIDE FROM "prior censorship"
two other important forms of cen-
One is the Motion Picture Pro-
duction Code, a self-imposed cen-
sorship created in the early 1930's.
It has remained in force ever since
and only on rare occasions have
producers attempted to overlook
the refusal to grant a Production
Code seal (e.g., The Moon Is Blue,
The French Line),
Recently there has been an at-
tempt to bring the code up to
date; now, such things as misce-
genation and all forms of drinking
THROUGHOUT ALL of these
censorship problems, there is al-
ways someone attempting to set
up a kind of Universal Moral Code.
That this is impossible is best
illustrated by a few examples: Bri-
tish censors banned lion-eating
arena scenes in Quo Vadis to chil-
dren under 14; the British Cap-
tain's Paradise was changed for
Americans so that Alec Guiness
had a wife and a mistress instead
of two wives, the former being con-
sidered less immoral; American
distributors are often forced to cut
out nude scenes in French films;
the French object to American
It is all an endless merry-go-
* ' * ,
THE ANSWER seems to lie not
in protective censorship but in in-
dividual censorship. Why indivi-
duals are considered capable of
censoring their own reading ma-
terial and theatrical presentations
and not capable of censoring cin-
ema attractions is somewhat of a