'Who Shall Teach,' Other
Issues, Merit Discussion
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Latest Deadline in the State PARTLY CLOUDY, WARMER
VOL. LXV, No. 134 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 17, 1955
Fingerprint Dispute Called Cause
Of Change in Visit Plan: Moscow
By JIM DYGERT
The scheduled visit of 11 Soviet editors to the United States
has been cancelled by the Kremlin.
An announcement to this effect was made with "regrets" yes-
terday by the State Department. It closely followed press reports
from Moscow that the editors refused to be fingerprinted as re-
quired by United States immigration laws.
Moscow's reason for the cancellation was not given. State De-
partment spokesmen said the statement was based on news reports
quoting Soviet foreign office officials as saying the editors were-
being denied an opportunity to visit the United States.
Washington Foresaw Cancellation
Officials in Washington said the blowup fulfilled a belief they had
held all along that the Russians never intended to visit this country
but sought only to make propaganda capital.
"The United States government regrets that the trip of the
Soviet editors will not be realized,"
the department's statement said.
LK W OO The eleven "student" editors'
were to arrive here Tuesday for a
30-day tour of the United States.
D iscusses They were to visit 12 colleges and
universities, including the Univer-
sity May 8 to 10.
,. isk se Brandon Comments
Direcfor of University Relations
Arthur L. Brandon said last night
', By JOEL. BERGER that if the fingerprinting dispute
THIS MAKES IT OFFICIAL-False forebodings of spring have
come and gone, but the ice cream man's recent advent on cam-
pus establishes the season a little more firmly in the minds of
Schedule for Academic
Freedom Week Planned
By DAVE BAAD
Students across the country will observe Academic Freedom Week
today through Saturday.
Nationally celebrated for the first time, the Week is sponsored
by National Students' Association in the interest of "maintaining aca-
demic free&.±n and students' rights."
Last :,pring the University and several other schools celebrated
Academic Freedom Week, but the observances were held on an indi-
Program Starts Tuesday
Under direction of a special ad-hoc committee set up by Student
Affairs Committee in March, the University's program for Academic
Freedom Week will get under way Tuesday with other events sched-
uled for Wednesday, Thursday and Sunday.
Studio One television program's presentation of Justice William
Detroit attorney Charles Lock-
wood yesterday asserted former
' Veterans Administration Hospital
aide Jesse C. Rutherford will prob-
ably be reinstated in his position
following a hearing Thursday.
In a letter to hospital authori-
ties, Rutherford was accused of be-
ing a security risk.
"Do More Than Accuse"
When contacted at his home by
The Daily yesterday, Lockwood
said "in this type of a case, the
government must do more than
label a man a security risk-the
man must be in a position where
his employment would endanger
"An orderly such as Rutherford
is not in a position to endanger
national security, even if he were
a Communist sympathizer, which
I believe Rutherford is not," the
According to Lockwood, who
successfully handled the Milo
Radulovich case a year ago, the
government charges against Ruth-
erford are based solely upon his
candidacy for two offices on the
Progressive Party ticket and his
connection with an appearance
here by Paul Robeson Oct. 18,
1952. The Progressive Party has
never been labelled subversive by
Attorney General Herbert Brown-
During the Robeson speech
Rutherford, along with all other
local Progressive candidates, sat
on the platform with Robeson.
Rutherford claims he made no
speech at the affair, contradicting
the VA order suspending him.
"Just An Onlooker"
Rutherford claims the Robeson
appearance was sponsored by
county Progressive Party leaders.
The accused aide said he was
just an onlooker during the ap-
"The entire case against Ruth-
erford is based upon unfounded
and unevaluated rumors," Lock-
"No confrontation by Ruther-
ford of persons making the charg-
es against him will take place,"
Lockwood continued. "However,
between eight and 10 character
witnesses will testify on behalf of
Rutherford's character and loy-
"I think we'll win the hearing,"
the attorney concluded.
Reinstatement, Then Salary
If Rutherford wins the hearing,
he will be reinstated to his posi-
tion and receive salary retroac-
tive to Dec. 21, the date of his dis-
missal. However, any money
earned by him since then will be
deducted from his back pay un-
der Civil Service rules.
Under Civi Service rules, a se-
curity hearing for suspended em-
ployes is conducted by members of
departments other than the de-
Rutherford has in the past tak-
en courses in the University's ex-
tension service and in the Univer-
sity of Detroit. His home is in
Latin Student Bill
was the real reason for cancelling
the trip, "it is a rather small ex-
cuse." But he added, "It seems
to me this is only the surface rea-
Brandon indicated there would
now be no need for tomorrow's
meeting which was to discuss de-
tails of the hospitality the Uni-
versity would extend to the visit-
ors. A committee composed mostly
of students had been set up to
work out the details.
James M. Davis, Director of the
International Center, said his
"only feeling is one of regret, be-
cause the more people of other
countries can come here and look
around and talk with people, the
more understanding between na-
tions there is."
Direct Invitation Possible
Davis suggested that, when the
cancellation becomes official, Stu-
dent Government Council might
consider a student-to-student in-
vitation to Russia.
"We have nothing to lose by be-
ing hospitable to the maximum,"
he said. "It's my personal opinion
that it's a calculated risk, but
there would be some real gain in
having a Russian student in resi-
University President Harlan H.
Hatcher deferred comment until
he knew more of the details be-
hind the cancellation. "We've
been very pleased to have them
come here," he said.
United States officials said the
fingerprint rules would also ap-
ply to two other planned Russian
delegations-a group of farmers
invited to study hog raising and
corn growing in Iowa, and nine
Red army officers invited to a
World War II reunion here.
University President Harlan H.
Hatcher announced Friday that
Prime Minister U Nu of Burma
and Prime Minister Pibulsong-
gram of Thailand, will visit the
University in May.
Coming primarily to observe the
Phoenix project and study peace-
time use of the atom, the political
leaders are also interested in
Michigan as academic center for
the largest representation of their
respective nations of any Univer-
sity in the United States.
Pibulsonggram will arrive in
Ann Arbor on May 7, but the date
of U Nu's visit is still in question.
The Burmese Prime Minister,
close associate of India's Jawahar-
lal Nehru, is a leading member of
the Asian neutralist bloc, and a
focal point of United States at-
tempts to woo the neutralist na-
tions away from Communism.
The Burma official, although re-
fusing to join either the Commu-
nist or Western blocs, once pro-
claimed, "Burma and America are
in the same boat .. . we fight the
d. Douglas' book Almanac of Free-
dom will kick off festivities at 7:30
p.m. Tuesday in the Architecture
The movie will also be shown at
8:30 p.m. Tuesday.
At 8 p.m. Wednesday the Wes-
leyan Guild will sponsor a special
town meeting discussing "Is Aca-
demic Freedom Synonomous with
Students to Speak
Four students, former Student
Legislature Presidents Ned Simon,
'55, and Steve Jelin, '55, Daily As-
sociate City Editor Pat Roelofs,
'55Ed., and Mike Sharpe, Grad.,
will speak with a discussion period
Young Democrats will sponsor
a panel discussion Thursday
among Prof. Edwin E. Moise of the
mathematics department, Prof.
William B. Palmer of the econom-
ics department and Prof. Karl H.
Reichenbach of the history de-
They will discuss "Is There a
Trend Towards Conformity in Ac-
Leroy Gore, head of Wisconsin's
"Joe Must Go" campaign will con-
clude week's festivities Sunday
with a speech "Freedom is not a
one-way street." The "Joe Must
Go" campaign was Wisconsin's at-
tempt to end the political activity
of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R-
Student Government Council
acting Friday passed a resolution
recognizing the importance of the
WASHINGTON 4P--Harry S.
Truman accused the Eisenhower
Administration late yesterday of
political fraud and trickery in the
field of foreign policy.
From Adlai Stevenson came a
call to Democrats to "stand for
peace-which is the most urgent
business of the 20th century, the
The former President and the
1952 contender spoke at a huge,
$100 a plate banquet honoring
House Speaker Sam Rayburn-the
beloved "Mr. Sam" of legions of
Truman's speech was a raking
attack on the Administration. He
accused it of bad management and
blundering, as well as playing
"political tricks with the grave
and serious issues of both foreign
and domestic policies."
For one thing, he lit into the
Administration for its announce-
ment in 1953 that the 7th Fleet
would no longer be used to
"shield" Red China from Chiang
"The Republican Administra-
tion must have known," Truman
said, "that the picture of an un-
leashed Chiang Kai-shek invading
China was a barefaced political
fraud. But the idea behind all this
was to attempt to discredit the
sound policy of the Democratic
administration which was care-
fully designed to limit the con-
flict in the Far East."
He referred to an order Truman
issued in 1950, at the time of the
Korean War. It directed the 7th
Fleet to prevent Red China from
attacking Formosa and to halt
any Chinese Nationalist raids on
the mainland. The aim, officials
explained'at the time, was to pre-
vent the Korean War from spread-
Prospect of War
"'And now the Rtepublican Ad-
ministration is desperately trying
not only to limit the conflict in
Asia, but to get a permanent
cease-fire there. I fervently hope
"If we are face to face in Asia
with the prospect of war, a war
which the Administration says
may have to be fought with atomic
weapons, nobody is going to get
any political advantage out of it.
If we are pushed into the abyss of
a new war, the whole world may
tumble into that abyss with us."
Stevenson, in a much briefer
speech than Truman's said the
Democratic party must stand for
three basic things if it is to be
true to itself. He named these as
social progress, civil freedom and
Local Youths Fight
Five Ann Arbor youths crossed
paths with five University stu-
dents yesterday and came out sec-
On their way to a local res-
taurant the South Quad residents
were stopped by some of "our
regular street smart alecks making
remarks," police said.
One of the local boys jumped a
student, was thrown, hit his head
on the base of a street sign, and
was taken to St. Joseph's Hospi-
tal for stitches.
Police spotted the fight, and
took all ten to headquarters for
Meet of 29
BANDUNG, Indonesia (A)-In-
dia's Prime Minister Jawaharlal
Nehru proposea late yesterday
that the conference of 29 Asian
and African countries talk gener-
ily about world peace and eco-
nomic conditions-and not about
details like Formosa.
Nehru and Red China's Premier
Chou En-lai are the two domi-
Snating figures of the conference
which opens tomorrow. But Nehru
will have the stronger voice in.
charting the course the discus-
sions will take.
India, Pakistan, Burma, Ceylon
and Indonesia are the conference's
sponsoring powers. They will hud-
dIe in a key meeting today to de-
cide on what subjects should be
up for discussion.
e Formosa Specific
g Arriving yesterday, Nehru called,
& for talks on "general principles
d rather than specific problems."
Formosa, he said, was a" specifie
problem-"a controversial issue
--which I imagine should hardly be
discussed at this conference,"
The Prime Minister said India
believed the delegates, represent-
ing three-fifths of the world's
population, should consider: (1)
the question of peace in the world,
(2) economic conditions in back-
ward Asian and African nations
and (3) other general issues.
As Nehru spoke to newsmen
here, Chou remained overnight in
Jakarta, 75 miles away, where he
received a noisy welcome at the
closely guarded airport on his ar-
rival from Rangoon, Burma. More
than 5,000 Indonesian Chinese
cheered and waved Red China's
OLD AND NEW-Male tradition and the coed atiosphere of the
future Michigan Union harmonized in traditional table-carving
rituals at the Union's open house yesterday. Scientific displays.
cake baking contest, movies, refreshments, dancing. Michifish an
swimming team demonstrations, and other attractions were offere
to an estimated 3,000 visitors at the open house,
eWeekTalk T rorot
Cartoonist Walt Kelly, creator
of Pogo and his Okeefenoke hang-
ers-on, will open Greek Week with
an address at 6 p.m. tomorrow at!
Yost Field House.
Preparing the way for Kelly aft-
er a mass picnic-dinner for all af-
filiates will be the Psurfs. singing
lawyers and Gulantics winners.
Kelly will also give a journalism
lecture entitled "From Here on
Down Is All Uphill" at 3 p.m. to-
morrow in Rackham Lecture Hall.
The "oldest boy cartoonist" ' in
the country, as he calls himself,
has parlayed his nationally-syn-
dicated comic strip into several
books including "The Incompleat
Pogo," his most recent.
Four Events Tuesday
Greek Week will shift into high
gear Tuesday, with four events
scheduled. Prof. Helen Peak of the
psychology department will be
main speaker at the Panhellenic
Workshop, 2:30 p.m. Tuesday at
the League. A tea will follow at
Phi Kappa Psi fraternity will
host the annual dinner and pro-
gram for fraternity presidents atj
6:00 p.m., when scholarship awards
will be given.
Greek bridge protagonists will
assemble Tuesday night at the
Panhel - Interfraternity Coun c il
Bridge Tournament, with compe-
tition slated to begin at 7:30 p.m.'
in the League.I
Wednesday's calendar presents'
All 29 delegations except those
of Ceylon and Pakistan have ar-
rived in Indonesia for this un-
precedented conference which
brings together many tongues, re-
ligions and races. They Ceylonese
and Pakistani groups arrive to-
Between 600 and 1,000 official
delegates are expected to be seat-
ed when the conference opens in
the old Dutch Club of Bandung,
WALT KELLY First two days will be given over
to speeches by representatives of
... Greek Week Keynoter each nation. Then committees will
finals in the annual IFC Sing. The meet during the next four days to
Sing will be held in Hill Auditor- consider recommendations,
ium at 7:30 p.m. Nehru was asked by newsmen
Each fraternity in the Sing is if he thought the Formosa prob-
supported by a sorority, whose lem could be settled peacefully.
coeds plan costumes, songs, and "There is no other way to settle
coed pla cotume, sngsandit," the Indian leader replied.
cheers to go along with their fra- -_"_h I np
ternity's selection. Trophies will
go to the top three fraternities e enant
and sororities. Sorority awardsRs
will be based on originality, group sabbaticals
spirit and coordination.
IFC Ball Set
Through rain and darkness, over narrow and slippery Canad-
ian roads, the three sleepless students yesterday made their
way, determined to return with a mission accomplished.
"Ours but to do or die," one of the University of Buffalo
men commented on arriving in Ann Arbor.
After a full day's work of getting the signature of a Uni-
versity official and ten sorority coeds, selling blue books on the
Diag, calling for "Burt Tower" at a dormitory, and roaring
at passing women from behind the museum lions, the weary men
returned to Buffalo, their activation into a fraternity insured.
concept of Academic Freedom
Week and referring to President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's pro-
nouncement on academic free-
dom made last year.
SGC heartily endorsed the ob-
servance of the Week at the Uni-
versity and urged the student body
to participate in the meetings and
activities, of the week.
"Man's Right to Knowledge and
the Free Use Thereof" is the
theme for the week adopted by
Claude Thornhill's band will
FIVE WEEKS OF THEATRE:
Drama Season Stars, Productions Told
four different events. From one to provide music for the annual IFC
five in the afternoon. fraternity IJBall Friday night. The affair, ti-
presidents will confer at the Fresh ! tied "A Venetian Holiday " will
Air CamD. 'last from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m.
Exchange Dinners A Panhel Splash Party is plan-
Starting at 6:00 p.m.. Greeks ned for Saturday afternoon in the
will mingle at exchange dinners in I women's pool. Refreshments will
all sororities, and fraternities. be served. All sorority members
IFC will sponsor a Worshop at and pledges are invited.
8:00 p.m. Wednesday. Common-- -- --
chapter operations will be discuss-
ed. Assistant Dean of Men William Ike To Shift
Zerman will deliver a keynote ad-
drss. hM r ramn
Sorority and fraternity house- ia
mothers are scheduled to attend a
Bridge Dessert at 8:30 p.m. Wed- AUGUSTA. Ga. (1-President
University Regents approved
several leaves of absence at their
Director of University Bands
William D. Revelli was granted
a sabbitical leave from Feb. 15,
1956 to Aug. 15, 1956 to study con-
ducting and arranging music for
band in Italy, Germany, France
A sabbatical leave was also
granted to Prof. John F. Holt of
the radiology department.
Prof. Daniel R. Mill of the psy-
chology department was granted
a year leave of absence without
pay. This was instead of the sab-
batical leave for 1955-56 that he
requested be cancelled.
Leaves of absence for the 1955-
56 academic year were also grant-
ed to Prof. Rogers McVaugh of
the botany department, Prof.
Raoul Bott of the mathematics de-
partment and Prof. John W. At-
kins of the psychology department
all without pay.
Shorter leaves were granted to
By HARRY STRAUSS
Eva Le Gallienne, Helen Hayes,
Faye Emerson and Valerie Bettis
are among the stars of the forth-
coming Drama Season.
Running five weeks from May
9 through June 11, five produc-
tions will be seen.
Eva Le Gallienne will repeat her
role in John Cecil Holm's "The
Southwest Corner," which was on
Broadway in February. Also from
the original cast will be Enid Mar-
Lady Macbeth and Shaw's "Cath- will be Andrew McCullough who
erine, the Great." Philip Bour- served as director for "Omnibus"
neuf, Edith Meiser and Ray Boyle during that television show's first
are in supporting roles. Directing year.
The week of May 23 will see
performances of N. Richard Nash's
comedy of this Broadway season,
"The Rainmaker." No cast has
been set as yet.
Behrman and Laurents
Faye Emerson will star in S. N.
Behrman's "Biography" from May
30 to June 4.
The final production will be Ar-
thur Laurents' "The Time of the
Cuckoo." A play first done in 1952,
it wiil starValeri B ettis.rvia
nesday at the League
Thursday will be highlighted by
Polio Vaccine Seit
To State Schools
DETROIT (P)-Enough Salk
noun vaccine to provide initial
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
outlined plans for transferring all
phases of the government's anti-
communist foreign aid program
to the State and Defense depart-
ments from the Foreign Opera-
tions Administration (FOA).
FOA. which has been handling
the multi-billion-dollar program
... . ......