CRUCIAL TO SGC
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXV, No. 129 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN,, TUESDAY, APRIL 12, 1955
-Daily-Esther Goudsmit --Daily-Esther Goudsmit
TODD LEIF BOB BLOSSEY
top Union officer . .. executive secretary
Union To Be Led
The Michigan Union will enter its second half century under
the leadership of Todd Leif '56 and Bob Biossey, 56BAd, it was
announced last night.
Leif will take over from retiring Union president, Tom Leopold,
55, and Blossey replaces Dick Pinkerton, 55, as executive secretary.
Appointment of Leif as the organization's 51st president cli-
maxes a period of three years of work on the student staff for the
In Straits Asked
CHICAGO ()-Adlai Stevenson
said last night the Eisenhower ad-
ministration's Far Eastern policy
has gotten the United States into
a position where it faces "either
another damaging and humiliat-
ing retreat, or else the hazard of
He said he has "the greatest mis-
givings about risking a third world
war in defense of" Quemoy and the
Matsu Islands, Chiang Kaishek's
Nationalist outposts off the Red
Stevenson said in a broadcast
on two nationwide radio networks
that the Eisenhower administra-
tion is "pursuing a dead-end pol-
icy in Asia," which he said 'was
dictated by political expedience at
The 1952 Democratic presiden-
tial candidate said dissension with
America's allies over our policy
in regard to the two islands-"the
weakening of the grand alliance of
free nations pledged to stand to-
gether to defend themselves, is in
my judgement a greater peril to
enduring peace than the islands
He said the United States should
enlist other nations in "an open
declaration condemning the use of
force in Formosa Strait.'
He said Soviet Russia should be
invited "to declare its position," to
indicate whether it prefers the
possibility of ultimate settlement
by agreement to an unpredictable,
perhaps limitless conflict."
He said the United Nations Gen-
eral Assembly also should seek a
solution to the Formosa conflict.
Speaking in response to what he
said were requests for his views on
the Administration's Far East pol-
icy, Stevenson said he believes it
is "based more on political diffi-
culties here at home than the re-
alities of our situation in Asia."
Women working on the cur-
rent Gilbert and Sullivan pro-
duction have been granted a
12:34 late permission for last
night and tonight by the Dean
of Women's Office.
NEWSROOM set up on the third floor of Rackham Graduate Bldg. will provide 50 additional
phones and six Western Union teletypes for newsmen covering Salk vaccine announcement. News
coverage is expected to be the greatest ever accorded a medical meeting. Close to 100 science
writers and reporters have been invited.
Aid to Asia
WASHINGTON (R) - Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower an-
nounced yesterday he will sub-
mit to Congress next week a
foreign aid program "includ-
ing economic aid to the free
nations of south and east Asia."
The President issued a state-
ment stressing this country's
intention to help Free Asia. His
statement coincided with the
gathering of delegates to the
Committee To Consider
MSC Name Change Bill1
Another round in the Michigan State name change battle will be
fought in the state legislature today.
Delayed since last Wednesday when the University introduced a 26
page legal brief protesting a change, the issue will now be debated
within the Senate's Judiciary Committee.
There were two developments in----
Chesser Campbell, '21, a for-
mer Daily editor, has been named
to head the vast empire of the
Chicago Tribune, succeeding the
late Col. Robert R. McCormick.
A Tribune employee for 34
years, Campbell served as both
news and city editor on The Daily.
Last week he was elected presi-
dent of the Tribune Company,
which controls both the Chicago
newspaper and the New York Dai-
ly News, as well as lumber and pa-
per interests in Canada.
Recalls Daily Experiene
Campbell rose in the Tribune's
advertising department, though
his experience at The Daily was
on the editorial staff. Contacted in
Chicago, he said yesterday his
jDaily work, covering most of a
very active college career, was
"It was just hard work. We
were often up late at night, but it
was one of the best experiences
I've had," he commented.
Beginning on The Daily as a cub
reporter, the 57-year-old Sault
Ste. Marie native interrupted his
days at the University with a year-
and-a-half in the Navy.
His other activities at Michigan
included Union Opera and Michi-
gan Athletic Association publicity
for two years, Michigamua sen-
ior honor society, Sigma Delta Chi
A Phi Beta Kappa graduate,
Campbell also participated in jun-
ior varsity football.
"I think The Daily is one of the
outstanding college papers," the
new Tribune chief added. As for
his plans, he said, "We're just go-
*ing on the way we have been go-
Michigan's Highway Department
is considering an alternative to
the previously proposed Flat
Running from Detroit to Bay
City, the road is expected to cost
less, while serving the same traf-
State Highway Commissioner
Charles M. Ziegler recently an-
nounced the project and gave it
,, + - ; __: a mn___
20-year-old Glencoe, I. English
Blossey, a 21-year-old Business
Administration major from De-
troit, has worked for a slightly
The announcement of appoint-
ments was made slightly after 11
p.m. last night after a period of
several hours of interviewing and
deliberation by the Selections Sub-
committee of the Union Board of
The new officers will be offi-
cially initiated at the annual
Union banquet, to be held at the
Union Wednesday night. The for-
mal oath of office will be admin-
istered by Assistant to- the Pres-
ident Erich A. Walters, University
President Harlan H. Hatcher will
address the gathering.
Leif's work in student activities
and appointment to the Union's
executive council earned him
membership in Sphinx, junior
men's honorary, last spring.
A member of Zeta Beta Tau fra-
ternity, he has served this year
as chairman of the Public Rela-
Blossey this year has been ac-
tive as chairman of the Union's
campus affairs committee, in ad-
dition to his service on the execu-
tive council. He is a resident of
Scott House in South Quadrangle.
forthcoming Afro-Asian confer- Ithe legal questions concerning the
ence at Bandung. name change bill last week.
First, State Attorney General
'Thomas M. Kavanaugh ruled that
a switch in MSC's name from Col-
t lege to University was constitu-
a r s i 12 tional.
'U' Legal Views
" Last Tuesday the University pre-
sented its own legal views on the
matter signed by Professors P. G.
Kauper, S. C. Oppenheim. and
SINGAPORE, (R) - Ships and Dean Blythe Stason of the law
planes searched a wide area of the school.
South China Sea today for a miss- The brief said that a name
ing Indian airliner with 19 per- switch would "constitute an ille-
Expansion of women's
Government at 'U' Told
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is first in a series of interpretive articles on
women's student government. Today's article deals with the history of the
By PHYLLIS LIPSKY
Women's student government had its beginning at the University
in 1890, when a small group of students and Ann Arbor women got
together to form the Women's League.
Expansion since that time has resulted in the creation of three
separate organizations, with legis-
lative and judicial branches. D V L P D "'ST
In addition to the eague, to DEVELOPED 'POSITI
which every co-ed ou campus now
belongs automatically, Panhellen-
ic and Assembly Associations form
separate organizations of affili-
ated and independent women. By MURRY FRYMER
Women's Judiciary supervises the B
work of numerous house judic It is now ten years since the
groups and every house council death of President Franklin Dela-
sends representatives to the Wom- no Roosevelt.
en's Senate. In the afternoon of Thursday,'
First Woman Admitted in 1870 April 12, 1945, the Associated Press
Women were first admitted to reported the story, beginning with
the University in 1870 when one the words:
coed. Madelon Stockwell, attended. "President Franklin D. Roose-
When the League was formed 20 velt, his strength sapped away as
years later there was still no such Commander-in-Chief in America's'
thing as approved housing for greatest war, died suddenly Thurs-
By 1894 there were 600 women day afternoon."
on campus, 352 of whom were The news of the death first came
members of the League, paying 25 over the radio at 5:45 p.m.
cents annual dues. A number of Congregate Around Radios
Ann Arbor wmemn wereassae Tr s Tnin% ciil2.. :rnin - i--
The 12 passengers were reportedf
to be a Red Chinese delegation, in-
cluding lesser officials and news-
men, to next week's African-Asian
conference in Bandung, Indonesia.
The plane, a four-engined Con-
stellation, belonged to Air India
International, is owned by the
Indian government. It was be-
lieved to have .rashed last night
near the Great Natuna Islands,
250 miles northeast of Singapore.
The airliner was chartered to the
Red Chinese and piloted by Capt.
Jatar, senior officer of the Indian'
One report in more general
terms said the plane was believed
to have crashed 100 miles off Sar-
awak, British crown colony on the
island of Borneo.
The airliner took off yesterday
morning from Hong Kong for Ja-
karta, Indonesia. Shortly after
making radio contact with Jakarta
the plane began sending distress
signals. It was already hours over-
due at its first stop, Kuching, in
gal infringement on the name of1
the University of Michigan."
"The proposed name MSU would
be so similar to the name U-M as
to cause confusion and result in
infringement" the brief said. It
added that the state laws protect
the right and interest in a corpo-
As to "the spirit and purpose of
Article XI of the Constitution" the
brief stated that it was the consti-
tutional purpose "to create for this
state but a single university-one
which is seven times referred to
in the Constitution as the 'univer-
sity', the governing body of which
is designated as a 'body corporate'
called the Regents of the Universi-
ty of Michigan."
Sen. Harrm Hittle (R.E. Lan-
sing), chairman of the Judiciary
committee, postponed action on the
bill until today to give the legal
brief further ,consideration.
If approved by committee, the
bill then must still be passed by
the Senate as a whole.
Ann Arbor voters gave their
overwhelming approval to the new
city charter in the April 4 elec-
Adopted by slightly less than a
three to one margin, the charter
proposal carried all 15 of the city's
precincts by wide margins.
At the same time. Mayor Wil-
liam E. Brown, Jr., was elected to
his sixth term as Ann Arbor's
mayor. Prof. A. D. Moore of the
engineering college won the city
Gain One, Lose One
In races for council seats, the
Democrats had to settle for trad-
ing their Fifth Ward seat for one
in the Fourth Ward. W. Orval
Bunton (D) defeated incumbent
Russell H. Howard (R) in the
Fourth Ward while Dean W. Cos-
ton (D) lost his bid for re-election
to Dr. David G. Dickinson (R).
The same kind of thing hap-
pened in the county Board of Su-
p e r v i s o r s elections. Incumbent
Jack J. Garris (D) lost his Third
Ward seat to Bent F. Nielson (R)
but Donald C. Pelz (D) upset C
Ludwig Schneider (R) in the
Republicans took the balance of
council and supervisor posts. Nor-
man J. Randall (R) was re-elected
to his First Ward council seat
while Fitch D. Forsythe (R) won
the First Ward supervisor contest
See LOCAL, Page 6
To OK Vaccine
Scientists, Newsmen Hit Ann Arbor;
Report To Get Wide News Coverage
By LEE MARKS
With more than 500 distinguished scientists, doctors and public
health officials on hand, Dr. Thomas Francis Jr. will deliver the eager-
ly-awaited evaluation of Salk Vaccine today.
Optimists predict his report will be highly favorable, heralding the
beginning of the end of polio.
The country will learn whether and how well Salk vaccine works
at 10:20 a.m. when Dr. Francis addresses a scientific gathering at
Rackham Lecture Hall.
Fittingly enough, the report is being given on the tenth anniver-
sary of the death of Franklin D."
Roosevelt, one of polio's most fa-
mous victims and founder of the
National Foundation for Infantile
News coverage of the report will
probably be the greatest ever ac-
corded a medical meeting. Close'Seen i
to 100 newsmen and science writ- e y it n
ers have been invited. . 1../ C
Third Floor Newsroom
A newsroom on the third floor The report given today by Dr.
of Rackham Bldg. will provide Thomas Francis Jr. does not, as
nearly 50 phones. In addition, six many people think, mark the end
Western Union teletypes and one of the long fight against paralytic
exchange teletype will be avail- polio.
able.. Rather, medical men Including
Despite persistent rumors, plac- Rathn edica me inclding
ing effectiveness of the vaccine at Dr. John Enders of Harvard Uni-
90 per cent and upwards, no offi- versity, contend that the struggle
cial information has yet been re- is now only entering the terminal
leased by either Dr. Francis or stage-the end may be in sight
Dr. Jonas E. Salk. but it is yet a long way off.
No Comment First problem is getting the vac-
Both scientists refused to com- cine licensed by the National In-
ment on the rumors. As of last stitute of Health. Quick approval
night even Dr. Salk was in the is expected.
dark about Dr. Francis' report. Stockpiling Vaccine
The University scientist has sup- Although pharmaceutical com-
posedly told no one what is con- panies have been producing and
tained in his 100-page evaluation. stockpiling vaccine for months, It
Basil O'Connor. president of the will be some time, estimates range
National Foundation, arrived here as high as 15 years before everyone
yesterday on a special train from can be innoculated.
New York crowded 'with dignitar-
ies coming to Ann Arbor to share Public health officials through-
I the plaudits of Dr. Francis' an- out the country have been making
ticipated announcement. plans to institute speedy innocu-
The historic meeting is sched- lation programs.
uled to start at 10 a.m. with an Engleke Tells Plans
opening address by Detlev W. According to Washtenaw Coun-
Bronk, president of the National ty Health Director Otto Engleke,
Academy of Sciences and of the plans have been set up to innocu-
Rockefeller Institute for Medical late all first and second grade
rh. . school children in the county.
Dr. Francis to Report Vaccinations will be adminis-
dieHacto t EVanioa Fodia- tered without charge starting the
tion and University President Har- last week in April or the first week
lan H. Hatcher will greet the as- in May, depending upon when vac-
' sembled scientists and then, at cine is available.
1 10:20, Dr. Francis will report. The Washtenaw County plan
Following Dr. Francis, Dr. David calls for cooperation between many
Bodian of Johns Hopkins Univer- medical units.
sity will speak. Physicians to Give Shots
The last two speakers before an Practicing physicians with o
intermission will be Dr. Thomas sible help from resident physicians
M. Rivers, director of the Rocke- at University Hosptial will admin-
feller Institute for Medical Re- ister the shots.
search and O'Connor.
Dr. Salk to Speak .Volunteer workers will be pro-
Dr. Jonas E. Salk, discoverer of vided by the local chapter of th
the vaccine, will address the gath- National Foundation for Infan
ering after intermission. He is ex- tile Paralysis while St. Joseph
pected to report on further im- Hospital will sterilize equipment,
provements in the vaccine. County Medical Society wil
Dr. William G. Workman, chief sponsor the vaccination program
of the Laboratory of Biologics and organization will be taken
, Control and Dr. Alan Gregg, vice over by the Health Department
president of the Rockefeller Foun- Completed by June
dation, will conclude the meeting. Dr. Engleke has predicted the
Television and radio crews will vaccination program can be com-
operate all day, carrying reports of' pleted by early June.
3 the history - making gathering Salk vaccine calls for three sep
acrossWil natioi earate innoculation shots. The see-
W T sgond follows the first by one week
Operating from1 10 a.m.o
Mand WF will with the last shot coming one
televise the meetngF wl month after the second.
In addition, other TV shows, in- It is not known yet whether a
cluding Dave Garroway, Arline booster shot is required or how lon
Frances, John Camero n Sway- the first innoculation will provide
zy and Edward R. Murrow will p
e eminate from the steps of the!
eRackham Bldg. and from the Spe- Ft her. Finds
e cial Projects Bldg. Father
e If today's report calls the vac-
cine a success, it must then beNM ising By
d licensed for use by the National
f Institute of Health. Innoculations
, on some 30 million children could Some 60 police officers search-
- probably begin by April 18 if ed seven hours yesterday for an
quick approval is given, as expect- eight-year-old Ypsilanti boy wh
ed. was found by his father in the
At their news conference both middle of Ypsilanti last night.
e Dr. Francis and Dr. Salk said it Reported missing at 2:30 p.m
- would be far too optimistic to ex- yesterday, Robert Whiting was
pect 100 per cent protection, but, found sipning a soft drink in a
)osevelt Mourned in '45, Acclaimed in '55
Ruthven scheduled memorial serv-
ices, commenting: " . . . the pass-
ing of President Roosevelt has
come as a shock to all liberty lov-
ing peoples. Bravely and indefatig-
ably he has stood for social justice'
in a period in which democracy
has often been in serious danger."
Dean Blythe Stason of the Law
School called the President's death
"one of the world's greatest trag-
edies in view of the problems of
completing the war and winning
the peace ... "
Prof. Harold M. Dorr, of the po-
litical science department mourn-
ed the death "as tragic as the
Looking at Roosevelt's accom-
plishment's in the foreign field
Prof. Sidney Fine, of the history
department, said that he mad
"America aware that as a great
power, they had to assume the
responsibilities of a great power.'
Domestically, "the New Deal di
help to restore the confidence o
the people in their government
and in the democratic institu
Prof. William Haber, of the eco
nomics department, said that wi
are still too close to FDR's presi
dency to be objective.
'n- i in"-n hr h f