Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue


Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

March 25, 1955 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-03-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

'l nk Alil.;UlliAN D IL t

FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1955

1Vif4 on~rWflitn




Ford Grant or Model-T Cow
Could Solve MSC's Problem

EVERYBODY, it seems, has problems these
The Regents of the University of Michigan
act downright worried. And the members of
the State Board of Agriculture, MSC govern-
ing body, obviously aren't feeling too well.
It's all because of a name.
Michigan State College of Agriculture and
Applied Science allows as how it can't get
enough high calibre professors until its name
is changed to Michigan State University. And
the University of Michigan is emitting loud
wails across the Huron valley to the effect
that it is, always was, and always will be --
Praise the Lord-the University of Michigan.
ACTUALLY, Michigan State's problem is not
as simple as it looks. It could attach a
Webster's dictionary to a totem pole; illum-
inate the page on which the word "university"
rests with Neon lights, march before the Re-'
publican legislature in Lansing-and weep.
But visionary Republicans would certainly
see the fallacy in all this. MSC, admittedly,
can't get high calibre professors because it is
a college. But can the legislature, by the magic
of one word, create a university out of a college
that has to become a university (in name)
before it can attract good professors? This is
almost as ironic, in its simplicity, as trying
to hold a funeral service without a corpse.
For it does take professors-in addition to new
buildings, cows and football-before a school
can become a university or, for that matter,
even a college.
The good people at MSC should know-they
are in a position to know-the true meaning of
that old saying, "The cart before the horse."
A SOLUTION does-exist, nevertheless, and all
is not hopeless.
The Ford Foundation recently shoveled aside
a few tons of rusty shekels to be donated to
needy, privately-owned colleges. MSC is not a
privately-owned college. That she is in love
with herself, however, there is no doubt.
Narcissism such as this could be easily re-
warded by the state legislature. The lawmak-
ers at Lansing coUld transfer the deeds and

title of all MSC livestock and other property
to Michigan State College, thus creating, in
essence, a privately-owned educational insti-
tution. This would not only make MSC eligible
for Ford Foundation funds and give the poor
taxpayer a break, but would also eliminate one
of our finer agricultural institutions from the
stigma of any association with creeping so-
And since MSC, with true humility, has
brought its needs out into the open, this should
be of especial interest to the administration at
East Lansing.
THAT the students at the Pretty School on
the Red Cedar river are blessed with more
than their share of creative talent; this is
something that no one-not even Michigan
State's bitterest critics will deny. Michigan's
(and we are speaking of the University of
Michigan's) oft-painted green sidewalks rise
as a monument to their creative, artistic abil-
ity. And no doubt exists that talent such as
this deserves to be channeled into more con-
structive drives.
As to just whether the students at "State"
could come up with a Model-T cow on a fast
assembly line-this is something we don't
know. But, even if they can't, they could do
the next best thing and-still following in
the footsteps of the late Henry Ford-look
toward Dearborn.
For, whether MSC adopts the name of
Michigan State University or Grandma Skid-
more's Agricultural Academy for Young Ladies,
this is really not important. The fact remains
that when she stashes a few mangers-ful of
that green, folding stuff in the stables-well-
half of the professors and most of the teaching
fellows in the country (swathed in overalls
and wide, straw hats) will be draped along the
bridle paths leading into East Lansing, forming
one huge academic procession that would make
"The Man With The Hoe" look like a city
slicker. .
And when, this happens MSC will never
again have to worry whether she is a college
or a university. For it won't really matter.
A word, after all, is merely a word.'
-Roy Akers

"Fireman, Save My Child"
IrmN, *\jj
- T"-R P
- t
f7' G' (/y4 Y
, rte= k



{;.:4, ?firDREW PEARSON!

WASHINGTON-It's supposed to be a top
political secret, but the Republican Party
has collected less than 7 per cent of the
$2,160,410 quota assigned to states and terri-
tories. This is the amount sought to keep the
GOP political pot boiling until next year's all-
out financial drive.
Worst record has been made by Mississippi,
which hasn't collected a cent, and Washington
state, which has raised only a measly $8.50 of
its $41,173 quota. Connecticut hasn't done
much better, turning in only $35 of a $38,627
quota. Percentagewise, tiny Virgin Islands leads
the field, having collected $1,051.67 or slightly
over its small $950 quota. Most cash has been
raised by Kansas whose solid Republicans have
donated $15,241.72, almost half their $32,300
Despite the poor collections, GOP books are
in the black-which is better than the Demo-
crats can boast. The Republican National
Committee has a current bank balance of
$156,225.70, of which $38,874.46 is owed in bills.
This leaves the committee $117,351.24 to the
The GOP campaign committees on Capitol
Hill are also in the black, but operating on one
financial cylinder until election year. The Sena-
torial Committee, which helps elect Republican
senators, has a bank balance of $9,306.93, of
which $5,305.09 is owed. The Congressional
Committee, which aids Republicans running
for the House, has a bank balance of $9,428.95
but owes $4,997.64 to the bill collectors.
To spur collections, GOP Finance Chairman
F. Peavy Heffelfinger is looking for a field man
who can squeeze money out of reluctant state
organizations. He has his eye on Alexis Doster,
a Citizens for Eisenhower volunteer, and Rolla
Mottaz, assistant to veteran GOP money raiser
Spencer Olin of the giant Olin Industries.
COMMENTING on the two, the Republican
Party's comptroller Edward Bacher sent
Heffelfinger a confidential note last week: "Re-
garding suggestion mentioned in your March
14 memo about someone from the Ike volun-
teers serving as a field man, Mottaz was Spen-
cer Olin's right-hand man back in the Olin
Industries and is back at his regular job there.
Doster has not had field experience. He was
working largely here in Washington office.
I doubt whether he could be of much help in
state organization work. I would prefer talking
with you about this in advance of making
any approach to him."
Meanwhile, this column has obtained the
secret breakdown showing how much the Re-
publican Party has assessed each state and the
amount each has collected. Here is the alpha-
betical list:
Alabama has collected $1,969 of its $11,899
quota, or 16.5 per cent; Alaska collected $380
of $4,116. 9.2 per cent; Arizona, $1,327.30 of
$12,673, 10.5 per cent; Arkansas, $1,150 of
$12,792, 9 per cent; California, $7,149.85 of
$191,273, 3.7 per cent; Colorado, $65 of $25,327,
.3 per cent; Connecticut, $35 of $38,627, .09
per cent; Delaware, $5,797 or $8,873, 65.3 per

Idaho, $218.37 of $11.400, 1.9 per cent; Illinois,
$5,098.50 of $155,800, 3.3 per cent; Indiana,
$222.13 of $65,227, .3 per cent; Iowa, $728.50
of $42,427, 1.7 per cent; Kansas, $15,241.72 of
$32,300, 47.2 per cent; Kentucky, $1,000 of
$23,000, 4.3 per cent; Louisiana, $2,231 of $13,-
382, 16.7 per cent; Maine, $289.50 of $14,573, 2
per cent; Maryland, $1,081 of $40,527, 2.7 per
cent; Massachusetts, $367 of $77,900, .5 per
cent; Michigan, $1,657.55 of $110,827, 1.5 per
cent; Minnesota, $1,329 of $47,500, 2.8 per cent;
Mississippi has collected none of its $1,663
quota; Missouri, $1,183:99 of $63,327, 1.8 per
cent; Montana, $1,092.31 of $9,500, 11.5 per

cent; Nebraska, $2,981 of $22,800, 13.1 per4
Nevada, $540.15 of $5,700, 9.5 per cent;
Hampshire, $1,713.05 of $11,773, 15.9 per4
New Jersey, $4,990.28 of $82,973, 6 per
New Mexico, $2,766.25 of $10,773, 25.7 peri
New York, $14,610 of $271,719, 5.4 per


NORTH CAROLINA, $101 of $20,453, .5 per
cent; North Dakota, $2,252.50 of $10,773,
20.9 per cent; Ohio, $7,923.88 of $135,527, 5.8
per cent; Oklahoma, $398.50 or $33,573, 1.2
per cent; Oregon, $606 of $27,227, 2.2 per
cent; Pennsylvania, $12,100.93 of $165,300, 7.3
per cent; Puerto Rico, $31 of $4,804, .6 per cent;
Rhode Island, $566 of $13,927, 4.1 per cent;
South Carolina, $85 of $7,090, 1.2 per cent;
South Dakota, $235 of $11,400, 2.1 per cent;
Tennessee, $1,546.75 of $16,955, 9.1 per cent;
Texas, $1,627.50 of $65,000, 2.5 per cent; Utah,
$387.48 of $12,027, 3.2 per cent; Vermont, $$47
of $6,973, 12.1 per cent; Virginia, $2,020 of
$22,848, 8.8 per cent; Virgin Islands, $1,051.67
of $950, 110.7 per cent; Washington, $8.50 of
$41.173, .02 per cent; West Virginia, $242.02
of $27,227, .9 per cent; Wisconsin, $6,323.85 of
$55,727, 11.3 per cent; Wyoming, $700 of $6,327,
11 per cent.
In addition, the Republican Party has col-
lected $891.03 from miscellaneous sources, in-
cluding $10 from Canada. This adds up to a
total collection of $129,505.59 or 6.8 per cent of
the $2,160,410 quota.
Note-Next week's financial drive will be
made in Nebraska where state finance chair-
man Joseph Wishart is dunning the GOP coun-
ty organizations: A confidential report to na-
tional headquarters states: "Wishart is having
a meeting of his finance and budget committee
on Sunday, March 27. As to the business of the
meeting, Joe in his letter to county chairmen
says: '1955 county budgets are to be set-so
come and defend yourself.'"
TEN GOP leaders called on General Mac-
Arthur last month to get his views on re-
organizing the Republican Party. They belong
to the I-Don't-Like-Ike branch of the party .. .
West Virginia's grand old Sen. Matt Neely,
chatting on Capitol Hill with young Dr. Ted
Hopkins of Evanston, Ill., remarked wearily:
"Do you know anyone who'd be willing to trade
his youth for a seat in the Senate?" . . .
President Eisenhower's Army crony, retired
Gen. Lucius Clay, has used his influence inside
the White House against Alaskan statehood.
Clay happens to head Continental Can, which

(Continued from Page 2)
mittee was instructed to indicate wheth-
er or not specific chairmen of commit-
tees are to be members of the Student
Government Council or not. The com-
mittee will report back as soon as pos-
sible, Serving on the committee are
Hank Berliner, Gene Hartwig, Donna
Netzer, Dick Good, Janet Neary.
The Council reviewed the report sub-
mitted by Cinema Guild Board recom-
mending that the Cinema Guild Board
function under and be responsible to
the Student Government Council. The
following policy proposals were includ-
ed in the report:
1) The name of the organization
shall be "Cinema Guild."
2) The Cinema Guild Board, its chair-
man, and treasurer be selected by SGO
from the campus at large on the basis
of petition by interested and capable
persons. Terms to be for one year with
one half of the Board being appointed
after each SGC election.
3) The Cinema Guild Board shall be
composed -of eight members.
4) The selection of sponsors, the se-
lection of movies, the selection of a
manager and other administrative du-
ties be performed by Cinema Guild
Board or its individual members sub-
ject only to review, not approval, of
5) Thtt all major policy decisions of
Cinema Guild must be approved by
SGC; e.g. changes in percentage of
disbursement of profits.
6) That Cinema Guild be the only
student organization authorized to pre-
sent a regular program of motion pic-
tures for an admission fee.
8) That Cinema Guild Board be given
office space and equipment in a Uni-
versity Building to carry on its admin-
isctrative operations.
The recommendations of the Cinema
Guild Board were accepted
The Council discussed by-laws and
procedures. A committee of five was
appointed to draw up by-laws for Stu-
dent Government Council. Appointed to
the committee were Bob Leacock, Tom
Sawyer, Bill Adams, Joel Tuber, Lucy
Landers. Discussion resulted in sugges-
tions in areas of attendance, procedure
summer operations, time of elections
time action of the Council becomes ef-
fective, by-laws which should apply to
election of officers.
A motion to request candidates t
leave the room during discussion of the
specific office for which they are can-
didates was defeated.
The meeting scheduled for April 13
was postponed to April 15 because of
Installation Night calendared for April
13. The April 15 meeting will be held
at 3:00 p.m.
Student Government Council agenda
for meeting to be held Fr., March 25
1955 at 3:00 p.m. in the Union.
Homecoming Dance
Olympic Dance
Greek Week activities
Recommended by-laws for officer elec-
Panhellenic Constitution, revised
Academic Freedom Week, report
Phi Epsilon Pi, requests permission to
Administrative Organization
S.L. Recommendations to SGC
National Students' Association
Camp Navarac, Upper Saranac Lake
(28 miles from Lake Placid) New York
requests applications from mature wom-
en candidates for counseling positions
in golf, tennis and music. A personnel
interview in New York City is desired
during Spring vacation. Contact Mrs.
Ethel Spiegel, 121 Rynrla Road, South
Orange, New Jersey (So. Orange 2-
8914). In your letter of application be
sure to include references.
Camp Scatico Elizaville, New York
maintains a Brother & Sister camp and
requests applications from upper class-
men & grad students (either sex) for
specialty counseling positions. Season
of 8 weeks during July & Aug. months;
salary ranges from $250-$500 per sea-
son. Ratio of 3 children to everycoun-
selor; campers are from 5-16 years old.
Contact Nt Holman, Camp Scatico, 28
East 73rd St., N.Y. 21, N.Y. (BU 8-
9089). In your letter be sure to include
Tower Hill Camp Association, Saw-
yer, Mich requests applications from
candidates for a combination life guard-
maintenance position. Must have sen-
ior life saving certificate. Lifeguard du-
ties for only 1 or 2 hours a day, no
classes or instructions involved. Salary
$33 per week; season, June 26-Sept. 1.
Also opening for assistant cook to help
prepare meals for 100-160. Three family
style meals served daily. Salary, $33
per week. Both positions include sal-
ary plus room & board. Contact Er-
nest V. Schroeder Mgr., 5 West Linden,
Three Oaks, Mich.
City & Country School, Bloomfield
Hills, Mich. has a vacancy for its sum-

the addresses to contact for the above
positions is included in this booklet.
This booklet can be seen at any of our
weekly meetings beginning on Wed 23
from 1 p.m. to 5 p~m. in Room 3G at
the Mich. Union.
The Riverside, Ogunquit, Maine re-
quests applications from candidates
for the following positions: Chef-$75-
$100 per week depending on experience;
Ass't. Chef-$50 per week; Kitchen
boys (3) at $25 per week; Yardman at
$35 per week (also gets tips as bell hop
but must be mechanically inclined);
Dining room hostess at $25 per week
plus tips. Contact Mr. Don P. Coombs,
Mgr. 3
Metals Research Laboratories, a Di-
vision of Union Carbide & Carbon Corp.,
Niagara Falls, N.Y. requests applications
from candidates who have completed
three or more years in one of the physi-
cal science curricula. Each selected can-
didate will be assigned to specific ex-
perimental projects in one of six Re-
search Groups; ie, Metals, Minerals,
Chemicals, Welding, Engineering or
Technical Services. See specific job
descriptions and obtain application
forms in Room 3G of the Mich. Union
on Wed. afternoon, March 23.
Rochester Gas & Electric Corp., Roch-
ester, N.Y. requests applications from
Freshmen, Soph., & Junior Eng. Stu-
dents for boiler work in plants in
Proctor & Gamble, Cincinnati, Ohio
will interview at2the Business Admin.
chool on April 20th ,& 21st. for sum-
mer employment. They are interested
in Juniors or above to be understudies
for regular salesmen. Sales calls will be
on retailers, chain stores, wholesalers.
Call NO 3-1511, Ext. 694 for appointment
for an interview.
The following Public School systems
are interested in teachers in the foi-
lowing fields;
Wyandotte, Michigan (Monguagon
Township) All elementary. Also Ele-
mentary Art and Special Education.
Hazel Park, Michigan - Elementary
Art; Kindergarten; Early and Later
Elementary; Jr. High Industrial Arts,
Home Making, English-Social Studies,
Mathematics; Instrumental M u s i c
(Stringed), Special Education (Men-
tally handicapped); Sr. H.S English.
Social Studies, Physics-Chemistry.
Allen Park High School, Allen Park,
Michign-Latin; Biology English; Gen-
eral Science Mathematics; Social Stud-
Hemlock, Michigan-(Rural Agricul-
tural School)-Lower Elementary; Later
Elementary; Sr. H.S. Science.
Van Dyke, Michigan - Elementary;
Speech Correction; H.S. Speech.
Modesto, California-Elementary.
Kingsport, Tennessee - Elementary;
Jr. H.S. General Shop; General Science;
Mathematics; Language Arts; Span-
ish or Latin; Instrumental Music; Art;
Sr. H.S. Science; Commerce; English.
Maumee, Ohio - Elementary; High
School Industrial Arts; Home Econom-
ics; Business Education with minor in
either Social Studies, English, or Math-
Wheaton, Illinois-Elementary.
Henderson, Nevada - Elementary -
Kindergarten through grade eight; Sev-
enth & Eighth Grade Manual Training.
Palmer, Alaska - Elementary. High
School Mathematics; Home Economics;
Athletic Coach; Commercial.
ForA additionalinformation, please
contact the Bureau of Apnointments,
3528 Administration Building, NO 3-
1511, Ext. 489,-
Chamber of Commerce, Ashland, Wisc.,
is seeking an executive secretary,
Electro Engrg. Products Co., Inc.,
Chicago, Ill., has an opening for Engrs
to work with motors, generators and
The Polymer Corp., Reading, Penn.,
Is in search of several young men with
a strong technical background to do
technical sales development work.
Florida Merit System announcesrexam
for Medical Social Consultant to par-
ticipgte in the administration of a
statewide program of medical social
services for crippled children. Re-
quires completion for an accredited
course in Medical Social Work in an ap-
proved School of Social Work and three
years' experience.
Stamats Publishing Co., Cedar Rapids,
Iow, wishes to add two or three com-
petent young men to tehe staffs of the
magazines National Real Estate and
Building Journal and Building. These
men will handle editorial duties and
make advertising sales contacts. Re-
quires a college degree and one to.three
years business experience.
Michigan Civil Service announces
exams for the following positions:
Houseparent, Alphabetic Bookkeeping
Machine Clerk A2, Alphabetic Book-
keeping Machine Clerk A, Numeric
Bookkeeping Machine Clerk A2, Farm
Placement, Specialist 1, Farm Place-
ment Specialist II, Institution Chaplain

Adrian, Mich-B.S. & M.S. in Mech.
and Metal. E. for Research and Devel.
Eaton Manufacturing Co., Detroit,
Mich:-B.S. i In d. Mech. E., and
Engrg. Mech.E B.S. & M.S. InAero..
Metal. E., and Physics for Training
Course for Manufacturing, Selling and
Elect. Corp. of America, Cambridge,
Mass.-B.S. in Mech. E., B.S. & M.S in
Elect. E. and Math., all levels in Phys-
ics, U.S. citizens, for Research, Devel,
Design and Engrg.
Haven-Busch Co., Grand Rapids,
Mich.-B.S. & M.S. in Civil E. and Ar-
chitecture (Structural Steel Back-
ground) for Sales Representative Trai-
Kent-More Organization, Jackson,
Mich.-B.S. in Ind. and Mech. E. for
Summer and Regular Production Engrg,
Mich. Molded Plastics, Inc., Dexter,
MIch.-B.S.. in Mech. and Materials E.
for Drafting, Product & Tool Design,
Plastic Engrg.
The Ohio Oil Co., Refining Dept.,
Robinson, Ill.-B.S. in Chem. E. for
Petroleum Refining Processing & Con-
Wyandotte Chem. Corp., wyndotte,
Mich.-al levels of Chem. E.. and Chem-
istry for Research, Design, Manufactur-
ing, and Sales.
Mon., and Tues., March 28 & 29-
McDonnell Aircraft Corp., St. Louis,
Mo.-all levels of Aero., Civil, Elect.,
Ind., Mech., Engrg. Mech., Engrg. Math.
and Physics for Summer and Regular
Design, Devel., Production.
Tues., March 29-
American Blower Corp., Detroit,
Mich.-all levels of Mech., Elect., and
Ind E. for Engrg., Manufacturing, and
Sales. U.S. citizens only.
Baker Perkins Inc., Saginaw, Mich.-
B.S. in Mech. E. for Design, Devel., and
B.F. Goodrich Co., Tire & Equipment
Div., Troy, Ohio-B.S. in Aero. and
Mech. E. for Design, Deve., Field Engrg.
Devoe & Raynolds Co., Inc., Louis-
ville, Ky.-B.S. & M.S. in Chem. E. for
Product Deve.
Nat' Cash Register Co., Dayton, Ohio
--B.S. in Mech., Elect., Metal., and
Chem. E. and Physics for Product Re-
search and Devel., Plant and Produc-
tion Engrg
Reo Motors, Inc., Lansing, Mich-
B.S. & M.S. in all Engrg. programs with
emphasis on Automotive Engrg. for
Summer (Auto. students only) and
Regular Research, Design, Devel., Man-
ufacturing, Sales and Engrg.
Rochester Gas & Electric Corp., Roch-
ester, N.Y.,-B.S. in Civil, Elec. & Mech.
Engrg. for Trining & Engineering.
Shelby Salesbook Co., Shelby, Ohio,-
B.S. & M.S. degrees in Mech., & Ind.
Engrg. with no military obligations, for
Product Research.
Wed., March 30-
Carter Parts Company, Ann Arbor
Division, Any Arbor, Mich.,-B.S. degrees
in Elec. or Mech. Engrg. for ,Develop-
Detroit Controls Corp., Detroit, Mich.,
& Research Division, Redwood City,
Calif.-B.S. & M.S. degrees in Elec.,
Mech., Ind., Engrg., & Bus. Admin. ma-
jors; & B.S. degrees in Met. Engrg. for
Product Development; Production De-
sign & Planning Engineering Admini-
strative Asst. California,-B.S. degrees
in Mech. Engrg. and Engrg.-Physics for
Research & Development.
(Continued on Page )
To the Editor
UMT Bill..
To the Editor:
HAVE YOU written your con-
gressman lately? Hearings are
now being held on H.R. 2967, a bill
to provide for a modified UMT and
compulsory Reserve. Write now to
your congressman to vote against
this bill unless you favor the mili-
tarization of youth. The bill pro-
vides for:
1) Compulsory reserve service of
six years for those who have fin-
ished their two-year draft period;
2) A limited group of about 100,.
000 "volunteers" to take six
months of training, followed by
nine and one-half years of re-
serve duty.
If you feel you need more infor-
mation about this bill contact:
National Couilcil AgainstnCon-
scription, 104 "C" Street, N.E.,
Washington 2, D.C., or National
Service Board, 1105 K Street, N.W.,

Washington 5, D.C., or Women's
International League for Peace
and Freedom, 5461 Brush St., De-
troit 2, Mich., or contact your lo-
cal minister or your representative
in Congress,
--R.F. Christmann
Sixty-Fifth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Eugene Hartwig ......Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers .............City Editor
Jon Sobeloff......Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs..Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad .........Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart .......Associate Editor
David Livingston .......Sports Editor
Hanley Gurwin ....Assoc. Spc--ts Editor
Warren Wertheimer
.....Associate Sports Edito.
Roz Shlimovitz ........Women's Editor
Janet Smith Associate Women's Editor
John Hirtzel .......Chief Photographer
Business Stafff
Lois Pollak .........Business Manager
Phil Brunskinl, Assoc. Business Manager
Bill Wise ........Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski .Finance Manager
Telephone NO 23-24-1

DURING the seven years which
have elapsed since the estab-
lishment of the State of Israel, twoE
parallel migratory movements,l
forming an extensive exchange ofE
population, took place between Is-
rael and her neighboring ArabI
countries. Some 600,000 Arabs left
Israel and are now spread over thei
Arab states, while about 350,0001
Jews from the adjacent Moslemt
countries were received and set-
tled in Israel. Such an exchange of
population was not unique to the
middles east, as there had been
many precedents to it in the his-
tory of other nations.
In this particular case, the ex-
change of population was causedI
by events during and following the
Arab-Israeli war. After Israel had;
won her independence, the posi-
tion of the Jews in the Arab coun-
tries was gravely disturbed. Op-
pression and intolerance, boycott
and expropriation, arrests and mob
violence, (of which the recent ex-
ecution of Jews in Egypt, after a
phony trial was but one example)
practiced by the Arabs, forced a
large exodus of Jews from such
Arab states as Yemen and Iraq.
These Jews were forced by the
Arabs to leave their homes, and
come to live in Israel. They arrived
in Israel penniless, since their en-
tire property had been confiscated
by the Arab governments.
THE PARALLEL migratory
movement, that of the Arabs
leaving Israel, -as brought about
by a war, waged by the Arab states
against Israel, in complete defiance
of a UN resolution. Had there been
no war, there would have been no
such movement. More specifically,
the Arab exodus from Israel took
place because of threats by the
Arab leaders, and in spite of Jew-
ish persuasion to stay. There is
enough evidence to this effect by
neutral as well as by Arab observ-
ers. To quote just one Arab news-
paper the "Kul Shay" (published
in Beirut, Lebanon) of August 19,
"Who brought the Palestinians
to the Lebanon as refugees? Who
brought them over in dire straits
and without a penny? The Arab
states, and the Lebanon among
The different fate of the com-
munities participating In these two
migratory movements is also strik-
ing. On the Israeli side, every pos-
sible aid was extended by the gov-
ernment and the population to the
Jewish refugees. As a result, these
refugees were rapidly rehabilitated
economically, as well as culturally
and socially. The Arab refugees,
on the other hand, are being de-
barred by a deliberate policy, uni-
formly and rigorously enforced by
the Arab states, from settling per-
manently in the lands to which
they had been directed. Even funds
provided by the UN for resettling
the Arab refugees, were not ap-
plied to that purpose. As a result,
the Arab refugees are still living
in their camps, devoid of minimum
sanitary installatiors, and domi-
nated by poverty and misery.
Strangely enough Israel has been
the only country in the middle
east which extended aid to the
Arab refugees: 1) Blocked banking
accounts of these refugees, held by
Israeli banks were released; 2)
The repatriation to Israel of a
few thousand of Arab refugees was
permitted, on humanitarian
grounds, in order to unify fami-
lies: and 3) Israel has asserted her
readiness to negotiate a solution to
any problem involved in this hu-.
manitarian issue, including com-
pensation for property, within
overall peace negotiation.

FOR THE Arab leaders, however,
the problem is not a humanitar-
ian one. It is rather an issue
through which they hope to
achieve political and military
gains. They make no secret of the
fact that by demanding the return
of the Arab refugees to Israel, they
intend to annihilate Israel by in-
troducing a strong 5th column into
her borders. It has also been rec-
ognized by western countries that
repatriation would not be in the
interest of the refugees, since it
would mean a return to a com-
pletely new and foreign social and
cultural environment. The mass
transformation which Israel has
undergone in the last few years,
would require tremendous read-
justment by any returning Arab
refugees. The only solution to the
refugee problem is their permanent
resettlement in the Arab countries,
thereby completing the exchange
of population.
The interest of the Arab lead-
ers however, lies elsewhere. For
them the refugee camps are a val-
uable propaganda tool against Is-
rael as well as the UN. These

IT WAS the late Dr. Weizmann
who once declared that he want-
ed to make Palestine "as Jewish as
England is English." Much of this
program the Zionists have achiev-
ed. The logical consequence of the
program has been the rendering
homeless of about 800,000 Arabs.
But the tragedy of the Arab
refugee is not only that he has
been lingering on the edge of the
desert, homeless, destitute, and in
despair for over six years. The
tragedy runs deeper. He has exist-
ed in Palestine as farmer or towns-
man for over a thousand years.
The country is his. He had the
right to decide whether or not an
alien people should immigrate to
his country and impose a politi-
cal state in his land. He had the
right to decide on the way of life
he wished to lead and the right
to rule himself in the way he
wished to rule himself. But these
rights have been brutally denied
him. By their total disregard for
the basic rights of the Palestinian
Arab, the Zionists have committed
the gravest crime of all-the crime
of depriving a people of its rights
to live in its own country and de-
termine its own affairs. I am con-
vinced that in the Palestine ven-
ture the Zionists have betrayed
the Jewish tradition that has al-
ways stood against injustice in
all its forms.
THE Palestinian Arab exodus
began, in the main, as a result
of the affair at Deir Yassin. True,
prior to that there had been
movement of civilians both Arabs
and Jews from danger areas. But
this movement was slight. On
April 9, 1948, the Irgun attacked
the Arab village of Deir Yassin.
Its citizpns fought but were over-
come by superior arms and train-
ing. The Irgun occupied the vil-
lage and proceeded to murder
every man, woman, and child.
However, terror alone did not
cause the refugee problem. Pales-
tinian Arab towns and villages
were attacked, occupied by the
Israeli army, and the inhabitants
of these towns were evicted by
force, and were not allowed to
carry with them any of their prop-
erty. The usual Israeli alibi has
been that. they did that for secur-
ity. But "security" has been used
to justify crimes everywhere.
Thus through terror and force
a population has been uprooted
from its ancestral homeland. The
refugees have lingered in camps
for over six years, fed on meager
supplies by the U.N. The Christian
churches have done much to al-
leviate their suffering. At this
point one must mention the self-
less devotio of the American
Quakers in alleviating suffering,
The Arabs will never forget these
THE Zionists accuse the. Arab
states of a) doing nothing to
help the suffering of the refugees,
b opposing their re-settlement for
sinister political ends, and c) using
the refugees to carry on a guerrilla
warfare against Israel. None of
these accusations are just. They
are merely formidable means to
divert public attention from the
fact that the Zionists themselves
are responsible for the refugee
tragedy. Probably also the Zionists
take refuge in such arguments to
persuade themselves that they are
not responsible. It is a subtle form
of self-deception.
To begin with the Arab coun-
tries have not forsaken the refu-
gees in their plight. I for one, will
never forget the splendid work the
Egyptian Red Crescent did in the,
Ramallah area for the refugees.
The Arab governments have pro-
vided facilities, food and shelter.
Currently in the Jericho district,
Musa al-Alami, a Palestinian Arab
is developing his boys' towns for

the Arab refugees. He was started
on his project with funds from
the Iraqi government. The pro-
ject to develop the Yarmuk was
intended as a partial solution to
refugee misery. The Arab states
have absorbed many of the refu-
gees as citizens in their own coun-
The question of re-settlement
poses two inter-related problems
to the Arab governments, one
moral, the other, political. The
moral issue is that the refugees
as a whole do not want to be re-
settled. To decree that they should
be re-settled would be to violate
their rights in determining their
own affairs. From this follows the
political problem. Any Arab gov-
ernment that decrees re-settle-
ment is faced with the prospect of
a revolution on its hands. Part of
the resentment of the refugees
that rioted in the Gaza district
has been due to the presence of an
Egyptian plan to re-settle the
refugees somewhere in Sinai.
qTHE LAST accusation, that the
Arashe neurae marauding. is

Arab, Israeli Students'
Views on Arab Refugees
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following two articles by Israeli student Mordechal
sap!s oMt juaasad vanu jvW TaV31 aAlIv uasasdai qnl; q3 v puS ululaiN
on the problem of Arab refugees from Israel.)


Back to Top

© 2021 Regents of the University of Michigan