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VOL. LXV, No. 3 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1954
Pharmacologist States Position
To Intellectual Freedom Group
(EDITOR'S NOTE~: This is the third in a series of articles discussing
evidence presented to University officials, faculty appeal committees and
to The Daily in the case of Prof. Mark Nickerson. He appeared before a
House Sub-Committee on Un-American Activities at a Lansing hearing .in
May. He was suspended by University President Harlan H. Hatcher pend-
ing further investigation of his case by University committees.
(Today's article presents a letter written by Prof. Nickerson to the Com-
mittee on Intellectual Freedom and Integrity, an appeal group acting as a
sub-committee of the Special Advisory Committee to the President.)
By PAT ROELOFS
Associate City Editor
The Special Advisory Committee to the President turned in a
split decision on the case of Prof. Mark Nickerson of the pharma-
Three men voted for reinstatement of the pharmacologist, two
voted for dismissal. Following receipt of written reports by both sides
of the Committee, President Hatcher wrote Prof. Nickerson informing
him that he would recommend Prof. Nickerson's dismissal to the
The President referred Prof. Nickerson to a by-law of the Fa-
culty Senate that provided the right to appeal his case to the Com-
mittee on Intellectual Freedom and Integrity.
The Intellectual Freedom and Integrity group, was composed of
Prof. Angus Campbell, Director of Survey Research Center, as chair-
man; Prof. Raymond Garner, biological chemistry department; Prof.
Karl Litzenberg, English department;- Prof. Gilbert Ross of the Music
School; and Prof. Allan Smith of the Law School.
Prof. Nickerson's appeal letter to the above group, dated July 31,
read as follows:
"Dear Doctor Campbell:
"I will answer what I believe to be the President's charges and
attempt to correct misinterpretations of my position . .
"I have never injected my political opinions, past or present, in-
to my teaching, and I have scrupulously avoided using my position as
a teacher to exert political influence on students within or outside
of the classroom.
"... I do not deny the investigative authority of Congressional
committees, but when they enter the field of my personal beliefs and
associations, which the Constitution specifically exempts from gov-
ernmental control, my constitutional right to refuse to answer is cer-
tainly no less weighty than their authority to ask questions. I feel
that the First Amendment to the Constitution provides the most im-
portant basis for my refusal to answer.
"Indeed, I relied only on the First Amendment until the Com-
mittee refused to recognize its validity. I then also invoked the Fifth
Amendment on the advice of my counsel who pointed out that the
combination of the present atmosphere of near hysteria, the un
defined and almost undefinable nature of such terms as "conspiracy
to advocate" made any discussion of what might be considered to be
unpopular political beliefs a potential course of unjust prosecution.
".. I make no apology for my use of the First and Fifth Amend-
ments. I believe that I used them in the context and the spirit for
which they were intended. Not to have invoked them would, in my
mind, have been an affront to the principles for which the Bill of
Role of Informer
"... An additional reason for refusing to cooperate with the com-
mittee was that such cooperation would have led me inevitably into
the role of an informer. This would have involved the moral degrada-
tion of breaking confidences, and the more serious result of spreading
the pattern of attempted thought suppression to involve other irfdi.
viduals and universities. This reason has more moral than legal im-
port. I could not live with myself in the role of an informer, and I
strongly suspect that a majority of my colleagues on this faculty
would find my company most distasteful if I had played that role."
(Prof. Nickerson pointed out that many people have the view
that answering questions of investigating committees is one's duty,
but the same people will refuse to inform on others on a moral ground.
The difficulty with this position, he believes, is that the person fol-
lowing this procedure may be cited for contempt of court.)
His letter continued: ". . . I will attempt briefly to outline my
relations to the Communist Party and to communism in a broader
sense. I have been a member of the Communist Party in the past, but
I have not been a member since several years prior to coming to the
University of Michigan. I left the party because of a conflict between
party responsibilities and my scientific activities. It became impossible
to carry out both in a satisfactory manner, and my interest in phar-
macological research was greater than my interest in continued poli-
tical activity of any kind.
My political interests have centered around three major
social problems: (1) the organization of labor as both an economic
and a political force, (2) racial discrimination, particularly the eco-
nomic basis for such discrimination, and (3) the relationship of prix-
ate ownership of the means of production to economic cycles and to
international tensions and conflicts as a result of the exploitation
of foreign markets .. .
"I was attracted to the Communist Party because it appeared to
have the clearest and most intellectually consistent interpretation of
these problems and because the members of this political party were
the only group who appeared consistently to be willing to expend
their time and energy in seeking a solution .. .
"If the President's comment that I still hold the views I held as
a member of the Communist Party means that I still believe that the
best solution of the problems of economic cycles and of international
conflicts over markets rests in public ownership of the means of pro-
duction, that racial discrimination can be definitely resolved only by
the elimination of economic exploitation, and that labor should be a
major and organized political force in our democracy, then he is per-
fectly correct. These may not be. majority opinions at the present
See PROF. NICKERSON'S, Page 4
----- -- -------
'Ensian, Daily, Generation
Planning Tryout Sessions
Seniors may make 'Ensian
picture appointments from 9
a.m. to noon and 1 to 3 p.m. to-
day on the Diag, and at the
Student Publications Building
from 1 to 5 p.m. today, tomor-
row and Monday through Fri-
day next . week, according to
Paul Geiger, '55, Business Man-
ager. Picture-taking will begin
Re ents O.K.
Gives $200;000 I
net 1vIy. By JIM DYGERT
The University Board of Regents
accepted gifts and grants amount-
A; A tt ee U rges ing to $370,495.20 during its meet.
Largest was the $200,000 from
the National Foundation for Infan-
D sertio t tile Paralysis, New York, for the
Polio Vaccine Evaluation Fund.I
Two grants totaling $42,740 were
Of Chiang accepted from the Arthritis and
Rheumatism Foundation, Michigan
Chapter. A grant of $29,000 for the
LONDON (4--Back from Moscow Elmer Gedeon Memorial Scholar-
and Peiping, Labor Leader Clem- ship Fund was given to the Board
ent Attlee called on the West in Control of Intercollegiate Ath-
Wednesday to get rid of Generalis- letics.
simo Chiang Kai-shek at once. Name Changed
Simultaneously, Attlee's lieuten- General approval was given to
ants supported the principle of making the necessary legal and
West German rearmament in the procedural studies regarding cov-
face of determined opposition from erage of University employees un-
left wing and pacifist groups at a der Socinl Security.
meeting of the Labor party's Na- The name of the Registrar's of-
tional Executive Committee. fice was changed to the Office of
'Get Rid of Chiang' Registration and Records.bEdward
Arriving home after talks with G. Groesbeck, who has been as-
ApRuinhnmeChitertkse Commu- sistant registrar, was appointed to
top Russian and Chinese Commu- the office of director, effective im-
No mention of plans for a SW-
dent Government Council was
made at the Board of Regents
Before the Board's meeting, Re-
gent Otto E. Eckert, J. Joseph Her-
bert and Roscoe O. Bonisteel, to-
gether with University Vice-Pres
WdentJames A. Lewis, Prof. W.
Earl Britton of the engineering
.college and Dean Earl V. Moore of
the music school met to discuss the
The committee made no report
to the full Regents meeting.
Late yesterday, chiefs of nine
major student organizations as-
serted, the fate of both SGC and
SL . is uncertain since delay makes
it nearly impossible for students
to hold a referendum endorsing
- or disapproving SGC and also to
j hold elections by late November
when Student Legislature elections
are generally scheduled.
Delay may .mean, they indicat-
ed, that SGC could not possibly
UNIVERSITY PRESIDENT HATCHER PRESIDES OVER* YESTERDAY'S
BOARD OF REGENTS MEETING
No Call to Senate To Act
On McCarthy Censure
nist leaders, Attlee told reporters
at London airport:
"Personally speaking, I think the
sooner we get rid of Chiang Kai-
shek and his troops the better."
The establishment of a graduate
program in Hospital Administra-
tion in the School of Business Ad-
ministration was also approved.
Nine faculty appointments and
I ---- I
WASHINGTON - J. Mark
Trice, secretary of the Senate,
said yesterday he had been advised
by the office of Sen. Knowland
would be made before Thursday Square D Riots...
on whether a pre-election session DETROIT - Alarmed by what,
of the Senate will be called to act police called the worst violence,;
i .tinp.. ,,distruntion of -ropnerty
Long ago Attlee went on record two committee appointments were (R-Calif.) that no announcement on a resolution to censure Sen. in the dayu esouar D iCsrik
in favor of giving Peiping repre- also approved by the Regents. McCarthy (R-Wis.). in the 100day Square D Co. strike
sentatives the United Nations seat, Dr. Edgar Wendeil Hewson, a Trice, who waited into the night* yesterday, city officials called a
held by Nationalist China, a war- research physicist and lecturer at IHCto receive a call mKnowland conference to restore law and
time ally of the Western powers. the University since 1953, was ap- the Senate majority leader, had order,
Attlee, who was Prime Minister pointed professor of meteorology The Inter-House Council will said earlier there was a possibility 'MayoxrAlbCrtmE.ss oecd
when Britain recognized Mao Tze-1(half-time) in the College of Engi- hold its first meeting of the he would be instructed shortly toPiggins on whether police have
tung's Red regime in 1950, de- neering for three years. year at 7:30 p.m. today in sent out telegrams summoning found indications of subversive ac-
scribed Formosa - island strong- Walter E. Thomas, a design su- South Quad. Stan Levy, '55, senators to return here. tivities in the strike.
hold of Chiang's Chinese National- pervisor in the grad'uate school of IHC president announced yes- Sept. 29 was the date generally * * *
ist troops - as "the biggest dif- the Chrysler Institute of Engineer- terday. mentioned for the start of the .i.o
ficulty of all" in the Orient, ing, was appointed assistant pro- session, although some thought it n cti . .
fessor of drawig i the College might be a few days earlier. FT. SHERIDAN, Ill. - White-
ear of Engineering for the academic Movie p t 11S( . Trice said Krowland's office haired Lt. Col. Harry Fleming, 46,i
RIfheeearisit ROTC Faculty All organizations interested in had informed him the senator had yesterday was convicted of col-
. . William H. Cummings was ap- sponsoring Cinema Guild movies another Republican senator he laborating with the enemy in a
18 S rorttes pointed assistant professor in the may pick up petitions at Student wanted to contact before making North Korean prison cam, the
Department of Forestry in the Legislature offices in the Union a decision but did not expect to martialed on this charge.
th e women School of Natural Resources for basement from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. reach him in time for an an- * * a
have registered for the annual a period of one year. Dr. John H. Monday thru Friday. nouncement Wednesday night.
sorority rushing period which be- Giese was appointed visiting lec- Ike Campaigns ..
gan last Saturday with a series of turer in mathematics in the Lit- -b1' I MISSOULA,- Mont. - President
informal mixers. Rushing contin- ery college. m- I ss R ush n g M eeting Eisenhower, hunting congression-
ues through Sundaye, Oct. 3, when Fve appointm~ents were ap ' " "' al election votes in a restrained;
proved to the faculties of two of kind of way, declared last night
affiliatesmadw the ROTC units. Colonel William tAmerican citizens generally are
H. Parkhill was appointed profes- I forTIo aybetter able to look after their needs
Initial. registration figures show sor of air science and chairman "than is some bureaucrat in far-
that 1,160 women - more than half of the Department of Air Science. v A A off Washington."
of them freshmen - ar now in Major Charles M. Callis was ap- * * *.
the process of visingh mpus' pointed assistant professor of air Social fraternity rushing proceedings will be initiated at 7.30 prison Riot .. .
18 sorority houses, according to science. Captain Louis E. DuBois p.m. today in the Union ballroom when the Interfraternity Council!
Margaret Splinder, '55, Panhellenic was named to a similar post. holds its annual mass rushing meeting.A( JEFFERSON CITrY, Mo.-
In th Department of military A near record total of 847 men have registered thus far for ary con-
Asii rsn ciaI e ere oMlr A a eo tt o87 e heesr tu f fr
The Regents' refusal to act
on the proposed Student Gov-
ernment Council plan at today's
meeting comes as a disappoint-
ing delay. The Regents have
had this, plan under considera-
tion since their May 1954 Leet-
ing and their failure to act
leaves student government in
a state of uncertainty.
It is hoped that the Student
Affairs Study Committee will
be able at its Monday meeting
to arrive at solutions that will
prove satisfactory both to the
Regents and the students. It is
urged that the Regents reach a
final decision on the student
*government proposal at their
Signed: Jean Bromfield, Pan-
Hellenic President; Hazel
Frank, Assembly President;
Lucy Landers, League Presi-
dent; John Baily, Inter-Frater%-
pity Council; Gene Hartwig,
Daily Managing Editor; Steve1
Jelin, Student Legislature Prei-
ident; Tawfiq Khoury, Joint
Judiciary Council Chairman;
Tom Leopold, Union President;
I Stan Levy, IHC President.
Rushing continues with informai
parties this week. Further activi-
ties include parties this Saturday
and Sunday when the entire soror-
ity houses will be shown. Outdoor
suppers are planned next week.
On Oct. 1 and 2, rushees will
visit the two houses in which they
are most interested for final des-
Scienc( and Tactics, Captain Deno- '
van C. Dover, Artillery, and Cap-
tain Norbert J. Wayne, Infan~ry,
were appointed assistant profes-j
sors of military science and tac-
Dr. A. James French was named
for a three-year term on the Ex-
ecutive Committee of the Medicalj
the f inl wpo inement r 0 O hirce 1s
the fall rushing session making a large crowd highly probable for to- last night, p released t othe r convicts
night's function. last night, reesdohrcnit
and set fire to some buildings at
With one week of rushing registration remaining, it seems al- the Missouri state prison.
most certain that the all time
sign-up mark of 885 set last fall' day and Monday, rushing will con- F lHA Probe ...
go into effect until late April and
that thus student government
would be virtually meaningless un-
til that time.
Vice-President Lewis reported
the committee questioned wheth-
er the SGC's constitution -sub-
Mitted to the Regents' May meet-
Nabbed at Library
will be ecSart Monday tinue until Sunday, Oct. 10. DETROIT - Senator Capehart ing by the Student Affairs Study
Actual rushing ets under way Robert Knutson, '56, IFC Rush- (R-Ind. estimated yesterday that Committee after lengthy weekly
Sunday and Monday with all fra- ing Chairman, emphasizes that "windfall" profits and home loan meetings last spring, was suffici-
rushing counsellors will be in the frauds under the Federal Housing ent to determine the proposed
Both the mass rushing meeting Office of Student Affairs register- Administration totaled $500,000,000. scope and power of SGC.
Band the open houses are open to jing men for rushing through Wed- Capehart is chairman of the I Also questioned was whether
all rushees. nesday. Counsellors are available Senate Banking Committee which four days was enough time for the
The IFG emphasizes that no i for individual counselling if it is will open an investigation today Board of Review, which would
vtthenIar ede desired. into FHA operations in Michigan. have veto power over any juris-
vtations are needed. -dictional questions involving SGC,
'George Haggerty '25, formei:
Gnivergetyagg-coere c reLIto announce their decision to ,'e-
University all-conference basket- REVAMPED PLAN: view an SGC-passed measure.
f balrnd baseball star oill be hte Thatrnew suggestions passed by
feturedg pe ker t t nighs C ASL arrived before the Regents>
meeting. L Group Asks Change committee only at 9 a.m. yester-
His remarks will concern the day, too late for the Regents to
I benefit of his fraternity experience Controsdrst olteyr the n
to hs suces in he bsinss I ~ ''~! consider completely before their
o his success in the business ai Controlsfull meeting, was another reason
digrndgaindicated for the delay.
Haggertydr-IA fourth reason for further con-
uate days was a member of Delta By MURRY FRYMER sideration indicated by Vice-Pre-
Kappa Epsilon fraternity. - Phi One of the recommendations concerning the financial controls of ident Lewis was Regential desire
Delta Phi. Sphinx and Michiga- the proposed Student Government Couincil was revamped by a Stu- to reconvene the SASC group
Conference Direction dent Legislature group ea'rly yesterday before the Regents meeting. which prepared the original SGC
He has maintained association The recommendation as submitted to the Regents meeting read: proposal last spring after several
with the Univesity by serving the i ordance with the theory of one central student government, months of study: SASC will be re-
Ilast few years as a director of the the SOC eventually be given fi-4 -_____- -_- - __----------- ---- convened to consider some further
University Interfraternity Alum- nancial control over student or- tent that that activity fell in that questions raised by the Regents on
ni Conference. . ganizations. area. SGC plan.
- . . . ~ w~Sunnrt for, SL
'Mm Tftinhiaran T"faily 'Vncian
rs4' ;ter':;:> h;