THE LADEJINSKY CASE
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
COLDER, SNOW FLURRIES
VOL. LXV, No. 78 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JANUARY 9, 1955
WASHINGTON (1') - Furthe
impetus was given yesterday to
reopening of a Senate investiga
tion of the Maj. Irving Peress cas
after what some senators called
belated disclosure of new informa
tion by the Army.
Democrats on the Senate In
vestigations subcommittee had in
dicated they planned an inquiry t
clear up the case even before th
Army disclosed Friday that Lt
Gen. Walter L. Weible, a deput
'~chief of staff, and Army counsel
for John G. Adams, made the fina
decision to grant Peress an hon
Sen. Henry M. Jackson (D
Wash.), a member of the subcom
mittee, said the Army had permit
ted the Peress case "to become
national issue by failing to give
simple, candid explanation o
Must Answer Questions
Indicating he expected the sub
committee to go into the whol
matter, Senator Jackson said tha
"sooner or later" the Army mus
answer some simple question
about its handling of Peress.
Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R
Wis), still acting as chairman o
the subcommittee until the Dem
ocrats take control in the wee]
ahead, sent out formal notices fo
a closed meeting tomorrow morn
ing and planned to urge tha
some top Army officials be called
Senator McCarthy hurled
charge of "deliberate deception'
at the Army and demanded the
Refused to Answer
Peress is a New York City den-
tist who refused to answer ques-
tions about Communist affiliations
in testifying before the McCar-
thy subcommittee last Jan. 30.
Senator McCarthy, calling Pe-
ress "a Fifth Amendment Commu-
nist," demanded that he be court-
martialed by the Army, but on
Feb. 2 of last year the Army per-
mitted Peress to leave with an
honorable discharge in line with
previous orders to get him out of
This decision to grant Peress"
request for an immediate dis-
charge, instead of waiting until
March 31, was made by Weible
and Adams, the Army said, after
they decided no new evidence war-
rented holding him. The Army's
handling of the case was set out
in a 10,000 word chronology."
"Taken Long For Facts'
Sen. J. L. McClellan (D-Ark),
who will succeed Senator McCar
thy as chairman of the Investiga-
*tions subcommittee in the new
said "it is strange that it has tak-
en this long to disclose the facts,
if these are the facts."
Democrats indicated they felt it
would be well to call Army au-
thorities and have them testify
under oath. They said privately
they felt this might not have been
necessary except for what they
called the apparent reluctance of
the Army in the past to set out
the whole story.
Sen. Price Daniel (D-Tex), an-
nounced that he, Sen. Arthur Wat-
kins (R-Utah) and others were
sponsoring a resolution calling for
"completion of all pending and
! unfinished investigations" involv-
ing alleged Communist angles.
The Army report named 62 per-
sons, including Weible and Adams,
as having had a part at one time
or another in the promotion and
discharge of Peress.
"Why I am a Democrat" will be
the discussion topic of the annual
Democratic Party Day tomorrow
when students interested in parti-
san politics meet Michigan Demo-
crat leaders at the hackham
The program will begin at 10
a.m. with a welco'he address by
Assistant to the President Erich A.
SEEK ANSWER TO POLIO-Dr. Thomas Francis Jr.. (left),
director of the Poliomyelitis Vaccine Evaluation Center discusses
data being studied at the Center with his deputy director Dr.
Robert F. Korns.
Salk Vaccine Given
Field Trials in'5
(This is the fourthin a series of articles about polio-its history, its
effects and the fight against it.)
By LEE MARKS
At a cost of $7,500,000 a "massive medical investigation of unprec-
edented proportions" was carried out during 1954-field trials to prove
the effectiveness of Salk vaccine.
Two questions had to be answered before final acceptance of Salk
vaccine. First-will it protect against paralytic polio under natural
conditions. Second-how well will it protect and for how long?
These two questions will be answered in April by Dr. Thomas
Francis, chairman of the epidemiology department.
To Provide Data
In order to provide data for Dr. Francis' evaluation more than
1,300,000 shots of Salk vaccine were given during the field trials.
F irst Cheek
By JANE HOWARD
Forty dollars isn't usually con-
sidered a lot of money.
In the office of the Alumni Asso-
ciation, however, the sum is right
now a significant one. It marks the
first contribution of an alumnus to
the University through a new pro-
gram of the General Electric Cor-
poration Educational and Charit-
GE announced final launching
of the fund, known as the Corpor-
ate Alumnus Program, in Decem-
ber, with the program to function
actively between Jan. 1 and Dec.
15 of this year.
Every Dollar Matched
Every contribution of GE em-
ployes to their colleges and univer-
sities made in 1955 will, through
the program, be matched by equal
corporation donations to the insti-
tutions. Limits to individual con-
tributions have been set at $1,-
The $40 check now in the office
here, according to Alumni Associ-
ation General Secretary T. Haw-
ley- Tapping, probably won't be
alone in its category for long.
"General Electric," he estimated,
"employs about 750 University
Officials of the corporation,
Tapping added, have predicted an
average contribution of $10-dou-
bled by GE to $20-from each of
its employes participating in the
program. Total GE contributions
to the nation's colleges and uni-
versities, he said, probably will
Not Technically Limited
GE's program, he continued, is
unique in thatmit's not limited to
technical uses of the money con-
tributed, as have been most other
university - industr7 programs.
Alumni participants in the pro-
gram may, if they wish, designate
any use, within a wide range of
limits, for their contributions.
See GE, Page 6
Police Find No
Sign of Arson
No evidence of arson in Friday
It was conducted in 217 areas
in 44 states, Canada and Finland.
In all, 440,000 children in the
United States were given injec-
tions of Salk vaccine and an ad-
ditional 210,000 were injected with
a placebo (a harmless substance
that looks like vaccine but has no
More than 1,180,000 children re-
ceived no injections but were used
as a control group making a to-
tal of close to 2,000,000 partici-
pants in the trials.
Conducted in Two Ways
Trials were conducted in two
ways. In 11 of the 44 states injec-
tions were given to first, second
and third graders with half re-
ceiving Salk vaccine and half re-
ceiving the placebo.
In the remaining 33 states vac-
cine was given to second grade pu-
pils only with first and third grad-
ers serving as control groups.
Before the trials were conclud-
ed, more than 20,000 physicians,
40,000 registered nurses, 50,000
teachers and 200,000 volunteer
workers had helped participate.
One phase of the trials remains
--evaluation. Dr. Francis, working
with a staff of more than 120 and
supported by a grant of $890,000
is presently determining the ef-
fectiveness of the Salk vaccine.
His work is being conducted at
the Poliomyelitis Vaccine Evalu-
ation Center, housed in an old red
building, once a maternity hospi-
tal, on Catherine St.
Assisting Dr. Francis is Dr. Rob-
ert F. Korns, who is on leave from
his position as director of the Bu
reau of Epidemiology and Com-
See SA ILK, Page 6
To B e Held
By DAVE BAAD
Student Government Council's
steeringcommittee voted yester-
day to hold SGC elections March
15 and 16.
All committee members except
Student Legislature cabinet repre-
sentatives who wante' elections on
March 22 and 23 voted for the
Believing the dates would not
give SL time to organize a com-
pletely successful election, SL Pres-
ident Ned Simon, '55, decline Le-
gislature responsibility for overall
conduct of the election.
Under the direction of the steer-
ing committee however, SL will be
in charge of polls, vote counting
and candidate training.
SL Vice-President Ruth Rossner,
'55, named previously by SL to
direct elections, was appointed by
the steering committee to act in
the same capacity under its aus-
Elections for J-Hop representa-
tives, senior class officers, Union
vice-presidents, Board in Control
of Student Publications and the
Board in Control,of Intercollegiate
Athletics will also be held March
15 and 16.
A complete elections calendar
was prepared following the steer-
ing committee meeting by Miss
Rossner and a sub-committee com-
posed of Inter-House Council Pre-
sident Stan Levy, '55, SL Member-
at-Large David Levy, '57, and Vice
President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis
Petitioning will open Feb. 8 and
continue through Feb. 21.
SL's candidate training sessions
are set for Feb. 22, 24, 26 and 28
followed by campaign time up to
the time of the elections.
Petitions will be secured and re-
turned to SGC Administrative Se-
cretary Ruth Callahan at 1020
Deadline for possible referenda
to appear on the ballot will be the'
same as petitions for SGC posts,
Under direction of Interfrater-1
nity Council President John Baity,
'55, IFC, IHC, Pan-Hellenic and
Assembly are responsible for per-
sonnel to operate election booths
during the election.
Oxnam To Give
Talk on Liberties'
"Are the Procedures of Investi-
gating Committees a Threat to
Our Freedom?" will be the sub-
ject of an address by Bishop G.
Bromley Oxnam at 7 p.m. today
at the First Methodist Church.
Bishop Oxnam, who requested a
hearing before the House Un-
American Activities Committee to
clear his own name because of un-
true newspaper articles agout him,'
will include some of his own ex-
periences before the Committee in
UPSET WIN-Ron Kramer (27) goes up in the air for two of his 14 points, as Ohio State, cagers
John Miller (17) and Don Kelley (6) try to prevent the shot. Michigan surprised the Buckeyes by
handing them their first Big Ten loss in overtime, 88 -to 81.
Cagers, lers Score W ins
By Doti 1,GREY'
Study To Expand
Ford Foundation has given the
Law School a grant of $500,000,
University President Harlan Hat-
cher announced yesterday.
The grant is t6 be used in the
future development of the Law
School's program of international
and foreign law.
Given over a period of ten years,
President Hatcher estimates that
principal and income from the
grant will provide about $60,000
annually for fellowships, addition-
al faculty service, special research,
conferences and co-operative ac-
tivities with other law schools.
Four Grants Announced
TheUniversity's grant is one of
four being announced today by
Ford Foundation. Other schools
involved in the $4,650,000 project
for the development of interna-
tional legal studies are Harvard,
$2,050,000; Columbia, $1,500,000
and Stanford, $600,000.
Included in the grants to Co-
lumbia and Harvard are provisions
for construction of physical fa-
cilities on a matching basis.
Assist Law School
Primary purpose of the grant
is to assist the University's Law
School to improve leadership in
American life by giving a better
understanding of international af-
fairs to Americans trained in law.
President Hatcher said it pro.
poses to do this by exteding in-
struction in international and for-
eign law as an integral part of un-
dergraduate studies in the law
over Michigan State held fast
again last night, as the Wolverines
pounded out a decisive 3-1 win
over the Spartans before 3,000 en-
thusiastic spectators at the Coli-
seum to sweep the weekend -series.!
State was looking for its first
win over Michigan since 1928, but
it was not in the cards for the sec-
ond night in a row, as 'M' goalie
Lorne Howes played another out-
standing game, backed by one
score in each of the three periods!
by teammates Yves Hebert, Jay
Goold and Captain Bill MacFar-
Michigan Assured Fourth
The win assures Michigan at!
least a tie for fourth place in the'
Western Intercollegiate Hockey
The first period of play was,
SOUTH BEND, Ind. 0P)--
"I'm very pleased to meet you
sir," a foreign student said re-
spectfully to a dean at the Uni-
versity of Notre Dame. "I've
heard you are a wise guy."
Mishandled idioms like that
prompted the university to set
up a special course to go be-
yond the usual English instruc-
tion for freshmen and to fa-
miliarize foreign students with
By The Associated Press
By STEVE HEILPERN
A brilliant team effort by Mich-
igan - offset Robin Freeman's 35
points and gave the Wolverines a
thrilling 88-81 overtime triumph!
over Ohio State at Yost Field
House last night before an esti-
mated throng of nearly 8.000.
Forward Torn Jorgenson scored
seven of Michigan's 11 points in
the overtime period to spark the
home team. The Buckeyes, after
the regulation game had ended at
77-all, started strong in the five-
minute extra session, scoring four
quick tallies, but then Jorgenson
took command and matters chang-
Jorgenson Breaks Tie
marked by numerous scoring op-
portunities for both sides, with
hard checking, and sensational de-
fensive work by both cage tenders
Schiller and Howes. The fast pace
finally brought results, when
Goold broke down the left side,
lifted a knee-high pass to Hebert,
racing toward the goal mouth.
With a slap of his stick, the jun-
ior wing poked the disc past the
lunging Schiller, and Michigan
was off to a 1-0 lead at 11:51.
Soon after, Schiller made two
great stops on scoring efforts by
See PUCKSTERS, Page 3
BERLIN - Two Americans re- Jorgenson broke the tie seconds
BRnI Tofrerianst fre-a;later with a driving layup, and
turned to the free West from a!added three foul shots in the last
Soviet forced labor camp yester- minute of action to insure the vic-
day and reported seeing a, third tory.
American at the camp early last Jorgenson, however, a 1min o s t
turned out to be the goat of the
year. One of the two men freed game. With Michigan in possession
declared fervently: and the score knotted at 77 with
"I have a lot to tell." less than two minutes remaining
Finally released by Soviet au- in the second half, he held thej
FACULTY SENATE REPORT:
Educators Rank Low in Wage Scale
thorities after repeated U.S. de-
mands were John H. Noble, 31. of
Detroit, and Pvt. William Mar-
chuk, 38, of Norristown, Pa. They
were handed over to U.S. Author-
ities at the Soviet Command head-
quartbrs in East Berlin.
U.S. officials quoted Noble as
saying he had seen another Amer-
ican, Pvt. William lArdine of
Starks, La., at the prison camp
last year. He said Verdine ap-
peared to be ill.
Draft Extension . .
WASHINGTON - Rep. Carl
Vinson (D-Ga.) said yesterday the
House Armed Services Commit-
tee will consider first a straight
four-year extension of the pres-
ent draft law, and delay until later
action on a proposal to train 17-
year-olds for reserve assignments.
. * *
China Talks . ..
ball till ten seconds were left, then
drove the basket. He couldn't con-
fr' hCrrh t rtf nRtzrire
-Other important purposes of
the grant are to provide training
in the United States for able
young lawyers from foreign coun-
tries, to aid research in intorna-
tional and comparative law, to
train teachers in these subjects
'and to give specialized instruc-
tion in relation to international
and foreign problems.
Expressing the University's ap-
-preciation of the gift, Pr~esident
Hatcher commented, "This gener-
ous grant recognizes the splendid
work being done by the faculty of
the Law School and adds new
strength to its service in this im-
portant field of teaching and re-
Dean of the Law School E.
Blythe Stason said, "This grant
will afford invaluable support for
our working in international and
comparative law. It will permit us
to more than double our present
program in those fields. It will
broaden and strengthen our work
in many important ways."
Since international law was first
offered at the University in 1919,
Dean Stason reported, the Law
School has over the years acquir-
ed a unique reputation both for
the quality of its instruction and
for the large numbers of students
who enroll in the courses.
"The University of Michigan
Law School has " long been noted
as a center for studies in inter-
national and comparative law,"
Dean Stason continued.
He added, "Prof. William W.
Bishop Jr., who now teaches the
subject at Michigan, reports in
recent years a larger number of
students have enrolled in the in-
ternational law course at Michigan
than in any other law. school in
By JIM DYGERT
Although faculty salaries at the
University are among the highest
in the nation, it took an average
increase of 4.2 per cent in 1954-
55 to return to their 1939-40 level
of purchasing power.
Meanwhile, the average full time
employe in the United States in
1953 received in real annual earn-
ings 47 per cent more than he did
in 1939, according to the Report
on the Economic Status of the
Faculty prepared for the Faculty
"The implications not only for
the University of Michigan but for
the academic profession at large
not much relative improvement
has been produced. It suggests a
minimum increase of two to three
per cent per year as necessary to
retain thehpresent relationship of
parity with 1939 buying power.
The 1954-55 University budget,
as approved by the Regents, in-
cluded $523,000 for improvement
of faculty salaries through selec-
tive merit increases.
Average Increase $297
With 93 per cent of the faculty
receiving salary increases this
year, the average salary rose $297.
As the salary scale now stands,
the average salary of a full pro-
Dean of Faculties Marvin L. Nie-
huss had estimated that faculty
salaries have increased relative to
those at some leading institutions
in recent years.
But he added that some pre-
viously lower ranked colleges and
universities have been improving
The report attributed its infor-
mation for comparisons with sal-
aries of other universities to con-
servation with administrative offi-
cers in close touch with the ques-
Referring to the competition of
government and industry for col-
uro unisudribbe, and the Buckeyes
Guard Charley Ellis missed on
a long set shot and the game went
Robin Freeman, who was "off,"
connecting on but ten of 31 field
goal attempts, lived up to his
notices by displaying some of the
finest outside shooting seen here
in years. Guarded closely by Don
Eaddy, his ability to fake and
feint caused the Michigan defen-
sive ace to foul out early in the
Eaddy limited Freeman's effec-
tiveness to the extent that he
made only five of 17 field. goal
attempts good in the first half.
Milt Lingle, Jim Shearon and Jor-
genson also took turns guarding
the mighty mite from Cincinnati,
but, could not avoid fouling him.
Harvey Williams played one of
his finer games, scoring 20 of his
24 points in the first half. The
6' 8" center rebounded well and
held opposing pivot Charles Ropes
to four points.
Kramer, Shearon Star
Also outstanding were Ron Kra-
mer and Jim Shearon. Kramer
See HOOP, Page 3
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.-UN
Secretary General Dag Hammar-
skjold and Red China's Premier
Chou En Lai said there is strong
probability that the next session,
tomorrow will be the last.
There was not hint either from
Peiping radio, which broadcast a
For the second day in a row yes-
terday, the weatherman was right.
Friday he nredicted yesterday '