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' £CTY UA W_ C
V XV. N.V r 7
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1955
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RL. lf1l Yy lyl V. i0 - -
NICHOLAS T. GONCHAROFF
..."a religion of sincerity"
Goncharoff Calls Religion
Answer to Communism
By SHIRLEY CROOG and MARY ANN THOMAS
"The positive answer to fighting Communism is a belief in a
religion of sincerity and unity of purpose between Christian socie-
ties," Nicholas T. Goncharoff, former Russian Army officer, said
Representing the national organization of the American Friends
of Russian Freedom, Goncharoff spoke on the Religious Crisis of
Today" at a luncheon sponsored by Lane Hall.
Prof. Frank R. Barnett of Wabash College, Ind., director of the
AFRF and one of the leading exponents of aiding Russian refugees,
cautioned, "War is not inevitable. It is likely, however, if we do not
take steps to avoid it."
"Our alternative to making peace is to transrer the idea of military
hardware to the realm of spiritual values," Prof. Barnett added. He
said one must use positive deeds of friendship toward the people
behind the Iron Curtain to illustrate dededication in spiritual values.
"We must make the United States government aware that private
A two-story addition to the
construction already in progress
on the Michigan Union, cost-
ing an estimated $100,000, was
discussed at last night's meet-
ing of the Union Board of Di-
According to Union President
Tom Leopold, '55, shell for the
project is expected to be built
after the present Union addi-
tion is completed. The added
space will be used for student
After Union Board action is
taken, the proposed structure,
Leopold said, will probably be!
considered at the next meeting
of the Board of Regents.
By The Associated Press
'U' Program . . -
DETROIT-J. W. Parker, chair-
man of the industrial committee
for the University of Michigan
Engineering Laboratories, yester-
day urged a multi-million dollar
five-year development program to
revitalize the. College of Engi-
Parker told a luncheon meeting
of the engineering society of De-
troit the program is necessary to
keep pace with Soviet Russia's
stepped-up engineering program.
Juvenile Prison . .
LANSING - Michigan's legisla-
ture may be asked to set up a
separate penal system for the
state's youthful offenders.
Members of the State Correc-
tions Commission agreed to set up
a committee to study the estab-
lishment of a program to keep
juveniles segregated from harden-
The commission's decision to
move rapidly ahead with such a
program was spurred by Commis-
sioner Talbot Smith of Ann Arbor,
who steps down from the commis-.
sion Tuesday to become a State
Supreme Court Justice.
Fliers Discussed.. .
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.-Dag
Hammarskjold and Chou Enlai
talked for more than three hours
in Peiping yesterday about 11
American fliers jailed as spies and
other United Nations personnel
held by the Communists.
WASHINGTON - Compulsory
military training for all draft-age
youths and a folr-year extension
of Selective Service were proposed
in Congress yesterday with power-
Without waiting for the Admin-
istration to offer details of its own
proposals, Chairman Richard Rus-
sell ID-Ga.) and six other mem-
bers of the Senate Armed Services
Committee introduced a measure
in that body.
Big Ten Threatens
NCAA TV Boycott
Pacific Coast Conference indicates
Support After Crisler's Speech
By JACK HORWITZ
With one of the strongest statements to come from the Big
Ten, the Western Conference yesterday threatened to boycott or
secede from the National Collegiate Athletic Association.
The statement was made in an effort to get the NCAA to change
its present television policy, televising only One' football game na-
tionally per week, to letting the individual schools make their own
H. 0. "Fritz" Crisler, athletic director of the University and
Big Ten spokesman during the NCAA discussion, said that the West-
ern Conference could not accept another control plan like the one
instituted during the past season'
State of Union Message
Ma Re uest
A student tax and the addition
of a second Vice-Presidency are
the major changes being consider-
ed in a current revision of the
Assmbly Association Constitution.
Twenty-five cents to be taken
out of the house dues of each inde-
pendent woman on campus per
year would net assembly approxi-
mately $750 in addition to the
$1200 currently obtained from
service projects. It would go a long
way toward alleviating "our main
headache," a very tight budget,
according to Hazel Frank, '56, As-
Miss Frank estimates that the
average house dues are $3.
Largest item in assembly's bud-
get is $867.26 which covers the cost
of the group's publication "Assem-
bly Line" and for pages in the
'Ensian and League Lowdown.
This year assembly is operating
on deficit of $120.16.
The proposed new officer, Ad-
ministrative Vice-President would
work closely with the President on
matters of internal organization.
Since the creation of Student,
Government Council on which As-
sembly is represented the Presi-
dent's duties have increased and it
has become even more important
to have an assistant, Miss Frank
Assembly's other Vice President,
who has always worked with the
organization's League House Coun-
cil will now be called Vice Pre-
sident in Charge of League Hous-
citzens can reach out. to people
behind the Iron Curtain and show
them that the West cares for them
and wants to prevent war," the
Elizabethan drama professor said.
Illustrating how Communist
movements are used to penetrate
a country from within, thus setting
the stage for revolution, Gonchar-
off said that in 1954 273,000 na-
tive leaders were educated in pro-
fessional fields in the Soviet Un-
ion and satellite countries.
These people returned to their
countries as political leaders, pre-
pared to begin Commtinst move-
"Communist dictatorship has
been able to control Russian life,"
the director of the Free Russian
Youth Club added in a speech lat-
er yesterday, "but it has not been
able to control our thought."
Desire for Freedom
While Communists have devel-
oped tremendous propaganda to
indoctrinate the Russian people,
Goncharoff tressed, "there is no
Iron Curtain between the hearts
of the Russian people and people
of the United States. The pea-
sants want freedom."
"The United States is the only
power able to give Russians the
answer," he continued, "but the*
tragedy is that often the west
doesn't like to be disturbed."
for football games.
Imply PCC Action
Immediately after Crisler's
speech, Al Masters of Stanford+
rose to state that the Pacific
Coast Conference would definitely
support the regional television
program. This would indicate that
if the Big Ten should withdraw
from the NCAA, the PCC would
follow in their footsteps.
Crisler indicated that if thes
1955 television committee of the"
NCAA could formulate and present
to the entire body a plan similar
to the previous one, then the Big
Ten would reject it and probably
adopt a television plan of its own.
This would be in conflict with the
Crisler's lengthy speech startled
the many college athletic leaders
at the 49th annual convention of
the NCAA. The implication of
withdrawal was evident to them
and many people feel that if thel
Big Ten should withdraw from the
association, the entire organization
would collapse. t
The vigorous statement from
the Western Conference in favor
of regional television highlighted
a busy day in which members ofi
the' American Football Coaches1
Association voted informally by a
3-1 margin to continue the 19541
type of television controls.
Upholds Old Plans
Proponents of the old plans,
namely the eastern schools, ques-
tioned the feasibility of a regional
television plan. They indicatedi
that it would practically kill foot-
See BIG TEN, Page 3
WASHINGTON (A)-Sen. Char-
les E. Potter (R-Mich.) 'said yes-.
terday he has renewed efforts to
get Secretary of the Army Robert.
Stevens and Army Counselor John
G. Adams ousted from the Penta-
Sen. Potter made the statement
to a reporter as new rumors, lack-
ing confirmation, circulated that
the two men might announce their
resignations around Feb. 4.
Michigan's Senator was a mem-
ber of the special, Senate Investi-
gations subcommittee which held
televised hearings on the Army
officials' row with Sen. Joseph R.
McCarthy (R-Wis.) last year.
Sen. Potter said he "informed
the 'administration" within the last
six weeks he still thought Stevens
and Adams should resign
SGC Group Will
The steering committee directed
transition from the present form
of student government to Student
Government Council will meet
again in the Union at 1 p.m. to-
No definite action was taken at
yesterday's m e e t i n g, although
election's date possibilities were
narrowed to March 15 and 16 and
T/ nre~h 99 and 23.
NEW YORK UP) - W
selling engulfed the stock
yesterday for the secondc
row, but a rally in late a
At the close, wider
ranged from $3 to $5 a
the higher-priced issues.
Volume surged to
shares, greatest since Sept
when war broke out in Eu
Selling became intense
afternoon. Brokers' offic
pammed and their phone
silent. Announcement tha
ate committee plannedt
the long rise in the market
a flood of new queries to
Brokers watched clos
signs that the big group
investors was selling. T
prted considerable unloa
"non-professionals" but e
belief that the great ma
smaller investors was hol
New Year High
The New York Times' av
industrial stock price so
458.69 on Monday, the hig
el since Sept. 20, 1929,a
2.3 per cent below the
summit of 469.49, regis
Sept. 19 of that year.
Two hundred and eigh
sues set price highs for 19
The advance was seena
tinuation of the enthusia
which 1954 ended, and p
in the future with which 1
ed, and prosperity in th
Prof. Douglas A. Haye
in stocks to the recovery
eral business conditions f
year's moderate recessio
dence in general econom
oment because .of favorab
tion relief for individuals,,
sion funds which have cor
to demand of stock.
Cause for thought ofa
sion, resembling the one
when stock prices rose to
heights, did not seem to b
horizon according to Pro
who remarked, "historyi
By DAVID KAPLAN
declines Virgil Thomson, noted composer and former music critic of the
share in New York Herald Tribune, will give a lecture entitled "Memoirs of a
Music Critic" at 9:15 a.m. today in the Union Ballroom.
5,300,000 Speaking at the opening session of a two-day Midwestern Music.
. 5, 1939, Conference being held here, Thomson recently resigned from his
urope. post as head of the Herald Tribune's seven-man music staff.
"When I took the job in 1940 I didn't think I'd like it. I did,
in the and then had fun for 14 years. That's long enough wouldn't you say?"
ce4 were Music Criticism
is seldom Discussing music criticism, Thomson said that it is "not really
at a Sen- a standard profession. The job of a critic is primarily a writing lob.
to study The critic must be able to communicate to other musicians as well
dealers. as to the general public."
sely for "A reviewer must also convince readers that he knows what he
of new is talking about," Thomson added. "and must know something about
'hey re- music. You'd be surprised how many music reviewers don't know
iding by much about music."
expressed "My life doesn't change a bit now that I'm not reviewing,"
jority of Thomson said. "I just don't work nights," he added with a smile.
lding on. American Music
Commenting on music in America, Thomson said that a great
verage of deal of attention is now being given to operatic works. The splurge
oared to into opera follows the symphonic boom of the 1930's.
hest lev- "The opera boom has caught America in a spot." Thomson noted.
and only " Our composers chose poor libret-
historic tos and know the registers of the
tered on H FillsVarious clarinet better than those of the
p human voice."
hteen is- Executive Posts Regarding symphonic music,
y54-t-oe o .'Thomson feels that the sym-
During Inter-House Council's phony is "a little bit on the down
as a con- meeting last night, Dave Hubly, side these days all over the world.
ism with 57, was elected administrative Thomson has written two op-
s954 end- vice-president. eras, "Four Saints in Three Acts"
e future. To its radio study committee, and "Mother of Us All;" two sym-
Sof the William B. Weber, '55E, Ted Ro- phonies, choral works and pieces
for piano and small instrumental
finance mell, '56, Nelson Howe, '57, Kath- groups.
in gen- ryn Kneiske, '56, Jim Larkin, His latest work, a flute concerto,
from last '56E and Jerry Ostro, '56Bad. Nor- had its world premiere in Septem-
n, confi- vel Hubbel, '58, was named chair- ber in Venice, Italy.
ic envir- man of the group while Jerry Mor- He has also written music for
ble taxa- man.of t three documentary films and Rob-
and pen- hig will be its secretary. ert Flaherty's "Louisiana Story."
ntributed Following the passing of a mo- As an author, Thomson has had
tion by Thomas Bleha, '56, to set four books published: "The State
a depres- up a. committee to work with the of Music," "The Musical Scene,"
in 1929 IHC Cabinet and individual chair- "The Art of Judging Music" and
aaIng CaiMusicidviua har Ler , ~rlft."
day in a
MUSIC CRITIC THOMSON WILL DISCUSS MEMOIRS
itic Memoirs Subject
Vir il Thomson Talk
WASHINGTON P) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower held out
the hand of cooperation to the
new, Democratic-controlled Con-
gress yesterday along with a mas-
sive legislative program keyed to
warding off "the catastrophe of
In a message to the lawmakers
on the State of the Union, bidding,
strongly for political harmony and
good will; President Eisenhower
saw a heartening hope for world
peace, and progress toward the
ultimate "rule of freedom and jus-
Yet, he said that the peace of
today is insecure in the face of_
"military machines and ambitions
of the Soviet-Communist bloc"
that create sobering problems and
Both Parties Applaud
broke in with applause for a
promise that "America's response
to aggression will be swift and de-
cisive." R u s s i a n Ambassador
Georgi N. Zaroubin sat stone-faced
Among a number of the Con-
gress members who heard the
President deliver' his message in
person in the House chamber
there was something less than ex-
uberant enthusiasm for a mili-
See Condensed Text of Message, Page 4
tary program that will cut down
ma power ad place increased de-
pendence on airpower and new
weapons of "rapid and destructive
With the shift of congressional
control to the Democrats, Presi-
dent Eisenhower said, both parties
now are ."on trial." He called on
them to avoid paralysis and an-
'.indecision approaching futility."
In the domestic legislation field,
Eisenhower asked such measures
as a 90-cent minimum wage, new
tariff-cutting powers, f e d e r a1
health aids, revision of labor laws,
a lowered voting age, "affirmative
action" for more school facilities,
and statehood for Hawaii.
Program the chief executive laid.
down calls on America and Con-
gress to work for peace while re-
maining strong, to take steps to
strengthen the economy and ex-
pand prosperity, to meet the hu-
man needs of every citizen, and
move on to "a future filled with'
opportunity and hope."
Views on Plan
A suggested human relations
commission was the subject of
most comment at final public
hearings on the proposed new Ann
Civic Forum President Albert
Wheeler asked that the charter
provide for a governmental body
to investigate cases of possible dis-
crimination a g a i n s t minority
groups and to promote under-
standing through educational pro-
Such a commission would also
have the power to recommend ac-
tion to the city council. The pro-
posal was supported by several of
the nearly 100 citizens who filled
the city council chambers.
Plans to have county supervis-
ors appointed came in for critic-
ism. A poll of city officials re-
ported at the meeting showed half
the alderman and the mayor fav-
oring a system of elections similar
to that now in practice.
F9 .r. .r r RIM
Gamma Globulin, Salk
Vaccine Aid Polio Fight
Ten Young Men
TULSA, Okla (P) - Scientists
dominated America's 10 outstand-
ing young men of 1954, named
Saturday by- the United States
Junior Chamber of Commerce.
Dr. Wendell Phillips, 33, archae-
ologist and explorer. .
Maj. Charles E. Yeager, 31, Air
Force test pilot.
Robert F. Kennedy, 29; chief
counsel of the Senate Subcommit-
tee on Investigations.
Hamilton F. Richardson, 21,Da-
vis Cup tennis player.
(This is the second in a series of
articles aboutepolio-its history, its
effects and the fight against it.)
By LEE MARKS
For years little progress could
be shown to indicate that the
fight against polio was nearing an
In March, 1953 came the long-
awaited word that a polio vaccine
had passed the experimental stage
of laboratory testing. Developed by
Dr. Jonas E. Salk of the Univer-
sity of Pittsburgh, the vaccine was
a pinkish fluid containing all
three known types of polio virus.
Sixteen years of virus research
and more th'an $16,000,000 in
March of Dimes funds preceded
the advent of the trial polio vac-
However, the Salk vaccine was
not the first preventative intro-
duced. In 1951, Dr. William McD.
Hammon of the University of
Pittsburgh reported that a blood
fraction, called gamma globulin,
given in mass inoculations at the
proper time and in the proper
evaluations proved that GG can
give temporary protection only if
injected at the right time.
There were two major short-
comings to GG. Its protection was
temporary and lasted only for
about five weeks and the supply
of GG was limited. Developed
from blood materials, GG could
not be the final answer because
of its scarcity.
Yet, because it was all they had,
officers of the National Founda-
tion for Infantile Paralysis made
plans to use GG for mass inocula-
tions in 1953.
Before the polio season ended,
235,000 children received GG shots
between June 30 and mid-October
of 1953. "Operation Lollipop," as
the innoculations were termed,
finally became known as "Opera-
tion Ouch" as cries and yelps
greeted the quick sting of the GG
Because the 1953 inoculations
be on the
man in developing a tryout pro-
gram, Larry Levine, '56, Ken Gra-
ham, '57, and Sharon Chynoweth,I
'56Ed., were appointed to the posts.
'U' Symphony Band To Perform Today
"Music Left and Right."
Commenting on his future plans,
Thomson said, "I care more for
immediacy and don't know about
By HENRY FINNEY
String Orchestra, conducted by
The University Symphony Band, Prof. Gilbert Ross, University
under the direction of Prof. Wil- Opera Class under the direction
liam D. Revelli, will start its con- of Prof. Josef Blatt, and orches-
cert season and highlight the tras and choruses from Ann Ar-
Tenth Annual Midwestern Con- bor High School and other State
ference on School and Instiumen- High Schools will fill the Confer-
tal Music with a performance at ence schedule.
8:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium. The first of two Symphony
Works by Walton, Jacob, Ros- Band tours will be highlighted by
sini, Marinuzzi-Harding, Bach, a performance at the American
Reed, Robert Dvorak, Osser, Bilik, Bandmasters Association in Elk-
Goldman and Sousa will be in- hart, Indiana. At Elkhart, 15 fam-
cluded in the program. Admission ous band men, including Edwin
University, organized because of
the members' interest in ensemble
The University's first perma-
nent band conductor, Captain Wil-
fred Wilson, was made a faculty
member in 1915. Prof. Revelli, the
present director of Michigan
Bands, assumed his position in
1935. He has honorary degrees
from both the Chicago Musical
College and Oklahoma City Uni-
The earliest bands were German