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January 06, 1955 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1955-01-06

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National Foundation Needs
Your Help in Costly Fight

All Quiet A lmg The Potomm



POLIO IS A crippler-it leaves its cruel
trademark, paralysis, on many. Last year
close to 40,000 fell victim, many of them col-
lege students. Polio is an expensive disease to
fight. Iron lungs are costly-so are long months
in rehabilitation centers and tedious hours
with physical and occupational therapists.
But rehabilitation is only part of the story.
Millions of dollars are spent annually trying
to find a preventative, field-testing possible
vaccines, sponsoring new research.
THE NATIONAL Foundation for Infantile
Paralysis foots the bill through funds col-
lected by the annual March of Dimes drive.,
January is the crucial month-the Foundation
is now conducting a drive which must bring
in $64 million to meet costs.
This is the crucial year. The end may be in
sight. Until a few years ago doctors didn't even
know what they were fighting. Now they may
have the answer, though as yet it is still un-
proven-Salk vaccine. Research, done on grants

provided by the National Foundation, has
reached the point where Polio may become a
disease of the past. But there are still thous-
ands of patients to be cared for, research to be
done, tests to be held.
Even if reports on evaluation of Salk field
tests, to be announced by Dr. Thomas Francis
this spring, say, "Yes, you have the answer,"
it will be long years before the fight is over,
before everyone is vaccinated and the iron
lungs begin to gather dust. But that's the
best we can hope for-the worst is more years
of epidemics.
IT COSTS SO much-$64,000,000.
The dollar bills you stuff in the March of
Times envelope may be part of the million
dollars Dr. Francis needs, or it could help pay
part of the nine million dollars NFIP will
gamble on this year's batch of Salk vaccine.
Who knows? It might even help provide an
iron lung for your next-door-neighbor.
-Lee Marks

FA -t
. " , U
_vi z., .'. .

Lunch Cut
By Report
WASHINGTON-A secret report,
is on its way to President Eis-
enhower's desk urging him to crip-
ple the school lunch program.
The report is written by the
Commission on Intergovernment
Relations, formerly headed by
Clarence Manion, who was re-
placed by Meyer Kestabaum, head
of Hart, Schaffner and Marx, af-
ter Manion resigned over the
Bricker Amendment battle.
The Commission, which is sup-
posed to improve government ef-
ficiency, has taken a strong stand
through its subcommittee on edu-
cation against spending Federal
money for the school lunch pro-
Though acknowledging that the
"school lunch program is bene-
ficial to the health and welfare of
school children," the report urges
local financing and concludes:
"(the program)" is not a federal
responsibility. Federal participa-
tion should be gradually tapered
The secret report also recognizes
that "years of depression and war
have left a grossly inadequate
school plant," yet in the same
breath, it recommends flatly: "The
general conclusion is that federal
aid is not necessary for either cur-
rent operating expenses for pub-
lic schools or for capital expendi-
tures for new school facilities."
The Commission's solution is to
let the states and local co-mmuni-
Lies put up the money for school
construction "in accordance with
the will of their citizens."
This wouldr rean unequal edu-
cational opportunities for Ameri-
can youngstcrs, the Commission
acknowledges, because of "differ-
ences in fiscal ability among
(Copyright, 1955, by the Bell Syndicate)

University of Michigan
January 17 to January 27, 1955
For courses having both lectures and recitations, the time of
class is the time of the first lecture period of the week. For
courses having recitations only, the time of class is the time of
the first recitation period. Certain courses will be examined at
special periods as noted below the regular schedule.
Courses not included in either the regular schedule or the
special periods may use any examination period provided there
is no conflict or provided that, in case of a conflict, the conflict
is resolved by the class which conflicts with the regular schedule.
Each student should receive notification from his instructor
as to the time and place of his examination.

r. ___



(EDITOR'S NOTE: Pulitzer Prize-winning play-
wright Elmer Rice recorded the following obser-
vations in Sunday's New York Times.)
IF THE theatre is moribund, the news has
not reached Ann Arbor. During a recent two-
month visit to the University of Michigan, as
a sort of theatrical handyman, I was made
aware of a constant and lively interest in all
that pertains to the drama, from analyses of
Sophocles and the obscure Elizabethans to the
composition and production of one of those
varsity shows; from the writing of plays to the
manufacture of scenery, costumes and sound
My own .activities included general lectures
on censorship, on some social aspects of the
theatre in various parts of the world and on
the differences between reading a play and
seeing it acted (for the benefit of the many
students from small towns who have had little
experience of the living theatre); informal
talks on theatrical techniques to classes in
drama study, playwriting and play directing;
the reading of fifteen or twenty student plays
and conferences with the authors; the staging
of a student production of my play, "Dream
Girl," and the persistent badgering of good-
humored faculty members on the need for a
better coordinated and more fully integrated
program of theatre work.
W9HAT THE students got out of all this, I
can't say. But I can say that for me it was
enlightening and stimulating to discover so
much unspoiled appetite for the drama, so
much native talent for its creation and pro-
jection. Will the fresh palates develop taste
and supply that discriminating audience that
is essential to an adult theatre, or will they
become dulled by a standard and excessive diet
of mediocrity? Will the eager young play-
wrights, actors and directors fulfill their prom-
ise, or will they beat out their brains against
the bastions of Broadway, until they give up,
in frustration or despair, or turn to shoddy
work to make a dollar? Nobody knows the
answers. But these young people will soon be
confronted with the necessity of making a liv-
ing and, since idealism and creativeness are
not the commodities the automobile industry is
looking for, I assume these qualities are not
particularly important to the country..
Hectic Season
THERE IS plenty to keep the alert theatre-
goer busy in Ann Arbor. In the course of
two months there were visible, besides "Dream
Girl" and that varsity show, a touring com-
pany of "The Caine Mutiny Court Martial"
(which packed, for two performances, an audi-
torium seating 4,500); an excellent student
production of "Hamlet" (better than many pro-
fessional ones that I've seen); a not-so-good
student production of one-act plays; "Summer
and Smoke" and "The Curious Savage," pre-
sented by an off-campus amateur group;
"Arms and the Man," and "The Moon in the
Yellow River," performed by a new and still-
struggling professional stock company. Not a
bad bill of fare for a town of 40,000.
The student plays I read were surprisingly
good. (I say surprisingly, because I read a
good many manuscript plays every year.) They
ranged from whodunits to very precious ex-
ercises in surrealism. Mostly one-acters, they
were, in general, a little weak on the techni-
cal side. But the writing, on the whole, was

competent and, in many instances, far above
that. Most encouraging was the tendency away
from strict realism, the leaning toward imagi-
native, moral and even poetic themes. I was
asked to recommend four plays for production
and, since there were eight or ten that, in
spite of obvious flaws, seemed to me well worth
doing, I found it hard to make a choice.
No Investors
THE PRODUCTION of "Dream Girl" was,
for me, sheer delight: one of the happiest
experiences of forty years of theatrical life. I
suppose one reason I enjoyed it so is that it
was sheer workmanship; there was nothing
involved except putting on the best production
possible. Nobody's career was at stake; there
was no worry about investors; no grim and
pervading consciousness that you were gamb-
ling a year's hard work, on a single throw of
the dice. But there was much more to it than
that. It was the fun of working with a large
group of intelligent, eager, responsive young
persons-actors, technicians, stagehands-and
their extremely able faculty advisers; of over-
coming the handicap of inadequate facilities
and accommodating oneself to the unfamiliar
mores of a university campus (e.g. football
schedules, compulsory seminars and the cur-
few for the tender, young coeds). And, in the
end, the satisfaction of putting on a bang-up
production which, in terms of acting, lighting,
scenery and costumes, was far better than
most summer-stock productions, and better
than many that open on Broadway.
But, in administrative terms, the drama at
Michigan, like the drama everywhere in the
United States, is the stepchild, the poor rela-
tion of the arts. There are well-organized
schools of music and of architecture at Ann
Arbor, but the theatre must struggle along,
as best it can, with a patchwork system that
relegates some of its functions to the vastnesses
of the English Department, and others to the
omnium-gatherum of the Speech Department,
where it must compete with radio, TV, public-
speaking and the correction of stammering.
STUDENTS ARE trained for the practice of
law, medicine and engineering, but the
training of young people for the professional
theatre is frowned upon; one gets the feeling
that the stage is still looked upon as not quite
respectable, in spite of (or maybe because of)
the fact that the university's theatrical acti-
vities are partly financed by royalties from
"The Gold Diggers," "Getting Gertie's Garter"
and other works by that celebrated alumnus
Avery Hopwood.
Fortunately, Michigan's president, Harlan
Hatcher, is a former teacher of the drama, and
editor of a well-known anthology of plays. It is
to be hoped that his interest in the theatre
will lead to the establishment of a Drama De-
partment that will stand on its own feet and
provide a coordinated program embracing ev-
ery phase of dramatic study and practice.
Anyhow, I had a wonderful time in Ann Ar-.
bor, and I'm glad to be able to report that the
drama is very much alive there. I am not try-
ing to say that it is the major university in-
terest. The game with Michigan State at-
tracted 97,329 spectators (all the stadium
holds, at present); about 2,000 saw "Dream
Giril." But I still think that's pretty good.
-Elmer Rice
in The New York Times

THE President's relations with
the new Democratic Congress
will be determined only in part by
the issues which have to do with
the appropriation of money, the
levying of taxes, the making of
laws. The Democrats will now be
in control of the power of investi-
gation, aid the use they make of
this enormous and undefined pow-
er will probably determine the re-
lationship between the White
House and the Capitol.
As between President Eisenhow-
er and the present Democratic
leadership of the Congress there
are no deep and difficult differ-
ences of belief either about foreign
or domestic affairs. Why should
there be? The whole public career
of Gen. Eisenhower until he be-
came President was as an execu-
tive officer in a time when the
Congress was controlled by the
y samekind of men, in most cases
by the very samve men, with whom
he is now going to deal. It would
require a lot of hair-splitting to
find any serious differences of
principle between him and them.
They have lived and worked to-
gether most of their public lives.
THE biggest issue between him
and them is, as a matter of
fact, the question as to whether a
Republican or a Democrat is to
occupy the White House after the
elections of 1956. It is here that
the power of investigation could
become so important. For it can
be used not in order to help Con-
gress make laws but as an instru-
ment for discrediting and domi-
nating the executive branch of the
government. If the Democratic
leadership wanted to destroy the
popularity and influence of Eis-
enhower, they would not be able
to do it in the legislative debate
about issues. They would have to
resort to the abuse of the power
of investigation. The Republican
leadership of Congress tolerated
and connived at the abuse of the
investigating power, even when
the target was an administration
Sixty-Fifth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Eugene Hartwig .Managing Editor
Dorothy Myers ........ ...,.. City Editor
Jon Sobeloff ........Editorial Director
Pat Roelofs ......Associate City Editor
Becky Conrad .........Associate Editor
Nan Swinehart .......Associate Editor
Dave Livingston .........Sports Editor
Hanley Gurwin ....Assoc. Sports Editor
Warren Wertheimer
.Associate Sports Editor
Roz Shlimovitz ... ....Women's Editor
Joy Squires ..Associate Women's Editor
Janet Smith .Associate Women's Editor
Dean Morton ......Chief Photographer
Business Staff
Lois Pollak .........Business Manager
Phil Brunskil, Assoc. Business Manager
Bill Wise.........Advertising Manager
Mary Jean Monkoski .Finance Manager
Telephone NO 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively en-
titled to the use for republication of
all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights or republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second class mail
matter. Published daily except Monday.

of their own party under a Repub-
lican President. The temptation
to the Democrats, now that the
power is theirs, is obvious.
But there is every reason to
think that they have no inten-
tion of doing any such thing them-
selves, or of countenancing and en-
couraging it by independent op-
erators among them. The Demo-
cratic leaders are men of long ex-
perience; and in their public lives
they have become used to respon-
sibility. Moreover, they are on the
whole men who are politically se-
cure, with nothing to gain by
beating the tom-tom. Indeed, if
we speak the unvarnished truth,
Eisenhower is probably nearer in
doctrine and conviction to the
Democratic leaders of Congress
than is any Democrat likely to be
who has a chance of being elect-
ed President.
IT IS possible, I think to draw a
fairly clear line between prop-}
er and improper use of the con-
gressional power of investigation.
I do not conten that the rule I
am suggesting would apply every-
where and always and in all con-
ceivable cases. But the rule will
work most of the time and parti-
cularly in the cases which have
caused so much anguish, bitter-
ness, and dissension.
The rule is that when Congress
is investigating the executive
branch of the government, the
political head of a department or
agency should accept full respon-
sibility for his subordinates and be
held accountable for them. The
evil reflected by the case of Gen.
Zwicker, which was only one case
among many, was not merely that
this officer, rather than the Sec-
retary of the Army who was his
political chieftain, was made ans-
werable for a question of army
administration. Stevens was ans-
werable to Congress and he was
responsible for Zwicker. It is a
grave abuse ofthe legislative pow-
er of investigation if Congress
holds Zwicker, rather than Stev-
ens who is responsible for Zwick-
er, answerable.
THE RULE that political chiefs
and not civil servants and
military men-are answerable to
Congress is fundamental to good
administration and to a sound
and workable relationship be-
tween the executive and the legis-
lature. In the field of subversion
and security risks and corruption
the Congressional power to inves-
tigate should be limited to the re-
sponsible political chiefs and it
should be addressed to the ques-
tions of whether they are exercis-
ing their responsibilities so as to
justify the confidence of Con-
If they are not, they should be
replaced by other political chief-
tains. They cannot be replaced
and no attempt should be made to
replace them, by the chairman of
a Senate investigating committee.
That is to change these commit-
tees from being instruments for
holding the executive accountable
into irregular courts exercising
without rules or restraint the po-
lice power and the judicial power.
The chief of a Senate investigat-
ing committee cannot reach over
the head of the department chief
and seize a subordinate in order
to put him on trial, without de-
stroying the discipline and the
morale of the , department.
PUBLIC OPINION is not likely
to go far wrong if it applies
this rule to legislative investiga-
tions: who is being questioned? Is
he the boss, who is responsible, or
is he someone down the line? If he
is the boss who is being ques-
tioned, the committee may be
acting rightly or wrongly, wisely




Wednesday, January 19
Saturday, January 22
Tuesday, January 25
Monday, January 17
Tuesday, January 18
Tuesday, January 18
Thursday, January 27
Thursday, January 20
Friday, January 21
Monday, January 24
Wednesday, January 26
Tuesday, January 18
Thursday, January 27
Thursday, January 20,
Monday, January 17


Literature, Science and the Arts


English 1, 2
Zoology 1,
Botany 1, 2, 122
Economics 51, 52, 53, 54,
101, 153
French 1, 2, 11, 12, 31, 32
Russian 1
Political Science 1
Sociology 1, 54, 60
Spanish 1, 2, 31, 32
German 1, 2, 11. 31
Chemistry 1, 3, SE, 20, 23
Psychology 31

Monday, January 17
Wednesday, January 19.
Wednesday, January 19
Thursday, January 20
Friday, January 21
Friday, January 21
Saturday, January 22
Saturday, January 22
Monday, January 24
Monday, January 24
Tuesday, January 25
Wednesday, January 26






(Continued from Page 2)
Sophomore Electrical Engineering
Students: If you are interested in en-
tering a cooperative program with one
of the following companies: General
Electric, Allis Chalmers, Detroit Edi-
son, Michigan Bell Telephone, Radio
Corporation of America, or Chrysler
Corporation: see Prof. J. J. Carey,
Room 2519, East Engineering Building.
Botanical Seminar - Dr. Geoffrey
Downs, Deputy Chairman of the Soil,
Conservation Authority, victoria, Aus-
tralia, will discuss "The value of the
Ecological Approach to Land Use
Problems." (Kodachromes) Thurs., Jan.
6. 4:15 p.m. Refreshments. 1139 Natur-
al Science.
Doctoral Examination for Napoleon
V. Campomanes, Civil Engineering;
thesis: "The Prestress Losses and the
Flexural Strength of Lightweight Pre-
stressed Concrete Beams," Thurs.. Jan.
6, 301 West Engineering Bldg., at 2:30
p.m. Co-Chairmen, F. N. Menefee and
R. H. Sherlock.
School of Business Administration.
Faculty meeting Fri., Jan. 7, at 3:00
p.m., in Room 146.
Biological Chemistry Seminar: "Cop-
per Metabolism and Wilson's Disease,"
under the direction of Dr. J. P. Chand-
ler; Room 319, West Medical Building,
Fri., Jan. 7, at 4:00 p.m.
Electrical Engineering Department
Colloquium. Fri., Jan. 7. Dr. Walter F.
Bauer of Ramo-Wooldridge Corpora-
tion, "Logical Design of the ERA 1103
Computer." Coffee 4:00 p.m. Room 2500
E. Engineering Bldg. Talk 4:30 p.m.
Room 2084 E. Engineering Bldg.
Logic Seminar will meet Fri., Jan.
7 in 443 Mason Hall at 4:00 p.m. Dr.
Burks and Dr. Copi will speak on "The
Logical Design of an Idealized General
Purpose Computer."
Doctoral Examination for Henry Lew-
is Batts, Jr., Zoology: thesis: "An Eco-
logical Study of the Birds of a 64-Acre
Tract in Southern Michigan," Fri., Jan,
7, 2089 Natural Science Bldg., at 10:00
am. Chairman, H. WV. Hann.
Doctoral Examination for Edward
Erdelyi, Electrical Engineering; thesis:
"Predetermination of the Sound Pres-
sure Levels of Magnetic Noise in Medi-
um Induction Motors." Fri., Jan. 7,
2518 East Engineering Building, at 2:00
p.m. Chairman, E. R. Martin.
Doctoral Examination for Edwrad Ly-
tle Shurts, Chemical Engineering; the-
sis: "Ion Exclusion Equilibria for Gly-
cerol, Sodium Chloride, Water, and
Dowex-50 with Application to Continu-
ous Column Design," Fri., Jan. 7, 3201.
East Engineering Bldg., at 2:00 p.m.
Chairman, R. R. White.
Doctoral Examination for Russell
Wilson, Education; thesis: "A Study
of Educational Specifications: Their
Evolution, Preparation, and Contents,"
Fri., Jan. 7, 4015 University High
School, at 3:30 p.m. Chairman, H. R.
Doctoral Examination for Esther
Marcia LaRowe, Education; thesis: "The
Influence of Certain Non-School Fac-
tors on Children's Response to a Sixth-

English 11
Drawing 3
M.I.E. 136
C.E. 23, 151
Drawing 1
M.I.E. 135
C.M. 107
Economics 51, 52, 53, 54,
101, 153
Drawing 2
E.E. 5
P.E. 31, 32
E.M. 1, 2
C.M. 113. 115
Chemistry 1, 3, 5E, 20, 23

Monday, January 17
Monday, January 17
Monday, January 17
lAonday, January 17
Wednesday, January 19
Wednesday, January 19
Wednesday, January 19
Thursday, January 20
Friday, January 21
Friday, January 21
Saturday, January 22
Monday, January 24
Monday, January 24
Tuesday, January 25



Literature, Science and the Arts
No date of examination may be changed without the consent
of the Committee on Examination Schedules.
No date of examination may be changed without the con-
sent of the Classification Committee. All cases of conflicts be-
tween assigned examination periods must be reported for ad-
justment. See bulletin board outside Room 301 West Engineer-
ing Building before January 7 for instruction.
Individual examinations will be given for all applied music
courses (individual instruction) elected for credit in any unit of
the University. For time and place of examinations, see bulletin
board in the School of Music.
Courses not covered by this schedule, as well as any neces-
sary changes, will be indicated on the School bulletin board.






At Architecture Aud. , .
ALTHOUGH Mr. Deeds Goes To Town is on
the sentimental side, there are enough
laughs and good performances for a good mov-
It was first shown circa 1936 so that the pic-
ture is dark in appearance with a plethora of
misty shots, some of which, though, being very
There is one large fault present: the plot
of this picture has since been used over and
over again so that subsequent scenes are ob-
vious to a large extent.

continues to act as he always did back in Man-
drake Falls: with common sense in an eccentric
Longfellow makes a few enemies this way,
but he also falls in love with the reporter. And
when she has quit the paper because she cannot
write stories poking fun at him anymore (espe-
cially after he proposes) he finds out who she
is and prepares to leave the wicked Big Town.
But he doesn't, deciding to give his money away
so that the unemployed can go back to farming.
A law suit ensues which tries to have Long-
fellow declared insane and a rousing court-
room scene follows that must have been in doz-
ens of movies since this one.

days, 2:00-5:00 p.m. on Sundays. The
public is invited.
Events Today
The Congregational-Disciples Guild:
5:00-5:30 p.m., Mid-week Meditation in
Douglas Chapel, 7:00-8:00 p.m., Bible
Class at the Guild House. "Great Ideas
of the Bible."
La Petite causette meets Thurs., Jan.
6 from 3:30-5:00 p.m. in the left room
of the Union cafeteria. Venez tous et
parlez francais.
Senior Society will have its 'Ensian
picture taken at 5:00 p.m. Thurs. in
the League.
Christian Science Organization Testi-
monial Meeting, 7:30 p.m. Thurs., Fire-
side Room, Lane Hall.
International Center Tea. Thurs.,
Jan. 6, 4:30-6:00 p.m., Rackham Build-

the semester at the League. 8:30 p.M.
Jan. 6.
Coming Events
Episcopal Student Foundation. Can-
terbury Club at 7:30 p.m. Fri., Jan..7.
at Canterbury House. Ther Reverend
Charles Braidwood of Grace Church, La-
peer, will speak on "A Yank at Canter.
Newman Club--Hockey Hop Mixer
Fri., Jan. 7, at the Father Richard Cen-
ter, from 9:00-12:00 p.m. Entertainment
during intermission, refreshments.
Coffee Hour will be held in the Li-
brary at Lane Hall Fri. from 4:15-6:00
p.m. Dr. Nicholas Goncharoff and Dr.
Frank R. Barnett, who work with refu-
gees from Communist dominated coun-
tries, will be presented for informal
discussion. The Roger Williams Group
is Guild host.
2nd Laboratory Playbill, presented by
the Department of Speech, will be
staged in the Lydia Mendelssohn The-


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