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VISIBLE SPEECH: Prof. Gordon Peterson adjusts sound specto-
'U' Scientists Explore
By SHIRLEY CROOG
To most people the spoken word
is to be heard, and the written
Speech research scientists, how-
ever, have discovered otherwise.
Using "visible speech," pictures
of word sounds, scientists at the
University Speech Research Lab-
oratory are studying various prob-
lems in speech analysis.
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Visible speech is produced by the
sound spectograph. A stylus marks
the frequency of sound vibrations
varying against time. The mark-
ings produce a pattern on a re-
volving metal drum.
The heavier the sound intensity,
the darker the lines. Light and
dark lines contrast soft and loud
tones. This variability allows spo-
ken words to be "read."
The University speech labora-
tory is studying the problem of re-
constructing an automatic speech
synthesizer, according to Prof.
Gordon Peterson, editor-elect of
the Journal of Speech and Hear-
Speech synthesizers, it is hoped,
will be a part of a machine which
will enable the blind to read. This
device for blind education would
consist of three parts: an auto-
matic print reader to pick up the
words from the page; a computer
to decide which sounds are to be
spoken; and the speech synthe-
sizer to speak the words.
Proving its importance in other
scientific areas, the sound specto-
graph may also enable the deaf to
'hear," through visible patterns
of world sounds. Advances are be-
ing made, too, in speech correc-
Aids Language Study
Visible speech aids language and
vocal music study. The machine is
important in acoustical measure-
ment and in producing phonetical
"Basic research is primary,"
Prof. Peterson added. "The first
objective is to understand the pro-
cesses of vocal sounds formation,
the nature of sound waves, and
how the ear interprets them."
Work has been done on the pho-
netic typewriter, a machine which
produces written words by speak-
ing into it. This research has been
done in connection with "voice
dialing" by the Bell Telephone La-
By HARRY STRAUSS
Consumer-cross-section of cul-
This definition was given by
Prof. Aarre K. Lahti, acting chair-
man of the Department of Art.
The department is sponsoring
the annual Ann Arbor. Confer-
ence, Dec. 9 and 10, which will dis-
cuss the American consumer and
his influence on and reaction to
the design of mass produced goods.
A teacher of product design,
Prof. Lahti expressed his interest
in consumer research.
"The consumer is blamed for
many things but I find that if he
is given reasonable selections, he'll
make better choices," Prof. Lahti
said. An important factor is price,
he noted, for if a consumer finds
a design too expensive, the qual-
ity of the design is not enough to
make up the difference.
I"Taste is neither good nor bad
but is conditioned," Prof. Lahti
added, noting that fear of con-
sumer research leads to sameness.
"New products lead themselves to
Speaking about influences, Prof.
Lahti said that the consumer is not
in a position to design products.
Consumer research gives predica-
tive information about products
Prof. Lahti continued to say the
"professional people determine
what product the consumer could
use if he had it. Design depends
upon the behavior and attitude of
What keeps the consumer in
line, he said, is the desire for pre-
eminence as well as the desire for
Arts Center Play
To Be Held Over
Originally scheduled to close
Sunday, the Dramatics Arts Cen-'
ter production of "The Moon in
the Yellow River" by Denis John-
sion is being held over until next
Performances have been set for
8:15 p.m. Thursday, Friday and
Saturday, and there will be a
matinee performance at 2:30 p.m.
The Center's third production,
Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to
Conquer" will open Dec. 16. Run-
ning through Dec. 19, the play
will not be presented the week of
Dec. 23. It will reopen Dec. 30 till
The Jean Anouilh translation of
Sophocle's tragedy "Antigone" will
be the fourth presentation of the
By DAVID KAPLAN
"I blame the pre,ss for failure
to give wise counsel," William Mat-
thews, editor and publisher of the
Tuscon Daily Star, commented
As the first speaker in the Uni-
versity Lectures in Journalism,
Matthews noted that the American
press must be more responsible to
its readers than it has in the past.
He criticized the press for con-
fusing its readers by giving them
too much information, arousing
Matthews Details U.S. Press Failure
emotions unnecessarily and not
selecting the news to be printed.
Drawing on his experiences dur-
ing his numerous visits to the Or-
ient and Russia, Matthews siad
that we are "exaggerating Rus-
sian strength and mistaking So-
"We must learn to live with the
threat of war indefinitely," Mat-
thews said, "but Russia lacks the
enorm( sly greater food, morale
and railroad resources to start a
Discussing the United Nation's
role in world affairs, Matthews
noted that the UN is a "debating
society, with each nation respond-
ing according to its own interests.
The UN is as helpless as an infant,
but just as indispensable."
"The day of the economically
sovereign state is coming to an
end," Matthews said, "and the res-
ponsibility of educators, the press
and all thinkers is to recognize
fundamental duties. A free press
cannot be maintained unless there
is a free society."
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