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May 09, 1954 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1954-05-09

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See Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State


The Commttee
Vs. Communism
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the fourth in a series of editorials and interpre-
live articles dealing with the question of Congressional investigating coni-
imittees and civil liberties. Today's article was written by Allan Silver,
a graduate student in sociology.)
Too much discussion about Congressional investigators has gone
on in the easy rhetoric of praise and blame.
Too rarely have there been. attempts to analyze the mentality of
the investigators.-
The House Un-American Activities Committee released on May
14, 1951, a set of pamphlets called "100 Things You Should Know
About Communism."













On Six-Hitter
Eaddy's Single Wins
Second Encounter








Special to The Daily

These are remarkable and valuable documents. Prepared in a IOWA CITY, Iowa-Michigan's
question-aid-answer form for clarity of exposition, they are a sample defending Big Ten champions con-
of the Committee's thinking. They offer a glimpse at that image of tinued their quest for a second
Communism that guides the Committee's work. straight conference crown as the yF enc
Let's examine some excerpts from the Committee's publication both ends of a doubleheader by
that seem central to its mentality in three large areas: "What is Com- scores of 8-3 and 2-1.
munism?", "The Cause and Cure of Communism," and "How Does
Communism Work?" - Michigan State also won its
WHTI MN ?**doubleheader from Minnesota and F
y BigTen rck. Te Spatanshave T IS OMMUNSM?'thus holds down first place in the IFr Es
WHATIS CMMUNSMBig Ten race. The Spartans have
To this question the Committee gives unvarying answers: compiled a 6-1 record compared to
1. "A system by which one small group seeks to rule the world." the Wolverines' 7-2 mark. GENEVA - OP) - French
(.)** *eign Minister Georges Bida ult
(P. 6) 32) MICHIGAN tallied five times in voice choking with emotion, a

Lansing Hearings
Begin Tomorrow
Markert, Davis Deny Giving Names
To Paper; Davis Confirms Report


t. his

2. A p an and me oT O rul et e wor i. kp. J
A 3. "A conspiracy to conquer and rule the world by any means . . ."
(p. 47)
What in this definition enables us to differentiate Commun-
ism from a variety of other expansionist movements, past and
present, or to analyze it as a formal ideology, a political creed, an
aggressive imperialism?
It is really not a definition of Communism, but the description
of a bogey-man. It does not provide materials for thought; it inspires
only fear. In short, it is not analysis; it is propaganda.
The Committee's concept of Communism is vague and diffuse. De-
fensive righteousness displaces critical analysis.
The Committee's idea of Communism is thus of little use in a
serious attempt at understanding Communism; it might help us un-
derstand the Committee.
The Un-American Activities Committee is quite certain about the
cause of Communism:
"Q. What do they want, anyhow?"
"A. Power; Communists all have a craze for power, (p. 52)
"Q. What is Communism's greatest strength?
"A. Its secret appeal to the lust for power. Some people have aE
natural urge to dominate others ..." (p. 20)
"Craze ... lust . .. natural urge." Communism, it seems, is
something like a nasty instinct-it's just there, inside some peo-
ple, like an inherited perversion. It has' no relation to social
realities-we needn't Idok' for the influences that make Coin-
munists, because some people are just born that way.
Such an "instinct theory" of Communism implies that nothing;
but brute suppression is effective anti-Communism. Arranging things
so that people eat more and have a voice in their destiny, for example,
is ineffective anti-Communism because that craze, that lust, that nat-
ural urge will persist. All you can do is club it down.
"Q. Was Marx crazy?
"A. Perhaps. But Marx was not the first evil and crazy man to
start a terrible world upheaval ., ." (p. 33)
"Q. How did anybody fall for Marx?
"A. Some overlooked his craziness because he was one of the most
effective propagandists who ever lived. His preaching of destruction
1 appealed especially to people who wanted to rule others . . ." (p. 34)
* * * *
THE COMMITTEE'S ideas about social causation are grossly
primitive: join a "crazy" man to a "natural urge" and you've got all
the explanation needed.
According to the Committee's ideology, there is nothing wrong
with the world that causes people to become Communists; Commun-
ism is not a symptom of social imperfection, but a kind of Original Sin.
Such a view benefits chiefly those who have an interest in
denying the need for any important social changes. Certainly,
all who consider themselves anti-Communists will not agree with
The Committee has a point to make about such people: in dis-
cussing so-called "Communist-influenced text-books".
"Q. Do these books teach lies about this country, too?
"A. Yes. For example, some give students the idea that our coun-
try is hopelessly ridden with economic evils.
"Q. Isn't there something to it?
"A. . . The U.S. system, as it has been and still is, needs make
no apologies to any other.
"Q. What's biting these text-book writers, then?
"A. Communism. Whoever is touched with Communism loses his
sense of truth as we know it." (p. 58)
So the cycle is complete. If you disagree with the Committee's
opinion that Communism is a "natural urge," and if your evaluation
of social realities differs from the Committee's-then the quick hand
of suspicion falls upon you. The Committee decisively infers that the
"urge" is "biting" you.
Such attempts to transform private interests into patriotic vir-
tues are not new in the history of demagoguery.
* * *j

the second inning and twice more for a cease-fire in Indochina in
in the third inning to provide (the Geneva conference yesterday.
pitcher Marv Wisniewski with a) 24 hours after the fall of Dien
comfortable margin, and he went Bien Phu.
on to win the opener by the count He ran immediately into a Com-

Associate Editorial Director
The names of two University
faculty members who have been
subpoenaed by the Un-American

L. Markert of the zoology depart-
ment and Chandler Davis, instruc-
tor in the mathematics depart-

of 8-3.

Wildness on the part of Ron
Schaefer, Iowa pitcher, was the
deciding factor in the game.I
Schaefer hit Don Eaddy, whoI
led off the second inning, andf
Jack Corbett with pitches. Howie
Tommelein beat out a bunt, andt
the sacks were loaded.I
Schaefer then whiffed Mobyj
Benedict, but hit Dick Leach with
a pitch to force in a run. Wisniew-
ski then doubled off the rightfleld
wall to drive home three mates.I
Dan Cline's single drove home the'
THE HAWKEYES touched Wis-
niewski for a tally in the fourth,.
on a walk to Ed Lindsey, a singlet
by Bob Miller, and a double byt
Ron Capps. Lindseyt
The second encounter was aJ
neat pitching duel betweenr
Michigan's Jack Corbett andI
Iowa's EdL in sev

munist blocking action.
* * *
SOVIET Foreign Minister V. M.
Molotov, pointedly ignoring the
French proposal, tied the confer-
ence up in a procedural -not by
asking for the admission to the
talks of Red representatives of
Laos and Cambodia-part of Indo-
china not directly connected with
the current fighting.
France has called the so-called
Communist governments of Laos
and C ambodia "phantom re-j
gimes." France and the UnitedI
States promtply rejected the idea
of issuing any bid to them.
Molotov then tried to bring Redt
China into a proposed Big Four:
discussion of the proposed irvita-
tions. This the United States -,E-
Huang Hua, press spokesman for
Red China, said Bidault's proPos-
als for a cease-fire were "not rea-

Weuthertan 's Troubles
Not All Meteorological

Activities sub-committee for to- A DETROIT paper said yester-
morrow's hearings in Lansing were day the two faculty members will
made public yesterday, be called to testify. The paper did
The two men are Prof..Clement not, reveal its source. Rep. Clardy,
contacted last night in Lansing,
denied that the paper had receiv-
AT ed its information from Committee
Neither Prof. Markert nor Da-
Roundun vis released his name to that pa-
By The Associated Press # Prof. Markert could not be
WASHINGTON - Secretary of reached for comment.
State John Foster Dulles, follow- Davis confirmed receipt of a
ing up an unusual meeting of the subpoena to The Daily last night.
National Security Council yester-
day, opened diplomatic talks on (REP. Clardy said the hearings
proposals for a Southeast Asian will be held in the House of Repre-
alliance to block the Communist sentatives beginning at 9:30 a.m.
drive in Indochina. All"University personnel have been
* * subpoenaed for tomorrow, the
LONDON - Britain yesterday Congressman expl ined. Those
accused two Soviet diplomats of who are not called to testify to-
attempted spying, and gave them morrow may be called Tuesday. He
ten days to get out of the country. said he did not know if the Dem-
* * * ocratic member of the sub-com-
WASHINGTON - Committee mittee, Rep. Morgan Moulder (D-
Democrats and Army officials Mo.), who has been ill, would be
held out last night against a present at the hearings.")
Republican leadership proposal Davis declined to comment on
to cut short the McCarthy-Army any past or present political ac-
row by calling Sen. Joseph Mc- tivity. "You can assume I have
Carthy (R-Wis.) Monday as the been politically active," he said.
final witness in public hearings, Both men were praised for their
academic work, by faculty mem-

Both Lindsey and Corbett hurl- sonable.
ed outstanding games. The Hawk-
eye captain struck out five batters,
walked four, and allowed only/WIu
four hits. He hit one batter. Cor-
bett was tagged for four hits and The
one run in three innings, but set- Forma
tied down and permitted only one aFt
scratch hit the rest of the way. Norma
The Michigan senior struck out Adams
two batters and walked none. pictur
EADDY WAS the Wolverine day'si

r. Formal
winner of the local "Mr.
d" contest as announced
C Ball Friday night is
an Niedermeier, '56, of
louse, West Quad. His
e will appear in the "Mr.
d" advertisement in Tues-
issue of The Daily.

The weatherman's troubles don't all concern the weather:
For instance, there's the younger set-about five years old--that
makes frequent phone calls to check on the weather.
Then, too, whenever clouds begin to darken and pile up over
the Ann Arbor area, there's a sharp increase in the number of callers,
many of them afraid that a tornado is about to strike report fore-
casters at Willow Run airport.
IN ADDITION, the meterologists at the Willow Run Weather}
Bureau have to make regular checks on numerous measuring and
recording instruments and keep -___
up with three teletype machines directly from the national wea-3
bringing in weather reports from ther bureau in Washington.
throughout the country. In spite of the variety, of in-:
Five forecasters work in shifts struments at their disposal, the
around the clock throughout the forecasters claim no magical pow-
year to maintain the station, eers over the high and low pressure
S.h Ar rmitniareas which indicate furture

BUENOS AIRES, Argentina - bers.
The National Assembly of revolt-: One called
ridden Paraguay elected Tomas of the finest

Prof. Markert "one
men in the zoology


Romero Pereyra provisional pres-
ident of the nation yesterday.
He succeeds Federico Chaves
who resigned under pressure by

Taylor Calls Chaves
Dfep.osat'Power Play'
The deposal of Paraguay's President Federice Chaves is ".ust a
power play on the part of the army," said Prof. Philip Taylor of the
Political Science Dept.
After three days of revolutionary strife led by Gen. Stroeser,
Commander in Chief of the Paraguayan Army, in which ten people
were reported killed, President Chaves resigned Friday. The revolt
began Tuesday night when a rebel police detachment attacked police
headquarters, killing Police Chief Robert L. Petit.

iocatU edatop tie air .I erminal the army
Building overlooking the long, weather.
grey concrete runways of the Yet, the weatherman would be
airport and the famed wartime quite justified in saying "I told W ar Prisoners
bomber plant. you so," when you ignore his rain
Ppredictions and start off on a pic- .e
Purpose of the weather station'nic anyway, only to be drowned 1 ht " orthA
is to provide for public and air- out later. For, as one forecaster
craft safety through evaluation of points out, forecasts by the na- 0 f
information received over the wires tion's weather bureau are correct ortress
and by instrument readings and 85 per cent of the time.
observation. SAIGON, Indochina - /P)
Whenever a severe storm does Finance C rFrench planes sighted columnsc
threaten the area, forecasters Z men marching north from Di
quickly inform state police, coun- Session P anned , Bien Phu yesterday and Gen. Her
ty and state highway departments, ri Navarre said they were appa
utilities companies and other in- Group sessions of the Consumer ently French Union forces take
terested authorities in order to al- Finance Management Problems prisoner after the fortress fellt
low preparations. Study Course, sponsored by the the Communist-led Vietminh.
* * * S h f B nes Administration Whether Brig Gen. Christian d

department." He said Prof. Mar-
kert, an embryologist, is doing
"important researph in the field of
cell growth which may throw
more light on cancer."
PROF. THEOPHIL Hildebrandt,
chairman of the mathematics de-
partment said Davis "has been
doing very conscientious work."
Davis, who has been an instruc-
tor for four years, did his under-
graduate and graduate work at
"I do not know what infor-
mation I can give which can
help Congress perform its func-
tions," Davis commented. "I will
be glad to answer any legitimate
questions, and I hope their ques-
tions will in fact be legitimate
"The people should be free in


In it's discussion of Communist methods, th
ties Committee stresses three techniques:f
organizations, and conspiracy.
See PROBERS', Page 4
Hilflel MeetinorJo
Set for TodayPetio
the five p
Sponsored jointly by the Green Judiciary
Feather Group, Young Democrats Serving
and Students for Democratic Ac- three woi
tion, a public meeting will take dents wil
place at 3 p.m. today at the Hillel of their
Foundation Chapel, 1429 Hill quent ini
Street, to discuss "The Riplhts anti quden
> Resuonsihilitie nof C oarPinn1 udei m

he Un-American Activi-
fellow-travellers, front-

THE STATION is connecte
ORIGINALLY appointed to the presidency by the army, Chaves, the seven major airlines at
attempting to strengthen his position, built up the national police terminal with a simultan
force as his own counterweight to the army . writing machine, eliminating
According to Prof. Taylor, this attempt at independence by need for calling the individua
Chaves worried the army and provoked the revolt which was fices for the frequent weather
actually Chaves and the police force versus the army. ports.
The people of Paraguay, mostly illiterate, will not be affected Via a facsimile reproduc
by the change, commented Prof. Taylor, comparing the.revolt to a machine, weather maps come
palace revolution from which no?- -- ---
real policy change touching the DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION:
people evolves. Y1 s i L L_
"The army in most of the Latin i
American countries is a pressurej
group but has a monopoly of vio- Counci G ou Srve'
lence at the same time," he con-a
tinued. "Thus it is the military --
who makes or breaks the rulers1i (EDITOR'S NOTE: This is th. last
andwhey m uaoueakthe r uesin a series of articles on the University{ To indicate "total needs," W
and they usually would rather use Development Council - its gistry liams points to a bulging bin
a civilian as a figure head. How- organization and aims.) filled with answers to the Co
I ever, if one of the military such
I as Gen. Stroeser should take over, By VIRGINIA VOSS mittee's first request for a
it would probably be for a short Daily Editorial OireAkr partmental break-down of ne
time." The aim of the Development notcovered by operating fur
* * * Council, from planning stage to They defy totalling, let al
AN EIGHT-MAN junta which is ;present, has been "to help the Uni- being rated on a priority ba
the present acting head of the versity realize and meet its oppor- from 1 to 1,500, he claims.
government under the leadership tunities." What the committee does,
of Gen. Stroeser, reported that the cording to Williams, is to clan
IColorad Partv is still in control Three of the Councils com t- -*
n a iin irin lika tiir

I of-
r re-

and 1:30 p.m. in Rm. 140, Business
Administration Bldg.
Walter Weber, Assistant Super- I
visor of Physical Education, will I
speak on "Let's Cheek Our Sig-
nals" at the 6 p.m. dinner in the

marchers was not known. A Viet- f and to organize for political objec-
minh broadcast said Dien Bien 1 tives without fear.
Phu's commander had been taken "As a citizen I will always de-
-but did not refer to him by fend that freedom; and I will al-
name. His last words before he ways observe my special responsi-
vowed to fight to the end were "Au bility as a teacher to keep my mind


revoir, mon general. Vive la free from dogma or intimidation,"
- France." Davis added.
There was no word also on the' * * *
fate of Genevieve de Galard Ter-! TWO GRADUATE students, My-
raube, the 29-year-old French ron Sharpe and Ed Shaffer will
nurse who was the only woman also appear at the hearings.

C i u. l ooM1111ilbur . oJ1tAL1SAX1 ut s , Ul Lil . 1'1. % a uallU
d to and the Extension Service will be Castries, the heroic commandert
the held Tues. at 10 a.m at the Union, I Dien Bien Phu, was among t

of practice," he, continued, "to decide
he political issues on their merits

ys 'U' Needs

int Ju1di1c
ning is now open for
positions open on Joint
e Council,
for one-year terms,
men and two men stu-
I be selected on basis
petitions and subse-
nterviews. Prospective
embers may hand in


get Administration and then toj
the President and the Regrents
for rating and approval.
Emphasizing that the Needs
committee is still in the formative
stage, Williams saw little danger
that there would be a one-sided
allocation of Council funds, de-
liberately strengthening some
fields at the expense of others.
"Of course, any worthwhile proj-
ect which an alumni or corporation
is interested in financing gets a

in the fortress, or of the 1,500
2,000 seriously wounded Frey
Union fighters
Petitioning Open
ISA Announces


Shaffer denied last night
knowledge of any plans by stu-
dents for a demonstration against
the committee. State police have
been alerted to the possibility
of such demonstrations.
Several students active in cam-
pus politics told The Daily Shaffer
asked them to attempt organiza-
tion of a "protest motorcade" to
the hearings. They refused to
do so.
Previous reports indicate the
first witness to testify tomorrow
will be Bella Dodd, former Com-
munist and frequent friendly wit-
ness before Congressional inves-

TheiInternational Studentst A
sociation has announced that
nominations for president and
vice-president are open until May
Students wishing to run may
sign up at the International Cen-
ter or mail their *name to PO.

I i

+c 1 inh'VJ w Ul 11 , 1V11

tees - the Alumni Fund, Special neeas IZLo aivisioL1m
_ air s nt ocavr s on a f n

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