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VOL. LXIV, No. 144 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, APRIL 29, 1954
No Troops 'If We
Can' to Indochina
Proposal in SL
Marks Recommends Ground Rules
Use By Investigating Committees
Hint Stevens (-
-- a c
WASHINGTON - (A) - Vice- Student Legislature switched motions in the middle of debate
President Nixon said yesterday U. last night as Myron Sharpe, Grad., asked SL to withdraw his proposal'
S. foreign policy has spelled out a calling for a "bill of particulars" from Congressional investigating
warning to Russia and Red China committees in favor of a substitute motion framed by Leah Marks, '55L.
they ru themrskhattheInithmdMiss Marks proposal recommended that the Sub-committee of
they "run the risk that the United the House Un-American Activities Committee "utilize the ground
uld retaliate directly rules laid down by the Senate Permanent Sub-committee on Inves-
Nixo tol theU. S Chabertigations in its present investigations."
Nixon told the U. S. Chamber . . , ,-
of Commerce that is what is meant
by the policy set up by Secretary THE SENATE group is currently holding hearings to determine
of State Dulles of relying "primar- whether Senator Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis.) tried to get special
ily, though not exclusively, on a: K ) treatment " by improper means"
Irate Exchanges £kL
WASHINGTON-(P)-In an at-Reds Attac
mosphere of ever-growing bitter-
ness, the Senate's McCarthy-Pen-
tagon investigators began delving Aester
yesterday into whether Secretary
of the Army Stevens "threatened
Ipraising and cooperating with Sen. B r i a e
repriss against a general feor a r c d s
This new line of inquiry devel- L y lssR p
oped near the end of a hectic dayy s
punctuated by irate exchanges be- Vietminh Thr
tween McCarthy and opponents-
especially over new Army chargesHANOI, Indochina-('}-;
of deluxe treatment for a drafted troops yesterday hammer(
aide of the senator's Pvt. G. David attempts by Vietminh re
nassive retaliatory attack, at times
and places of our own choosing,,
in reply to any new aggression."
* * *
for Pvt. G. David Schine.
Sharpe, who received a sub-
poena from the House group to
testify May 10 in Lansing, call-
ed the second motion "far su-
perior" to his own.
BUT NIXON assured the gath-
ering of some 3,000 Americanbusi-
ness leaders that the Eisenhower
administration will avoid "if we
can" sending U.S. troops "to fight
in Indochina or anywhere else in
The vice - president's implied
warning to Russia and Red China
against-direct intervention in In-
dochina came against a back-
ground of Far East reports sug-
gesting that Communist China
may be moving to extend her grasp
on Southeast Asia.
Dispatches from Formosa quot-
ed the official Chinese Nationalist
news agency, Ta Tao, as saying
Red China has decided to create
immediately a "Southeast Asia
liberation force" of more than 50
He had originally recommend-
t A thletes ~ed that "when any student is call-
U 1 ed to testify before a Congressional
investigating committee, such stu-
Fourteen athletes were honored dent should be given a bill of par -
last night as winners of this year's ticulars" defining the general di-
Fielding H. Yost Honor Awards, rection the group's questioning will
given annually to juniors and sen- take.
oirs in recognition of high scholar- The McCarthy committee
ship and good citizenship. "ground rules" for the present
Winners of the award for the probe include the right to cross-
second time are Richard E. Balz- examine all witnesses and the
hiser, '54E, football; George S. right to a "bill of particulars" for
Dutter, '54BAd., football; Roger E all persons called before the group,'
Maugh, '54E, track; Milton E. I according to Miss Marks.
Mead, basketball; and Thad C. Sharpe's motion calling for a
Stanford, '54 football and golf. "bill of particulars" was the first
* * * of two motions pressing for "pro-
cedural" changes in committee ac-
OTHERS chosen include Rich- tions. The second urged the Uni-
ard A. Beison, '54, football; Rich- vriyt epaysuetsb
' ' . -versity to help any student sub- i
SHBergma, '54E, gymnatics poenaed before a Congressional in-x
Roy H. Christiansen, '54,track; vestigating group to obtain legal
John D. Cline, '55, football and counsel for him.
baseball, and Douglas B. Dunn, In other action last night the
'54, hockey. Legislature approved the appoint-
Robert S. Hurley, '54Ed., foot- ment of the following committee
ball; Alexander W. Mann, '55, chairmen: Babs Hillman, '55Ed,
tennis; Fritz R. Nillson, '54Ed, Campus Action; Bob Leacock, '57,
track, and James H. Walters, Culture and Education; Donna
'55E, swimming, complete the Netzer, '56, International; and
list Larry Levine, '58, Public Rela-
" * * crack western barricades within
THE LANGUAGE got inflamed 600 yards of the command head-j
at that point. McCarthy cried quarters of besieged Dien Bieni
at tat pint.MccathyPhu.
"smear," and called the televised The Communist-led rebels were
hearings a "circus." Later he ac- Td
cused Stevens of "flagrant dishon- increasing their pressure also on
esty," and the usually mild-man- Dien Bien Phu's southernmost
nered Army secretary flared back: strongpoint-three miles from the
center of the fortress and cut off
I deeply resent the suggestion.' from road communication with it.
GENEVA, Switzerland - (A') -
Red China's Premier Chou En-lai,
admitted to the councils of the
world's major powers for the first
time, yesterday rejected American
policy in the Far East. He called
for a program of "Asia for the
Asians" with foreign troops and
McCarthy tangled, too, with
Asst. Secretary of Defense H.
Struve Hensel, protesting the
number of generals surrounding
Hensel in the hearing room and
contending such high officers
should not "dignify" the Penta-
Reddening, the 6-foot.-4 Hen-
sel reared up and demanded-but
did not get-an apology. Hensel-
like Stevens and Army Counsel
John G. Adams-is a key figure on
the Pentagon side in its row with
McCarthy and aides Roy M. Cohn
and Francis P. Carr.
Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel
to the Senate Investigations sub-
committee, brought up the ques-
tion of "threatened reprisals,"
* * *
THERE WAS NO estimate of
the forces involved- in clashes at
either point, or any announce-
ment on casualties.
Additional fortifications were}
being built within the hard-r
pressed main fortress area, now
less than a mile in diameter.
The main rebel pressure at the
Isabelle strongpoint was on the
eastern bank of the YQum River,"
which flows through the heart of
the Dien Bien Phu plain in north-
French military sources said the
rebels were expected to launch an
attempt soon to smash the strong-
point and then move north in a
divisions-including 27 from Coin
munist China-to counter an:
western alliance in the Pacific.
A University scientist yesterdaN
discounted continuing reports that
thekrecent outbreak of pocke
marked windshields spreading
across the country had been caus-
ed by H-Bomb explosions in the
Pacific and placed such rumors i
the category of "flying saucer'
The professor was answering a
statement made by Bryant W. Po-
cock, head of the isotype section o:
the State Highway Department re-
search laboratory who claimed yes.
terday that by-products of the H-
Bomb blast could have damagec
automobile windshields without
leaving traces of radio-activity.
* * *
PROF. HENRY J. Gomberg, as-
sistant director of the Michigar
Memorial-Phoenix Project saic
that in all reported cases of pock-
ed marked cars the damage hac
only been done to windshields.
"If the pock-markings were
caused by hydroflouric acid, as
Pocock says," Prof. Gomberg
continued, "the entire car would
have been attackel and the fin-
ish would have been removed."
This was not the case, he point-
"I don't believe the H-Bomb2
pock-marked the windshields. I
have a pocked marked windshield
on my car and I know how I got
it. A passing car threw a stone at
it," he said.
"I'd put such stories, of the H-
bomb causing this, down with the
tales of the flying saucers," he
The Student Legislature spon-
sored student advisors program
completed its third day yesterday
t with relatively little response from
the student body.
Upperclassmen from 21 literary
college departments and three
other schools have been on hand
from 3 to 5 p.m. every afternoon
this week and will be available
today and tomorrow in room 1025
Angell Hall to speak to students
interested in advice on courses in
specific fields before planning pro-
grams for next semester.
E mrn t Tr.
HONORED-Retiring SL President Bob Neary congratulates Prof.
Marvin J. Eisenberg, (right) recipient of the Honored Faculty
Member of the Year award, at the SL banquet last night. Steve
Jelin, SL president, looks on.
Neary Favors SEC Plan'
ith Some Modification'
BY PHYLLIS LIPSKY
Bob Neary, '54BAd, retiring Student Legislature president, came
out last night in favor of the proposed Student Executive Committee
with some modifications.'
tions. Ron Boorstein, '57, was ap-
naming Maj. Gen. Kirke Lawton
commander of the Army Signal
Corps Center at Ft. Monmouth, N
J., as the general involved.
Jenkins announced he proposed
to read Lawton's testimony at a,
secret subcommittee hearing last
Oct. 14 on the subject of alleged
Communist infiltration at Ft.
Monmouth and its radar labora-
- drive to tighten the noose around
the main fortress area. Isabelle,
Presentation of the awards was pointed SL Comptroler replacing
made by Prof. Arthur E. R. Boak Vic Hampton, Grad., Carnie Butt-
of the history department at a man, '56, and Joan Bryan, '56,
banquet for honorees, committee were named to fill two SL vacan-
members and their wives. cies.
' l e
Nw Calendar Protests
Result in Referendum
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of a series of interpretive articles
discussing calendar revision proposals and their background.)
By ARLENE LISS
A storm of protest that arose last spring over a new final exam-
ination schedule has resulted in students sitting on the University
Calendaring Committee and in an all-campus referendum May 5 and
6 on six calendar revision proposals.
When University officials scheduled finals last spring without
allowing for the traditional "dead" weekend they did not anticipate
strong student opposition nor the resulting drop in the all-campus
grade point average. Faculty members also expressed dissatisfaction
with the accelerated schedule.
VARIOUS CAMPUS organizations led by Student Legislture
protested the change which had been effected without consultation
As a result of the general dissatisfaction, five students ap-
pointed by Student Legislature were asked to sit on the Cal-
endaring Committee. The students are President of the Senior
Board John Black, '54Ed., Lucy Landers, '55, League president,
SL cabinet member Ruth Rossner, '55, Howard Nemerovski, '54E,
Union vice-president and Daily City Editor, Erie Vetter, '54.
The 16-member committee, chaired by Assistant to the Presi-
dent Erich A. Walter, is a sub-------------- --
1Wo of 'Porgy' Cast
Ait Union Today
Two cast members from the
"Porgy and Bess" production now
playing in Detroit will appear in
an hour program at the Union
Ballroom at 8:15 p.m. today, spon-
sored by the Union Student Of-
Leslie Scott, playing Porgy in
the production will be one of the
two appearing. The program will
include a half-hour discussion
conducted by the two, and a Unit-
ed States Department of Justice
movie taken when the show toured
Porgy mid iBess
Tickets for the performance
of "Porgy and Bess," to be giv-
en Wed., May 5 in Detroit, will
be on sale from 3 to 5 p.m. daily
this week in the Union Student
The tickets are $4.00 per per-
son, including orchestra seat
. like the fortress heart, is being Speaking at the Legislature's annual spring banquet Neary called,
supplied by parachute drop. the plan which has been proposed by the Student Affairs Study
S- --. Committee "a good compromise" between the existing student organi-
uei zation structure on campus and. --------.
Festival Plans what he felt many students would he said he felt has been a recent
consider an ideal plan. emphasis on what was wrong with
Varied W orks -Neary said he would like to see
.V aried W orks the SEC act as an initial recom- SL rather than what it has ac-
mending body for changes in rules complished in the past year.
A varied program, ranging from on student conduct. Neary also Earlier in the evening SL Presi-
choral works to piano solos, will suggested that section of the plan dent Steve Jelin, '55, presented
be in store for those attending the which concern only students, such I Prof. Marvin J. Eisenberg, of the
five May Festival concerts tomor- as the method of elections, be l'fine arts department with the
row through Sunday. kept open for easy change by the newly created award of "Honored
The University Choral Union student body. Faculty member of the year."
and three soloists will perform in In his speech, the retiring pres- Prof. Eisenberg attended the ban-
tomorrow's concert. They are Lois ident attempted to counter what quet as a guest of the Legislature.
Marshall, soprano; Blanche The- ---
bom, contralto; and Leonard Rose,,
violincellist. Thor Johnson will be Leaders Lay Plans
the Guest Conductor. Vivaldi-Cas- R d L a esLa -P a s
ella and Chavez works will lead
-off the program, with a Dvorak
concerto as the concluding num- On Geneva Parlay Table
Saturday afternoon's perform-
ance will feature Jacob Krachma- By DAVE BAAD ,
linck, violinist, Lorne Munroe, vio- Communist leaders brought forth proposals at Geneva yesterday
lincellist, and. the Festival Youth directed toward 'solution' of both the Korea and Indochina problems.
Chorus under the direction of j Red China's Foreign Minister Chou En-lai demanded that all for-
Marguerite Hood. Soloists Satur- eign military bases in Asia be abolished and that all foreign troops
day night will be Zinka Milanov, Ijbe withdrawn.-
soprano and Kurt Baum, tenor, i
both from the Metropolitan Opera CIE ALSO supported North Korean Foreign Minister Nam Il's for-
Company. mula for 'free elections' in Korea. These elections are to be held
Chou spoke at the 19-nation Far
Eastern conference after U. S. Sec-
retary of State Dulles rejected
North Korea's proposals for all,
Korean elections on the ground
they would transform the country
into a Communist puppet state.
* * *
OUTSIDE the conference hall
work progressed on first steps to-
ward halting the bloodshed in In-
dochina. Russia suggested an im-
mediate meeting of belligerents on
the exacuation of "hundreds upon
hundreds" of French wounded
from besieged Dien Bien Phu. The
Soviet Union proposed also that
representatives of the Communist-
led Vietminh be -admitted to the
Geneva confernce when it takes up
the question of a peace settlement
In a bitter denunciation of the
West, Chou ranged over a wide
field. He demanded a standing
alongside the Big Four, opposed
rearmament of Western Ger-
many and even demanded a ban
on the H-Bomb. He supported
the proposals laid down Tuesday
by North Korea's Gen. Nam I
for settling the Korean problem.
Chou's speech indicated little
could be expected at Geneva on
a Korean settlement.
"For the first time, the Chinese
people are the real masters of their
fate," he said. "No force can or
will prevent China from becoming
strong and prosperous."
The U.S. plan to create an Asian
defense organization similar to
NATO, he said, was simply a ruse
for clamping colonial rule on Asia.
DULLES, in his first address to
the conference, practically wrote
off the possibility of making pro-
gress here on the Korean question
in the light of Nam Il's proposals.
Referring to Nam Il's plan that
all foreign troops be withdrawn,
"The United States nioes not de-
sire its troops to remain indefi-
nitely in Korea. But we remember
that once before we had our troops
in Korea and withdrew them, as
it turned out, prematurely."
Grades play far too important a
role on the stage of University life.
That was the conclusion at yes-
terday's conference on Grades'
Significance, sponsored by the
Literary College Steering Commit-
tee. More than fifty representa-
tives of the student body and fac-
ulty met to discuss possible means
of de-emphasizing the present sys-
tem,. whereby "students today are
striving for grade symbols rather
A student's sense of educational
values, it was pointed out, has
become perverted, so that all he
wants out of his education is an
admirable point average. "Learn-
ing,which is what we came here
for," commented one student, "is
being lost in the shuffle."
A panel discussion on "Hypnosis
-Its Use and Misuse" will be pre-
sented at 7:30 p.m. today in Aud.
8, Angell Hall by the Psychology
without United Nations supervisi
1 that the Communists have propose
At the same time Russian offici
ing of representatives of French 1
led Vietminh to discuss evacuatt
This was in answer to French
committee of the Deans Confer-;CO RA UASP N:
Administration and faculty COLORATURA SOPRANO:
representatives are members of
Originally the committee consid-
ered only the problem of providing
for a dead period between the end
of classes and beginning of finals.
For the campus at large this would
seem a minor problem but, in ef-
fect, it involves many considera-
tions. The registrar's office must!
have sufficient time to record stu-
dent grades and students demand
sufficient time to prepare for ex-
* * *
THE SOLUTION of lengthening
the finals period and allowing "un-
official" graduation as in formerj
years was ruled out by University
President Harlan H. Hatcher's de-I
cision to have official graduation
on Commencement Day.
Discussion of the exam sched-
Lily Pons To Open 61st May Festival
A capacity crowd will sit in a hushed Hill Auditorium at 8:30 p.m.
today, waiting to hear one of the world's most famous coloratura
The appearance of Metropolitan Opera star Lily Pons, white-gowned,
and walking confidently along the now-traditional white runner, will
mark the first in the series of six concerts in this year's 61st annual
THE PICTURE which meets her audience tonight will be a vastly
different one however, from that of Miss Pons as she arrived in Ann
Arbor early yesterday morning to prepare for her sixth appearance,
Descending from her train in the town where she made the '
first post-debut American appearance of her career, meant for
the. soprano the renewal of acquaintance with friends she has
made over the years. It meant a hearty buss on the cheek from
the vivacious French singer for "Charlie," University Musical
ons and are similar to the ones
d for Germany.
als proposed an immediate meet-
Union forces and the Communist
on of wounded from Dien Bien
Foreign Minister Georges Bidault
;who Monday pleade dfor a truce;
in Indochina to enable the French!
to get their troops out of the be-
sieged French fortress.
Meanwhile spring monsoon rains
are turning the north Indochina
battlefield into a soggy sea of red
Xnud. The effect of the rains on;
the course of the war is uncertain.
ROBERT F. CURTISof the po-
litical science department said
yesterday that he thought the
monsoons would have little bear-
ing on the outcome of the war al-
though the fighting would be
slowed down somewhat.
"Dien Bien Phu isn't too im-
portant anyway and French loss
of the fortress should have little
effect on the war except for a
possible loss of some French
prestige in the area," he con-
Also yesterday French Premier
Joseph Laniel and Vietnamese
lI/ - C"