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February 13, 1954 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1954-02-13

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The French & Indo- China

MR. BIDAULT is under heavy pressure
from his own countryman to find the way
to a cease-fire in Indo-China. There is now,
one may say I think, an almost unanimous
opinion in France that the fighting should
be ended. As we are deeply involved in this
enormously difficult affair, we may begin by
asking what has produced this unanimity?
It did not exist four months ago.
Opinion was still divided, with the Lan-
tel-Bidault government in favor of con-
tinuing the war. That was befre the pres-
ent fighting season opened. There had
been a change of commanders, there was a
new military plan. There were to be some
reinforcements coming from France. And
there had been a heavy injection of Amer-
ican dollars and material aid.
There is no particular reason for thinking
that the French have suffered a military di-
saster which might have decisive conse-
quences. The reason for the change of opin-
ion in Paris is that the expectation has not
been fulfilled, has in fact been dashed,
which caused Mr. Laniel and others to be-
lieve in fighting -on.
They never did believe, to be sure what
our supposedly gullible public was asked to
believe, that the country would be united
and cleared of Communists by a military
victory. They were determined to test out a
nmuch soberer and more realistic theory. It
was that the great mass of the people are
primarily concerned with the civil war in
order to see who is going to win it. Then they
will rally to the support of the winner.
The theory is and was plausible. It rec-
ognized that a war of this kind, essen-
Step ing Of f
The Pedestal
OLD-FASHIONED political mudslinging,
which both Republicans and Democrats
continually decry, seems to be reaching a
fever pitch for the coming fall elections.
Gus Scholle, who directs CIO regional
activities in Michigan and Indiana, treat-
ed campus Democrats to a whole mouthful
at their meeting Thursday night.
In the space of 45 minutes, Scholle went
from "corrupt" and "dirty," through "fil-
thy" and "rotten" and summed up neatly
with, "I wish I could engage in shop ver-
nacular in speaking of those filthy-(admin-
Scholle attacked Charles E. Wilson, first,
as "equally stupid" in government as he was
brilliant in business. He hit Arthur Summer-
field for "pulling the most corrupt, rotten
deal that this state (Michigan) has ever
known." This was in reference to some polit-
ical finagling that he charged the Postmast-
er General was guilty of while aiding the
GOP campaign finances in Michigan.
The silver-haired labor leader then at-
tacked Detroit newspapers and the press
in general for partisanship and unfairness
to labor. However he confessed he did not
know President Eisenhower, although he
was a staunch supporter of the General for
President on the Democratic ticket in
But even Ike didn't escape unblemished.
Said Scholle, "When someone deals with
crooks, you question it. Either Ike is con-
doning them, or is too stupid to recognize it."
After Scholle had finished speaking, a lo-
cal Democrat asked him whether he thought
mudslinging was proper, since the Dens were
presently accusing Republicans of it.
Schole thought it over and decided: "We
can't have a lofty moral pedistal. It is es-
sential' for Democrats to call them as they
see them. Stevenson is sometimes too soft in
his criticism.
"McCarthy Is an outrageous liar and
demagogue. If we don't fight him with his
own weapons . . . (more people) will fol-
low him."
-And may the party with the best, politi-

cal vocabulary win.
-Murry Frymer

tially a guerilla war, cannot be won by
orthodox military measures. Success de-
pends on winning the support of the non-
combatant masses, who shelter and sup-
port the guerilla fighters as much as they
must and, on the whole, as little as they
If, therefore, a few decisive and spectacu-
lar though local victories could be won, there
was a good chance that in a large region
around them the people would come over
to the anti-Communist side. If that could
be done to happen, it would then be possible
to propose a negotiation for an armistice
from "a position of strength." That was
the most, and that was all, that the more
determined and the more optimistic French
authorities have ever hoped to accomplish by
fighting on.
* * * *
WHAT has happened during the past four
months is that the theory has been put
to the test and has not worked. The new
military plan has brought no spectacular
local victory. The native armies, which
present a very different problem from the
South Korean army, are not nearly near
the point where they could be counted upon
to fight a war under their own officers. And
there has been no evidence of any popular
rally to the French side.
The theory that the people would rally.
to the winner, once they knew who was go-
ing to win, is still no doubt true. But how
are the French to become the winner?
They cannot send the rest of the French
army, now in Germany and in North Afri-
ca, to Indo-China. They do not expect us
to send an American army into Indo-Chi-
na, nor would they wish us to do so. For,
supposing that the Eisenhower administra-
tion reversed everything it has been saying
about its new strategy, tle sending of
American troops would be a repetition of
MacArthur's march to the Yalu. It could
hardly fail to be followed by a Chinese in-
tervention which would probably expand
the local war into an international war
that could engulf Thailand and perhaps
Burma too.
When fighting ceases to be profitable and
no rational end is attainable by going on
with it, a sensible government will move to
end the fighting. That is what Eisenhower
did in Krea and that is what Laniel should
be helped to do if it can be done.
It is, however, very difficult to do, and
probably more difficult now than it would
have been a year ago. We have missed the
chance, which we were then advisedto seize,
of making a package of a Korean and an
Indo-Chinese armistice. We would have
played with fairly strong cards.
That however is in the past. The basic
questions on which an armistice depends
are not going to be easy to answer or to ac-
cept. They have to do with much more con-
crete things than the somewhat abstract and
formal question of whether Red China is to
be represented in the United Nations. At
bottom the questions are under what condi-
tions is the French military and political au-
thority to be withdrawn from Indo-China as
the British authority was withdrawn from
India and the Dutch from Indonesia; It will
not be prudent to assume that the Soviet
Union would, or even that it surely could,
direct Red China and Ho Chi Min to makes
an armistice which accepts the continuation
of French authority.
Needless to say it is enormously difficult
to see how after seven years of civil war
the French authority can be withdrawn
without leaving the native states, in all
their frailty and inexperience, to become
the satellites of a Red Chinese empire.
But that is the problem which confronts
us. We can be sure that we shall not solve
it, that in fact we shall only obscure it for
ourselves and confuse it for the French,
if we act as if it were merely a question of
a little more or a little less money and mil-
itary aid.
For meeting that problem we shall need
men, fist of all in Paris but also in London
and in Washington, of the stature and with
the general outlook upon Asian matters of

thosewho brought the British safely and
honorably-and in the long run so prof it-
ably-out of India.
(Copyright, 1954, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)

Better Schools
For the State
rTWO MAJOR "better schools" bills are
currently being considered by the Mich-
igan Legislature. House Bill 125 would close
to classroom use after September 1, 1953.
any building which is not certified as rea-
sonably safe against fire and sanitation
hazards. Minimum pay scales for teachers
would be set by the other measure. HouseI
Bill 255.
At present there is no minimum salary
for teachers. A survey for the year 1952-
53 found the median salary for 5,000 rural
teachers to be $2,500, with none receiving
more than $4,000. The highest average
salary is found in Wayne county, while
several full time teachers in Washtenaw
county drew only $1,500 for nine month's
It is no wonder that 4,500 Michigan teach-
ers leave the profession each year to seek
better jobs. Rural schools are the hardest
hit, with many of the better qualified teach-
ers lured to the cities with their higher pay
With increasing enrollments predicted on
the basis of studies of the Michigan birth
rate, the state is faced with a critical teacher
shortage. Obviously, the teaching profession
must be made more attractive to draw the
larger number of teachers necessary to meet
the increase.
House Bill 255 would set the 1955-56 teach-
er salary minimum at $2,700 in small school
districts, with the minimum to be increased
by $100 yearly for each of the following three
years. Larger and more economically able,
districts would be required to pay a minimum
of $3,000 in 1955-56, increasing to $3,000 in
1958-59 for districts of over 25,000 popula-
The other measure, House Bill 125 is de-
signed to correct some of the worst health
and fire hazards found in the schools. Ac-
cording to a survey conducted by the Mich-
igan Department of Public Instruction, near-
ly 40,000 students attend schools having ei-
ther no toilet facilities at all or only out-
door toilets. The "Water Wonderland" state
certainly can not be proud of that, or of the
fact that 700 more of its schools have no
fixed washing facilities.
The report gives a long list of further
substandard conditions, including obso-
lete buildings and many fire hazards. Sta-
tistics show that the old one-room red
brick school has not disappeared from the
picture, with 64,000 children still in at-
tendance at such schools.
With an expected increase in populatien,
the present over-crowding will become even
more acute. Some minimum standards must
be enforced to protect the health and safe-
ty of the state's schoolchildren. Enactment
of some measure such as the two bills now
before the Legislature is necessary to give
Michigan's children the educational oppor-
tunities they deserve.
--Freddi Loewenberg

"I Keep Getting Struck"
OT 0y
N a
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the






WASHINGTON - Gerard David Schine, the handsome, dreamy-eyed
young man who gravitated around Europe at the taxpayers' ex-
pense on behalf of Joe McCarthy, still seems to lead a charmed life in
the Army. Though only a private,, superior officers almost bow and
scrape before him, and one officer who didn't, the commander of the
Provost Marshal School at Camp Gordon, Ga., has just been trans-
He is Col. Francis Kreidel, who had the temerity to come to
Washington in January to protest against Schine's assignment to
the Provost Marshal School. On January 19, Colonel Kreidel was
transferred to Tokyo.
Ordinarily no one is admitted to the Provost Marshal School un-
less under regulation 615-215-1 he has had two years' service, and un-
less he has the rank of corporal or higher. Schine has had only four
months service and is only a private. Furthermore, a candidate for
this school must have a history of freedom from pathological or per-
sonality disorders. Schine, however, was deferred from the draft after
a physical examination had tabbed him with a "schizoid personality."
Though the Army requires candidates for the Provost Marshal
School to be in class 1 or class 2 physical condition, Schine is in class 3.
DESPITE ALL THIS, Senator McCarthy arranged for his ex-com-
mittee staffer to be transferred from his basic training at Fort Dix,
N.J., direct to the Provost Marshal School where he is supposed to
take an advanced criminal investigation course. And with the sup-
port of someone in Secretary of the Army Stevens' office, the transfer
was O.K.'d.
And when Colonel Kreidel came to Washington to protest, he
.found himself transferred to Tokyo. His place is being taken by
Brig. Gen. Francis Howard who has been in Tokyo.


here-,as, I think, did most for- The Army claims officially that it's pure coincidence that Kreidel
The Editor:u tnerse campus-to experience is being transferred at this time. However, the normal tour of duty at
To The Editor: dust these sensations. I do notI Camp Gordon is three years and Kreidel has been there only a year
T and a half. Army officers point to another official "coincidence," when
EDDY LACHMAN'S interesting regard them as a shock, but rather Major Irving Peress, who also tangled with McCarthy, was involuntar-
series of articles in The Daily, as a stimulus. I have been sur- ily separated from the Army.
after building up through a series rounded all my life by habitual
of murmurred grumblings, has' surroundings. I have spent sixGA
now culminated in an outburst of years in a British University ; EANWHILE, the dreamy-eyed Gerard David Schine continues his
discontent (yesterday's "Long seething with students with a charmed Army career.
Walk in a Desert"). As a fellow similar set of values to'my own. It goes back to postwar days when he was first exempted from
"Foreign Student" on campus, I If the University of Michigan the draft because at the age.of 23 he acted as vice-president of
would like respectfully to submit were like London or Amsterdam, the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, one of the six swanky hotels
" t" nt of what would have been the point owned by his father. Later he got a 4-F classification while he gal-
the tOppositionlpointo view- of our leaving Europe for a year? livanted around Washington and Europe for the McCarthy com-
and to lay at least some of the mittee.
causes of his discontent at his I sympathise with Lachman's
.nsense of the Highschool atmos- Finally last July, Schine was reclassified 1-A whereupon McCar-
own door. Lachman does indeed phere: but if he finds his student thy promptly called on Gen. Miles Rober, then Army legislative repre-
seem to be suffering from Intel- I colleagues so painfully immature, sentative on Capitol Hill, and requested that Schine get a commission.
lectual Shock; what surprises me then why not cultivate the Facul- To this end, his papers were sent to three different branches of the
is that it should cause him so ty? They, at least, are not as, he Army. Each sent back word that he lacked the qualifications for a com-
much distress. He conplains that unfortunately describes the Eur- sion.
he as os hi hbta urud opean Professor .. . "a Learned
he has lost his habitual surround- One who lives in the Land of So in late October Schine was finally drafted as a private. Where-
ings, and the unconscious cues Knowledge." Faculty members upon McCarthy requested the Army assign his young friend to New
with which you keep in contact here, whatever other faults may York to scrutinize West Point textbooks for left-wing slants
with your daily life"; . . . that he' be levied against them, are infi- This didn't go down well with the Army. West Point has had such
is "constantly groping for words nitely more approachable than notable teachers as Douglas MacArthur, Ike Eisenhower and Al Gruen-
in a foreign language"; . . that'their European counterparts. Few ther, now head of NATO. They didn't think West Point textbooks need-
he is ''surrounded by people with of them laugh either steadfastly ed supervision by a 27-year-old private.
a different set of values" from his or loudly at intellectualism. d orderd prtve
own. I, too, have sensed all these I sincerely hope that not all . Schiinwas ordered to report November 3. But McCarthy got
symptoms, No one has to gropee I sr deth ot all him ten days' temporary duty in New York, and he was finally sent
sympoms Noone as o gopethe "grant students" on campus toFr!i o ottann nNvme 3 oeeM~rh
for foreign words more constantly I will return, with Lachman, to to Fort Dix for boot training on November 13. However, McCarthy
than an Englishman in America! "talk at home of the frustrations got an agreement from the Army that Schine could have his week
But what did he expect? I came and irritations encountered here." ends off to come to Washington, allegedly for investigative work,
I, for one, will return to speak of that he could have weekday evenings off, and young Mr. Roy Cohn
the many ideas and things which badgered the Army so much that Schine escaped all kitchen police
EVEN more important than the I have encountered here - both duty.
personal virtue or skill of our good and bad - which differ
delegates is the moratorium on from those at home: and which, C However, Schine's special privileges were so abused that Gen
political and factual partisanship bytervr ifrne aeCornelius Ryan protested direct to Secretary of the Army Stevens,
that we, the American people, must dby their very difference, have and the week nights off were stopped. Schine still got week ends off,
impose on ourselves. and worthwhile. however, and failed to show up for Saturday morning duty.
--The Reporter -Bill Chaloner -MR. COHN THREATENS-


THE NICEST thing about the jazz con-
cert at Hill last night was three courag-
eous men in brown who all by themselves
towed the line against the men in blue. The
men in blue were of course Stan Kenton, his
orchestra, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker,
Lee Konitz, Candido, the revered prophets
of the new jazz which is to emancipate it
from the "smoke filled saloons" and install it
in the concert hall to sit beside the "music
and culture of Europe." The quotes are Mr.
The men in brown were the Erroll
Garner trio who represent the bars, bis-
tros, and dance halls, the wit and humor,
freedom and spontaneity, carefree aban-
don, fun, and enjoyment, the environment
and characteristics that make jazz an in-
grown folk art worthy of a people's spirit.
Erroll Garner, with such tunes as "I Cover
the Waterfront" or "Lover" and subtle
imaginative improvisations to give them a
relaxed, personal quality, stole the show
from his more pretentious compatriots,
who strove for something more profound
and came up with less.
Nevertheless the heralds of the new jazz
had something to offer. Dizzy Gillespie and
Charlie Parker are first-rate soloists who
know how to weave interesting variations
on the usual jazz chords. June Christy has
the showmanship and personality to put
over a good song. Candido has a good
amount of rhythmic versatility in his hand-
ling of drums. Strangely enough his bongo
drum playing is far from new, but a throw-
back to an ancient art of primitive cul-
tures and such rich advanced cultures as
India, where drum playing has been develop-
ed to a much higher degree. Kenton's much
talked-about arrangements were lacking last
night. With the exception of "Collaboration"
they were mostly vehicles for solos rather
than ensemble playing.
But there was a quality of sameness to
many of the solos, definitely not true with
Erroll Garner who achieved many varieties
of moods. There seemed to be too much com-
mercialism in the antics going on, particu-
larly in lieu of Mr. Kenton's serious thoughts
expressed in the program. And there was
little originality; at least Kenton's record-
inas show a gond deapl mnre All this meant




t j

AS OF TODAY, the dream boy is taking the eight-weeks basic train-
ing given to all military policemen for the Provost Marshal's School
at Camp Gordon. Right now he's learning to direct traffic.
This menial work, however, has brought a howl of protest
from his pal and partner, Mr. Cohn, who wants his friend to go
directly into criminal investigation, not horse around with basic
police training and traffic problems.
Mr. Cohn is so upset about this that he has been telephoning the
office of Secretary of the Army Stevens demanding that Gerard David
be spared this basic training.

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (before
11 a.m. on Saturday).
VOL. LXIV, No. 88

Events Today
Hillel. Community Services this morn-
ing at 9 a.m.

If Gerard is not spared, Roy warns, he is. going to see to it that
The Congregational-Disciples Guild.j
The Graduate-Professional Group will the Secretary of the Army is fired.
meet this evening at 8 p.m. at the And that is the current, but probably not the concluding, chapter
Guild House. of the Washington classic which has come to be known as "Mr. Cohn
S.R.A. Saturday Lunch Discussion. and Mr. Schine."
Norm Williamsen and Ted Beals tell
about the National Youth Legislative -WASHINGTON WHIRL-
Coat1:15noon Lane hal .C reseTr AN AMERICAN airways is flying an emergency shipment of 225,000
tions to NO 3-1511, extension 2851. empty cans to Peru to save the country's tuna fish industry. Peru's


Residence Halls Presidents. Return{
IHC-Assembly Conference topic cards Gilbert and Sullivan Society. Tryouts
to the office, Room 3-D, Union, by Mon., for "Thespis" and "The Sorcerer" today
Feb. 15. from 2 to 6 p.m. in the League; or to-
morrow from 2 p.m. to 10 p.m., also in
LecturesP the League. Everyone urged to come.
,"EnvironmentP The Hawaii Club will have a social
an Cure entiledand meeting in Lane Hall this evening.
Feb. 15, Auditorium A. Angell Hall, 4:15 There8 b1e2:00 pam isitrefreshments
p.m., College of Architecture and De-f

major cannery broke down, stopping the canning of tuna fish. Thanks
to Pan American the tuna fish will
now be packed in the empty U.S.

cans. .. . Russian delegates to the
Big Four Foreign Ministers' Con-
ference have stepped out from be-
hind thIT Cnn tli.1 .. in i, LU LOL iia,,

v+ c
t.C4tgatt Baltp

At the Orpheum ...
taine and Louis Jourdan
ANY RESEMBLANCE between Decameron
Nights and the original Tales of the
Decameron is purely coincidental.
What plot there is concerns Boccacio's
pursuit of sex in the person of the widow
Violeta. In order to remain at her home
Boccacio must entertain six female refu-
gees of war with his stories. All except the
last are hardly worth the effort of telling.
This last tale is .bout a woman doctor who
cures the King of Spain. As her reward she
chooses the hand of the King's more rakish
gentlemen-in-waiting. The human prize, in
this instance, is most unhappy over his loss
of freedom, and leaves his bride without per-
forming the usual post-nuptual rites. As he
departs for the 'onod life. he tells his wife

At the State ...
THIS UNHERALDED Guinness film has
much to commend it-considering that
it is running at a theater which makes Cine-
mascope its specialty. However, judging by
other Guinness things it falls a little short.
Guinness plays a captain who operates a
ferry between Gibraltar and the North
African coast, and who has solved the prob-
lem of finding the ideal woman in his own
unique way: rather than trying to combine
the sensual and domestic in one wife, he
manages to keep two-one on either side of
the Straits. The obvious problem is to keep
each from learning about the other, and it
is not as easily solved as it might appear.
One wife, the one who arouses "the
tiger" in our middle-aging hero, is por-

sign. Public is cordially invited.
Academic Notices

Coming Events

t go shLawongfrtnoots.nouTh i Sixty-Fourth Year
to go shopping for new boots. They Edited and managed by students of
have quietly exchanged their shod- the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
dy Russian boots for shiny, Newa Student Publications.


HealthrLectures, Asva part-ofthe "Techniques in Bettering Human Re- Geruanfootwear.....ol. Cnarles
GeemlthfLectuars..A. . Car. Cfarhe
ealt education program of the Un lations," a workshop sponsored by Lane Lindbergh, once the most pho-
versity Health Service, a series of six Hall and open to all the UniversityHarI.un....MngigEto
ecy wl berven a ere f s1- family. Leader: Dr. J. Oscar Lee, Chair- tographed man in America, refus- Harry Lunn............Managing Editor
lowing schedule. They will be given at man of the Department ofRacial and ed to attend the Institute of Aer- I Virginiavoss ........ Editorial Director
4 pm.an reeaedat :3 pm. n heCultural Relations of the National
4 p.m. and repeated at 7:30 pam. in the Council of Churches. Feb. 16, 3:15 to I onautical Sciences dinner until it Mike Wolff .......Associate City Editor
Health Service Lecture Room. Alcj. ivr.Aso.EioilDrco
No.h ri-Tue , euary 5 p.m.: "Educational Procedures for was guaranteed that no photogra- Diane D. AuWerter...EAssociate Editor
No. 2-Thursday, February 18 Bettering Human Relations." Feb. 17,
No. 3-Tuesday, February 23 4 to 6 p.m.: "LegislationsInfluenced phers or TV cameras would be Helene Simon.........Associate Editor
No. --Tusday Febuary23 -** ,Ivan Kaye ...............Sports Editopr
No. 4-Thursday, February 25 from the Local Level." Feb. 18, 4 to 6 present. Lindbergh says 1w doesn't Paul Greenberg.Assoc. Sports Editor
No. 5-Tusday, FebMar 25p.m.: '"Group Methods and Individual IePu rebr...AscIprsEio
No. 6-Tursday, March24 Attitudes on the Campus." Register at want to be recognized when he Marilyn Campbell..Women's Editor
No. -Thrsdy, arc 4 Atitues n te Cmpu.>,Regste atKathy Zeisler... .Assoc. Women's Editor
These lectures are designed particu- Lane Hall. No fee, travels. . . . Jiggs Donohue, for- Chuck Kelsey ......Chief Photographer
larly for students who are new to the mer commissioner of the District
campus, but are open to all-espec- Brotherhood Banquet sponsored bymr
ially to those who did not attend the Student Religious Association will be of Columbia and the man who Business Staff

required lectures. They are comprehen-
sive summaries, particularly of basic
questions related to personal health of
importance to students.
Lecture titles will be announced later.
The Department of Biological Chem-
istry will hold its first seminar of the

held on Tues., Feb. 16, at 6 p.m. at Lane prosecuted Harry Bridges, is the Thomas Traeger......Business Manager
Hall. Dr. J. Oscar Lee, Chairman of the pWilliam Kaufman Advertising Manager
department of Racial and Cultural best bet to become new chairman Harlean Hankin....Assoc. Business Mgr.
Relations, National Council of Churches, of the Democratic National Com- William Seiden .......Finance Manager
will speak on "The Status of Human Don Chisholm.....Circulation Manager
Relations in the Nation and in the mittee after Steve Mitchell re-__
World." Buy tickets at Hane Hall. signs . . . An Air Force- general Telephone NO 23-24-1
will hbe Colonel Beniamin O. Davis eehneN 32-


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