See Page 4
Latest Deadline In the 'State
VOL. LXIV, No. 131 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, APRIL 14, 1954
Hits Salk Halt
'U' Doctors Say Health Department
Reason Inadequate; Engelke Replies
By MARK READER
The dispute over participating in the Salk polio vaccine ex-
periments flared up again yesterday as the University Medical School
blasted the Washtenaw County Health Department for dropping out
of the program last Friday.
But Dr. Otto K. Engelke, County Health Director stuck to his
guns late yesterday reaffirming his position that the "community
would be better served" were the scheduled experiments postponed
* * * *
THE HEALTH DEPARTMENT withdrew from the polio tests
April 8, following a new release from the state Medical Society and
Seek To Halt
Reds in Asia
PARIS-(2)-The United States
and Britain agreed yesterday to
push for formation of a new 10-
nation military lineup in the Pa-
cific, like NATO, to halt Commun-
ist expansion in Southeast Asia.
U. S. Secretary of State Dulles
flew here from London for French
approval. French and American
sources said he was sure to get it.
A JOINT British-U.S. statement,
issued in London, assailed Com-
munist-led aggression in Indo-
china and Red threats to South-
east Asian security. It added:
"Accordingly, we are ready to
take part with the other coun-
tries principally concerned in
an examination of the possi-
bility of establishing a collec-
tive defense within the frame-
work of the charter of the
United Nations organization to
assure the peace, security and
freedom of Southeast Asia and
the Western Pacific."
The 10 countries would be the
United States, Britain, France,
Australia, New Zealand, Thailand,
the Philippines, and the three
Indo-china states of Laos, Cam-
bodia and Viet Nam.
Thailand has already volun-
teered to join. *
DULLES SAID on arriving in
Paris that the Western Allies had
a common purpose in trying to
end the war in Indochina "on con-
ditions which will guarantee lib-
erty and justice for all the peo-
ple of that area."
He said he hoped that end of
the Indochinese War would be the
outcome of the Geneva confer-h
ence opening April 26, and that
the defense plan would help
By The Associated Press
HANOI, Indochina - French
planes parachuted tons of ammu-
nition to Dien Bien Phu's defend-
ers yesterday and plastered rebel
besiegers on the rim with high ex-
plosive and flaming gasolines
* *~ *
WASHINGTON - President
Eisenhower put Norman P. Ma-
son, a Massachusetts lumber
dealer, in charge of the scandal-
rocked Federal Housing Admin-
istration yesterday while Con-
gress prepared to move in on
the nationwide FHA investiga-
CHICAGO - Joseph T. Meek
claimed an apparent victory in
the Republican race for U. S.
Senator yesterday on the basis!
of an impressive, steadily growingJ
lead in the Illinois primary,
a broadcast by radio commen-
tator Walter Winchell questioning
the safety of the vaccine.
The executive committee of
the Medical School and mem-
bers of the faculty directly con-
cerned with polio research is-
sued a statement declaring that
the reason for this action
"doubts, delays and public con-
fusion" did not seem adequate.
"The need right now is to pro-
tect as many children as possible
against this dreaded disease," the
statement continued. "We have
every reason to believe that its use
entails no greater risks than vac-
cines employed daily for other
"With these assurances and with
human lives at stake, can there
be any rational justification for
delay?" the doctors asked.
* * *
IN ANSWERING this the Health
Department said it "has received
no new information from any
source which would indicate that
properly certified vaccine and no-
tice of its complete acceptance by
the Michigan State Medical So-
ciety would be available- in time
to permit a successful conclusion
to Salk polio vaccine experiments"
"To the contrary, the Health
Department declared, "all we
have been able to learn has con-
firmed our original opinion that
the community would be, better
served were the program here
postponed until a time when it
might be completed with a suf-
ficient safety margin between
Ch . l , tinnof Ch oh vpino-
'M' to Two Hits
By PHIL DOUGLIS
Towering hurler Gry Graham
slammed the door in Michigan's
face yesterday with a brilliant
two-hitter as the Broncos of West-
ern Michigan College downed Ray
Fisher's nine, 4-1.
A slim Ferry Field crowd saw
the Broncos take an early second
inning lead and never give it up,
as the six-foot, three-inch Gra-
ham allowed only seven Wolver-
ines to reach base.
* * *
THE WOLVERINES will try to
regain their lost composure today
at 3:30 p.m. when they host the
Titans of the University of De-
troit on Ferry Field. Games Fri-
day at Western Michigan, and
Saturday at Toledo will round out
the week's baseball schedule.
The only Wolverine hits off
Graham were a third inning
double by centerfielder Danny
Cline and a ninth inning single
off the bat of first baseman
Jack - Corbett. Cline's double
drove in the only Michigan run,
a healthy drive that rolled all
the way to the fence when
Bronco left fielder Al Nagel mis-
judged it. The clout scored
catcher Dick Leach who had
gotten on base on a walk.
The big blow for Western Mich-
igan, which put them ahead to
stay, was Nagel's third inning
home run, a ponderous 335 foot
smash that dropped over the
fence just inches from left fielder
Bob Leach's outstretched glove.
Teammate Ron Heaviland was on
board at the time, having drawn
The Broncos continued to pad
their lead in the sixth when Jim
Stevenson tallied from second
when Corbettsbobbled a ground
Iball off" the stick of Bill Lajoie,
and threw wild to first.
IN THE EIGHTH Fisher lifted
pitcher Jack Ritter, who had
walked eight men during his seven
inning stint, and inserted veteran
Wisniewski soon found him-
self in a real jam, as an error,
walk and hit batsman loaded
the bases with no outs. He then
struck out Heaviland but walked
Nagel to force in the final Bron
co run. He escaped from the
predicament by making the next
two batters hit foul balls to
third baseman Don Eaddy, both
in the same spot.
See LEACH, Page 3
To Give Public
The University Symphony Or-
chestra, conducted by Prof. Josef
Blatt of the music school and
assisted by 26 members of the
Pending Check o
Tax OK'd ,
Awaits Regents' Nod
New Government Charter Ratified;
Adelphi Sorority Will Go National
By HARRY LUNN .
Daily Managing Editor
The revised student government constitution including provision
for a 25 cent a semester student tax won Student Affairs Commitee
approval yesterday, but the tax will not go into effect unless it is
favorably considered by the Board of Regents.
The remainder of the new charter. which received a two-to-one
vote of approval from the student body in last month's all-campus
election, went into effect with the -
SAC action. Outside of the tax
proviso, there were few changes
beyond minor substantive revi-
sions and several wording adjust-
ments arising from the changed
campus judiciary structure.
STUDENT Legislature President
Bob Neary, '54BAd., indicated last
night that the tax proposal would
be submitted shortly to the Uni-
versity administrative officers andI
then to the Regents, perhaps at
their May meeting.
If anuroved by the Board, the
£f FBI CI
Xi Psi Phi, professional dental
fraternity, gained Student Affairs
Committee permission to reacti-
vate on a close seven to five vote
LEGISLATOR SANDY HOFFMAN TAGS BOXES FOR SL'S
SL To Chanae Location;
h~e competion or ze vaccina-
tions and the closing of the
schools as well as the anticipat-
ed onset of seasonal infantile
The executive committee of the
Medical School in challenging the
Health Department's ruling said
that when "one considers the an-
ticipated mortality and disabili-
ties of poliomyelitis in the next
several months, there can be no
agreement with any other plan
other than one of using the cer-
tified vaccine to the limit of its
The group also called for a "fac-
tual non-emotional approach to
this exceedingly important public
health program and an immediate
practical program of action."
The polio vaccine tests were due
to begin here next Monday in somet
of the schools and April 26 in
others. Washtenaw County was to
have been one of the 12 Michigan
counties to participate in the pro-
tax would solve many of the which hinged on the group's bias
Legislature's long-standing fi- clause and the circumstances sur- By BECKY CONRAD
nancial problems. rounding its 1950 withdrawal from Student Legislature starts out on its three-stop jaunt to the
It would provide approximately campus. North Quonset Hut tomorrow.
$8,000 in revenue and end SL's de- First stop on the six-week trek is the Conference room in the
pendence on such projects as the Under an SAC rule of May, 1949. Student Publications Bldg. where SL will set up shop tomorrow with
Homecoming Dance for the bulk recognition cannot be granted a a drastically cut-down supply of office equipment, files and two
of its funds. The Legislature is I group with a membership restric- telephones.
operating this year on a budget tion of race, religion or color, but * * * *
set between $5,000 and $6,000 a January, 1951 ruling modified FOLLOWING ON the heels of the Michigras committee, the Legis-
used to employ a part-time secre- the earlier statement by making lature will move into the basement Michigras room of the Union
tary to handle certain administra- provision for readmittance of such April 26, after an 11-day stay at the Maynard Street building.
tive functions, to expand the cam- groups if chapter operations were Final moving day for SL is scheduled for June when Legis-
pus and public relations program suspended because of mobilization lators again will gather their belongings and trek to the North
through better publications, to for war. Quonset Hut at the corner of East and North University.
purchase needed equipment and to * * * Forced to move from their present base of operations at 512'South
support worthy all-campus pro- FOUNDED HERE on Febriuary State as a result of plans to raze the SL Bldg. to make room for the
jects. 8, 1889, the dental fraternity has new Union wing, SL representa---- - ----- - ~
Minor substantive changes in a clause restricting membership tives will give up eight rooms in
the charter included a provision on racial grounds, but alumni the present structure for one room QUIET!
requiring 1,200 student signa- members told the committee that
tures to place a referendum on lack of available housing follow- RELOCATION of the Union
the ballot from the old figure of ing World War II forced disband- heating tunnel to the present site
600. At the same time, the sec- ment of the chapter thereby plat- of the SL Bldg. is scheduled to be-
tion on amendments to the char- gin the case under the 1951 ruling. gin when the structure is razed P rotests
ter was changed to require 1,200 They also said removal of the so that construction of the Union
signatures to propose an amend- restrictive clause almost had addition can get underway in the
nent as opposed to the former been achieved at the -last na- fall. By FRAN SHELDON
provision of 400. tional meeting and expressed Legislators have spent the
In other business, SAC approv- hope that it would be struck past week taking stock of their Repeatmg his demand yester-
i # day for written Air Force assur-
ed affiliation of Adelphi sorority from the constitution at the equipment and tagging each yA
with Delta Phi Epsilon, a national next convention, piece to follow them on their ance that the proposed jet air base
sorority. Adelphi next month will travels. near Interlochen National Music
have fulfilled the requirement of Debate centered on the degree I , Camp not interfere with its sum-
a year's activity on campus as a to which the World War II emer- SL HAS changed addresses twice mer activities, Camp Director Prof.
local group. gency situation and resulting post- before in its eight-year existence. Joseph E. Maddy of the Music
- -------- war complications had affected the I first moved its home office from School said that on April 7 he had
- -group and caused its withdrawal. the Administration Bldg. to 122 submitted to the Air Force sug-
Officials M ay The alumni maintained that a South Forest in the summer of gestions of other suitable spots
pre-war practice of leasing houses 1950. in the area where the new base
was disrupted when the active When the University converted migpt be located.
Switch Jobs membership was moved into Uni- the house into apartments for He said there were other sites
By The Associated Press
The most sensational security
case since the dawn of the atom-
ic energy age broke yesterday
around the lean, nervous figure of
Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, the
man who directed the building of
the first A-bomb and one of the
first to conceive the hydrogen
By personal order of President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, Oppen-
heimer has been barred from all
access to secret data-and sus-
pended as one of the nation's fore-
most atomic defense advisors--
pending a check of 16 FBI-gat-
ered charges against him.
* * *
ONE MAJOR charge: that he
fought and delayed development
of the H-bomb.
Other allegations linked the
world-famous scientist with
known Communists and Com-
munist activities even after he
took charge in 1942 of the
A-bomb development program
at Los Alamos, N.M.
The Atomic Energy Commission
announced that a special three-
man panel headed by Gordon
Gray, president of the University
of North Carolina and former sec-
retary of the Army, has been
named to weigh the charges
Oppenheimer, 49, director of the
Institute for Advanced Studies at
Princeton, N.J., readily acknowl-
edged working for Communist
causes in the past-he said his
wife is an ex-Communist --and
agreed that in 1949-50 he opposed
making an all-out effort to build
BUT he said in a 43-page reply
to the AEC allegations that (1) he
never has been a Communist and
long has been out of sympathy
with the party, and (2) once ex-
President Harry S. Truman order-
ed the H-bomb work started, he
dropped all opposition and helped
All in all, said Oppenheimer,
who carries, probably, as much
atomic information in his head '
as any man alive, he feels he has
sometimes acted unwisely but
"what I have learned has, I
think, made me more fit to
serve my country."
Scroll honorary sorority for af-
filiated women last night tapped
21 new members, breaking a pre-
vious tradition of tapping on In-
Chosen for membership are:
Virginia Abbey, '55; Jean Brom-
field, '55; Rae Byron, '55N; Bar-
bara Burstein, '55SM; Jill Cole-
man, '55; Sally Fernamberg, '55Ed;
Susan Pricker, '55Ed, and Connie
Vhe list continues with: Con-
nie Jackson, '55SM; Jane Kohr,
'55; Henrietta Lubke, '55; Mari.
lyn Martin, '55Ed; Patricia
Marx, '55; Robin Renfrew, '55
and Janet Rutherford, '55.
Others are: Betsy Sherrer, '55;
Carolyn Snyder, '55; Margaret
Spindler, '55Ed; Nancy Stevens,
'55Ed; Nan Swinehart, '55Ed, and
Janet Wolk, '55.
They can be recognized today
by blue and gold scrolls hanging
from their necks.
Singing "In and out the halls we
w ~e wander,. Senior Society, in-
University President Harlan H.
Vnth~+ ~ v hfihinrCt - !+n_'
Expressing the feeling that "it
is dangerous to set up principles
by analogies," visiting lecturer of
philosophy Prof. Susanne K. Lan-
ger gave the first of three lectures
on "Expressiveness," at 8 p.m. yes-
terday in Kellogg Auditorium.
"A work of art expresses feeling
in anything that we can feel, and
riot something inferable from a
symptom," she said, "An artist ob-
jectifies the subjective realm, what,
he knows about human feeling.
But a work of art is not a confes-
sion or a frozen tantrum," Prof.
C'rnciriAd d Am v aina *nrmnot
Michigan Singers, with Prof. May- Htcher and.. Micigant "
nard Klein also of the music lege President John A. Hannah
school as conductor, will give a may trade jobs May 5--but just
public concert at 8:30 p.m. today for the day.
in Hill Auditorium. At least unofficial reports from
East Lansing indicate MSC stu-
Opening the program will be dent government leaders would
"Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks" like to arrange the presidential
by Richard Strauss. Claude De- switch in connection with Michi-
bussy's "Nocturnes," which are gan Week.
impressions of the night in three President Hatcher said last
different aspects, will be perform- night he hadn't heard any-
ed next. The Michigan Singers will thing from MSC about the ex-
be heard in one of the "Noc- change.
turnes," which represents the mer- But, he added, "any gesture;
maids song. that would help to cement friend-
The second half of the concert ly relations between the two
program will be devoted to Bee- schools would certainly be wel-
thoven's "Symphony No. 6 in F comed by the University of Mich-
major (Pastorale)." igan."
versity residence halls for a period
during the war and was unable to
secure a lease for property on any
permanent basis following the war.
IN ADDITION, they cited the
iexpense of moving laboratory
equipment from one house to an-
other as a complicating factor.
Unable to find a house after 1946,
the fraternity stopped pledgingf
and disbanded in 1950 when only
two members remained.
The seven member SAC ma-
jority saw the housing problem
applicable under the 1951 ruling,
while the minority maintained in
part that financial troubles ex-
tending back to the depression
was the greatest factor in caus-
ing the group's disbandment.
married couples two years ago, the "in unpopulated and less expensive
Legislature again picked up shop areas" that were 15 to 20 miles
and moved to the State Street from the camp and just as near
building. Traverse City, where the base
might as easily be located.
Speech by Justice THE CAMP director said he had
written John M. Ferry, a special
assistant to the Air Force Secre-
tary for this assurance that planes
Supreme Court Justice Felix would not disturb camp activity.
Frankfurter will give an informal
talk at 8 p.m. Friday in the Law- Prof. Maddy's request for an
yers' Club dining hall. Air Force statement "in writ-
Speaking on "Observations on ing" is the final obstacle in
Supreme Court Litigation," Justice building of the proposed $8,000,
Frankfurter will address Law 000 base currently scheduled to
School students and faculty mem- be constructed at Long Lake,
bers and several visiting judges about four miles from the camp.
and attorneys, who will attend a T
preliminary dinner in the justice'st The Air Force has already in-
honor. dicated that arrangements could
- be made whereby planes will not
STEERING COMMITTEE PROPOSA L:
fly over the camp while it is in
Vote On Engineering Constitution To Be Taken,
The second project in a year
potentially capable of seriously
damaging the nationally known
camp, the Air Force controver-
sy follows closely on the heels
won siaeies ercas Prore osS.-o sn
woma phlosphe Pro. Lnge ByNAN WIN~iAT (! (of a similar situation ocuring
s,+o ,. .r"~~+.M o ty h n mte etoe rTea r ~rPab ~n enntie e ~rL__
mittee andC oordina or of s me coma e ge ra e c pce ss5 y , last October concerning esta
is conducting a course in aesthet- A constitution has been pro- dent events. tion of members to be an inef- All 16 members will have terms L
Singing th traditional "Damn, ics during her stay at the Uni- posed by the engineering steering 3) To try to stimulate interest fective means of getting cap- of one year and will have equal lishment of a prison labor can
Damn, Damn to Michigamna," versity. committee to students and facul- and so strengthen student activi- able people. The proposed con- rights and voting privileges.
mmesof Wyvern, junior wom- ____-_e abltpope.Thtprpoedco-gighsendvoingprviegsonoirualythtsaebitaase
members ty of the engineering school to I ties by working through and by stitution attempts to remedy The proposed constitution was base.
ens hoorary society, wound halyW R To Present set up a new Engineering Council. placing responsibility for these ac- this and to achieve true repre- written by the engineering steer- Prof. Maddy at the time poin
through residence halls yesterday J The proposed constitution will tivities in the hands of student sentation, ing committee with a faculty to the impossibility of operatin
tapping next year's junior women About Pratt be discussed and voted on at a! organizations. (A need was seen Council members will come advisory board. It was based on children's camp in such cl
who have shown outstanding abil- kJL~. ymeeting of representatives of en- for stronger student organizations. from three sources, professional a questionnaire sent in the fall proximity to a group of unconfi