TRE AlCillipAA UAILY
8UNDAY, MARCH 7,19 54
PAGE FOUR 'kitE Al i~juA'~ bAiiA ~IJNDAY, MARCH 7, 1954
One for the Books
"ASSUME A VIRTUE if you have it not"
appears to be the policy of the framers
of a bill creating a Fair Employment Prac-
tices Commission in Michigan.
The philosophy behind the bill, which
passed the Senate and now goes to the
House, is that of appeasement. That dis-
crimination is unfair, undemocratic and
contrary to the American 'way of life' has
in the last decade or so been generally
acknowledged. But a certain section of the
public has also tacitly agreed that although
discrimination abridges the rights of the
individual, legislation against it will also
restrict the liberty of an individual, that
of the employer.
How to reconcile this conflicting viewpoint
is, of course, a problem, but the Micigan
lawmakers have effectively solved it.
The solution: place an FEPC law on the
books but word it so that it is practically in-
effectual. Thus, one can be lauded for up-
holding the principles of democracy and at
the same time, be safe from embarassing con-
The present bill states that it is against
public policy to discriminate on account of
race, creed or color in employment. How-
ever, the powers it gives to the FEPC com-
mission are meager. It can investigate and
hold hearings on alleged discrimination
cases and can then make recommendations.
It will not be able to impose penalties and
has, in effect, no enforcement powers. Even
the power of subpoenaing witnesses has been
removed by amendment.
In the past, several states have' enacted
FEPC laws. The majority of this legisla-
tion has failed. One thing only has been
proved. FEPC laws cannot be effective un
less there is a strong enforcement power.
Admittedly, one of the best ways of stop-
ping discriminatory employment is to bring
employer and employee together and
resolve the problem through discussion,
but if this method fails there must be the
means to enforce the law. Even New
York, which probably has the best FEPC
legislation in the country, has glaring in-
equities because the penalties imposed are
not strict enough. According to the New
York Times, there is still blatant discrim-
ination in New York medical schools for
If the proposed Michigan law is passed
all it will involve will be legislation on the
books-practically speaking, it will mean
next to nothing.
THE 39 STEPS with Robert Donant and
THE CURRENT Cinema Guild attraction,
The 39 Steps, is another example of the
expert use Alfred Hitchcock makes of the
film as an art medium. This time the plot
revolves around an international spy ring,
but all the elements of a Hitchcock movie
are present-compastness, movement, and
attention to detail.
Much like the recent Strangers On a
Train the plot's climactic action begins
and ends in a namusement center; this
time a music hall. Hammond, a stranger
in London, meets Annabella Smith, an in-
ternational spy, at the music hall. But she
is murdered in his apartment before Ham-
mond can hear the details of her secret.
All he knows is that he must go to Scot-
land. From this point on Hammond is
chased by the police throughout England
and Scotland as an escaped murdered,
while he attempts to find the spies.
After various incredible escapes from both
the police and the spies, Hammond comes
back to London again where action is cli-
maxed in the Palladium, another large music
What makes this film so intriguing is
the complex plot structure which is clearly
defined by the use of the camera with a
minimum of dialogue. Everywhere there is
movement. While on his way to Scotland,
Hammond is chased all over the train in
the best Hitchcock manner. Then again
he is chased over the moors by men on
foot, automobile, and even an autogyro.
There is never a lull in the pace. Scene se-
quences are short and always shifting.
The camera position is also always mov-
ng to new angles, never tiring the viewer
with stagey box shots. And the camera is
ased with great effect to bring out the con-
trast between the bright lights of the city
and the bleakness of the Scottish moors.
Particularly interesting is Hitchcock's
use of feet and eyes to excite suspicion
and suspense. It seems to keep the aud-
ience fresh and attentive without any
Needless to say, the acting, while uniform-
ly good, is always secondary to Hitchcock
and the camera. Although the sound track
is none too distinct, The 39 Steps, is a classic
in myste:'y films.
One of the more sincere efforts to portray
African culture accompanies the main fea-
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Terrorists and Spies
By WALTER LIPPMAN
F CONGRESSIONAL investigations in the
field of security had not become so de-
bauched by demagoguery, the country would
now be looking to Congress for guidance af-
ter this second outbreak of terrorism. The
shooting in the House of Representatives and
the murderous attempt to assassinate Presi-
dent Truman were the work of the same
group, and apparently of the same band, of
Puerto Rican Nationalists. This poses the
question whether, since the first outbreak
against President Truman, everything has
been done that could have been done to keep
the activists under adequate surveillance.
The woman, who seems to have been
the leader in Monday's shooting, had been
spotted as a dangerous character and the
intention was to watch her. But the watch
was obviously inadequate. A serious and
competent Congressional Committee would
certainly wish to find out whether the fail-
ure to keep a successful watch on her was
due to the fact that the FBI is overworked
and has more to do than it can do.
It is just possible that the time and the
energy spent on investigating crackpot
charges against the Chief Justice and the
political wild oats of school teachers, might
better have been spent watching Mrs. Lebron.
But whatever a serious investigation would
show, it must be recognized that it could
never show a way to provide perfect protec-
tion against a terrorist who is willing, as
were Mrs. Lebron and her band, to die in the
The failure of the attempts to assassi-
nate Hitler illustrates the rule clearly. Nazi
Germany was an extreme police state,
honeycornbed with secret services, equip-
ped with every device for the detection
and suppression of Hitler's enemies. Yet
men who wished to kill Hitler were able to
enter the same room with him and stand
a few feet from him. Though he was sur-
rounded with guards, he was not perfectly
guarded. Yet they failed to assassinate
him. Why? Because those who had the
opportunity were not willing to die in the
Against those who are, there is, as our own
experience with assassination and with near
misses shows, no impenetrable protection.
This is one of the hazards of public life. The
best one can say is that when the police have
done their utmost, there will, still be occa-
sional breakthroughs. Things are different
in some parts of the world where assassina-
tion is a regular practice. But here these out-
breaks of terrorism may be regarded as acci-
dents-against which there are precautions
but no absolute guarantees-rather than as
symptoms of organic 'disease.
AS WE THINK about the problem of deal-
ing with the dedicated terrorists who ex-
pect to die in the attempt, we may go on
to reflect a bit on the different but related
problem of countering espionage.
The essense of the problem is that the
great spy, who traffics in top secret in-
formation, is invariably and must in the
very nature of his work be heavily dis-
guised. If the important spies went around
wearing labels, or went about calling at-
tention to themselves by making subver-
sive sleeches or joining revolutionary so-
cieties, dealing with espionage would be
as easy as rolling off a log.
But the spy who really strikes pay dirt
must be someone who is trusted with the big
secrets and does nothing to arouse suspicion.
The Western powers did some highly suc-
cesful spying against the enemy in the two
world wars. In one of them they had work-
ing for them on the other side an officer of
the General Staff. In another they had work-
ing for them men who were high in the se-
cret service of the enemy and in the foreign
office. These great spies, it need hardly be
said, had not gone around making speeches
against the Kaiser or Hitler, and they had
not signed anti-Nazi declarations.
Or perhaps it does need to be said for
the benefit of our well meaning neighbors
who think that McCarthy is protecting the
country against spies and traitors. What is
the reason that McCarthy has never as yet
caught an important spy, in fact any spy?
Not because he would not like to catch
one if he could. Not because he has not
had money, agents and investigators and
The reason is that McCarthy does not
know, or is pretending not to know, that
spies do not have red bulbs attached to their
foreheads which light up and blink so that
nobody shall miss seeing them. McCarthy
is forever investigating people who from the
point of view of an enemy intelligence serv-
ice are either incapable of spying because
they have no access to secrets, or are dis-
qualified for employment as spies by the
fact that they have in one way or another
fastened blinking bulbs to their foreheads.
Important spies are people who are not
easily suspected, who wear highly protective
camouflage, and are not easily detected.
They are not likely to be caught in the kind
of net which McCarthy uses. When they are
caught, and some big ones have been caught,
it is by men who are at least as clever as they
are; and as well able as they are to work
The Congressional manhunters are not
clever, and to ask them to work under-
ground is like taking a fish out of water.
They raise such a hullaballoo that every
serious spy can hear them a mile off, and
is continually being alerted by them about
what measures to take to cover up his trail.
It is very valuable information in the work
of a genuine spy to know who are regard-
ed as security risks, and what are the cri-
teria which the United States government
uses in defining a security risk. For that
tells the genuine spy what to guard against
in penetrating the security of the govern-
In the cold war of the intelligence services,
the demagogic exhibitionism of the so-called
security investigations is tantamount to let-
ting the opposing player see-if not your
whole hand-at least some of the cards in it.
(Copyright, 1954, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
"We Caught A Whale But It Shrank"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
-0-f -~a4c.a -
THE WEEK ON CAMPUS
MICHIGAN COEDS were criticized for everything from their thick
ankles to their brains by griping males in a Daily survey. The
girls retaliated with gripes of their own. Besides the wise-cracks, a
few serious ideas came through. The men thought the women were
hard to meet and cold socially. The women thought the same thing
about the men.
Meanwhile a sociological survey showed that men and women
have the same likes as well as gripes about each other. They both rate
pleasantness, cheerfulness, neat appearance, a good sense of humor,
consideration and looks in about the same order. Having cash, clothes
and cars wasn't considered very important by either sex.
*, * * *
TWO HUNDRED SEVENTY-TWO men became fraternity pledges
as formal rushing ended.
* * * *
N LANSING, the House Ways and Means Committee wrote a bill
giving the University just what Gov. G. Mennen Williams thought
it ought to have for operating expenses. University officials, who
thought the University needed more money, were hopeful that the
committee might change its mind as it continued hearings on the bill.
* * * *
STUDENT LEGISLATURE Wednesday night recommended that any
changes in student government organization be okayed by "SL
and/or the student body." The legislature also urged the Student Af-
fairs Study Committee, currently studying -student government re-
organization possibilities, to appoint more voting student members to
Prof. Lionel Laing, a chairman of the SAC study group, saw
the second SL move as expressing possible lack of confidence in
the study committee at "a crucial time."
Meanwhile the study committee tentatively favored seven ex-
officio members, with about 13 more elected, on a "student executive
council" to replace Student Legislature. The League, Union, Inter-
House Council, Inter-Fraternity Council, Panhellenic Association, As-
sembly and The Daily would each furnish one member of the student
council if the plan is adopted.
THE INTER-HOUSE Council said it wouldn't like to see any more
men's houses given over to women, or any women's houses given
to men. The IHC said the University should 1) let more women live
outside the dorms, 2) pack them tighter into existing residence halls
space or 3) build more quads.
* * * *
ATTORNEY GENERAL Herbert Brownell, Jr., made a quiet appear-
ance on campus. Nobody got very excited about what he said at
an afternoon press conference, and his lecture series talk on internal
security was mostly a legal argument for allowing the use of wire tap
evidence in federal courts.
* * * *
TWO IMPORTANT votes were taken in campus sorority houses last
week, results to be tabulated tomorrow. Issue No. 1 was whether
or not to amend Panhel's constitution to allow a two-thirds instead of
three-fourths majority to approve rushing changes. Second issue was
the highly controversial one of fall vs. spring rushing. What Panhel
would do if only a simple majority could be obtained on the rushing
vote was still a matter for speculation.
Xtte TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters - of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Interviews for Summer Employment.n
There will be a representative on cam-7
pus wed., March 10, interviewing for
camp counselors for two coed camps
near Detroit and a day camp in De-v
troit. He also has need of a kitchen
manager. Interested persons may make
appointments by calling2Bureau of Ap-
pointments, Extension 2614.
Psychology Concentrates. Any stu-
dents desiring admission to the Honors
Program in Psychology for 1954-55,1
should apply be letter to Dr. W. J. Mc
Keachie, 6618 Haven Hall, before MarchI
15. If additional information about the
program is desired, it may be obtained
from the concentration advisors or Dr.I
Seminar in Complex Variables: Mon.,
Mar. 8, 4 p.m., 3010 Angell Hall. Mr.I
John Line will continue his lectures onI
"Correspondence of Frontiers under'
Seminar in History of Mathematics.
Mon., Mar. 8, 3 p.m., 3231 Angell Hall.
Prof. Jones will continue the discussionI
of Descartes' mathematical work and
begin a presentation of Gaspard Monge.
Concerts-May Festival The sale of
tickets for single concerts will 'begin
Wednesday morning, March 10, at the
offices of the University Musical Soci-
ety in Burton Memorial Tower. To avoid'
confusion and to conserve time, it will
be appreciated if purchasers will be pre-
pared with correct amounts for pay-
ment. Tickets are priced at $3.00, $2.50,
$2.00 and $1.50.
The Philadelphia Orchestra will par-
ticipate in all six concerts; and the as-
signment of soloists is as follows:
Thursday, April 29, 8:30. Lily Pons,
soloist; Eugene Ormandy, Conductor.
Friday, April 30, 8:30. Lois Marshall,
soprano; Blanche Thebom, contralto;;
Leonard Rose, Cellist. University Choral
Union, Thor Johnson, Conductor.
Saturday, May 1, 2:30. Brahms pro-
gram. Jacob Krachmalnick, violinist,
and Lorne Munroe, cellist; Eugene Or-
mandy, Conductor. The Festival Youth
Chorus, Marguerite Hood, conducting.
Saturday, May 1, 8:30. Zinka Milanov,
soprano; and Kurt Baum, tenor; Eugene
Sunday, May 2, 2:30. Mendelssohn's
"Elijah" - Lois Marshall, soprano;
Blanche Thebom, contralto; John Mc-
Collum, tenor; william Warfield, bass;
University Choral Union; Thor John-
Sunday, May 2, :30. Arthur Rubin-
stein, pianist; Eugene Ormandy, Con-
Organ Recital. The first in a series
of three Sunday afternoon organ pro-
grams will be played at 4:15, March 7,
in Hill Auditorium, by Robert Noeh-
ren, University Organist. The all-Bach
programs will fesature the "Eighteen
Great Chorales," and will be open to
the general public without charge. The
program for the first Sunday is as
follows: Prelude and Fugue in C ma-
jor, Three Chorale Preludes on "Al-
lein Gott in der Hoh' we Ehr" (All
Glory Be To God on High); Trio-Sona-
ta No. 3 in D minor; Three Chorale
Preludes, "An wasserflussen Baby-
lon," "Nun danket ale Gott," and
"Komm, heiliger Geist"; Toccata and
Fugue in D minor.
Student Recital. Walter Evich violist,
will present a program at 8:30 Monday
evening, Mar. 8, in the Rackham As-
sembly Hall, in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the degree of
Master of Music. It will include Bach's
Concerto in C minor, Mozart's Sonata
in C major, Scherzo by M. vieux; viola
Concerto by Bela Bartok. Mr. Evich is
a pupil of Robert Courte. and a mem-
ber of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra.
His recital will be open to the general
Museum of Art, Alumni Memorial
Hall. Flaherty Photographs, through
March 7 Beckmann and Rouault, March
Hours are 9-5; Sundays 2-5. The pub-
lic is Invited.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society. Rehear-
sal for entire casts of "Thespis" and
"The Sorcerer" tonight in the League
Undergraduate Students Interested in
Botany are cordially invited to attend
the first meeting of the Undergraduate
Botany Club on Sun., Mar. 7, at 2 p.m.
in 1139 Natural Science Building. You
need not be enrolled in any particular
botany courses. Just come and get ac-
J.G.P. Publicity Contacts. There will
be a meeting of all J.G.P. publicity
contacts at 2:30 p.m., Sunday, Mar. 7,
at the League. Each women's residence
is asked to send at least one represen-
tative from their house.
Collegium Musicum under the direc-
tion of Hans David 8:30, Sunday eve-
ning, Mar. 7, Auditorium A, Angell Hall.
The group will present The Six Con-
certi Grossi, Op. 3, by G. F. Handel,
played from the original parts of Han-
del's time. The general public will be
admitted without charge.
Roger Williams Guild. 9:45 a.m., Stu-
dent Class discusses "What Students
Can Believe about the Relation of
Church and State. 6:45 p.m., Joint
Meeting with the Ypsilanti Baptist Stu-
dent Group in the Chapman Room. Dr.
John Casteel, Colgate Rochester Divin-
ity School, discusses "The Fulfilling
of Personal Life in Prayer."
Evangelical and Reformed Student
Guild. Bethlehem Church, 423 S. 4th
Ave. Discussion: "Student Government:
A Christian Interpretation."
Unitarian Student Group. 7:30 p.m.,
Unitarian Church. Discussion on "Ave-
nues for Social Action" with a panel of
experts. Those needing or able to fur-
nish transportation, meet at Lane Hall,
Gamma Delta, Lutheran ' Student
Club. Supper program at 6 p.m. Dis-
Westminster Student Fellowship 9:15
a.m., Breakfast Seminar on "The
Final Triumph." 6:45 p.m. Prof. Pres-
ton Siosson will speak to the West-
minster Guild on "The Personal and
Social Responsibility of the Individual."
Lutheran Student Association: 7 p.m.,
at the Student Center. Rev. Charles
Sandrock will speak on, the topic: "Our
Young Friends Fellowship: 6:30 p.m.,
Lane Hall. Prof. Kenneth Boulding will
lead a discussion of "Pacifism."
Michigan Christian Fellowship. Dr.
Kenneth Pike, Associate Professor in
Linguistics, will speak on the subject
"Why Did Christ Come?" 4 p.m., Lane
Hall. All students are invited; refresh-
ments will be served.
Congregational - Disciples Guild: 7
p.m., Congregational Church. Prof. Bill
Alston, Philosophy Department, will
bring to us: "My Concept of God."
Grace Bible Student Guild. 10 a.m.,
Sunday School class meets, with Dr.
Pike leading a study in Romans. 6 p.m.,
Guild supper and fellowship. Welcome.
Hillel. 5 p.m.. Hillei Chorus; 6 p.m.,
Sunday evening supper club.
Mrs. Harlan Hatcher will entertain
the women of the University Faculty
at a dessert meeting on Tues., Mar. 9,
7:15 p.m.. at her home on South Uni-
The College of Engineering and the
Audio-Visual Education Center will pre.
sent the premiere showing of a dramat-
ic, color motion picture entitled The
First Hundred, commemorating the
Centennial of Engineering at Michigan,
in Auditorium A, Angell Hall, Wed.,
Mar. 10, at 7, 8, and 9 p.m.
Mathematics Club. Meeting, Tues.,
Mar. 9, 8 p.m., West Conference Room,
Rackham Building, Prof. N. H. Kuiper
will speak on "Locally Projective
Undergraduate Math Club. The next
meeting of the club will take place.
Monday evening, Mar. 8, at 8 p.m. in
Room 3-B of the Union. Prof. Piranian
will speak on "Cantor Sets." All inter-
ested are invited to attend.
The Department of Aeronautical En-
gineering will sponsor a seminar on
TURBULENT DIFFUSION AND ATMOS-
PHERIC POLLUTION by Dr. F. N. Fren-
kiel of the Applied Physics Laboratory,
Johns Hopkins University, on Mon.,
Mar. 8, at 4 p.m., in 1504 East Engi-
neering Building. All interested are in-
vited to attend.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society. Rehear-
sal tomorrow night for all the princi-
pals of "Thespis" and "The Sorcerer"
in the League, 7:15 p.m.
The Russky Kruzhok will meet Mon-
day evening at 8:00 in the International
Center. Featured on the program will be
a talk on the Moscow Art Theatre by
Conrad Stolzenbach, student in the De-
partment of Speech. Refreshments. Ev.
eryone interested in Russian is cor-
dially invited to attend.
Museum Movies. "Heredity and En-
vironment" and "Heredity in Animals,"
free movies shown at 3 p.m. daily in-
cluding Sat. and Sun. and at 12:30
Wed., 4th floor movie alcove, Museums
Building, Mar. 9-15.
La p'tite causette will meet tomorrow
afternoon from 3:30 to 5 p.m. in the
wing of the Michigan Union Cafeteria.
All interested in speaking French are
invited to attend!
Deutscher Verein-'-Kaffee Stunde will
meet Mon., 3:15 p.m., Union alcove. Miss
K. Johnson and Mr. P. Horwath, mem-
bers of the German Dept. faculty, will
be present. Opportunity for beginning
and advanced students to speak German
in a social atmosphere. All welcome.
Scabbard and Blade. Meeting, Thurs.,
Mar. 11, 212 North Hall at 19:30 hours.
The Latin American Studies Depart-
ment is sponsoring a coffee hour Tues.
Mar. 9, at the Student Faculty lounge
in the League from 4 to 5:30 p.m. Any-
one interested In discussing Latin
American affairs is invited,
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Harry Lunn.........Managing Editor
Eric Vetter..............City Editor
Virginia Voss......... Editorial Director
Mike Wolff......Associate City Editor
Alice B. Silver. .Assoc. Editorial Director
Diane D. AuWerter.....Associate Editor
Helene Simon.......Associate Editor
Ivan Kaye...............Sports Editor
Paul Greenberg.... Assoc. Sports Editor
Marilyn Campbell......Women's Editor
Kathy Zeisler.. .Assoc. Women's Editor
Chuck Kelsey .... Chief Photographer
Thomas Treeger..... Business Manager
William Kaufman Advertising Manager
Harlean Hankin. ..Assoc. Business Mgr.
William Seiden.....Finance Manager
Don Chisholm. . irculation Manager
Telephone NO 23-24-2
ASSOCIATED COLLEGIATE PRESS
Worship and Program: Panel on Family
Relationships with Dr. Albert Logan,
Mrs. Donald Katz and two students.
Fireside Forum for Graduate Students.
7:30 p.m. in the Social Hall. Lester Mc-
Coy, Minister of Music, and the Choir
wvill present a program to open the
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-A surprising development
regarding atomic energy has occurred
behind the closed doors of the Senate-House
Atomic Energy Committee. Most of its mem-
bers are ready to go beyond President Eisen-
hower's proposals for unveiling atomic se-
crets to our allies and to private business.
Pennsylvania's GOP Congressman James-
Van Zandt has even proposed privately
that the Atomic Energy Act' ought to be
completely rewritten, not simply amended.
Majority opinion of the Congressmen is
that the United States cannot go ahead with
a "new look" military strategy based on
atomic weapons, yet confine its allies to con-
ventional World War II weapons. For ex-
ample, the Atomic Energy Committee almost
certainly will authorize the armed services to
store atomic weapons at overseas U.S. bases,
even though the President did not go that
far in his proposals.
The Congressmen also argue that the best'
way .to keep ahead of the Russians is to pool
the atomic research of the great democracies.
Under the present setup, Britain and Canada
have been forced to concentrate on catching
up with American atomic know-how, thus
wasting valuable time retracing steps already
taken by American scientists. By exchanging
atomic information, the combined scientific
brainpower of the United States, Britain and
Canada, it's now believed, could be better
utilized to' outdistance the Russians.'
As it is, our atomic experts estimate that
Britain and Canada have come within 90
per cent of this country's atomic knowledge
at great cost in money and research. In some
fields, such as atomic missiles, they are be-
lieved to be ahead of us.
Meanwhile, atomic committee members
have been squabbling behind closed doors
over procedures. Before the Atomic Energy
Act is changed, the Democratic members
insist that the President report on the so-
cial, economic and political effects of
atomic power. Such a report is supposed to
be made by the White House, under the
present law, and Democratic members
claim that Eisenhower should make such
forbidden under the present Atomic Energy
* * *
BIG VS. SMALL AIRLINES
FLORIDA'S AGGRESSIVE, young Sen.
George Smathers made it so hot for the
Civil Aeronautics Board behind closed doors
the other day that Colorado's easygoing Sen.
"Big Ed" Johnson stirred out of his seat
and flew to the board's defense,
Smathers charged that the CAB, sup-
posed to protect the public's interest,
seemed to be looking out for the big air-
lines by squeezing small competitors.
Johnson got so riled over Smathers' need-
ling that he blurted out: "I want to com-
mend the board of the way they have oper-
ated in the past. The public interest is their
goal, their objective, and their purpose."
What Smathers pointed out, however, was
that a small airline cannot survive without
a CAB certificate.
"Since you have been on the board," he
asked CAB Chairman Chan Gurney, "have
there been any carriers given certificates?"
"I don't recall anyone getting a certifi-
cate," admitted Gurney who has been a
member of the board since 1950.
"Can you tell me how many years it has
been since an irregular carrier has been
given a certificate?" demanded the Florida
"Flying Tigers and Slick Airways were
given freight. cargo certificates," Gurney
"In the last 10 to 12 years, has there been
any certificate granted to any airlines to
operate trunk routes to carry passengers?"
"The only one that might be in that class
is the Trans Pacific," replied the CAB chair-
"And that operates exclusively within Ha-
wani," reminded Smathers.
"Yes, sir," acknowledged Gurney.
"Is it a fact," persisted Smathers, "that
there are less airlines operating today, cer-
tificated airlines, than there were eight or
ten years ago!"
"Thruzh eres_ ,,."amte ,,._-
'Political Necessity' .. .
,To The Editor:
I BELIEVE Becky Conrad's "con"
editorial on SL's proposal to
the SAC Study Committee con-
tained a misconception that is too
glaring and too basic to student
government to remain unanswer-
ed. I quote: "But perhaps the big-
gest blunder accomplished at Wed-
nesday's meeting concerned the
practicality of the motions. Grant-
ed students should participate inj
drawing up their own form of gov-
ernment ... But it has been prov-
en time and again that recom-
mendations from a committee,
chosen by the. University Presi-
dent, will hold more water with
him and with the Regents than
any student-sponsored sugges-
tions. This political necessity far
outweighs Student Legislature rea-
this, there can be no compromis-
ing exceptions for the sake of "po-
litical necessity." SL has not com-
promised itself or its electorate in
asking for student approval of any
proposed'student government, and
student participation in develop-
ing the plans. It has rather fol-
lowed the wishes and mandate of
It is wise to remember that stu-
dents approved the establishment
of the SL, and if anything is to
replace it to speak in their name,
they should certainly have the'
right to shape and approve it.
I myself am proud to serve on a
student government that has ex-
pressed this fundamental principle
of democratic government, student
or otherwise; for no democratic
institution is foisted upon the
body politic without their partici-
pation or even approval.
I believe student government
should say what it thinks, and Wh Not TV ?
what the student body thinks. I
believe it should say this regard- To The Editor:
less of "political necessity." All