THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1953
By ALICE B. SILVER
and VIRGINIA VOSS
We awaited President Hatcher's announce-
ment of his ideas concerning the coming
Congressional investigation with a degree of
hope. We are deeply sorry that the state-
ment was what it' was-inconsistent, con-
tradictory, weak, and not particularly be-
coming a University president
The President revealed his attitude on
three main points-the Congressional
committees in general, the rights and
duties of citizens before committees, and
the University policy or lack of policy on
campus personages involved.
As regards the first, the President made
clear that citizens should cooperate so that
"we can help these groups do their work
and put matters on a calm and even keel"
This is a hard line to swallow. First, we
must ask just what the committees' work is
or ought to be. It ought to be the gather-
ing of facts which will lead to constructive,
constitutional legislation in the best interests
of the country. It has not been this in the
past and there is no reason to believe that
Clardy's investigation will be of a different
stripe. The work which such committees
have done in the past has been destructive
-not constructive and indeed has come un-
comfortably close to that which is uncon-
The committees, including Clardy's, are
looking for "un-American" ideas and ac-
tivities. We seriously wonder whether this
is a legitimate task, whether this is com-
patible with the spirit or the letter (the
First Amendment) of the Constitution. We
seriously question whether the threat of
inernal communism is so great as to war-
rant an investigation into the politics of
our citizens. These are basic points. They
have been repeated and reiterated in these
columns. But somehow "because of the
existing situation" they are no longer im-
portant or relevant. We think they are
President Hatcher knows as well as we
that nothing can be done to render the pro-
cedures of the committee "calm and on an
even keel" On the contrary, they have done
everything possible to arouse public opinion
to a point of irrational fear and suspicion in
which freedom of ideas-something rather
pertinent to a university-must either com-
mit suicide or die by strangulation.
The President has also fallen into the
common assumption that the committees
are in effect a kind of traveling court which
makes charges and then finds the witness
guilty or innocent. This is precisely what
the committees would have us think. Pres-
ident Hatcher says that "any citizen refus-
ing to answer on the grounds that it might
incriminate him is placed under a heavy
burden of proof to explain his actions." The
image of a court appears here but it is a
twisted image. In court cases it has been
the practice in the United States to place
the burden of proof with the court and not
with the defendent. Another basic point
which the "present situation" seems to have
abrogated, and which the University Presi-
dent has overlooked.
But the most discouraging aspect of the
President's stand is the implication that
it will become the as yet unformulated
University "policy." Though he made
clear that the views he expressed were his
own and had not necessarily been sanc-
tioned as the University's stand, President
Hatcher did indicate that the University
would not formulate a "blanket policy"
to cover all cases, would only guarantee
that "we do recognize and will protect
rights of all citizens on our campus."
"Blanket policy," however, is a misleading
term. It implies that after all, so many
diverse circumstances surround investiga-
tions that it would be foolish to attempt
to cover them all in anything as inflexible
as a statement of policy. But is flexibility
desirable in this case? Student Legislature
didn't think so when it unanimously passed
a recommendation Wednesday urging that
no charges be brought against a .,student
unless he indicates by his testimony that he
Chas either violated the law or attempted.
to represent the University. The Legisla-
ture felt that the diverse circumstances sur-
rounding the case of a student called to
testify were only three: he could be sub-
poenaed; he could refuse to testify; he could
present testimony indicating his views and
experiences. Applicable as well to faculty
members, SL's outline seems a clear and
safe enough one to build a policy on. This
is a situation, then, in which "blanket poli-
cies" are not only possible to formulate but
necessary. Without concrete assurances, the
loophole left open to the unreliable whims of
public opinion is a huge one, and one which
should-and could-be closed.
Thus the very fact that no concrete
stand will be officially adopted reveals
something very significant about the na-
ture of University policy.
And the very fact that President Hatcher's
paramount concern does not seem to lie with
the educational freedom of his University re-
veals something very significant about the
Berlin --Still Beautiful
In Spite of It A It
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The author of the follow-
ing article on Berlin is the first student to be
sent to the Free University of Berlin on a Stu-
dent Legislature exchange scholarship.)
By WILLIAM ALLEN, Jr.
Berlin is different from any city I have
visited in America. If you could imagine
Washington as resting on a flat plain, you
would have a fair approximation of the big-
gest city in Germany. Berlin seems to have
grown up in a lazy way, and with consider-
able concern for beauty. All of the main
streets are four-lane or wider, and invariably
they are divided by a parkway planted with.
trees and grass. These streets are all over
the town, for there is no real "downtown"
in Berlin. There are the famous streets
with the famous shops, but they are set far
back from the street. with a plethora of trees
and shrubbery around them, and one block
to either side of the main streets will be
residential districts. Perhaps that is why
Berlin has no sky-scrapers. In any event,
it is a flat, decentralized and beautiful city.
There is an old proverb that Berliners
will always have plenty of light, space,
and green about them. It would certainly
seem to be true. I have never seen so
many trees in a city before. But as Though
to offset the beautiful use of nature, the
architecture is atrocious. The town seems
never to have recovered from the impact
of the Baroque period. All of the build-
ings are heavy, both in use of material and
But the city has a thousand little openings
and surprises. One can go two blocks from
the biggest street in town and find quaint
houses resting in rambling, sunken gar-
dens. And all over the city are parks-not
in the American style, but rather like
miniature Arboreteums, only denser and less
civilized. Berlin is the only large city I
know of where you could find a subway
station built to look like a peasant's farm
house-thatched roof and all-and where
such a sight would not appear incongruous.
But all is not beauty and grace in Berlin.
Our planes did quite a bit of damage to
some of the old buildings. And after
the bombs came the Russian siege of the
city, and house-to-house fighting in many
sections of the city. The result is that in
the Western sectors of Berlin about one-
quarter of the houses are still bombed out.
In the Russian sector the percentage is
still higher-approximately one-half. The
difference is that in the Western sectors
the people and the occupation forces have
done considerable building, while in the
Russian sector the people are too busy
trying to stay alive to bother with build-
ing. Their government has not concern-
ed itself with the housing situation except
to build highly specialized projects such
as Stalin-Allee which is intended only
for members of the Communist Party.
It is within this once broken, now divided,
but always living, striving city that the Free
University of Berlin continues academic re-
search and offers the advantages of higher
education to those who want to, and are
able to study. It goes without saying that the
University has, therefore, a unique outlook
upon the ordinary mechanics of University
4 , H7
tetteP' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Quiet Please .. .
To the Editor:
Paul Bunyon . .
To The Editor:
TONIGHT THE residents of THAR SEEMS to be a rumor on
Alice Lloyd Hall were privileg- the campus that we "Foresters"
ed to hear a most beautiful sere- ain't agoin' to throw the annual
n frater-shindig, the Paul Bunyan Dance.
nade by Kappa Alpha Psiua-blicity of this sort knocks the
nity. The solemnity of the situa- props out from under any organi-
tion, particularly during the solos, zation and I would like to see this
was shattered by catcalls of the letter published to stop this rumor.
"Oh, Frankie" variety and other The dance committees are work-
r . ru ing hard to see that the dance
rude and mnsipid remarks. True, will be all that it has been in the
these were made by only a few past, but we cannot hope to make
immature and inconsiderate in- a success of it if no one believes
dividuals, but it was enough to there will be a dance. There will
spoil the situation, and was un- be a Paul Bunyan Dance and a
doubtedly disconcerting to the good one.
singers, as well as insulting to the -Mike Myers
girl being serenaded. * * *
Obviously, formal rules concern- Join The Fun . .
ing conduct during serenades
would be impractical and unen- To The Editor:
forceable. It should be a matter THOROUGHLY persuaded by re-
of pride in one's conduct-as well cent events that the destruc-
+1r - xi -a t.detc
1MPft'3 Tpr, WMLN IMKTIN natf w
THE WEEK ON CAMPUSI
as in continuing to preserve one 1
of the few Michigan traditions-
to behave with the dignity requir-
ed in such matters.
-Lynn Zimmerman '56
The issues at stake over Congressional investigations took a giant
step towards becoming crystallized last week. While the nation-
and the University-kept its eyes on newspaper and television accounts Hatcher's Statement . .
of the Harry Dexter White case, the campus found a more immediate To The Editor:
concern in Rep. Kit Clardy's announcement that "a number" ofI
The need for student representation on the
University Board of Governors of the In-
ternational Center has long been obvious-
too long ignored.
Two resolutions concerning the Board,
which governs all non-academic activities
of foreign students, were recently passed
unanimously by the Executive Board and
members of the House of Representatives
of the International Students Association.
The suggested proposals of the ISA are
as follows: 1. "There shall be three voting
student members representing the inter-
national students on the Board of Gover-
nors of the International Center; 2. The
student members shall be elected by the
House of Representatives of the ISA and
recommended to the President of the
University for formal appointment."
University President Harlan H. Hatcher
met Wednesday with delegates of the Execu-
tive Board and the House of Representatives
to discuss the resolutions. Both he and them
University administration have declared
themselves in favor of student representa-
tion on the Board of Governors of the
International Center. The administration
has encouraged the determined ISA to con-
tinue its justifiable plea for representation.
The Board of Governors of the Interna-
tional Center now has no student repre-
sentation. Three ex-officio and four faculty
members constitute its ranks. Acting Dean
of Students Walter B. Rea, Dean of Women
Deborah Bacon and director of the Interna-
tional Center Esson M. Gale, are the ex-
officio members. Gale is the ex-officid
chairman of the group.
In the past years the Board of Governors
has been extremely inactive, meeting only
several times a year upon the request of the
chairman of the Board. The members of
the Board of Governors, never in direct
contact with the students, received informa-
tion only from their chairman, who is also
the director of the International Center. The
opinions he brings to the group represent
only one side, and the Board, supposedly
an advisory group, is likely to be only a rub-
ber stamping agency of the chairman.
Student opinion has never been pre-
sented before the Board, and the. existence
of international student leaders never
acknowledged. Certain actions were taken
by the Board which were flagrantly op-
posed to student opinion. The most im-
portant example by far was the dismissal
of Earl Stewart as Activities Coordinator
of the International Center.
In the near future the Board of Re-
gents will judge whether or not the ISA's
claim to student representation is justified.
An affirmative decision is the only course
of action possible if democratic administra-
tion of the non-academic activities of fore-
ign students is to be had here.
a master of exaggeration, precisely the sort
of thing his role requires. He is part fop,
part libertine, but always the unjust man
of the world. le is an admirable pose-
striker, and as he interpreted the part of
Callimaco-a wholly credible interpreta-
tion, and at times a very hilarious one-
there are innumerable opportunities to
strike poses. Too often such a role can
degenerate into a set of standard brow-
smitings and forlorn groans, but Mr.
Bennes' overplaying kept him funny
throughout the play.
Mr. Tone's performance as the old hus-
band and cuckold was as thoroughly senile
as it could have been. He was duped, and a
more convincing dupee could not have been
imagined. His wife was going to bear him
a son, and, after all the anguish he had
undergone just to make this possible, he was
overjoyed (the son, of course, was certainly
not his). We have only had the opportunity
to see Mr. Tone appear as old men, but,
although the danger of type-casting is al-
ways present, this is no cause for regret. He
is a very good old man.
The Cervantes play is also a comedy,
and is an attempt to be a farce; but de-
spite the interesting central idea a weak-
ness of action prevents it from being as
delightful as "Mandragola." The play
starts slowly, and depends for its appeal
on the acceptance by the audience of the
players' gullibility. This is a hard quality
to put across, and the result of their at-
tempts is to make them seem silly, but
little more. Bernard Tone again appears
as an older man, but in this play he tricks
rather than being tricked Essentially the
persons connected with the University had been subpoenaed for Jan-
uary hearings of the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Campus reaction took the dual form of curiosity-who were
the subpoened ones?-and concern-Academic Freedom Week
centered its discussions on investigating committees and educa-
tion, Student Legislature unanimously recommended a policy on
students called to testify and President Hatcher announced his
At the end of the week, the date of the hearing and persons to
be questioned were still undeclared, but campus policies-some sound,
some unsound-were well on their way to being formulated.
* * * *
SL TAKES A STAND-The "do-nothing" epithets flung at Stud-
ent Legislators all semester were foced to a halt last week asdthe
Legislature adopted a timely affirmation of the rights of students
called before investigating committees. Passed in a surprisingly un-
animous roll-call vote, SL's stand recommends three-way protection
in stating that a student should not be subject tohUniversity charges
merely because he is called to testify, because he refuses to testify
or because of his testimony, unless it indicates action violating a State
or federal law or attempts to represent the University.
PRESIDENT HATCHER'S MODIFICATION-Point number one
of the Legislature's stand was upheld by President Hatcher later in
the week. As for the second and third safeguards, the President said
he believed personally that a person refusing to answer any questions
put to him by investigaing committees "has a cloud of guilt placed
about him which-he must clear." The University's stand cannot be
formulated in any blanket policy "which could cover all problematical
cases", President Hatcher noted.
SENATE STEPS IN-The case of University senior Milo J. Radu-
lovich needed only Secretary of the Air Force Talbot's public an-
nouncement to confirm the expected decision against the alleged "se-
curity risk." But the Senate Armed Services Committee stepped in
unexpectedly and ordered a complete report from the Defense De-
partment on the case. Informed of the Senate's action, Radulovich's
attitude remained the same as it has been for two monhs: "wait and
THERE WAS A touch of irony
in President Harlan Hatcher's
statement: "anyone called before
a duly delegated Congressional
committee is obligated to answer:
all questions put before him,"
which appeared in Saturday's
Daily. Or was it coincidental that
this opinion was made public near
the end of Academic Freedom
Week, during which many stu-
dents and professors had been
vehemently asserting just the op-
posite. This statement disregards
the constitutional right voiced in'
the Fifth Amendment and the
many motives which cause its
Remarks like: "A person refus-
ing to answer any questions has
a cloud of guilt placeduabout him,'
are contradictory to the very rudi-
ments of justice.
President Hatcher, who by virtue
of his position, should be pro-
claiming the independence of the
University and its right to estab-
lish its own criteria for faculty
judgement, seemsto have relin-
Am I wrong if I see evidence
here of the "seduction by public
opinion" cited by Arthur Miller
in his recent Holiday article.
tion of certain books should not
proceed in a haphazard fashion,
we have decided to further the
public interest by forming a "Burn
A Book A Month Club." We would
appreciateusuggestions from the
In view of the impending cold
wave, the reviewers will attach
more weight to multi-volume
--John M. Morgan
Robert M. Russell
* * *
Effective Letter .. .
To The Editor:
J AM VERY GLAD to learn that
Prof. Hyma agrees with my
views of colonialism as expressed
in my letter of Nov. 11. This means
that his views have changed dras-
tically from those he expounded in
The Daily of Nov. 7. I never
dreamt that one letter to The
Daily could ever be so effective.
EVERY race, every art has its
hypocrisy. The world is fed
with a little truth and many lies.
The human mind is feeble: pure
truth agrees with it but ill: its re-
ligion, its morality, its states, its
poets, its artists must all be pre-
sented to it swathed in lies. These
lies are adapted to the mind of
each race: they vary from one to
the other: it is they that make it
so difficult for nations to under-
stand each other, and so easy for
them to despise each other.
-Itomain Rolland, in "Jean
IDAILY OFFICIAL BULLETINI
(Continued from Page 2) an effective farm policy." All interested
congregational - Disciples Guild. ' Undergraduate Math Club. Meeting,
p.m., meeting in Mayflower Room, Mon., Nov. 23, 8 p.m., Room 3-M, Union.
Congregational Church. Student Pan- Prof. Young will speak on "What is
el on "Gods of the Campus." jTopology?" All interested are invited.
WITH DREW PEARSON
vantes' SHOW OF WONDERS;
by The Arts Theater.
THE SELECTION of these two seldom-
performed one-act plays is altogether
in keeping with the Arts Theater's policy of
presenting experimental and different plays.
The result is an evening of drama which
includes both good and bad.
Machiavelli's play is a situational farce
set in Renaissance Florence. The two main
characters are a rich old man and an enter-
prising young one, and the story works
around the clash of their actions and mo-
tives. The old man, Messer Nicia, is in quest
of some miracle to make his young wife
conceive him a son; the young man, a real
Florentine rake, wants the wife for himself.
Messer Nicia's mistake is in asking the ad-
vice of a former marriage broker, who re-
commends Callimaco, the young libertine,
as a noted doctor who can solve the per-
plexing problem. As soon as Nicia places his
confidence in Callimaco the result is inev-
The basic idea of the play is obviously
immoral; this and the Renaissance flavor
of the characters are the only indications
that this is a Machiavelli opus. The plot-
ting and sneaking are of the sort common
to this kind of farce, and the satirization
of a materialistic friar is clever but just
as ordinary. The character of Callimaco
is played quite romantically, which al-
though it might not be properly fifteenth
century is theatrically effective. In short,
"Machiavellian" is not quite the correct
adjective for the play. Just plain "funny"
is more accurate.
WASHINGTON-It was on August 7 that President Eisenhower
signed a bill authorizing admission into the U.S. of 314,000 emer-
gency refugees who had escaped from behind the Iron Curtain.
During the three months that have passed, not one single refugee
has so much as started on his way to the United States.
Inside reason is that the State Department's chief security
officer, Scott McLeod, is deliberately dragging his feet on Presi-
dent Eisenhower's refugee program.
Ordinarily, McLeod would have nothing to do with refugees.
Their admission would be handled by immigration experts of the State
and Justice Departments. McLeod, however, got the job as part of a
secret deal with Sen. Pat McCarran, Nevada Democrat, and others
who did their best to block the refugee bill. In order to keep McCar-
ran from filibustering it to death, the White House agreed to turn
the program over to McCarran's pal, Scott McLeod, former assistant
to Sen. Styles Bridges of New Hampshire.
As another part of the price for McCarran's "cooperation,"
Sen. Arthur Watkins, Utah Republican, chairman of the Senate
Immigration Committee, promised not to try to amend the restric-
tive McCarran-Walter Immigration Act next session.
Since then, McLeod seems to be carrying out the exact wishes of
Senator McCarran. He has been proceeding as if his job is to obstruct
rather than admit refugees into this country. Though the bill was
passed as an 'emergency" program to relieve suffering refugees who
have fled Communist tyranny, McLeod has shoved the refugees to the
bottom of his priority list and is going ahead wih other quota immi-
grants who technically come under the same program.
After the refugee act was passed three months ago, one of Senator
McCarran's aides boasted privately: "We haven't lost yet. We're going
to administer the act."
With the help of "Scotty" McLeod, it is beginning to look as if
this boast may come true.
GOVERNOR OF UTAH COMPLAINS
UTAH'S OUTSPOKEN Gov. J. Bracken Lee, ever on the alert for
squandering of the taxpayers' money, was passed on the highway
recently by an automobile full of girls. The car bore an Interior
Westminster Student Fellowship. 9:15
a.m., Breakfast discussion on "Elec-
tion." 6:45 p.m., Westminster Guild
will have a special Thanksgiving pro-
ULLR Ski Club. First in a series of
physical conditioning parties will be
held at 4 p~m. in the Union.
Hillel Foundation Activities for the
9 a.m.: Leave the Hillel Building for
the Hillel "Kenes," All-Day Institute
at the Fresh Air Camp
Graduate Outing Club meets at 2 p.m.
at the rear of the Rackham Building.
There will be a cross-country hike in
the Waterloo Recreation Area followed
by supper at Rackham. Those who have
cars are urged to bring them to help
with transportation. Newcomers wel-
Political Science Round Table. Tues.,
Nov. 24, Rackham Amphitheater, 7:45
p.m. Prof. Roy C. Macridis, Northwest-
ern University, will speak on "The
Status and Prospects of Research in
Comparative Governments." All inter-
ested persons are invited.
Political Science Concentration Stu-
dents coffee hour, Tues., Nov. 24, 4
p.m., Michigan League. If you plan to
attend, please give your name to one
of the secretaries in the departmental
office, 4601 Haven Hal, as soon as pos-
Phi Lambda Upsilon, national chem-
ical honorary will hold its second meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., Tues., Nov. 24, West
Conference Room, Rackham. Mr. W.
Weichlein, school of music will speak
at 8 on the structural element inmu-
sic. The public is invited. Refresh-
La p'tite causette will meet tomor-
row afternoon from 3:30 to 5 p.m. in
the wing of the north room of the
Michigan Union caefteria. All inter-
ested students invited.
Congregational-Disciples Guild. 4:30-
6:00 p.m. Tues., Nov. 24. Tea at Guild
Tau Beta Pi. Meeting, Tues., Nov.
24, 7:30 p.m. Union. Prof. W. C. Sad-
ler will speak on aspects of law of in-
terest to engineers. The talk will be
proceeded by a short business meet-
ing and the taking of the 'Ensian
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the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board In Control of
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