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November 07, 1953 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1953-11-07

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Red Strength in Indonesia Explained

A Fortnite publicity meeting
will be held at 10:30 a.m. to-
day in the League. All dormi-
tories are requested to have
one representative present.

'U' Senior Discouraged by Controversy


(Continued from Page 0i

Methods of Communistic ma-
chinations in Indonesia are
brought to light in the latest pub-
lication of Prof. Albert Hyma of
the history department.
In "A History of the Dutch in
the Far East," Prof. Hyma points
out three moves by the free world
indirectly leading to increased
Communist strength in the Indo-
nesian Republic.
g * * *
EARLY in the war, the British
persuaded Queen Wilhelmina, in
exile in England, to pledge the
Dutch to give complete independ-
ence to the Indonesian possessions.
Queen Juliana fulfilled her
mothers' promise when she
signed the treaty giving Indone-
sia her independence in 1949.
The second step was taken when
General Philip Christison, who
commanded British forces in Java
under General Mountbatten, made
cessions to the nationalists after
Mountbatten had ordred the Jap-
anese to refrain from handing the
administration to any political
Commander of the. Netherlands
forces in the Far East Admiral
Conrad E. L. Helfrich had asked
for permission to land Dutch
troops since the British wouldn't
take any positive action.
AT THE TIME he mentioned
the fact that Sukarno, leader of
the Nationalists did not repre-
sent the Indonesian peoples and
for that reason was not the prop-
er person to deal with in the
"great crisis."
But Gen. Christison issued the
order that no Dutch troops were
to land in Java, though this is-
land was as much a Dutch pos-
sion as Malaya belonged to the
Prof. Hyma cited the differences
between the two situations: "in
Malaya, the rebels are called ter-
rorists, for they are fighting
against a major power. In Java,
they are 'nationalists for Holland
is too small and too weak to re-
ceive justice."
* * *
THE HISTORY professor noted
the third step occurred in 1945
when Lieutenant-General van
Mook of the Dutch forces recog-
nized Sukarno and Hatta, anoth-
er Indonesian nationalist leader,
contrary to his government's in-
He mentioned that Sukarno
and Hatta were active long be-
fore Japanese had invaded In-
Orchestra Set
For Concert
The Cleveland Symphony Or-
chestra, boasting two genuine
Stradivari violins, will appear at
8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Audi-
Under the direction of George
Szell, the 100musician group is
rated by leading critics as "high
among the half dozen leading
symphonic bodies of the nation."
"The Martinelli" is the name
of the older Stradivari owned by
concertmaster Josef Gingold.
The instrument was made by.
Antonio Stradiaviriat Cremona,
Italy in 1683.
James Barrett, assistant con-
certmaster uses a Stradivari dated
Oldest instrument used by a
symphony musician is a viola
which was made in Cremona, It-
aly in 1568.
In its concert today, as part of,
the Extra Concert Series, the
Cleveland Orchestra will open with
Berlioz' "Overture to the Roman

Carnival." Prelude to Debus-
sy's well-known "L'apresmili d'un
faune" is also scheduled for the.
The concert will continue with
Paganini's Variations for Or-
chestra on a theme, "Op. 26."
Concluding number of the pro-
gram will be Schubert's Sym-
phony in C major, No. 7."
Tickets for the concert may be
purchased from 9 to 11:45 a.m. to-
day in the University Musical So-
ciety offices in Burton tower and
from 7 p.m. until concert time to-
morrow. Ticket prices are $3, $2.50,
$2 and $1.50.

-Daily-Betsy Smith

donesia. Imprisoned in 1930
for "subversive, Communist-in-
spired activities," Sukarno was
set free Dec. 31, 1931. He was
"chief collaborator with the
Japanese during World War II
among the population," accord-
ing to the professor.
His fellow nationalist leader in
1927 served as delegate to the con-
vention of Communistic League of
Oppressed Peoples, an organ of
the Comintern.
Both collaborated with the Jap-
anese and on the Emperor's birth-
day in 1943, Sukarno proclaimed,
"We will smash the English with
the crowbar and flatten out the
* * *
PROF. HYMA deplored the lack
of concern over the situation in
the Dutch East Indies after the
war. He noted, "The Japanese
were permitted to turn their arms
over to the Indonesian national-
"If this sort of thing had hap-
pened in the colony of another
Allied power, the outside world
would have immediately been
informed about the injustice to
this particular country. While
the British retained their own
colony in Borneo the Dutch had
to surrender the whole of Indo-
"The Indonesian Republic was
not actually proclaimed by Sukar-
no and Hatta, but by the Com-
munist Students Committee," ac-
cording to the professor.
He explained that on Aug. 7,
1945, the two leaders were sum-
moned by the Japanese Supreme
Army Command to go to Saigon.
Japan surrendered Aug. 15 and
the two Indonesian leaders re-
turned to Java where they "were
suddenly kidnapped by the Com-
munists," he said.
* * *a
MOSCOW instructions to Indo-
nesian communists included agree-
ments with the Dutch known as
the Linggadjati Agreement of
March 25, 1947 and the Renville
Agreement of Jan. 17, 1948, on
board the American ship Renville.
The second agreement stated
"sovereignty throughout the
Netherlands is and shall re-
main vested in the Kingdom of
the Netherlands until the King-
dom of the Netherlands trans-
fers its sovereignty to the Unit-
ed States of Indonesia."~
The American State department
immediately welcomed the agree-
ment as "a healthy basis for the
political and economic develop-
ment of Indonesia."
However, the professor stated
that "a secret document dated Oct.
22, 1948 issued in the name of the
President of the Republic, Sukar-
Panhel Ball
Tickets for Panhellenic Ball,
"Southern Shadows," for the .
price of $3, will be on sale from
8 a.m. to noon today in the
Undergraduate Office of the

no, says neither the Linggadjati
nor the Renville agreements are
binding on the new republic.
"IT WAS NOT the government
of the Indonesian Republic which
was bound by the agreement, but
only those who signed it, and they
acted without authority; conse-
quently the Pact is not valid," the
document reads.
The historian claimed such a
thing could not have happened
if the Japanese had been pre-
vented from surrendering to
their former puppets. "General
Mountbatten could have and
should have demanded the un-
conditional surrender of the
Japanese in Java," according to
the professor.
Although not permitted by
Christison to land troops just aft-
er the war, the Dutch did dispatch
two police forces later on in hopes
of restoring peace to the trouble
spot, where "racial hatred went on
unabated because there was no de-
sire on the part of the leaders to
use common sense," according to
Prof. Hyma.
The second action occurred in
December, 1948 and was terminat-
ed when the United Nations call-
ed upon both parties to cease hos-
tilities and settle the disputes by
Communism is still greatly ap-
parent in the country, he point-
ed out. "On Sept. 15, 1951, Sukar-
no, for the first time since the end
of the war, said in a speech at
Bandung in Java that he support-
ed the principles of "marheinisme,'
which is Indonesian for Commu-
nist multi-nationalism.
"It is not surprising that soon
after that speech, Russian sub-
marines were sighted near the oil
port of Sorong in Dutch New
Guinea," the professor noted.
Dr. Alexander
Gets Award
Dr. John Alexander, professor
of surgery and head of the thor-
acic surgery section of University
Hospital, has been honored with
the annual Bruce H. Douglas
Award of the Michigan Trudeau
Society, an organization of state
physicians and surgeons working
with tuberculosis.
Dr. Alexander, the second re-
cipient of the award, was the first
to write a book in English on the
surgical treatment of tuberculo-
sis and is the author of a standard
textbook in TB surgery.
'Diwali' Festival
"Diwali," the festival of the
lights, will be celebrated by stu-
dents from India at 6:30 today in
Lane Hall.
The festival, the beginning of
the new year, is an occasion of
gaiety and good will.

Sligh Favors
Taxes on All
End Products
A manufacturer's excise tax on
all finished products was advocat-
ed yesterday by Charles R. Sligh,
Jr., president of the National As-
sociation of Manufacturers, speak-
ing before the 28th annual Michi-
gan Accounting Conference.
Sligh said that the NAM re-
garded the excise and corporation
taxes as discriminatory; wanted
them wiped out and a "flat five
per cent tax" imposed on all end
products. He added that food,
drugs, liquor and tobacco would be
exempt from such a tax.
ANSWERING charges against
the proposal, Sligh pointed out
that the tax would not be levied
on each individual part of a pro-
-duct, such as a tire, battery or
engine, but rather on the entire
item, such as a car.
"More men are needed by the
state who are trained in the field
of governmental accounting,"
said John B. Martin, Michigan
Auditor General, in his luncheon
address before the conference.
Also speaking before the con-
ference was Robert P. Briggs, exec-
utive vice-president of the Con-
sumers Power Company in Jack-
Advocating a change in utility
rates, Briggs said that "utilities
cannot continue to be Santa
"Under non-conversion of dol-
lar practices," he noted, "the true
cost of plant consumed in opera-
tions is not matched by the rev-
enues collected from customers."
* *~ *
A BASIC error, Briggs explain-
ed, was the current practice of
determining returns by comparing.
one company to another when all
are government regulated.
The Conference is being pre-
sented by the Michigan Associ-
ation of Certified Public Ac-
countants and the School 9f
Business Administration.
The MACA yesterday also pre-
sented Prof. William Paton of the
School of Business Administration,
with an oil portrait of himself
which will be hung in the halls
of the school.
Alumnae Hold
Meeting Today
Members of the University
Alumnae Council will meet at a
luncheon at 12:30 p.m. today in
the League for their semi-annual
Special speaker at the gathering
will be Dean Charles Odegaard of
the literary college.
Guests at the meeting include
President and Mrs. Harlan H.
Hatcher, Mrs. Charles Odegaard,
Regent Vera Bates, Dean of Wo-
men Deborah Bacon and Miss
Ethel McCormick of the League.
Joseph V. Brady, president of the
Alumni Association will also at-
tend the meeting.
All Ann Arbor alumnae have
been asked to attend.

RADULOVICH said his father
had taken two Serbian papers
when he came to the United States
but a pro-Tito paper was put on
the Attorney General's subversive
list and immediately discontinued.
"My- dad," Radulovich contin-
ued,. "can . hardly speak English.
How could he have spread Com-
munist propaganda in the factory
where he works?"
Radulovich said he only sees
his sister about once a year since
his marriage and knows little
of her political leanings.
"A lot of people assume the
charges against my relatives are
true. But even the Air Force ad-
mitted they were only allegations.
If they think my father and sister
are Communists, then why don't
they prosecute?
"The shock is wearing off.
Working for the Air Force was just
like working for a company for
eight years. All of a sudden every-
thing is closed. Unless I get an
exceptional employer in the future
I'll have a rough time getting a
* * *
"I THINK I'm a realist about
this 'security risk' thing but jobs
for meteorologists are few and far
between. I have an application in
for a job at the weather bureau,
but even that is civil service.
The physics major, who is
scheduled to graduate from the
University in June said he
"would have to put his nose to
the grindstone in order to pass"
his exams. Constant trips to
Detroit to confer with his at-
torneys have cut down on his
study schedule.
Radulovich spent his earlier
years in Detroit where he attend-
ed Cass Tech and has been in
the service since he was 17. "It's
the only life I've known," he stat-
ed. "You may say that my forma-
tive years were formed by the mil-
itary. I liked service life while I
was in it."
While in the Air Force, Radul-
ovich spent some time in the Arc-
tic. "It wasn't so hot at the time."
He grinned over the pun. "But
looking back, I guess it was al-
* *
"THERE was some guy up there,
an outdoor enthusiast, who took
an interest in the Eskimos. One
day we went on a hunting trip
with them. I guess you have to
like that kind of stuff," he said.
"At that time I was request-
ed by name to work on a top
secret operation and I was clear-
ed then. We spent three months
up there and opened a weather
"It was just like going out In a
snow field and building a weather
station. It didn't feel like military
life. Everyone from the top brass
down worked together to get out
a forecast."
Radulovich, whose wife hails
from Maine and works night at
the telephone company, has two
Opera Appointee
Corky Smith, '56, has been ap-
pointed student road show chair-
man for the Dec. 29 Cleveland
performance of the 1953 Union
Opera, "Up 'N' Atom," general
road show chairman Dick Huff,
'55BAd, said yesterday.
Smith's job will include the ar-
rangement of special events for
alumni publicity in Cleveland.

children, 5 months-old and 5 years-
old-both girls. "I'm Eddie Can-
tor, the second," he said. "The
older kid has no idea of what's
been going on. She'll know in later
life though."
* * *
HE COMMUTES to school daily
from Dexter where he says "The
whole town is solid and is just as
mad as I am about this thing. The
American people," he mused, "are
still the American people and still
not arbitrarily governed. You may
say they're still the -controlling
"Security is a wonderful
thing," he continued, "but the
Germans killed the Jews for se-
curity. Let's not follow the same
Radulovich studied at New York
University when he was in the
service and he "liked to go through
the old bookshops just off 41st,
During the war he found him-
self at Michigan State where he
did some intramural , wrestling.
Basketball, track and boxing also
held his sporting interests in these
early years.
"MAYBE I better whisper that
I took Russian for a year here.
I didn't tell the board that."
"I don't know what's going to

happen with my case. I'm just
letting the lawyers handle it
from now on. They're thinking
of taking it into a federal
court as soon as we get official
word of my dismissal."
A co-ed walked into the restaur-
ant and greeted Radulovich with
"You've become quite a celebrity."
Radulovich smiled, and finished
his cigarette.
He stared for awhile at the busy
figures behind the counter and
then with a "So that's life" walked
out of the restaurant and to his
next class.
Local Chiropractic
Probe Demanded
A second demand for a one-man
grand jury investigation into State
Basic Science Board licensing
practices was filed yesterday be-
fore Circuit Judge James R.
Breakey, Jr. of Washtenaw County.
Sworn statements made in the
first petition substantiated charg-
es of a $600 payoff in Washtenaw
County by a chiropractic college
graduate in return for a set of
basic science examination papers
in advance of the exam last May
in Detroit.


Red Feather
Passes Goal
Ann Arbor's Community Chest
passed its goal yesterday as offi-
cial returns, still not complete,
reached $170,554.
The Chest drive, with a goal 'of
$168,000, officially ended -Oct. 23,
however delayed returns from sev-
eral divisions held up the climax.
General Chairman, Jack H. Sinn
said thatalthough final figures
have not yet been compiled, this
year's campaign had the greatest
number of donors in Ann Arbor
In a message of praise, Sinn
said, "I know you must feel, as I
do, the satisfaction and pride of
accomplishing again a much-need-
ed project for our city."
Books for Ike
Ann Arbor City Coouncil Presi-
dent George W. Sallade will be a
member of a 15-person committee
of the American Booksellers As-
sociation which will present 200
books to President Eisenhower
Tuesday as an addition to the
White House Library.
Read and Use
Daily Classifieds




423 South Fourth Ave.
Walter S. Press, Pastor
William H. Bos, Minister to Students
Irene Applin Boice, Director of Music
10:45 A.M.: Worship Service. "Faithfulness in
our Christian Duties."
7:00 P.M.: Student Guild. Dr. G. E. Mendenhall
will speak on "How We Got Our Bible."
William and State Sts.
Minister-Rev. Leonard A. Parr
10:45 A.M.: Dr. Parr's sermon will be on "Is Your
God Too Small?"
10:45 A.M.: Church School and Nursery.
7:00 P.M.: Student Guild will meet in the May
flower Room. Judy and Jack Brown will speak
on "Inter-Racial Camp Work in Washington,
There will be a coffee hour immediately fol-
lowing the service.
Lane Hall
11 .00 A.M.: Sundays. Visitors welcome.
120 South State Street
Merrill R. Abbey, Erland J. Wangdohl,
Eugene A. Ransom, Ministers
9:30 A.M.: Student seminar. Topic: Jesus
Christ, the Lord of Life.
10:45 A.M.: Worship: "You Belong .To Life,"
Dr. Abbey preaching.
5:30 P.M.: Supper and Fellowship.
6:45 P.M.: Worship and program: Albion Play-
ers will present "And You Never Know," fol-
lowed by discussion.
Welcome to Wesley Foundation Rooms, open daily!
(Sponsored by the Christian Reformed Churches
of Michigan)
Washtenaw at Forest
Rev. Leonard Verduin, Director
Res. Ph. 25-025. Office Ph. 7421
10:00 A.M.: Morning Service.
7:30 P.M.: Evening Service.
(National Lutheran Council).
Hill and Forest Avenue
Dr. H. O. Yoder, Pastor
Sunday-9:00 A.M.: Matins Service.
10:00 A.M.: Bible Study,
11:00 A.M.: Warship Service.
6:00 P.M.: Supper honoring Lutheran Interna-
tional Students.

1833 Washtenaw Ave.
9:30 A.M.: Sunday School.
11:00 A.M.: Sunday Morning Services.
Nov. 8-Adam and Fallen Man.
5:00 P.M.: Sunday Evening Service.
8:00 P.M.: Wednesday: Testimonial Service.
A free reading room is maintained at 339 South
Main Street where the Bible and all authorized
Christian Science literature may be read, bor-
rowed, or purchased.
The Reading Room is open daily except Sundays
and holidays from 11 to 5, Friday evenings from
7 to 9, and Sunday afternoons from 2:30 to
502 East Huron, Phone 7332
Rev. C. H. Loucks, Pastor and Student Coun-
9:45 A.M: Student Class continues its discus-
sion series with "What Students Can Believe
About the Holy Spirit."
11:00 A.M.: Morning Worship in the Church
Sanctuary. Sermon topic: "Independents"-
Rev. Loucks.
6:00 P.M.: Guild Cabinet meeting in the Guild
6:45 P.M.: Roger Williams Guild. Dr. William
Gennee of Flint discusses "How to Get Along
With Your Family."
Y.M.C.A. Auditorium
Sundays: 10:15, 11:00 A.M., 7:30 P.M.
Thursdays: 7:30 P.M., Bible Stuay.
G. Wheeler Utley, Minister
Hear: "The Herald of Truth"
WXYZ-ABC Network
Sundays: 1:00-1:30 P.M.
(The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod)
1511 Washtenaw Avenue
Alf red T. Scheips Pastor
Sunday at 9:30 and at 10:45: Two Worship Op-
portunities, with the pastor preaching on "Con-
tinuing Christians." Holy Communion in both
Sunday at 6:00: Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club, Supper and Program. Fireside Forum at
6:45, conducted by the pastor.
(Disciples of Christ)
Hill and Tappan Streets
Rev. George Barger, Minister
10:45 A.M.: Morning Worship. Sermon: "Nostal-
gia For War."
Nursery for children during service.
9:45 A.M.: Church School.
Meeting at the Congregational Church, 7:00 P.M.
Speakers: Judy and Jack Brown, on their
summer work camp experiences.
William and Thompson Sts.
Masses Daily at 7:00 A.M., 8:00 A.M., 9:00 A.M.
Sunday at 8-9:30 A.M., 11-12.
Novena Devotions, Wednesday Evenings 7:30 P.M.
Newman Club Rooms in Father Richard Center,
1432 Washtenaw Ave.
Henry Kuizenga, Minister
Charles Mitchell, Assistant Minister
William S. Baker, Student Minister
Donna B. Lokker, Program Assistant
9:15 A M.- Breakfast discussion on, "The Sin
of Man."
9:15 and 11:00 A.M.: Morning Worship. Dr.
Kuizenga preaching on, "Exchangeables."
6:45 P.M.: Westminster Guild meeting: A panel
will discuss the topic, "The Christian Attitude
on the Acquisition of Material Goods."




Michigan Christian Fellowship
invites you to hear
Rev. Kenneth Callis
Detroit, Mich.

SUNDAY, 4:00 P.M.




I'm for you!

306 North Division St.
Rev. Henry Lewis, Rector
Dr. Robert H. Whitaker, Chaplain for
Student Foundation
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Davis, Social Director
8:00 A.M.: Holy Communion.
9:00 A.M.: Holy Communion and Commentary
(followed by Student Breakfast, Canterbury
10:15-10:45: Junior High & High School Classes.
11:00-12:15: Church School.
11:00 A.M.: Morning Prayer and Sermon.
12:15 P.M.: After-Service Fellowship.
1:00 P.M.: Development Council Luncheon.
4:30 P.M.: Student Confirmation Class, Canter-
bury House.
6:00-7:30: Youth Group, Recreation Room.
6:00 P.M.: Student Supper Club, Canterbury
7:00 P.M.: Parish Adults Confirmation Class,
8:00 P.M.: Evensong, Holy Baptism and Com-
During the Week: Tuesday and Friday 4:00-6:00
Student Tea, Canterbury House; Wednesday



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