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November 03, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-11-03

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THE, SOUND OFF
AND) AN ANSWER
See Page 4

Y L

Latest Deadline in the State

Daitlv

I
FAIR AND COLDER

VOL. LXIV, No. 37 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1953

SIX PAGES

N. Koreans Return,
Listen to Red Talks
Red Terrorization of Americans
Cited as Reason for GI Return Balk
By The Associated Press
Anti-Communist North Korean prisoners of war pulled a surprise
and walked peacefully into explanation tents yesterday for talks with
Red persuasion teams after the Communists delayed the interviews
for more than two hours with propaganda broadcasts.
The explanations of repatriation rights from Red officers began
at 6:14 p.m. EST to 500 North Korean captives.
THE PRISONERS who had been expected to react violently made
no move to riot at the Red broadcasts but drowned them out by rauc-
tous singing and chanting. j

'Roughing It'

Literary College

Takes

New Plan To Obtain
Evaluation of Faculty
ReotSt

UIN To Study
U.S. Charges
of Atrocities
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.-(iP)-
The UN Steering Committee rec-
ompmended by a vote of 12 to 2
yesterday that the General As-
sembly itself take up for full exam-
ination the American charges of
Communist atrocities in Korea.
The Soviet bloc repeatedly
blasted at the charges as "half-
mad nightmares," an "invention,
a fabrication and gross falsifica-
tion." 4 .
BUT THE American delegate,
Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., urged a
full airing as a way to pay at least
part of the great debt owed the
"tragic memory of the victims of
these atrocities."
The Steering Committee can
only make recommendations, but
the Assembly is expected to
approve this recommendation
quickly.
Lodge put before the Assembly
last week a report by the ..S.
Army of the deaths of tens 'of
tousands of American soldiers and
Korean civilians who allegedly suf-
fered from torture and inhuman
methods employei by Chingse
Co Miunsts aid North Koreans.
He acted swiftly after various
members of Congress called for
quick submission of the atrocity
report to the Assembly.
No date has been set for con-
sideration of the case before the
Assembly.
Boston Harbor
Scene of Blast
BOSTON-(JP)--A violent explo-
sion blasted through the Norweg-
ian freighter Black Falcon yester-
day touching off a fire which trap-
ped a gang of longshoremen in a
hold.
At least seven were killed. Thir-
teen others were taken to hos-
pitals.
IT WAS the fourth ship fire
in Boston Harbor in 17 days.
The other three were the ex-
plosion and fire aboard the Navy
aircraft carrier Leyte Oct. 16,
a $100,000 fire on an experimen-
tal fishing ship owned by the
government Oct. 22, and a boiler
flareback on a Navy radar ship,
the USS William M. Wood, Oct.
26.
Early reports indicated that the
death toll might rise. Firemen
dragged the waterlogged bottom
of the ship, awash with loose car-
go in six feet of water, searching
for more bodies.
Survivors said that the explo-
sion came when a drum of sodium
peroxyde tipped over, spilling some
of its contents into some bauxite
-aluminum ore-stowed in the
bottom of the shop.
Flames shot 200 feet in the air
from the blazing midship hatch.
Adenauer Victory
Insures Maj oriy
BONN, Germany - (/P) - The
Hamburg State election endowed
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer yes-
terday with unchallenged author-
ity to push through his program
of arming West Germany in al-
liance with the free world.
The victory of Adenauer's coali-
tion parties in the Hamburg vot-

ing Sunday gave the Chancellor
two-thirds control of both houses
of Parliament.

No reports of violence came
from the camps where the In-
dians hold 22 Amercans, 1 Brit-
on and 332 South Koreans who
by Communist account are re-
fusing repatriation.
A reliable source said, however
that there was a reign of fear in
the American camp and possibly
19 of the 22 would return to the
United States if they knew the
truth.
THE SOURCE said the Reds
have terrorized the Americans by
telling them they can be executed
as traitors if they go home. Most
of the men are fearful because
they wrote or broadcast pro-Com-
munist articles.
U.S. officers have not yet be-
gun explanations to the Ameri-
cans and have given no hint of
when they will begin. The dead-
line is Dec. 24.
Elsewhere in this neutral zone,
U. S. Envoy Arthur Dean and dele-
gates from Red China and North
Korea were deadlocked over ar-
rangements for the Korean peace
conference.
NEVERTHELESS, the delegates
assigned to work out details for
the conference went ahead with
an eighth session yesterday. They
are deadlocked over the Red in-
sistence in bringing Asian neutrals
to the conference. The UN has
voted to confine the peace talks
to belligerents, with Russia in-
cluded if the Reds ask Ur t e
Soviets.
Prisoner explanations were
canceled Sunday when the Reds
insisted on broadcasting reas-
suring messages to all anti-Red
prisoners.
The Indians told the Reds this
could not be done without provok-
ing violence which the Indians do
not have enough troops to control.
When the Communists refused
to withdraw their demand, the
interviews were canceled.
Late Sunday, however, the In-
dians said the Reds had agreed to
broadcast only to the 500 sched-
uled for interviews yesterday.
State Teachers
Meet In Detroit
A resolution opposing an In-
crease in the number of educa-
tioin credit hours required for hold-
ers of teacher's certificates was
passed by a majority of instruc-
tors at a meeting of the Michigan
Federation of Teachers in Detroit.
Thirty junior and secondary col-
lege teachers from Michigan met
at the MFT fall conference Sat-
urday. University representatives
were Prof. Warren Rice, chair-
man of the English department,
Prof. Benjamin Bart and Prof.
Ernst Pulgram of the Romance
Language department, Prof. John
Arthos and Eric Stockton of the
English department.
Another resolution passed at the
conference will set up a commit-
tee to study the problems and ade-
quacy of present teaching pro-
grams and experimentation in this
field.

-Daily-Chuck Kelsey
ERINA OLSSON '56 AND DENNIS C. BERAN '57 PARTICIPATE IN FRESH AIR CAMP PROJECT
Annual Fresh Air Camp JobaBegun

As one of the many plans of
the Interfraterpity and Pan-Hel-
lenic Councils' program for con-
tributing service to the commun-
ity, about 500 sorority and fra-
ternity pledges are participating
this week in the Fresh Air Camp
project.
Groups of students from all the
43 fraternities and 23 sororities
on campus will go to the camp
from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. on week
days and from 8 a.m. to 12 p.m.
this Saturday.
* *
THIS IS the second year that
pledges will paint and clean up
the cabins and tidy up the grounds
of the Fresh Air Camp which is
sponsored by University and pro-
vides a social haven for over 200
U *
Benson Ass
Agicultural
State Support
HOT SPRINGS, Va. - OP) -
Secretary of Agriculture Benson
said last night the Eisenhower ad-
ministration will ask the states to
assume greater responsibility in
stabilizing and promoting the na-
tion's agricultural prosperity.
With this increased emphasis on
local leadership, Benson said, will
go heavier financial responsibility.
"Although it is always easy to
look to Washington for federal
grants," he said, "I am confident
the states will meet this respon-
sibility . . . A dollar can't make
the round trip to Washington and
back to a state without the bu-
reaucratic bite reducing it."
Benson, whose farm policies
have come in for heavy criticism
recently, did not say in a talk pre-
pared for the Southern Govern-
ors' Conference which responsi-
bilities the states will be urged to
take over.
"The suggestions which we will
make to the Congress early next
year for improvements in the cur-
rent farm programs will recognize
the need for greater state and lo-
cal participation," he said.
Traffic Mishaps
Take Two Lives
Washtenaw county's traffic fa-
tality record added two more
names to bring the 1953 total to
45.

under-privileged children during
the summer.
IFC and Pan-Hellenic Council
plan to put 3,000 man-hours in-
to the program, making it their
biggest community service un-
dertaking of the year.
The project is aided by the Uni-
versity which is contributing facil-
ities and transportation for taking
the students out to the camp, lo-
cated on Patterson Lake.
City council
Views Milk
Ordinance
aIa
Following numerous letters of
Protest from University sororities,
fraternities and cooperative hous-
ing units, a city milk ordinance
making legal the storage of 3 gal-
lon milk containers was proposed
at the city council meeting yes-
terday.
The ordinance submitted, which
would amend another ordinance
passed by the council in August
was moved to a second reading. at
the next council meeting.
Now in effect is an ordinance re-
quiring all milk in transit and in
storage to be kept in not less than
5 gallon containers.
Complaints leading to the new
proposal were registered by hous-
ing groups on the grounds that five
gallon containers were too large
for refrigeration units. Under the
regulation they were required to
transfer milk from the larger con-
tainers to smaller ones. Dr. Otto
Engelke, city health officer veri-
fied the fact that this procedure
was "unsanitary," following which
the* new proposal was made.
Ill.-Mich. Ticket
Deadline Today
Today is the last day that stu-
dents may pay for their tickets to
the Illinois-Michigan game this
weekend Wolverine Club officials
announced.
On Thursday, tickets for the trip
on the "Illini-Liner" may be pick-
ed up. Both payments may be
made and tickets may be picked
up from 10 a.m. to noon from 1
to 4 p.m. at window 7 in the Ad-
ministration Bldg.

Planning the clean-up of the
Fresh Air Camp was done by te
Junior Pan-Hellenic Council's
president, Debra Townsend, '56
and Carole Oliver while its admin-
istration is being headed by the
Junior Interfraternity Council's
president, Bob Knutson, '56, and
vice-president, George Richard-
son, '56.
Helping to supervise the pro-
jects are the other officers of the
Junior Interfraternity Council and
pledge trainers from the various
fraternity and sorority houses.
At the end of the week a plaque
will be awarded by the Junior In-
terfraternity Council to the pledge
class recognized as having con-
tributed most to the success of
the Fresh Air Camp Project.
Local Vandals
Wareak .Havoc
The Homecoming - Halloween
week-end was, an active one for
local vandals a check of the Ann
Arbor Police Department's com-
plaint files revealed yesterday.
Looting, destruction of prop-
erty and Homecoming displays,
and mischief kept the police active
over the week-end.
A UNIVERSITY janitor report-
ed Saturday 10 youngsters were
attempting to haul hoses and fire
extinguishers from Angell Hall.
The police got to the scene but
the group had disappeared.
On the same day the chain
of the island barracade at E.
and S. University was stolen by
a person riding a bicycle. The
complaint directs the officers to
check local Homecoming dis-
plays for the missing chain.
On Halloween evening the win-
dows of local shops were marked
with soap and candle wax. Yes-
terday the local merchants were
busy wiping out the defacements.
w *
POLICE also received complaints
on Halloween that groups of high
school students were throwing
pumpkins in the streets and at
buildings.
Sunday night witnessed the
fall of Homecoming displays
when groups roamed the streets
of Ann Arbor and destroyed the
unguarded displays. Few dis-
plays remained intact at the end
of the evening.
Unidentified vandals also knock-
ed down fences, let air out of auto-
mobile tires, hurled garbage at a
screened window and broke down
the front door of a local resi-
dent.
A brawl occurred in a tavern
downtown over a wager and an
aerial disappeared from a car.
Billfolds disappeared along with a
pair of highly valued binoculars.
Although it apparently was a
busy weekend for the police one
officer remarked yesterday the
week-end had been more quiet
than expected.
Engineers Okay
State Turnpike
A turnpike from Detroit to New
Buffalo on the way to Chicago

Spain Bases
Will Store
Atom Bomb
MADRID, Spain-OP)-The U.S.
Air Force's top civilian and mili-
tary heads disclosed plans yes-
terday for strengthening America's
strategic striking force by storing
atomic bombs at the newly ac-
quired bases in Spain.
U. S. Air Force Secretary Har-
old E. Talbott told a news con-'
ference here the Air Force even-
tually will have supplies of atomic
bombs at the Spanish base for
use against "a common enemy."
*' * *
TALBOTT and Gen. Nathan
Twining, air Force chief of staff,
are in Spain studying sites for
five bases in this country author-
ized by military and economic
agreements recently concluded by
Washington and Madrid.
Talbott said he expects con-
tracts for the bases to be let
within four to six months and
that some of the bases may be
operational within a year. He
added that a group of four big
American contractors will handle
the whole project, subletting to
the Spanish aeronautical indus-
try to provide maintenance for
U.S. planes stationed in Spain.
The project is expected to be one
of improving and enlarging exist-
ing bases rather than of building
new ones.
* * *
TWINING defined the main
function of the Spanish bases as
a "rounding out of the strategic
striking force." He added:
"We need more bases, and this
is a good place to have them. We
need both strategic bases and
tactical bases for fighters to pro-
tect them and Spain. It would
be a great step toward stopping
our Communist enemies."
The Air Force secretary made it
clear there is no question of the
United States' adopting a "peri-
pheral policy" of "containing" the
Russians with air bases in Britain,
the Spanish Peninsula, Italy and
Turkey.
"Our first line of defense lies in
Germany-but definitely," he said.
'U' Atomic Energy
Confab Set for '54
An international symposium to
discuss the peacetime uses of
atomic energy will be held insAnn
Arbor in June.
Sponsored by the American In-
stitute of Chemical Engineers, the
conference will feature a demon-
stration of atomic energy devel-
opments, and the reading of pa-
pers by many foreign scientists as
well as those from the United
States' Atomic Energy Commis-
sion.
The chemical engineering de-
partment will conduct the pro-
gramming for the conference.
I r-.w.7.'V U -T

'Victor'
"Victor" the prize-winning
name selected by the Wolver-
ine Club to be football team
mascot was submitted by Har-
ry C. Panagos, '57Ed.
Panagos submitted this name
because "the wolverine is 'liv-
ing hell wrapped in fur' to all
that dare cut across his tracks.
Whenever he does battle he
usually comes out on top. It's
only fitting that the Michigan
wolverine should be called Vic-
tor, a winner in contest or com-
bat."
As prize, Panagos will receive
a free trip to the Michigan-
Illinois game Saturday.
Detroit Trial
Witness Set
To Testify
'Today the first witness will tes-
tify in the Federal Court trial of
six Michigan Communists in De-
troit.'
United States Attorney Fred W.
Kaess declined to identify the
opening witness.
* * *
YESTERDAY'S opening day of
the trial was devoted to state-
ments by the prosecution and de-
fense.
Kaess traced the organization'
of the Communist party. He out-
lined what he said were party
backgrounds of the defendants
who are all accused of conspir-
acy to teach or overthrow the
government.
Ernest Goodman, attorney for
one of the Communists on trial,
said that the prosecuion must
prove that those on trial were
attempting to actively overthrow
the government.
He said that it could be shown
by the life of the defendants that
they could not and would not have
advocated the overthrow of the
government by force and violence.
* * *
HE WENT ON to say that the
fact that the Communists were
going underground in this coun-
try was recognized and that it is
agreed that the Communist party
here is friendly with the party in
Russia.
The movement to the under-
ground is to "avoid harassment
and persecution by the FBI and
other agencies of the govern-
ment."
According to the Detroit Free
Press Goodman also said that the
prosecution must depend on "po-
litical rather than criminal evi-
dence." He told the jury of seven
women and five men that govern-
ment evidence is usually not dis-
puted by defendants. He also said
that the prosecution would intro-
duce much printed matter, add-
ing that the witnesses will be in-
formants or spies.
- 1-

Up Comment
Type Rating
Results Will Not
Alter Promotions
By GENE HARTWIG
A new plan for obtaining "stu
dent opinion on courses and teach-
ing" in the literary college was
,adopted at yesterday's meeting
of the college faculty.
Contained in a report by the
committee appointed ,a year ago
to review the experience with "stu-
dent evaluation of the faculty" the
proposal consists of two main
points:
1) "The literary college shall
conduct annually, through the
departments, a student-opinion
questionnaire on courses and
teaching. The questionnaire shall
in part be uniform throughout the
college and in part reflect the
special situations- and purposes of
departments and individual teach-
ers.
* * *
"THE COLLEGE part of the
questionnaire shall consist of
broad questions that call only for
comments and verbal characteriza-
tions, with no number or letter rat-
ings; the departmental part' of
more detailed qestions, prefer-
ably without the use of number or
letter ratings.
"The main object of the plan
shall be to improve instruction
and any administrative use of
the results, especially in matters
of salary increase and promo-
tion, shall take place at the de-
partment level, and then only
on the basis of departmental de
cision, after full discussion with-
in the department.
"The form of the questionnaire
and the procedure in handling it
shall aim especially at eliciting
deliberate, considered student re-
sponse, in the interest of guiding
students toward standards of real
educational significance as well
as of making the results as mean-
ingful as possible.
2 "The college shall establish a
standing committee to work out
details of the college part of the
questionnaire and of related pro-
cedures in accordance with the
principles stated above." This
group will consist of five mem-
bers appointed by the executive
committee of the college.
* * *
PROF. SHOREY Peterson of the
economics department, who head-
ed the committee, described the
new program as "placing the em-
phasis on the educational, process
and the benefits that may result
for both students, in examining
the criteria by which courses and
teaching are judged, and faculty,
from a systematic solicitation of
student opinion."
"The new plan is not intend-
ed to be a student evaluation of
faculty as under the old system
of numerical ratings but rather
a help to instructors in improv-
ing their own teaching," Prof.
Peterson emphasized.
Under the old faculty evalua-
tion plan adopted in 1948 on a
five year trial basis, a system of
broad appraisals by departmental
committees and student ratings,
used by the committees as one
among a variety of elements in the
evaluation of teaching, was pro-
vided.

According to the report the prac-
tice of assessing faculty services
by departmental committees ap-
peared unworkable and that part
See NEW, Page 6
Vulcan, Calls,

STUDENT ELECTION ISSUES:
SL To Face SAC Makeup Problem

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
HOT SPRINGS, Va. - {A') - The governors of Florida, Georgia,
Tennessee and Kentucky discussed yesterday a proposed Florida-to-
Great Lakes express highway.
Gov. Herman E. Talmadge of Georgia said the group hopes to
work out traffic patterns and highway improvements for a con-
tinuous road from Miami to Chicago. He said the plan is to let each
state develope its share of the highway but to make it a continuous
expressway.

By DOROTHY MYERS
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is first in a
series of articies on election issues
involved in coming Student Legisla-
ture elections.)
One of the major issues which'
will face Student Legislature in the
period immediately following next
week's all-campus elections is the
question of Student Affairs Com-
mittee membership.
At present SAC members are

dent, Daily managing editor,
League president, chairman of
Women's Judiciary, two mem-
bers of SL, one of whom must
be the president and one a wom-
an and the chairman of Joint
Judiciary (except when this
officer is a woman, the vice-
chairman serves.)
Many students not on the Legis-
lature, as well as many SL mem-
bers, have expressed belief that

members or all student members
to SAC, while 12 answered in the
negative.
Many of those answering af-
firmatively qualified their re-
plies by saying that although
they believed SL should appoint
all student members, it should
not appoint only SL members
to SAC.
But the whole consideration of
SAC membership is really an im-

* * *
NEW YORK - The governing
body of the Presbyterian Church
in the U.S.A. declared yesterday
that "a subtle but potent as-
sault upon basic human rights
is now in progress" in America.
Moreover, the church charged,
"loyalty to truth" is being sac-
rificed for propaganda purposes.
* * *

* * *
PEARL HARBOR - Adm.
Robert M. Carney, chief of na-
val operations, said yesterday
Navy carriers are capable of de-
livering an atomic bomb but
avoided answering whether car-
riers could strike an enemy with
a hydrogen bomb.
*' * *

I

SAIGON, 'Indochina - Maurice Dejean, French commissioner

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