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October 09, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-10-09

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TREAT
OJR A TREATMENT~
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

D43adti

COOL. CLOUDY

VOL. LXIV, No. 16 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1953

SIX PAGES

I

Mitchell Named
LaborSecretary t
Former Defense Department Aide
Hailed by CIO's Walter Reuther
WASHINGTON-(A)-President Eisenhower yesterday picked a!
Republican businessman, 52-year-old James P. Mitchell, as his new
Secretary of Labor.
The former New York City department store executive will take
his oath of office today in Eisenhower's office and then attend his
first Cabinet meeting.

SL Seats
Petitions for the 23 elective
Student Legislature positions
which will be voted on during
November campus elections are
available from 1 to 5 p.m. Mon-
day through Saturday at the
SL Bldg.
Deadline for returning com-
pleted petitions is set for noon
on Saturday, Oct. 17. Twenty-
one of the seats available are
for full-year terms, two for
one-semester positions.
The campus - wide general
elections to fill these posts have
been scheduled for Wednesday
and Thursday, Nov. 11 and 12.

Eisenhower
Tells of Red
'Capabilities
Asks Cautio in
Of Officials
W ASHINGTON-(RP)-President
Eisenhower said yesterday Soviet
Russia now has "the capability
of atomic attack on us" and com-
mands " a weapon or the fore
runner of a weapon of power far
in excess of the conventional
types."
The President made the state-
ment at his news conference in an
effort to clarify seemingly con-
flicting statements by various of-

Allied

Troops

Leave

Trieste'

Amid

Riots

I

U

EISENHOWER told his news conference that Mitchell is a man R ec T
of extraordinary ability and great character with long experience in:

labor relations problems.
Mitchell's selection was greeted with varying national com-
ment. Some Democrats and union leaders expressed disappoint-

Condemned

POW Talks'
Delay Seen
EndingSoon
PANMUNJOM - (A) - The U
Command said this morning
M building speed-up may make
possible to start "explanations"
balky prisoners-of-war Monday.
Brig. Gen. A. L. Hamblen, A
fairs, wrote the Neutral Natio
Repatriations Commission th
Allies, with the help of Ind
guard troops, can cut down tir
requirec for building a tempora
shelter in which Communists wi
give their "explanations" to 2:
500 Chinese and North Korea
POW's refusing to go home.
THE COMMISSION yesterd
indirectly accused the UN Con
mand of stalling Red explanati
efforts. It asked the commandt
build an explanation center wit
in four days or let the Communis
do it. Hamblenturned down th
proposal, and also an offer of Cora
munist help.

ment that a man from union viet atom bomb and hydrogen
ranks was not chosen. But the BO g ter bomb developments.
appointment was generally hail- y >
ed as a good one, even by CIO EISENHOWER also announced
President, Walter Reuther. By BECKY CONRAD that he has asked all members of
Prof. William Haber of the Eco- "Entire nations are being brain- his administration "to refrainj
nomics department last night con- washed: that is practical Com- from comment on Soviet nuclear,
curred with enthusiastic responses munism today," former Hungarian capabilities unless they first check
being given Mitchell from all over political prisoner Robert Vogeler their statements with the chair-
the country. "Mitchell is a dis- declared yesterday. man of the Atomic Energy Com-
tinguished management expert," Addressing the Michigan Edu- mission."
Haber said, "with a wide know- cation Association conference, Vog
1Thp Pr id tA' 0 t t

Yugoslavs Smash Windows
O f Occupationi Embassies
Withdrawal Intended to Spur Settlement;
Tito Refuses To Accept Western Decision
By The Associated Press
Mobs of Yugoslavs hurled rocks at windows of United States,
British and Italian embassies last night in angry protest against the
decision to turn over the city of Trieste to Italian administration.
The joint American-British announcement that withdrawal of
Allied occupation troops from Trieste was made in the hope that
it will spur Italy and Yugoslavia to settle their dispute over the
Adriatic territory.
* * * *
ANGRY DEMONSTRATIONS and threats of riots of a more ser-
ious nature by both Yugoslavs and Italians greeted the announcement.
The Anglo-American decision,
announced jointly in London
and Washington pleased neith-
er Belgrade nor Rome.
Yugoslav reaction to theaclear.F r T r e t
"The Yugoslav government," TitoT i
said, "is not ready to agree withI. S
this decision and will take allE perts S ay
measures at its disposal under the -1
United Nations charter." By FRAN SHELDON
The current deadlock over
IN ROME, the government of Trieste is "almost insoluble" in
Premier Giuseppe Pella was plung- the opinion of local political ex-
ed into crisis but refused official perts,
comment in spite of angry Ital- Although the men were in
ian demonstrations. agreement over -the hopelessness
Under the plan, Italy will be of a permanent solution to the
left in charge of United States problem, opinion differed over the
and British occupied Zone A, political importance, of the newest
where. 6,000 Allied troops are developments-turning the city of
swhere. T0 naTrieste over to Italian occupation.
stationed. The zone also contains *tegetpr fTise

K
r
e
r
'r
r

IT

1"ledge0fAmericanmanpower prob-
a lems. He has proven himself a
to competent and successful adminis-
totrator in. private business and in
government."
- "The most significant thing!
ns about the appointment," Haber
in continued, "is that for the first
atr time since the establishment of
ha the Department of Labor in 1913,
ne the secretary has been chosen
ry from the management field. This
'ill marks a symbolic shift in leader- ,
2,- ship."
an * * *
MITCHELL, an assistant secre-
tary of the Army with a decade of
ay experience in government jobs, de-
M- clined for the present to expressI
on any opinions on the hot Taft-
to Hartley law controversy. He told
h- reporters he intends to do "the
ts best possible job for the people of
at the United States."
' Mitchell will succeed Martinj

eler warned "That's what they
have in mind for you educators be-I
cause in your hands lie the human!
asset of the nation."
THE POLITICAL prisoner, held;
for 17 months behind the Iron'
Curtain for alleged spying, point-
ed out that 600 million people have
been enslaved since 1945-"600
million who were reasonably free
at the time the Communists took;
over their countries in the pro-
cess of throwing off the bonds of
World War II fascism."
Spending four years in south-
east Europe from 1945 to 1949,
the American Telegraph and
Telephone Company official ob-
served Communistic methods of
overunning countries "because
they were devoid of ready ma-
terial and spiritual resources."
As Russian troops during the

ne esmen s s ia emen --
both as to Soviet H-bomb pro-
gress and silencing official ton-
gues -- drew mixed comment
from members of Congress.
House Speaker Joseph W. Mar-
tin Jr. (R-Mass.) said Congress
"must not be stampeded into.
spending vast sums" for national
defense in the light of the new:
analysis of Soviet weapons.
ASKED WHETHER Eisenhow-1
er's statement might change thej
tax picture when Congress re-
turns in January, Martin told
newsmen:
"Security, of course, comes
first. But for anything I know,
we can have security and still
fulfill our promise for expiration
of the excess profits tax and
reduction of the individual in-
come tax pxt January."

i
t
i

IOWA 'HIGHLANDERS' - Plaid-kilted "Scottish Highlanders,"
the University of Iowa's all-girl band, will share half-time honors
tomorrow with the Michigan Marching Band when Iowa's foot-
ball team meets the Maize and Blue. The group includes a size-
able bag-pipe section as well as more traditional instruments.
* ** *

Music, Heroes To Spark
Tonight's Football Rally
Amid blazing torches and the noise and confusion of gathering
students Michigan's Marching Band will make a melodic appearance
at 7:30 p.m. today in front of the Union to touch off the "Beat Iowa"
pep rally.
The band, along with cheerleaders and aided by the rhythm of
the Fiji Marching Band, will lead cheering students down State

i
1

the great part of Trieste,
PROF. MARSHALL Knappen of
Yugoslavia will continue to oc- the political science department
cupy Zone B. Yugoslavia and Italy felt that the situation was "not as
both protested that they should! red-hot as it had been before the
have been awarded contr'ol of the! Tito split with the Russians."

',1

"Your offer of assistance from P. Duk e r an r war marched through their future At his news conference, Eisen- Street to Ferry Field.
SofhPh satellites, they le ain hower read swiftly from a pe- Local weather forecasts were for cool, cloudy weather. However,
sidered," Hamblen wrote Indian charge that the White House among the peoples whose main pared statement, reviewing the rally leaders are hoping for a large crowd of students.
L.GnK.SThmyachi-obwas to stir up discontent. *
Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya, chair- reneged on an, agreement to j s sd cted".,facts of Soviet, progress in ther- -* * *
reparia-When the Reds were "elected
man of the five-nation repatria- recommend to Congress a series wer e monuclear armament, and de- STREAMING into Ferry
to powr iS HngarytheyBogandthe crowd will be greeted by the
tion commission. "The proposal of amendments to the Taft- clared: e1 o * o ddby
cannot be accepted." Hartley law, many of them fa- to establish a stronghold on the "We, therefore, conclude that emcee of the evening, Don Chown,
voTab e tounions. officialf songeoleadersuofrthe
But Hamblen did agree to put vorable to unions. mhinds of the-people by suppress- the Soviets now have the capabili-- U'vsit Alunia s oiation.
construction work on the tempoiE-e groups, labor unions and business tm tks d I UAm A i
ary shelter on a 24-hour basis and ever known gly broken his word to rewriting textbooks for school- such capability will increase witht Chown, who was manager
accepted "your kind offer of as- anyone. He has promised to send children, he noted. the passage of time." X"JN w V eeand arranger of the Michigan
sistance from troops of the In- Congress suggestions in January * * * Marching Band while at the
dian Custodial Force" which for correcting "a number of de- IN TWO SHORT years the AS FOR this country's strength, The Senior Board last night University, is at present a script'
guards the POW's in the neutral fects in the law, a statute the Eisenhower gave assurance that"mnr
Communists overran 16 countries, teasnlo mrcnaoi stongly recommended early and writer, announcer and producer
gurd President says is essentially sound. the arsenal of American atomic fo-rd tat WJR in D
On this basis, e said the build- Besides announcing Mitchell's 55 million people were interned in serious consideration by Pres.
Onpthintments, Eisenhowere accept-!concentration camps and thous- 'weapons is large and increasing ;seriousH.contidero eetio" b P re~ or aiosaio i e
ing should be completedSundayappoitment, Eisenhower accept Harlan H. Hatcher of the estab-
i sk be t ed' ed the resignation of Lloyd A. ands more were shipped off to the lishment of the position of a Uni- Featur.ed speakers of the eve-
art h t de prisoners could Mashburn, who served as labor Soviet Union, he explained. Eisenhower's statement on So- versity Vice President of Student ning will be Leo Koceski, '51, half-
under secretary during Durkin's "They always pick the night viet H-bomb progress came aft- Affairs. back in the last Michigan team to
The Reds already have complet- backDinothetlastsMichigancteamet
ed the center for Allied interviews term. Mashburn said he wanted for these arrests," the former er Democratic senators charged Introduced by Mike Scherer. '54, attend the Rose Bowl game, and
with Allied POW's who have thus to leave the government to be- prisoner pointed out, "because that administration spokesmen literary college senior class presi- three-year-letter'man, Merritt
far declined repatriation, come assistant general president they don't like to arouse the were spreading confusion by con- dent, the recommendation was (Tim) Green, '53, Captain of last
far declined. repatriation. delP11Q n-u h~ ~h n ttercmmnainws Tm.ren.5,Cpai fls

i
f

,'
£_
:
_5

'

terr'itory.

* * *

INSOFAR AS the civil status of
the city itself is concerned, the
Anglo-American decision merely
serves to formalize what has been
a de facto situation since 1948.
Trieste has been governed, and its
economy oriented, almost as
though it were a part of Italy.
It's police force, organized like a
light army, is manned almost en-
tirely by Italians.
Despite a considerable Slovene
population, there has never been
any question about the Italian
nature of Trieste. There is a dif-
ficult-to-solve ethnic question in
Zone B, occupied by Yugoslavia.
Some of the small cities there
are likewise predominantly Ital-

Thimayya told the UN Cor
mand yesterday its estimate of
week to complete the tempora
explanation shelter, for the Re
was too long.
SL Adds Five
To 'U' Board
Student Legislature's cabin
yesterday appointed five studer
to be voting members on the n
University committee set up
study the revised final examin
tion schedule.
Appointments include Rut
Rossner, '55, chairman of SI
Culture and Education committe
Sue Popkin, '54, member of tl
Board in Control of Student Pul
lications and John Black, '5
chairman of the Senior Board.
Howard Nemorowski, '54E, pres
dent of the senior class in the ei
gineering college and Eric Vette
'54, Daily city editor, were alp
appointed to the committee.
Kendall Praises
Ike Administratio
"The Reuublicans can take pri<
in the Eisenhower administrati(
thus far,' David Kendall, Mich
gan Republican national commie
teeman, told a meeting of camps
Young Republicans yesterday.
Analyzing the Eisenhower vi(

of the AFL Lathers Union. populace."
This leaves the Labor De- Vogeler himself was arrested in
partment virtually stripped of November, 1949 at night on his
union men in top jobs. The sole j way from Budapest to Vienna to
exception is Assistant Secretary visit his wife. Later the American
Harrison Hobart. businessman was sentenced to 15
There was no immediate com- years in solitary confinement.
ment on Mitchell's appointment At 5 a.m. April 28, 1951, after
from AFL President George almost a year and a half of im-
Meany. But Al Hayes, an AFL prisonment, Vogeler was suddenly
vice president and head of the told of his impending release.
AFL Machinists Union, called the Within an hour, he was out from
selection "incredible." under the thumb of his Commu-
"Now even the Department of nist captors and- by the first of
Labor has been turned over to May he was back in the United
business," Hayes added. States.
DUTCH PROFESSOR LECTURES:

ger and imminence of Russian
assault with new weapons of
mass destruction.
Mobilization Director Arthur S.
Flemming said Sunday Ru'ssia is
"capable of delivering the most
destructive weapon ever devised by
man on chosen targets." Civil De-
fense Director Val Peterson also
issued a strong warning in simi-
lar terms, but Secretary of De-
fense Wilson voiced doubt Tues-
day that Russia could launch full-
fledged atomic warfare in less than
three years.

maed in the interest-of the en-
tire undergraduate student body,"
and passed unanimously by the
board, It will be furthered to Pres.
Hatcher in the form of a letter.
SUPPORTERS of the motion
declared that the creation of such
an office would create a closer
link between the student body and
the University administration. It
was pointed out that a vice presi-
dent would sit in on meetings of
the Board of Regents and thereby
establish a more definite liaison
between Regents and students.
Board President John Black,
'54Ed., also told the group that
this year's senior class has re-
ceived "a better deal on foot-
ball seating than last year's
seniors did."
"The 'Block M' section," Black
added, "is smaller and farther1
from the 50-yard-line than it was:
last year.
Local Program j
To Feature Editor

year's football-team, Lewis Elbel, j ian.{
!author of "The Victors." ...
The Anglo-American decision is
Prof. William D. Revelli, Direc- a considerable sacrifice of military,
tor of the Marching Band, and position both in the Mediterranean
bandsmen will be on hand, along and with relation to Austria and
with the emcee and cheerleaders, the Balkans. For years the occupa-
in adding to the partisan rooting. tion troops and the constant pres-
The Wolverine Club will support ence of American warships at the
pre-game festivities by the sale head of the Adriatic have served
of maize and blue "Go Michigan" as a potent reminder of Allied in-
buttons and balloons from 8 a.m. terest in the whole area, and as
to noon and from 1 to 4 p.m. to- a potential base for military op-
day and from 8 a.m. to noon to- erations in southeastern Europe
morrow, should the need arise.
world News Roundup

He said he could see propa-
ganda and political reason for
the sudden intensification of
settlement efforts on the part of
the United States, but could see
no military one, since '"Tito's
falling-out with the Russians"
had made the problem nothing
more than a "family quarrel on
our own' side of the fence."
The political scientist felt that
in this situation "what the United
States really wants is for Italy and
Yugoslavia to settle the problem
for themselves and quit bother-
ing us."
Prof. Knappen Balled the latest
British and United States move to
pull Allied troops out of the area
for this reason a "smart move on
our part" and pointed out that it
was only recently the Italian
Communists voted support for
Italian control of the area.
This "change in party line"
Prof. Knappen felt, had the effect
of forcing our hand.
PROF. FRED WARNER Neal of
the political science department
questioned the probability that
the move was a "step toward
permanent solution of the Trieste
problem."
He noted that it "in a sense
gets us out of the struggle, be-
cause at least formally we are
no longer connbcted with it,"
but was quick to insist that we
are still actually closely asso-
ciated with the whole problem.
The professor said, however
that now the two countries, Italy
and Yugoslavia, will be able to
come together on equal footing.
He also maintained that "the
United States was burned' when
she played Italian politics with
Trieste in 1948," and hoped that
-she "wouldn't get burned again."
"If the United States is inter-
ested in winning friends and in-
fluencing people for a defense
against the Soviet Union," he said,
"I should think she would rather
have the friendship of Yugoslavia
than of Italy."
Topics Discussed
For LSAMeeting
At a meeting of the literary
college steering committee held
yesterday several likely subjects

Economist Tells of Free Trade Policy

By GENE HARTWIG
B EGwar was based on the f
Analyzing four problems in the theory, the Dutche
economic integration of Western pointed out. "Today t
Europe, Prof. Jan Tinbergen of tween western Europe
the Netherlands School of Eco- tries has been liberalize
nomics pointed to the need for a , 90 per cent of what it
"more positive program creating fore the war."
conditions that will make free
trade work" in a lecture yester- Prof. Tinbergen desc
day in the Rackham Amphithea- ;problems of the Benelu
ter. and the European Coal
Prof. Tinbergen, director of the Community as two ex
central nlanning bureau of the economic integration at

free trade
economist
trade be-
an coun-
ed almost
was be-
ribed the

quire time, perhaps five to ten
years," Prof. Tinbergen said.
A second problem cited by Prof.
Tinbergen is the difficulty of
northwestern European states re-
conciling their traditional concern
for full employment with the idea
of free trade.

By The Associated Press
LONDON-Five Cranberra jet bombers and
airliners streaked off for New Zealand yesterday
est international air race-12,000 miles.
Pilots were warned to steer clear of Britain's
site in Central Australia.r
* * * *

three fast passengerI
on the world's long-
atomic bomb testing
* *

t

Netherlands government and one'
of Europe's foremost economists,
described present policies operat-
ing on European economic inte-
gration as largely negative in
their approach. .
S * *

In the Benelux syst
are no tariff walls bet
countries, with one exce
only one on outside tr
CHIEF PROBLEM in

ix nations ; THESE northern states, such as "Dateline Ann Arbor," a local
and Steel Great Britain, the Benelux na- news program presented jointly
amples of tions and the Scandinavian bloc, by the speech department, the
work. feel that by opening their markets University television office and
em there to free trade the traditions of full WPAG-TV, will feature Art Gal-
tween the employment might have to be ad- lagher, News Editor for the Ann
ption, and justed, Tinbergen said. Arbor News and lecturer for the
ade. "Generally there has been a journalism department, in a dis-
hesitation to give up national cussion at 6:45 p.m. today concern-
sovereignty to a super-nation- ing National Newspaper Week.
the Bene- al authority," Prof. Tinbergen Also slated for this evening's

i
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WASHINGTON - Federal
Judge David A. Pine today de-
nied a writ of habeas corpusde-
signed to prevent the trial of
Joseph Rubenstein of Detroit by
a court martial in Japan.
Rubenstein was manager of a
club for civilian employees of the
Air Force in Tokyo. He resigned
in March, 1952 and on July 3 of
this year was arrested in Korea
on charges of black m'arketing
whisky.

KANSAS CITY-The FBI fil-
ed a fugitive warrant here late
last night for the arrest of
Thomas Marsh in the Bobby
Greenlease kidnap-murder but
said it had held up any nation-
wide hunt for him.
In Washington, the official
explanation was that Marsh has
been charged with murder of
the 6-year-old boy, but the FBI
is not satisfied with the story
of Carl Austin Hall., who con-
fessed he planned the kidnap-
ing.

4-

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