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January 15, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-01-15

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UNESCO
See Page 4

Lw uugan
Latest Deadline in the State

Daiti

MILD AND LIGHT RAIN

VOL. LXIII, No. 81 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 15, 1953

EIGHT PAGES

Nation's Foreign
Policy Debated
Douglas, Judd, Match Words at Hill;
Agree Europe, Asia Both Essential
By JON SOBELOFF
Sen. Paul Douglas and Rep. Walter Judd tangled in an exciting
foreign policy debate before an appreciative Hill Auditorium crowd
last night.
Speaking first, the big, silver-haired Illinois Senator told the au-
dience that we must defend both Europe and Asia from the Commu-
nists, and that bombing Manchuria or China would set off a wave of

* * *
Sen. Douglas
Gives Views
On Congress
By DOROTHY MYERS
At a meeting of local Democrats
last, night, Sen. Paul A. Douglas
i expressed hope that his party
would maintain liberal leadershi
in spite of a possible coalition be
tween Dixiecrats and conserva
tive Republicans in Congress.
Speaking on a variety of sub
jects, the Illinois Senator said tha
Communists should not te allowed
to teach because they do not have
free minds. He refused to com
ment, however, on what action t
expect from the House sub-com
mittee which will investigate Re
influences in colleges and univer-
sities.
*-*
SWITCHING to the subject o
Sen. Wayne Morse, Sen. Douglas
said he felt that the maverick Re
publican from Oregon has bee
badly treated. "I have even con
sidered giving my post on the Sen
ate labor committee to Sen
Morse," Sen. Douglas declared.
On the question of paring
do the new budget, Sen.
Douglas replied that "five bil-
lion dollars can safely be re-
moved from the budget, "most
of the money coming from mili-
tary and foreign aid appropria-
tions. To cut more than this,
he said, "would endanger the
national safety."
"During the next four years,'
he said, "big business will be in
complete and open control of gov
ernment."
In spite of this, Democrats
should not oppose the Republi
cans for "opposition's sake" h
continued.
U.S. Scores Big
Air Kill in Korea
SEOUL, Thursday, Jan. 15-(R)
-U. S. Sabre pilots scored their
biggest air victory in four months
yesterday reporting they knocked
down eight Communist MIGs and
shot up possibly 11 more ove
northwest Korea.
The Fifth Air Force said tha
in addition to the eight MIGs
destroyed, one probably was de-
stroyed and three damaged. One
probable destruction and six dam-
age claims are pending confirma-
tion.
FAME AND FORTUNE
Opera Open
rFor_1953 S
Students will have a chance fo
fame and possibly fortune as the
Union Opera opened its 1953
scenario contest today.
The annual competition, which
has enabled many aspiring writ-
' ers to gain experience in show bus-
iness, is limited to all scholastical-
ly eligible male students.
Scenarios should include a com-
Legislature's
Session Opens

LANSING-()-The 67th Mich-
igan Legislature rolled into action
like a startled whippet yesterday
unmindful that it nrnhahly has six

racial opposition that could sweep
Asia and bring Russia into the
war.
WITH SOMETHING of the air
of a restrained but good humored
college professor, Sen. Douglas ex-
plained that Russia and the west-
ern democracies now each control
about one-third of the world.
He recommended an "Asian
NATO" to keep the other third
s --the Arab nations, the Malayan
s peninsula and India strong and
y on the side of democracy.
P Sometimes shouting, and using
- the dramatic gestures of a skilled
speaker, Rep. Judd said it took" a
- genious for very, very bad diplo-
t macy to lose the advantages the
d United States had at the end of
e World War II"
-* * *
o REP. JUDD agreed that both
- Europe and Asia are vital, and
d blamed our lack of action in Asa
- until Korea and our concessions
to the Russians in Europe on the
Democrats.
f Graphically demonstrating
- with upraised bands, the former
n medical missionary compared
- China's central strategic posi-
tion to that of his palm, while
. the rest of the Far East was like
"twelve fingers."
We couldn't save Asia without
China," he said, "But we scuttled
China." "The Chinese Nationalist
government was inept, incompet-
ent, inefficient and corrupt."
That's just why we should have
helped them, he added.
Emphasizing that we are in a
"fight to the finish" with Russia,
Rep. Judd felt we should let
Chiang's troops on Formosa be a
"department of dirty tricks" to
n carfy out guerrilla warfare on the
- Chinese mainland, without bomb-
ing or actual war.
s .
REBUTTING the charge of
e Democratic softness after the war,
Sen. Douglas said the American
people, especially in Republican
districts, "wanted the boys back
home," and were in no mood for
another war to push Russia out
of Europe,
Douglas suggested that if we
s can stall Russia, Stalin's death
S might cause "internal convul-
sions" in Russia; The Illinois
Democrat also felt our only hope
of peace lies in "armed firm-
ness." But freedom is even more
important than peace, he added.
- Sen. Douglas drew applause
e when he said that President Tru-
- man's action in stopping Red ag-
gression in Korea was the most
courageous act of any President.
is Competition
,bow Scenario
plete story of the proposed plot,
with explanations of its theater
adaption and a couple of pages of
sample dialogue, Herb Harrington,
1 '53, Opera general chairman, an-
nounced.
HARRINGTON stressed that
they should be written for an all-
male musical comedy with special
emphasis on freshness of ideas.
He warned that plots dealing
with campus life or containing
local humor would be at a dis-
advantage since the Opera will
be viewed on the road as well
as in Ann Arbor.
Entries will be judged by sev-1

eral faculty members, the new gen-
eral chairman of this year's Opera

Jury Issues
Indictment
Of MeMillan
Oil Lease Deal
Called Violation
WASHINGTON - (P) - Rep.
John L. McMillan (D-SC) was in-
dicted yesterday on a charge of
violating a law prohibiting mem-
bers of Congress from entering
into contracts with the govern-
ment.
The indictment was returned
before U. S. District Judge Alex-
ander Holtzoff within two hours
after McMillan, at his own re-
quest, had appeared before the
grand jury.
S * *
MC MILLAN HAS said he sought
a determination of the situation
himself, provoking a "more or less
friendly action" to clarify the sit-
uation and "see what rights I
have."
The grand jury was assigned
to study whether McMillan vio-
lated federal law in connection
with his 1951 purchase of oil
lease rights in Utah from the
Interior Department.
The law involved prohibits mem-
bers of Congress executing or
holding an interest in a contract
with the government. It provides
a maximum penalty, upon convic-
tion, of a $3,000 fine.
McMillan said the leases covered
1,500 acres of government owned
land in Utah foy a three-year
period.
IN A LATER action the Federal
grand jury yesterday also indicted
Lester Luther, former U. S. dis-
trict attorney for Kansas, and
Nicholas F. Lopes, onetime Justice
Department employe, on fraud
conspiracy charges.
Luther was removed from office
in June of last year by President
Truman, who acted at the request
of McGranery.
Truman Sees
Bright Future
For Economy
By the Associated Press
President Truman said yester-
day in Washington that within
the next decade the nation can
achieve a 500 billion dollar an-
nual economy with every family
having an income of at least
$4,000 a year.
* . * -
THE 500 billion dollar output
of goods and services would com-
pare with X345 billion now. As for
family income, Truman said that
in 1951 about 40 per cent of all
American families had spendable
income of less than $3,000.
In a 15,000-word message to
Congress-his seventh and last
economic report-Truman said
that despite some faint alarm
signals which it is "none too
early to note," the prospect is
for continuing "unparalleled
prosperity" throughout 1953.
But the President cautioned that
once defense spending begins to
taper off, the gravest threats since
the end of World War II may con-
front this country's economic sta-
bility.
Locally, Prof. Kenneth E.
Boulding of the economics de-
partment noted that Truman's
prediction of a $4,000 income for
everyone is subject to three con-

siderations:
1. Is our productivity going to
increase?
2. Won't all increase in produc-
tivity be "gobbled up in rearma-
ment?"
3. Will income be distributed
equally enough to raise the min-
imum to $4,000?
With regard to the latter, Prof.
Boulding said "there is no reason
to assume that income distribu-
tion will become more equalized."
Reds Silence
Doctor Issue
LONDON-(A)-Soviet propa-
ganda organs which have been
trumpeting murder charges against
nine Moscow physicians in anti-

Michigan Goal Thwarted

College Football
Drops Disputed
Platoon System
By DICK LEWIS
College football's controversial two-platoon system succumbed
after 12 years of costly operation yesterday and was replaced by
almost the same regulation it superceded-the time-honored "iron-
man" offensive and defensive interpretation.
The surprise move, announced by NCAA Rules Committee Chair-
man Fritz Crisler after three days of closed-door sessions at St.
Petersburg, Fla., put a finish to the embattled free substitution rule
and gave new hope to the more than 50 small colleges that have
dropped the grid sport.
Crux of the tightened-up regulation is revealed in two sections.
One says that players taken out of the game during the first and
third quarters cannot return to * * *

-Daily-Don Campbell
EARL KEYES SHOT IS TURNED ASIDE BY MSC'S GERRY BERGIN
* * * * * * * *
Wolverine Puckmen Rip State, 10-2

By PAUL GREENBERG
Michigan's hustling hockey
squad took over undisputed pos-
session of second place in the Mid-
west Hockey League pennant
chase last night by virtue of a 10-2
win over injury-riddled Michigan
State.
The Coliseum win boosted the
Wolverines to a five and one rec-
ord in league play, one point
ahead of Denvers ioneers who
have a four and lour season's
mark. Undefeated North Dakota
holds down first place with a six
and nothing record.
* * *.
COACH Vic Heyliger's pucksters.
broke a 1-1 deadlock late in the
first period with three goals in
less than two minutes to put the
game in the victory column.
MSC's only solace In its de-
feat was that it drew first
blood when Captain Dick Lord
smacked in a blue-line screen
shot at 6:10 of the . opening
frame.
Earl Keyes, Michigan's sterling
right wing came right back to
knot the score 28 seconds later
on a shot from close in on the
left side with assists going to
both df his linemates, Doug Phil-
pott and Johnny Matchefts.
THE SCORE remained tied un-
til 18:17 when Doug Mullen took
a pass from defenseman Alex Mc-
Clellan, swept in from the right
side, and after Spartan goalie Ger-
Philadelphia Tram
Workers Strike'
PHILADELPHIA- (P) -Phila-
delphians were late for work and
later for dinner yesterday as they
jammed railroad trains, formed
car pools, rode taxicabs and took
advantage of relaxed parking reg-
ulations to make up for the loss
of their main means of transpor-
tation.
Meanwhile, leaders of the CIO
Transport Workers - both local
and international - squabbled
among themselves over the walk-
out. Michael J. Quil, international
president described the strike
against the Philadelphia Transpor-
tation Company as "wildcat and
illegal."

rie Bergin thwarted his first shot,
Mullen smacked the rebound past
the prostrat netminder.
Then the great little Mat-
chefts dazzled the crowd as he
skated through the entire MSC
defense before passing to Phil-
pott who swept in from the left
to get the score at 19:33. Mat-
chefts tallied one himself when
he collaborated with Keyes, to
make the score 4-1 just eight
seconds later.
The revamped first line account-
ed for half of Michigans ten goals.
Matchefts again led the -team in
scoring with five points on two
goals and three assists, putting
his season total at 25 counters.
* * *
PHILPOTT, who turned in one
of his best performances of the
season last night, got four on two
goals and two assists and Keyes
tallied three points on one goal
and a pair of assists.
George Chin and Jim Haas
also scored three times, Haas
getting all of his points on as-
sists while Chin got one goal and
Senate Calls
For FBIProbe
WASHINGTON-(IP)-The Sen-
ate's new foreign relations com-
mittee announced yesterday it will
require an FBI field investigation
of all persons nominated for key
positions in the State Depart-
ment.
It also decided to establish a
subcommittee on security affairs
to investigate the effect of "to-
talitarian techniques of espion-
age, sabotage and subversion" on
American foreign policy.
Chairman Wiley (R-Wis.) said
the subcommittee would be em-
powered as well to look into charg-
es that disloyal and subversive
persons have infiltrated into the
U. S. diplomatic service and Amer-
ican personnel at the United Na-
tions.
He also said that this is the
first time the committee has ever
required full FBI investigations
for persons nominated to be am-
bassador, ministers or similar
high diplomatic officials.

two assists. Pat Cooney
Doug Mullen both scored
goals and defenseman Alex
Clellan got credit for a
of assists.

and
two
Mc-
pair

The Wolverines didn't let up aft-
er building a three-goal first pe-
riod advantage, but went right
back to work at the beginning of
the second frame. Cooney scored
the first of his two goals at 2:11
when he slapped the rubber into
the cage on assists from Chin and
Haas.
THREE MINUTES later at 5:03
Matchefts again put on a great
exhibition of stick-handling as he
came speeding in from the right
side to flash the red light after
taking a pass from McClellan. Red
Mullen then cashed in his second
score of the evening at 12:48 on
passes from Philpott and Keyes
to build Michigan's advantage to
7-1.
Chin followed with a swoop
in from the right side after be-
ing setup by Haas, the score
coming at 14:35 and ending Mich-
igans scoring in the second period.
In the third period, Coach Hey-
liger rested his first-string goalie,
Willard Ikola who had turned
away 21 Spartan Shots in the first
two frames. Flashy Bill Lucier,
sophomore netminder from Wind-
sor, replaced Ikola and got credit
for nine saves in the last period.
x.
BOTH TEAMS started slowly in
the final frame, Michigan coasting
in front of its seven goal advan-
tage and the Spartans laying back
and waiting for the Wolverines to
See M' ICEMEN, Page 7
Acheson Predicts
Successful EDC
WASHINGTON-(AP)-Secretary
of State Acheson predicted at a
farewell news conference yester-
day that the European Defense
Community will come into being
despite formidable obstacles
Terming movements toward
Western unity" the real vital force
in the mid-20th century," he said
that the French and German de-
lays in ratifying the EDC treaty
were only a setback and a slow-
down. '

action in those periods.
The other states that players
withdrawn before the final four
minutes of the second and fourth
periods may go back into the game
in those last ;our minutes.
NO PROVISION was made for
the extra-point kicker, who pre-
sumably is under the same re-
strictions as the other players.
Committee Chairman Crisler,
Michigan athletic director, said
the change was approved by
unanimous vote of the ten-man
board. "We did it without
thinking of our teams and our
schools, but with the best inter-
ests of football and its future
in mind," the former Wolverine
coach commented.
Implementation of the nw rules
come as a shock to most observers
since only recently the nation's
college coaches voted by a 4-1
majority for keeping the substi-
tution rule the way it was.
THE tvo-platoon system was
implemented in 1941 with the
adoption of a rule allowing coach-
es to make unlimited substitutions
any time the clock was stopped.
It also provided for single re-
placements between plays while
the clock was running.
But "rat-race" football de-
manded huge squads and big
coaching staffs studded with
both offensive and defensive ex-
perts. This was anathema to
the small colleges, who couldn't
compete with bigger schools for
topnotch personnel or the big
crowds.
Small college protest was given
as one of the major reasons for
the switch back to the old system,
with financial problems as the
biggest evil.
, * , ,
ON THE local scene, Assistant
Football Coach Wally Weber de-
clared that Michigan had always
been for the two-platoon system.
"It gave more boys a chance to
participate," he said, "and was in
line with the late Fielding H.
Yost's 'Athletics for All' policy."
Weber recalled that Michigan
practically invented the two-
platoon system. Playing against
such teams as powerful West
Point (with Blanchard, Davis
& Co.), "Michigan's 17-year-
olds had to conserve manpower
and keep fresh," he said.
Merritt (Tim) Green, 1952 grid
captain, said that the startling
decision was 'not a wise move."
Green pointed out that special-
ists had perfected the game to its
highest degree, making sheer pre-
cision. He predicted a consequent
decline in spectator interest.
FOOTBALL captain-elect Dick
O'Shaugnessy forecasted "bigger
responsibility for fewer men,"
while Coach Bennie Oosterbaan
was out of town and unavailable
for comment and Michigan Big
Ten faculty representative Ralph
Aigler declined comment.
Up at East Lansing, Coach of
the Year Biggie Munn couldn't
see anything wrong with the
rule the way it was. He thought
"it will throw the picture wide-
open next fall."
Officials at the Florida con-
clave agreed that thousands of
college coaches will have to throw
their present programs overboard
and start new planning.
"They're going to have to start
considering now who their best
eleven players are," Crisler said.'
"Obviously, the boys now will have
to play the game both ways."
March of Dimes

SL Debates,
Censung
DailySeries
By HARRY LUNN
Parlimentary entanglements
prevented a vote on a motion to
censure The Daily for its series
of articles on campus Communist
activities in the final minutes of
last night's Student Legislature
meeting.
The motion vll automatically
come up for debate under the "old
business' heading at the first SL
meeting next term.
* * *
INTRODUCED by Paula Lev-
in, '55, the proposal read, in part:
"We feel that the methods of
journalism used in the recent se-
ries on Communist activity on this
campus were those which stifle
discussion rather than facilitating
the free discussion of ideas.
"Therefore, in the interests of
preserving a free and objective
atmosphere, the SL expresses its
disapproval of the recent series
or articles," the motion conclud-
ed.
Four separate motions of referal
or postponement of the proposal
were defeated before time ran out
on debate.
MISS LEVIN stressed that the
motion was one of censure and
was not meant to censor The
Daily. Bob Ely, '54E, and Dudley
Chapman, '56, maintained that an
investigation of the articles was
not within the Legislature's pow-
er.
"It should have been obvious
at the start to discerning Stu-
dent Legislators that it is, to
say the least, an unwise prece-
dent for SL to pass judgment
on Daily policy," Daily Manag-
ing Editor, Crawford Young, '53,
commented last night.
In other action, SL passed a mo-
tion sponsored by Human Rela-
tions chairman, Sam Davis, '53,
which will start work on a system
of "fair play" stickers to be dis-
played by campus merchants to
indicate that they do not prac-
tice discrimination in hiring or
customer service.
SL also changed the date of
homecoming from Nov. 21 Ohio
State game to the Oct. 31 Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania grid tilt.
Several appointments were ap-
proved. including that of Leah

FRITZ CRISLER
. . rules chairman

,?

McCARRAN REGULATION S:
New Act Seen as 'Fair' to Students

By VIRGINIA VOSS
The omnibus McCarran-Walter
Immigration Act is now in effect
with most of the foreign student
provisions local International Cen-
ter officials had unsuccessfully
asked revised still wrapped up in
its thousands of pages of regula-

Director of the Center Esson 1
M. Gale stated that the regu-
lations impose additional duties
and responsibilities on the coun-
selors' offices.
But Gale said that the "regula-
tions are by no means unalterable
and if they work hardships, ap-

bond requirement and "it is only
the exceptional student who will
have to pay the $500 sum."
Another Foreign Student Ad-
visers' recommendation which
INS has not accepted was one
asking "that an educational in-
stitution be permitted to appeal

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