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January 06, 1952 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1952-01-06

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FOUfL

THE MICHIGAN DAILY b ? A-J y.;

,_ t _ _ .
i

Phoenix

Pro ect
r- a
e EVER SINCE a fateful August day in
1945, people around the world have
heard echoes of an explosion at Hiroshima
and have faced the new horizon of un-
leashed atomic energy with fear and trep-
idation.
The general public has watched the
subsequent research, test explosions and
international squabbles over the bomb's
control with increasing anxiety over the
future of so much potentially destructive
power.
However, here at the University,. a great
deal of progress is being made in convert-
ing the atomic war-baby into a peace-lov-
ing citizen. In a year-end report on the
work of the Memorial Phoenix Project, di-
rector Ralph A. Sawyer, dean of the Grad-
uate School, disclosed some important
strides in peaceful uses of atomic energy.
Heading the list of new developments is
the promise of a new way to kill trichinosis
in Infected pork. Other developments in-
cluded effective means of killing bacteria,
thus aiding food preservation, drug sterili-
zation and changing fermentation pro-
cesses. New means of dealing with cancer,
America's number two killer, have also
x. been found.
But the Phoenix Memorial does not
stop with research in physical science
fields, although most of its 54 projects
are concentrated in this line. Approxi-
mately $75,000 of the $140,000 already
spent in peacetime atomic research has
gone into such programs as the legal and
publica administration aspects of atomic
energy.
In such ways, the project is filling a
world-wide need-putting the atom to work
for the benefit of mankind. All those who
have aided these scientific pioneers through
their contributions to the Phoenix Project
have earned the thanks of not only the
United States but also the entire world.
-Diane Decker
DREW PEARSON:
Washington
Merr y-Go-Round
WASHINGTON-British sources close to
Winston Churchill say that while his
initial reason for coming to see Eisenhower
was the dynamite-laden situation in Iran,
the Prime Minister has become equally
steamed up over reports of Eisenhower's
proposed strategy in Korea.
This strategy, as relayed to London by
British observers, follows:
. Send two divisions of Chiang Kai-
Shek's troops to Korea from Formosa.
2. Blockade the China ports.
3. Turn over a certain number of Ameri-
can naval vessels to South Korea 'and the
Chinese Nationalists in order to form Ko-
rean and Chinese navies, which in turn
would harass the coast of China.
4. Lift the present ban against Chiang
Kal-Shek's sending military expeditions to
the Chinese mainland.
5. Possible use of atomic weapons in
Korea.
6. Send three U.S. divisions to Japan, pre-
sumably to prepare for a Korean offensive
next spring.
BRITISH OPPOSITION-
THE FIRST five of these cut squarely
across British policy in the past-not
only the policy of the Labor Government,
but of the Conservatives. In fact, ex-prime
Minister Clement Attlee rushed across the
Atlantic on a somewhat similar mission,
when President Truman dropped an off-
the-cuff remark about using the A-bomb
in Korea.
Churchill is reported by friends to be
particularly upset over Ike's reported plan
to use Chiang Kai-Shek's troops and also
the reported plan to blockade the China
coast. The British have long argued that
Chinag Kai-Shek is completely discred.

ited, that he can never stage a comeback,
and that using his troops either in Ko-
rea or on the Chinese mainland would be.
like a red flag to the Chinese. It might,
they argue, prolong the war indefinitely.
The British also claim that any block-
ade of the China coast would be tantmount
to an act of war. If U.S. warships should
blockade 'Russian-held Dairen, for instance,
it might easily provoke war.
Churchill's advisers say that since he and
Eisenhower are old comrades from World
War 'II during which they enjoyed an ex-
tremely close relationship, Winston may
tactfully suggest that the new President
should not move merely for the sake of
movement, but that his moves be carefully
thought out so as not to alienate this coun-
try's allies.
(Copyright, 1952, by the Bell Syndicate)

BO OKS
RUMOR AND REFLECTION: By Bernard umes of his library, his major art treasures,
Berenson. Simon & Schuster. and his photograph collection in nearby
UTNFORTUNATELY, important critics of cellars.
books (those writing for major reviews) Life as usual meant reading newspapers
often accomplish the opposite of their ends from Germany, entertaining and being en-
because of their means. Bernard Berenson's tertained; listening to radio broadcasts
latest book, "Rumor and Reflection," met from Axis and Allied nations; reflecting on
with an all too favorable reception at its v Jews and theirum roleart,ma in western genrcivilization,
.ublication some weeks ago, and the result
has not been happy. and many other things-none of which is
Intending to praise the book because trivial.
of its fineness, and by so doing introduce Once ,Berenson was in hiding, the tenor
it to a large audience, the critics have of the diary changes. Unable to live ac-
succeeded in doing to Berenson what T. cording to his custom, Berenson thought
S. Eliot says has been done to Ben Jon- and wrote more on the actuality of the
son: "To be 'uiversally accepted; to be war, as retreating German troops forti-
damned by the praise that quenches all fied the countryside, and upon literature
desire to read the book; to be afflicted by in particular, art in general; "Prometheus
imputation of the virtues which excite Unbound" in the midst of aerial and ar-
the least pleasure; and to be read only tillery bombardments; Goethe, Racine,
by historians and antiquaries-this is the Shakespeare-these occupied his mind.
most perfect conspiracy of approval." Berenson, capable of looking at a good
Berenson has, for half a century, persist- deal of personal danger without loss of
ed in intellectual circles as a reputation; resolve and dignity, wrote of the Allied
regarded as perhaps the greatest art critic invasion of Italy:
alive, relatively few persons have troubled "The Anglo-Americans have made a
themselves to find out why he is accorded landing on the spot where Aeneas landed
that reputation. That, would certainly seem three thousand years ago. According to last
to be unfortunate. accounts they are already at Velletri and
"Rumor and Reflection" is, according to have thus achieved, in a couple of days
its arrangement, a diary of Berenson's war what it took the Trojan hero so long to
years, opening on January 1, 1941, and end- accomplish. The terrain still sets the same
ing after the Allied liberation of Italy in problems that it did of old."
November 1944. Lithuanian by birth, Ameri- Others have written of the invasion dra-
can by legal proceedings, and Harvard edu- matically, and well, but none has written
cated, Berenson has lived forty years in with a greater sense of history.
Italy. He and Mrs. Berenson decided to re- Speaking of his hiding, Berenson says:
main in Italy despite the cajolery of the ;°. . . this year of sequestration seemed
U.S. State Department, and the concern 'of already, while I was living it, and seems
their friends. That, ostensibly, gave rise to more and more in retrospect, one of the
this diary of Berenson's. most satisfactory of a life time. For many
In his home, I Tatti, Berenson had a day I had been longing for leisure, for
amassed all the materials essential to his freedom from workaday matters, and
work. He says, "The library has only some from over-much society. All this and
forty thousand items, but scarcely one more was granted me... "
that, in the course of sixty years, has not "Rumor and Reflection" is not, and
been acquired for quality of its content, should not be regarded as, a theory of crit-
whether literary or scholarly." I Tatti icism, a philosophy of life, a codification of
also houses his collection of photographs a life spent in scholarship and writing, or
which "comprise a fair showing of the anything consciously preconceived and
world's art in every phase," and his per- carefully executed. It is the commonplace
sonal aggregation of "objet d'art." book of one of the extraordinary minds of
Life for Berenson went according to long- three generations, our own and those of
established custom so long as Mussolini re- our parents and grandparents. "Rumor and
mained solvent in the Axis system. Once Reflection" may well be one of the most
Mussolini was deposed, the Germans start- important single non-fiction books to come
ed their "Jew-hunt" and their rape of Italy. from the war. One would do well to place
Then Berenson, who is Jewish, went into it on his shelves and make not infrequent
hiding with a neutral diplomat's family, incursions.
and secreted some twenty thousand vol- --Russell Gregory
MATTER OF FACT:.
The Facts on the H-Bomb

"Keep Working On Him-He Must
Be Guilty Of Something"

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FIRST SEMESTER
EXAMINATION SCHEDULE
University of Michigan
COLLEGE OF LITERATURE, SCIENCE, AND THE ARTS
HORACE H. RACKHAM SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES
COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
SCHOOL OF NATURAL RESOURCES
SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY
SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
SCHOOL OF NURSING
SCHOOL OF MUSIC
January 19 - January '29, 1953
NOTE: For courses having both lectures and recitations, the
time of class is the time of the first lecture period of the week;
for courses having recitations only, the time of the class is the
time of the first recitation period. Certain courses will be ex-
amined at special periods as noted below the regular schedule.
12 o'clock classes, 4 o'clock classes, 5 o'clock classes and other
"irregular" classes may use any examination period provided
there is no conflict (or one with conflicts if the conflicts are ar-
ranged for by the "irregular" classes).
Each student should receive notification from his instructor
as to the time and place of his examination. In the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, no date of examination may
be changed without the consent of the Committee on Examina-
iton Schedules.
Time of Class Time of Examination
(at 8 Wednesday, January 21 9-12
(at 9 Saturday, January 24 9-12
(at 10 Tuesday, January 27 9-12
MONDAY (at 11 Monday, January 19 9412
(at 1 Tuesday, January 20 2-5
(at 2 Thursday, January 29 9-12
(at 3 Thursday, January 22 2-5

tettePJ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed vy the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

TUESDAY

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Friday, January 23
Monday, January 26
Wednesday, January 28
Tuesday, January 20
Thursday, January 29
Thursday, January 22
Monday, January 19

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South Africa . .
To the Editor:j
t WAS interested in a letterl
which aneared in the Chicago1

too, but after reading several ar-
ticles in The Daily lately on "the
case of Bert Braun," I feel that it
is high time for me to come to the
defense of an old friend.

These regular examination periods have precedence over any
special period scheduled concurrently. Conflicts must be ar-
ranged for by the instructor of the "special" class.
SPECIAL PERIODS
LITERATURE, SCIENCE, AND THE ARTS

i
1
1

I have just finished reading a
Daily News, pertaining to Kenya copy of The Dial-a new West
and the Mau Mau, signed by an
Asiatic student, L. V. Naidoo, who n Quad ptblication. My first reac-
is at present studying at the Uni- Lion was one of utter disgust. At
versiy ofMichgan.this season of Christmas, when
versity of Michigan' most people should be thinking of
Mr. Naidoo, in his eloquent plea peace on earth, and good will
for the Africans (black races) re- among men. the editors of The
frained from intimating the role Dial devoted nearly , an issue
played by theuAsiatics in Africa. to a ,vicious and unfounded at-
Perhaps he could enlighten us on tack upon one of the finest stu-
the subject, with particular ref- dentsuwho ever attended the Uni-
erence to the activities of one versity of Michigan-Bert Braun.
Daddoo, who is one of three Asi- The paper is so filled with lies and
atics from South Africa listed un- smears of the Joe McCarthy var-
der the 500 leading Communists iety, that I wondered to myself,
in the Eastern Hemisphere (ex- "How could intelligent college stu-
cluding the USSR) by a United dents stoop so low?" The answer,
States Congressional Committee. of course, came to me when I read
As far as South African affairs the editorial board which puts out
are concerned, the All Indian The Dial.
Congress Party incites to civil My defense of Bert Braun
disobedience in South Africa and My fen oet Bran
providessprings from an honest belief that
provides funds for carryingdon he has worked long and hard in
this campaign. From thenIndianh e i

Chemistry 1, 3
English 1, 2
Psychology 31
English 112
Economics 51, 52, 53, 54
Great Books 1, Section 9
Sociology 51, 54, 60, 90
Political Science 1
French 1, 2, 11, 12, 31, 32
61, 62
Spanish 1, 2, 31, 32
Russian 1
German 1, 2, 31, 11
Zoology 1

Monday, January 19
Wednesday, January 2
Wednesday, January 2
Wednesday, January 2
Friday, January 23
Friday, January 23
Saturday, January 24
Saturday, January 24
Monday, January 26

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Tuesday, January 27
Tuesday, January 27
Tuesday, January 27
Wednesday,,fJanuary 28

SPECIAL PERIODS
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

WASHINGTON-No American high offi-
cial has the faintest doubt that the
Kremlin now knows the salient facts about
the American hydrogen bomb. At this very
moment, beyond question, the Soviet strat-
egists are recasting their war plans in the
light of the existence of this weapon which
blotted out an atoll. Equally certainly, they
are also thinking of the next phase, which
we should be thinking about too, when the
Kremlin will have an H-bomb of its own.
In these circumstances it is ludicrous
--it is downright shocking-that the facts
about the H-bomb are being concealed
from the American people. They can be,
and have been, ascertained by the same
non-secret processes used by the Russian
intelligence. And here they are.
The first point to note is that all expec-
tations, both official and unofficial, were
surpassed by the last explosion at Eniwe-
tok. It was fairly well-known that the orig-
inal aim was to build a one megaton bomb
-or in other words, a bomb fifty times
more powerful than the Hiroshima bomb,
with an explosive power of one million tons
of TNT.
There were widespread doubts that even
this aim could be attained, because of the
undreamed of complexity of the technical
problems involved. Prior to the Eniwetok
test, the official word was passed that the
object to be exploded was not going to be
a bomb at all.
It was going to be a mere "experimen-
tal mechanism" deriving most of its pow-
er from plutonium fusion, which is the
power source of conventional atomic
bombs. At best ,it was only going to dem-
onstrate the capabilities of hydogen fu-
sion, which is the quite different and in-
finitely more terrible power source of
hydrogen bombs, as well as the source of
the sun's heat that maintains life on
earth.
All this cautious preliminary damping-
down has now turned out to be utterly mis-
leading. As things turned out, the primi-

tive hydrogen bomb tested at Eniwetok had
an explosive force of between three and
five megatons. It was between one-hundred-
and-fifty and two-hundred-and-fifty times
more powerful than the bomb that fell on
Hiroshima. It was the equivalent of be-
tween three-million and five-million tons of
TNT.
There is no adequate way to visualize
such an explosion, in which Faustian man
reproduced the very of fire of life. But one
can at least set down the probable effects
on its target of a hydrogen bomb of this
order. Let us strike an average, supposing
that the bomb tested at Eniwetok had a
force of four megatons. In that case, the
effects on an urban target would be ap-
proximately as follows, according to expert
estimates:
First, the bomb would send out lethal
gamma rays, which would kill unprotect-
ed living organisms over an area of ten
square miles. But this would have no-
importance, since all living things so near
to ground zero would be burned or blast-
ed to death in any case.
Second, such a bomb would severely blast
an area of 140 square miles, and moderately
to severely blast an area of 20 square miles.
In the area of severe blast, there would be
total ruin. In the larger area of moderate-
to-severe blast, destruction would be more
capricious, with some structures totally
ruined, others only moderately damaged,
Third, the fireb all of the bomb would
send out a heatfiash sufficientto igniteI
combustible material, or to cause killing
third degree burns on exposed skin, with-
in an area of 300 square miles.
Fourth, such a bomb would certainly
start one or more firestorms. These are theI
infernos of fire, which fan their own flames
by creating their own draft, that civilized
man first produced in Hamburg, and then
in Hiroshima, in the last war. A fire storm
destroys all living things in its path, by
burning the oxygen in the air, and thus in
effect strangling living organisms. The
storm rages until the flames find no more
fuel to feed them.
Remember, further, that this bomb tested
at Eniwetok was only a primitive first mod-
el. After this test, we can no longer doubt
that men can make what has been defined
as "the absolute weapon"-the ten mega-
ton bomb, with a force of 10 million tons
of TNT. Bombs larger than this, in fact,
can probably be built if there is use for
them. Thus the Eniwetok explosion in No-
vember radically changed the whole world}
we live in, and the personal situations of
every one of us. And that is why the peo-
ple have a right to know about these devel-
nnMV - r nlt - ~cr - o mn- t - -- 117a

High Commissioner's Office in
London we learn of the attempt
from New Delhi to form a Third
Political Party in South Africa!
The question of the protection
of Indian minorities in South Af-
rica can hardly be discussed by
India with any attempt at right-

with no thought of the credit
which he so richly deserves. It
springs from the memories of Fri-
day eveningsawhen almost single-
handed, he ran a Little Club so
that students would have a place
to dance after the movies. It
springs from respect for a friend

Business Administration 22, Monday, January 19
122; 223a, 223b
Business Administration 1 Tuesday, January 20
Business Administration 73, Wednesday, January'21
105, 143
Business Administration 13 Wednesday, January 21
(Econ. 173)
Business Administration 255 Friday, January 23
Business Administration 162 Friday, January 23

7-10 P.M.
7-10 P.M.
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9-12
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eous indignation. Hyderabad and who was never satisfied unless he,
Kashmir are twin fingers of ac- was doing something for his
cusation against India. Further, school.
Muslims born in South Africa who
are at present in India have even If the "big shots" of West Quad
complained to the SouthAfrican and certain members of the IHC,
Government of the seizure of complete 1/10th of the work that
their properties under the Evac- Bert Braun has done, during their
uee Property Ordinance. Certainly stay in Ann Arbor, they would be
an interesting situation! doing more than this writer would
From my own observations, it ever expect of them-judging
is obvious that the Africans will them on their talents,
view any attempt by Indians to It is my hope, that when the
secure Lebensraum in Africa,: Board of Governors reviews the
North or South, with a jaundiced case of Bert Braun, that it will
eye. The African battle cry at review it in a spirit of fairness;
the moment is "Africa for the Af- that it will obtain all the facts;
ricans"; and, openly aided and that it will recognize that in the
abetted by Communist influ- person of Bert Braun is symbolized
ence and propaganda emanating the "ideal" Residence Hall leader.
from Communist nests scattered -Gene Mossner, '52
throughout Africa, the future of
that continent lies in the laps of
the gods. [EGAL JARGON is to some ex-j
--Rhoda Barry, South - tent a dead language. It is
African student at The not spoken; it is not growing; it
University of Illinois does not reflect the real facts of
* community life and of the normal

SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any neces-
sary changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
SCHOOL OF MUSIC
Individual examinations by appbintment will be given for all
applied music courses (individual instruction) elected for credit
in any unit of the University. For time and place of examina-
tions, see bulletin board in the School of Music.
SCHOOL OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any necessary
changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Courses not covered by this schedule as well as any necessary
changes will be indicated on the School bulletin board.
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
College of Engineering
SCHEDULE OF EXAMINATIONS
January 19 to January 29, 1953
NOTE: For courses having both lectures and quizzes, the
time of class is the time of the first lecture period of the week;
for courses having quizzes only, the time of class is the time of
the first quiz period.
Certain courses will be examined at special periods as noted
below the regular schedule. All cases of conflicts between as-
signed examination periods must be reported for adjustment.
See bulletin board outside of Room 3209 East Engineering Build-
ing between January 5th and January 10th for instruction. To
avoid misunderstandings and errors each student should receive
notification from his instructor of the time and place of his ap-
pearance in each course during the period January 19 to Jan-
uary 29.
No date of examination may be changed without the consent
of the Classification Committee.

Y

4

Acquittal . .
To the Editor:
JUST before going home for
Christmas, I received a tele-I
phone call from Richard Demmer,
of the editorial board of the Mon-
roe Street Jounral. He offered the
following explanation for the edi-
torial coincidence I wrote about
in a previous letter.
He said that his paper was em- t
barking upon a long-range pro-E
gram of revising and reprinting
meritorious editorials, from lead-
ing newspapers, on topics of gen-
eral business and economic ' in-
terest. The editorial on labor re-
lations and labor legislation was
to be the first. Mr. Demmer ex- t
plained that the editorial was to
be typed to copy the original, but
that the typist to whom he gave:
the task put at the bottom, notj

interchange between articulate
persons.
-N. Y. Times
Sixty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students at
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Crawford Young......Managing Editor
Barnes Connable.........City Editor
Cal Sam ra.... ......Editorial Director
Zander Hollander.....Feature Editor
Sid Klaus........ Associate City Editor
Harland Britz..........Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman. Associate Editor
Ed Whipple ....... Sports Editor
John Jenks......Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell.....Associate Sports Editor

CIINIEMA.

Time of Class
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At the Orpheum . .
CASQUE D'OR, with Simone Signoret and
Serge Reggiani.
yWITH THE exception of a few different
faces and a foreign language this might
have been any one of a number of American
racket mnvies The story hv nmnne nnml

typical tough doll, and which she plays with
feeling and sensitivity.
Serge Reggiani portrays the carpenter,
a noble honest man who is forced to mur-
der a man in a fight over Marie. As he is
typically a good man with a streak of bad
luck, so Claude Dauphin, the gangleader,
is a standard unscrupulous villain. While

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Time of Examination
Wednesday, January 21
Saturday, January 24
Tuesday, January 27
Monday, January 19
Tuesday, January 20
Thursday, January 29
Thursday, January 22
Friday, January 23
Monday, January 26
Wednesday, January 28
Tuesday, January 20
Thursday, January 29
Thursday, January 22
Monday, January 19

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the source, but Mr. Demmer's Lorraine Butler........ Wowen's Editor
name. Mr. Demmer asserted that Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editorj
he was short of time, and so didB
not read the copy and correct the Business Staff
error. Al Green............Business Manager
error. Milt Goetz........ Advertising Manager
This explanation should serve Diane Johnston. . ..Assoc. Business Mgr.
to acquit Mr. Demmer of any di- Judy Loehnberg .... Finance Manager
r,,+ n,-.,i j cm -nt 1 asct nrA ein ra Tonm Treecer....Cirmulation Manager

TUMSDAY

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