THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1952
_ _ _I
By CRAWFORD YOUNG To organize in this direction, at least in
Daily Managing Editor a rudimentary fashion, there has been some
IT IS BECOMING popular these days to groundwork laid towards organization of a
re-evaluate the University's public re- student speaker's bureau to visit high
Iations program. Somehow, a new vista of schools and alumni groups. An experimen-
untapped potential seems to have been re- tal foray was made last month into Liv-
entudcoeed n th ems7,00havstudens.- ingston County by a group of six. This prov-
cently uncovered in the 17,000 students. ed reasonably successful and valuable for
There are those who have for some time both groups addressed and the students in
envisioned .the student body with some terms of stump-speaking experience.
relish as an unmobilized army of "good- However, only a small number of sto-
will ambassadors" who should somehow be dents can ever be organized. Theimpact
organized into Maize and Blue public re- dentUnver b oraie sTeimacy
lations legions. on University public rel ations will always
come from the individual student infor-
Of course, a student who puts in a good mally relaying his impressions to his
word for the University is doing nothing friends. A constant realization of this in-
veial. But it is essential to realize that the evitably re-focuses the public relations
role of the student presenting the Univer- problem in its proper perspective-in terms
sity to the outside is not one of a salesman of the old maxim that the most willing
but rather an interpreter. He is explaining of salesmen needs a good product to sell.
the University as he subjectively views it The intensive effort must not come in
to the sundry parties who might express in- organizing students but in protecting and
terest in it-taxpayers, alumni, potential building the bulwark of a great educa-
students, et al. tional tradition, academic freedom in its
This presumes that he will praise the broadest sense, continuing to refurbish
University in areas of operation where it and, add to the University's intellectual
merits praise-on its effective efforts to as well as its physical plant, seeking edu-
reconcile its size to the 'needs and well- cational leadership rather than conform-
being of the student body, on its dis- ity.
tinguisfIed faculty, on its academic stan- The student has no intrinsic obligation
dards and prestige, on its sane athletic to "sell" the University. It is to be hoped
program. that-the University will continue to improve
On the other hand, if he is called on to itself, continue to make itself worthy of the
comment on specific policies of the Uni- superlatives with which it would like to have
versity of which he profoundly disapproves, itself described. The University will get as
he will feel no compunction about report- good a "salesmanship" job from the stu-
ing his honest evaluation. dent body as it deserves.
DURING THE past thirty years it has be-
come increasingly evident that the laws
regulating contributions to political parties
and various political organizations are in
need of drastic reform.
The Hatch Act, as amended in 1940,
makes it unlawful for one person or or-
ganization to make contributions in ex-
cess of $5,000 a year in behalf of a candi-
date running for federal office. Further-
more, the act states that no political com-
mittee shall receive or spend more than $3
million per year.
Although these provisions would seem to
be effective enough to prevent excessive
contributions, in practice this is not the
case. Large organizations can get around
the act easily by forming a number of in-
dependent ad hoc committees, each of which
can contribute the maximum $5,000 to a
party. These donations can then be given
to several branches of a party, such as the
county, state and national organizations.
Moreover, the Rockefellers, duPonts, and
other large-corporate dynasties can afford
to have individual members of their large
families each contribute to the various party
organizations. It has been estimated that
the Rockefellers gave more than $85,000 to
the Republican party during the recent
But it was not until the discovery of
Senator Nixon's "private" campaign fund
appeared in newspapers that many citi-
zens realized the need for stricter laws
regulating private -donations.
To prevent these large contributions, Con-
gress should make illegal any kind of dona-
tions to a political party, organization or to
an individual running for federal office. In
place of these contributions, Congress could
annually give a direct equal payment to each
of the major parties. Third parties could
receive an amount in direct proportion to
the votes cast for them at the last election.
National party commitees could then distri-
bute the money among their candidates as
they see fit.
Because of the fluctuating real value of
the dollar, the government subsidy should
be made on the basis of the cost of living
index rather than being a set amount.
This plan would put both major parties
on equal financial grounds and would
avoid many loopholes and abuses in the
Furthermore, it would make the elected
candidate responsible only to the electorate
and not to the individuals and organiza-
tions that give him the funds with which to
run his campaign. At the present time, vot-
ers cannot be sure that their congressman is
acting in their behalf or in the interests of
the Rockefellers, duPonts or Reuthers, who
are now able to buy their way into a party's
Another consequence of this plan would
be to bring about more party unity. For if
the national committees had the power to
'distribute money among their candidates,
they would naturally give stronger support
to those nominees who, if elected, would
uphold their party's platform in Congress.
All in all, this new plan would be far more
preferable to the present system of donating
At the 0Orheum.. .
"Besides, We Invented 'Bam''Zowie' And 'Plop' First"
tette/'4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
' W i.
( $ l h \ L %, -
.. Ii L.LC t'r
Appreciat ive . .t
To the Editor:
THANKS TO South Quad: Last
week a blood drive for the ben-
efit of the Armed Forces was held'
in South Quadrangle. On behalf
of the Air Force Reserve person-
nel sponsoring the drive, I should
like to express our gratitude to
those students who donated their
blood. Also, we wish to publicly
thank the members of the Stu-
dent Council of South Quad for
their fine spirit. Their willingness
to have the blood collection unit
housed in the South Quad recre-
ation rooms was greatly appreci-
ated by all parties.
-W. R. Dixon
* * .
Michigan State .
To the Editor:
HE MAJORITY of Michigan
students have a great deal of
pride in their Alma Mater. We are
proud of our athletic teams and
support them avidly. And al-
though it may be heart-warming
to see former Spartans desert the
social whirl at East Lansing for
the unending grind here.at the
University, I believe Roger Mag-
nuson has let his position on the
Michigan bandwagon over-incite
his imagination and warp his abil-
ity to view M.S.C. objectively.
I do not disagree with Ed Whip-
ple or Mr. Magnuson that Michi-
gan State players McAuliffe, Deck-
er, and Ellis made Collier's All-
American team not on their indi-
vidual merits but because they
played for a top notch outfit.
While I too enjoy poking fun at
the students of "Silo Tech," I dis-
like the shabby picture of acade-
mic decrepitude which Mr. Mag-
nuson paints of M.S.C. The state-
ments "Michigan State is a school
of leistire . . . It is not an aca-
demic institution by any means."
are completely unfounded. M.S.C.'s
Schools of Veterinary Medicine,
Home Economics, and Agriculture
are highly recognized. Courses
which I took there (1949-50) such
as chemistry, sociology, zoology,
and mathematics were as difficult
as similar courses I have taken
Never while at M.S.C. was I
sneered at or ostracized by my fel-
low students for studying more
than two hours a day. The free
admittance of State students to
the Lecture-Concert Series fea-
uring the same notables that ap-
pear in Hill Auditorium further
emphasizes the fact that improve-
ment of the mind and apprecia-
tion of the arts are encouraged at
After living two years in our
dormitory system I have observed
the same continual disturbances
(with the exception of riot-like
panty raids) that abound within
the confines of the ivy covere
walls in East Lansing.
Making jokes and satarizing our
rivals is completely in order, Mr.
Magnuson; mud slinging and de-
rogatory jibbering are poor re-
flections on the fine university of
which we are a part.
--Dick Evans, '53 BAd.
* * *
Broken Tradition ..
To the Editor:
WHAT HAS happened to Michi-
gan's tradition? As one walks
past our Union he sees many wo-
men entering and leaving the
building by means of the front
entrance. Traditionally, at Michi-
gan, the front entrance is for men
only. There is an easily accessible
side entrance to the Union. Is it
so difficult for escorted or unes-
corted women to use this entrance?
One of the most popular meet-
ing places on campus is the Mi-
chigan Union's cafeteria. As we
enter the cafeteria we immediately
are confronted with signs above
the entrance of the South Cate,
which state, "Gentlemen Only
Please." But this is the farthest
thing from a stag room that we
have ever seen. It is not an un-
usual occurence to find an es-
corted woman within the walls of
this "stag" room. Is this tradi-
tionally man's room becoming a
We suggest the Union's Board
of Directors take these matters in-
to consideration and return to the
Michigan Union the tradition
which it rightfully deserves,
-Mike Gale, '56
Steve Fishman, '5
Mike Bernstein, '56
A REPRINT of a speech delivered by Jas-
per H. Kohn, Commander of the Michi-
gan Department of Veterans of Foreign
Wars, in which he attacked the United Na-
tions' Educational, Social and Cultural Or-
ganization, appeared in The Daily last Sat-
In this lengthy tirade, Kohn found time
to snort at the Council, blast teachers,
world citizenship and deliver a parting
shot at the World Federalists.
Kohn accused UNESCO of propagandiz-
ing for world citizenship, "a thought dis-.
tasteful to every loyal American," and of
consciously trying to rewrite public school
text books so as to distort American his-
These accusations are hardly tenable.
UNESCO has not attempted to distort
history. Rather, the organization has tried
to expand the framwork of historical
thought beyondthe limits of individual na-
tions. Instead of the inadequacies of nation-
al history, UNESCO has endeavored to sub-
stitute a concept of world development and
The Council, which is primarily fact
gathering and distributing agency at the
cultural level for the United Nations, has
worked from an expanded base in its edu-
cational program. Through its activities
it hopes to inform governments and in.
dividuals about what is happening in oth-
er parts of the world-believing that "in-
ternal national problems can best be
solved by education, rather than by war.
Furtliermore, UNESCO has not cam-
paigned to "belittle" either our culture or
that of any other nation, as Kohn would
like his followers to believe. It merely asks
that Americans, as well as all people, realize
the existance of societies other than their
KOHN CONTINUES by charging that our
teachers have been "duped" into follow-
ing the general lines set down by UNESCO.
More accurately he means that teachers
have been "duped" because they had had the
audacity to think for themselves. This may
be abhorant to some of our more "loyal"
Americans, who still cannot grasp the real
meaning of freedom.
To Kohn, the idea of world citizenship
is also anathema. Fortunately, this
thought is not distasteful to every Ameri-
can. Persons who believe in world citi-
zenship are convinced that with such ap
attitude some of the solutions to global
wars and international anarchy may
more readily be achieved.
These people believe nationalism to be a
narrow interest and the greatest evil that
plagues the world today. The most strik-
ing examples that :they cite are the atti-
tudes in Hitler's Germany when "Deutch-
land uber Alles" v/as the rallying call and,
at the present time, the frenzied national-
ism in the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser ex-
tent, in the United States.
Lastly, Kohn brandishes his red, white
and blue sword at, the World Federalists
and blatantly says that 'they are as danger-
ous as Communists because they advocate
world government. In his eyes the only dif-
ferences between this organization and the
Communists is that the Federalists believe
in attaining their end through peaceful
means while the Communists do not.
Such an obvious over-simplification is
The most to be said about the Federalists
is that they are disillusioned idealists who
are slowly giving up the hope of ever set-
ting up a world state. Their rapidily de-
clining numbers in recent years will attest
to this fact. If idealism is a crime to Kohn,
then the whole human race should be in-
dicted for this breach of decorum.
"The Veterans of Foreign Wars," Kohn
states, "have pledged -themselves in the
fight to bring . . . this prograni (UNESCO)
out into the open so that Americans can
sfe it for the insidious plot it is.. . . "
The VFW has already won its first bat-
tle against UNESCO. In Los Angeles they
have successfully participated in remov-
ing UNESCO publications from the pub-
Little do these gentlemen realize that, in
their overzealous patriotism, they are help-
ing to destroy the very values which this
country has consistently stood for.
AS £~.AI N EN UF
WITH DREW PEARSONr
WASHINGTON-It was probably a mixture of nostalgic loneliness
plus just a bit of personal pique that caused the big furore overI
MacArthur and Eisenhower, the Truman press conference, and the9
MacArthur speech that he knew the way out in Korea.e
To understand it you have to go back to the days when a1
young major occupied a desk in the extreme outer office of the
Chief of Staff in the old state, war and navy building in Wash-X
ington. The Chief of Staff in those days was Douglas Mac-
Arthur, about 50 years old, dynamic, straight as a ramrod andt
given to pacing up and down his office nervously toying withr
a Japanese fan.
The young officer about three offices removed was Maj. Dwightr
Eisenhower, who wrote brilliant speeches for the Chief of Staff, butc
otherwise was completely overshadowed by the vibrant-voiced Generalc
who dominated the War Department.K
That was in 1932. The years passed. The pendulum of fate
swung back and forth to change the positions of these two.1
Major Eisenhower went to the Philippines with the General,e
helped him train the Philippine constabulary, differed with him, was
shipped home. Reasons for the friction vary. Some Filipinos say
they found the major was doing the real planning for Philippine de-
fense, figured they could pay the major, save the money they were1
paying the General. Naturally the General got sore.
EUROPEAN ASIATIC COMMANDERS
AT ANY RATE, the pendulum of fate, still swinging, put the major,
now a major general, in command in North Africa, then in Eur-
ope. It was up to him to get as many troops, as many supplies as
possible. A dynamic personality, Winston Churchill, backed him. Na-
turally the troops and supplies he got lessened those for his old com-
manding general in the Far East. So the young major, now a full-
fledged General, won his European part of the war first.
Three years passed, an election came up, and some Republi-
cans talked about drafting the old General, now in Tokyo. Many
Democrats also talked about drafting the young major, now
president of a university. However he said no.
But various publishers, visiting Tokyo, had so buttered up the old
General that Gen. Bob Eichelberger, then his deputy commander,
tells how on July 4, 1948, just before the Republican convention in
Philadelphia, he gave the General the review of his life-Army, Navy,
Waves, Wac-polished up with lick and spittle. And the old General
stood erect, straight-as-a-ramrod, his arm rigidly at salute, talking
out of the side of his mouth to Eichelberger.
"They're not going to take Dewey," said the Ol General, his eyes
fixed on the parade but not really watching it. "The leaders don't like
him. And they're not going to take Taft. He hasn't got enough sex
appeal. Warren of California won't go with Wall Street. And Van-
denberg's got a bad heart.
"So when it's all over they're going to have to come back to
me," concluded the old General. "That's their only alternative-
if they want to win.'
"Look at those WACS, General," said Eichelberger, trying to get
his chief's mind off politics. "You know WACS look different going
than they do coming."
DISAPPOINTMENT IN PHILADELPHIA
BUT THE old General was interested only in what happened when
the Republicans convened in Philadelphia. And he told Eichel-
berger to get ready to take over in Tokyo.j
In Philadelphia next week, "MacArthur headquarters" was
bedecked with banners, its tables stacked with literature. But
few come to read the literature, and fewer voted for him when
the roll was called on the convention floor.
So swung the pendulum of fate.
It continued to swing. Two years passed. Came the Korean War.
Things did not go well for the -old General. The victory which the
American people expected overnight, the quick-and-easy humbling
of Communist forces, did not come. Regardless of who was to blame,
there were bitter moments for the old General and for the American
Politics got into the act. Republican leaders in Washington be-
gan using the old General. He began playing into their hands. Finally
he was ordered home.
Remarked the young major, now a five-star General in Eur-
ope: "When you put on the uniform there are certain inhibitions
A year later, he came home to run for President, despite a warn-
ing from the old General in Lansing, Mich., that no military man
should serve in the White House. And despite the old General's key-
note speech, calculated to stop him, the young major was nominated.
FIVE MINUTES' WALK
AS THE PENDULUM swung further and as it looked like a close
race on November 4, certain friends approached the old General
urging him to endorse the young major who once sat in his outer
office and who was now running for President. No less than the ex-
President of the United States approached him; and Winthrop Ald-
rich, head of the Chase Bank, and Gen. George Kenny, his old air
commander in the South Pacific
"Look, Boss," said Kenny, "it's only a five-minute walk from
here to Eisenhower's suite in the Commodore Hotel."
"And it's only a five-minute walk from the Commodore her,"
replied the old General.
So November 4 came ,and the man whom the old General still
thinks of as a young major, won. He won even without the endorse-
[DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN I
BARBER OF SEVILLE, by Rossini,
Nelly Corradi, Ferruccio Tagliavini,'
Tito Gobbi, Italo Tajo.
MATTER OF FACT:
oltics & the Budget
By STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON- Leading Democrats, re-
covering a little from the heavy blow
wA h they suffered on Nov. 4, are begin-
ning to ask themselves whether this blow
was not really a blessing in disguise. One
way to understand what they have in mind
is to consider the budget message which
Harry S. Truman, in his last important act
as President, will shortly submit to Congress.'
This Truman budget message will leave
a sort of ghostly Truman imprint on the
Eisenhower regime, since the budget and
the policy of any administration are two
sides of thersame coin. And astute Demo-
crats are. rather slyly aware that this
Truman budget will be no political asset
to the Eisenhower administration.
According to reliable report, Truman will
ask much less for defense appropriations
than is generally anticipated. For purposes
of comparison, Truman in his last budget
message asked Congress to appr6priate a
total of $86 billion, of which about $57 bil-
lion was for American defense and mutual
aid. Congress actually appropriated about
a whopping $12 billion or so less than he
asked last year, and, $7 billion less than
Congress actually appropriated.
At first glance, this may look like good
news for the Eisenhower administration. In
fact, it is nothing of the sort. As far as ap-
propriations are concerned, even the most
economy-minded members of Congress will
hardly be able to point to the Truman bud-
get message as evidence of wild extrava-
gance. But the most economy-minded mem-
bers of Congress are by no means necessarily
the best judges of the wisest level of defense
This matter of the wisdom of the.pro-
posed cutbacks is another and vitally im-
portant matter. Here it is enough to say
that President Eisenhower, after a good
hard look at some of the skeletons left in
President Truman's closet, may very well
decide to ask for higher defense appropri-
ations than those requested in Truman's
budget message. And the spectacle of a
Republican President asking Congress for
more money than a Democratic President
wolntA hp4 hii A cn , . on Tmo,,.
THIS FILM, now 'several years old but
making its perennial appearance, brings
out some of the best and worst habits of
Grand Opera. Many of its defects are due
to technical faults of the production. Much
of the music, including the famous Figaro
aria, "Largo ad Factotum," was blurred be-
cause the sound equipment was not suffici-
ent to carry the greater vibrations and in-,
tensities of the voice.
Many avoidable cuts, unhappily coming
just before the ends of different sections,
left the music unresolved. In expectation
of the final chord, the audience was has-
tened into the next section. In fact the
total effect was of being rushed through
the whole performance, instead of being
able to sit back and enjoy it.
The film was also defective in coordinat-
ing the visual image with the sound track.
The opening aria, "ecco Ridente," was se-
verely damaged as Tagliavini was singing
with big tones while the screen showed him
barely opening his mouth.
Taken as a whole the performance of
the music was excellent. Looking beyond
the technical imperfections, one could see
that the production was conceived in the
boisterous, satirical spirit of Italian opera
buffa. Lending admirably to the scene were
Tajo, as Don Basilio, and Gobbi, as Figaro,
the cunning and garrulous, barber.
Dramatically the film doesn't attempt to
exploit the vast potential of the cinema.
The conventional and constant settings of
the opera's stage productions are kept, the
only difference being in the utilizing of cam-
era angles and close-ups which are denied
the proscenium theatre. It would be ethical,
in transferring operas from the stage to
the screen, to use the greater scenic possi-
bilities of the motion picture. In this case,
with four indoor scenes, it would be more
difficult. Still, more imaginative settings
(Continued from Page 2)
at the Union at 7:30. Important dis-
cussions and elections of officers for
spring semester. Members and inter-
ested students are invited.
J-Hop Cormittee will meet in Room
3-D of the Union at 7 o'clock.
Congregational Disciples Guild. Tea
at Guild House 4:30-6:00. The study
group on The Sermon on the Mount
will meet for the last time tonight.
Professor weaver willslead the meet-
ing, 7:15-8:15, Guild House.
U. of M. Rifle Club will meet at 7:15
at the R.O.T.C. Rifle Range.
Christian Science Organization. Tes-
timonial meeting, 7:30. Upper Room.
Ballet Club. There will not be a meet-
ing of the Ballet Club tonight. The
next meeting will be Tues., Jan. 6.
Student Players. There will be try-
outs for February production of "Phil-
adelphia story" by Philip Barry. Mich-
igan League, Tues., Dec. 16, 7:30 to 9:30
Newman Club is sponsoring a carol-
ing party. All carolers are. to meet in
the Clubrooms of St. Mary's Chapel
and then go in a group to St. Joseph's
Hospital to sing to the patients.
Literary College Conference. Steering
Committee meeting, 4 p.m., 1010 Angell
La Tertulia of La Sociedad Hispanica
meets today 3:30 to 5:00 in the Rumpus
Room of the League.
Sophomore Cabaret Stunt Commit-
tee meeting at 3:15 in the League. Im-
Sophomore Cabaret Decorations Com-
mittee meeting, at 7:15 in the League.
westminster Guild Christmas Ves-
per Service at 5 o'clock in the Sanctu-
ary of the First Presbyterian Church,
Folk Dance Workshop. Tips, tech-
niques, and practice for those who
want to call squares and teach folk
dances. Everyone invited to come and
dance, Lane Hall, 7:30 p.m.
S.R.A. Council, 5 p.m., Lane Hall.
Business meeting, Chanuka-Christmas
U. of M. Aviation Club will meet
Wed. at 7:30 p.m., 1500 East Engineer-
ing Building. Anyone interested in
learning to fly or in getting cross-
country time, both at reduced rates,
is cordially invited. Call Dick Fox,
3-0521, Ext. 310, for any additional in-
Sophomore Cabaret meeting for the
Central Committee and all floorshow
Wed.. Dec. 17. at 7:30 in the League. It
the Hospital. Refreshments and carol.
ing parties to follow.
Undergraduate Botany Club will meet
Wedgy Dec. 17, at 7:30 in 1139 Natural
Science. Dr. Dansereau will be our
speaker. It is important that all mem-
bers attend, since elections will be held
for next semester's officers.',
Wesley Foundation. Morning 14atin
Wed., Dec. 17, 7:30-7:50. Mid-Week Re-
fresher Tea, 4:00-5,'30.
Society for Peaceful Alternatives.
Meeting Wed,, Dec. 17. 7:30 at the
Michigan League.eTohru Ishlmitsu, a
Japanese student, will give an eye-
witness account of the Hiroshima
atom-bombing. Wym Price and other
'guitarists will sing peace songs and the
coming all-campus peace conference
will be discussed,
Westminster Guild Christmas Vesper*
Service at 5 o'clock wednesday in the
Sanctuary of the First Presbyterian
Rpger Williams Guild. Meeting for
mediation and breakfast Thursday
morning at 7 a.m. Discussion of our
Guild program and the place of our
Guild on the campus. We are anxious
to meet with all Baptist students.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Crawford Young.......Managing Editor
Barnes Connable.........City Editor
Cal Sam ra.......... Editorial Director
Zander Hollander ...... Feature Editor
Sid Klaus.......Associate City Editor
Harland Britz ......... Associate ' Editor
Donna Hendleman.....Associate Editor
Ed Whipple.............Sports Editor
John Jenks...Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell.. Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler........Wowen's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Aseoc. Women's Editor
Al Green........... Business Manager
Milt Goetz.,.......Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston .., Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg ... Finance Manager
Tom Treeger...Circulation Manager