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February 20, 1953 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1953-02-20

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1953

U _________________________________________________________________________ I ______________ ________________________________________ U

Shady Medical
Practices

BOOK

REVIEW:

Big Operator

By SID KLAUS
Associate City Editor
AN INDICATION THAT the medical pro-
fession itself is beset with an internal
illness was demonstrated this week when
Dr. Paul Hawley, director of the American
College of Physicians and Surgeons, charged
in a copyrighted article in "U.S. News and
World Report" magazine, that the public
would be shocked if it knew the number of
unnecessary operations performed by dis-
honest doctors, and the amount of fee-
splitting, exorbitant charging and use of
ghost surgery being practised.
The blast drew denials of varying de-
grees from prominent members of the
medical profession in this area. Here in
Ann Arbor Dr. William Brace, of Health
Service, said that most of the malpractices
occur in large cities rather than in small
towns, and that there was "less medical
cheating than formerly." In Detroit, Dr.
Edward Spalding, president of the Wayne
County Medical Society, said that such
unethical practices do not exist, to his
knowledge, in the Wayne County area,
though he added, that "there may be some
rotten apples in the barrel."
None of the men contacted, however, said
the charges were entirely without basis, and.
in fact, some doctors in this area emphati-
cally agreed with the article.
The situation is one that requires imme-
diate investigation, preferably, as Dr. Haw-
ley suggests, from within the profession it-
self. For stories of unethical medical prac-
tices, usually accorded little attention, now
take on new significance when they find
corroboration in a national magazine ar-
ticle written by a prominent and responsible
doctor. And if no construtive action is
taken, these stories will be recalled with
every visit to the doctor's office, and with
the receipt of every bill for medical ser-
vice. And this will serve only to enlarge the
gap between patient and doctor, in a re-
lationship, which by its very nature, can
be beneficial only with a goodly amount of
common faith.
The offenders, when uncovered, should
be dealt with severely, for they have not
only cheated, lied and extorted, but as
holders of an MD degree they have vio-
lated an understood trust with the public.
Though medical ethics and ideals have
been pooh-poohed even among members
of medical school admission boards, the
profession should not be entered by those.
with mercenary interests.
It is indeed unfortunate that this small,
greedy minority of doctors exists, men who
are helping to erode the faith in the medi-
cal profession, which at the present time
stands ready to offer its greatest service to
man
'SALACIOUS & LURID'
The Press in
The Jelke Trial
WHEN GENERAL SESSIONS Judge Fran-
cis L. Valente ordered his thirteenth-
floor courtroom cleared of all spectators and
reporters last Monday at the opening of the
vice trial of Minot F. (Mickey) Jelke, he
initiated a step which has been long in
coming.
Through his action, Judge Valente has
brought to public attention the serious
and pressing problem of the lack of news-
paper responsibility in objectively report-
ing criminal cases.
Judge Valente offered as his reason for
taking this action 'the protection of public
morals." This is a rather flimsy reason
for the banning. The only valid reason fo
barring the press must stem from the neces-
sity of preventing irresponsible and sensa-
tional reporting from crucifying the defep-
dents standing trial.

In many past cases, lawyers have felt that
they were engaged in two cases at once--
trial by jury and trial by press. This is a
direct result of the press' influence on jurors
in such cases and valid proof of the role
they play.
Sensationalism through the press often
rivals the judicial process by influencing
those who will have to hand -down the ver-
dict.
Freedom of the press is not an absolute
privilege devoid of responsibility. It car-
ries with it an obligation to report ac-
curately and objectively.
The action on the part of Judge Valente
should serve as a warning to newspapers
that unless they abandon their sensational-
istic reportorial ways, the press will be find-
ing itself encountering similar restrictions
on its coverage of such trials in the future.
-Larry Sukenic
W OEVER DEGRADES another degrades
me,
And whatever is done or said returns at
last to me.
-Walt Whitman, Song of Myself

Allan Seager
AMOS BERRY, a novel by Allan Sea-
ger, published by Simon & Schuster.
"R EVOLUTIONS,"Professor Allan Seag(
says in his new book, "are not alwa:
made in the neat dry logical manner Leni
says they are. Only Marxist revolutions d(
mand a Marx to define the opposition an
a Lenin to manage them. We see only wh:
we have learned to see and any given per
iod gets the revolutions of which it is car
able . . . When enough women find the spii
ach in the cellophane sacks spoiled and an
moniac when they get it home from tl
store, when enough people are turned awe
sick from hospitals, not because they a
poor but kecause their admittance car
are not up to date, when enough childre
begin to grumble because they cannot ur
derstand the jokes on television, or whe
enough clerks, male or female, with on
high school educations are sent to the la
inevitable warehouse to oversee the eventu
burning of the files of their companies, the
they will begin to act. Then (Amos Berry'
act will be pointed to in all its consequences
Amos Berry's act in this, Seager's thir
novel is the calculated murder of his em
ployer. Its motiveless violence stemming
as it does from a small-town busines
executive directed outward at an inoffen
sive "boss" is the symbol and theme o
Seager's "Amos Berry," a Book Find Clul
selection for March.
It is, as the above section suggests,
passionately written book. It provides
focus for the latent potential of Seager
earlier books, as the jacket statement
the publisher indicates. Curiously enoug
however, "Amos Berry" is not only unse
tling as sociology, but largely unsatisfyir
as fiction.
It is a "big book," a very even book, b
not the book it ought to'be. Why?
To return to the passage quoted, first o
all it is thematically a book of revolutioi
but spiritually only a boot of protest. I
other words, there is a difference in writ
ing about the discovery of the spoiled spin
ach and the action taken as a result o
the discovery. Seager seems to assay
book about the latter, but becomes bog
ged down in the elaborate horror of th
spinach. Instead of finding the char
acters and events which will tell a stor
of drama and conflict, Seager describe
how one static middle class individua
faces an impersonal world . The crime i
incidental. Throughout, there is no dram
because characters in this world seldon
meet on the same plane. If they did, i
would not matter. At best, it is a rebel
lion of the neutral against the negativ
with nothing at stake because no one ha
anything of any value to lose.
The murder therefore is an isolated eve
in a vacuum, lacking any positive moral a
mosphere in which the crime may reverbe
ate. Because the fight nominally is again
the "sanctity of organization," no charact

s 'Amos Berry'
- of human evil (or goodness, incidentally)
is allowed to involve us emotionally.
er The novel, consequently, becomes a ve-
ys hicle for mere didacticism once it leaves a
in purely "protest" springboard.
e' At the "protest" level, the book is most
1d interesting as a further step in Seager's re-
at action against "organization" and "abstrac-
r- tionism," traceable through his earlier nov-
p- els. "The Inheritance" suggested the frus-
tration of'small town living was due to the
n replacement of the old-time frontier by mo-
- dern social organizations. In Seager's first
he novel, "Equinox" the abstractions and "or-
ay ganizations" of a psychiatrist are attacked.
re Even at the "protest" level, however,
the characters are substantially sacrificed
en to the sociology (as they were not in
n- "Equinox"). Amos himself is given first
n an apparent victory with the blooming
ly of his farm; but then for moral sop, is
st handed a puzzling postprandial defeat.
al Charles Berry, the narrator, is never re-
n alized. One presumes that Seager had
s) sound symbolic reasons for choosing as an
." emanuensis "the poet" and "the son." In
investing the father with the son's sensi-
tivity, however, Seager confuses the two
g protagonists and, although effecting a
curious duality in what seems to be a
-s single hero, actually leaves both Amos and
Charles half a man.
b Also, if Charles's marriage and baby is
meant to be an affirmative fruit of his
a new "understanding," what makes his fam-
a ily better than the bourgeois family, per se?
r's Because Charles will continue to be a "Po-
of et?" Because he refuses to make adjust-
h ments? Or is this, too, ironically ephemeral
,t as Charles indicates when he awakes the
ng morning after his wedding, feeling "shrewd
and cunning" because he "had put some-
thing over, stolen something. What? One
lt day, at least, from Fortune?"
Charles' effectiveness as a character is
'f also limited by his capacity for author
n omniscience which, in spite of device ex-
n planations, dilute him too often into a
- mere device. "His" perceptions, too, are
- frequently excessive in number. A great-
f er selectivity of perceptions might have
a better emphasized some brilliantly vivid
- ones, eliminated others that are little
e orethan cliches of the proletarian no-
- vel. Too often perhaps Seager catalogues
y the things he dislikes much as Whitman
's does the things he loved.
tl
is But these are secondary criticisms. The
a primary one remains that Professor Seager
m has, in spite of his expert technical facility,
it written a book that is disappointing. He
. has undertaken to involve us in that mo-
e ment "when enough women find the spin-
s~ ach in the cellophane sacks spoiled." That
is an ambition enterprise of wide implica-
tion. Whether or not one shares Seager's
nt faith in the moment, his actual provision is
no more than an interesting horticultural
r- analysis of what horrible stuff spinach is.
1st -William Wiegand
er (Courtesy of Slater's)

r .,
0/" gR~

ttt'g4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

J
7
1

U

40.9stwe wseweav,4 +war ar.

MAEHR OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP

+ DANCE +

WASHINGTON-The basic Administration policy is to disengage
T the Western forces, and particularly the American forces, now
tied down in local wars in the Far East. For this purpose, South
Koreans are to be substituted for Americans in the line in Korea and
the Free Indo-Chinese Army is to be powerfully strengthened. The
Asians are to fight Asians, insofar as possible, as President Eisen-
hower suggested during his campaign.
This clearly rules out the kind of costly and, grinding local
offensive in Korea that has been advocated by den. James Van
Fleet. To complete the record, however, it must be added that
other moves against the Chinese Communists are not yet excluded.
In judging the gamble in such moves, it is wise to remember
that the policy of the enemy is not absolutely fixed. Indeed, the most
significant Soviet reaction to President Eisenhower's election clearly
hinted that the Kremlin might moderate its Far Eastern policy, ra-
ther than allow the Far Eastern war to widen. This was implied by
the exceedingly curious but hitherto unremarked behavior of the So-
viet Ambassador to Washington, Georgi N. Zarubin, immediately
following the December interview in which Stalin declared he would
like to meet with President Eisenhower.
Zarubin, it must be remembered, is an official automaton, who
does what he is told, says what he is told, and quite probably thinks
what he is told. From September, when he presented his credentials,
until the issuance of the Stalin interview in mid-December, this new
Soviet Ambassador might just as well have been on the other side of
the moon as in Washington, D.C. The Stalin interview was, of course,
the Kremlin's maturely considered public reaction to the November
voting in this country.
Following the interview, the formerly clam-like Zarubin sud-
denly and somewhat astonishingly began talking politics with his-
fellow Ambassadors here in Washington, conspicuously including
the Ambassadors of the leading Western allies. These talks all
followed about the same pattern.
Zarubin commonly opened by referring to Stalin's "important"
statement, which he described as "sincere, really sincere." He ex-
patiated on the improvement in the situation that might result from
a resumption of East-West negotiations. He particularly emphasized
the possibility of a peace in Korea, although at that time Andrei
Vishinsky had just ruthlessly rejected India's attempt to achieve a
Korean compromise in the U.N.
Zarubin did not ignore this recent event. Instead, he brushed the
U.N. debate scornfully aside, intimating. that serious negotiations
could not be carried on in any such public market-place as the U.N.
Assembly. He remarked that the Panmunjom talks had already pro-
duced "complete agreement" about a Korean armistice, except on the
thorny issue of the exchange of prisoners. Without entering into de-
tail, he predicted that the prisoner issue could also be compromised
with ease.
. The impression conveyed by Zarubin was strengthened by
the lesser members of the Soviet Embassy staff, who sought out
their colleagues of equal rank to tell the same story. One of the
attaches even asked his opposite numbers in the British and
French Embassies, "what was wrong with President Eisenhower?
Did he not wish to meet with Marshal Stalin? Did Eisenhower
really want war?"
' There were some curious features in these conversations. To one
colleague, for instance, Zarubin declared that the Eisenhower admin-
istration would be "very strong-there are so many big business men."
There were also some suspicious features. For example, Zarubin
talked more in terms of another meeting of the French, British, So-
viet and American Foreign Ministers than of a direct meeting be-
tween Stalin and Eisenhower. Obviously for French consumption, he
repeated the well-worn Soviet hint of a German settlement as well
as a Korean settlement. There were reasons, in short, to regard Zar-
ubin's behavior as another diplomatic red herring.
On its face, nonetheless, Zarubin's behavior would seem to
confirm the report that Ambassador George F. Kennan sent from
Moscow before his expulsion. Many months ago, Kennan, the al-
leged advocate of passive containment, began to express the view
to the State Department that the only way to get peace in Ko-
rea was to make the war there more costly for the enemy. He
added that mere intention to do this, if it were a firm intention,
might bring results.
The basic policy which President Eisenhower and Secretary of
State John Foster Dulles have now adopted, instead, to make the
struggle in the Far East less costly for this country and the West.
(Copyright, 1953, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)

The Philly Story .. .
To the Editor:
WE ATTENDED the opening
night performance of "The
Philadelphia Story" on Wednes-
day; so did Tom Arp. We felt that
this was one of the finest dra-
matic performances of the cur-
rent season. We may be wrong,
but it seemed that the rest of the
audience shared our enthusiasm.
It is hard to say how Tom Arp
felt about it. When we read the
drama review in Thursday's Daily,
we thought, at first, that Arp
agreed with us. But on reading a
bit more of his lengthy discussion,
it was hard to tell just what he
was trying to say.
As other letter writers have
mentioned, Mr. Arp seems to feel
that it is a critic's duty to counter
any favorable comment with ex-
cessive fault-finding. On the ba-
sis of Mr. Arp's inconsistent re-
marks it is impossible to decide
whether or not a production is
worthwhile. It's too bad that so
much good entertainment, like
"The Philadelphia Story," may
be missed by those who use Mr.
Arp's reviews as a guide.
-Richard Evans '53 B.Ad.
Stephen Angelescu, '53
Felice V. Agnifilo
* * *
IFC Statement.. ..
To The Editor:
RECENT EDITORIAL comment
has criticized the Michigan
fraternity system on the basis of
selectivity. One editorial writer in
particular cited clauses in certain
national fraternity constitutions.
The writer's information was in-
accurate, incomplete, and gath-
ered in a manner which is incon-
sistent with the Daily standard of
ethical journalism.
Selectivity involves only 14 of
Michigan's 44 fraternities, less
that one-third, yet it is unfortu-
nately used as condemnation for
the entire system. Twelve of these
fraternities held conventions last
summer at which time all but two
of the-local chapters either voted
for removal of the clauses or gave
such removal serious considera-
tion. That these attempts were
unsuccessful was due largely to
opposition from Southern chapters
and alumni. However, there is
reason to believe these attempts
will eventually meet with success,
especially in light of the fact that
during the past five years six
Michigan fraternities have re-
moved their clauses.
These factsare not sensational,
but they are encouraging and
certainly justify the educational
approach to this situation as out-
lined by President Hatcher last
Spring and employed by the In-
terfraternity Council.
To avoid any misunderstanding
during Rushing, there are three
reliabe sources of information
which the interested rushee is
urged to consult: (1) the Univer-
sity Counselor to fraternities, 1020
Administration Building, (2) an
IFC Rushing Counselor, Room
3C, Michigan Union, who is avail-
able from 3 to 5 p.m. each' day,
and (3) the individual fraternity
House President or Rushing Chair-
man, who will explain the frater-
nity's policy willingly.
-Peter G. Thorpe
President, IFC
* * *
African Coverage..
To The Editor:
LAST SATURDAY evening an
enthusiastic, packed house
heard a panel discussion "Africa
at the Crossroads" at the Inter-
national Center. Four African
students, representing the differ-
ent parts of that Continent spoke
of the problems in those areas.
Also included in the program was

an American, Dr. Davis, who gave
his views concerning the future
relations between the U.S. and
Africa. Professor Slosson chaired
the meeting.
It is regretable that so very lit-
tle-and only Dr. Davis' opinions
-was reported in The Daily. If
not for any other reason, surely
this is poor diplomacy! And might
I add, "discourtesy."
From both African and Ameri-
can standpoints, "U.S.-African re-
lations" are very important. For

any person to formulate an opin-
ion of this country's attitude or
policies towards another country,
it is absolutely necessary that all
relevant facts are in hand. And
we African students are helping
Americans understand us (and
vice versa), in an earnest attempt
to foster friendly relations with
the peoples of our two great con-
tinents. This is our primary pur-
pose.
But when the Michigan Daily-
a paper supposedly practising the
highest ethical propriety in com-
municating information to its
readers - gives only paltry, re-
stricted and very partial coverage
of the proceedings of the African
panel, I wonder if the time has
come to start "spring cleaning!"
This is not the first time - that
The Daily has failed to give the
African Union fair coverage. My
experience takes me back over
three semesters. Each time prom
ises were made and only feeble
excuses given.
The Daily can greatly assist in
cultivating better understanding
between Africans and Americans.
As a media of mass communica-
tions, a newspaper too, has its re-
sponsibilities. Why don't The
Daily editors and staff wake up to
this fact?
Africa, in her rapid progress
forward is selecting her allies.
Don't say I didn't give you a big
"scoop!"
-L.YV. Naidoo
Fraternities.
To the Editor:
IN WEDNESDAY'S issue of the
Daily, Mr. Louis R. Zako of
South Quad wrote a letter in which
he deplored the attitude of an ed-
itor on the Daily concerning the
advantages of fraternities. Inti-
mating that the advantages of
Michigan's "antiquated fraternity
houses" are practically nil, he con-
cluded with a note of pity for the
editor's sacrifice in living in a
fraternity house when he could be
enjoying the facilities of South
Quad.
In the face of his letter it would
appear that Mr. Zako is writing
on shaky ground. Granted he has
had the advantage of viewing fra-
ternity life through several "ex-
tremely dull and stuffy fraternity
parties and dances." On the other
hand the editor was lucky enough
to spend two semesters in South
Quad.
When "involuntary participa-
tion in campus activities" is hint-
ed at, one wonders what Mr. Zako
had in mind. According to William
Zerman, Assistant to the Dean of
Students, no fraternity one cam-
pus has any program which forces
niembers to participate in campus
activities.
Perhaps Kako's intimations that
fraternities sacrifice the homelike
atmosphere and the friendliness
of such a rustic little bungalow. as
the South Quad would assume
more logical proportions if they
are taken as only his feelings and
not those of the average quadman.
It is hard to believe that the ma-
jority of men there feel a Quad is
more typical of home than a build-
ing housing thirty men, serving
meals family style, and allowing
complete freedom in dress and ac-
tions.
-Jack Jacobs and Mil Pryor
BEHOLD HOW good and pleas-
ant it is for brethen to dwell
together in untiy.
-Psalm 133:1

BENNINGTON DANCE GROUP at Bar-
bour Gym.
TO BACKGROUNDS OF music, poetry,
and pony tails, the Bennington College
Dance Group, on Wednesday evening, of-
fered an exciting program of thirteen mo-
dern dance numbers. The group, which
consists of nine girls and one boy, is now on
a five week tour of the east and mid-west.
The dances, all of which were chore- j
ographed by the students themselves, can
loosely be divided into three categories.
The first, "pattern" dance, where the
theme and variations of the dance move-
ments followed the musical construction
and mood, was exemplified by the classi-
cal "Balladetta" and the exuberant "Ju-
bilee."
The second, solo dance, portraying spe-
cific emotional expressions, displayed op-
portunities for individual interpretations.
A Proposal
For the Union
THE CESSATION OF activities by local
sandwich peddlers following the wave
of gastro-intestinal "upsets" which swept
the campus last week, might well prove a
highly profitable opportunity for a forward
looking Union.
The sandwich service which netted a
very tidy profit in its day could be very
effectively operated through the kitchen
facilities of the Union. These facilities
undergo a regular inspection removing
the danger of food contamination, now
the chief hazard of the individually own-
ed outfits.

The "Changeling" .was such a dance, in
which the awkward and searching move-
ments depicted the growth and changes of
an adolescent boy.
In the third, narrative dance, the move-
ments were directed towards the telling of a
particular incident. With a greater empha-
sis on costumes, characterizations, and set-
tings, the "Dove's Nest" humorously des-
cribed life in the Victorian era.
Throughout the program all of the
dancers showed a professional stage pre-
sence. Of particular mention, Ruth Lieb-
ling, who choreographed her dance, "Bal-
ladetta," to the music of C. P. E. Bach,
showed a profound understanding of the
intracacies of the composer's style. Aileen
Passloff moved with grace and magnifi-
cence through such varying dances as
"Duologe" and "Mirage," and Yvonne .
Franz exhibited a precision and loveliness
in her movements.
Two main criticisms of the program was
that it was overloaded with the serious ele-
ment and short selections. It would have
been improved with one or two additional
lighter or comical dances, and the inclu-
sion of a longer work. Also the performance
of the male dancer was not sufficient as a
contrasting element to the female dancers.
On the positive side it must be noted
that the various styles showed an indi-
viduality and were free from a uniform
type of movement, which often results in
students of one school and technique.
As for the Women's Physical Education
department, we would like to suggest that
if the opportunity arises again for present-
ing the Bennington Dance Group, that this
opportunity be extended to a larger group
of people by greater and more vigorous pub-
licity and a larger hall. After looking at
the inspired and expressive movements of

[D:AILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN1

Sixty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Crawford Young. ..... Managing Editor,
Barnes Connable............City Editor
Cal Samra............Editorial Director
Zander Hollander......Feature Editor
Sid Klaus........ Associate City Editor
Harland Britz.......Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman.....Associate Editor
Ed Whipple...........Sports Editor
John Jenks......Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell....Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler......Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Business Staff
Al Green..........Business Manager
Milt Goetz....... Advertising Manager.
Diane Johnston....Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg.......Finance Manager
Harlean Hankin. ....Circulation Manager

(Continued from Page 2)
Events Today
Roger Williams Guild. I.M. Party.
Meet at 7 p.m. at the Guild House to go
in a group for swimming and other
sports to the Sports Building. Bring
ID cards and wear your "roughing

Wesley Foundation. Hockey game par-
ty Friday. Meet in the Lounge at 7:30.
La Sociedad Hispanica. Weekly Ter-
tulia will now meet every Friday from
3:30 to 5:00 in the Rumpus Room at
the League.
International Coffee Hour sponsored
by Inter-Guild, the Office of the Prot-
estant Counselor to Foreign Students
and S.R.A., at Lane Hall, 4:15 to 5:30

English. Other productions include
Pirandello's amusing comedy "Right
You Are If You Think You Are," Mar.
25-28; Puccini's opera "Madame But-
terfly," April 16, 17, 20, and 21; and
D'Usseau and Gow's modern drama
"Deep Are the Roots." Special reduced
rates for students. Box office open daily
from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Newman Club. Cardinal Newman Day,
Feb . 2.il h ncommemratdw ith a

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