THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SINbiAi?, kF xiAAA 15, 19x3
NOTE TO RUSHEES:
The Bias Clause Fraternities
ODAY MARKS the beginning of fra-
ternity rushing and Brotherhood Week,
>oth of which bring to mind the subject of
*reek bias clauses.
Discrimination is an ugly term to use
in describing the situation on campus,
but no other term can be adequately sub-
stituted for it. This idea of discrimination
is anathema to any forward-looking Uni-
versity community, and so it is gratifying
to see an increased number of fraternity
men working to rid their local chapters
of discriminatory practices.
However, many prospective rushees, par-
ticularly freshmen and sophomores, are
probably unaware that 13 University fra-
ternities have various types of bias clauses
n their constitutions barring certain racial
and religious elements from affiliation.
Therefore, it seems only fair that the
names of these fraternities be printed, along
with the particular religious and/or racial
groups discriminated against.
The information below was obtained Fri-
:ay from house presidents and members
of the respective fraternities via telephone
As revealed, the clauses of the following
1-Alpha Tau Omega. A clause barring
2-Delta Tau Delta. Accepts only Cau-
3-Kappa Sigma. Accepts only persons
of Caucasian race who profess a belief in
4-Lambda Chi Alpha. A clause barring
Jews and non-Caucasians.
5-Phi Delta Theta. Open only to white
6-Sigma Alpha Mu. Limited to Jews.
The following fraternities possess bias
clauses, the natures of which are not
5-Sigma Phi Epsilon.
It is unfortunate that rushees are not
formally informed of these facts prior to
rushing a house. Too often the rushee
suffers unwarranted embarrassment and
wounded feelings because of ignorance of
the existence of such clauses.
This is not the fault of the many mem-
bers of those houses who have diligently
fought to remove their bias clauses, but
rather to the narrow and bigoted policies
carried out at the national level by less-
b rotherhood, Fraternities
PERHAPS it is just coincidence that a col-
lege fraternity should choose to make a
stand against racial and religious prejudice
a few days before the advent of Brotherhood
Week (Feb. 15-22).
Everyone who plans to give more than
lip service to the ideals of Brotherhood
Week must applaud the members of the
Phi Delta Theta chapter at Williams Col-
lege who pledged a Jewish student in
defiance of a rule by the national fra-
ternity restricting membership to "white
and Aryan" students.
The national fraternity, with 115 chap-
ters in 43 states and six Canadian provinces,
promptly suspended the Williams chapter
for violating the discriminatory clause.
The Phi Delta Theta chapter at Brown
University announces it will support the
Williams group, inviting a similar sus-
mension by pledging a Negro or Jewish
The fight against bigotry is always laborl-
ous and painful. It is encouraging that this
fight should receive support from college
fraternities which are frequently accused of
being citadels of racial, religious and eco-
-The Detroit Free Press
VTHE PAST, it has been the custom in
these columns for a disillusioned or
merely disappointed fraternity member of
several years experience to sourly reflect
on the merits and demerits of the system.
While there has been more to these state-
ments than most Greeks would care to ad-
mit at the outset of rushing, this writer
still believes after two and a half years in a
local club that the benefits outweigh the
drawbacks in the fraternity system.
There is no need to run through the
tired old arguments about better food and
facilities. Until the University builds dor-
mitories In the form of 40 or 60 man sep-
arate houses whose members determine
their own budget, food requirements, needs
and rules, the fraternities will have super-
ior facilities, both physically and in the
realm of the intangibles such as "home-
like atmosphere," friendliness" and so on.
It is far more valid to make a comparison
of how well the various housing groups con-
tribute to an individual's educational exper-
ience. By educational experience is meant
the academic, social and campus activities,
factors which make a university education
In providing personnel help and coun-
seling, the Greeks give far more aid to their
fellow members along academic lines, while
in quads, freshmen and sophomores are
more or less left to themselves. The social
programs are better organized, less artificial
and more fun in fraternities and one look
at campus activities will attest to the fact
that Greeks get out and do more than in-
dependents. This is no accident; participation
in campus affairs is supported and en-
couraged in most fraternities.
Granted that immaturity and mental
stagnation are the mark of many frater-
nity men, we only need turn to the quads
for their independent counterpart. For
every pledge prank, there is a similar quad
water fight; for every white-bucked, in-
tolerant Greek, there is a similarly typed,
Thus on all counts the fraternities are
providing a more worthwhile educational ex-
perience than Quad house mothers and
Quad governments have ever done or prom-
ise to do.
WASHINGTON-Secretary of State Dulles
told Senators in private session last
week that he has put our European allies
on notice that theyhad better make "pro-
gress" toward a United European Army
by the next NATO meeting April 23 or face
reduction in American aid.
If Western Europe cannot pull together,
Dulles said he had warned Europe, the
United States may be forced to fall back
to a "periphery defense." This would mean
deserting continental Europe and con-
centrating our defense behind the Pyre-
nees Mountains in Spain and across the
English Channel in Britain.
This was the substance of Dulles's re-
port behind closed doors to the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee.
"We have given the ball to the Europeans,
and it is theirs to carry," he told the sen-
The trouble is, he said, that Germany,
France, Italy, Holland, Belgium, and Lux-
embourg are waiting for each other to be
the first to ratify the European Defense
Community-first step toward an integrated
Senator Taft asked bluntly why it was
necessary to form an integrated army at
all, why Western Europe couldn't just go
on having independent national armies.
The Secretary of State went into a pains-
taking explanation, declaring that the de-
fense of Europe depended upon the "in-
tegration of German manpower." West
Germany's Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
doesn't want a national Germany Army,
and French Premier Rene Mayer won't tol-
erate one, Dulles reported. Though military
men are willing to rearm the Germans in-
dependently, he said, it would be politically
impossible to do so.
For one thing, Dulles pointed out, our
communications and supply lines pass
through France, and the French would put
up "passive resistance" if we tried to use
them to build an independent German
Taft then wanted to know what Dulles'S
objections were to a "periphery defense."
The Secretary of State replied that this
should be only a last resort in case the Euro-
pean Defense Community breaks down.
Dulles didn't let down his hair all the
way, but spoke mostly in generalities as he
briefed the Senate on his whirlwind Euro-
pean trip. He started off by stressing the
importance of European unity. The rea-
son for his trip, he said, was first to re-
assure the Europeans that our foreign pol-
icy wasn't overconcentrated in the Far
East; and, second, to halt the backsliding
.. 4, L',.ynxr. - eS n F nva
Look Up, Brothers!
LITTLE MAN ON CAMPUS.
Courtesy of The National Conference of Christians and Jews
On Brotherhood Week
By ROY A. ROBERTS
The Kansas City (Mo.) Star
NOT SINCE THE days of Adolf Hitler has the spirit which animates
our annual Brotherhood Week carried such significance for
Americans of every race and creed as it does again this year. It has
been evident for some time, of course, that organized intolerance was
being revived in postwar Europe under the Kremlin's auspices. But
the last twelve months have seen virtually open persecution of the
Jews in Communist countries added to the heavy disabilities long im-
posed there upon Roman Catholics.
Just as the infamous racial and religious policies practiced
by the Nazis impelled us to examine our own consciences in the
1930s, so now the apparent resurgence of those policies under
communism should furnish us a special incentive for more self-
criticism of the same variety. Fifteen years ago we were saying
that although human relations in the United States were still far
from perfect, our democratic system at least gave us an oppor-
tunity gradually to improve them through a common effort. In
mid-February, 1953, we might ask ourselves how well we have
employed that opportunity.
Statistics in this connection possess only a limited validity. As a
nation, we have certainly made some progress toward eliminating
prejudicial practices, especially as they pertain to Negroes and Asiatics.
But it is easier to correct a bad law than an undesirable attitude, and
many persons who sincerely believe themselves to be tolerant are so
only in theory-and toward anonymous groups. True brotherhood in-
volves the relationship of individual to individual. It concerns our
common, daily actions. By that test most of us could profitably do
a little soul-searching on our own, as we thank God we live in a land
dedicated to the preservation of human dignity and not in a dic-
tatorship, black or red, where personal rights count for nothing
against those of the state.
Ieti' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
51 A t MI-N
SIGNA PI NOT4I N6
"A riar"cncen f4hefraent s" t rigouvh
"A primary concern of the fraternity is to bring out the
individuality of typical American boys from every walk of life."
DAILY OFFICIAL, BULLETIN-,
aYes sirree, George, the Truth, Intellect, Jus"
tice, Integrity, Courage, Character and Virtue
of our herd is superior to the Truth, Intellect,
Justice, Integrity, Courage, Character, and Virtue
of all the other herds."
CURENT 1 MQv/iE
by Dick Bibler
At the Orpheum ...
DAVID HARUM, with Will Rogers.
THOSE WHO DON" already know that
the only thing Will Rogers knew was
what he read in the papers might find
David Harum profitable. For most other
people the film offers only occasional amuse-
The plot, concocted to show off Will
Rogers' homey wit is a series of thinly
connected episodes. Rogers plays the part
of a good-hearted, small town banker
who likes to do a little horse tradin' on
the side. One of his deal gets him a horse
named Cupid who trots only when pro-
voked by a refrain of Ra Ra Ra Boom
Harum enters the horse in a race. The
spectators shout the appropriate melody.
And Kent Taylor a "proud but poor young
man" and Louise Dresser, a rich and insis-
tent young lady, whose impending marri-
age seems to depend on the outcome of the
race, beam happily as Harum sings the
horse into a finish.
The intervening episodes vary in charm,
ranging from the delightful domestic scenes
between Harum and his maiden sister play-
ed by Evelyn Venable to the complete lack
of taste displayed in using a half-wit ser-
vant for supposedly comic effect.
The deacon played by Stepin Fetchit is
a fairly amusing character while the serv-
ant's sweetheart is another highly objec-
tionable, stereotyped characterization.
Much of Will Roger's speech in this
film sounds like carefully thought out
proverbs, and it is only occasionally that
he manages a few of the spontaneous-
sounding witicisms that made him such
a beloved comedian.
Directed by James Cruze; the film's only
value today is as a "historical interest" ob-
ject, and as an illustration of the product
and taste of a past generation.
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Dail' staff
At the State ...
THE CLOWN, with Red Skelton.
RED SKELTON has, on occasion,
himself capable of some very
performances, but has never been renowned
for the more serious side of his acting. In
"The Clown" this becomes his major task,
and he fails to measure up to it. When he
is being a comic he is hilarious, but he sim-
ply cannot sustain any semblance of the
The picture relies for the most part on
a saccharine sentimentality, and should
appeal to that portion of the audience
which enjoys a moist eye and a lump in
the throat; but it has nothing more than
this emotional attraction.
Since "The Clown" is a rather short
film-it seems that even the producers could
take only so much of it-the second part
of the program, aside from the usual ad-
denda, has been filled with a featurette en-
titled "The Hoaxters." This is probably one
of the most outright pieces of propaganda
to be put before the American film audience.
The essence of the half-hour long strip is
that all loyal and faithful Americans should
*loathe Communism in any form or context.
After proclaiming that it is built on
historical material and pure fact, the plc-
ture proceeds to base its case on a frame-
work of half-truths, generalizations and
false analogies. It begins by pointing to
Hitler, Mussolini and Tojo as arch-hoax-
ters and enemies of humanity-few would
quibble with this-and then adds Karl
Marx to its list. Lenin and Stalin are af-
forded the position of minor henchmen.
By reiterating platitudes and aphorisms
it makes it clear that democracy-true,
right, almost divine-and Communism-
hideous, malignant, and godless-are pre-
destined to come to blows. Democracy will
of course be victorious because it, they
say, has the backing of the people and
the sanction of God.
This picture in itself should be proof
enough that there is no basic difference in
Much Ado ...t
To the Editor:
AF'T'ER READING the short-i
sighted criticism on Ken Ro-
sen's portrayal of Dogberry in the
Arts Theater Club production of
"Much Ado About Nothing," I
couldn't let my opinion and the
opinion of the appreciative audi-
ence go unheard.
Our critic first remarked on Ken
Rosen on being frail and nervous,
and then in the next paragraph
tells us that "we see an unshaven,
handsome young man." Obviously
he was so undecided what he re-
ally saw that he even falsely re-;
membered Mr. Rosen sans mus-
tache, and hashed up his quips,
without really giving enough
thought to his criticism.
I found Ken Rosen's interpre-
tation of Dogberry refreshingly
different in contrast to the classi-
cal interpretation of an old senile
character. His portrayal of this
rustic bumpkin reflects the versa-
tile ability of a veteran actor, and
the self-confidence of an indi-
vidual unafraid to break away
from time worn tradition.
Although our critic's editorial
lacks the universal flavor of one
of -Shakespeare's famous observa-
tions, we can appropriately re-
gard it simply as one of "The
carping censures of the world."
-R. A. Dewey, '53
* * *
A YD in YR...
To the Editor:
THE RECENT election of Jasper
Reid to the Young Republican
presidency gives a positive reason
for Independents and dissatisfied
Democrats to join the Young Re-
Many students left the Young
Democratic club last semester
convinced their club has been
seized by the left-wing faction of
that believes (contrary to its op-
position) that unity is a result of
compromise with rather than tri-
umph over all opposing elements
in the party.
Many Independents and dissat-
isfied Democrats have felt that
Young Republican club, though
automatically makes them a Re-
publican. That is not true. The
Young Republican club, though
coordinating its activities with the
senior Republicans, is not an of-
ficial organ of the party. Joining
the Young Republicans, therefore,
only indicates a preference of the
Young Republicans over t h e
Young Democrats and does not
show any favoritism toward eith-
er the regular Republican or Dem-
* * *
To the Editor:
WAS intrigued by a recent ad-
vertisement in The Daily, ap-
pealing for aid in a worthwhile
project; raising the Monitor from
its watery grave. I have done con-
siderable calculating on this prob-
lem and offer the following sug-
gestions. The Monitor is shaped
like a half elipsoid, 172' long, 42.5'
wide, and 10.5' deep. The deck is
flush with the surface, and holds
a turret with two guns. The iron
sides are 9" thick and the deck,
1" thick. Elementary mathema-
tics shows the displacement to be
1440 tons while the weight is only
1255 tons. Hence, the buoyancy is
185 tons. So, to raise the Monitor,
we must merely remove 185 tons
This could most easily be done
by permitting divers to caulk all
the leaks, and then force in
enough ping-pong balls to dis-
place the requisite amount of wa-
ter. A simple calculation shows
there to be 296 ping-pong balls in
one cubic foot of ping-pong balls.
This is the equivalent of .3 cu. ft.,
of air. So we find that a mere,'
(Continued from Page 2) 1
In costume and make-up. Tickets will
be on sale tomorrow 10 a.m -8:30 p.m. at1
the box office, Hill Auditorium.
University Lecture. Schubert, Sonata
in B-Fiat Major, analysis and perform-
ance by Helen Titus, 4:15 Tues., Feb. 17,
in Auditorium A, Angell Hall.1
The Actuarial Review Class, Part II,
will meet Tues., Feb. 17, at 2:10 pm.1
in 3201 Angell Hall. Discussion of trig-
onometry and analytic geometry prob-
lems, and algebra test.E
Logical and Foundations Seminar.
The first meeting will be on Tues., Feb.E
17, in 3001 Angell Hall from 3:10-4:00)
p.m. to discuss the program for the1
second semester. Dr. Harary will talk
briefly on universal algebras.
Mathematics Colloquium. At 4 p.m.,
Mon., Feb. 16, 3011 Angell Hall, Profes-
sor Pierre Samuel of University of
Clermont-Ferrand, France, and Cor-
nell University, wil speak on a topic
in algebraic geometry.:
Make-up Examinations in History.
Sat., Feb. 28, 9:00-12:00 am., 429 Ma-
son Hall. Obtain written permission
from your instructor, and then sign
list in History Office.
History 110. The classroom for His-.
tory 110 has been changed to 2116 Nat
Geometry Seminar will meet onj
Wednesdays at 4:15 p.m. in 3001 Angell
Hall. First meeting will be on Wed. Feb.
Zoology Seminar. Haig H. Najaran
will speak on "Life History Study on
Echinoparyphium flexum (Linton),
(Trematoda: Echinostomidae), on Mon.,
Feb. 16, at 4 p.m., 2116 Natural Science
Seminar in Medical Sociology. An in-!
terdepartmental seminar, PH 209
(School of Public Health) is being of-
fered by the School of Public Health
in the spring semester 1953 In Medical
Sociology-the social organization of
health practices in an institutional
framework. The seminar will meet by
arrangement, and is offered for two
credits in the Graduate School. Ad-
mission will be by arrangement with
Dr. Axelrod or Mr. Darsky, 2539 School
of Public Health, University extension
2404; or with Dr. Willams, Depart-
ment of Sociology.
Health practices, particularly with
respect to the provision of medical
care, constitute a field of current con-
troversy, but the importance of the
field has not been reflected in systematic
scientific consideration. It Is believed
that an interdisciplinary approach
would iluninate the data and prob-
lem areas and, by bringing to bear so-
ciological concepts and methods, con-
tribute to the theoretical development
of an important social problem. Such a
conceptualization should also aid in
rounding out theories of social process.
The seminar will be oriented around
two considerations: (1) The structure
of the field of medical sociology-the
derivation and designation of the ma-
jor conceptual units. (2) The exami-
nation of specific topics. Among these
(a) The social organization of pro-
fessions: Medicine as a profession-
status, specialization, relation to oth-
er health professionals;
(b) The informal organization of
health practices: The private and vol-
untaristic aspects of health practice-
the roles of the patient, the voluntary
organizations, and the cult;
(c) The formal organization: Public
Health as a general concept and a gov-
ernment function, including its rela-
tion to medical practice and welfare ac-
There will be informal discussion of
papers on the topics chosen, which
should be selected with reference to
completing the conceptualization as
well as the availability of data and
The University Extension Service an-
nounces that enrollment is still open
in the following Monday and Tuesday
evening classes offered in the Ann Ar-
bor extension program. Registration
may be made between 6:30 and 9:45
p.m., Monday through Thursday this
week, in 165 Business Administration
Electron-Tube Circuits. Design of
electronic circuits for "specific applica-
tions such as computers, welding con-
trols, .and motor controls. Basic theory
and analysis of practical circuits will
be presented. Laboratory exercises will
heat treatment of aluminum alloys and
steels, joining and hot-working proc-
esses (including welding and barying),
hardenability and grain size. (Poduc-
tion Engineering I, laboratory only, one
hour credit.) Instructor: Prof. Frank
W. Sowa. Sixteen weeks, $30. 7:00-10:00
p.m. 3313. East Engineering Builing.
Primitive Art. Art of primitive peo-
ples, prehistoric and recent, including
Africa, the Pacific Islands, and the
^mericas. Lectures, slides, films, art
objects. Instructor: Grace Beardsley.
Eight weeks, $8. 7:30 p.m. 1402 Mason
Social Psychology of Organizations.
The functioning of social organizations
such as industries, businesses, unions,
and other institutions will be studied
from the point of view of social psy-
chology. A psychological approach will
be taken to processes of decision-mak-
ing, to policy formation, and to methods
of activating decisions and policies.
The following topics will be discussed
methods of administration, systems of
communication, economic and psycho-
logical factors in labor-management re-
lations (incentive systems, etc.), and
training theories and methods. Instru-
tor: Gerald M. Mahoney. Sixteen weeks,
$18. 7:30 p.m. 176 Business Administra-
The Modern Novel. Discussion and
lectures on key works of modern Eng-
lish and American fiction by Joseph
Conrad, Ford Madox Ford, D. H. Lawr-
ence, Henry James, Ernest Hemingway,
William Faulkner, James Joyce, E. M.
Forster, and others to be chosen bythe
class. Through these authors the class
will explore the dominant social and
intellectual forces which have shaped
literature in our time. Instructor:
Franklin M. Dickey. Eight weeks, $6.
7:30 p.m. 170 Business Administration
Europe Since 4919. The post-Wdrrld
War I settlement; its commendable as-
pects and Its deficiencies; efforts of the
powers to ensure lasting peace; the
great depression of 1929 and itseffects
on European politics; the weakening of
liberalism and the rise of authoritar-
ian and totalitarian states; causes and
course of World War II; developments
since 1945. The objective will be the un-
derstanding of the present general situ-
ation and the position of the United
States and the American citizen in
the face of Russia and Communism.
(History 92. two hours undergraduate
credit). Instructor: Prof. Karl H. Reich-
enbach. Sixteen weeks, $18. 7:30 p.m.
177 Business Administration Building.
Measuring and Gaging. Inspection
principles, measuring and gaging equip-
ment, and the nature of variables of
machining processes requiring control.
Class period is devoted to lectures and
discussions, with laboratory demon-
strations. Instructor: Robert M. Caddell.
Sixteen weeks, $18. 7:00-9:00 pm.. 2310
and 2300 East Engineering Building.
Practical Public Speaking. For the
student who desires a course devoted
exclusively to training in public
speaking rather than a basic course in
the whole field of speech. Study analy-
sis, practice and criticism designed to
promote the acquisition of proficiency
in extemporaneous speaking. May be
taken for credit or without credit. Lim-
ited to thirty persons. (Speech 31, two
hours undergraduate credit.) Instruc-
tor: Paul E. Cairns Sixteen weeks, $18.
7:30 p.m. 1429 Mason Hall.
scientific Living. The fundamentals
of semantics, with special reference
(Continued on Page 6)
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