THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, MAY f, 1953
BEHIND THE LINES
*The Case of Professor Lattimore
By CAL SAMRA
Daily Editorial Director
FOR NEARLY three years, Prof. Owen Lat-
timore (formerly known as "Far East-
ern expert" and now known simply as "Johns
Hopkins lecturer") has been winding his
torturous way through a bevy of Congres-
sional Committees. Accused, among other
things, of being the chief architect of our
"disastrous" Far Eastern policy and "the
top Soviet espionage agent in this country,"
Lattimore has denied these charges with a
dogged persistence, which, on the surface,
appears to be sincere.
Last December Lattimore was indicted
on seven counts of perjury before the Sen-
ate Internal Security subcommittee, and
it looked very much like the government
finally had strapped the fiery pedagogue
over a barrel. But Saturday, Lattimore
got a new lease on life when federal
judge Luther W. Youngdahl struck out
four of the seven counts, and indicated
that the other three would probably not
stand up in court.
This writer is not in a position to pass
judgment on six of the charges against Lat-
timore, but the reason why Judge Younghahl
threw out the first and primary count-the
allegation that Lattimore committed per-
jury in denying that he was a "sympathizer
or promoter of Communist interests"-is of
singular interest. In terming this count "fat-
ally defective," Youngdahl added:
"It seems to the court that this charge
is so nebulous and indefinite that a jury
would have to indulge in speculation in
order to arrive at a verdict. Sympathies
and belief and what they mean to dif-
ferent individuals involve concepts that
are highly nebulous and speculative at
best. I presume that a person could sym-
pathize with a belief and still not believe.
... It is fundamental that a jury should
not be asked to determine an issue which
can be decided only on conjecture."
Judge Youngdahl's legal wisdom in throw-
ing out this count is obvious enough. In this
case, no jury could conceivably be qualified
to evaluate those thoughts of the profes-
sor which are public property, and less so
to divine his inner thoughts-thereby as-
certaining that Lattimore either is or is
not a Communist sympathizer.
LATTIMORE'S case has been a very curious
one. Essentially, it spotlights the prob-
lem embodied in the question: where does
Composition Forumn. ..
IN A RECENT articles Gian-Carlo Menotti
wrote: "Americans have always concerned
themselves more with the possession and
display of art rather than the production
of it. In music, especially, they take great
pride in their orchestras and in the men
who interpret music for them, but they have
always relegated the composer to a secondary
place. A symphony concert presented by a
celebrated conductor is often described by
the press as having made 'musical history'
although no new work has been presented.
... Americans live under a delusion if they
believe that musical history is made by sim-
ply performing old tired-out works, no mat-
ter how brilliantly interpreted."
We in Ann Arbor know well of what Mr.
Menotti speaks after having witnessed
four days of this "delusion," though it was
cloaked by a few condescensions mas-
querading as originality. But how many
of us realize that musical history is made
here, and right under our doorstep. The
many new works presented here by the
Stanley Quartet and university recitals
amply evidences this. Yet nothing sub-
stantiates it more than those concerts pre-
sented by the very creative group of com-
posers who present the Composition For-
ums, such as was given on Monday even-
At that time works of six composers were
given their first performances. The program
opened with a Sonata for Horn and Piano
by Leslie Basset. It was a work showing keen
and sensitive harmonic rhythm with each
point reached prepared with sich crafts-
manship that it reflected the freshness and
beauty of the eighteenth century Italian
string composers, only with the richer har-
monic resources of the present day. It was
work of virtuostic calibre for the horn,
At the Orpheum . .
LIMELIGHT, with Charles Chaplin and
THIS IS DESIGNED to be the great Chap-
lin come-back, and perhaps farewell, pic-
ture. It is almost a one-man show: the in-
dominatable Charlie, metamorphosed into
a dignified Charles, has taken it upon him-
honest disagreement end and where does
"subversion" begin? There seems to be a
great deal of confusion on this point.
At the risk of oversimplifying his overt
position, it may be said that, prior to the
Chinese civil war, Lattimore opposed
American aid to Chiang Kai-Shek, ap-
parently feeling that the Kuomintang was
doomed. One may glean from his writings
that he favored one of two alternatives,
which, he suggested, could be followed by
the American government: (1) Abandon
Chiang, and support a third, more demo-
cratic force in China; (2) Abandon Chiang,
and acknowledge the Communist move-
ment in China-with the ultimate hope
of wresting the "agrarian reformers" away
from Moscow. Evidently, he felt that a
Thermidorian reaction would result in
China and that Mao Tse-Tung would be
By and large, this unpopular position was
taken by a large body of so-called "liberals,"
as well as by Communists, during that
strained period of flux and obfuscation in
American Far Eastern policy.
All other questions aside, while Latti-
more's opinions may have been motivated by
the party line, it is just as possible that they
were the result of honest disagreement with
the course that the Truman Administration
elected to follow-that of half-hearted sup-
port of Chiang.
If this is so, then the "ordeal" of Owen
Lattimore may leave a lasting impact on the
future conduct of American foreign policy.
For it has already left behind a residue of
fear and suspicion in the ranks of the for-
eign service. It has nurtured the popular
fallacy that to disagree is to be subversive
There may come a time when some Repub-
licans, who now oppose economic aid to Iran
for various reasons, will be hauled before
a Congressional committee and branded as
"Communist sympathizers" because they
happened to follow the party line as regards
Iran in 1953.
American foreign policy cannot be con-
ducted successfully in such an atmos-
phere. It requires a constant influx of
conflicting ideas, in order to formulate the
soundest alternatives and policies.
In any case, history alone will be able
to judge the Lattimore case as it is appli-
cable to the past, but its possible effect on
the future may be considerable cause for
but much of the interest was lent by the
piano leaving the horn, from the listener's
viewpoint, with generally restrained melodic
Just the opposite was true in George Wil-
son's Cello Sonata. Here the main interest
was in the solo line. A work of melodic in-
tensity, it soars elegantly in the high range
of the cello while not neglecting its ex-
pressive low strings. Mr. Wilson demon-
strated effusive and rhapsodic lyricism while
still confining his themes to rigidly con-
, The program also included a "Dance
Suite" by William Doppman. It consisted of
five pieces of extreme economy and brevity,
showing an interest, perhaps, with the frag-
mentary writings of Webern, but with more
lyricism. They were pieces self-contained yet
lending themselves to a dynamic whole,
reaching a climax in the middle movement,
The three remaining works were two
String Trios, by Jerome Jelinek and Reg-
inald Hall, and a Piano Sonata by Don-
David Lusterman. Mr. Lusterman's son-
ata was written percussively in its last
movement. He showed a good knowledge of
the keyboard's potential in that style. Both
the trios were expressive and sensitively
written for their instruments, but they
both would have benefited with more
craft on the part of the composer.
The performers, cellists Camilla Heller
and Jerome Jelinek, violist David Ireland,
violinist Unto Errkila, tympanist Rolv Yttre-
hus, clarinetist Robert Onofrey, flutist Dar-
lene Rhodus, pianists Wilbur Perry and Wil-
liam Doppman, and Ted Evans, french horn,
were excellent. They deserve much credit as
it was they who brought this impressive
concert to life.
WASHINGTON - The gyrations of the
President's Secretary of State continue
to amaze the President's personal staff.
It now develops that the famous denial
issued by the White House cracking John
Foster Dulles over the knuckles, was issued
at the behest of John Foster Dulles him-
What happened was this: after Dulles
gave a small group of newsmen certain ideas
about Formosa and peace in Korea for back-
ground use only, these ideas appeared in the
New York Times and other papers attributed
to authoritative sources. This is the usual
news-tag placed on background information.
When Dulles read these in the morning
paper, he personally phoned White House
Press Secretary Jim Hagerty and asked him
to issue a denial. But Dulles did not tell
Hagerty that he, Dulles, was the source of
the news stories.
Hagerty complied with the request and
issued the denial. He prepared an official
White House statement that there was no
truth in the stories.
Immediately following the amazing by-
play, the State Department held a policy
meeting of high-level officials at which
there was considerable speculation as to
who at the White House had issued the
denial slapping down the Secretary of
"I'll bet," remarked Assistant Secretary of
State Carl McCardle, "that it was that C. D.
He referred to Ike's adviser on psychologi-
cal warfare, the former publisher of For-
Dulles himself said nothing. He did not
reveal the fact that it was he who had asked
the White House to issue the denial. But
Under-Secretary of State "Beetle" Smith
did say something.
"I wouldn't talk like that," he cautioned
McCardle. "My experience in government is
that remarks like that always leak back to
the man you're talking about."
IKE ON CIVIL SERVICE
T HE BROTHER of the former head of the
Republican National Committee called on
President Eisenhower the other day to urge
that civil service employees not be fired.
Ira Gabrielson, brother of ex-chairman
Guy Gabrielson, served for years under
the Democrats as chief of fish and wild-
life. And he, together with spokespen for
19 organizations, called on the President
not only to urge that civil servants be
protected but that public lands not be
turned over to private interests.
They didn't get very far.
"Nobody believes in civil service more
than I do," remarked the President. "I'm a
passionate advocate of the career system.
However, a new administration must have
control of policy-making positions if we are
to maintain the two-party system of gov-
Ike's callers included representatives of
the Natural Resources Council, Soil Conser-
vation Association, Isaac Walton League,
Public Affairs Institute, CIO, and other
Gabrielson, their spokesman, argued
that top career jobs below cabinet rank
are in most cases held by "qualified men,
never before have been considered on the
basis of politics." He pointed out that
cabinet ministers In Canada are replaced
by a new administration, but their top
assistants, career men, remain on.
However, Eisenhower repeated that the
Republicans couldn't control government
policy unless there was a turnover of stra-
tegic jobs, regardless of career officials.
CATTLE ON PUBLIC LAND
"THE FORMER Adminisration created an
excessive number of policy-making
posts, something like 670, obviously for the
purpose of raising salaries," continued Ike,
when asked where he would draw the line
in firing career men. His callers took this
to mean-though the President didn't say
so-that all 670 are eligible for replacement.
. Ike was equally unmoved by eharge
that a "giveaway" of our public lands to
cattle and timber interests might follow
the Tidelands Oil "giveaway." While not
endorsing, or rejecting, legislation before
congress to increase the grazing rights
of stockmen on public lands, the Presi-
dent said that stockmen had to be pro-
tected from "unjust" grazing prices.
His callers left somewhat puzzled and
(Copyright, 1953, by the Bell Syndicate)
Editorials printed In The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY LUNN
. e er to k &b 0 e .
Palestinitis . . ..
To the Editor:
AM SICK with "Palestinitis."
In the panel discussion on
Palestine, Mr. Haber based the
creation of Israel on a "dream
of two thousand years" while
Prof. Slosson signaled out "Perse-
cution" as the precipitating cause.
However, regardless of the opposi-
tion, Israel now is a fact. All
very lovely. I too feel that the
Jews deserve to live in peace and
But now, when Prof. Slosson
was asked if he justifies, as a .
remedy "Persecution" for "Perse-
cution," he promptly pointed out
that the Jews have affected super-
colossal improvements in Pales-
tine. Just how would Prof. Slosson
feel if a foreigner, came to his
home, put him and his family out
the back door, expose them to dis-
placement with its all hideous as-
pects, and then affected the
greatest improvements possible in
his home for his own comfort?
Who knows, maybe my grand-
father was an Indian, and he
had dreams and designs!!! .....
Prof. Slosson's home.
At this point I wonder if Mr.
Haber's dreams were extended
back to the time of the Romans
when all flickers of Jewish na-
tional life were extinguished and
an Alia Capitolia erectedin its
place; or was not there an altar
for Jupiter instead of a Syno-;
gogue? When Prof. Slosson asked
if he didn't thing that Israel was
an imperialistic state, he said
that it was the only democratic
state in the near east! Here I
would like to know just what are
the properties of a democratic
state as viewed by Prof. Slosson?
And what is his concept of Juda-
ism anyway? Is Judaism a race or
a religion? If it is a religion how
could a religious state be demo-
cratic without destroying the free-
dom of nonadherents? If Judaism
is a race, how could a racist state
be "democratic"? Or is this a
special brand of a master race
created by American domestic
politics and therefore is it a spe-
cial brand of a democratic state?
Just what are the principles
upon which the state of Irael is
founded? To the Arabs, these
principles are those of interna-
tional imperialism, of dreams with!
designs of spreading conquests, of
organized persecution agencies,
and of "might makes right" prin-
ciples. Yes a very democratic
As an Arab, I feel that this
demand made upon a weak and
defenseless people to drive them
away to poverty and humiliation,
(particularly by a persecuted in-
truder) with such an emphasis,
are ecessive, extreme, andtii
just. History must soon be their
-Ben M. Awada
* *4 *
Bernie Believes . . . .
To the Editor:
BECAUSE the masses have a
great desire but a limited
ability to express themselves, they
have come to indicate their as-
pirations and frustrations through!
their preferences of popular rec-
ords. That is why it is both grati-
fying and noteworthy to find a
song such as "I Believe" as the
current favorite in the musical hit
The widespread popularity of
any other religious song has no
recent precedent. On the con-
trary, the dominant philosophy
represented in recent popular
music is best summarized in the
song, "Hold me! Kiss me! Thrill
me!" Recent musical philosophy,
if one may call it that, has char-
acterized Man as a well-developed
but basically bestial animal. This
belief is clearly opposed to the
religious conception of Man as a
union of an earthly animal plus
a divine Soul.
As a result, popular music has
made the maximum satisfaction
of bodily pleasures seem like a
desirable end in itself, instead of
making greater satisfaction of
bodily pleasures a worthwhile
goal only because aasatisfied body
provides a more conducive en-
vironment for its soul to seek sal-
I like to think that the sudden
emergence of a religious song, "I
Believe," into a continued popu-
larity, week after week, is a sign
that men's souls are once again
expressing themselves, and that
this expression will continue to be
indicated through a greater de-
mand for religious music.
*, * *
May Festival . . ..
Letter to the Editor:
A SHORT evaluation of the!
points discussed in recent re-f
views concerning the May Festival
1. There is a very simple for-
mula for writing a review for any
and all concerts: A good per-
dreamed of. Failing to get this,
they will either retire to a quiet
life in the country, or they will
fling themselves from the top floor
of Burton Tower.
3. A critic, having sufficiently
criticized the performance, may
then attack the seating arrange-
ment in Hill Auditorium.
management relations as prac-
ticed by the University. You will
learn by the example of the Uni-
versity that you must never give
the employee anything near what'
he may deserve.
"But Dad, that isn't the right
thing to do."
"That decides it, after a state-
ment like that you will have to
go to the University to get suchj
Gee, Dad . . ideas wiped out of your head.
To the Editor: When you are at school study the
system they have in the dorms
"GEE DAD, it's great to be out for kitchen help. It is an ideal one
of high school and preparing for management. The wages are
for college. Tell me what it's go- low and for each raise in wages
ing to be like at your alma mater, there is a* raise in rents that
the University of Michigan." covers the wage raises plus leav-
"Well son, as your main interest ing a nice profit. The methods of
will be in business, you should control of the personnel are ex-
learn as much as possible about cellent. There are permanent rec-
modern business methods while ords on which the quality of the
at school. work is recorded, as are absences,
As a model you can study the and I should imagine any com-
methods for harmonious labor-, plaints the employees make about
[DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETINJ
"Well, It's A Change From Sawing People in Half"
mistreatment. Methods for the
speed-up are being developed and
refined. Staffs are cut while the
amount of work per individual is
increasing. The best part of the
entire setup, however, . is that
methods of strike breaking are
being developed to the ultimate.
The demands of the workers are
taken with a grain of salt while
outside help at higher wages is
brought in to replace the strikers.
The strikers are called gentlemen,
which they are for their conduct,
while the University uses the low-
est type of backhanded strike-
breaking tactics, the use of scabs."
"But Dad, I don't thing this is
"Son, anything is right that can
be justified in a return of greater
Inertia & SDA,.
To the Editor:
N ANSWER to Mark Reader's
article on Political Inertia:
The "will to do" has not been
smashed, we have just come to a
greater understanding of the "how
to do." In previous semesters Stu-
dents for Democratic Action
blasted its opinions. Being a small
hopeful group we tried to create
a loud cry of public opinion in
our favor but only succeeded in
arousing a whimper. SDA was not
known on campus and any action
which we did take, because of the
"branding" trend was anathema
to the ideals for which we fought.
Realizing that we served an im-
portant role in the campus com-:
munity, standing for the true "lib-
eral" tradition, we looked for a
way to gain the students' support
and understanding. By providing
educational discussions led by
such experts as Prof. Aiken, Prof.
Eastman, Jack Widick, etc., we
feel we have served this positive
function. Students who never be-
fore had, heard of SDA, and somte
of those who condemned it, have
now found an affinity and under-
standing for what we're doing and
have learned about vital issues as
In the past perhaps the great-
est fault to be found with student
action was that it contained too
much enthusiasm and too little
thought. Therefore, to my way of
thinking, we have made some ac-
complishments. We hope that
with the support we have gained
this semester the dynamism Mr.
Reader finds. so attractive will be
possible, and that future action
will be enlightened as well as
-Fran Leffler, Pres. SDA
Recruitment? . . .
To the Editor:
HIGH-SCHOOL students visited
the campus last Saturday.
They ate at the dorms. Each paid
65c for his lunch. We of South
Quad pay 65c for our Saturday
lunches. The high-school students
who ate here had hamburgers,
with ice-cream for dessert. It
looked good. We of South Quad
had sandwiches of either meat
and pickle or peanut butter, plus
guess-what soup. It filled us up.
It was all organic.
To this observer it seems like a
pure case of putting on the dog.
Why weren't the high-school stu-
dents given the same bill-of-fare
as the permanent boarders? May-
be it was a case of recruiting, eh?
Wonder what the prospective
football players had to eat?
-Daniel M. Less
(continued from Page 2)
Doctoral Examination for Robert
Rothenberg Kohn, Zoology; thesis:
"In Vitro Studies on the Relationships
between Glutathione, Intermedin and
Melanin Synthesis," wed., May 6, 2089
Natural Science Building, at 1:30 p.m.
Chairman, P. A. Wright.
Doctoral Examination for Norman
Gustaf Benson, Fisheries; thesis: "The
Relationship among Certain Ecological
Conditions and Trout Populations in
the Pigeon River," Wed., May 6, 2122
Natural Science Building, 2 p.m. Chair-
man, K. F. Lagler.
Doctoral Examination for Clifford
Louis Larsen, Education; Thesis: "Par-
ticipation in Adult Groups: The Re-
lationship between Participation anid
Valence in Two Air. Force Reserve
Squadrons," Wed., May 6, West Coun-
cil Room, Rackham Building, at 3 p.m.
Chairman, H. Y. McClusky.
Doctoral Examination for Robert Dean
Boyd, Psychology; thesis: "Reading Re-
tardation as Related to Personality
Factors of Children and Their Par-
ents," Wed., May 6, 6625 Haven Hall, at
3 p.m. Chairman, E. L. Kelly.
Doctoral Examination for Robert Gor-
don Carson, Jr., Mechanical Engineer-
ing; thesis: "Consistency in Rating
Method and Speed of Industrial Op-
erations by a Group of Time-Study
Men with Similar Training," Wed., May
6, East Council Room, Rackham Build-
ing, at 3 p.m. Chairman, C. B. Gordy.
Doctoral Examination for Helen Mc-
Call Tewes, Education; thesis "The
Preparation and Evaluation of Record-
ings Used as Discussion Starters with
Adult Groups," Thurs., May 7, East
Council Room, Rackham Building at 1
p.m. Chairman, H. Y. McClusky.
Doctoral Examination for Edwin Er-
nest Henry, Jr., Electrical Engineering;
thesis: "The Thermistor as a Device
for the Measurement of Velocity in
Flowing Water," Thurs., May 7, 2518
East Engineering Building, at 2 p.m.
Chairman, W. G. Dow.
Course 402, the Interdisciplinary
Seminar in the Applications of Mathe-
matics to the Social Sciences, will, meet
on Thurs., May 7, at 4 p.m. in 407 Mason
Hall. Mr. John Milholland of the Psy-
chology Department will speak on "The
Conjunctive Model for Multidimen-
Anatomy Seminar. May 7, 4 p.m., 2501.
East Medical Building. Dr. Afred S. Suss-
man: The Role of Small Paticulates in
the Cell. Mr. Gerald Abrams: The Ef-
feet of Somatotropin and Corticotropin
on the Islets of Langerhans of the Rat.
Engineering Mechanics Seminar. Prof.
G. E. Hay will speak on "A Problem
in Dynamics" at 3:30 p.m. onrWed.,
May 6, in 101 West Engineering Build-
Seminar in Applied Mathematics will
Little Shepherd, Velvety Night and Sea
of Stars; three modern Belgian caril-
lon compositions, and Selections from
"Die Fledermaus," by Johann Strauss.
Student Recital. Patricia Joy Arden,
pianist, will present a recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music at 8:30 Thurs-
day evening, May 7, in the Rackhasm As-
serbly Hall. It will .include composi-
tions by Bach, Beethoven, Mennin,
Schubert, and Palmer, and will be open
to the general public. Mrs. Arden is a
pupil of Joseph Brinkman.
The Senior Ball Committee will meet
this afternoon at 5 p.m. in the League.
Annual Senior Table-Carving will take
place from May 4 to May 28 in the Stag
Room of the Union. Tools are kept in
the basement checkroom and may be
obtained by any man of the Senior
Class by presenting his I.D. card. All
Senior men are urged to come out for
Wesley Foundation. Morning Matin
7:30-7:50, Wed., May 6. Also Refresher
tea from 4 to 4:30.
The Michigan Crib Pre-Law Society
invites you to hear Regent Roscoe Bon-
isteel at 8 p.m. this evening, in Room
3-A of the Michigan' Union. Regent
Bonisteel will speak on "Opportunities
for Lawyers' The meeting is open to
students, faculty, and interested towns-
people. Organizational meeting will fol-
low the program, and the officers for
1953-54 will be elected.
Russky Chorus. There will be an im-
portant meeting of the Russky Chorus
today in the Bell Tower, ninth floor.
Final preparations for the Russian pro-
gram will take piace: All boys bring a
shirt. All members please attend.
Le Cercle Francais will have a meet-
ing today at 8 p.m. at the League in
honor of the actors of "Tartuffe." A
very interesting program is planned.
Roger Williams Guild. Midweek Chat
from 4:30 until 5:45 in the Guild House.
This is the last opportunity to vote
for your next year's officers. Cabinet
meeting at 4:30.
Pershing Rifles. There will be a meet-
ing of all actives and pledges at 1925
hrs. in the Rifle Range. Everyone must
attend. Bring gym shoes.
Zeta Phi Eta. Meeting in the Wom-
an's League at 5 o'clock. All members
are required to be present, for voting
on next year's membership.
Delta Sigma Pi elections and regular
meeting tonight at 7 p.m. 927 Forest
Geoogy-Mineralology Journal Club,
IRR IEINTmQC)'/IE s
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Crawford Young.......Managing Editor
Barnes Connable............City Editor
Cal Samra ... ........Editorial Director
Zander Hollander......Feature Editor
Sid Klaus.......Associate City Editor
Hariand Britz.......Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman......Associate Editor
Ed Whipple....,........... Sports Editor
John Jenke......Associate Sports Editor
Dick Sewell......Associate Sports Editor
Lorraine Butler........Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills, Assoc. Women's Editor
Don Campbeli......Chief Photographer
Al Green............Business Manager
Milt Goetz ....,...Advertising Manager
Diane Johnston ...Assoc. Business Mgr.
Judy Loehnberg....raFinance Manager
Hlarlean Hankin... Circulation Manager
once-great artist finds enough vitality re-
maining to achieve a final, glorious tri-
umph. Chaplin portrays a vaudeville clown
whose fame was once so celebrated that
his name has become synonymous with the
finest in comedy; but alas! his inability to
elicit laughter without the aid of alcohol
has finally left him a moderate but unem-
ployed alcoholic. In this state he rescues a
existence which the true artist inhabits,
that life ends with the cessation of res-
piration, and that a vigorous effort is nec-
essary to extract all possible joie from
vivre. And Chaplin himself apparently
stands for everything his theory opposes.
Claire Bloom, discovered especially for this
picture, does not have the talent her direc-
tor-writer-producer demands. She does her