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May 03, 1953 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1953-05-03

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'OPERATION
BRAINWASHING'
See Page 4

Y L

Latest Deadline in the State

4E3at

GENERALLY CLOUDY

VOL. LXIII, No. 146

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 3, 1953

SIX PAGES

U

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I

Judge Lifts
Lattimore's
Top Charge
New Trial Set
For October 6
WASHINGTON (AP) - Charges
that Owen Lattimore lied when he
denied Communist sympathies
were thrown out yesterday by a
Federal Judge who declared Amer-
ica must not destroy freedom of
belief while fighting Red infiltra-
tion.
But District Judge Luther W.
Youngdahl ordered Lattimore to
trial Oct. 6 on three lesser perjury
charges.
EVEN THOSE THREE may not
"pass the test .of materiality so as
to present a jury issue," he said,
adding: "but this must await the
.trial."
Lattimore, a Johns Hopkins
University lecturer and one-time
occasional consultant to the
State Department, was indicted
by a federal grand jury Dec. 16.
The charges, seven in all, grew
out of his stormy 12 days of tes-
timony last spring before the Sen-
ate internal security subcommit-
tee headed by Sen. McCarran (D-
Nev).
y* +t e
THE COMMITTEE questioned
Lattimore about alleged Commu-
nist connections and what in-
fluence he wielded in U.S. post-
war policy in the Orient, then
recommended that a grand jury
decide whether he had committed
perjury.
Lattimore, who declined com-
ment on Judge Youngdahl's rul-
ing, has denied all the charges
against him. "Pure moonshine," he
said of a statement by Sen. Mc-
Carthy (R-Wis) that he was the
top Soviet spy in the U.S.
Judge Youngdahl, a Republican
former Governor of Minnesota,
said the indictment's first and ba-
sic count, that 'Lattimore lied
when he denied having communist
sympathies, "must fall because it
is violative of both the first and
the sixth amendment.
1,000 Attend
University Day
Getting a taste of college life,
more than 1,000 high school stu-
dents from Michigan and adjoin-
ing states wandered across the
campus yesterday boning up on
curriculums, dorm life and the
male-female ratio.
Taking advantage of the annual
University Day invitation.to high
school juniors and seniors in Mich-
igan, Indiana and Ohio, the visi-
tors almost unanimously rated the
University tops on rating slips pro-
vided by the admissions office.
...One high school senior named.
the engineering school's naval
tank the most impressive sight
of the day, while an aspiring
music school coed wondered if1
classes were held on the observa-
tion floor of Burton Tower.
One grey-flanneled sophomore1
guide was heard remarking to his
group, "you've seen everything, in-
cluding Ann Arbor weather." I
The most carefully worded ob-
servation of the day came from a1
sober male senior from Saginaw
who thought University Day1
should have been scheduled for the
fall before he made up his mind
to go to Michigan State.,

-Daily-Don Campbell
IOWA CATCHER STOPS ONE WOLVERINE RUN
Local Dealers May Test
Book Banning Legality
A strong possibility exists that a group of local book dealers are
getting ready to carry the local drive against reputed "obscene" pocket
books into court as a test case.
A campus book dealer said that, under a Pennsylvania court
decision a book has to be judged in its entirety, and not in parts
taken from context, in order to be considered obscene. This case
involved James Joyce's "Ulysses."
* * * * .
THIS DEALER stated that he hasn't been notified by the police
which books are considered obscene and must be removed from stock.
However, he said that he has "no intention of following the police
order" and pointed out that he is against pocket book censorship.
"Girlie" magazines probably should be censored, he added,
but he said he has no feelings either way on the subject, as his

WQ- Busoys
Resume ~Jobs;
Await Action
A majority of West Quad bus-
boys returned to their jobs yes-
terday after their leader, John
Curry, '53NR, reported that the
East and South Quads will not
support them in a sympathy
strike.
Meanwhile Duane Person,
spokesman for a committee of five
East Quad busboys, reported that
a "workable plan" for settlement
of the busboy grievances was
formulated at the committee's
meeting yesterday afternoon, but
declined to give details until af-
ter a tri-quad busboy meeting
scheduled for tomorrow night.
.* *: *
THIS MEETING and a South
Quad general busboy meeting to
be held earlier tomorrow night
will lead to a tri-quad meeting
Tuesday with Leonard A. Schaadt,1
business manager of the residence
halls. Two representatives of each
quad will present him with a for-
mal statement of their requests.
Schaadt expressed confidence
that Tuesday's meeting will be
successful and said, "Any sugges-
tions the busboys have for im-
proving working conditions or
wage grievances will certainly be
considered."

book store doesn't sell this type
of literature.
Obeying a book list termed in-
decent by the Detroit police cen-
sor bureau is not the right way to
solve the problem, he continued.
"The question of what consti-
tutes obscenity can only be de-
cided through due process in the
courts, not by any self-appointed
censor, vested group or police in-
dividual," he added.
CHIEF Assistant County Prose-
cutor Edmond F. DeVine said yes-
terday the local police department
has only informed booksellers that
the distribution of literature vio-
lates a state law. In the future,
he added, it will be the seller's
responsibility not to have obscene
literature in his establishment.
Prof. Arthur M. Eastman of the
English department pointed out
that although censorship is in-
volved, the public needs protec-
tion against tawdry literature.
County law enforcement officers
a week ago ordered all book deal-
ers to clear their stocks of about
250 books termed "indecent" by
a Detroit police censor bureau's
listing. Prosecution of dealers re-
fusing to comply will probably be
made within a month.
Brown Gets Post
Mayor William E. Brown was
one of eight mayors named this
week to a committee representing
all American cities at the Inter-
national Union of Cities June 15
to 20 in Vienna.

Hawks Stop
'M' Baseball
Nine Twice
Wolverines Drop
To Second Place
By DAVE BAAD
A plucky Iowa baseball team,
performing flawlessly in the clutch,
ended Michigan's four game Big
Ten victory skien in convincing
fashion yesterday, whipping the
Wolverines in both ends of a dou-
ble header, 4-2 and 5-3.
Thedouble defeat dropped Ray
Fisher's squad out of first place
in the Western Conference stand-
ings enabling Wisconsin, rained
out of its two games with North-
western, to move into undisputed
possession of the top spot. The
Badgers are undefeated in three
games.
MICHIGAN HAD numerous
chances to win both contests. In
the first game it had base runners
in eight of the .nine innings and
seven times the leadoff man
reached base.
However, with the help of five
double plays, Ron Schaefer,
Hawkeye pitcher, was almost
untouchable when the chips were
down. The only dents in his rec-
ord came in the third and sev-
enth innings when the Wolver-
ines pushed across their lone
markers.
Merle Jensen, hurling the sev-
en inning nightcap for the visi-
tors, was tagged for ten hits by
Michigan batters but he scattered
them successfully enough to earn
the 5-3 decision.
** *
JACK CORBETT and Dick
Yirkosky were the losing pitchers
for Michigan. Corbett gave up
nine hits in the opener, all singles,
and with the exception of the third
inning when Iowa scored three
times, he pitched a good ball game.
His sidearm stuff was working
well and he struck out four bat-
ters.
Yirkosky was likewise a vice
tim of one bad inning. He gave
up four hits and three runs in
the opening frame of the night-
cap and Iowa managed to main.
tain the lead for the rest of the
game.
Bruce Haynam, Michigan short-
stop, although still hampered
somewhat by his weak leg, was
the day's leading hitter. The slen-
See IOWA SQUAD, Page 3
EQ Residents
Explain Views
On Serenade
Four male residents of East
Quad said yesterday that the cam-
pus had "jumped to conclusions"
in thinking the reaction to a sere-
nade by Kappa Alpha Psi, a Negro
fraternity, had been brought on
by racial prejudice.
At a meeting called to clarify
the misunderstanding, Fred Hicks,
'54, Phil Lucasse, Grad., Dave
Ponitz, Grad., and Charles Todd,
'55A, emphasizing the fact that
they were not speaking as repre-
sentatives of East Quad men,
cleared up some of the points in
the controversy.
ONLY TWO MEN appeared with
white sheets, and they were drag-
ging them, not wearing them,

Todd reported. The sheets were
picked up in a quad corridor
where they had been thrown as a
part of a practical joke, and did
not symbolize the Ku Klux Klan,
he added.
Hicks reported that the fra-
ternity, by singing in the court,
had violated an East Quad ruling
restricting serenading on the
street side of the residence hall.
This is not the first time that
serenaders have been "hissed
away" according to Ponitz. Men
of Strauss House in East Quad
serenaded their sister house,
Prescott, last fall and were re-
buked by other quad residents.
The question of the serenade
will be discussed by the East Quad
Council when it meets Tuesday,
Velde Summons
Witnesses in N.Y.
WASHINGTON - UP) -- Rep.

POWs
Of Co

Object
amunist

0

-Daily-Frank Barger
ORPHAN'S DAY-Children from the Methodist Children's Village in Detroit intently watch a movie
at the Sigma Alpha Mu fraternity house as part of the fraternity's annual Orphan's Day. The group
had originally planned an afternoon baseball game, but inclement weather made movies the order
of the day.
Concert To Feature Lockwood Work

to

0)

This afternoon's May Festival
program will feature the world
premiere performance of Normand
Lockwood's "Prairie," commis-
sioned by Choral Union conductor
Thor Johnson for the 60th an-
nual May concert series.
The text of the choral number
is an adaptation of a Carl Sand-
burg poem set to music.
* * *
THE 325-VOICE Choral Union
will also sing Brahms' "Triumph-
lied."
Soloist for this afternoon's
-
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
SEOUL-Allied air power, tak-
ing advantage of clear, sunny
weather, hit the Communists full
force along the western front yes-
terday, rounding out a week of
light skirmishes.
COLUMBUS, Ga.-New torna-
does struck last night in storm
battered central Alabama and
Georgia, where 28 persons have
died in three days of high winds
and twisters.
Hundreds have been injured and
property damage runs into the
millions.
DETROIT-A reorganization of
the CIO's administrative opera-
tions was reported in the making
yesterday as an outcome of Wal-
ter Reuther's ascendancy.

concert is brilliant Czech pianist
Rudolf Firkusny who will play
Martinu's "Concerto No. 2." The
Philadelphia Orchestra will per-
form Schubert's "Overture in
the Italian Style."
Singing tonight in the last pro-
gram of the six-concert series,
Metropolitan Opera soprano Zinka
Milanov will perform Beethoven's
"Ah, perfido, Op. 65" and Verdi's
"Pace, pace" from Forza del des-
tino and "Ritorna Vincitor" from
Aida. . *
EUGENE ORMANDY will con-
duct the Orchestra in Haydn's
"Symphony No. 7," Barber's "Sec-
ond Essay for Orchestra" and Ra-
vel's "La Valse."
For the past four seasons, Fir-
kusny has been soloist with the
New York Philharmonic Symphony'
Orchestra.
Mme. Milanov, hailed this
season by Newsweek as the un-
Law Grad Gets
RepublicanPost
David W. Kendall, Jackson at-
torney and University Law School
graduate, was elected Republican
National Committeeman from
Michigan yesterday.
Unanimously chosen by the Re-
publican State Central Commit-
tee at a Lansing meeting, Kendall
succeeds U.S. Postmaster-General
Arthur E. Summerfield who re-
signed the post when appointed'
to President Eisenhower's cabi-
net. -

questioned "queen" of the Met-
ropolitan Opera, won her initial
success in Vienna under conduc-
tor Bruno Walter.
After appearances with Tosca-
nini at the Salzburg Festival, the
Yugoslavian artist was engaged by
the Met where she has since be-
come the leading soprano.
Tickets for today's performances
will be on sale from 9 a.m. to 4:30
p.m. and from 7 to 8:30 p.m. to-
day in the box offices of Hill Au-
ditorium.
Tickets are priced at $2.50, $2
and $1.50.
Dulles Reports U.S.
Aids Laos Troops
WASHINGTON - (A) - Sec-
retary of State Dulles announced
yesterday that the United States
is feeding "critically needed mili-
tary items" reported to consist
mainly of a small fleet of big cargo
airplanes-to the anti-Commu-
nist defenders of the embattled
kingdom of Laos.
In a statement Dulles denounced
the new Red invasion in Indochina
as "another case of ruthless and
unprovoked attack."
He himself did not specify the
nature of the military items be-
ing supplied. But it was learned
that the rush aid consists mainly
of two or three dozen big cargo
planes suitable for speeding troops
and supplies to the Laotian front.
Most or all of these were under-
stood to be of the C-119 type,
which can carry 64 paratroopers
or a large cargo.

Return Via
Secret Plane
To Hospital
Exchange Ends,
Peace Talks Stall
By The Associated Press
Twenty American soldiers ar-
rived at Valley Forge Military
Hospital in Pennsylvania yester-
day after a secrecy-shrouded plane
trip from Tokyo and a hospital
spokesman said most "are burned
up" over reports that a number
of the group succumbed to Red
propaganda while prisoners of
war.
The secrecy was imposed when
the men left Tokyo in a C97 Stra-
tocruiser Thursday. The pentagon
had ordered the security measure,
the Air Force said, "because of
the position taken by the Army
and others that these men may
have been misled under conditions
of duress and hardship during the
period of their captivity."
* * *
MAJ. JAMES CAMPBELL, the
hospital's public information offi-
cer, said military authorities feel
that some of the 20 may have
been influenced by their Com-
munist captors. He emphasized,
however, that "there is nothing
conclusive about this, and even
the thought of such influence
should not be applied to the whole
group. It would be unfair to
brand a whole group of men in
such a manner.
A hospital spokesman said
the treatment being received by
the soldiers pt Valley Forge i
no different from that given to
other exchanged prisoners of
war in other hospitals. They'll be
here until they recuperate, he
said. Some need dental treat-
ment badly, he added, and some
will also be given psychiatric
care.
Meanwhile, in Panmunjom, the
re-born Korean armistice talks,
just one week old and stalled on
the issue of a- caretaker nation
for prisoners refusing to go home
after the war, were in recess to-
day as the exchange of disabled
POW's ended.
The one-day recess was asked
by the Reds. In past truce talks
such recesses sometimes have
preceded new Communist moves.
The Allies got back 684 captives,
including 149 Americans. The UN
sent to the Reds a total of 6,670.
'U' Alumnus'
Plays Called
Communistic
Former University student The-
odore Kaghan is being quizzed this
week before Sen. Joseph McCar-
thy's Senate Investigations sub-
committee about the Hopwood
winning plays he wrote between
1932 and 1935,
Kaghan's plays, which won him
$1,500 inwriting awards, are the
focal point of the subcommittee's
investigations, as they are alleged
to be Communistic in theme. How-
ever, Kaghan has claimed that
any parts of the dialogue which
might be construed as communis-
tic were the words ofcharacters in
his plays, and not his own.
KAGHAN, acting Deputy Direc-
tor of the Public Affairs Division
at the U.S. High Commissioner's

Bonn Headquarters, pointed out
to the sub-committee that the
plays were written 20 years ago,
and cannot be taken as an accur-
ate index of his thinking today.
In the 1932-33 contest Kaghan,
writing under the name of The-
odore Kane Cohen, won a $250
minor Hopwood in drama. The
next year he received special
mention in the Hopwoods win-
ning $250. In the 1934-35 con-
test, he capped his rise with a
A1.00t) miorIa.Honwoo rl uardin

Report

Influence

WARM PERSONALITY NEEDED:
Survey Rates Academic Counselors

ITALIAN ELECTION FORECAST:
Swinton Predicts DeGasper Victory

By DIANE DECKER
An academic counselor is quite
a person.
If he wants to make the grade
with literary college students, he
needs a 'warm" personality and
knowledge of courses and require-
ments.
If he has a pleasing appearance
as well, chances are he will re-
ceive a top rating. Despite the list
of requirements, more than half of
a cross-section of students are sat-
isfied with their academic coun-
selors.
* * *
THESE FACTS were brought
out in a survey conducted last fall
by Jim Shortt, Grad., as material

ACADEMIC counseling facilities
did not get a clean slate from those
polled. A majority of students-
seven out of ten-expressed a pref-
erence for keeping the same coun-
selor throughout the entire four
years of college so he could be-
come better acquainted with the
individual student.
Part of the group indicated
reliance upon other sources,
such as parents or friends, for
solving academic problems of
course selection.
Although these factors appeared
to weaken the system, Dean Rob-
ertson regarded them "a healthy
sign." He explained the philoso-
phy of academic counseling, ex-

eight out of ten advocating it and
only eight per cent expressing neg-
ative opinions.
However, the average visitor
was only moderately satisfied
with his most recent interview-
and one of his frequent com-
plaints was the speed with
which the interview was con-
ducted.
Individual counselors were crit-
icized most frequently for lack of
familiarity with courses and -re-
quirements. Upperclassmen had
fewer complaints than freshmen
and sophomores, which Dean Rob-
ertson attributed to increased
knowledge of requirements and
course content.

By GAYLE GREENE
The present Christian - Demo-
cratic government will retain pow-
er in the Italian elections June 7,
despite an expected increase in
Communist and Fascist votes, a
veteran foreign correspondent
said yesterday.
Odds are that Alcide DeGasperi's
government, in power for the last
seven years, will still hold an edge
over parties of the extreme right
and left, according to Stan Swin-
ton, Associated Press Italian Bu-
reau Chief.
"RESULTS of the election will
be of particular importance to the
United States because Italy has
been the most enthusiastically co-
operative of the NATO partners,"

trend away from DeGasperi's par-
ty.
"Real wages are higher than
ever before in history though
still low by American standards,"
he said. "Most Italians are con-
vinced the government hasn't
done enough to keep prices
down."
He noted both moderates and
leftists feel agrarian reform could
be pushed faster.
Swinton attributed the expect-
ed increase in Fascist votes to
three causes:
(1) Nostalgia for the old days
under Mussolini.
(2) Unemployment of 1,750,000
(Under Mussolini, the colonies
and army sopped up the unem-
r~noved_

--Daily-Frank BargerI

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