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April 03, 1953 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1953-04-03

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PAGE TWO

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FRIDAY, APRIL 3, 1953

U

TWO COMMENTARIES:
The Rights and Responsibilities
Of Universities and Their Faculties

. . . elleri to the Cc/ior.

By CAL SAMRA
Daily Editorial Director
THE RECENT statement by the Associa-
tion of American Universities regard-
ing the "Rights and Responsibilities of Uni-
versities and Their Faculties" is, on the
whole, a fair-minded, tactful presentation
which deserves the respect of the entire
University community. The report firmly
insists on the necessity for a wide latitude
of "academic" freedom, yet at the same
time recognizes that there are certain res-
ponsibilities which an instructor owes to
his students.
The AAU has set-up four criteria which
define the responsibilities of the college
instructor. An instructor may be removed
if (1) his words or actions violate legal
restrictions (such as advocating the over-
throw of the United States Government
by force; (2) he is a member of the Com-
munist Party; (3) "an instructor follows
Communist practice by becoming a pro-
pagandist for one opinion, adopting a
"party line," silencing criticism or im-
pairing freedom of thought and expres-
sion in his classroom .. ." and (4) he re-
fuses to testify before a legally qualified
investigating committee.
The first three of these criteria are well-
founded. No man has an inherent right to
advocate the overthrow by force of a gov-
ernment which, in all other ways, protects
his freedom of speech. No man has the in-
herent right to participate in activities
which have such a goal. And, certainly, no
instructor has an inherent right to foist his
own pet dogmas on his students, to the ex-
clusion of other opinions.
The fourth criterion, however, seems to
be ill-conceived. In the words of the report:
"If he (an instructor) is called upon
to answer for his convictions, it is his
duty as a citizen to speak out. It is even
more definitely his duty as a professor.
Refusal to do so, on whatever legal
grounds, cannot fail to reflect upon a
profession that claims for itself the fullest
freedom to speak .... In this respect, in-
vocation of the Fifth Amendment places
upon a professor a heavy burden of proof
of his fitness to hold a teaching posi-
tion . .
This argument assumes that an instructor
who invokes the Fifth Amendment and re-
fuses to testify before a Congressional Com-
mittee must, ipso facto, be guilty. This as-
sumption is, at best, erroneous. It is con-
ceivable-and this is often the case-that an
instructor will refuse to testify on principle
alone. Sensitive as they are to extra-legal
encroachments on freedom, many college
professors, though themselves violently an-
ti-Communist, refuse to testify because of
a natural aversion to oftentimes unquali-
fied Congressmen prying into their minds.
Perhaps they feel that Congressional com-
mittees have no business interfering with
the affairs of the nation's universities, which
are, essentially, affairs of the mind. Per-
haps they feel that such investigations
smack of totalitarianism. Whatever the
reasons, refusal to testify may mean guilt,
but frequently, it doesn't.
THE AAU STATEMENT also underlined
the important point that "unless a fa-
culty member violates a law, his discipline
or discharge is a university responsibility
and should not be assumed by political au-
thority. Discipline on the basis of irres-
ponsible accusations can never be condoned."
Unfortunately, however, the report soft-
pedalled this point, and found itself har-
boring a contradiction. "It is clearly the
duty of universities and their members
to cooperate in official inquiries . -
When the powers of legislative inquiry
are abused, the remedy does not lie in
non-cooperation or defiance; it is to be
sought through the normal channels of
public opinion."
Is it the duty of the university to cooper-
ate when, as the AAU points out, "discipline
should not be assumed by political authori-
ty?" Logically, it would follow that it is the

duty of the university to object vehemently
when political authority trespasses on aca-
demic responsibilities. The writers of the
statement timidly stopped short of this con-
clusion, though all prior arguments anti-
cipated it.
The drafters of the AAU report appar-
ently realized-but didn't make explicit-

the fact that today, America's colleges and
universities are being investigated by men
who are not entirely qualified to conduct
such a probe, some of whom do not give a
tinker's damn about "academic freedom,"
anyway one wishes to define it.
Congressmen who consider George Mar-
shall a "traitor," Chip Bohlen a "security
risk," and Agnes Meyer a "Communist
sympathizer" are in no way competent to
judge scholars who allow themselves a
wide intellectual scope.
The fact that these Congressmen-par-
ticularly McCarthy, Jenner, and Velde-
cannot agree among themselves as to the
definition of a Communist complicates the
situation. In the past few years, the term
has been stretched to the breaking point by
these gentlemen, and slapped onto countless
unsuspecting persons whose loyalty had
hitherto been beyond censure. As a result,
numerous innocents have been vilified, their
reputations irreparably damaged. If the
victim is not a Communist, then he is either
a "sympathizer," a "pinko," a "fellow tra-
veler," a "parlor pink," or a dangerous "left-
winger." These loaded terms, which mean
different things to different people, have
also been applied indiscriminately by pub-
licty hounds who have never stopped to
define them.
In the course of their investigations, these
Congressmen have unrealistcally ignored the
important fact that, at one time or another,
in one way or another, every American in
the country has followed one or more as-
pects of the "party line," indeed can't help
following some of its facets because of its
~zig-zag nature. Even Sen. McCarthy, if he
were to condescend to a bit of honest in-
trospection, would have to concede that at
particular stages in his career, some of his
viewpoints coincided with the "line" as it
was then being handed down. No one would
accuse the Senator of harboring Commun-
ist sympathies today because 10 years ago
he was as vociferous as the Reds in his
condemnation of Nazi Germany. By the
same token, no one would accuse the Sen-
ator of being a Communist because he, like
the Communists, is pressing for a Fair Em-
ployment Practices Commission. Yet Mc-
Carthy has not hesitated to draw wild con-
clusions based on just such circumstantial
quirks.
There are undoubtedly very few actual
Communists in the nation's colleges. But
every professor and instructor in the
country has, in the past and in the pre-
sent, held beliefs which happened to par.
allel the CP "line" of that particular mo-
ment. A Taft-inspired Republican in the
Business Administration school, for in-
stance, might feel that the best course
to take in Korea is withdrawal of Am-
erican forces. The Reds would like noth-
ing better.
Moreover, probably many scholars hold
some beliefs which in some way may cor-
respond to one or several aspects of the of-
ficial Communist philosophy. Some may be
materialists, some may be anti-religious,
some may accept Marx's interpretive dia-
lectic, some may believe in economic deter-
minism, some may consider Maxim Gorky
a great writer, some may believe that Ly-
senko is a keen scientist and not really a
crackpot, some may be socialists in the
Thomist tradition. But they are not, on
these counts, Communists by any stretch
of the imagination. The vast majority of
them are loyal to their country, its Con-
stitution, its democratic principles.
Any investigation designed to ferret out
Communists in the college field must
thus be extremely cautious and discreet.
It can be just and successful only if the
universities themselves, the only qualified
investigators, assume the responsibility.
By all means, it should not be conducted
in such a way as to scare the wits out of
educators and deaden their thoughts.
The American scholar is one of the freest
animals in the world, and should be al-

lowed to remain that way. It is as much of
a duty of a university to protect him from
indiscriminate attacks as it is to guard it-
self from the abuses of those who would es-
tablish a police state.

By PROF. I. L. SHARFMAN
Chairman, Economics Department
I WANT TO congratulate the Michigan
Daily for its enterprise and sense of
values in printing in full the statement of
the Association of American Universities,
adopted March 24, 1953, on "The Rights
and Responsibilities of Universities and Their
Faculties." It is a magnificent statement,
which merits careful study by all members
of the university community.
In very brief compass it brings to focus
all the important elements of the bitter
controversies concerning academic free-
dom which have been produced by the
provocative tensions of the cold war. Its
pronouncements on the nature of univer-
sities and their role in American life, as
well as its analysis of the obligations and
responsibilities of university faculties, are
unexceptionable. These pronouncements
are eloquent, yet restrained; incisively ob-
jective, they constitute, in their unswerv-
ing emphasis upon freedom of thought
and freedom of speech in both teaching
and learning, a reflection of what we all
cherish as the very essence of our way of
life.
But the basic goals, as thus enunciated,
are dealt with, also, in the realistic frame-
work of "the present danger." It is the con-
clusions arrived at in this connection that
have evoked dissent in some quarters. To the
present writer these conclusions appear to
be not only sound and statesmanlike, but
imperative corollaries of the very freedoms
we all seek to protect. They can be sum-
marized very briefly, in words for the most
part of the statement itself.
Since there can be no question that "a
scholar must have integrity and indepen-
dence," and since membership in the Com-
munist Party involves participation in "an
international conspiracy whose goal is the
destruction of our cherished institutions"
and whose methods include, among other
things, "thought control-the dictation of
doctrines which must be accepted and
taught by all party members," such mem-
bership in the Communist Party "exting-
uishes the right to a university position."
Similarly, and possessing equal cogency, "if
an instructor follows communistic practice
by becoming a propagandist for one opin-
ion, adopting a 'party line,' silencing criti-
cism or impairing freedom of thought and
expression in his classroom, he forfeits not
only all university support but his right to
membership in the university." Both results
are indispensable, not only to the further-
ance of the general welfare, but to the safe-
guarding of the very academic freedom
which is at stake.
Since, furthermore, the professor as a
member of the academic community
"owes his colleagues in the university
complete candor and perfect integrity,
precluding any kind of clandestine or
conspiratorial activities," and since as a
citizen he owes equal candor to the pub-
lic, refusal to speak out, when his con-
victions on transcendently important pub-
lic matters are at issue, "cannot fail to
reflect upon a profession that claims for
itself the fullest freedom to speak and
the maximum protection of that freedom
available in our society." Accordingly,
and more concretely, "invocation of the
Fifth Amendment places upon a profes-
sor a heavy burden of proof of his fit-
ness to hold a teaching position and lays
upon his university an obligation to re-
examine his qualifications for member-
ship in its society." This conclusion, on
its face, is strikingly mild and restrained-
and need not necessarily lead to termina-
tion of university service.
It is true, of course, and fundamental,
that under the Fifth Amendment no person
may be compelled in any criminal case to
be a witness against himself. But vis-a-vis
the university there is no question of self-
incrimination; it is merely a question of
whether the university staff member ac-
cords to the public authorities such cooper-
ation as his responsibilities clearly entail.
However innocent of the implied charge
that may be involved, the professor may

yet show himself lacking in an essential
qualification for university service. In any
event, only a reexamination of his quali-
fications is recommended; less than this
would, in my judgment, constitute a dere-
liction of duty on the part of the univer-
sity. "When the powers of legislative inquiry
are abused," the statement soundly con-
cludes on this aspect of the matter, "the
remedy does not lie in non-cooperation and
defiance: it is to be sought through the
normal channels of informed public opinion.'
There are two further pronouncements of
highly practical import in the present situ-
ation which should not be ignored. They
implement the basic idea of a university
which had been developed earlier, and they
reflect the restricted character of such lim-
itations upon absolute freedom as the pre-
sent danger may render unavoidable.
(1) "As the professor is entitled to no
special privileges in law, so also he should
be subject to no special discrimination.
Universities are bound to deprecate spe-
cial loyalty tests which are applied to
their faculties but to which others are
not subjected. Such discrimination does
harm to the individual and even greater
harm to his university and the whole
cause of education by destroying faith in
the ideals of rniversity scholarship."
(2) "Unless a faculty member violates a

Skit Nite .. .
To the Editor:
IN READING Mr. Schmiedek s
letter on Skit Night it is quite
obvious that he has truly reached
that exalted plane to which we all
aspire. He has risen above the
earthly garb of a "G.D.I" to the
sublime plane of intellectual
thought from which, no doubt with
great martyrdom, he can actually
praise an action of the affiliates.
Hat's off to Mr. Schmiedeke! He
has succeeded in eliminating in
himself all of the "ism's" so prev-
alent on this campus; that is, all
but one, asinine-ism.
-Ben Crane
* * +
Skit Nite .. ,
To the Editor:
WE ARE sorry and quite amazed
that the presentation of our
skit, "The African Queen," caused
such a negative reaction. We would
like to state, in all good faith, that
our intentions were not to be dis-
criminatory or to create a false
picture of present day African
life. The title was merely taken
from the much renowned movie,
and the theme was basically that
of a search for the lost queen of
Michigan, which to some might
seem an indication of our lethargy,
but to us was a means of creating
a friendly spirit of fun and col-
lege. May we fully declare that
the skit was a presentation by two
non-discriminatory groups. Par-
ticipating in the skit were people
of the white and Negro races, also
people of Catholic, Jewish, and
Protestant faiths. Within this di-
versified group there prevailed only
a spirit of cooperation and fun,
and the implications received from
some of the people who wrote to
the Daily previously, were the far-
thest thoughts from their minds.
We wonder if any of these peo-
ple actualy saw our skit, because
we feel if they had, they could
clearly detect the tone in which
the skit was presented, and would
realize that there were no at-
tempts to create international mis-
understanding.
-Gloria Vajda
President of Victor Vaughan
-Earl Cline
President of Delta Upsilon
* * *
African Safari ...Tt*
To the Editor:
IN ANSWER to Mr. Salazar's let-
ter regarding Mr. Samra's com-
ments to the "young man from
Nigeria" there are several points
which I feel need clarification.
First, he assumes that the let-
ter from the Nigerian student was
not printed because it disagreed
with the policy of the paper. By
his own admission Mr. Salazar
was not aware of all the facts as
proven by his statement, "As I
gather the Nigerian student want-
ed to protest . ..
Secondly, and more important,
are some of the personal opinions
held by the writdr. He sarcastical-
'ly condemns the people of this
country for what he considers their
feeling that the rest of the world
is "backward" and "savage." Pos-
sibly I can show Mr. Salazar's il-
logical reasoning by pointing out
an example using the common cul-
tural background of him and my-
self. In most schools in this coun-
try the Spa'nish culture as reflected
through the language is taught.
Also, the great appeal in this
country for Spanish artists cannot
be ignored. This example is not
particular merely to Spanish
America but is true of other cul-
tural areas. It has always been
my impression that the U.S.A. be-
ing a "melting pot" is a fusion of
many cultures. It is true that the
average citizen here regards most
other countries as technologically
backward and this is a fault, but
an understandable one. Living in a

vast techological State the in-
dividual finds it difficult to com-
prehend diverse standards of liv-
ing found in other places.

I il

Thirdly, I don't agree with Mr.
Salazar's opinion that the people;
of this country are not sincere in
breaking down the dangerous so-1
cial barriers that exist between
groups. Judging from my own ex-
perience, the majority of people
I have met are serious in their ef-
fort to solve their complex social
problems. I ask Mr. Salazar what
positive steps he has taken to im-
prove the condition of the peon in
his country.
In conclusion, constructive crit-
icism is always welcome anywhere,
but one should only do it when
they are in a cposition to do so.
How childish it would be of me
to criticize Mr. Salazar's govern-
ment when at home I have the
same if not worse.
-Jaime Botero, S. Colombia
Bias Clauses . .
To the Editor:
IN THE Feb. 15th issue of the
Daily appeared a list of the
Bias Clause Fraternities. I think
the writer of the article rendered
a valuable service to this commun-
ity. The same type of article should
be written each year about the
Bias Clause Sororities.
In the abovermentioned article
the Sigma Chi Fraternity was list-
ed as one of the campus fraterni-
ties having bias clauses in its con-
stitution or ritual. Since reading
the article I have been curiously
wondering about the type of men
at Sigma Chi because I knew their
colored porter personally. Then on
the front page of the March 26th
issue of the Daily I noticed that
their porter had died of a heart
attack after 25 years of service
with this same fraternity. Sigma
Chi members were his pall bear-
ers. I attended the funeral.
Throughout the funeral ceremony
I couldn't help studying the facial
expressions of these six pall bear-
ers. There was seriousness and re-
gret; there was human warmth
and tenderness; there was the
sparkle of a few tears; there was
the over-all impression that they
shared the loss the same as the
rest of the crowd that filled the
church.
My memory carried me back
over the years to recall the many
acts of appreciation, charity, and
humanitarianism with which the
men of Sigma Chi had showered
"Sparky" the custodian. They even
gave him a new car a few years
ago. While the minister was busy
with the funeral procedure I was
trying to reconcile a paradox in
the back of my mind. How could
these men so revere their custodian
and at the same time sit idly by

and make no effort to remove the
bias from their constitution? How
could they look this man in the
face day after day for 25 years'
and not be reminded of the bar-
rier they have built around them-
selves against the fulfillment of
the brotherhood of man? I was
convinced at the funeral that these
men have a consciousness of right
and wrong. But why don't they
avail themselves of the Big Ten
Counseling Service and take posi-
tive steps to remove bias from the
law that governs admittance to
their ranks? "Sparky" made a tre-..
mendous contribution to the civica
life of this community. Why was-+
n't he able to serve certain mi-
norities as members of Sigma Chi?,
These men of Sigma Chi have a
heart and a sense of decency. But+
how do you appeal to this good side
of fraternity men when the issue
of bias clauses is involved? I
I trust that as soon a possible
the men that knew "Sparky" will+
remove themselves from among
the bias clause fraternities on cam-+
pus so that when the bad record
is again brought before the public,
Sigma Chi will not be listed.
--Tom Harrison
Don't Let It . .
To the Editor:
A recently rumored movement
to prevent communists, fellow
travelers and pinks from attend-
ing 1954's J-Hop could be the next
link in the long chain of civil
liberty violations on this campus.
While we certainly despise com-
munism, would it be good sense to
p ra ct i ce dance discrimination
against these individuals? I think
not.
Perhaps one should ask whether
at Soviet universities capitalists,
fellow travelers and yankee ap-
peasers (at least those not vaca-
tioning in Siberia) are permitted
to attend the Proletarian Prom.
The answer would be no.
But is this the example we, a
democratic campus, should fol-
low? What the proponents of a
thought control J-Hop fail to re-
alize is that they would be using
totalitarian methods while, to the
same tune, praising the American
way of life. This is a rather two
stepped way of looking at things.
Such a move by the Lecture
Committee would' be a direct con-
tradiction of our democratic be-
lief: "You may be completely out
of step with my orchestra, but I
shall defend with my life your
right to the dance floor provided
you don't bump into too many
people."
While a loyalty oath J-Hop is
not imminent next year, it is the
future students of Michigan that
we must protect. Only the other
day, I heard one "jazzier than
thou" reactionary whisper to
another, "Today, J-Hop; tomor-
row, The International Ball."
But we, the enlightened, must
and will stand up and be counted.
Don't let it happen on this cam-
pus. Don't let it happen at the
VFW. Don't let it happen at Rose-
land.
-E. Sterling Sader
* * *
Campaign Rules .
To the Editor:
I HAVE noted with thanks that
in this al-campus election, our
house was not recklessly plastered
with campaign posters. I would
like to commend those candidates
whose posters were placed in ap-
propriate locations, due regard be-
ing given to common standards of
neatness and good taste. However,
a certain few candidates showed
no regard for the privacy or rights
of persons living in the residence

Mr. Perry's behavior was especial-
ly obnoxious in that he scorned
all of the other legitimate means
of campaigning which all of the
other candidates for his post uti-
lized. He took advantage of all his
fellow candidates, who could not
campaign "under the door," an
effective method which quickly be-
comes a nuisance if all candidates
are allowed to practice it. Mr. Per-
ry deserves only admonition for
the disrespect he has shown to-
wards the men living in the resi-
dence halls and his lack of elec-
tioneering ethics.
Other cases of offensive cam-
paigning included Fred Hicks and
Al Strauss, who put their litera-
ture in the toilets of the three
quadrangles. Such tawdry means
of reaching the voters as Mr.
Hicks' "John Journal" deserve only
contempt. As for Mr. Strauss who
also went knocking door to door
soliciting votes, he should have
considered that he was interrupt-
ing men's studying.
I was disappointed that SL did
not require its candidates to abide
by the house rules. It will be a re-
lief when SL stops its long-winded
debating and backs up its claim
to represent student wishes with
action. I hope that SL will take
responsibility for its candidates,
for the nuisance of certain posters
and the invasion of student rooms
will determine the extent of fu-
ture campaign privileges in the
men's residence halls.
-John Harlan
On Co-ops ...
To the Editor:
VERY ofteh the Daily brings to
light facts concerning prob-
lems which are faced in the field
of student housing. Two weeks ago
there appeared an editorial la-
menting the lack of integration
apparent in the relationship be-
tween foreign and American stu-
dents due to a wide difference in
choice of housing. Last Sunday a
news story dealing with the prob-
lem of discrimination found in off
campus boarding houses was pub-
lished. However, very seldom, if
ever, is there any mention of the
many good aspects of housing at
Michigan. For example, in neither
of these stories was a word said
about the cooperative houses on
campus, living units which years
ago solved the problems spoken of.
In the campus co-ops; which are
centrally represented by the Inter-
Cooperative Council, foreign stu-
dents live and work side by side
with Americans. Over 20% of our
membership is made up of foreign
students who see the American
way of life first hand-by living it.
With twenty-one years of co-op
living behind the organization, in-
ter-racial housing is taken for
granted. This is only logical since
there are no arguments against
it, and no higher up pressure exists
which can influence policy deci-
sions concerning it.
Therefore, we see that the total
campus. situation in regard to
housing is not as gloomy as one
might assume at first glance. There
are still many individuals who
place basic democratic principles
and international brotherhood far
above epidermal social prestige
and personal convenience. As long
as these people exist and continue
to combine thought and action,
there will be a social system on
campus which lives up to the prin-
ciples of. theoretical American
democracy.
-Bob Farmer,
Pres. Inter-Cooperative Council
RESSZ~a**N **
Investigations .. .
To the Editor:
REFERENCE to Mr. Groulet's
letter of March 26.
"No person of integrity ever
fears a character investigation, or

even resents it. We welcome it"-
if it be conducted by a person (or
persons) of integrity.
-Vernon W. Shepard
Sixty-Third Yeat
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Crawford Young Managing Editor
Barnes Connable ..... City Editor
Cal Samra .. Editorial Director
Zander Hollander Feature Editor
Sid Klaus Associate City Editor
Hlariland Britg Associate Editor
Donna Hendleman Associate Editor
Ed Whipple Sports Editor
John Jenks Associate Sports Editor
Dicit Sewell Associate Shorts Editor
Lorraine Butler Women's Editor
Mary Jane Mills. Assoc Women's Editor
Don Campbell .... Chief Photographer

4

t'

f

i

4.

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN',

The Long Count

A

BY FOUR O'CLOCK Wednesday night,
even the sprightliest of election work-
ers stumbled and fumbled over chairs, can-
didates and empty Coke bottles, and the
counting had still an hour and a half to go.
As the list of elected candidates added
up in . what was probably the lengthiest
SL tabulation in history, so did the gross,
inexcusable inefficiency.
The idea behind prolonging the SL ballot
count to an anti-climactic point was to keep
interest centered on the legislature results
rather than on the counting going on in Lhe
small rooms off the main ball room, where
the results of the otner ballots were being
tabulated, according to one election official.
The slow-up resulted, however, in a falling
off of official counters in the minor elections.

eliminate the stream of people in and out
of these rooms.
What seems to have been a serious failing
in organization was accompanied by just
such irritations as adding machine operators
who seemed puzzled when faced with adding
machines and tabulation sheets being tossed
around like scrap paper rather than being
checked in and out and signed for by the
tabulators.
Several dozen ballots were discarded
by one un-trained worker as void, only to
discover later that they were actually
valid.
At least three students admitted to hav-
ing changed or recorded ballots on behaif
of favored candidates and one counter

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building before 3 p.
the day preceding publication (before
11 a.m. on Saturday.)
FRIDAY, APRIL 3, 1953
fiVol. LXII, No. 128
Notices
Library Hours During Spring Recess.
From Fri., April 3, through Sat., Apr.
11, the General Library will be open
week-days from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. The two
study halls in the building will be open
as follows: the First Floor Study Hali
will be open from 9 to 12 noon and
from 1 to 4 p.m., and the Basement
Study Hall will be open from 10 to 2
noonn n d from29to n m.. xcent on

East and West Engineering Libraries
which will be open 9 a.m. to 12 noon
and 2 to 5 p.m. Monday through Fri-
day; Bureau of Government Library
which will be open from 9 a.m. to 12
noon and 1 to 4 p.m. daily, Monday
through Friday and closed on Satur-
day: Mathematics-Economics Library
will be open 8 to 12 Monday through
Friday; the Physics Library will be open
Monday, Wednesday, Friday 9 a.m. to
12 noon; Fine Arts Reading Room will
be open from 1 to 5 p.m. Monday
through Friday; Museums Library 1 to
4 p.m. Monday through Friday, Satur-
day 9 a.m. to 12 noon; Music Library
will be open from 10 to 12 noon and
1. to 3 p.m.; the Study Hall at Willow
Run which will be open only the regu-
lar afternoon hours 1 to 6 Monday
through Friday.
Schedules will be posted on the doors
of the Divisional Libraries and infor-
mation regarding library service during
the vacation may be obtained by tele-
phoning the Director's Office, Ext. 750.

Al Green
Milt Goetr
LAane Johns
Judy Lnehno

Business faf
Business Manager
Advertising Manager
ton Assoc Business Mgr.
berg Finance Manager

.

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