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May 23, 1952 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1952-05-23

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See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State


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VOL. LXII, No. 165




** * *



World News

An Editorial

By The Associated Press
f Top Negotiator .. .
MUNSAN, Korea, Friday, May
23=Maj. Gen. William K. Harri-
son, Jr., takes over today as top
man of the Allied armistice team.
He is a serene soldier who says
of Red negotiators "let 'em rant
and rave."
Meanwhile in Seoul, Navy and
Marinerairmen, saluting the 40th
t anniversary of Marine aviation
yesterday, pounded Communist
strongpoints across the Korean
peninsula with a series of pulver-
izing blows.
German Rearmament..
WASHINGTON -- President
Truman sent Secretary of State
Acheson off to Europe last night
to complete arrangements for
German rearmament.
Russian Protest . .
MOSCOW - Russia, in a stiff
note, has protested Iran's accept-
ance of American military aid and
warned that it works against good
relations with Moccow.
However a U.S. official said last
night in Washington that Russia's
protest to Iran against American
.aid evidently is designed to in-
timidate the Iranian government.;
Truman Declaration...
WASHINGTON - President
Truman declared yesterday that
nobody-neither Congress nor the
courts-can take away from the
President his power to seize indus-
try in an emergency.
Yet he readily agreed that if
the Supreme Court rules his steel
seizure is illegal, he will promptly
restore the plants to their private
} owners. He will turn the mills
back and see what happens, he
* . S
Peace Contract*.*.
BONN. Germany-Chancellor
e Konrad Adenauer and the three
Allied high commissioners last
night wound up their work on
the peace contract togive West
z Germpany virtual sovereignty'
and bind her to the Western]
world in the face of widely
propagandized Red threats.
* * *
Prisoners Weaken ...
KOJE ISLAND, Korea, Friday,
May 23-Communist inmates re-
tained control within the 17 barb-
ed wire enclosures of this big
prisoner-of-war camp yesterday,f
but were weakening under a firm
show of force by battle-tried U.S.
troops., ,t
Warden Appointed.,..
LANSING - Governor Williams
yesterday named Seymour J. Gil-
manadministrative assistant to
Corrections Commissioner Earnest
C. Brooks, as a special deputyw
warden at the State Prison of
Southern Michigan.
Legal Advice
Asked by ISA
In a special session of the Inter-
national Students' Association last
night, a motion was unanimously
passed asking the University to
provide legal aid to students
threatened by deportation.
The need for such aid was
sharply brought into focus by the
recent deportation of Indian stu-
dent Joseph Singh Bains.
The resolution called for freed
legal advice and assistance fromH
members of the Law School facul-
ty whenever "the International
Center cannot take further ac-P
4 A preliminary letter regarding b
the ISA action will shortly be sub- in

mitted to President Hatcher by a.
representative of the ISA Execu-
tive Council. b
ew p'U' Campus
Ta Da71-1 -.To

An immense area of friction between students and Uni-
versity administrators has become increasingly apparent dur-
ing the last year. Through inadequate personal relations and
arbitrary interpretation and execution of regulations, the
administration has created widespread ill feeling. Though
perhaps unintentionally, it has succeeded in alienating loyal
and sincere student leadership.
A university, though ideally conceived as a unit,
is actually made up of several distinct elements, each of
which needs to be heard in deciding policies. However,
today, little or no heed is paid to the student voice as
expressed by the very organizations established and
maintained under principles fully supported by the
The immediate example is President Hatcher's veto of
a workable measure for bringing the fraternity system into
accord with the principles on which this country and this
University were founded.
.* * * *
Constant examples of this same attitude are closed
meetings throughout the University, from the Regents on
down, with the result that all administrative decisions are
made under a blahket of secrecy. These decisions are then
issued in such a brief, bare manner that they are left open
to all kinds of rumor as to the influences and pressures-
alumni, political, or public relations.-which might deter-
mine them.
The University Lecture Committee has progres-

Hatcher's aition Wednesday in vetoing the SL anti-bias bill fol-
lows by nearly a year a similar move made by former President
dent Alexander G. Ruthven.
S * a *
Vet Stae iente

sively tightened restrictions on speakers to an absurd
point, despite continued student opposition, best ex-
pressed in the two-thirds vote against the "Committee
in the all-campus elections.
Now that the Student Legislature has passed a motion
asking for more lenient speaker regulations, we pessimistically
look forward to administrative action ignoring both the pro.
posal and the feeling behind it.
* * * *
The SL, maligned in private comments by several top
administrators, has felt a material setback in the refusal to
give the organization a minute percentage of tuition fees.
At the same time the Union, the League and the Athletic
Plant receive entirely adequate funds from the same source.
A less publicized but important sore spot is the
International Center, which has failed to develop its
potential for aiding foreign students, and has succeeded
in antagonizing many of them.
These are a few of the larger points which we feel
represent a pattern of unnecessary friction. Further, the
fault may be directly traced in the most part to administra-
tive methods which appear always concerned with outside
public relations rather than with the more important internal
*~ *, **
The situation at present is in such a bad state that
we believe the time has come for serious reflection, investi-
gation and ameliorative action.
-Chuck Elliott, Bob Keith, Leonard Greenbaum,
'Vern Emerson, Ron Watts and Robert Vaughn: The
Senior Editors.

request of the Committee on
Student Affairs, after careful
study of the proposals for re-
forming the constitutions of
the fraternities, and after con-
sultations with the various
groups concerned, I hereby
submit to you my view of the
The University of Michigan
brings harmoniously together
in a common pursuit all na-
tions, races and creeds. On its
caripus all are equal. Since the
Declaration of Independence
and the ratification of the
Constitution, the Nation has
moved toward this ideal. The
progress in recent years has
been noable and gratifying.
The' fraternities and sororities
have responded to this chang-
ing atmosphere. There are in-

dications that they will contin-
ue to do so.
The overwhelming majority
of us are in agreement on the
principles of our democratic
Difference of opinion arises
on the question of methods and
time sequence. We believe that
the processes of education and
personal and group convictions
will bring us forward faster,
and on a sounder basis, than
the proposed methods of coer-
cion. While commending the
sincere and earnest concern
behind the proposal of the
Committee on Student Affairs
as submitted by the Student
Legislature, the Un iv er s it y
must decline to endorse this
mode of attack.
-Harlan Hatcher

SAC Statement .. .
The Student Affairs Committee takes strong exception
to the decision of President Harlan H. Hatcher concerning the
SAC recommendation on discriminatory clauses in fraternity
and sorority.constitutions.
We feel that the legislation was moderate and con-
structive in tone, and had the unquestionable support of
the student body, as expressed through its two highest
organs, the Student Legislature;' where members are di-
recly elected by the entire student body, and by the SAC,
where members hold positions by virtue of their status as
leaders in outstanding campus organizations.
The significance of the defeat to student government im-
plicit in this decision cannot be overlooked. Twice within a
year the President of the University has overruled the recom-
mendations of student governing bodies.
We recognize the University's sincere concern with the
problems of discrimination this legislation sought to ameliorate.
However, we feel the University's laissez-faire policy tends to
perpetuate the inequities which we all deplore.
We would point out that it is generally recognized
that the progress that President Hatcher cites in his veto
message stems largely from coercion or the threat of it
here and on other campuses.
We would emphasize that the vetoed recommendations
were essentially non-coercive, being merely aimed at ensuring
continued recognition of the problem by the organizationsin
question. The past record of these groups when pressure is
absent has been one of failure to seek constructive solutions to
the problem.
The University of Michigan has been a progressive leader
in every aspect of modern education. Education in its broadest
meaning is more than classroom participation, it is the means
by which the student is prepared for a beneficial role in his
All agree 'that discrimination is irreconcilable with
the social and political ideals expressed in the American
democracy. The University must, therefore, aid the stu-
dent in his every effort to reconstruct his community-
the campus-along lines more in accord with our nation's
democratic philosophy.
If the student can present a feasible solution for the dis-
crimination problem, such as was presented in the recent SAC
recommendation, the University should without question
adopt that policy.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The Senior Editors of The Daily feel that the
preceeding statement by the Student Affairs Committee has ac-
curately and rationally answered President Hatcher's veto. -
C. Elliott, B. Keith, L. Greenbaum, V. Emerson, B. Vaughn and
R. Watts.) q
HouseCuts Foreign Spending

SAC Passes

Of Protest
President Asks
Gradual Action
Anti-bias clause legislation re-
ommended by the Student Affairs
Committee has met with a presi'-
dential veto for the second time
within a year, it was revealed yes-
In a brief 200 word communi-
cation addressed to the SAC on
the first anniversary of the Re-
gents' announcement that he was
new 'U' chief executive, President
Harlan H. Hatcher declared that
the University must "decline to
endorse" the "methods of coer-
cion" in the SAC plan.
THE SAC reacted immediately
by adopting by a 7-3 vote an un-
precedented statement taking
"strong exception" to the Presi-
dent's decision. (See adjoining
The President cited "notable
and gratifying" progress made re-
cently by fraternities and sorori-
ties as cause for faith in the
"gradualist" approach.
The vetoed legislation was in-
tended by the Student Legisla-
ture, which originally recom-
mended the plan to the SA, as
a compromise proposal to take
the place of the time limit mo-
tion President Alexander Ruth-
ven squelched last year.
The decision was announced
at a special SAC meeting Wednes-
day niglAv
The veto and statement were
withheld for one day by the
Committee to provide an oppor-
tunity for a delegation to pre-
sent in person the reaction, and
make a final appeal to President
Hatcher to reconsider his deci-
However, he was out of town
yesterday and could not be
The SL cabinet described the
decision in a statement as "re-
grettable," reaffirming their belief
in the basic principles of the SAC
motion. Continued SL work in
the human relations field was
The two bias vetoes stand by
themselves as the only occasions
on which the President has re-
versed a recommendation of the
SAC, the highest organ of student
THE BIAS clause question has
had a long and turbulent history
at the University.
In 1948, the SL setdup a
joint Committee on Discrimina-
tion, headed by Legislature
President John Ryder, '53L, and
containing representatives from
the IFC, Panhel, League, Union,
SL, and other campus organiza-
The =result of this was a report
embodying the core of what came
to be known as the "Michigan
Plan." Ryder presented the report
in April, 1948, and the Legislature
adopted its two proposals that
spring. They were:
First, that the Student Affai
Committee refuse recognition to
any future organization which
prohibited membership because of
race, religion, or color. This, in ef-
fect, barred recognition of any new
fraternities which had such dis-
criminatory clauses.
Second, that the constitution&~
of all organizations be placed on
file with the SAC.
* * *

THESE TWO points were ac-
cepted by the SAC in May by a
one vote margin, and are still in
The "Michigan Plan," how-
ever, embraced no means of ac-
t i o n against discriminating
groups already in existence. SL
let this problem ride during most
of the 1949-50 school year, pend-
inr epnpted action bv the IFC.

I New Chairman

Ridgway Hits
Red Charges
Matthew B. Ridgway told Congress
yesterday Communist charges that
the Allies used gas and germ war-
fare in Korea should serve as a
"monumental warning" of deadly
danger to the free world.
In a voice harsh with scorn,
Ridgway denounced the Commun-
ist propaganda trumpetings as
"false in their entirety.",
Addressing a crowded joint
meeting of the Senate and House
-with the scene broadcast from
coast to coast by television cam-
eras-Ridgway told his listeners:
"The extent to which Commun-
ist leaders have gone in fabricat-
ing, disseminating and persistently'
pursuing these false charges
should impress upon the brains of
those who yet fail to refuse to see
the purpose of Communism, the
deadly danger with which it con-
fronts us and the free world."

-Daily-Don Campbell
Boila, '53 BAd, president of the
business administration school
class of '53, was chosen chairman
of the Senior Board made up of
all-college senior class presidents
last night.

House slashed $1,626,200,000 from
President Truman's foreign aid
program in a series of votes yes-
The decision meant that House
supporters of Sen. Taft of Ohio
had won a round in their fight for
sizable reductions. Rep. Vorys (R-
Ohio), a Taft backer, led in the
demand for cuts. Supporters of

Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Taft's
nomination, came out for smaller
rival for the G.O.P. Presidential
The President has asked for $7,-
900,000,000 to give direct military
aid and economic assistance to
countries aligned with the United
States against the threat of Com-
munist aggression.

Harris, Thorpe Acclaim

Veto of SL Anti-Bias Bill

Diane Harris, '53, president of Panhel, and Pete Thorpe, '53, presi-
dent of the Interfraternity Council, last night acclaimed President
Hatcher's veto of the SL anti-bias clause plan as "just and realistic."
In a statement to The Daily, Thorpe and Miss Harris said the
Panhellenic and IFC Councils agreed with President Hatcher that
the processes of education and personal and group convictions will
ring us forward faster, and on a sounder basis, than the proposed
methods of coercion."
* * * *
THORPE AND MISS HARRIS pointed out two definite steps taken
y the IFC and Panhel to facilitate discriminatory clause removal.
They are:1) the establishment of a Big Ten Counseling and Informa-
ion service at the University; and 2) recommendations by the Big
'en IFC's and Panhels that their members take bias clause removal


Delta Tau Delta's president Bob Shetler, '52E, said his chap-
ter "definitely will take action and/or will vote in favor of re-
moving restrictive clauses" at their national convention in August.
Sigma Alpha Mu will fight for removal of their clause in August
in spite of the convention's defeat of such a motion last year, accord-
ing to SAM president Bill Altman, '52BAd.
A motion to remove bias clauses will also be brought up by Alpha
Tau Omega at their convention in June. ATO's president Don Weir,
'53A&D, said that in the past such a motion had been tabled after
the predominating Southern chapters threatened to drop out of the
national fraternity if bias clauses were removed.
TRIGON'S PRESIDENT Jim Sellgren, '54, said his fraternity was
attempting to affiliate with a national and obtain a constitution from
them mxwithAon. a c raiz.P

only way his fraternity's clause would be removed was in a "piece-
meal" fashion.
LaRue felt SL was "stepping out of bounds in attempting to
achieve something that was already gradually taking place." He ex-
pressed the belief that SL was antagonizing the fraternities by its
Phi Delta Theta president, Doug Lawrence, '53 A&D, believed
discussion of discriminatory clauses was on the :,agenda for their
August convention but said his chapter "hasn't been really concerned
about restrictive clause removal on this campus although it has been
Sigma Chi's president Bud Stoddard, '52BAd, felt that while
feelings in his fraternity towards cluse removal were mixed, "the
strongest feeling is to maintain the status quo."
The presidents of Lambda Chi Alpha, Theta Chi, Sigma Nu and

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