THE MICHIGAN DAILY
bLNi Ai$ AAI 18, 19 2
The German Problem
THIS TUESDAY may go down as one of
the most decisive dates'in history. At
that time, the Foreign Ministers of the
United States, Great Britain, France and
West Germany will meet to decide whether
the proposed Contractual Agreement be-
tween the Western Powers and West Ger-
many will be signed. On this agreement
hangs the future of Germany and perhaps
of the world.
Originally, the meeting was to be a
routine affair-merely the formal sign-
ing of a document integrating West Ger-
many into the European Defense Com-
munity. The agreement is the West's sub-
stitute for a peace treaty. It sets the terms
for West Germany's contribution to Eur-
opean defense and for the maintenance
of Allied troops in the country. It also
gives West Germany a large' measure of
national sovereignty. No one was expect-
ing trouble in the signing of the Agree-
Then Russia, in a counter-move, proposed
the irpmediate political union of East and
West Germany, and a subsequent peace
The Kremlin was forced into making the
proposal. If the Contractual Agreement
was approved, Russia would suffer its great-
est setback in the, cold war. It would mean
that the industrial might and military po-
tential of West Germany would be aligned
against the Communists, with a correspond-
ing increase in the confidence of Western
European nations in their ability to with-
stand potential Russian aggression.
By making its unification proposal,
Russia has given West Germany an ex-
cuse to make formal demands for unity,
which they want above all else.
Needless to say, the Western Allies could
not let the Russian unification offer go
unanswered. Last Monday, after careful
deliberation, they reaffirmed their agree-
ment in principle with the Red proposal,
subject to the following reservations:
1-There can be no discussion of a peace
treaty until there is a unified and free
German government to deal with.
2-That government must have real
freedom of action.
3-The way to set up the government is
through free all-German elections super-
vised by an impartial United Nations com-
mission with access to the whole country
The insistence upon an impartial com-
mission is considered necessary to avoid
Russian interference in the East German
elections. The West's -reply was made
shortly after a UN Commission reported
that it is impossible to gain unhindered
access to Eastern Germany. The Soviets
thus being forced into a defensive posi-
tion, a proper answer to the Allies' note
will probably tax Russian ingenuity to
But despite the surface enthusiasm for
German unification, it doesn't appear that
the United States really wants a unified Ger-
many. U. S. policy would suffer a severe
setback with the formation of a new Ger-
many. Such a state would probably never
enter NATO, preferring to become a third
power, possibly playing off the East against
the West. In addition, an invigorated and
reunified Germany is liable to scare France
into an isolationist attitude, thereby com-
pletely wrecking NATO.
* * *
OVER AND above the international power
politics, the internal German situation
has increasingly complicated the situation.
The powerful Socialists, along with several
minor parties have dogmatically maintained
that contractual agreement with the West
is a sell-out on unification. This stand has
had considerable influence with the people,
as is indicated by the local electoral vic-
tories for the Socialists in the state of Hesse.
On the other side, the Free Democratic
and "German" Parties, who are Chancel-
lor Adenauer's allies and form the parlia-
mentary coalition that has been main-
taining him in power, favor cooperation
with the west but object to the contract-
ual agreement as it stands.
This coalition, whose undivided support is
necessary to Adenauer if he is to get the
Agreement through parliament, has de-
manded that the following points be in-
1-The Federal German Government must
be given full and unconditional sovereignty.
2-No allied-imposed laws shall be taken
over and maintained by the German State.
3-The future German armed forces
must have the right to defend only their
own "fatherland and not "foreign in-
4-The new agreements must not in-
volve payment of "new reparations."
5-Foreign nationals shall have no pre-
ferential treatment under the terms of the
new "equalization of borders" law which
is being put before parliament and which
redistributed prperty for the benefit of
6-When a mixed Allied-German com-
mission is set uli to review the cases of
German war criminals no single power
represented on the commission can veto
the decision of the majority.
7-The Western Powers must declare
their intention of helping to solve the Saar
8-The final negotiations over the new
agreements should be carried out not by
the High Commissioners but by the Foreign
Ministers of the Western Powers.
Chancellor Adenauer, the head of the
Christian Democratic Party, has consist-
ently bargained and worked with the
West in the formation of the Agreement.
As a realist, he realizes that the Western
powers have no intention of changing the
agreement to meet his opposition's de-
mands; that they cannot afford to give
full sovereignty to West Germany; that
he has already agreed to allow Allied im-
posed laws to be taken over by his gov-
ernment, particularly in the economic
field; and that the Allies will allow the
creation of a German army only under
the Europeaq Defense Community Plan.
Chancellor Adenauer, a proven friend of
the West, still has several bargaining points
which may enable him to convince the West-
ern Germans to accept the Contractual
Agreement. His ace in the hole is simply
this: if the Agreement is not accepted, West
Germany will be where it was a year ago-
a defeated power occupied by and subject to
the direct control of the Allies. Moreover,
Adenauer's popularity with the German
people, who appreciate the well-ordered
government he has given them, may swing
the pendulum his way.
THIS PERPLEXING situation could re-
solve itself in several ways:
Russia could accept the Allied terms for
unification, and through subsequent nego-
tiations, could cause excessive delay, a la
Korea, thereby forestalling union of West
Germany with West Europe and killing
NATO's armament time schedule.
The Bundestag, the German parliament,
could veto the Contractual Agreement, com-
pletely upsetting Allied strategy. The worst
effect of this would be political turmoil-
since Adenauer would probablyaresign and
any subsequent government would have to
start from scratch.
Or, the Agreement could be signed and
sealed, formally integrating Western Ger-
many into the European Defense Com-
munity. This would mean that East and
West would finally and irrevocably be
alligned into two armed camps. As a re-
sult, tension would mount, and the Rus-
sians might attempt another blockade of
The possibility that Russia would invade
Germany after the signing of the Agree-
ment must also loom large in the minds of
the Western Germans and Allies.
A NEW ASSOCIATION will be formed to-
night - an association of Asian and
American students dedicated to the goal of
international understanding and good will.
Today more than ever, there is an ur-
gent need for such a group. After World
War II this country found itself in a
position in which it was forced to deal
with problems and situations which had
no precedent in its short history. Among
these, probably the most difficult were
its relations with the relatively isolated
peoples of Asia. Generations of prejudice
and ignorance had to be overcome in a
short span of years.
This struggle for understanding continues
today. And it is why the new Asian-Ameri-
can organization is so important. For it
will, according to the preamble of the new
group's constitution, "Make a concerted ef'
fort to present to this part of the hemis-
phere and especially the University campus,
Asian culture, experience and civilization."
It is an opportunity which few students
concerned with the problem of world peace
and understanding can afford to neglect.
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-The signs suddenly sug-
gest that the Democrats are heading
for an even bigger, louder, angrier conven-
tion-time row than the Republicans. The
reason is the President's abrupt but clearly
apparent decision to fight it out on the Fair
Deal line if the proceedings in Chicago go
on all summer.
In the previous period, when Gov. Adlai
Stevenson of Illinois was being pressed .to
become the Democratic nominee, binding
up the party's wounds was the White
House note. But now the President is
planning on inflaming the old wounds
and opening some new ones, as the fol-
lowing facts plainly indicate.
Item: Americans for Democratic Action
are the bugbear of all Southerners and
other Conservative Democrats. In the past,
not even Harry F. Byrd hated the A.D.A.
more than Harry S. Truman, since the
A.D.A. rather tactlessly suggested that the
President had better not run again in 1948.
Yet Truman has now consented to give the
main speech at the A.D.A. convention in
Washington this weekend. Moreover, he is
expected to deliver what has been described
as "a real rip-snorter." stridently denounc-
ing any Democratic tendencies toward com-
promise or conservatism.
Item: The President's choice for keynoter
of the Democratic National Convention is
none other than Sen. Hubert Humphrey, of
Minnesota, who persuaded the 1948 con-
vention to give all-out indorsement to the
F.E.P.C. Rather naturally. Southern Demo-
crats also waste no love whatever on Sen.
For this reason, Chairman Frank Mc-
Kinney of the Democratic National Com-
mittee desperately tried to persuade Tru-
man to forget about Humphrey and to
keynote the National Convention himself.
McKinney failed utterly, and as of today,
the Presidential choice stands.
Just to make this choice of Humphrey
even more significant at trouble-inviting,
Humphrey is meanwhile organizing a pro-
F.E.P.C. bloc of Northern states. The object
is to have a ready-made convention major-
ity which will automatically repeat the
1948 decision against civil rights compro-
mise. In addition, Sen. Humphrey would not
be averse to the Vice-Presidential nomina-
Altogether, if the President insists on
sending Humphrey to the convention ros-
trum as party keynoter, the riot squads are
likely to be needed to keep the Southern
delegation from committing mayhem.
Item: W. Averill Harriman, who is the
Presidential candidate currently favored
at the White House, has been carrying on
a real Fair-Deal-all-the-way campaign.
Harriman has made it plain that he places
his chief reliance on the support of the
labor groups. He has endorsed the F.E.P.C.
without serious qualifications. He has
strongly emphasized that he can defeat
General of the Army Dwight D. Eisen-
hower for the specific reason that he will
appeal to left-wing voting groups, while
the General is expected to take a rather
conservative line on domestic issues.
Furthermore, Harriman is plainly ceasing
to be the negligible political factor that he
was when he made his announcement. He
has hardly become a great orator, but he
has shown courage, energy and determina-
tion. This showing has impressed a good
many of the Northern politicians, and what
may be described as contingent pledges to
Harriman are being made by such leaders
as Mayor David Lawrence, of Pittsburgh.
Gov. Stevenson has also promised to try to
hold the Illinois delegation for Harriman,
despite the declaration for Sen. Estes Ke-
fauver by Illinois Sen. Paul Douglas.
In short, if no movement to draft Gov.
Stevenson materializes in the interval,
Harriman may well come into the con-
vention with a more sizeable bloc of
delegates than was first anticipated. This
bloc will be built up around Harriman's
basic strength in New York. It can con-
ceivably number more than 200-all of
them red hot, pro-F.E.P.C. Fair Dealers.
Thus Harriman will become a bright red
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN1
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
(Continued from page 21
Chapman and Rubesin on.heat trans-
fer from a non-isothermal flat plate.
Sophomores intending to Obtain a
Teachers Certificate: The new program
for dual certification will go into effect
next fall for a limited number of stu-
dents. Bulletin now available at School
of Education office.
The Research Seminar in Quantita-
tive Economics, the Department of
Mathematics, and the survey Research
Center are sponsoring a talk by Dr. P.
V. Sukhatme, Visiting Professor in
Mathematical Statistics at Iowa State
College, and Chief of the Statistics
Branch, Food and Agriculture Organi-
zation, of the UN. "Measurement of
Non-Sampling Errors," 8 p.m., Mon.,
May 19 130 Business Administration.
Doctoral Examination for Jean Knox
McDonald, Astronomy; thesis: "Hydro-
gen Absorption Lines in the Spectra of
B-Type Stars," Mon., May 19, 2 p.m.,
Observatory. Chairman, L. H. Aller.
Doctoral Examination for Martin T.
Wechsler, Mathematics; thesis: "A
Characterization of Certain Topological
Spaces by Means of their Groups of
Homeomorphisms," Mon., May 19, 2
p.m., 3014 Angell Hall. Chairman, H.
Doctoral Examination for Frederick
Charles Kull, Bacteriology; thesis: 'An
Investigation of a Specific Sedimenta-
tion Effect of Certain Synthetic Com-
pounds on Pneumococci," Tues., May
20, 9 a.m., 152 E. Medical Bldg. Chair-
man, W. J. Nungester.
Doctoral Examination for Joseph W.
Chamberlain, Astronomy; thesis: "The
Excitation of the Network Nebulae in
Cygnus," Tues., May 20, 2 p.m., Ob-
servatory. Chairman, L. H. Aller.
Doctoral Examination for Arthur
Louis Henze, Education thesis: "Rela-
tion of Parental Authoritarianism to
the Adjustment of Home-Resident Col-
Iege Students." Tues., May 20, 4 p.m.,
4019 University High School. Chairman,
H. C. Koch.
Doctoral Examination for Richard
Kemp Brown, Electrical Engineering;
thesis: "Measurement of the Velocity of
Propagation of a Sound Wave in the
Ocean as a Continuous Function of
Depth," Tues., May 20, 1:15 p.m., 3521 E.
Engineering Bldg. Chairman, L. N.
Doctoral Examination for Richard
Harry Licata, Anatomy; thesis: "The
Human Embryonic Heart at the Begin-
ning of the Third Mdnth," Tues., May
20, 2:30 p.m., 3502 E. Medical Bldg.
Chairman, B. M. Patten.
Seminar in Complex Variables. Mon.,
May 19, 3 p.m., 247 W. Engineering Bldg.
Mr. Line will speak on "Natural Boun-
daries." Mr. Brauer will speak on "The
Theorem of Jentzsch."
'Doctoral Examination for Lauren G.
Woodby, Education; thesis: "A Syn-
thesis and Evaluation of Subject-Mat-
ter Topics in Mathematics for General
Education," Tues., May 20, -4 p.m., E.
Council Room, Rackham Bldg. Chair-
man, F. D. Curtis.
Strdent Recital: Eugenia Wells. so-
prano, will present a recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music at 4:15
p.m., Sun, May 18, in the Architecture
Auditorium. A pupil of Arthur Hack-
ett, Miss Wells will sing works by
Haydn, Campra, Bach, Mozart, William
Walton and Schubert. The general pub-
lic is invited.
Student Recital: Camilla Duncan, pi-
anist, will appear in recital at 8:30 p.m.,
Sun., May 18, in the Architecture Audi-
torium, in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Bachelor
of Music. The program will include
works by Bach, Beethoven, Schumann
and Bartok, and will be open to the
public, Miss Duncan is a pupil of John
Student Recital: Louise Leonard,
string major in the School of Music,
will present a program in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music at 8:30
p.m., Mon., May 19, in the Architecture
Auditorium. Miss Leonard studies vio-
lin with Emil Raab and cello with Oli-
ver Edel. Her recital will be open to
Student Recital: James Fudge, Bass,
will be heard at 8:30 p.m., Tues., May
20, in the Rackham Assembly Hall,
singing a program in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the de-
gree of Master of Music. A pupil of
Harold Haugh, Mr. Fudge will open his
program with four songs by Purcell,
and continue with works by Arnold,
Schumann, Mozart, Verdi, Mason, Grif-
fes and Mendelssohn. The public is in-
Student Recital. Leland Bartholomew,
graduate student in the School of Music,
will present a program in.slieu of a
thesis for the degree of Master of Mu-
First Suite in Eb.........Gustav Hoist
Divertissement- "The Three Trumpe-
First Trumpet-Paul Wlllwerth,
Second T'rumpet - Donald Haas,
'T'hird Trumpet-Donald McComas,
March-Noble Men,...Henry Fillmore
From The Hit Parade- Blue Tango"
Mass from "La Fiesta Mexicana" -.--
Fantasy on Negro Spirituals-"River
Jordan" ............ Maurice Whitney
Finale from Symphony in F Minor
(no. 4) ......... P. I. Tschaikowsky
The next concert will be presented on
Tues., May 27, 7: 15 p.m., "On the Mall."
In case of inclement weather, the
concert will be presented on Wed., May
28, 7:15 p.m.
Student Exhibitions-College of Ar-
chitecture and Design through May 25
in the Museum of Art Galleries, Alumni
Memorial Hall. Monday through Satur-
day, 9 to 5; Sunday, 2 to 5. The public
Congregational-Disciples Guild. 7 p.-
n., progra'ai at the Guild House. Mr.
DeWitt C. Baldwin, director of the Stu-
dent Religious Association, wil speak on
the role of the various world religions
in the world struggle. Election of Guild
We('yan Guild. Guild supper and
program at 5:30 p.m. Rev. Joe Smith
will speak on the subject: "The Church
and Communism in China."
Lutheran Student Association. Senior
Supper at the Center, 6 p.m. Program
and installation of officers, 7 p.m.
Unitarian Student Group. Last regu-
lar meeting for the semester, Lane Hall,
7 p.m. Dr. John Shepard will show
slides and discuss his research on the
topic: "The Mind of the Rat."
Canterbury Club: Supper and discus-
sion, 5:30 p.m. Speaker is world-re-
nowned Shakespeare authority, J. B.
Harrison speaking on "St. John's Gos-
pel." Since it is International Day a
group of foreign students will be guests.
International Get-Together, sponsored
by the International Committee of In-
ter-Guild, Presbyterian Church, 8:15
p.m. All students Invited.
Deutscher Verein, Picnic, 2 p.m. at
Island Park. Everyone welcome. Small
fee to be paid there.
IZFA. Picnic at the Island. Detroit
and Toledo groups will be in for this
occasion. Bring your own lunch and
meet at 2 p.m. at W.A.B. Everyone is
La P'tite causette meets Monday
from 3:30 to 5 p.m. in south room,
Spanish Club. Final meeting, Wed.,
May 21, 7:30 p.m., League. Program:
election of officers for next year, an-
nual poetry contest, announcement of
winners of the scholarship to Mexico,
dancing and refreshments.
Volunteer Naval Research Reserve
Unit 9-3. Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Mon., May
19, 2082 Natural Science Bldg. Speaker:
Prof. W. L. Tiedeman. "Problems in
Le Cercle Francais. Meeting, Tues.,
May 20, 8 p.m. League. Skit: Columbus
Re-discovers America; movie, slides,
election of officers for fall semester.
All members urged to come.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Chuck Elliott ........Managing Editor
Bob Keith.................City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson ..........Feature Editor
Ron Watts .............Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn ...........Associate Editor
Ted Papes ................Sports Editor
George Flint ....Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker ..:..Associate Sports Editor
Jan James..............Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
Bob Miller .......... Buslnem Mftnager
Gene Kuthy, Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ....Advertising Manager
Milt Goetz........Circulation Manager
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
S ENERAL MacARTHUR says a "dreadful fear is growing in many
patriotic hearts" that the United States will decide to "scuttle
By that he means backing away from "our traditional friends
and alliances and the raw resources of that half of the globe so
vital in the balance of world power" and yielding it to the iron
This fear could exist among people who are fanatically devoted
to Pacific defense as opposed to what they see as the lesser needs of
Europe-the type of people from whom MacArthur might naturally be
expected to hear. But is there any basis for it?
Up to now the United States has reacted with far greater force
to preserve the Pacific line against Communist aggression than it has
anywhere else-by actually going to war.
New mutual defense treaties have just been signed with New
Zealond, Australia, Japan and the Philippines. The formation of
commission and other organizations to see that cooperation Is
developed to the utmost is even now under way.
The Anglo-French-American Entente, by its very naturalness,
operates in the far Pacific just as in the rest of the world. One section
of the State Department is just as active today in consideration of
the Indochina problem as another section is intent on Germany and
Western European defense.
Russia's great military strength today is in Europe, and must be
met there. If there is to be an Armageddon in this generation, it will
be fought there. A comparison of the immediate effect of a Commun-
ist conquest of Western Europe with a Communist conquest of the
rest of Asia makes that clear.
But that is not to deny that conquest of Asia would eventually
produce its own Armageddon. The problems are just different.
Mobilization of Asia as an' immediate threat to the United States
would be an extremely long-range task, whereas Europe stands
as a ready-made arsenal for use against us if it gets into the
MacArthur made his statement in the course of one of the most
highly political speeches of his career. He used it as a peg upon which
to state that retreat from the Pacific would force California, Oregon
and Washington to assume the hazards of a defense frontier. He
spoke on the eve of the Oregon primary. He spoke at the same time
against a "military man"-General Eisenhower-for President. Gen-
eral Eisenhower is the symbol o fhte "Europe first" policy now, just
as he was during the war when MacArthur was trying without too
much success to get more strength for his own Pacific re-conquest.
These things are the real background against which to consider the
"scuttling" statement, rather than any discernible trend in Americgn
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Usually placid "uncle" Omar Bradley, chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, practically burned up the telecom-
munications between Washington and Tokyo the other night over the
Bradley came down to te Pentagon at 8:3 p.m. after Brig.
Gen. Charles Colson had, published his statement of concessions
given to obtain the release of Brig. Gen. Francis Dodd. And he
stayed there until 11:30 p.m., exchanging caustic comments with
Gen. Mark Clark, who had stepped off his plane three days before
to find himself in a hornets' nest.
Here are the highlights of the bawling-out General Bradley gave
to the staff in Tokyo. It indicates how seriously the Koje Island fiasco
upset Washington and our international relations.
"Colson's agreement with prisoners of war received wide treat-
ment with sensational headlines," Bradley opened his talk with Tokyo.
"It affects propaganda position with rest of world very bad."
Bradley then angrily commented on the agreement that Colson
reached with the prisoners.
"Colson says in the future all prisoners of war can expect
'humane treatment in this camp according to the principles of
international law'," commented General Bradley. "This implies
that we have not been giving them humane treatment according to
the principles of international law. Our understanding here is
that they have always received humane treatment and that the
principles of international law have been continually upheld .. .
"Colson states: 'I will do all within my power to eliminate further
violence and bloodshed.' It is assumed that we have always taken all
steps possible to prevent violence and bloodshed but that violence on
the part of the prisoners has in some cases led to bloodshed and that
Colson made this statement merely to satisfy Communist demands .,.
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE?
"COLSON STATED that if such incidents appear in the future he
would be responsible," continued the chairman of the Joint Chiefs.
"Difficult to understand this statement because it is our understand-
ing that all previous cases have been caused by the action of the
prisoners themselves .. .
"Colson states: 'I can inform you that after General Dodd's re-
lease there will be no more forcible screening or any rearming of
prisoners of war in this camp, nor will any attempt be made at nom-
"This statement seems to violate our principles on which the
whole armistice negotiations now hang. As to the rearming of
prisoners of war, we have no information here that prisoners of
war in the camps have ever been rearmed."
Bradley, still hot under the collar, added in his trans-Pacific
talk with General Clark: "You stated that Colson's reply was made
under duress and that the Communists' demands were unadulterated
blackmail and any commitments made by General Colson as a result
of such demands should be interpreted accordingly. This has raised
the question in the minds of the President and the public as to
whether Colson's commitments will be honored. Need to know here
soonest what your intentions are and what you would recommend,
CLARK REPLIED: "By virtue of Colson's assignment as camp com-
mander he necessarily assumes responsibility for all incidents
which occur." Clark then told Bradley that he was directing "General
Van Fleet to relieve Colson from command at Koje-Do during the
period of investigation."
In further reply to Bradley's long tirade, Clark said: "It is
difficult for us, too, to understand Colson's statement. Suggest
public statement indicating that clarification will come from in-
vestigation now under way." So far, Clark's report oi the investi-
gation has not been completed.
In reply to Bradley's remarks about rearming prisoners, Clark de-
clared flatly: "No prisoner of war has been armed, nor is it contem-
plated that any prisoner of war will be armed for any purpose.
Colson states that Communist leaders at Koje-Do clearly referred to
possibility that prisoners of war and civilian internees transferred to
J CURRENT MiOV/IES]
At The State...
U. S. A., with Humphrey
THE NEWSPAPER lobby, which has been
rather inarticulate since the days of Lee
Tracy, has recaptured Hollywood again. "A
newspaper is more than a building; it is the
flesh and blood of the people who work
there." It is also "the first defense of a free.
people against organized crime." To say
nothing of the fact that newspapermen
follow "the second oldest profession" and
that "they can't get the printer's ink out of
The current local offering is nothing
special in the genre. Despite competent
IT IS DEMONSTRABLE that all is neces-
sarily for the best end. Observe that the
nose has been formed to bear spectacles .. .
legs were visibly designed for stockings .. .
stones were designed to construct castles
... pigs were made so that we might have
pork all year round. Consequently . . , all is
for the best.
-Prof. Pangloss in "Candide"
dialogue, it battles in vain to stem the
torrent of cliches, and is, in the end, en-
gulfed by the perfect inevitability of the
pattern. It would be nice to believe all the
things presented here; but newspapermen,
even Pulitzer Prize winners, don't really
have hearts of gold. And in my experience
devotion among reporters toward big-
circulation metropolitan organs falls some-
what short of that displayed by the mem-
bers of the movie paper. Consequently,
the picture becomes almost as phony as
Humphrey Bogart, who has moved from
the shadow of gangster types through the
twilight zone of "Casablanca" smoothies,
now arrives in the pure white garb of the
crusader, a role he fitted admirably in "The
Enforcer." Again his implacable opponent is
"organized crime." Many of the things he
says about the evil are too true; it is a
shame that there aren't more newspapers
Agreeing with him throughout is Ethel
Barrymore, who fills the role of a pleasant
dowager unnecessary to the plot. Kim
Hunter plays Bogart's ex-wife, a role
which calls for her to be insulted by the
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