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May 13, 1952 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1952-05-13

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MAY DAY
See Page 4

COOL AND CLOUDY

Latest Deadline in the State

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VOL. LXII, No. 156 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 13, 1952

SIX PAGES

Tension Mounts
InWest Germany
Reds Threaten Sudden Renewal
Of Cold War Over Peace Pact
BERLIN-(AP)--East German Communists yesterday threatened
a harsh new cold war and Russian reprisals against West Berlin
if the Bonn Government signs the proposed peace contract with
the West.
A full Soviet-inspired campaign got under way to keep West
Germany from rearming in the Western European defense camp.
It carried with it predictions that East Germany, in return for such
a move, would become a full-fledged, rarmed satellite in the Comin-
form.
EAST GERMAN Deputy Prime Minister Walter Ulbricht, Mos-

Hatcher

Cites

Religious

Needs

* * *

Dodd Pacet
Said To Be
Erroneous
By The Associated Press
The Defense Department de-
clared yesterday the agreement
signed by Brig. Gen. Charlie F.
Colson with Communist leaders
in the Koje Island prison camp
off Korea gave several erroneous
impressions.
Colson signed an agreement
with the camp leaders in securing
the release of Brig. Gen. Francis
T. Dodd. Dodd had been seized by
the Reds in the camp stockade
and held several days.
COLSON was said to hake told
the Reds there had been instances
of bloodshed where "many prison-
ers of war have been killed and
wounded by U.N. forces.
The Defense Department said
in a formal statement:
*Preliminary investigations
reveal that his (Colson's) state-
ments concerning bloodshed and
violence referred to previous in-
cidents at PW camps brought on
by the rioting of the prisoners.
Meanwhile, the Communists
yesterday accused Allied war-
planes of strafing the Red armis-
tice delegation and killing one of
its staff members yesterday. They
also voiced further bitter charges
against Allied treatment of prison-
ers of war.
Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy in
turn accused the Communists of
continuing "to utilize these meet-
ings solely as a device to put your
vicious propaganda before the
world."
'U' Beware
Gargoyle 'Tis
Approaching

cow-trained hatchet-man in the
Soviet Zone Politburo, told 300 re-
porters here his government would
oppose measure for measure "with
scientific exactness" any moves
by West Germany to put 400,000
soldiers in the proposed European
army.
He added ominously that "the
day the peace contract is signed,
West Berlin will learn its con-
sequences."
Whether this would be a repeti-
tion of the 1948 Berlin blockade,
he said, is up to the Soviet Con-
trol Commission.
ULBRICHT called the unusual
news conference for East and West
journalists to harangue them for
two hours with bitter denuncia-
tions of Allied plans for what he
called a "general war contract."
The West German govern-
ment in Bonn made counter-
charges today that the Com-
munists are preparing civil war,
with emphasis on training young
Red fanatics in the Free Ger-
man Youth (FDJ) organization
in riot and disruption tactics.
East German sources foresaw
quick enactment of a military
draft in their zone, with the ex-
pending of the Communist cabi-
net to include a defense minister.
Such moves would enable East
Germany quickly to raise an .esti-
mated 350,000 soldiers by fall,
comprising a hard core of 60,000
already well-armed "alert units"
and a big backlog of former peo-
ple's police who have seen two
years of active service.
Ulbricht openly warned the West
that the campaign of resistance
against the peace contract would
Include more mass demonstra-
tions such as the one in Essen
yesterday in which one Commun-
ist youth was killed.
Divided and jittery Berlin, 100
miles inside the Soviet Zone, ap-
peared once again to be the pawn
in the East-West struggle for con-
trol of Germany. East German
informants have predicted the
Reds may once again demand that
all foreign troops be withdrawn
from the beleaguered city-a pro-.
posal the West is certain to re-
ject.

PRESIDENT HATCHER
. .. Religious Plan
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- The House
yesterday ordered separate probes
of radio and television programs
and books, magazines and comic
books.
WASHINGTON - Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower said yesterday that
to cut much more than a billion
dollars out of the American for-
eign aid program would have a
profound effect "both in discour-
aging our friends and encouraging
those potentially hostile to us."
S * *
WASHINGTON-President Tru-
man has approved Defense De-
partment plans to broadcast in-
formation about political candi-
dates and issues to members of the
Armed Forces in connection with
this year's presidential election.
This was disclosed yesterday as
Truman asked Congress for a sec-
ond time for quick action on leg-
islation to allow those in service
to vote by a federal ballot if they
are unable to vote by absentee
ballot under the laws of their
home state.
ANGOLA, La.-- Twenty-five
leaders of a four-day sit down
and hunger strike were in soli.
tary confinement at the State
penitentiary here yesterday aft-
er the strike was broken by a
gas attack on the dining hall
of Camp H.
NEW YORK-John Foster Dul-
les said yesterday that many na-
tions fear the Soviet army less
than they fear "that the United
States may rashly precipitate ato-
mic warfare."

Gives Plans
For Spiritual
Orientation
Outlines 3 Point
'U' Program
By HARRY LUNN
Decrying the lack of spiritual
development in our national life
and educational system, President
Harlan H. Hatcher revealed his
plans yesterday for a broad pro-
gram of religiously - orientated
study at the University.
In an address to more than
1000 students assembled at Hill
Auditorium, President Hatcher
outlined a three-part plan de-
signed to "create an atmosphere
in which certain spiritual values
would be recognized on campus."
HIS PLAN proposed:
1) A "private personal realiza-
tion of spiritual values."
2) Establishment of full cred-
it courses in various depart-
ments surveying religious his-
tory, culture and philosophy.
3) Annual week-long campus
visits by "persons of world re-
nown who can provide inspiration
and leadership in this field."
President Hatcher announced
that millionaire industrialist C. S.
Mott has presented the University
with $25,000 in yearly $5,000 in-
stallments to finance the latter
project.
*. *~ *
DEVELOPING his theme of
spiritual unfulfillment, he empha-
sized that throughout America's
history, education has centered
largely on techniques to increase
the standard of living.
He cited the "uneasiness, frus-
tration and misunderstanding"
stemming from present inter-
national tensions, and declared
that "while we have moved to-
ward the achievement of physi-
cal well-being, we have not
achieved that additional dimen-
sion perhaps best described as
happiness of the mind and soul."
President Hatcher's recommen-
dations were similar in one respect
to the Student Legislature-approv-
ed report on religious study which
asked establishment of religious
courses in various departments.
Local religious leaders and fac-
ulty members have hailed the SL
program as a necessary improve-
ment in the University curriculum.
3* *
PREVIOUS to the Convocation,
SL members had solicited sugges-
tions for President Hatcher's talk
from the student body.
SL secretary Sue Popkin, '54,
said the religion issue, campus
civil liberties and University
policies regarding balance be-
tween the graduate and under-
graduate school were the topics
more often suggested.
Covering the general field of
campus liberties, President Hatch-
er emphasized that the pursuit of
truth and free discussion are sa-
cred and protected by the Uni-
versity.
Referring to the Lecture Com-
mittee, he said that it had been
set up by a "devoted and seriously
concerned" Board of Regents.
The Regents, he said, decided
that "the halls of the University
should not be open to exploitation
by those who seek to make a cir-
cus out of the freedoms establish-!
ed in the Declaration of Indepen-
dence and the Constitution."
He said the McPhaul dinner'
was "not a question of freedom

of speech, but a question of hon-
esty" and called it an example of!
"calculated duplicity" which de-
serves the condemnation of every
member of the community."
* * *t

T

Supreme Court
Government's

Hears
iews

On

Steel

Strike

Today

4

*

*

Fox Tells Story Behind
Jackson Prison Rioting
* * * o

-Daily-Bill Nelle
VERNON FOX
... Psychologist
State Parole
.Board Defends
Its :Policies
By The Associated Press
The State Parole Board, target
of some of the bitterest barbs of
rioting inmates at Southern Mi-
chigan Prison, yesterday broke its
silence to defend its policies.
The prison riot, the Board
charged, stemmed from prison
mismanagement rather than the
Board's shortcomings.
During and after the rioting,
guards and some prison officials
joined the convicts in contending,
that the Parole Board's "tough
attitude" was part of the cause of
inmate unrest.
Governor Williams yesterday
rejected the Board's request for a
"competent, professional and im-
partial commission" to investigate
charges that its policies caused
the riot.
He said it was possible that his
fact-finding committee which is
just winding up its investigation
at the prison would cite parole
policies as a cause of the riot, but
he said that did not necessarily
mean the Board's policies were
wrong.

The story behind the story of
last month's Southern Michigan
Prison riot was told last night by
Deputy Warden Vernon Fox to an
enthusiastic and sympathetic Uni-
versity audience,
In a talk sponsored by the so-
ciology department the young
psychologist, recently relieved of
his prison duties for a controver-
sial congratulatory message to the
rioters, said, "I don't know wheth-
er I was right," referring to the
conciliatory methods with which
he brought the 93-hour disturb-
ance to, a halt.
But in his vivid description of
the long mutiny Fox inferred that
the psychological techniques he
employed were the only means
available to save the lives of 8
guards held hostage in nerve-cen-
ter Block 15.
* * *
USING BROAD gestures and
grimacing frequently the swarthy
penal expert outlined the methods
by which he had handled paranoic
convict leader Earl Ward. He re-
iterated previous statements that
the message over the intra-prison
radio network in which he told
the penned rioters that their mu-
tiny was in part, a praiseworthy
thing, was one of several condi-
tions laid down by Ward as pre-
requisites to surrendering the hos-
tage guards.
Fox claimed the speech was
merely a part of the delicate
psychology used throughout his
negotiations with the rioters'
leader. Ward, Fox recounted, de-
manded he congratulate the
convicts "to take us off the
hook."
"Which is exactly where it put
me," the psychologist added with
a smile.
* * *
"IN DEALING with the parano-
ic personality," he told his Kel-
logg Auditorium listeners, "you
don't tell him anything to make
him think he is being threatened.
You must placate the men-keep
them talking like we are doing
now in Korea."~
He indicated that as a result of
the riots the future of Michigan's
newly instituted system of reha-
bilitation through group therapy
was in danger.

*

Petitions Due
Tomorrow is the deadline for
completed petitions for the new
Joint Judiciary Council to be
returned to the Student Legis-
lature Bldg., 122 S. Forest, ac-
cording to John Merow, '52E.
Petitions may still be obtain-
ed from 3 to 5:30 p.m. in the
SL Bldg., or from 9 a.m. to 5
p.m. in the undergraduate of-
fices of the League, he added.
Report HST
To Use Taft
Labor Act
WASHINGTON-(P)-President
Truman was reported yesterday
to be ready to invoke the Taft-
Hartley Law's strike - stopping
court injunction provisions unless
the oil strike is settled soon.
Informed officials said the
White House was awaiting the
outcome of a meeting today be-
twegn oil industry representatives
and the striking unions before the
Wage Stabilization Board.
The oil strike of 90,000 work-
ers, now in its 14th day, has
caused curtailment of both
military and civilian flying.
However, record petroleum
stocks before the strike began
have kept strike effects to a
minimum.
In Britain, the British Euro-
pean Airways 'cut passenger ser-
vice to the continent. Both Britain
and the United States asked all
nations to conserve dwindling
aviation gasoline supplies. Many
countries depend on the U.S. for
plane fuel.
Truman was reported on the
verge of invoking the T-H emer-
gency provisions last week.
SPA To Discuss
Korean Talks
"Recent North Korean and Chi-
nese Truce Proposals vs. U.N.
Truce Proposals" will be the topic
of discussion at an open business
meeting of the Society For Peace-
ful Alternatives tomorrow evening
at 8:30 p.m. at the Union follow-
ing the regular meeting which will
begin at 7:30 p.m.

Last Session
Of Important
LegalBattle
Courtroom Full
For Historic Case
WASHINGTON-MP-The Su
preme Court was told yesterday
the Government is a "mere tres-
passer" and that President Tru-
man had no right, either in law
or under the Constitution, to seize
the steel mills.
But Administration lawyers con-
tended that, under the Constitu-
tion, Truman not only had the
right-but the duty-to take over
the plants and head off a nation-
wide steel strike.
The nation's highest court heard
more than three hours of argu-
ment on this question: "How far
can a President go in seizing pri-
vate property?"
SO GREAT was the interest in
this question that four times as
many people showed up as could
be accommodated. All the seatl
were taken long before the sessio
opened, and the crowd was lined
along the room.
Arguments today will wind up
the hearing. There was no indi-
cation when the Court may
hand down its verdict or whetha
er, when it does, it will rule on
the broad constitutional issue.
Presumably it could decide the '
case on lesser points.
Most of the arguments advanced
.yesterday have -been used before,
either in the lower courts or in
the various briefs filed by the
lawyers. Boiled down, here they
are:
For steel-Its case was advanc-
ed by John W. Davis, white haired,
79-year-old one-time Democratic
Presidential candidate.
DAVIS SAID that when Truman
seized the plants the night of
April 8 he was acting illegally,
that no law nor any part of the
Constitution gave him the right
to seize this property.
Actually, Davis said, Truman
could have stopped the strike
by using the Taft-Hartley law.
According to Davis, seizure could
cause his companies irreparable
harm, especially if Secretary of
Commerce Sawyer should nego-
tiate a contract with the 650,000
CIO steelworkers.
"A mere trespasser," was the
way Davis described Sawyer.
For the Government-It's argu-
ments were presented by Philip
B. Perlman, 62, acting Attorney
General who appeared in court
wearing a cutaway coat.
He conceded that Truman could
have used the Taft-Hartley act,
but said that by presenting the
case to the Wage Stabilization
Board, he already had used "an
alternative method."
'U' Atom Day'
Set for'_Today
More than 350 prominent busi-
ness executives will visit campus
today to spend "a day with 'the
atom" and find out what the Uni-
versity is doing and plans to do
in the field of atomic research.
Sponsored by the Michigan-Me-
morial Phoenix Project, "atom

Up from out the Gargoyle wig- ALIAS RICK JAMES:
w~a [AIA RC JME

Out into the dismal drizzle
Swooped the valiant wet-skin-
ned salesmen
Swooped to sell their home
grown maize
Came they forth to take thej
wampum
'round the Angell Hall they
tromp-urn
To torture prof. of English
Comp-um
Loud their sales cry splits the
x stillness
of the solemn sodden campus
Loud the hunters, called the
Hawk-men
Throwing-Bull and Falling
Water
Words of wisdom for a quarter
Thus there came to sell the
Gargoyle:
Who-Put-The-Liver-In-My-
Quiver Goldberg, Watch-
Where-You're-Shooting-
Those-Arrows Du Maupassant,
There's-a-Loose-Papoose-
In-My-Caboose Capote,
,Y He-Died-In-His-Teepee Lipton.
MVichioran Wins
Speech Honors
Michigan's Alpha Chapter of
Sigma Rho Tau, Nationn Honor-

History of Dishwasher
Throws Light on Case

By GENE HARTWIG
Events coming to light yesterday1
in the case of Rick James, former
South Quad dishwasher accused
of fleeing from an assault charge
in Chicago, cleared the air of a
good deal of mystery that has
surrounded the case.
James or Richard C. Moore, Jr.,
as he was known in Chicago, was
a patrolman in the 5th District of
the Chicago Police Department
until a year and a half ago. Dur-

IIn an interview Moore related
how he had been going with an
attractive policewoman on the
Chicago force in December of 1950.
According to Moore a lieutenant
on the force was also interestedbin
the young woman.
Moore tried to persuade her not
to go out with the lieutenant but
without success and in a fight
that followed he admitted 'rough-
ing her up.'
* * *

DRAMA SEASON OPENS:
'Goodbye My Fancy' To Begin Series
*. * *

By MARGE SHEPHERD
A lively comedy blending satir-
ical comment on college life with
genuine humor, the Drama Season
opener "Goodbye My Fancy" will
begin its five-day run at 8:15 p.m.

ing his four years on the force he THE WARRANT issued for his
won three citations. arrest charged Moore with 'mali-
* * * ciously beating the policewoman
MfOnRE WAR n td lby An with a gun butt and leavingz her

toda yin Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre.
Sylvia Sidney, of Broadway and
H TTllvwdr fae will ctn in t~h

viL z arresw a ay nn 1 a l o. LU11 ywoo ame, wil star in Le
Arbor police May 5 in South Quad for dead. Moore denied these DISCUSSING the charge that Fay Kanin play as Agatha Reed,
after being wounded in the thigh charges. the University is neglecting its an attractive, independent career
while trying to flee arrest. The Chicago lieutenant press- undergraduate school to build up woman. .
According to Chicago police ed charges and Moore fled, com- graduate education, President *
he was wanted on a charge of ing ultimately to Ann Arbor. Hatcher affirmed that "there is THE STORY is of a female ex-
assault with intent to murder Moore indicated that he now re- no thought of subordinating the war ocrrespondent and congress-
and bond forfeiture. grets his action. He said the undergraduate program in favor woman who returns to her alma
policewoman would not have of instruction at the graduate mater-the school from which she
pressed charges. level." was expelled 20 years before-for
Ensian Holds At the time of the incident "We will continue to enrich an honorary degree. Conincident-
Moore was suspended by Chicago and improve our undergraduate ally, Miss Sidney was herself ex-
Police Inspector Edwin Daky program," he declared. "A top- pelled from the New York Theatre
_ _ apending investigation by a police flight undergraduate school is Guild School for staying out after
board. needed to support graduate hours.

pervades the action with scenes
of commencement, dormitories,
giggling coeds and caricatured ad-
ministrators.
* * *I
MISS SIDNEY, who began her'
acting career after leaving school
at 15 and a brief but successfulI
stay in the theatre school, passed
through the series of bit parts in
Broadway plays triumphantly.
She came to ahe attention of
Hollywood and was signed for
one of the early talking pictures.
Disappointed with Hollywood
life, she returned to New York
and began' a chain of good roles.
Hollywood summoned the up-
and-coming young actress again
after her hit in "Bad Girl" and she
played in "An American Tragedy,"
"Street Scene," "Fury" and "Dead
E n d." Jumping from coast to
coast, Miss Sidney also appeared

SYLVIA SIDNEY
. . Drama Star
to the handsome, liberal minded

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