THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1952
___________________________ I I
3VIICHIGAN 'S SELECTION as the school
to head the Big Ten anti-bias program
is indeed heartening. With able leadership,
the Big Ten Counseling and Information
program should prove of great benefit in
aiding houses in clause removal.
Notwithstanding yesterday's editorial by
Crawford Young, the Acacia Plan will
prove to be the most effective method of
bias-clause removal. The plan places the
IFC squarely against discrmination. By
doing so, it also commits each house to
fight bias, and through its extension into
the Big Ten, places every fraternity or sor-
ority belonging to the Big Ten association
against such clauses.
Though the late IFC regime was delin-
quent in its responsibilities duriig the first
few months after passage of the Acacia pro-
gram, there are several encouraging signs of
progress here on .campus.-
Reports have been written dealing with
the anti-bias movement on campus and dis-
cussing results of the Survey Research Cen-
ter study on discrimination attitudes within
fraternities. Together with other informa-
tion, this material is being sent to national
headquarters of various fraternities and to
Greek groups on other campuses. Such pro-
gress as this is a small contribution to anti-
bias work, but it is encouraging in that it
represents the beginnings of a much more
Perhaps the greatest step forward is
Acacia's request for help in removal of its
own clause. This appeal for assistance will
give the new Counseling and Information
service a real chance to accomplish effec-
It should also be pointed out that had
there been a plan of coersion in effect, such
a request for assistance would probably not
have been made. No one likes to be blud-
geoned into action.
The IFC now has a definite goal to con-
centrate on, but there are still tremendous
responsibilities to be lived up to if the
Acacia program, oif any program short of
an absolute time limit, is to be success-
ful. It is up to the new officers of IFC
and Panhel to appoint interested, consci-
entious and hard-working people to staff
the Big Ten counseling service.
Furthermore a responsibility rests with
each house to request aid and assistance in
clause removal. They cannot be forced to
seek this help, but if they continually re-
fuse to recognize the serious problem of dis-
crimination and are blind to its implica-
tions, they will not only eventually ruin
themselves, but will disasterously jeopardize
the fraternity-sorority system as a whole.
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: CAL SAMRA
Justice Bill Douglas Survives
As the Liberal's First Choice
. . . etteri to the & lor .
FOR THOSE WHO reject Eisenhower's
white horse, Taft's All-American bally-
hoo, and Kefauver's coonskin morality, there
is one choice which can be made with a
clear conscience-Justice William O. Doug-
Since Douglas succeeded Justice Brand-
eis in the Supreme Court 13 years ago, he
has consistently stood out as one of the
few progressive liberals with integrity and
And the Justice makes no bones about his
liberalism. In contrast to Eisenhower, the
stand the Justice has taken on domestic and
foreign issues can easily be shown.
As a staunch New-Dealer, he has no illu-
sions as to the American equation that un-
restrained free enterprise is the only way to
preserve democracy. In the field of labor-
management and economics, Douglas has
been honestly sympathetic to labor, to con-
sumers, to small businessmen and small in-
Believing in a mixed economy the Justice
has said, "We can pass Sherman Acts and
Clayton Acts; we can create TVA's to restore
a competitive equilibrium. We can also na-
tionalize an industry whose power is too
great for private interests to possess."
* * *
HIS STAND ON civil liberties is uncom-
promising. "Peace and quiet may fol-
low if an obstreperous minority is denied the
right to free speech. But the deprivation of
any minority of its civil liberties is a high
price to pay for that peace and quiet."
Douglas' dissenting opinions in recent
Supreme Court cases will go down in his-
tory along side those of Holmes and Bran-
In the recent Dennis case in which the
Court upheld the imprisonment of the 11
Communists convicted under the Smith Act,
Douglas held that the 11 had not committed
an overt act but had attempted to teach
Marxist-Leninist doctrine as contained in
four books. Arguing that the books themsely-
are not outlawed, the Justice said, "This is
The campus will be given an oppor-
tunity today to participate in a Univer-
sity-sponsored project that performs an
outstanding community service.
The project is Tag Day and the service
is the operation of the University's Fresh
Air Camp. Instituted to provide summer
recreation for under-privileged children,
the camp performs a much greater serv-
ice, providing a recreational-rehabilita-
tion program designed to aid them in be-
coming good citizens.
Traditionally, students man the buckets
and call upon fellow students, faculty,
alumni and townspeople to contribute to
the fund. This year all four groups will
take turns with the buckets in order to
integrate the program more fully as a
The goal for the day-long drive is
$4,000. To have it fall short of this would
show a lack of community spirit and res-
to make freedom of speech turn not on what
is said but on the intent with which it is
said. Once we start down that road we
enter territory dangerous to the liberties of
In the same case on clear and present
danger-"Some nations less resilient than
the United States where illiteracy is high
and where democratic traditions are only
budding might have to take drastic steps
and jail these men for merely speaking
their creed. But in America the Commun-
ists are miserable merchants of unwanted
When the Court upheld, under the Mc-
Carran Act, the deportation of three aliens
who had been past members of the Com-
munist Party, Douglas said-"Punishmerit
through banishment from the country may
be placed upon an alien now not for what
he did but for what his political views once
were or are."
In a recent governmerW loyalty case,
Douglas condemned the absence of a fair
trial as "totalitarian" and the whole loy-
alty program as unconstitutional. "Every
government employee must take an oath
of loyalty. If he swears falsely he commits
perjury and can be tried in court. But
when a disloyalty charge is substituted for
perjury and an administrative board sub-
stituted for the court, the spirit and let-
ter of the Bill of Rights are offended."
Defending academic freedom, Douglas at-
tacked the N.Y. Feinberg Law as instigating
a 'spy system" in the schools.
THOUGH A FORMER supporter of Tru-
man's Point Four, Douglas now repudi-
ates the program.
Truman's plan is to give economic and
technical aid to Asiatic countries in order
to strengthen their economies. But Doug-
las protests on the ground that this aid
only serves to further the reactionary in-
terests of the wealthy land owners in
power. Douglas' sympathy lies with the
millions of peasants who suffer under this
With reference to the "American type"
revolution, Douglas feels that the only way
the oppressed can obtain land distribution
and other reforms is through a social revo-
lution and that the United States should aid
through propaganda and financial help to
promote such "democratic revolutions."
His basic humanitarianism stood out last
spring when he criticized Congress for bar-
gaining with bags of wheat while India
Protesting that re-armament is not
enough to prevent war, he has said,
"The choice today is not between war
and appeasement; our greatest error
would be to fashion our foreign policy
merely in terms of anti-Communism .. .
we will end by ranting at the spectre of
Communism but do nothing to eliminate
the conditions on which Communism
Douglas has said he will not run for Presi-
dent. But it is still interesting to note how
the opinions of a great man compares with
those of the less profound men running for
--Alice Bogdonoff and Jo Levine
Christian Birthright.. .
To the Editor:
IN AN EDITORIAL entitled "Re-
ligion in Education" (Wed..
Apr. 30) concerning New York's
released time decision, the writer
of the con expository column made
the statement that "Religion does
not belong in education." This as-
sertion engenders considerable
food for thought.
Let us first ask: What is educa-
tion? To educate is to develop the
natural powers and to shape char-1
acter by teaching, discipline and
other social processes. Education
is a three-fold growth in know-
ledge, in skills and in attitudes.
Educators comment that the
major portion of what is learned
is soon forgotten. What then re-
mains of the years spent in
schools? Wehretain a certain
amount of knowledge, and skills,
and that which is of fundamental
importance, the attitudes and the
character development, since these
influence personality and life hab-
Which attitudes do we wish to
inculcate? Justice Douglas express-
ed a sour'd idea in rendering the
decision when he said: "We are a
religious people whose institutions
presuppose a Supreme Being.
When the State encourages reli-
$ious instruction or cooperates
with religious authorities, etc., it
follows the best of our traditions."
In consequence can we not sug-
gest that a Christian education is
the birthright of every American
boy and girl. Instruction about
Christianity can easily be given
and the student could be led to
accept the Christian religion as
his own and adopt a Christian
philosophy of life as his philoso-
A Christian country or system
of education that does not produce
Christians or t h a t produces
practising atheists does not live
up to its name. Neutrality in such
questions as: "God or no God?";
"Man, Christian or materialist?"
is an illusion. Neutrality about
religion is an anti-religious atti-
"We, What Do You Think?"
spread dissatisfaction that the
University adopted a new policy
which took a year and a half to
formulate. Briefly, it is this:
Any student organization which
the University considers has worth-!
while aims and is responsible isI
.granted official recognition. With
this they are free to invite any,
speaker to address their group who
they feel will further the aims of
the organization and will con-
tribute to their development. The
sole responsibility and right to
promptly banned by the Univer-
sity. This action caused such wide-
choose speakers lies in the student
It is this plan that I believe
should be adopted by this Univer-
sity. As to what constitutes a re-
sponsible organization, the defini-
tion should be constructed as fol-
lows: any student group is respon-
sible, unless it, through one of its
speakers, violates a state or na-
tional law. In this case, the or-
ganization would be denied official
recognition for the remainder of
the semester in which the violation
occurred, as well as the next. Then
it would be given a second chance.
If it committed a second violation,
it would be denied recognition
This, basically, is the type of
p.tan .. oItee nYouiq ue ~ huupl^"u.
mediately use all of its influence
in cooperation with like minded
groups, to bring about the end de-
sired by the majority of those stu-
dents voting April 1 and 2.
To The Editor:
WHAT LEGITIMATE needs do
W students have that are filled
by Communist affiliation? Assume
a student with certain dearly held
ideals of justice: what will strike
him about our campus?
First, conceivably, its segregated
social facilities: the wasteful dup-
lication of a recreational building
for men with another for women.
He might wonder at an alumni
supremacy which permits ex-stu-
dents, no longer meaningfully con-
nected with the University, to ob-
struct, in the name of Tradition,
the reforms demanded by a major-
ity of the student body.
Of the welter of organizations
on campus our youth will find that
those with Communist sympathies
dramatize these conditions, that
their lecturers and leaflets protest
I submit that the University has
an obligation to our not-so-hypo-
thetical youth, that the motives
which may cause him to tie up
with pro-Communists are of a sort
it would do well to encourage, that
what our student objects to on
campus is in fact objectionable,
and that he has a right to the pas-
sionate avowals of democratic
faith he will hear from his left-
It must first assert its indepen-
dence of the alumni in the name
of a tradition greater and older
than that of the Little Brown Jug,
must support the creation of dem-
ocratic action groups.
The University will have to spon-
sor a permanent series of convo-
cations which all exposed to pro-
Communist lectures might well be
required to attend. Here dynamic
spokesmen for democracy would.
probe the Communist ideology,
would unmask its reactionary un-
derpinning-above all, would pre-
The University will not find an
answer to subtly autocratic phil-
osophies in crudely autocratic
procedures. High deeds and mighty
voices-these must be its weapons
if it seeks to reclaim our idealis-
tic student from the one apparent
haven he can find on an otherwise
To the Editor:
IN MY APPEAL to the Sub-Cona-
mittee on Discipline, I have
asked that puunishment (proba-
tion) for refusing to answer ques-
tions put to me by the Joint Judi-
ciary Council, be set aside, on the
1. I was charged with a viola-
tion of the Regents' By-Law con-
cerning speakers and found not
guilty, yet I was found guilty of an
act for which I was not charged,
for which I had no hearing, and
for which I had no chance to de-
fend myself. I contend that this
procedure is arbitrary and unjust.
2. I was told specifically that
falsification of facts would be con-
sidered conduct unbecoming a stu-
dent, yet I was not told that re-
fusal to answer questions would be
considered misconduct. In fact, on
occasion, I was told to answer
questions, "yes," "no," or "I do
not care to answer." Therefore. I
am being disciplined for following
the instructions of the Council. It
appears contradictory for the Uni-
versity to punish someone for fol-
lowing its instructions.
3. I answered all questions con-
cerning my connection with the
dinner. However, I did not become
engaged in a discussion of a ques-
tion which had no connection with
the dinner (concerning by extra-
curricular activities, of which the
University has a record), nor did I
become engaged in a discussion of
other people concerned with the
dinner. My own connection with
the dinner was the question in
hand, and for which I was invited
to defend myself. I contend that
it is unreasonable to force me, on
pain of punishment, to incrimi-
nate others, especially since the
University itself stated in its presss
release that "No . student was
forced to incriminate others or
answer questions nor was refusal
to do so held against any student."
(Michigan Daily, May 4, p. 2)
4. In my testimony before the
special investigating committee,
the following colloquy took place:
Mike Sharpe: What kind of re-
percussion would this. (investiga-
tion) bring on the people who at-
tended the dinner?
Mr. Blume: If there is no vio-
lation, there would be nothing.
In the light of this statement
by a University official, it appears
inconsistent to mete out punish-'
ment to those found innocent of
violating a University regulation.
--Myron E. Sharpe
To The Editor:
IN THE RECENT discussions
about the Lecture Committee
being able to place limitations on
the exercise of free speech on the
zampus. in comparing the good
and bad points of the present Lec-
ture Committee set up, one ques-
tion has not been discussed as
much as it should. It is, "What do
you propose to offer in place of
flip riirrpnf. cvcfpm q 1
tie cure ytem : oxmplan I believe should be adlopteda.
Perhaps this could be answered However, in order for this or any
by looking at a similar situation other similar plan to come about,
that recently occurred on another the Student Legislature should
campus. Two years ago, at Co- immediately begin to represent the
lumbia University, the Young opinion of the campus, as exempli-
Progressives invited Howard Fast fled by the recent Lecture Com-
to speak to their group. He was mittee Referendum and should im-
AT 10 P.M. TODAY, the 29th Annual Ann
Arbor Artists Exhibit closes out of the
Rackham galleries, and any of you who have
not yet seen it are advised to delay no
If you have attended these shows in the
past, you will remember that they are spon-
sored by the Ann Arbor Art Association
whose function, I believe, is to encourage
local artists, amateur and professional, by
showing their works and offering them for
sale. You will remember also that every-
thing tendered is accepted, and if you don't
remember it, you'll notice it.
A good many of the offerings show the
influence of calendar art, but they are not
always successful imitations. Fishing
scenes, landscapes, and such like consume
much of the space in the galleries. Al-
though of a different style, many of the
modernistic attempts can be lumped to-
gether in the same category as the fore-
It seems that the same people have to be
relied on to bring the level of the show up:
Kamrowski, Slusser, Wilt and La More do
their part in this respect. Carlos Lopez. alas,
seems to have better things to do with his
work than surrender it to the locals; his
lone offering does not do him justice.
Of Richard Wilt I have said perhaps
enough on two earlier occasions, and I
will only say that his "ring around" and
"the family" are among the dozen best
in the show, and just about on a par with
his other paintings. I might say the same
for Chet La More's "ancient image," and
particularly for his humorously Klee-
esque "in effigy."
Another bright light on this horizon is
Jamie Ross. His paintings show more prom-,
ise, perhaps, than any others on the walls,
and what is more, they also show more ful-
fillment than all but a few. 'In memoriam"
made its appearance not long ago in the
North Gallery of Alumni Memorial Hall, and
was more recently reproduced (very inade-
quately) in "Generation." His "street scene"
is not quite as good, but is marked by the
same simplicity and strength.
Alice Reischer and Helene Lazarus will
be familiar to many, and their canvases
retain the same qualities that mark their
previous exhibits. Hal McIntosh has done
WITH DREW PEARSONI
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN'
WASHINGTON-Three amazing Chinese
documents have just come to light on
the wake of the Nationalist Chinese cables
which Sen. Wayne Morse (R. Ore.) has in-
serted in the Congressional Record. The
three new documents, so far unpublished,
show that the supposedly friendly Chinese
Nationalist Government has been in the
same category as Russia in trying to obtain
the secret of the atomic bomb.
Furthermore, the Chinese confidential
instructions show a consistent attempt to
obtain A-bomb secrets, beginning imme-
diately after the Hiroshima explosion of
1945 and extending through 1948.
While this kind of espionage is to be ex-
pected from a satellite country, it is a highly
questionable, if not unfriendly, act on the
part of a government which has been kept
alive only by millions in U.S. cash, materials
and military support.
The first secret Chinese, cable is dated
Sept. 1, 1945, immediately after the Hiro-
shima and Nagasaki explosions. It reads:
"From: Air Force Headquarters
"To: Air Attache, C/O Chinese Air Force
Office in U.S.A.
"Your cable received. You are instructed
to continue search for information in re-
gard to atomic bomb.
"C. J. Chow"
C. J. Chow, who signed the cable, is the
commanding general of the Nationalist Chi-
nese Air Force, and one of the highest men
in Chiang Kai-Shek's councils.
BIKINI SECRETS SOUGHT
The second cable is dated Dec. 6, 1946, and
shows that even after a great deal of pub-
licity in the United States over the leak of
atomic secrets, Chiang's government was
"From: Chinese Air Force Headquarters
"To: Air Attache, C/O Chinese Air Force
Office in U.S.A.
"You are instructed to collect the in-
formation in regard to the report of the
results of the Bikini atomic bomb tests in
July and send back immediately for our
"C. J. Chow"
The two above cables have, come to light
in a manner somewhat similar to the way in
which the Russian spy ring in Canada was
exposed-through a code officer. In Canada.
the code clerk of the Russian embassy, Igor
Gouzenko, decided that his country should
not be spying on the United States.
In Washington, Captain Fang, code officer
of the Chinese Air Mission, also had mis-
givings about Chinese prying into the secrets
of a government that was supporting China,
and supplied the above translations from his
original coding notes.
* * *
Ben Fairless, son of a coal miner and now
president of U.S. Steel, largest Steel Corpor-
ation in the world, was talking to Ellis Ar-
nall, ex-governor of Georgia, now price ad-
ministrator for the nation.
"Ben," said Governor Arnall, "how
many shares of U.S. Steel stock do you
"A thousand shares," replied the head of
the steel company.
"What! Only a thousand! You're a piker,"
replied Arnall. "You mean to say that you're
running this thing on only a thousand
shares? Why, I've got almost that many
various steel shares myself, and I'm battling
on the other side-for the public."
Arnall has been the toughest man the
steel companies have had to deal with in
(Continued from page 2)
Doctoral Examination for willis Nor.
man Pitts, Speech; thesis: "A Critical
Study of Booker T. washington as a
Speechmaker with an Analysis of Seven
Selected Speeches," Thurs., May 8, 3
p.m., East Council Room, Rackham
Bldg. Chairman, G. E. Densmore.
Aero Seminar: Dr. L. L. Rauch will
talk on "Information Theory and the
Design of Experiments," Thurs., May 8,
4 p.m., 1504 E. Engineering Bldg. In-
terested students, teaching and re-
search staff welcome.
Seminar in Applied Mathematics.
IThurs., May 8, 4 pin., 247 W. Engineer-
ing Bldg. Mr. Keeve M. Siegei, of WRRC,
will speak on "Forced Separation of
Doctoral Examination for Lynn Ran-
dolph Peters, Chemistry; thesis: "The
Thermal Decomposition of 2. 3-pyrro-
lidinediones," Thurs., May 8, i p.m.,
3003 Chemistry Bldg. Chairman, W. R.
Woodwind Quintet, Nelson Hauen-
stein, flute, Lare Wardrop, oboe, Albert
Luconi, clarinet, Ted Evans, French
horn, and Lewis Cooper, bassoon, with
Benning Dexter, piano, will be heard
at 8:30 p.m., Wed., May 7, in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. The program will
include Trois Pieces Breves by Ibert,
Quintet by Deslandres, Sarabandeet
Menuet, Op. 24 by D'Indy; Suite (d'ap-
res Corrette) by Milhaud, and Sextour
by Poulenc. The general public is in-
StudentRecital: Jennie Parker Hide-
brandit, pianist, will be heard at 8:30
p.m., Thurs., May 8,-in the Architecture
Auditorium, playing a program in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Bachelor of Music. A pu-
pil of Helen Titus, Mrs. Hildebrandt
will present compositions by Haydn,
Schubert, Debussy and Beethoven. The
general public is invited.
Voice Class Program, 4:15 p.m., wed.,
May 7, in 506 Burton Tower. Soloists:
Glenna Gregory, soprano. Esther Mc-
Glothlin, Mezzo-soprano, Sally Hansen,
Contralto, Lloyd Evans, Tenor; accom-
panists: Janice Clark, Lucille Stans-
Comparative Religions Seminar meets
at Lane Hall, 7-9 p.m. All interested1
Polonia Club. Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
International Center. There will be1
dancing and refreshments. All those of
Polish descent and those who are in-
terested in Polish culture are invited.
Undergraduate Botany Club. Business
meeting, 7:30 p.m. at Dr. Clover's house,
i522 Hill St. Elections for the fall se-
mester. Speaker at 8 p.m., Dr,. Weh-
meyer, Botany Department.
J-Hop Committee will meet at 7 p.m.,
Room 3D, Union.
Hillel Publicity Committee. Meeting,
7:30 p.m., 1429 Hill St. All those who are
interested are invited. For further in-
formation call Bill wise, 30521, ext. 252,
or Eve Kadden, 30715.
Hillel News: Hillel Publications Con-
mitt'e will be interviewing people who
are interested in working on the Hillel
News staff, 4 p.m., at 1429 Hill. For
those who can not attend, contact Beki
Fagenbaum, 30715, or Joan Fried, 9322.
Weekly Union Bridge Tournament.'
7:30 p.m., small Ballroom, Union. Open
to all students. Late permission for co-
Arts Chorale Rehearsal scheduled for
Wednesday evening, May 7, in Univer-
sity High School Auditorium, will be
held instead in the basement of Lane
Hall, State and Washington St.
Student Legislature. Meeting, 7:30
p.m., Hayden-Cooley dining room, East
Quad. Women are to get late permission.
All interested people are invited.
U. of M. sailing Club. Intraciub rac-
ing at Whitmore at about 2:30 p.m.
Ukrainian Students Club. Meeting,
7:30 p.m., 1024 Hill St. Guests are wel-
Delta Sigma Pi, professional business
administration and economics frater-
nity. Regular meeting, 7:30 p.m. at the
Anthropology Club: Meeting, 8 p.m.,
West Conference Room, Rackham Bldg.
n, IiI ". fT. a - irn Pnl n l
3. Spring production and other new
Individual Houses appearance sched-
ule-Interfraternity Council Elimina-
tion Sing. Rooms 3R-S, Union.
7:30-Phi Sigma Delta
7 :40-Chi Psi
7:50-Phi Gamma Delta
8:00-Theta Delta Clii
8:10-Sigma Phi Epsilon
8:50-Phi Kappa Taul
9 :00-Chi Phi
9:10-Delta Tau Delta
9:20-Alpha Tau Omega
9:30-Sigma Alpha Epsilon
9:40-Phi Delta Theta
9:50-Kappa Alpha Psi
International Center Weekly Tea for
foreign students and American friends,
4:30-6 p.m., Thurs., May 8.
Literary College Conference Steering
Committee. Thurs., May 8, 4 p.m., loll
Graduate Student Council Meeting.
Thurs., May 8, 7:30 p.m., Graduate Out-
ing Club Room, Rackham Bldg. To
elect officers and other business.
Chess Club. Meeting, 8 p.m., Thurs.,
May 8, Union.
Modern Poetry Club. Meeting, Thurs.,
May 8, 7:30 p.m., Ann Arbor Room,
League. Poems to be discussed: Dylan
Thomas' Fern Hill, The Force That
Through the Green Fuse Drives the
Flower, A Refusal to Mourn the Death,
by Fire, of a Child in London and The
Marriage of a Vigin. All these poems
will be found in Oscar Williams. Mr.
Felheim of the English Department'
will participate indthe discussion, and
everyone is invited.
Hillel Social Committee meets Thurs.,
May 8, 7:15 p.m., 1429 Hill St. All mem-
bers and interested2people are invited.
Socieded Hispanica. Picnic, 4:45 p.m.,
Fri., May 9, Fresh Air Camp. Meet at
campus flagpole. Reservations can be
made at the Romance Language Build-
ing. Spanish foods and entertainment.
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