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April 29, 1952 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1952-04-29

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MATTER OF FACT
See Page 4

FAIR AND MIDDLING

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXII, No. 144

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 29, 1952

SIX PAGES

i

RidgwayNamed
Ike s Successor
Clark To Take Over Korean Post;
Gruenther To Retain Present Job
WASHINGTON - () - President Truman yesterday appointed
dynamfc Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway to succeed General of the Army
Dwight D. Eisenhower as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe to
build up defenses against the threat of Soviet aggression.
The President also announced:
1. Gen. Mark W. Clark will succeed Ridgway as United Nations
commander in Korea and as Commander-in-Chief of U.S. Armed
Forces in the Far East.
2. Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther, Eisenhower's Chief of Staff, will
continue in that post under Ridgway.
* * $ *
THE APPOINTMENTS are effective June 1, the date Eisenhower
is scheduiled to doff his uniform

I

- v
IWIrkS Malted.
Investigation
Progress in the McPhaul dinner
investigation came to an abrupt
stop yesterday.
The faculty Sub-Committee on
Discipline, which will make the
final decision, was originally
scheduled to sit down at 2:30 p.m.
today and settle the affair.
BUT THE meeting was called
off at dinnertime last night for
several reasons:
One of the three members on
the Sub-Committee was called
out of town for the day.
Another is sick.
And the report from the Joint
Judiciary Council, which has been
holding hearings for the past sev-
eral weeks, is not ready. No reasons
have been given for the delay, but
it may have been prompted by
difficulties in preparing the leng-
thy, written document explaining
the Judiciary's findings.
It was believed, however, that
the Judiciary has reached a deci-
sion and will pass 'it on to the
Sub - Committee for approval
shortly.
The Judiciary has names of at
least 16 students known to have
attended the allegedly illegal din-
ner March 6 in the Union. Its job
is to recommend what disciplinary
measures, if any, should be taken
against them.
If all goes well, the Sub-Com-
mittee may go to work on the case
by tomorrow. All top University
personnel connected with the in-
vestigation have expressed assur-
ances that they want to wind it
up as soon as possible.
BULLETIN
ROCHESTER, Minn.-P)-The,
former Secretary of Defense-
Louis Johnson - underwent two
operations for removal of a blood
clot from the brain at St. Mary's
Hospital last week, Mayo Clinic
physicians reported yesterday.
Y'P's to Probe
Union Dinner
InvestigLation
In an attempt to determine
whether academic freedom has
been violated in the McPhaul din-
ner investigation, the Young Pro-
gressives -will hear student wit-
nesses in their meeting at 7:30
p.m. today in Rm. 3G of the Union.
No official answer has as yet
been issued to the YP's invita-
tion to President Harlan H. Hatch-
er or his representative to present
the administration's stand on the
McPhaul cases.
President Hatcher's office said
yesterday that he would be out
of town until Thursday.
During today's meeting, several
YP members, implicated in the
dinner investigations, will present
charges that they have been
wronged in the, Joint Judiciary
hearings.
The purpose of the hearings,
according to YP co-chairman Joan
Berler, '54A&D, is to enable Young
Progressives to draw up a state-
ment of their stand on the Mc-
Phaul issue. The group intends to
present the statement at the
Eoard of Regents' next meeting.

and return to the U.S. to press his
bid for the Republican Presiden-
tial nomination.
Eisenhower heard the news of
the appointments while on a
farewell tour of British troops
under his command in Ger-
many.
Eisenhower hailed the Ridgway-
Gruenther combination as "the
finest the American services can
produce for the European com-
mand."
* * *
FRENCH REDS assailed the ap-
pointment as a "brutal defy to
European public opinion." Term-
ing Ridgway "the man of germ
warfare," the Communist news-

Strict Prison
Policies Set
By Williams
Directive Offers
State Assistance
LANSING-()-Governor Wil-
liams yesterday instituted "get
tough" policies to aid in the quick
restoration of normal security at
southern Michigan prison.
In a directive to corrections com-
missioner Earnest C. Brooks, Wil-
liams told him he "will be pro-
vided with all the necessary as-
sistance from the forces at my
disposal" for "completing the re-
storation of order and discipline"
in the prison.
THE STATEMENT was ordered
broadcast over the prison radio
system.
Williams said he had instruct-
ed the state police to "maintain
adequate forces at the prison."
The governor also announced he
had accepted the offer of State
Police Commissioner Donald S.
Leonard to postpone his scheduled
May 1 retirement during the prison
emergency.
The legislative appropriations
committees plan to meet at the
prison Wednesday noon to make
an inspetion of the riot damage
and discuss the cost of repairs.
The Legislature assemble Thurs-
day to consider an appropriation
to cover the riot damage.
* * *
MEANWHILE, Deputy Warden
Vernon Fox, who has become a
storm center of controversy in the
wake of the riot, defended his
actions before the Lansing Opti-
mist Club.
He said that his statement con-
gratulating the mutinous inmates
was made before the hostages were
released and was designed to
clinch the agreement the muti-
neers had made to surrender.
In Jackson, conditions were re-
ported getting back to normal in
the 6,490-inmate institution. But
a shakedown of inmates of cell
block 15 where the mutiny started
the night of April 20 was still
under way.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Maj. Gen.
Robert W. Grow was ordered yes-
terday to face court martial charg-
es brought in connection with the
incident in which Moscow used
excerpts copied from his diary for
propaganda purposes.
* * *
BONN, Germany-Surprise raids
by West German counter-espion-
age agents yesterday smashed a
Communist spy ring whose ten-
tacles reportedly reached into
chancellor Konrad Adenauer's of-
fice, official sources said.
* *, *
NEW YORK-A National Broad-
casting Company correspondent
reported last night that King
Farouk of Egypt was wounded last
month during an assassination at-
tempt.
* * *
LAFAYETTE, Ind.-Hundreds of
Purdue University students storm-
ed through a women's dormitory
and sorority houses west of the
campus last night.
* * *
ANN ARBOR - Oliver J. Ster-
ling, Jr., a local manufacturers
agent, and his wife reported yes-

terday that they saw a luminous
green object that appeared to be
a flying saucer in the sky north
of nearby Manchester.

Supreme

To, NY Released Time Plan

Japan S lips~
Past Clash
With Russia
Peace Pact Ends
U.S. Occupation
TOKYO, Tuesday, April 29-b?)
-Japan, once again independent,.
delicately sidestepped today her
toughest diplomatic problem-fu-
ture relations with Russia, Red
China and other Communist na-
tions.
Scarcely had the Japanese peace
treaty become effective Monday at
10:30 p.m. (7:30 a.m., CST, Mon-
day) than it was blasted by both
Russia and Red China as a pact
for "a new war in the Far East."
* *, *x
THE TREATY became effective
when the United States deposited
its ratification at the state depart-
ment.
Thus ended nearly seven years
of allied occupation, and the
end of SCAP-Supreme Com-
mander, Allied Powers. Gen.
Matthew B. Ridgway, who in
April, 1951 succeeded General
MacArthur as Supreme Com-
mander, was appointed by Pres-
ident Truman to succeed Gen.
Dwight D. Eisenhower as com-
mander of North Atlantic Treaty
Organization forces.
The security treaty which came
into force with the peace pact
made Japan in effect an ally of
the United States.
* * *
IT GUARANTEES the contin-
ued presence of American forces
in and near disarmed Japan, and
this arrangement has long been
Moscow's target.
An historic 11-minute State
Department ceremony which
made the two treaties effective
also produced these actions.
1-Military occupation by U.S.
forces came to an end after six
years and 8 months.
2-Truman proclaimed the term-
ination of World War II between
the U.S. and Japan, which started
with the Japanese attack on Pearl
Harbor more than a decade ago.
3-The 13-nation Far Eastern
Commission, which was set up to
advise the American occupation
commander on Allied policies,
automatically went out of exis-
tence.
* * *
BUT THE Soviet Union, through
Ambassador Alexander Panyush-
kin, in Washington assailed both
the treaty and the Mutual Secur-
ity Pact as illegal and "prepara-
tion for a new war."
High ranking Japanese officials
including State Minister Katsuo
Okazaki, have said termination of
the council eliminates Russia's
only legal reason for having rep-
resentatives here.
However, Japan apparently was
waiting for some policy statement
from Moscow on future Soviet-
Japanese relations before announc-
ing her own policy.

-Daily-Matty Kessler
LEAGUE PRESIDENTS-Cathy Sotir, retiring League president,
handed her gavel to the new president, Phyllis Kaufman, who
was installed last night along with other 1952 officers of campus
women's organization.

Court

Gives

OK

Panhellenic, Assembly,
League Heads Installed

Winners
"Beta Burlesque," the Beta
Theta Pi-Pi Beta Phi booth,
won first place honors in the
Michigras ticket sales compe-
tition,;it was announced yes-
terday.
A close second was the Theta
Xi-Alpha Phi offering, entitled
"Love. Through, the. Ages."
"Kappa. Kasino,". the .Kappa
Sigma-Kappa Kappa Gamma
presentation won third place,
and Gomberg-Stockwell's
"Showboat" came in fourth. 1
Reds Study
Undisclosed1
UN Proposal
MUNSAN, Korea, Tuesday-(IP)+
-The Communist high command
studied today an undisclosed Al-
lied froposal for solving the criti-
cal issues blocking a Korean arm-
istice.
The proposal, described only as '
an overall solution, was made at
Monday's session of top level ne-
gotiators at-Panmunjom~ It moved
the patience-exhausting negotia-
tions-now nearly 10 months old-
into a new and perhaps decisive
phase.
* * *
THE REDS agreed to a United
Nations command suggestion for'
a news blackout on future sessions
of the full-dress delegations. Then
they called for an indefinite recess
in the talks pending a study of the
new Allied proposal.
The negotiations are tightly
deadlocked on three main is-
sues: prisoners exchange, Allied
refusal to accept Russia as one
of six neutral truce inspectors
and Communist insistence on
the right to build and repair
military airfields.
As the talks reached a critical
stage, this was the status of the
three deadlocked issues:
Prisoner exchange - the Reds
coldly rejected an Allied offer to
return 70,000 of the 169,000 Com-
munist military prisoners and
civilian internees.
Airfields - The UN command
said it was willing to permit "a
limited number" of civilian air-
fields to be rebuilt during an
armistice, but is opposed to. unre-
stricted construction because of
the growing threat of Communist
air power.
Wn un Retuirns~

GEN. RIDGWAY
paper Ce Soir declared "he is the
one who gave the American pilots
their targets for the insects car-
rying the plague and cholera."
Britain's Field Marshal Lord
Montgomery said in Lisbon that
he was "delighted" and would
'serve under him (Ridgway) at
SHAPE with absolute loyalty so
long as he needs my services."
On Capitol Hill, some legisla-
tors expressed mild disappoint-
ment that Gruenther had failed to
get the top command.
In Tokyo, Ridgway issued a
statement declaring:
With full realization of the great
task ahead of me, I approach this
new assignment thankful for the
great organization work done by
my distinguished predecessor (Eis-
enhower) and confident of the
continued support not only of my
own country, but of all free coun-
tries represented by the north At-
lantic council."
Although passed over for the
European post, Gruenther quickly
commented that it would be no
strain on relationships at all" for
him to serve under Ridgway and
said he would be "delighted to
serve" as his chief of staff.

Phyllis Kaufman, '53Ed, last
night was installed as president of'
the League at the annual Installa-
tion Night ceremonies in Rackham
Lecture Hall.
Miss Kaufmann, a resident of
Alice Lloyd Hall, is 20 years old
and comes from South Haven. She
is past president of Wyvern, jun-
ior women's honorary, and a newly
tapped member of Senior Society,
Independent women's honorary.
OTHER TOP POSTS went to
Adrienne Shufro, '53Ed, who wasI
appointed Assembly Association
president, and Dianine Harris, '53,
who took the gavel for Pan Hel-
lenic.
League board positions will be
filled by Elizabeth Ewing, who
became vice-president, Joy Si-
denberg, '53, the new secretary
and Nancy Pridmore, '53, treas-
urer.
PrimaryWill
Be Held Today
BOSTON-(/P)-General Dwight
D. Eisenhower has a chance to
come within striking distance of
a tie nationally with Sen. Robert
A. Taft when they contest for
delegates in the Massachusetts
presidential primary today.
At stake in Massachusetts are
28 delegates running in pairs in
the 14 state Congressional districts.
A sweep by General Eisenhower
would put him within three of the
268 delegates that can be counted
for Taft tomorrow night.
Estimates of a total vote reach-
ing possibly 400,000 were cut back
tonight when the weather bureau
forecast continuing showers on
election day.

Judy Clancy, '53, was appointed
chairman of the Judiciary ouncil,
with seniors Jean Martin and Bar-
bara Buschman and juniors Ann
Plumpton, Sue Riggs and Barbara
Bos as her aids.
Sophomore members of t h e
council are Janet Rutherford, Jan-
et Luthringer, Sally Stahl, Ruth
Harwitz, Betty 'Hesse and Karin
Oldberg.
s - *
CHAIRMAN OF the Interview-
ing and Nominating Council for
next year will be Nancy Baehre,
'53, with Jeanne Marshall, '53, as
secretary. Juniors on the commit-
tee are Ann Schmitz, Barbara
Steinko and Judy Haber, while
sophomore members are Carolyn
Snyder, Rachel Byron and Sally
Lorber.
Iris Leja, '53, was appointed
chairman of the Merit-Tutorial
Committee. Junior members are
Ruth Blight, Shirley Cox, Vonda
Genda, Barbara Palmer a n d
Phyllis Peterson.
Presiding as chairman of the
League dance classes will be Janet
Gast, '53 Ed, while Joyce Warney,
'53, will handle the dance class fi-
nances. Aiding as senior captains
will be Mary Leila Curtice and
Marcia Blumberg; as juniors, Bar-'
bara Meier and Barbara Carse and
as sophomore captain, Mary Jane
Soper.
* * *
NEW LEAGUE Parliamentarian
will be Joan Heiderer. Handling
special projects will be Lila Beck,
'53, and her assistant Marilyn
Grove.
Heading the Personnel Com-
mittee will be Audrey Murphy,
'53Ed, aided by juniors Martha
Seger, Ronda Finestone and Sue
Toschach.
See WOMAN'S, Page 5

Students Can
Be Released
Froin School
Pupils Will Get
ReligionOutside
WASHINGTON -()- The Su-
preme Court upheld yesterday
New York State's system of releas-
ing public school pupils from
classes to receive religious educa-
tion away from school property.
The 6 to 3 decision, which
brought sharp dissents from Jus-
tices Jackson, Black and Frank-
furter, sanctions in effect released-
time programs involving some two
million pupils in most of the 48
states.
It came several years after the
court held in a similar case that
religious instruction cannot be
given to pupils, grouped accord-
ing to sects, on public property.
* * *
IN OTHER decisions today, the
court:
1. Denied a hearing to "Tokyo
Rose"-her real name is Mrs.
Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino-on
her appeal from a conviction
for treason.
2. Upheld, 5to 4 an Illinois law
banning publications which expose
members of any race or religion
to hatred or ridicule.
Justice Douglas delivered the
majority opinion in the religious
education case, rejecting the con-
tention of two Brooklyn mothers
that New York's one-hour-a-week
program violates the constitu-
tional ban agairst any "establish-
ment of religion." Others in the
majority were Chief Justice Vin-
son and Justices Reed, Burton,
Clark and Minton.
DOUGLAS HELD that the con-
stitutional provision does not mean
that "in every and all respects
there shall be a separation of
church and state."
If it did, he said, "The state-
and religion. would be aliens to
each other-hostile, suspicious
and even unfriendly" to such an
extent that prayers in legislative
halls, and even police protection
of churches, would be forbidden.
The three dissenting justices
held the objections of the Brook-
lyn parents, Mrs.. Tessim Zorach
and Mrs. Esta Gluck were well
founded.
All three contended the princi-
ple was -the same as in the 1948
McCollum case, in which the court
ruled unconstitutional a Cham-
paign, Ill., program of religious
teaching to various sectarian
groups during "released time" on
public school property.
THE McCOLLUM DECISION
aroused a widespread controversy
with many religious leaders divid-
ed on the question of whether the
Supreme Court had correctly in-
terpreted the constitution.
Black said in yesterday's dissent
that the new decision abandons
"the state's historic neutrality in
the religious sphere" and makes
"invidious distinction" between
those who have religious belief and
those who do not.
Black held New York State is
using its compulsory school atten-
dance law to force attendance at
religious classes.
GOP Awaits
Steel Seizure

Court Decision
WASHINGTON -(-)- Republi-
can House leaders decided yester-
day to await a court decision in
the steel case before taking a
party stand on proposals to cen-
sure or impeach President Truman
-- I~ ~ - .S - +i iri,

I

1952-53 MUSIC SEASON PREVIEW:

Home wth 61
Hobson Men
WASHINGTON -(P)- The 27,-
100-ton aircraft carrier Wasp
limped home last night with 61
survivors from the destroyer-
minesweeper Hobson, which it
cut in two in a mid-Atlantic col-
lision Saturday night. Missing-
and apparently lost-were 176 oth-
er members of the Hobson's crew.
It was one of the worst peace-
time disasters in American Naval
history.
Capt. B. C. McCaffree, comman-
der of the Wasp, said the 1,600-ton
Hobson broke in two and sank
four minutes after it came under
the cliff-like bow of the carrier
during night maneuvers on an
inky sea.
Shipssand aircraft searched for
survivors until sundown Sunday
on the faint chance that some of
the 176 seamen may still be res-
cued, the Navy listed them as
"tentatively missing."
The Wasp and the Hobson, a
converted destroyer, were en route
to the Mediterranean in a task
force when the accodent occurred
1,200 miles due east of Boston and
about 700 miles off the Azores.

Famous Artists To Highlight 'U' Concert Series

* *

* * *

By HARLAND BRITZ
Local concert goers next year
will receive a steady menu of old
established names in the field of
music.
Such figures as Heifetz, Horo-
witz, Rubinstein, and Menuhin
will highlight the 1952-53 concert
series, the University Musical So-
ciety announced yesterday.
* * *
LEADING OFF the season in a
Choral Union recital on October

day will see the Minneapolis Sym-
phonyOrchestra here under its
new conductor Antol Doarati.
An innovation for local aud-
iences will take the stage on
March 2, when the Gershwin
?.Concert Orchestra will be heard
under the direction of Lorin
Maazel. Soloists to be heard
with the orchestra include Car-
olyn Long, soprano; Theodor
Uppman, baritone; and Jesus
Sanroma, pianist.

will appear here on February
17 and the series will be brought
to a close by the initial perform-
ance of the Boston Pops Tour
Orchestra on March 23 under
Arthur 'Fiedler's direction.
The Musical Society also an-
nounced the annual Christmas
performances of Handel's "Mes-
siah" for Saturday night, Dec. 6,
and , Sunday afternoon, Dec. 7.

..... ... .. } ..r

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