See Page, 4
Latest Deadline in the State
COOLER AND SHOWERS
VOL. LXII, No. 138 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 1952
-a- anr ".-t.
OUTSIDE 'POWDERKEG' BLOCK 15
Rioters Jeer at guard held hostage by ringleaders
STATE POLICE COMMISSIONER DON LEONARD ENTERS YARD AFTER SHOOTING
Two wounded inmates watch the mopping-up operations inside the blocks
NEW GYMNASIUM GUTTED BY FLAMES
Firemen tried in vain to stem the $2,000,000 holocaust which swept much of the prison
* * «
Of Proceedings in Probe
Charging "irregularity of pro-
ceedings" in the University's in-
vestigation of the McPhaul dinner,
the Civil Liberties Committee last
night issued a formal letter of
protest to the "campus commun-
S "Tbe entire air of mystery and
vagueness surrounding the' hear-
ings was hardly conducive to get-
ting the facts clear and the inter-
pretation of the rule more lucid,"
the letter said.
CLO CHARGED both a faculty-
student investigating committee,
and the Joint Judiciary Council,
now considering charges against
14 students known to be at the
dinner, with "intimidation of in-
"Students were given the im-
pression that whatever they said
(before the fact-finding group)
would be held in strict confi-
dence,". the statement continued.
"Yet a ... report of these pro-
ceedings was prepared and dis-
tributed to the Joint Judiciary
The CLC did "not challenge the
University's prerogative to investi-
gate what occurs on the campus"
and felt "the circumstances (sur-
rounding the dinner) Merited in-
vestigation." But it felt "the per-
haps inadvertent effect of this
investigation is an addition to the
present-day University and na-
tional pattern of political con-
Also rapped in the statement
was "an inconsistent use of an
Joint Judiciary Council will
probably conclude their recom-
mendations to the University sub-
committee on discipline no later
than tomorrow night.
A meeting is tentatively sched-
uled for tonight-but whether it
is actually held depends on wheth-
er stenographers can complete
typing up the transcripts of the
previous meetings in time.
If the meeting is postponed till
tomorrow night, any disciplinary
action taken will probably not be-
come known till Thursday, when
the discipline sub-committee has
an opportunity to approve it.
Otherwise, the results may be-
come public tomorrow.,
A fter Years
Of Ill Health
ZURICH --R)-- Sir Stafford
Cripps, a long-time Socialist
statesman and frail but powerful
"Mr. Austerity" of Britain's Labor-
ite post-war campaign for eco-
nomic recovery, died yesterday.
The end came in his 63rd year,
in a Zurich clinic, after years of
physical suffering and many
months of acute illness.
* * *
Approximately 1,100 tickets will
be thrown on the open market to-
day with the opening of the 3-day
sale of Marriage Lecture Series
They will be sold from 10 a.m. to
noon and from 3 p.m. to 5 p.m.
today, tomorrow and Thursday in
the Union, the League, the Ad-
ministration Bldg. and Lane Hall.
The $1.50 price will cover the four
The first lecture will be deliv-
ered on May 5 on the topic, "The
Anatomy and Psychology of Re-
production," by Dr. Allan C.
Barnes. He will also speak May 6
on "The Medical Basis for Sane
Prof. Ernest G. Osborne will
give the third talk May 13 on the
topic, "Psychological Factors in
Marriage." The concluding lec-
l ure will be given May 20 by Dr.
Evelyn M. Duvall on the subject,
"How to Get Married and Stay
Assistant Dean of Students Ivan
W. Parker, chairman of the Series,
urged all students to bring their
ID cards when purchasing tickets.
He said tickets would not be sold
for separate lectures.
ickets on Sale
By The Associated Press
Senate Snubs Truman...
WASHINGTON-The Senate, rejecting a last-minute appeal by
President Truman, voted 44 to 31 yesterday to ban the use of any
money in a 960 million dollar appropriations bill to carry out Tru-
man's seizure of the steel industry.
Except as a gesture of disapproval, the vote probably will
have no practical effect. None of the money in the bill was spe-
cifically requested for or needed for the steel seizure.
Nevertheless, it marked something of a victory for Republican
critics who have been denouncing Truman as a "Dictator" and "Us-
urper" ever since the President ordered seizure of the strike-threaten-
ed industry on April 8.
NY, Penn. Primaries Today . .
NEW YORK-Two big but relatively unexciting state primaries
will hold the political spotlight today when New York and- Pennsyl-
vania voters cast their ballots for 156 Republican and 154 Democratic
delegates to the National Presidential Nominating Conventions.
New York names 96 Republican and 94 Democratic delegates.
Pennsylvania names 60 in each camp.
The hitch is that both parties in both states will send their dele-
gates to the Chicago conventions in July without instructions on
what candidate to support.
* * * *
He just Keeps Rollin'.
KANSAS CITY-Missouri Valley dike crews strained to hold
their own yesterday in a battle of flood and mud,' and seemed to
be winning at several critical places.
* * * *
'No Attack Planned'-Gruenther
NEW YORK-Gen. Alfred M. Gruenther pledged yesterday that
the free Allies in Europe have never even discussed, let alone planned,
an attack on the Communist world.
* * * .~
A-Bomb Blast Planned...
ATOM BOMB SITE, NEV.-An atomic bomb, one of the two
most powerful ever to be detonated within the United States,
will burst today at a record altitude of 3,000 to 3,500 feet above
a battlefield where soldiers and weapons are deployed.
Queen Juliana Leavesw , .
DETROIT-Queen Juliana of the Netherlands bade farewell to
the United States yesterday following a three weeks good will tour.
Today is the last day for
graduating seniors to order ;
booklets and personal cards.
Orders are being taken from 3
to 5 p.m. in the lobby of the <
By BOB KEITH
Daily City Editor
JACKSON-Complaints of bru-
tality, negligent health care and
bad management stood behind
yesterday's explosive Southern
Michigan Prison riot, reporters
learned in a series of dramatic
interviews with uprising inmates.
Rioters were glad to have
someone to hear their grievan-
ces, and there was an indication
from prison officials that sev-
eral had some merit. Seven spe-
cific charges were made by riot
ringleaders in, Block 15.
Sex deviates are not segregated.
Beatings by guards with keys
and key rings and iron chains are
common, and prisoners are placed
in dungeons for trifling rule in-
The cell block has poor venti-
Inmates are sent into disciplin-
ary cells on the testimony of other
The counselor system is poor and
psychiatric examinations inade-
Medical treatment is inade-
Epileptics and tubercular pa-
tients are mixed with other in-
IN REPLY, Vernon B. Fox, as-
sistant deputy warden in charge
of individual treatment, said "some
changes will no doubt be made."
Fox admitted that an "occasion-
al guard" has struck inmates with
keys and other instruments, even
though warned against it. "But
we do everything indour power
to prevent it," Fox said.
He expected to see the prison's
counseling program improved
See RIOTERS, Page 2
' -^r News noto
SIR STAFFORD CRIPPS
* * *
The gaunt six-footer had lain in
a hospital bed here for four
months under treatment for a
spinal infection called spondylitis.
Poor health hid caused him to
resign as Britain's chancellor of
the exchequer in October, 1950,
while' the Labor Party which he
had served energetically for many
years was still in power.
State Troopers Force Majority
Of Convicts Back to Cell Blocks
By ZANDER HOLLANDER and SID KLAUS
Special To The Daily
JACKSON-Violence swept. Southern Michigan Prison for the
second straight days yesterday leaving one convict dead, and ten
persons wounded before state troopers and prison guards forced most
of the convicts back to their cells.
Eleven guards were still being held hostage by some of Michigan's
most dangerous criminals in detention block 15-known to the 6,500
convicts here as "The Hole."
Last night the defiant men in "15," led by robber and kidnapper
Earl Ward, yelled down: "We are warning you again. If anybody is
hurt, we'll cut off one of the 'screws' heads and throw it out to you!"
STATE POLICE Commissioner Don Leonard, on the scene direct-
ing police operations since early morning, put the damage from fAre
and deliberate destruction to this world's largest prison at more tjaan
The dead prisoner, 35 year old Darwin Millage, was the
victim of a trooper slug late in the morning when guards cleared
the prison yard to bring in a fire truck.
Four prisoners, two guards and two troopers were wounded later
as more than 60 state policemen, pointing submachine guns. and
hurling tear-gas, drove the milling mob back to the cell blocks.
A THIN BLUE LINE of troopers had edged diagonally across the
huge yard until the rioters were backed against the prison's north
wall. Then, as toughs flung knives and *clubs at the advancing officers,
an unidentified guard fired into the crowd, wounding three.
One trooper was knocked unconscious with a baseball bat
but got up moments later and stayed on duty. Others were
slashed by flying glass and debris.
The fourth convict was shot several times. when authorities
moved in on the mental cell blocks, 11 and 12, shortly before 7 p.m.
* * * *
ALMOST EVERY building within the 57 acre prison suffered
damage in the melee, with the laundry, library, chapel, greenhouse,
gymnasium, tailor shop, jute mill, barber shop and commissary gutted
by fire. Windows were smashed in most cell blocks, mattresses and
most combustibles burned and kitchen equipment ripped from the
floor and hurled into the yard.
Nearly every knife and meat cleaver was missing when troopers
recaptured the dining unit and officials feared that a resultant reign
* * * of stabbings and terror last "for
ten years." They believed that
many of the criminals had already
buried the weapons in the ard
e "for later use."
< 'Early this morning four squads
.." 'of eight troopers each were still
patrolling the prison while 125
guards remained at vantage points
on the walls. Two squads of troop-
ers stood by as reserves.
"Powderkeg" Block 15 was
bathed in floodlights as Warden
Julian N. Frisbie tackled the most
dangerous situation left-negotia-
tions for release of the hostage
* * *
FAMILIES OF the captured 11
waited fearfully in the prison's
administrative office for word of
Vassar Head Criticizes
Fears of Americans
Americans seem to be wavering
in their faith that the truth may
be discovered by freedom of in-
quiry and freedom of discussion,
Sarah Blanding, president of Vas-
sar College told 91 Phi Beta Kap-
pa initiates last night.
Addressing the annual initiation
dinner of the national scholastic
society, Miss Blanding said, "When
we ought to be fearing fear itself,
we are fearing ideas, reason and
4iAr n* * ha .,m*t
emergency every citizen has a
right to inquire, to express an
opinion and even to disagree with
ARGUING that only through a
free intercourse of ideas can a
democratic society survive, Miss
Blanding cited the "sense of free-
dom and dignity which the pos-
session of a belief in the power of
man's reason can give to every
American society does not at-
tempt to tell a Shostakovitch
SDA, YD, YP
Minnie Schwinger, Democratic
National Committee woman from
C::yx ., ':' 'R$.'.' ......