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March 15, 1952 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1952-03-15

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SATURDAY, MARCH 15, 1952

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

_.a

Union Co

LSSAGE OF THE three proposed amend-
ments to the Union Constitution tomor-
will strengthen student representation
Jnion administration, and should be sup-
ted by the presence of every member
e student at the constitutional meeting.
'wo of the three proposals are aimed
securing better student representation,
d the third, a change in the amendment
thod, can make the Union Constitution
>re adaptable to changing times.
lection-at-large of five vice-presidents
the Union Board of directors, the first
posed change, is necessary for the candi-
es best qualified by experience to be
:ted.
n past years members of the Executive
incil found- themselves running against
h. other for one Board position, especial-
in the literary college race, while other
:tion divisions had no qualified candi-
es in the running.
Election-at-large would eliminate this
d insure a wide-open race which could
won by the most capable antl exper-
iced candidates. Although the presence
non-Union staffmnen on the council is
sirable, the opinion of men experienced
Union opera1 ion is a necessity.
'he Hare System has proved itself as the
st representative in Student Legislature
:tions, and should rightly, be used for the
on vice-presidency race.
ccording to the first amendment, a vice-
sident will also be elected by the com-
ed schools of medicine and dentistry
i by the law schools. This adherence to
old method is justified because profes-
ial school students are not so closely
nected, with undergraduates.
Election by schools in these exceptions
mld insure fair representation for pro-
ssional students, who have always con-
ibuted mature and qualified vice-presi-
nts to the Union Board.
bie second amendment, proposing sub-
ction of the highest ranking Student
islative, male officer for the chairman of

osntuton
Men's Judiciary as an ex-officio member of
the Union Board, would also give students
a more representative voice in Union af-
fairs.
The chairman of Men's Judiciary was
made a board member in 1942, the last
constitutional revision. Since that time Stu-
dent Legislature has developed, becoming
the most important representative group on
campus. Except when a woman is elected
head of SL, the Union Board member would
be the SL president.
Probably the most important of the three
proposals is the creation of an effective
and representative means of amending the
Union'constitution, as proved by several un-
successful attempts to make needed changes
in past years.
Putting proposed constitutional changes
up to an all-campus vote of Union mem-
bers would not only be the most repre-
sentative expression of student opinion,
but would eliminate the problem of as-
sembling a quorum of 400 Union members
-a difficult task, despite a Union mem-
bership of more than 10,000.
This is the problem .which faces Union
staff members when they make their newest
attempt to enact progressive changes in
the constitution. The effort will succeed
only if it is backed by each Union member
-not by "the guy next door."
The South and West Quads, neither
more than a block away from the Union,
could easily furnish enough Union mem-
bers to constitute the quorum and facili-
tate amendments. If the quorum fails, it
will fail because students "passed the
buck" of legislative responsibility to "the
other guy."
Union officials have promised that the
constitutional meeting will last no more
than 45 minutes. Because of the gravity of
the matters to be considered, it should 'be'
an interesting 45 minutes-well worth tak-
ing a break from books and attending.
--Mike Scherer

ERPRETING THE NEWS:
French War

1 f

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
ECRETARY LOVETT'S call for increased
military aid to the anti-Communist
ces in Indo-China coincides with word
m Paris that France has no intention of
king down in the war with the Viet
nh.
For some time now, especially during
e current French political crisis, there
axe been fears that France might decide
at since she cannot support both, she
ould have to drop the Indo-China cam-
ign in favor of building up her defenses
Europe.
t had been suggested the French might
:k a stalemate similar to the one the
ies are negotiating for in Korea. The dif-
ence is that agression in Korea has been
pped where it began, while in Indo-China
considerable territory, including highly
:ortant agricultural regions, would have
be yielded to thp Communists.
the French government has now made
point, however, which is also the key
nt in the American attitude, th'at de-
se of Indo-China is part of the defense
ich the Democratic nations intend to
ke everywhere and anywhere around the
mnmunist perimeter.

The French make it clear they are not
backing down on their commitments in
this respect, and publicly recognize that
any such action might cause the United
States to write France off as an undepend-
able ally.
Paris may liave been advised in advance,
or at least be presupposing, that increased
American aid will be forthcoming.
This aid, judging by reports from Paris
on French plans, would be largely for the
native forces of Vietnam, Laos and Cam-
bodia. France wants to build theml up so
that she-can take home, or at least keep
at home some new ones as they are pro-
duced, the officers which she needs to
really get going in her European defense
role.
The Pentagon ideas outlined to Congress
Thursday show clearly that this aid would
not be merely for France, but a part of the
whole strategic picture. Lovett included For-
mosa, meaning Chiang Kai-Shek's Nation-
alist army there, as another spot where
similar work must be done, pointing out
that the island of seven million people could
not itself support a garrison of several hun-
dred thousand needed against the possibili-
ty ;of Chinese Communist invasion.

-- w - --- - - - --- - ---
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
THE LESSON OF NEW HAMPSHIRE
WASHINGTON-It sometimes seems that
the American voter, that testy and
,unpredictable fellow, takes a sly pleasure
these days in confounding the professional
politicians, the self-appoifted experts, and
everybody else. For what stands out about
the New Hampshire primary is that every-
body was wrong-as usual,
The supporters of General of the Army
Dwight D. Eisenhower were wrong. They
were wrong as far back as February 15th.
On that date, the Eisenhower leaders,
including Gov. Thomas Dewey, and Sena-
tors Cabot Lodge, Frank Carlson, and
James Duff gathered in a New York hotel
to discuss the Eisenhower prospects. And
they were so convinced that Eisenhower
could not win unless he were present in
person to campaign that they made a
collective telephone call to Paris to tell
him so.
When Eisenhower stuck to his initial po-
sition, a black mood fell on the Eisenhower
camp. In New Hampshire, Sen. Lodge was
at pains to say that the preferential pri-
mary would not mean very much. All the
other Eisenhower leaders privately took a
dim view of the General's chances. A day
or so before the primary, there was much
talk in the Eisenhower camp of sending
a sort of polite ultimatum to the General,
if he lost badly, asking him either to return
and campaign or to withdraw and get his
followers off the hook.
But Taft and his supporters were equally
wrong. If Taft had maintained his original
position-that he entered the New Hamp-
shire primary only as a sort of gallant ges-
tire against hopeless odds-he might have
emerged almost unscathed. But when he in
effect predicted the capture of four delegates
(which the faint-hearted Eisenhower men
were ready to concede him) and said that
he considered the preference primary a
"horse race," he opened himself up to the
severe political wound which he has now
suffered.
AS FOR THE DEMOCRATIC party. no-
body was more wrong (except possibly one
of these reporters) than Sen. Estes Kefauver
himself. Here it may be worth describing
an interview with Kefauver which took
place a few days before his resounding vic-
tory over President Truman. The interview
was "not for attribution" at the time, be-
cause Kefauver wanted to talk frankly but
did not want to compromise his chances.
And it is worth recounting now, if only be-
cause it suggests the element of mystery
which lends American politics its peculiar
fascination both to participant and specta-
tor sportsman.
The talk took place in the usual dingy
hotel bedroom, after, a Kefauver rally in
the usual dingy hotel "ballroom." The
rally was sparsely attended, consisting
largely of non-voting teen-agers wearing
cardboard coonskin caps. Kefauver, obvi-
ously tired, had spoken haltingly. and
with about as much fire as a turtle. Later,
talking to one of these reporters, he seem-
ed near the end of his tether.
Ib, he said sadly, he knew he didn't have
a chance, with both labor and -the whole
Demlocratic regular organization working
against him. He might just take a single
delegate, but no more. As for the preference
primary, he would be delighted if he scored,
say, 40 per cent of the total. Poor-mouthing
to reporters is a familiar political technique,
but Kefauver certainly seemed quite honest-
ly convinced that he had no real chance.
It is still remarkably difficult to take
Sen. Kefauver really seriously as a Presi-

dential candidate, since he has little support
in the South and he has alienated most of
the Northern Democratic organization mena.
As for the effect of Kefauver's triumph on
President Truman, the possibility that this
might arouse in the President his famous
streak of Missouri stubbornness must be'
balanced off against the fact that Truman,
if he runs at all, wants to run against Taft,
not Eisenhower. And it goes without saying
that Eisenhower's remarkable victory in ab-
sentia has altered the whole Republican
balance sharply in his favor.
* * 4
THE VICTORY'S EFFECT on the Gener-
al's own plans remains unpredictable.
At least one member of Eisenhower's in-
ner circle in Paris has told these reporters
that Eisenhower would consider a striking
success in New Hampshire the necessary
"clear call to duty." Another such success
in the New Jersey primary, where Taft and
Eisenhower are again matched on April 15,
would make the call clearer. Conversely,
the N . ew Hampshire victory will certainly
sharply reduce the pressure from this coun-
try on the General to return.
At any rate, the fact that everybody
was wrong again suggests a rather ob-
vious conclusion. All concerned were per-
fectly logical in their wrongness. The
Eisenhower supporters and Taft himself
were entirely logical in expecting Taft
to be strong in a poll presumably domi-
nated by orthodox regular Republicans.
Kefauver and the regular Democrats
were equally logical in expecting Truman
to h strong in a noll nresumably dominat-

t
"
t
by Werblo*k
. ON THE
with DREW PEARSON
'WASHINGTON-Today millions of harassed, last-minute taxpayers'
are still up to their elbows in the arithmetic of income taxes. No
matter how they slice the figures, however, the result will be the same:
higher taxes and lower rebates. '
What the taxpayers don't realize, however, is that most of
them probably wouldn't have to pay a penny more than last year-
if Congress had closed the unfair loopholes in the tax laws.
44 Today an estimated five billion dollars filter through these loop-
Iholes, which must be made up by taxpayers earning less than $10,000
annually.
In fact, nearly every major tax bill during the Truman adminis-
tration has raised taxes on the lower brackets, while granting tax loop--
holes to the upper brackets. Result is thiat the tax laws are buckshot-
riddled with escape clauses benefiting the higher brackets.
This has been the work largely of the Senate Finance Committee,
which is dominated by millionaire senators who benefit from their own
loopholes. Such senators as Byrd of Virginia, Kerr of Oklahoma, Milli-
kin of Colorado, Taft of Ohio and Martin of Pennsylvania, all of them
millionaires, are chiefly responsible for the tax loophojes. The House
Ways and Means Committee has labored to close many of them-but
the Senate Finance Committee has been too powerful.
The Finance Committee has camouflaged these loopholes
behind such technical, legal language that the average senator,
harassed with other legislation, usually can't understand them aid
must take the finance Committee's word.
For example, 79 of the most clause-ridden, technically worded
sections of the 1951 tax bill turned out to be honeycombed with loop-
holes. These escape hatches for the big taxpayers would never have
been discovered if it hadn't been for a few patriotic tax experts at the
Treasury Department, who risked their jobs to tip off Senators Humph-
rey of Minnesota and Douglas of Illinois what the Senate Finance
Committee was up to.
. . . ,
' --PROFITS FROM DEFENSE--
H UMPHREY AND DOUGLAS then blocked an attempt to r-am the
tax loopholes through the'Senate without debate, but, in the end,
the powerful Finance Committee brought enough pressure on indi-
vidual senators to save most of the loopholes. They figured the debate
was too technical for the public to understand, and that the small tax-
payers would never know the difference.
The result was a tax law that stuck the low-income people with
the mounting cost of defense, while a good many of the big-money
boys could reap the profits of defense. . .
The most gaping loopholes now in the law allow the big oil
and mining companies to deduct millions for depletion; grant a
cheaper tax rat'e to the big speculators who trade in stocks and
bonds; enable big businessmen to spread their income through
family partnerships; and exempt interest and dividends from
withholding tax.
The excess-profits tax is also shot full of holes; corporations get
tremendous tax handouts through five-year amortization; so-called
"collapsible" corporations are still legal to avoid taxes; life insurance
companies pay only a token tax; and huge foundations can be set up
to get around the estate and gift taxes. Even Attorney General Mc-
Grath has long been a trustee of a non-taxpaying foundation-Textr'on.
-TRUMAN'S EGO-
WHAT WORRIES some of the elder statesmen in the Democr-atic
party is that the Kefauver victory in New Hampshire will get the
President's dander up, make him determined to run again.
Taking a contrary view have been the palace guard, the men im--
mediately around the President, who, for reasons of self-preservation,
want him to run and who bring to -hs desk every little news item
that might disrupt his relations with Senaor Kefauver.
When Kefauver first went to the White Hlouse to tell the
President about his plans, Mr. Truman was more than cordial, Hie

spoke about the need of bringing younger Democratic leaders to
the front, even advised Kefauver on how to handle his campaign.
But since then, those who know how to fan the President's ire and
ego have done their best to make trouble between him and the Senator
from Tennessee. That's why elder statesmen in the Democratic party
are watching to see whether the Truman defeat in New Hampshire
may prod the President into doing what they think would be disas-
trous to he party-run again.
-NEW HAMPSHIRE HIGHLIGHTS-
T WAS Senator Kefauver's humility and sincerity that won New
Hampshire's hearts-and votes. For example, after Kefauver fin-
ished a dull television speech, his wife asked in a whisper how he
thought it went. Kefauver whispered back sadly that it hadn't gone
so well, that he just couldn't make the words come out the way he
wanted. What Kefauver didn't know was that the television camera and
mike picked up this private husband-and-wife conversation. Kefauver's
speech didn't impress the people, but his humility afterward did ...-.
New Hampshire's hardy folk, coming out in the rain and snow to vote,
also didn't like the idea of President Truman tanning himself under
the Key West sun. They muttered about the President taking too many
vacations and spending almost as much time in Florida as Washington
. . . . Democratic leaders are worried over the way rank-and-file
workers ignored labor-leader orders to vote for Truman and voted for
Kefauver instead ... . The large Eisenhower vote was a bigger blow
to the Taft camp than they admit. The Taft steamroller moved in high
gear through New Hampshire, was expertly steered by veteran poli-
ticians. Taft nrivately predicted he would win the popular vote, would

Correction .. .
ro the Editor:1
WAS somewhat startled to read
in the Letters to the Editor col-
imn yesterday a very juvenile let-
er to which was affixed the name
Annie Waterman." At this mo-
nent I have the original of that
etter in my hands; it is typewrit-
en with no signature - merely a
yped name. A questionable letter.
Following their usual policy, the
"Letters" editor checked this name
with the Student Directory; there
was approximately such a person
listed. The letter was then reread
and sent to press. Nothing strange
was noted about the questionable
English used or the grade-school
sentence construction. -This was
the easy way to do the job.
Through this procedure the letter
was published; this letter was not
written by me, with my consent, or
even with my knowledge.
In view of the fact that this
anonymous substitution of identi-
ties has occurred not only to me,
but several weeks ago to a Med
School student as well as twice last
year, I would strongly recommend
the following: that the Daily check
not only with Student Directory
to see if such a student exists, but
contact by phone the person whose
signature is on the letter, if at all
feasible. Or suffer the legal con-
sequences.
In closing, let me again caution
the Daily deities not to substitute
expediency for thoroughness.
. -Anne Waterman
EDITOR'S NOTE: We sincerely re-
gret that a person has misused Miss
Waterman's name. Though we real-
ize that misrepresentation is a legal
offense it is a physical impossibility
to che&k all letters with their writ-
ers. This is the third time in two
years that such an incident has
occurred.
Senior Ball ..
To the Editor:
OAN THE NIGHT of March 15,
1952, one of the oldest tradi-
tions of the University of Michigan
will be observed in the ballroomof
the Michigan Union ... but not by
many ... and why???
On page two of The Daily for
March 12 you will find the major
reason . . thirty campus organi-
zations have scheduled approved
social events for the 15th! Doesn't
it appear strange that so many or-
ganizations are not willing to sup-
port a traditional Senior Ball?
This dance was scheduled last
year and was announced in the
University Calendar of Events.
Each student going through regis-
tration received one of these cal-
endars. -Therefore, there is no
valid excuse for any group to sche-
dule anything for that night.
It would seem to me that few
traditions still exist on this cam-
pus-Why, then, help to destroy
another?Obviously, campus events
can not be perpetuated if they are
not supported by the student body
as a whole.
As a junior, who would hate to
see Senior Ball eliminated as a
Michigan tradition, I am sincerely
disgusted.
-Barbara Belote
Lecture Ban.. .
To the Editor:
TO THOSE who are convinced
that the action of the lecture
committee is an undemocratic ac-
tion, the question arises as to why
the University officially has come
to sanction political gags on speak-
ers.
Many students have asked.:
Isn't this resorting tothe very
policy we accuse the Communists
of practicing? The vast majority
believe that our philosophy of gov-
ernment as expressed in the De-
claration of Independence and the
Constitution has stood and will
stand up in the fire of free dis-
cussion. We ask, then of what are

we afraid?
Why so much in recent years
have the universities gagged, ex-
pelled, banned and otherwise per-
securted holders of unpopular
ideas?
Apparently, those in authority,
heads of colleges, rulers of govern-
ment, mayors and governors, in
the majority, are afraid of the
Constitution, Bill of Rights and
our Declaration of Independence.
This is the only answer to whict
logic persists, however one may
try to avoid it. This is proved be-
cause no acts of treason, sabotage
or conspiracies have been uncover-
ed on the part of the- attacked lib-
erals, left-wingers, Communists o
their defenders. Only their ideas,
books, leaflets, etc.
This is proved because the gov-
ernment, both of national and 10-
cal varieties of inquisitions, at-
tacks the anti-Communist as well
as the Communist, the liberal;
trade union leader, Negro Peoples
leader. That is, anyone who may
differ with authority.
Apparently, those in power fea:
these ideas so much that the tra-

ideas are bad; you can't hear this
man."
What do you say?
--Robert N. McClelland
v . «
Union Dinner .. .
To the Editor:
IN LAUNCHING an investigation
of a private dinner at which
Arthur McPhaul spoke on the
question of genocide against the
Negro people, the University has
taken a major step forward in the
denial of civil rights to students.
Everyone knows that the Ad-
ministration has the right to ban
speakers on campus. That is bad
enough; a popular campaign to
get rid of the Lecture Committee
shows the sentiment of students
on that matter.
But does the Administration
have the right to ban speakers of
campus, whether in New York
troit, or even Ann Arbor? 0
University decide that stu,
may not even listen to ba e
speakers anywhere? If stud
may listen to a speaker off caj
pus, then why is the Univers
investigating those who heard Mc-'
Phaul?
Such an investigation, whatever
its results, Inplies that it is a
crime to listen to a speaker who
has been baed. Such an extn-
sion of censorship-va intimida-
tion-is hostile to the mpst basic
tradition of American democracy:
free speech.
In seizing on Henry Gerard, in
attempting to make a mystery out'
of the privatenature of the din-
ner, the University is diverting at-
tention from the real issue in or-
der to cover up its own attack on
students' rights, which deprives
students of hearing speakers of
their own choice.
The investigation diverts atten-
tion from the fact that the Uni-
versity itself created the condi-
tions under which McPhaul spoke.
He spoke to a private audience be-
cause the Administration would
not permit him to speak publicly.
The responsibility for a private
appearance' of Arthur McPhaul,
which the UnTvgsity, is investi-
gating, lies with none other than
the University,
-Mike Sharpe
Finals in May...
To the Editor:
PILIP TAYLOR'S letter in the
March 13 Daily seemed to be
a sort of belated postscript to the
last Literary College Conferene,
which was called, to discuss pos-
sible calendar reforms. A major
part of the discussion involved ar-
gument between repesentatives of
the administration and' Professors
Huntley & Crary, co-founders of
the Huntley-Crary plan On the
subject of pressure groups and
their influence in shaping the Cal-
endar, there was a definiteadmis-
sion by the administration that
such influence Idoes exist. It is
clear that elimination of "the
"lame-duck session" would affect
such groups as the resort 1dus-
try, the athletic department,. and
the May Festival Committee. Also,
an elpngated summer session
would be opposed by variouAs sec-
ondary teaching groups.
It is doubtful that any import-
ant improvements in the existing
calendar can be initiated so long
as tpis outside pressure exists. The
Thanksgiving holiday prblem was
isolated in a sense, and the solu-
tion did not concern any particu-
lar outside group. Until more con-
sideration is given to the student
body and their welfare, such re-
forms as "finals in May" and eli-
mination of the "lame-duck ses-
sion" are out of the question.
--Joe Silvan

"Now Do You Know Where He Stands?"

Xettet TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

-4

J,

t

14

ORIS Fl EESON:
election Issue

i

WASHINGTON-Republicans would have
a much easier Presidential campaign
problem if-they could be sure beyond per-
adventure that everybody will still have
money in their pockets next November.
There are already signs that they cannot
be sure of it.
No .drastic changes impend in the vast
leveling-up processes that have accom-
panied the rapidly rising national in-
come since the thirties. Spotty unemploy-
ment has appeared however and in some
areas, like New England and Detroit, it
is severe.
Defense spending has not gone forward at
the rate forecast. Republicans are leading
an effort to cut it down even more and to
trim the federal budget wherever possible.
Since civilians have not been pinched for
goods despite defense spending, few slack-
taking possibilities exist in that field. Agri-
culture also has been getting a lessening
share of the national income.
Thus it is quite possible that voters will
not be taking their recent social gains quite
so much for granted when they actually
ballot in eight months on Presidential candi-
dates being nominated now on a quite dif-
ferent set of issues.
Democratic confidence that they can
come up from behind -with a fighting
candidate despite the mess in Washington
is largely based on the fact that' these
social gains took place under Roosevelt
and Truman. They will, of course, promise
to continue them.
The internationalism which the party in
power practices is also a spending policy
in large part. It is often little realized how
much of the Congressional support for the

hower, and Harold Stassen, an internation-
alist, has support there too though he has
lost much of it to Ike.
It is perhaps more true to say that
Senator Taft can do no wrong with little
or medium-size business and that he ap-
proaches the heroic among people with
fixed incomes and the middle class which
has shared comparatively less in the re-
cent social gains. These groups are ar-
ticulate; they are not too numerous.
The shock of higher taxes accompanying
disclosures of corruption among the tax
collectors must further the cause of the
Republican party. Nevertheless, as a Wash-
ington taxi driver succinctly remarked to
a complaining passenger last week end:
"Mister, now I gotta buck."
There can be little doubt that the taxi
driver and millions like him now think they
have a vested interest in their prosperity
which they will be slow to relinquish.
Curiously, General MacArthur-absent
from this country during the years of the
great change-shows the most political per-
ception about it. He campaigns against the
administration on a high level of emotion-
alism, with the revivalist spirit. An emo-
tional drive of the MacArthur style could
well be the only appeal that could anesthe-
tize the pocketbook nerve of the voters..
In contrast Senator Taft continues to
make it almost inevitable for voters to
feel that, in a deflation, he will not hesi-
tate to apply the economic squeeze when
and as he hees fit. This may be right con-
duct-it is not so certain it's the way to
become President.
Looking at today's campaign against this
background of what could happen, one cynic
nit it,

.I

t,

'

Sixty-Second Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under ihe
authority of the Board of Control of
Student Publications
Editorial Staff
Chuck Elliott ........Managing Editor
Bob Keith,...........City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
vern Emerson ..........Feature Editor
Ron Watts......i...Associate Editor
Bob vaughn ...1.......Associate Editor
Ted Papes ................Sports Editor
George Flint ....Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker .....Associate Sports Editor
Jan James ............ Women's Editor
Jo Keteihut. Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Miller... ...Business Manager
Gene Kuthy. Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson .. ..Advertising Manager
Milt Goetz......Circulation Manager

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