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March 14, 1952 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1952-03-14

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Sir 411

See Page 4



Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXII, No. 113



Tax Bureau
Change Gets
Senate Okay
Top Tax Men Put
In Civil Service










WASHINGTON - () - Presi-
dent Truman's bitterly controver-
sial pl'an to revamp the scandal-
smirched Bureau of Internal Reve-
nue was written Into law yester-
day when the Senate, somewhat
surprisingly, voted 53 to 37 in
favor of it.
The House already had ap-
proved the plan.
CHIEF FEATURE of the plan
is to remove virtually all top of-
ficials of the huge tax collection
agency from the realm of political
appointment and blanket them in-
to the career Civil Service system.
Under the law, the votes of a
' full Senate majority-49 mem-
bers-were needed to reject the
reorganizing proposal. Oppo-
nents thus fell 12 votes short.
Most pre-rollcall guesses, even
by administration supporters, had
" been that the vote would be close
and that the Senate might turn
in a majority against the plan but
that it would fall short of the re-
quired 49 votes.,
There were only six absentees.
They were Senators Benton (D-
Conn), Taft (R-Ohio), Young (R-
N.D.), Jenner (R-Ind.), Kerr (D-
Okla.), and Bridges (R-N.H.).
THE VOTE cut sharply across
party lines. Voting in favor of the
plan were 30 Democrats and 23
Republicans, Including Sen. Wil-
liams (Del.), who helped uncover
tax scandals. Against it were 19
Republicans, and 18 Democrats,
all but four of them from the
"solid south" states.
The plan technically will be-
come effective at midnight to-
day, but the reorganization will
take months to complete. Under
its terms, it must be fully effec-
tiv by Dec. 1.
Secretary of the Treasury Sny-
der, hailing the Senate's favorable
vote, said "the transition will be
orderly to assure that the work of
the bureau will not be interfered
with," but "we shall act as speedily
as circumnstances permit."'
THE VOTE climaxed two days
of Senatorial debate on the plan,
submitted to Congress two months
ago and the subject of heated con-
troversy ever since.
Administration officials, in
hearings on the plan, had said it
would improve operations, set up
more direct lines of authority be-
tween Washington and field of-
fices, and tighten up supervision
over the bureau's 55,000 employes.
Prof. Pollock
Endorses 'Ike'
At a rally last night of 60 cam-
pus and county "Eisenhower for
President" backers, Prof. James
Pollock, chairman of the political
science department, publicly en-
dorsed the general for the first
Calling for support of 'Ike', Prof.
Pollock said the world prestige
Eisenhower has here and in other
nations will be a unifying influ-
ence on the foreign policy of the
United States."
He also praised the general's
administrative ability as demon-
strated in Europe.
Prof. Pollock is personally ac-
quainted with Eisenhower, Eisen-
hower-for-President Headquarters
in Washington last night made
public an excerpt from a letter
from the general giving assurances
that he would not be a "wild mav-
erick" and ignore the "rank and
file of any organization."

Although he did not mention
specifically the Republican Party
organization, there was no doubt
here that was what he meant in
It was regarded as a move to
build up Eisenhower strength with
leaders and workers in the Repub-
lican organization, many of whom
favor or are leaning toward Sen.
Robert Taft of Ohio.

H-BOMB PLANT--Slim metal tanks point skyward at the world's first hydrogen bomb plant, now
under construction along the South Carolina shore of the Savannah River, near Augusta, Ga. This
is the first picture of construction of the industrial plant to be approved for publication by the
Atomic Energy Commission. It was snapped from the wind of'a train passing within a half mile
of the scene. The project is classed as top secret by President Truman and the public is excluded
from the restricted area by barbed wire (foreground).
W ayne 'U' Coed E xpelled by Deans

DETROIT - Lorraine Faxon
Meisner was expelled from Wayne
Universityyesterday by the uni-
versity's Council of Deans.
She was informed of the deans'
action in a telegram from Wayne
president David Henry. (Mrs.
Meisner was suspended by Henry
almost two weeks ago following
her appearance before the House
Un-American Activities Commit-
tee hearings.)
* * *
THE WIRE SAID: "By action of
the Council of Deans you are ex-
pelled from membership in the

student body of Wayne University.
This action does not preclude con-
sideration of an application for
re-admission at such time as you
are able to give assurance of quali-
ties and conduct consonant with
the educational standards and ob-
jectives of the university."
The Council's action in expell-
ing Mrs. Meisner was based up-
on the report of an all-faculty
subcommittee on non-academic
discipline which met with Mrs.
Meisner and her lawyer last
The subcommittee report, re-

Student Panel Advocates
European Confederation


The chief hope for Europe in
the future lies in a European Con-
This was the consensus of opin-
ion among nine European students
who paticipated in a panel dis-
cussion on the problem of Euro-
pean Unity last night at a meet-
ing of the UNESCO Council here.
Kennan To Be
WASHINGTON -(A')- George
Frost Kennan, one of the princi-
pal authors of present U.S. policy
toward Russia, was confirmed yes-
terday as Ambassador to Russia.
The Senate approved his nomi-
nation without debate or opposi-
Russia has denounced Kennan,
chief author of the policy of..con-
tainment of Communism, but has
agreed to accept him as U.S. Am-
Kennan was named to succeed
Rear. Adm. Alan G. Kirk, who
resigned effective Feb. 6.


THE PANEL felt that a contin-
ental unity could be achieved, but
there are many obstacles which
must first be overcome.
The nine foreign students rep-
resented most of the nations
which would form the core of a
West European state: France,
Germany, Italy, Greece, Bel-
gium, and the Netherlands.
They felt that much progress
has been made in the seven years
since 1945 toward unifying the
continent. Several international
organizations are now in opera-
tion, one of which is that formed
by the Benelux nations. Others
such as that suggested by the
Schumann plan are expected to
begin soon.
One of the chief barriers to a
confederation is the economic one.
According to the panel, the cost
of production, the amount of un-
employment, and thus wages and
prices, differ greatly from one na-
tion to another.
Another important factor, they
felt, is the process of transferring
the allegiance of the people from
the individual states to the con-
federation as a whole. This must
be accomplished through gradual
education, it was emphasized.

leased yesterday, said Mrs. Meis-
ner "spoke in a manner disrespect-
ful to a properly constituted gov-
ernment body. Her attitude of dis-
respect and bad manners was epi-
tomized in her reply of 'No' to the
House committee's question: 'You
don't take these questions serious-
ly, do you?'"
they gave her a second chance to
testify willingly before the com-
mittee and reported that since she
failed to reappear only two infer-
ences could be drawn:
(1) Unreasonable refusal to
(2) An indication of prima
facie admission of criminal ac-
Dean Victor Rapport, chairman
of the subcommittee, told The
Daily that he didn't know that
Mrs. Meisner had denied being a
Mrs. Meisner had no comment
on her expulsion.
A rally on the Wayne campus
Wednesday to gain student sup-
port for Mrs. Meisner ended in
near riot. Many of the crowd of
2,000 booed and heckled as alleged
Communists John Cheverney and
Coleman Young attempted to
speak in Mrs. Meisner's behalf.
In Ann Arbor, the University
Student Legislature has protested
the student's suspension because
she wasn't notified in advance,
because she was suspended prior
to an opportunity for a hearing,
and because her hearing was con-
ducted by a committee which con-
tained no student representatives.
* * *
Stellato Fires
Two Suspect
Union Leaders
DETROIT-(P)-President Carl
Stellato of CIO United Auto Work-
ers Ford Local 600 yesterday sus-
pended two of his staff members
who were reluctant witnesses be-
fore the House Un-American Ac-
tivities Committee.
He also fired David Averill, edi-
tor of the local union's newspaper,
Ford Facts. Averill told the com-
mittee the paper was Communist-
* * *
SUSPENDED pending further
investigation were James Watts
and Walter Dorosh. Both refused
to testify before the Congressional
group concerning Communist Par-
ty membership.
Another development in the
wake of the committee hearings
which wound up here Wednesday
occurred when Russell J. Kitto,
34 years old, namedas a Com-
munist by one committee witness,
was fired from his job at the Cad-
illac division of General Motors
for allegedly threatening a fellow
employe with a blackjack.
Officers of Local 600 have
been ordered by the UAW In-
ternational Union to show cause
today why an administrator
should not be placed in charge
of the 65,090-member local.
Such a procedure would auto-
matically oust local officers
from their jobs.

Foreign Aid
Cut Fought
By Officials
Any Drop Seen
As RedVictory
ministration told a reluctant Con-
gress yesterday that any deep cut
in next year's $7,900,000,000, for-
eign aid program would be a
"major victory" for the Kremlin.
Such a sum, it added, is less
than would be required for a single
month of a world war.
THESE VIEWS were presented
by-four chief spokesmen in open-
ing the administration's fight
against any cuts in President Tru-
man's plans for world-wide mili-
tary and economic assistance in
the fiscal year beginning July 1,
The appeal, and a review of
world problems, were made by
Secretary of State Acheson, Sec-
retary of Defense Lovett, Gen.
Omr N. Bradley, Chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and
W. Averell Harriman, Mutual
Security Administrator.
They appeared before a joint
meeting of the Senate Foreign Re-
lations and Armed Services Com-
mittee and the House Foreign Af-
fairs Committee.
* * *
A CROWD of spectators, jam-
med into the floodlighted Senate
Caucus Room, heard Acheson de-
scribe a rare "moment of history"
in Europe which he said should
not be lost. All four outlined the
threat of enlarged war in Asia.
But Chairman Richards (D-
S.C.) and Rep. Vorys (R-Ohio)
of the House committee said
they were not yet convinced that
the program should be left un-
changed. Richards, who has pre-
dicted a billion dollar cut, said
Congress awaited further evi-
dence to be presented before the
two committees.
The Senate committee will be-
gin questioning Harriman today,
and the House group will start
hearings next Tuesday with Ache-
son scheduled to appear.
Yesterday, the four spokesmen
merely read prepared statements
-the foundation of their case.
General Bradley said World War
II cost an average of seven billion
dollars a month to fight.
"Thus, the entire Mutual Se-
curity Program for fiscal year
1953 costs only a little more than
one month of World War II."
Taft Still Expects
To Get Nomination
Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) said
yesterday, "It still looks, today, as
though I will have enough dele-
gates" to win the Republican pres-
idential nomination at Chicago in
Taft, correcting a news confer-
ence questioner, said he had not
said previously he was "confident"
of winning the nomination.

-Dainy-Stu Ross
THE SPACE outside the circle and extending to the city limits
on the above map shows the area that the Union specaI shuttle
car service will include for tomorrow's Constitutional meeting and
Open House.
Union Consttuion Vote
Scheduled for Tomorrow
'Another attempt to revise the Union Constitution will be made
from 2:30-3:30 p.m. tomorrow at a special constitutional meeting in
the main ballroom of the Union.
Held in conjunction with the Union Open House, the reform
meeting requires a quorum of 400- members to make changes. Previous
attempts at gathering a quorum have often failed but a special all-
out effort is being made tomorrow, John Kathe, 52P, Union Presi-
dent, said.
* * * *
A SPECIAL SHUTTLp-CAR service will be provided to pick up
members who live a mile from the Union and within the city limits
for the meeting and Open House. Men who desire rides from 1:30-.
2:15 p.m. are urged by Jim Moran, '52, executive secretary, to call
the Union between 1 and 5 p.m.4

Cooney Net
Two Tallies
Tonight's Victor
Faces M' Squad
Special to The Daily
gan's defending phampons ove
whelmed St. Lawrence, 9-3, lhr
last night to alvanceIo t e
finals of the ID52 NCAA hockey
The Wolverines will play fo the
title tomorrownlight, against th
winner of tonight's Colorado bi
lege-Yale contest.
MICHIGAN'S scoring was paced
by John McKennell and Pat Coon
ey who both netted two gbals,
Playing without NellLalFgill,
their leading scorer, the Larries
managed to tally three times-
once in the second period and
twice in the third-while Michi-
igan was shorthanded.
THE WOLVERINES took the ice
at the start of the first period in-
tent on keeping the puck in the
St. Lawrence end and succeeded
almost at will, but it didn't pay off
until 8:36 when Graham Cragg
blasted a 30-foot screen shot high
into the far crner of the Larries'
George Chin quickly added to
Michigan's total when he got in
all alone on John Boylan, St.
Lawrence goalie, and easily beat
him 091 A short shot.
Less than a minute later, John
McKennell took a pass from Paul
Pelow and beat Boylan with an-
other short flip shot.
* * *
PAT COONEY made it 4-0 as he
grabbed a pass from Chin and
blasted home a 20 footer.
With Don Langill off for trip-'
ping, Reggie Shave let go wit a
screen shot that wvhizzed
through a mass of players right
into the St. Lawrence net. There
was only one second remaining
in the first period at the time.
Michigan quickly took over
where they left off before intermi-
sion. At 4:28, McKennel notched
his second score of the night after
taking a pass froig Haas to
make the score 6-0.
Talk on POW
Issue Reaches
Virtual Snarl
MUNSAN, Friday, March 14-
(P)-The United Nations command
today proposed that the stalled
negotiations on prisoner exchange
be handed back to the lower level
meetings of staff officers for "fur-
ther exploration."
It was tacit admission that both
sides had exhausted arguments
and were hopelessly snarled, for
the moment at least.
* * *
THE REDS said they would con-
sider the allied proposal and reply
The staff officers only 18 days
ago reached a dead end on' the
exchange problem and gave It
back to the Admirals and Gen-
erals who formed a higher level
sub-committee of the main ar-
mistice delegations.

Rear Adm. R. E. Libby, UN Coni-
mand Subdelegate, told the Reds
today, "it is apparent' that we
have reached a situation . .
where progress at best will be ex-
tremely slow."
* * *
STAFF OFFICERS met today to
take up again a Red proposal
Which allied negotiators believe
may be an attempt to write into
the armistice' by subterfuge a

The Constitution changes in-
volve three basic issues designed
to bring it up to date. These will
be presented to Union members
at the meeting and after an
open decision and question pe-
riod will be put to a vote. In
order to vote a member must
have his Union card with him,
Moran stressed.
One amendment would alter the
method of representation in elect-
ing Union vice-president's, another
would make the highest ranking
male officer of, Student Legisla-
ture, rather than the chairman of
the Men's Judiciary, an ex-officio
member of the Union Board; and
the third would simplify the meth-.
of of making further amendments
to the Constitution.
* * *
UNDER THE proposed change
in election of vice-presidents the
addition of one new vice president
post would create a student ma-
jority on the board. Another ef-
fect would call for one vice-presi-
dent from the combined schools of'
medicine and dentistry and one
from the Law School to be elected
by straight vote, while the rest

would be elected at large by the
Hare system from the rest of the
This move is designed to allow
more than one highly qualified
candidate running from one school
to be elected if there were none
from another group. Because the
law and medical schools are more
widely separated from the under-
graduate constituency they would
be allowed to elect their own vice-
The second proposed amend-
ment, making the highest ,rank-
See 'SPECIAL', Page 6
NYC Swings
Back to Work
CHICAGO --()- ,Operations
swung virtually back to normal on
the New York Central System yes-
terday after the last holdout strik-
ers went back to work in Chicago,
Toledo and Elkhart, Ind.
Full shifts of engineers, firemen
and conductors were on the job in
all divisions.

Ban on Russian Travel
By U.S. Declared Legal

"Any country has the right -to
restrict people from traveling
within its borders," said Prof.
Lawrence Preuss, international
law expert and member of the po-
litical science department, as he
discussed the United States' new
ban on Russian travel in this
Imposed this week and effective
immediately, the government ord-
er requires most Russians in this
country to file formal notice 48
hours in advance of any travel be-
yond 25 miles from New York or
* * *
ment and the Department of De-
fense have the power to veto any
proposed trip. Should a Russian
violate the order, his illegal travel

FIVE ATLANTIC Pact allies:
Canada, Great Britain, France,
Italy and Holland quickly follow-
ed suit with their own curbs on
Russian travel. Indications are
that nearly all Pact members will
enact similar restrictions.
"Diplomats are ordinarily
supposed to be able to go any-
where," Prof. Preuss remarked,
"But Russia imposed its own re-
strictions on the movement of
our diplomats several years ago
and now its gotten to the point
where you can't go anywhere in
Russia's controls on United
States' diplomats were first order-
ed in 1941, but were relaxed dur-
ing the war when the two coun-
tries were allies. Lately they have
been reimposed and strengthened

Mad Foxes Plague Penn. Villages

plague of mad foxes, described as
probably the worst in Pennsyl-
vania's history, has aroused much
uneasiness in scores of villages,
towns and rural regions of the
Commonwealth officials admit-
yesterday they still have a long
way to go before ending a scourge
which has affected the daily life
of thousands for some three

even young cattle. And they
have hurled themselves against
automobiles on the road.
Worst afflicted areas are in
Eastern Pennsylvania and parts
of the west, although marauding
foxes have been reported also in
the mid-land.
IN THE BELT north from Phil-
adelphia to the hard coal country
around Wilkes-Barre and Scran-
ton, authorities haye expressed

a suburban home where three
children were undressing for bed.
Their mother snatched a broom
and whacked the fox out of the.
house and down the back steps.
* * *
ATTACKS SUCH as that one,
by no means uncommon, have
pointed up the danger. Night pa-
trols have been organized. Family
dogs are being walked by' groups
assembled for better protection

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