THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, MARCH 2,-1952
- I U I
T1HE CONTAGION of hysteria works both
This week, the House Un-American
activities Committee set about to whip up
"consciousness" of "Communist influence"
in Michigan. We must credit it with a
good deal of success. Associates of wit-
nesses who appeared before the group
have become quite conscious of their sus-
pected fellows-even to the point of mob
On the other hand, groups and indi-
viduals under attack or having reason to
fear the Committee's publicized probing
have utilized similar tactics of perpetuat-
ing hysteria to denounce the Committee's
purposeless antics. "Smear," "witch hunt"
and "anti-Negro" are a few of the emo-
tional cliches which have marked the cam-
paign against the Committee.
The charges are, in most casts, well-
founded and represent sincere concern with
the rights of the American citizen. Un-
fortunately, they only provoke the tighten-
ing of the Committee's grip on the public
A stellar example of this type of ap-
proach was used by Arthur McPhaul, a
belligerent witness at Wednesday's hear-
ings, who used his appearance t) gain
obnoxious martyrdom. Diverting the at-
tention of the Congressmen and press
*representatives to the Southern origin of
Chairman Wood and Counsel Tavenner,
McPhaul succeeded only in evoking snick-
ers from the potentially friendly specta-
tors in the hearing room. The man on the
street who had strong suspicious about
McPhaul's political affiliations by now is,
rightly or wrongly, dead sure.
McPhaul had an opportunity as all the
other witnesses to calmly cast grave doubts
on the worth of the Committee's efforts. In-
stead, he played right into its hands-and
the typewriters of a hungry press.
It takes no emotion to point out that the
Committee has proved nothing worthwhile
to date; that it has, inevitably, failed to
corrobaratk by testimony data compiled by
the FBI;, that it has provided sensational
copy for the slanted accounts of the Motor
City newspapers; that it has exiled its sub-
poenaed witnesses from a secure existence;
that it has virtually outlawed the Commun-
ist Party with no statutory basis.
These are facts. A fair-minded journal-
ist is obliged to point them out-again
and again. The average American is not
so stupid that he can't recognize them-
unless he is hemmed in by hysterical
rantings on both sides of the\ fence.
There is conviction in truth when it is
conveyed with the respect which it deserves.
David Lilienthal showed us-without bene-
fit of television. Barnes Connable
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
re written by members of The Daily staff
nd represent the views of the writer only.
his must be noted in all reprints,
NIGHT EDITOR: ZANDER HOLLANDER
WITH DREW PEARSON
WHILE the public anxiously watches U.N.
truce negotiations to free American
prisoners in Korea, many ex-G.I.'s who were
prisoners during the last war wonder if
Congress will ever get around to settling
claims arising out of their imprisonment.
Though Congressional hearts bleed pro-
fusely for G.I. prisoners of the Commu-
nists, some of the same congressmen are
secretly 'trying to whittle down or com-
pletely eliminate the funds to compensate
U.S. war prisoners for work they per-
formed while prisoners of Italy, Germany,
or Japan. Though these payments won't
cost the American taxpayers a single cent,
IT is good to see that the Union Council
so strongly defends its lately faltering
rule, the "closed" door for women.
Without a doubt, a good many of the
campus female population were thrown into
a dither Friday with the leapyear report
that the Union front door had been etern-
ally thrown open, of all things, to women.
The Union's door policy is one of the
favorite traditions of the Michigan coed.
It is something nurtured and griped over
and laughed at year after year, passed on
from senior to freshman with reverent
approval. To change it would be nothing
short of sacrilege.
Besides, such a liberal revision would
make the Union almost like any other union
on campuses all over the country.
We .shudder at the thought.
Congres( is strangely reluctant to O.K.
TheGeneva convention provided that a"
nation which captures enemy prisoners in
wartime must pay these men for labor per-
formed as prisoners. Accordingly, after
World War II, we concluded agreements
with the German, Italian and Japanese
government, under which Congress appro-
priated a total of $169,000,000 to pay enemy
prisoners for work done for us.
IN contrast, the Axis countries paid our
G.I.'s almost nothing for their work.
One group of allied prisoners built a rail.
road 200 miles through the steaming Bur-
mese jungle. Sixty thousand men began
the construction; only 28,0000 men were
alive when it was completed. For this
work, the Japanese paid our men the
magnificent sum of ten cents a day.
In 1948, therefore, Congress decided to pay
these P.O.W. claims by selling alien property
in this country and using the proceeds to
pay our war prisoners as well as other
fHowever, believe it or not, Congress is
now considering turning this alien property
back to German, Italian, and Japanese na-
tionals, rather than paying American
There are a total of 14 bills now before
the House Interstate and Foreign Com-
nerce Committee-several of them al-
ready passed by the Senate-which would
return the property" to certain classes of
former enemy nationals.
NOTE-American prisoners of war were
paid $1 a day from enemy assets under (a
provision of the Geneva Convention regard-
ing low quality food, but nothing for labor
MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
STEVENSON ON THE FIRST BALLOT-IF
WASHINGTON-A strange, high drama
is playing about the rather homely per-
son of President Harry S. Truman these
days. There is no doubt at all that until a
month or so ago, the President was very
strongly inclined to withdraw from the race,
and to back Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illi-
nois for the Democratic nomination. Since
then, all sorts of pressures have been brought
to bear on Truman. And the terrible' isola-
tion which the White House imposes on any
man has made him vulnerable to these
Almost all the Democratic professional
politicians privately believe that Truman's
renomination would tear the party apart.
A Very large majority of these profes-
sionals favor the nomination of Gov. Ste-
venson. But, remembering 1948, they do
not dare to say so. With a few exceptions,
they do not even dare to announce pub-
licly in favor of Stevenson as second choice,
since this might be interpreted as hos-
tility to Truman.
At the same time, those whose power is
directly dependent on Truman's continued
presence in the White House are maneuver-
ing astutely. Knowing that Truman likes
Stevenson personally, they agree that Ste-
venson is "a fine man." But it is too bad,
they say, that his divorce and other con-
siderations rule him out. Besides, what the
party needs is a fighter-like Harry Tru-
man-and Stevenson has made it plain he
does not even very much want to run. In
short, Stevenson wouk make a weak candi-
date, and the President must make the sacri-
fice again himself.
TRUMAN would not be human if all this
did not sound convincing to him. Yet the
fact that the professionals themselves con-
sider Stevenson an extremely strong candi-
date is very easy to prove. For even a par-
tial count of the states which can be pretty
certainly placed in the Stevenson column
shows that Stevenson is likely to be nom-
inated on the first ballot, if Truman with-
draws and backs the Illinois Governor.
California, for example, can be counted
a sure Stevenson state at the convention.
Patrick Brown, who is swing man between
the Roosevelt and, Pauley factions of the
California organization, has already tele-
phoned Stevenson on his own initiative
to tell him that he can expect the sup-
port of the entire California delegation if
Truman withdraws. The Northwest Demo-
cratic organizations are pro-Stevenson.
So are the key Mid-West states. Missouri,
of course, will g as Truman wants it to go.
In Indiana, Gov. Henry Schricker is one of
the few who has publicly announced for
Stevenson as second choice. Michigan's Gov.
G. Mennen Williams is privately pro-Ste-
venson, and so is his state organization. Illi-
nois is certain for Stevenson, of course, and
Stevenson has important strength in other
The big East Coast states are without
exception sure to be in the Stevenson
column, if Truman decides not to run. New
York's powerful Ed Flynn, State Chair-
man Paul Fitzpatrick, and Sen Herbert
Lehman are all privately strongly sympa-
thetic to Stevenson. Connecticut's Sen.
Brien McMahon, who firmly controls his
state organization, is another who has
publicly backed the Illinois Governor.
Gov. Paul Dever, of Massachusetts, who
is similarly powerful in his state organiza-
tion, has actually been scouring the country
drumming up Stevenson support on a con-
tingent basis. The New Jersey state organiza-
tion is pro-Stevenson, and Pennsylvania's
powerful Democratic boss David Lawrence
(of Pittsburgh) has also let the Stevenson
backers know that he will be in their corner
if Truman withdraws.
* * *
IN the South, Gov. James F. Byrnes of
South Carolina (who is an old friend of
Stevenson's) has agreed at least tentatively
with the other Southern leaders not to split
the party if Stevenson is nominated, as
they will certainly do if Truman runs again.
In short, if Truman decides to land on the
mantle to Stevenson, he will find the re-
sistance almost non-existent.
Partly this is because there are so few
alternatives. Chief Justice Fred Vinson les
taken himself out of the running, as te-
ported some time ago in this space. No one
now takes very seriously the candidacy
of Sen. Estes Kefauver, who has alienated
not only Truman but many party regulars;
Sen. Robert Kerr of Oklahoma is given no
chance without Truman's all-out support
-and even in this unlikely case, there
would be powerful resistance to the nom-
ination of this big oilman who opposed
the civil rights program.
But the real reason for the extraordinarily
widespread support for Stevenson described
above is the simple and obvious one. The
professionals believe that Stevenson would
be the strongest possible candidate, and in
view of Stevenson's record they are un-
riniit ,-~s arv irt nc n oivns . -r . i
fette/'4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters or
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or.withheld from publication at the discretion of the
"I'm afraid I can't answer that question, Professor Schultz,
on the grounds that it might . .
THE UN-AMERICAN Committee whipped into Detroit for a week-
long stand. Featured vocalist: Mrs. Bereniece Baldwin. Tune:
"Three CP Cells in Ann Arbor." For further details, see page 1.
Local .. ,
AIMLESS-The Association of Independent Men-rapidly disinte-
grating because of general independent apathy and an inability to
formulate a purpose for the Association-fell victim to a reorganizing
campaign last week. A meeting was held Monday-no decision was
reached. A meeting was held Wednesday-no decision was reached.
A meeting was held Thursday-no decision was reached. Monday's
get-together was the second unsuccessful attempt in two weeks to
attract enough representatives to elect a new president. It's only
result-treasurer Bob Reardon announced he was resigning his post
to join a fraternity. While AIM's officers were scratching their heads,
puzzled by an 85 per cent independent campus lacking a need for a
"voice," the organization was rapidly moving toward a quiet atrophy.
And as a special committee worked strenuously into the night to find
a purpose for the organizatioi AIM officials were lugubriously con-
fiding that it was the "end of an era."
STUDENT SAC?-The Student Affairs Committee recommended
to the Regents that students in the future be given a seven to six
majority, but defeated a suggestion to allow SL to select all student
members to the SAC.
* * * *
REBELLIOUS FEMINISTS-An emotional bunch of coeds swarmed
at the Union's sacred front doors Thursday night, gathered their
forces, and cracked the sanctified Union tradition by scampering into
the main lobby over the protests of photogenic Union officials. But
it was all a mistake. Rumors had spread that Union policy-makers
had rescinded the ruling. President John Kathe clarified the situa-
tion the next day, insisted the ruling was still in effect. Luckily, it
didn't get to the "alumni in Detroit."
SLICED PEAR-University hopes for a $476,000 deficiency appro-
priation received a severe jolt when the Senate Republican caucus
sliced the item. University officials were disturbed.,Reason: the request
was to cover this year's six percent cost of living pay increase. Econ-
omy-minded GOP'ers however, still have to contend with an election
FLUNKEES-Rumors to the contrary, the University did not
flunk out 2,000 students last semester, 'U' officials hastily announced.
* * * *
PETTING PROBLEM-"Petting in the lounges and lying on the
couches" just isn't natural. The edict of the Stockwell House Council
-it's got to go. Patrolling replaced petting.
STACY APPEALS-Convicted firebug Robert H. Stacy, responsible
for the 1950 Haven Hall blaze, is not responsible-he says. In a letter
to The Daily, Stacy appealed for help in proving his innocence. The
former Latin teaching fellow, who is now teaching at Jackson Prison,
claimed that he was "in the second floor men's lounge of the Rackham
Bldg. at the time" of the $2,000,000 arsony. "I was reading a copy of
Horace," the young intellectual asserted. He demanded an opportun-
ity to take his appeal to a federal court. Judge James F. Breakey, Jr.,
who sent Stacy to Jackson, had this comment: "I feel very sorry for
him, but we have to protect society." Stacy's appeal struck a note of
sympathy with others, however.
* * " *
International .. .
SUCCESSFUL CONFERENCE-When foreign, finance and defense
ministers from fourteen NATO member nations cleared out of Lisbon
conference rooms Monday, they patted themselves on the back for
completing the first successful meeting in NATO's four-year history.
In five days, they had drawn up plans for a 300 billion Western
defense armament and had revamped their own sprawling organiza-
tion to include a non.military headquarters on an equal par with
Eisenhower's Supreme Military Command. Under the military set-up,
the ministers approved formation of a six-nation European Defense
Community. It would combine West German troops with those of
France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy and Luxembourg in a one-
If for no other reason than the successful compromises between
national interests and between military and financial factions which
the conference achieved, the ministers had a right to be pleased
UNSUCCESSFUL CONFERENCE-The Allies are tired of com-
promising. After days of deadlock over the issue of Russia as a neutral
truce inspector in Korea, a high-level United Nations command
Friday issued an irrevocable decision to bar Russia from the neutral
position. Supervision of an armistice, one of two final points holding
back truce settlement, was deadlocked for weeks over the North
Korean proposal to include Russia as one of six neutral observer
nations. The UN delegation has pointedly refused to consider Russia
a neutral. Friday's ultimatum put a stop to day-by-day haggling
over the definition of "neutrality"; but with the Red delegation
standing equally firm with threats of a sit-down strike, a serious
stalemate appears to be the inevitable result.
Negotiators were in an equally uncompromising mood over a
UN proposal for voluntary repatriation of prisoners of war. Allies
insist that prisoners should be allowed to choose whether or not they
return. North Koreans have announced they will "hold out forever"
on their view that all prisoners be returned, regardless of choice.
Future Plans .. .
To the Editor:
THE APPARENT demise of AIM
should provide the Men's resi-
dence Halls with an excellent op-
portunity to realize a long sought
central organization of their stu-
In its time AIM was not alto-
gether useless. It creditably oper-
ated the "Little Club." It periodi-
cally supplied the Men's dorms
with athletic equipment at a dis-
count. Occasionally it attempted
to coordinate the thinking of men
in the dorms. It often times en-
couraged the more reticent inde-
pendent to partake in co-curri-
cular activities. Finally, you might
say that it served as a fourth in
the campus bridge game of Assem-
bly, Pan Hel, and IFC. But AIM's
position was always too tenuous.
It was an integral part of nothing.
It purported to speak for all in-
dependents yet consisted entirely
of men from the dorms. And even
these "representatives" were for
the most part only remotely asso-
ciated with constituted dorm stu-
dent governments. It was unavoid-
able, then, that AIM should falter.
as it has this semester.
As a consequence of AIM's pre-
sent dilemma, there are three
principal alternatives: (1) An at-
tempt to revise and reorganize
within the present framework. (2)
The three Quads may choose to
each go their respective ways. (3)
A new and different group may be
organized - a Men's Residence
Halls council. The logical solu-
tion is the latter ss.,
To achieve such a structure,
which would incorporate Quad and
House governments, it would seem
that these events should take
(1) The Quads ought to come to
an agreement to let AIM die and
to form themselves a provisional
Men's Residence Hall council.
(2) Each, House represented in
AIM should attend the next meet-
ing of AIM and vote to make it
the last. (A motion transfering
title to AIM'S -property and funds
to the Quads should be passed.)
(3) The House presidents then
should adopt a temporary scheme
of organization for their inter-
quad council. (A key feature of
this scheme ought to be the in-
clusion of the present Men's Re-
presentative to the Board of Gov-
ernors of Residence Halls as an
officer of the group) .B.
Un-Amercan . . .
To the Editor:
THE COMMITTEE on Un-Amer-1
ican Activities of the House of,
Representatives arrived in the De-
troit area February 25th. They
lave already subpoenaed two
Wayne University students.
We deplore the presence of this
Committee for the following rea-'
sons: The Committee has consis-
tently violated the fundamental
ideas of right of trial, right of
cross-examination, right to know
your accuser-has through its tac-
tics forced numerous people to
lose positions and social accept-
ance, often without ever directly
investigating them. One of the
members of this committee has
even gone to such extremes as cit-
ing Newbold Morris, Republican
party member and chairman of
the President's committee to in-
vestigate corruption in Washing-
The Committee's actions have
been antithetical to the American
concepts of individual 'rights and
legislative and Judicial responsi-
bility. For thse reasons, the Civil
Liberties Committee has adopted
the following resolution:
"Believing that un-American ac-
tivities should be dealt with by
responsible methods in accord with
the American traditions of free-
dom of speech, trial by jury, and
in all circumstances due process of
law, we protest the irresponsible
procedures of the House Un-Am-
erican Activities Committee. We,
therefore, urge that any activities
of this Committee be conducted in
a manner which will increase its
respect and effectiveness among
the American citizens, to whom
the Committee's past activities
have not represented truly Amer-
-Pevra Landau, Chairman
-Civil Liberties Committeej
* * *
Kukla, Fran & SL.. .
To the Editor,
IN one important respect the
House and Senate committees
of our national legislative body
are similar to our own Student
Legislature here on the Michigan
campus: that is, the apathetic at-I
titude of those people who, in the
long run, will be affected by the
actions taken by these organiza-
Yet, last year saw one of the
most enthusiastic demonsti'ations
TIME, LIFE and FORTUNE are
known to have sponsored such
telecasts in the past. While we
could never hope to engage the
resources of these publications, it
might be worth while for some of
our student legislators to contact
the editors of VARSITY and
SEVENTEEN and consult them
concerning the possibility of ob-
taining their patronage in this
I feel sure that, if the meetings
of our Student Legislature were
televised, student interest would
increase almost without bounds.
High school students from coast
to coast would view the programs
with much interest and the Uni-
versity's enrollment would also in-
crease. Perhaps some alumni,
watching their television sets see-
ing democracy in action, would
even be inclined to substantially
add to their endowments. This
could finance a North Quadrangle
-E. Sterling Sader
* * *
To the Editor:
SINCE Barnaby has 'departed,
leaving an empty space at the
bottom of the Daily editorial page,
who could be a more natural and
worthy successor than that re-
nowned 'possum, Pogo?
Pogo not only makes entertain-
ing reading, he provides a liberal,
amusing and sly comment on the
issues of the day for those too
lazy to read the editorial columns.
Pogo and his friends of the
swamp have already won national
acclaim and climbed to the top of
the best-seller list. We would be,
honored to receive him, if only in
print, here at our great univer-
sity. Who knows, we might even
start a "Pogo for President" club.
We want Pogo!
EIITOR'S NOTE: Unfortunately The
Detroit News which has territorial
rights to Pogo has refused to give The
Daily permission to run it. Until we
are able to secure something better
than Mandrake the Magician, there
will not be a comic stri,.
ALWing . ..
To the Editor,
ON behalf of the Student Legis-
lature I should like to apologize
for the article which appeared in
last Thursday's Daily stating that
the Administrative Wing was hold-
ing its Thursday training meet-
ing in the Michigan Union instea.
of the SL , building. This mis-
statement was not the fault of the
Daily, but the mistake of the
Legislature. I realize that quite
a number of pers'ons who were
interested in the Wing's activities
went to the Union only to dis-
cover that no meeting was being
held there. All future meetings
of the Administrative Wing will
be held on Thursdays at 4:00
p. m. in the SL office, and I sin-
cerely hope that all persons in-
terested in the activities of the
Wing will accept our apology. We
would greatly appreciate your con-
Co-ordinator of the
* * *
The Champs . +'.
To the Editor,
TN the Daily, Adams Hose lost
another volleyball match (this
time to the Education faculty).
But in the I. M. Building, Adams
House has not lost a volleyball
match in two years.
. .. ..
rw ri w
MRS. WARREN'S PROFESSION, by G. B.
Shaw. Presented at the Arts Theater Club,
2092 East Washington.
BERNARD SHAW'S early investigation in-
to the lot of the independent woman, as
presented by the Arts 'Theater Club, is a
polished, well-paced production-the best, I
should say, of the Club's offerings thus far
this year. Viewed from the perspective of
fifty-odd years, the play can no longer be
called, as it once was, "bawdy and unfit for
mixed company"; but its theme of a woman
who must become a prostitute because her
world offers her nothing else holds up ex-
cellently: there is none of the quaint and
UNION officials have again proclaimed
their stand that the Union is operated
as a "men's club" and therefore continue
to regard women guests as intruders-
wanted or unwanted.
Women already have a firm foot in at
least the back door of the Union and have
even been allowed to enter the realms of
the cafeteria-provided they stay only
within the limits of the ridiculously timed
outmoded flavor one finds so often even in
"social-problem" plays only 10 or 15 years
This is due partly to the glittering, inde-
structibledialogue of Shaw, and partly to
director Bob Laning's approach to the
handling of the production. Obviously un-
willing to treat the story as a piece of
antique whimsy, Laning has chosen simply
to do the entire thing as it would have
been done in 1894, and to depend upon
Shaw, costumes and sets, and, above all,
upon his entirely competent cast. Thus,
even though the issue it deals with no
longer exists, the production has simplicity,
vitality, and a surprising feeling of im-
In the title role, Jo Willoughby, in her
second appearance with the Club, is strident
and articulate. And Joyce Henry, as her
daughter Vivie, whose clinical approach to
the problems of human beings is shattered
by some close contact with human beings, is
clearly a useful addition to the organization.
As Frank Gardner, Don Douglas at last
has been given a role which shows him to his
best advantage. His was the best perform-
ance of the evening, and he demonstrates
a facility with the intricacies of Shavian
dialectic which is nothing short of marvelous.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control of
Chuck Elliott.......Managing Editor
Bob Keith .................City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
VTern Emerson ,........Feature Editor
Ron Watts...........Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn..........Associate Editor
Ted Papes.............Sports Editor
George Flint . , ..Associate6 Sports Editor
Jim Parker .....Associate Sports Editor
Jan James............Women's Editor
Jo Ketelhut, Associate Women's Editor
Bob Miller ...........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy, Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ....,Advertising Manager
Milt Goetz....... Circulation Manager