AGAINST THE SPEAKERS
See Page 2
Latest Deadline in the State
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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 1. 1952
ANN ARBOR. MICHIa~Naaf Sa AURAY.. MlAI Vll if1Q 1(
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# * # #
Reached On Red
MUNSAN, Korea, Saturday, March 1 (P)-Korean armistice nego-
tiations reached their most critical impasse in seven months yesterday
when a high-level United Nations command decision barring Russia
as a neutral truce inspector was delivered to the Communists.
Angrily the Communists demanded that the Allies withdraw their.
statement and accused the UN command of "an unreasonable, arbi-
trary and aloof attitude."
UN NEGOTIATORS had informed the Reds that "under no
circumstances will there be a change in the decisions." The rejection
" of Russia was called absolutely
Appeals. for Aid
In Bid forRetrial
Robert, H. Stacy, 32 year old
convicted arsonist now serving a
five to ten year sentence for 1950's
$2,000,000 Haven Hall blaze, still
says he didn't do it and wants
help in proving his innocence.
In an appeal to The Daily re-
ceived yesterday, the former Latin
teaching fellow asserts that he was
"in the second floor men's lounge
of the Rackham Bldg. at the time,
reading a copy of Horace."
* * *
STACY CHARGED that his Ann
Arbor trial before Judge James F.
Breakey Jr. was "prejudiced and
unfair," demanding an opportun-
ity to take his appeal to a federal
The Michigan Supreme Court
has already declined to review
his appeal. And it appeared last
night that securing the consid-
eration of the United States
Supreme Court in Stacy's case
would involve an appeal on
grounds that his trial constitut-
ed a violation of the 14th amend-
ment; i.e., that Stacy was being
deprived of life, liberty or prop-
erty without due process of law.
In his original appeal Stacy's
court-appointed lawyer, Leonard
H. Young, charged there were six-
teen "errors" in the trial proce-
dure. He slammed hardest the
use of Stacy's repudiated confes-
sion to establish that a crime had
By The Associated Press
There was some apparent if un-
publicized redrawing of Demo-
cratic presidential lines yesterday
in the wake of Senator Richard B.
Russell's announcement that he is
ax candidate for the nomination.
Organization strength in much
of the South swung to the Georgia
senator. immediately following his
entry into the race on Thursday.
It was evident that much of the
Dixie strength which might have
gone to Senator Estes Kefauver of
Tennessee was ebbing away. -
JACK BELL, Associated Press
political reporter, said the Rus-
sell candidacy also posed a.serious
threat to Truman, who has said
he will delay for another month or
r so at least any disclosure of his
Writing from Washington,
Bell said the prospective Demo-
cratic candidate who might be
helped most by the Russell move
is Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illi-
nois. There has been much spec.
ulation that if Truman does not
run, .he might seek to get the
nomination for Stevenson.
* Meanwhile, in Montgomery, Ala.,
a state supreme court decision
yesterday left anti-Truman Demo-
crats free to run for presidential
elector in Alabama without taking
the new national party loyalty
In other developments yester-
day, Senator Robert A. Taft of
s Ohio took his campaign for the
Republican nomination to Chica-
go, Harold E. Stassen challenged
Gov. Earl Warren of California in
Warren's home state, and a news-
paper survey showed Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower enjoying .a narrow
and possibly shaky margin over
Taft in New Hampshire.
WASHINGTON -(RP)-A Selec-
tive Service official said yesterday
it appears that 600,000 to 700,000
men will have to enter the armed
forces in the year starting July 1
to maintain their strength at 3 1/
These men, the official empha-
sized to a reporter, would not all
be draftees but would include the
volunteers and any reserves or Na-
tional Guard units the defense de-
partment might order into ser-
vice. He said the total did not in-
clude men the armed forces ex-
pect to reenlist.
He indicated that Selective Ser-
vice has had no word from the de-
fense department as to how many
men it expects to ask through the
draft next year, nor for any month
beyond April of this year.
Draft calls are set and issued by
"final and irrevocable."
The Alles also announced
there was no possibility they
would abandon their stand
against forcing prisoners to re-
turn to the Communist side if
they did not want to go back.
In this unyielding frame of
mind, Allied negotiators prepared
to go to Panmunjom once more to-
day for a staff officers' session on
truce supervision and a meeting
on prisoner exchange by a sub-
committee of the main armistice
delegation. Both meetings were
scheduled for 11 a.m. (9 p.m. Fri-
day, Ann Arbor time).
Brig. Gen. William P. Nuckols,
UN command spokesman, said the
decision to bar Russia from par-
ticipation as a neutral came from
"very high military levels."
CORRESPONDENTS at UN ad-
vance headquarters got the im-
pressi.n the decision was made in
Washington, or at least approved
"The next move is up to the
Communists," Nuckols said.
Meanwhile, Allied infantrymen
smashed a Chinese attack in com-
pany strength early today on the
central Korean front where Unit-
ed Nations tank raiders ran into
A U.S. Eighth Army briefing of-
ficer reported the Reds attacked
shortly after midnight behind
heavy mortar and machinegun
fire. The UN infantrymen, strong-
ly entrenched in the area west of
Chorwon, doggedly held their
Fear Fund Cut
University officials are openly
concerned over the imminent fate
of a $476,000 deficiency appropria-
tion, designed to cover this year's
six per cent cost-of-living pay in-
Administrative eyes have been
looking to Lansing, where the Sen-
ate Republican caucus Thursday
recommended slashing this item
from the omnibus $10,146,559 de-]
ficiency request by state controller
Robert F. Steadman.
Vice-president Marvin L. Nie-1
huss, the University's official
spokesman on budgetary mat-
ters, considers the recommended
slash "serious." However, he
gave no hint of what the Uni-
versity plans to do if the Legis-
lature carries out the caucus'
"The University's course of ac-
tion will have to be decided by the
Regents," he indicated.
Slashing of the University bud-
get-and also MSC's deficiency re-"
quest - is part of an economy-
minded Republican drive to effect
a drastic reduction in the entire"
state deficiency request, aiming to
cut it from over $10,000,000 to
In Lansing, however, veteran po-
litical observers are predicting that
the GOP won't apply the scissors
to any great extent-this being an
election year and the deficiency
appropriation involving wages for'
COUNTERSPY-Mrs. Bereniece "Toby" Baldwin, FBI undercover agent in the Communist Party,
listens to a question before presenting her testimony in the House Un-American Activities sub-
committee hearing in Detroit. Mrs. Baldwin outlined the CP organization in Michigan naming over
100 people as Communists and revealing the existence of cells in 32 Michigan cities. The sole witness
on the committee's last day of the weeklong hearings, Mrs. Baldwin drew her information from nine
years of experience as a trusted member of the party.
See LETTER, Page 2
been committed (corpus delecti),
and noted that evidence offered by
various prosecution witnesses had
been self-contradictory in part
and even run counter to the "false
confession" on significant points,
* s S
IN HIS letter, Stacy says Young
has dropped his case, although "he
still believes that I am innocent."
Last night Young could not be
reached for comment.
Salient discrepancies cited by
Attorney Young and by Stacy
1) Dorothy Strauss, a key prose-
cution witness, said she saw a man
"resembling" Stacy in Haven Hall
at 4:30 p.m. on June 6, 1950 (the
approximate time of the. fire), al-
though she could not definitely
identify the man as Stacy. But
Stacy's confession set the Haven
arson at 3 p.m.
2) The confession tells of set-
ting the fire in a pile of maps in
the northwest corner of Rm. 3G-
and then walking down the south
stairway. But Miss Strauss testi-
mony says the man "resembling"
Stacy left by the north stairway.
And Zelda Clarkson, Stacy's ex-
girl friend, testified that he had
bragged that summer of setting
the blaze in a wastebasket full of
papers. Moreover, Prof. Dwight C.
Long, of the history department,
said there was a pile of maps in
the room, but it was in the north-
Judge Breakey, who has never
had a decision reversed by a
higher court, last night expreses- \
ed sympathy for the young Latin
scholar but reiterated his be-
lief that Stacy "had a fair trial."
Dismissing Stacy's reaffirma-
tion of the charges made in his
appeal as "water over the dam,"
Judge Breakey pointed out that
the trial jury "believed the evi-
dence," indicating that this de-
termined its credibility.
"My own position has been vin-
dicated by the (Michigan) Su-
preme Court," Judge Breakey said.
"I feel very sorry for him but
we have to protect society," he
Stacy is now teaching classes in
the gigantic Jackson prison.
The arsonist's letter got not even
sympathy from retiring Prosecutor
Douglas K. Reading, who directed
the state's case against him.
ib. *I .
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-In a coast-to-
coast address last night, Secretary
of State Dean Acheson said that
decisions reached at the Atlantic
Pact Lisbon meetings have mov-
ed Western Europe with "giant
strides" toward becoming a bas-
tion of world peace, but warned
that "the days of danger are still,
* * *
Reynaud Tries,. ..
PARIS-Wartime Premier Paul
Reynaud, a firm backer of Western
defense plans, agreed tonight to
try to form a government to re-
place that of the retiring Edgar
Faure, acting in response to a sum-
mons by President Vincent Auriol.
GI Pay Boosted .. .
WASHINGTON - The Senate
Armed Services Committee yes-
terday approved a bill to give a.
3 per cent pay boost to everyone
in the armed forces and increas-
ed living allowances to those
with dependents, at an estimated
annual cost of 475 million dol-
Fire at Ford ...'
DETROIT-Fire resulting from
an explosion which apparently,
started in a paint shop spread
through a large section of a $50,-
000,000 tank arsenal being built in
suburban Livonia oy the Fora Mo-
tor Co., causing wide damage.
Michigan Sextet Romps
To 8-2 Win Over MSC
By BOB LANDOWNE
Special to The Daily
EAST LANSING-Doug Mullen
contributed four goals to the Wol-
verine cause as Michigan subdued
a stubborn Michigan State hockey
team last night at the Spartan
The score was 8-2.
* * *
MSC HELD DOWN the Wolver-
ines for two periods, but Mullen
chipped in the tallies in the last
stanza. The red-headed right wing
The Student Legislature is still
issuing petitions for over 50 stu-
dent offices to be elected on April
1 and 2, according to Mike Mc-
Nerney, '53, elections committee
Petitions can be picked up from
1 to 5 p.m. today and from 3 to
5:30 p.m. Monday at the SL Bldg.,
122 S. Forest. The deadline for
picking up petitions is Monday.
They must be returned by next
McNerney reminded students
that aside from the 22 SL seats
at stake, positions on the J-Hop
Committee, senior class offices,
Union vice-presidents, publica-
tions and athletics board posts are
had previously scored in the mid-
THIE WOLVERINES grabbed a
quick 1-0 lead with only two min-
utes gone in the first period. Earl
Keyes and John McKennel teamed
up for the tally that was finally
chalked up by Keyes, on McKen-
The Spartans got even at 9:37
;chile Michigan was a man
short. With Reggie Shave in the
penalty box, Weldon Olsen rap-
ped home Gordon Kings' re-
The Wolverines went out in
front two and one-half minutes
later, and were never headed
THE LINE of Doug Philpott,
Pat Cooney and George Chin com-
bined for two tallies to give Michi-
gan a 3-1 lead as the period ended.
Cooney scored on a twenty-
five footer immediately after
Philpott had faced off to the
right of the MSC nets. John
Thomas of the Spartans was off
the ice at the time for cross
checking. Philpott's goal then
made it 3-1 as the period ended.
The score became 4-1 in the
second period when Mullen scored
the only goal of the stanza on a
Derio Nicoli was sitting out a
penalty to leave the Spartans
shorthanded once more.
MULLEN notched his second
See MULLEN, Page 3
Mrs. Baldwin Reveals Organization
Of State Wide Communist Activities
By LEONARD GREENBAUM
Daily Editorial Director
DETROIT (Special)-The existence of three Communist cells in
Ann Arbor was revealed at the House Un-American Activities Sub-
Committee hearings yesterday by FBI undercover agent, Mrs.
Bereniece "Toby" Baldwin.
The 49 year old grandmother gave the names of the local cells
as "A.A. Town," "Ralph Nefus," and "Hal Dane." She said that a
majority of their members were students.
The revelations came during the climax of the week long hearings
on the Communist Party in Michigan, tentatively set to resume on
* * * *
MRS. BALDWIN also revealed the existence of three cells at
Wayne University and of one "top-secret" cell at Lansing. The mem-
bers of the latter were not known,4;
Mrs. Baldwin said, but added that
she had been told it included atF Ic
least two "college teachers."
Both the Wayne cells and the
Ann Arbor cells were described A
as linked under the Wayne
County Youth Club which
served as a member gathering H e S
Here on campus . a top faculty
member said that the activities of
the "Ralph Nefus" cell had been eci tTh EVINE
known to the University, and that DETROIT-In an atmosphere of
it had not been prevented from patient expectation, the House Un-
using Angell Hall classrooms be- American Activities sub-committee
cause it was considered a non- yesterday heard Mrs. Bereniece
dangerous study group. "Toby" Baldwin testify to the ao-
'U' administrators were con- tivities of over 100 alleged mem-
cerned about the group 'for a ers of the Communist Party.
long time but finally decided it A soft-spoken, middle-aged wom
was harmless, the source said. an, Mrs. Baldwin explained how
"A.A. Town" was also known she began working for the Federaly
though never associated with Bureau of Investigation in April
the University, he added, and 1943. She had been out of a job
there was no knowledge of a when her husband suggested that
third group named "Hal Dane." she apply for a position with the
He also said that he had never government because of her see-
known any faculty members who retarial experience. When she did
belonged to the CP. Other Uni- so, the FBI asked her to become
versity officials stated that at no an agent to investigate Communist
time were any of the three Com- activities in the state of Michigan.
munist clubs recognized as official * A T
student groups. 'AT THE suggestion of an FBI'
* * * - agent, Mrs. Baldwin attended a
AT EAST LANSING, President rally on May 10, 1943 given for
John A. Hannah of MSC, replied Earl Browder, former national
to Mrs. Baldwin's charges, chairman of the Communist Party.
"Michigan State College," he She joined the Party that night,
said, "woud notaknoCingly ha- and remained an active member
bor a Communist on its faculty until February 12 of this year,
and has no reason to question when she took the witnessstand
the loyalty of a single member of in Washington to start her report.
the faculty. Of course, hearsay At the Sub-committee hearing
evidence such as that presented yesterday, Mrs. Baldwin appear-
by Mrs. Baldwin provides no ed haggard and much older than
basis for any attempt to discover her 49 years. Continually mis-
disloyal individuals ... nor does pronouncing names-sometimes
it afford any valid reason for three different ways for a single
anyone to question the integrity name - she managed to get
of our teaching staff." through the list of more than a
ofAoutacng U stf." rshundred, with a little prodding
At Wayne University Mrs. Lor- from the Sub-committee counsel,
raine Meisner, subpoenaed student Frank Tavenner.
who refused to testify Thursday In her testimony, Mrs. Baldwin
and giggled constantly during her mentioned the existence of three
interrogation, was suspended by Communist cells in Ann Arbor,
President David D. Henry. citing their importance because
S* ' * "that is where Michigan State Col-
THOUGH Mrs. Baldwin called lege is." Asked the meaning of.
the Ann Arbor cells very impor- "AA" in the name of one of the
tant, committee member Rep. cells-the "AA Town"-Mrs. Bald-
Charles Potter (R-Mich.) stated win was unable to tell the court,
after the hearings that an investi- but readily named two others:
gation into Communist activities "The Ralph Nefus" and "The Hal
at the University would not be Dane."
made. He said, however, that the Questioning was carried on in a
names of some Communists in very quiet manner by Tavenner,
Ann Arbor would probably be re- Both the investigator and Mrs.
vealed in later testimony to be Baldwin had constant recourse to
given by Mrs. Baldwin when the sheaves of papers which they held
committee reconvenes in Detroit. in front of them.
To date three former Univer- *4 * *
sity students have testified be-
fore the committee, Raphael
Haskell, Lebron Simmons and
Robert Cummins, '37.
On Thursday Cummins, a for-
mer Daily Associate Editor, re-
fused to answer questions concern-
ing his connections with alleged
Red groups both on and off cam-
pus, his candidacy for Congress on
the Communist ticket and his
participation in the Loyalist Abra-
ham Lincoln Brigade during the
Spanish Civil War.
THE SOLE WITNESS -during
'MRS. WARREN'S 'PROFESSION':
Arts Theater Play To Open T oday
Colorful 19th century costume .
and a country home in England
wil set the scene for the Arts
Theater Club play, "Mrs. War-
ren's Profession" opening at 8:30n
p.m. today. }?
One of Shaw's earlier plays,
"Mrs. Warren's Profession" is, ac-
cording to director Bob Lanning,
"an attack against organized pros-
"The play shows the difficulty
of the woman's place in a society p
where there is no other job for
her except that of prostitution,"