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February 27, 1952 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1952-02-27

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St. Lawrence
THE St. Lawrence seaway project, long a
fabled international undertaking, is
destined to become a reality within a few
years. But whether it will go down in history
as a joint U.S.-Canadian project or as a
solely Canadian sponsored one will depend
largely on the results of a hearing before
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
which opened yesterday.
The hearing, scheduled to continue
through March 1, is actually little more
than a foot in the door for the seaway-
power propect. As opposition-leader Sen.
Tom Connally (Democrat-Texas) has
pointed out, the committee's decision to
hold a hearing in no way compels it to
act. However, the 8 to 4 decision in. favor
of the hearing is the result of months of
steadily increasing pressure from both
behind-the-scenes Administration work-
ers and Canadian officials who announced
last October they would continue the pro-
ject alone if Congressional action re-
mained deadlocked. The pressure itself
Is indicative that proponents of the pro-
ject don't intend to rest until the matter
sees some form of action.
Initially, the St. Lawrence project was
not a product of this generation. It has
existed as a concrete proposal for over fifty
years. Plans for its construction, including
a careful weighing of costs against returns,
have been incorporated in bills before Con-
gress for the past twenty-five years. But
sectional interests, attacking the project as
a "socialized ditch", have always been
powerful enough to halt its passage.
The project is easy to defend economi-
cally. As a link between the Great Lakes
and the Atlantic Ocean it would allow all
ocean ships except those of carrier and
battleship size to penetrate the Great Lakes
region. The annual output of energy from
the proposed hydroelectric plant would in-
crease New England's power resources by
ten per cent. Budget-wise, the federal gov-
ernment's balance of the total cost, after
Canada and ,New York State paid their
shares, would amount to $374,000,000. About
eight years of toll receipts alone would
erase this sum.
Recently, a security argument for the
seaway has come into focus. Research has
shown that scarce materials like aluminum.
and steel could be produced more cheaply
with the aid of the waterway-a factor
which should help appease the curtailed
automobile industry and facilitate a more
economized defense effort.
The deciding argument for the seaway
is, of course, that U.S. ships would pay for
the project in tolls if Canada builds it
alone. There is no answer to this other
than construction 'of the seaway as a
joint propect.
Lined up against the economic and
security arguments ar the sectionalist
interests of the opposition: the railroads,
who feel they may lose business to the
seaway; the power companies, who fear
public competition; the coal industry and
the Atlantic port cities. None of them
have a convincing case when their views
are weighed against the larger, national
It is informative to note that in the Sen-
ate committee's recent decision to hold a
hearing four of the eight proponents were
Republican, and four were Democrat. And
the opposition divided itself along equally
bi-partisan lines. The sectionalists interests
carry even less weight when it becomes
apparents that they alone are blocking pas-
sage of an obviously advantageous bill.
-Virginia Voss
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff

and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
SL's Old Tug
Tug Week, steeped in tradition, high-
lighted by Soph Satire, anid climaxed by a
monumental Tug-O-War between struggling
sophs and frosh, will again capitalize valu-
able debate time at tonight's meeting.
Soph Satire is a pretty fine student ac-
tivity. In fact, it's the only extra-curricular
show on campus that both men and women
can work on together. It's popular with
both audiences and cast.
Tug-O-War, on the other hand, is annu-
ally recognized as so much silliness, an at-
tempt to revitalize school spirit with a piece
of rope.
The meagre turnout and lack of interest
in the affair has branded it as ridiculous ev-
er since it was revived for the younger post-
war set.
As for Soph Satire, a snag has developed.
Many student legiators feel that the revue
is not the function of SL. Though they ap-
prove of the event, they would rather a joint
group of perhaps the Union and the Lea-
gue get together and sponsor it.
SLers must feel that they take too much
of a risk on a project that they control

The End of an Era

* . Jetteri to le 6diqor

TH" FEEBLE TURNOUT of repreuenta-
tives at Monday's meeting of the Asso-
ciation of Independent Men presents a fair
indication of the waning interest in the
group and clearly points up the organiza-
tion's uselessness.
Monday marked AIM's second unsuc-
cessful attempt in two weeks to attract
enough representatives at .a meeting to
elect a new president. And though all the
men's residence halls were contacted in an
effort to obtain the necessary quorum of
14 representatives, only 13 men, represent-
ing 10 houses were present. And when the
13 informally decided to set up committees
in an effort to save' the dying organiza-
tion, only seven even bothered to sign up
for committee duty.
One of the committees, the one to define
AIM's purpose is especially significan't. Mon-
day night, it seemed the only way the group
would ever find a purpose would be through
the careful study of a committee. For no one
at the meeting could think of a valid pur-
pose after an hour and a half of discussion.
And those at the meeting represented the
core of the AIM organization which was sup-
posedly in full operation, last semester.
Another factor discussed Monday was the
lack of interest of the "outside" independents
in AIM, despite the AIM's constant drives to
recruit them. Some AIM members have prob-
ably finally realized that even an indepen-
dent can't be fooled into joining an organ-
ization whose main purpose is obtaining
Perhaps AIM aided the independents on
campus at one time, but with the growth in
recent years of strong house and quadrangle
governments, the need for the association
has disappeared.
In AIM's place a small committee should
be set up to coordinate the functions of
the existing quad governments. Such a
committee could serve as a mediator for
intra-quad disputes, as the recent radio
squabble, and promote greater unity be-
tween the housing units.
In any event, it's time for the Association
of Independent Men to give up.
-Sidney Klaus

ADMITTEDLY, Americans have always
had a voracious appetite for organiza-
tions and titles. Since the Revolution, all
kinds of "functional" bodies have been or-
ganized representing ideals, representing
themselves, representing someone else, or
just plain representing a desire for a shot of
bourbon and a drinking buddy.
From the high-minded DAR's to the
cigar-smoking Lions to the altruistic elee-
mosynary institutions, American society
has been sprinkled with deliberative, poli-
tical, idealistic, and back-slapping groups.
Many of these organizations confess to a
sublime purpose of one sort or another,
whether it is the espousal of our American
Heritage or the debunking of free love or the
demand for social security for prostitutes.
Others have no purpose whatsoever, and the
members are the first to admit it. The lat-
ter are also compelled to concede that their
organization exists merely for the sake of
organization, titles bestowed merely for the
sake of titles as such.
Thus, the peculiar situation often arises
when an organization or society becomes a
reality, -meetings called, constitutions, pro-
mulgated, ritual performed, and titles be-
stowed. The officers-president, vice-presi-
dent, secretary, treasurer, and 50 honorary
vice-presidents-are elected, warmly ac-
claimed, and their hands pumped before it
dawns on them that the pride of their or-
ganization cannot be translated into pur-
poseful action-simply because it has no
Unfortunately, such organizations con-
tinue to defy the reality of purposelessness
and continue to exist by enshrouding the
group in a blanket of ideals, when in all
justification they should disband.
Or they might appoint a committee to in-
quire into the purpose of the organization.
But usually, the final outcome is quite, to
say the least, AIMless.
-Cal Samra

U.S. Genocide'.. .

To the Editor:

RECENTLY an event took place
in Miami, Florida which shock-
ed the entire nation. The ugly
face of racist terror showed itself
in brutal clarity when Harry T.
Moore (and his wife) an official,
of the N.A.A.C.P. investigating the
recent bombings of Negro homes in
Florida was murdered. Such prac-
tices are not the exception; they
are not being gradually eliminated.
As a matter of fact, Jim Crow is
practiced in all parts of our coun-
try. In the South the discrimina-
tion and brutality is greater as a
result of the gain of billions of
dollars that a few Southern Plan-
tation owners receive as a result
of the inhuman exploitation of
Negro and poor white labor. As
Mordecai Johnson, President of
Howard University, pointed out
when he spoke here recently, ex-
ploitation of Negroes is the main
structural weakness of the U.S.
government policy. It permeates
our country from the individual
level clear up to the highest gov-
ernmental levels.
I would advise anyone not suffi- 1
ciently familiar with the. facts to
look into a rather remarkable doc-$
ument We Charge Genocide pre-
sented as a petition to the United
Nations by a group of outstanding
Negro' and white Americans many
of whom have felt oppression dir-
ectly. This petition is so well doc-
umented that its validity cannot
be challenged.
If the conclusions and facts of
this petition are correct, then one
can only conclude that right in
our country some of the most de-
basing acts of bigotry are taking
place. In the interest of the self
respect and freedom of every
American it is essential that vig-
orous protestsbe made against the
unfolding pattern of'terror against
the Negro people. If we remain
silent, it is not exaggeration to say
that we will be judged by history
in a similar manner as Hitler was
regarded for his treatment of the
Jews. This may sound startling,
yet I am sure that if the majority
of fair minded Americans would
read We Charge Genocide they al-
so would be indignant.
-Robert Schor
** ..
The Falling Out . . .

"Now, Remember You'll Just Run Interference"
r -T

er and North University, by the
School of Dentistry, and although
a nice student couple immediately
jumped to the aid of the stricken
one, this in no way excuses' the
University. Fortunately, he wasn't
hurt, but he, and many others
like him, might be badly injured,
and when that happens, it will be
too late.

Iranian Oil Review

ALTHOUGH being almost completely for-
gotten through the appearance of newer
international hot spots, the Iranian oil situ-
ation still presents a problem to the world.
At the present time the oil nationaliza.-
tion law passed last spring in Iran is still
in effect. All British personnel in the
Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. have been replaced
by Iranians. Present negotiations between
Mossadegh's government and England are
bitter and shaky. Great Britain withdrew
their original ambassador to Iran and the
Iranian government has refused to recog-
nize their new one.
At the UN the situation is no better off.
The British insist on the recognition of the
advisory opinion of the world court; the
setting up of a neutral commission to super-
vise the AIOC pending settlement of the
issues in conflict. Britain's hope was to
keep the company's revenues flowing. Iran
not only rejected the proposal but with-
drew their delegates from the court.
Even the United States has been unsuccess-
ful in their attempt to act as mediator. The
U.S. has however, sent a loan to the Teheran
government. This may help in the Iranian
government turning a gracious eye towards
the U.S.
Things are not so rosy for Mossadegh's
administration either. The economic sta
tus of the Iranian owned AIOC is shaky
and threatening to collapse. There are
signs that Mossadegh has overplayed his
hand. Critics. in the Iranian parliament
Speaker's Ban
IN THESE DAYS of witch-hunts and poli-
tical assassination the stronghold of free
thought should be the university. Here, how-
ever, the administration does not agree, and
we have a Lecture Committee composed of
five faculty members.
Student groups on campus are working
towards the modification or removal of
this committee. Two major plans have
been set forth, one by the Student Legis-
lature and one by the Civil Liberties Com-
mittee. Unfortunately, these two groups
have not agreed on a common solution.
SL is attempting to gain student repre-
sentation on the Lecture Committee. This,
will be difficult and even if they are able to
do so, the makeup of the group will not
change radically. The student representa-
tives will not have a voting majority and the
controlling power will still be in the hands
of the faculty.
This is not even a solution, for it does not
get down to a basic idea, that students should
have the right to hear whoever they think
has something to say.
The plan being advanced by the Civil
Liberties Committee asks for the complete
removal of the speakers ban. They want the
Lecture Committee replaced by a system of
assigning meeting places similar to that used
now for campus organizations. Through the
use of a referendum on the next SL ballot
the CLC is attempting to find out the opin-
ion of the student body on this plan.

claim he has failed in his ways thus he
may be forced towards a moderate stand.
The principal issue now is to what sort
of agreement the Iranians and British can
come, if any. Great Britain argues that
it offered to revise liberal loyalty offers as
early as 1949 but the Iranian parliament
never accepted them. Secondly they argue
that Colonel Razmara mismanaged oil nego-
tiations with England. Also that when Raz-
mara did agree to British offers the Iranian
government accused him of being pro-
British and did not listen to him. The third
argument is that Mossadegh's government
did not present the true picture of the
British handling of AIOC to the Iranian
people therefore having an easy time accus-
ing the British of creating poor working
conditions and slums for the Iranians.
Against these arguments are the issues
that the British may have proposed liberal
concessions but the terms of the contract
were too hard to understand. In retrospect it
can be said that the English did not move
fast enough when the situation presented
itself. This can be accredited to their dila-
tory tactics and extreme conservatism.
The facts as they are present a lesson
to the Western powers. These powers
must realize that the trend of the Near
Eastern countries is towards nationalism.
The reason for the outbursts is not due
to the influence of communism, but if
not dealt with properly can lead to dan-
gerous commercial pacts between Russia
and her satellites and the Near Eastern
The United States and England especi-
ally will have to learn that imperialism and
dominating influences in Near Eastern na-
tions are a thing of the past. The Arab
world wants a position of equality among
the nations of the world. When the Western
powers learn this perhaps the conflicts
between them and the Near East can be
-Bob Apple
A BIG BOUQUET of red, white and blue
orchids to Congressman Harold Velde,
Republican representative from Illinois.
The Honorable Mr. Velde has come up
with the brilliant idea of checking through
the 9,000,000 books of the Congressional
Library for subversive material. He then
proposes that a list of these books be sent
to libraries all over the country so the
unintelligent masses will know what books
should not be read because of their Un-
American nature.
Unfortunately Velde's bill does not go
quite far enough. I would add the follow-
ing measures to ensure the American Way
of Life against dangerous foreign elements:
1. Upon receiving the list of banned books,
local libraries will conduct huge book burn-
ing demonstrations.
2. The libraries will check into their rec-
ords for the names of people who have read
the subversive literature, so that the gov-

To the Editor:

THE ALSOP brothers in the
course of their vendetta with
the McCarran subcommittee on
internal security, have turned on
a pal. In their syndicated col-
umn of Feb. 7, they refer to Prof.




(Continued from Page 2)
Deutsche Kaffeestunde-German Cof-
fee Hour. 3 to 4:30 p.m. tomorrow,
Round Up Room, League.
Hiawatha Club. Meeting, Thurs., Feb.
28, 8 p.m., League.sPlans for new se-
mester will be discussed.
Literary College Conference Steering
Committee. Thurs., Feb. 28, 4 p.m.
1011 Angell Hall.
U. of M. Sailing Club. Meeting, 7:30
p.m., Thurs., Feb. 28, 311 West Engi-
neering. Discussion of results of M. C.
S. A. meeting. Plans to be made for
next week's open meeting.
Phi Beta Kappa: Annual meeting,
Wed., April 2, 4:15 p.m., Room 1035,
Angell Hall. The Executive Board pro-
poses amendments to the By-Laws to
be voted on at this meeting concerning
election of graduate students and
change of initiation fees. Section 3 - II
concerning Members in Course should
be amended as follows: Delete last
phrase of first paragraph "and from
the students registered in the Gradu-
ate School as"candidates for an ad-
vanced degree". Delete paragraph 3
"It is further provided that graduates
must be chosen from those who as un-
dergraduates have not been eligible for
election to membership in this or any
other Chapter." Section 4 "An initia-
tion fee of seven dollars shall be paid
by all Members in Course elected by
this Chapter" shall be amended to read
"ee of ten dollars."
The By-Laws may be amended by a
three-fourths vote of the active mem-
bers present at any Annual Meeting
provided one month's notice has been
given to all the active members.
Modern Poetry Club. Meeting, Thurs.,
Feb. 28, 8 p.m., 3209 Angell Hall. Poems
to be discussed are E. E. Cummings'
"All in Green Went My Love Riding";
"Somewhere I've Never Traveled"; and
"Any One Lived in A Pretty How
Town." All poems are found in Oscar
Williams edition.
Assembly Newspaper-Meeting, 4 p.m.,
Thurs., Feb. 28, League. All copy must
Ibe in.

Owen Lattimore, as "this silly,j
fellow wandering Johns Hopkins'
Definitions of the term "fellow
wandering" are not available.
The phrase sounds a little bit like
"fellow traveling" which is gen-
erally applied to those who go the
same way as the Communist but
are careful not to have any of-
ficial party connections.
The meaning of the word "silly"
is generally understood. The ques-
tion here is whether someone who
wanders, according to the Alsops,
in fellowship with the Kremlin
can be considered silly in the
same sense of being harmlessly
simple. Most of the people who'
go that way have something fair-
ly definite in mind. There is art-
fulness in their meandering.
What seems to be noteworthy
about the Alsop appraisal of Lat-
timore is that it represents a
falling out among the self-con-
sciously "liberal" element which
has, until now, preserved the
semblance of a untied front in re-
sisting congressional inquiries in-
to the influence exerted by Com-
munists and allied factions upon
American policy in the Far East.
There is no question that Prof.
Lattimore gained many an influ-
ential ear. President Poosevelt as-
signed him as a political advisor
to Chiang Kai-shek, even befoe
the American entry into World
War II. During the war, Latti-
more functioned as chief of the
propaganda directed to the Orient
by the Office of War Informa-
tion. When Roosevelt sent Henry
Wallace off to China on a per-
sonal mission in 1944, Lattimore
was sent along as conductor of
the trip. After the war when
China was falling to the Com-
munists, Lattimore was one of
the 26 "experts" consulted by the
State Department about how to
preserve China as a non-Com-
munist ally.
It must be relatively shocking
to the self-conscious "liberals" to
find the Alsop Brothers dismiss-
ing pal Lattimore, as a "silly"
-Gordon Comfort
YR Reaction.. .
To the Editor:
IN HIS editorial, "YD Action,"
Herb Cohen, '53, makes some
statements about the Young Re-
publicans and their comparison
with the Young Democrats.
YR publicity, says Cohen, "only
spelled dissent and internal bick-
ering." He cites our speakers dis-
pute about Sen. Joseph McCarthy
(R-Wis.), Sen. Robert Taft (R-O.)
and Gov. Earl Warren (R-Calif.)
and the resignation of President
David Cargo, Grad. Cohen does
not mention that YR's biggest
publicity came from bringing Sen.:
Henry Lodge (R-Mass.) and Sen.
Taft to speak on campus, an un-
questioned service to the party
and the University.
YR has split, Cohen continues,
"into . . . groups supporting dif-
ferent men for the . . . nomina-
tion," while YD would never do
such a thing -because its constitu-
tion won't let it "support any can-
didate before he has been nomi-
nated." The Young Republican
club is part of the Republican
party. It does not support candi-
dates before they are nominated
by the party. It is in no way con-

nected with the Eisenhower-and
Taft-for-President clubs.
"When it challenged the YRs
to a debate .. . the Young Demo-
crats . . . proved that they were
willing to defend the principles
of the Democratic party," Cohen
goes on. If he had substituted
"Republican" for "Democrat" and
"accepted" for "challenged" and
cleaned up his grammar Cohen
could have said the same thing
about the Young Republicans.
As YD's most recent achieve-
ments Cohen lists: another de-
bate challenge to YR (which we
have not received), support of the
Civil Liberties Committee speaker
ban referendum (similar support
will be proposed at YR next week),
a membership drive (we too!),;
speaker invitations to politicos
(we're way ahead of you) and a
mock convention with YR (of
which we've been told nothing).
Like the Young Democrats, the
Youn- Republicans have one goal:
to get students to vote for our
party. If both clubs do a bang
up job they will reach a second
goal which everyone can applaud:

to get

students interested in poli-
-Floyd Thomas, '52
President, YR
** * ,

In most communities where the
citizens are inconsiderate or cal-
lous enough to endanger the safe-
ty of their fellow-citizens in this
way, city ordinances provide that
fines be levied against any who
haven't cleared their walks with-
in a reasonable, fixed time after
the snow has fallen or the ice
formed. Ann Arbor should either
provide and enforce such legis-
lation or assume the burden of
keeping walks clean to protect the
--Siegfried Feller
To the Editor:
IN HIS letter to The Daily on
Friday, February 25, Gene Moss-
ner said the Student Legislature
broke a pledge to the student body
when it failed to pass a time limit
motion designed to end fraternity
discrimination. From this state-
ment Mr. Mossner must believe
that the majority of the students
favor the time limit motion which
the majority of the Legislature did
not. However, since it is the stu-
dent body that elects the members
to the SL, the Legislature must be
representative of student feeling
and opinion. I make this state-
ment on the assumption that stu-
dents vote for candidates who
agreed with them in belief and
that those students who don't
bother to vote don't care whether
their problems (such as discrim-
ination) are solved.
Mr. Mossner also stated that the
vote in the next election will prob-
ably drop as evidence of the stu-
dents' displeasure over the SL ac-
tion. If our student body is so
immature as to take the attitude
"I don't like the way you play, so
I'll pick up my jacks and go home,"
then they aren't intelligent enough
to figure out the correct answer to
any problem. I like to think that
a group which is displeased will do
something to rectify its dissatis-
faction and not quit. Everyone has
the opportunity to go to a voting
booth this spring and support can-
didates who represent their feel-
ings. The SL is now representa-
tive of the students who voted in
the last two elections; if it is not
representing the beliefs of all the
students, then I suggest that the
whole* campus take the time to
vote in the next all-campus elec-
tion so that SL policies will regis-
ter the feelings of the student body
as a whole.
-Mike McNerney

Anti (n-American ...
To the Editor:
DUE TO THE arrival of the Un-
American Activities Committee
in the vicinity of Ann Arbor, and
the possibility that the Committee
may come to the University of
Michigan (it has already come to
Wayne University), the Michigan
Council of the Arts, Sciences, and
Professions, has prepared a pam-
phlet which reviews both the his-
tory of the Un-American Activities
Committee, and what this Com-
mittee has accomplished. This
pamphlet is a scholarly done re-
view, amply footnoted and docu-
ThedCivil Liberties Committee,
because it believes that the Un-
American Activities Committee is
the concern of everybody no mat-
ter what his specific political con-
victions, has undertaken the job
of distributing this pamphlet on
campus in the very near future.
We hope that you will receive it,
and give the pamphlet your utmost
attention. It deserves it.
-Leonard Sandweiss, Secretary,
Civil Liberties Committee
Ice Capades-...
To the Editor:
T IS HIGH time for some re-
sponsible parties to DO some-
thing about the condition of the
sidewalks in the city of Ann Ar-
bor, and the University is as
guilty of gross neglect in this re-
spect as private property owners.
A case in point is North Univer-
sity: enough ice has been cleared
from the walks in front of Hill
Auditorium, the L e a g u e, the
School of Dentistry, and so on,
up and down the hills, to lull the
pedestrian into a false sense of
security. Then, may he step ever
so gingerly, he will come onto one
of the dangerous spots and be
catapulted into the air to land
with a severe and totally unneces-
sary thump.
On Saturday night a charming,
bearded gentleman suffered such
a mishap at the corners of Fletch-


Sixty-Second Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board of Control o
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
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Bob Keith.................City Editor
Leonard Greenbaum, Editorial Director
Vern Emerson..........Feature Editor
Ron Watts .............Associate Editor
Bob Vaughn ...........Associate Editor
Ted Papes...............Sports Editor
George Flint ... .Associate Sports Editor
Jim Parker .....Associate Sports Editor
Jan James..............Women's Editor
Jo Keteihut, Associate Women's Editor
o M Business Staff
Bob Mier ...........Business Manager
Gene Kuthy, Assoc. Business Manager
Charles Cuson ....Advertising Manager
Sally Fish...........Finance Manager
Milt Goetz........ Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
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of all news dispatches credited to it or
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matters herein are also reserved.
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Subscription during regular school
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'r. I

2 "l $2 t. 9w4 bTN I, 3.Ii.. 1..


Barnaby, why
are Vyou oflu

Let me close that window.. .
You're older now, son, and--

j3cvorl5 1

"! /i\



I - - I



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