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January 09, 1952 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1952-01-09

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PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1952

DREW PEARSON:
The Presidential Race

MATTER OF FACT
By STEWART ALSOP

WASHINGTON -An embittered corres-
pondent, dragged from his Sunday
slumbers for the great "Eisenhower runs"
press conference, noted faces rarely seen in
public hereabouts at 12 noon on Sunday,
save possibly on the links at Burning Tree,
and asserted :
"The Republicans think they've already
won. They've repealed the five-day week."
This matter of the unusual time was on
the whole the only sour note, however. The
conference did indeed produce big news, ex-
citing even though so long anticipated. Sen.
Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., the latest Warwick,
handled his difficult assignment with skill
and humor.
His confidence that his horse is out of the
stable at last seemed real. Certainly it would
be difficult to imagine that a politician of
Senator Lodge's experience would take too
much for granted where so much is at stake.
For Republicans the great question now
is: can Senator Taft's long lead be over-
come? -
For Democrats, it is: who have we got
that can beat General Eisenhower?
Democrats now must give up their wistful
dream that somehow, some way they would
get the General for their candidate, that
President Truman would gracefully pass on
to him the crown. Their thinking must be
oriented to ways and means-and a candi-
date-to beat the hero they frankly think
has great popular appeal.
Perhaps they are wrong but they have
never been scared of a Taft ticket. They
expect defections from their own ranks in
support of General Eisenhower and not
all of them from the South, either.
Senator Taft is not now exclusively the
business candidate. Really big business con-

tains many Eisenhower supporters, includ-
ing the House of Morgan. These elements
supported Wendell Willkie and finally, after
a long hesitation, were induced to take Gov-
ernor Dewey. They will give Ike the sinews
of political war-money, influential connec-
tions, talent for organization.
On the second echelons of business, Sena-
tor Taft is certainly more popular and he,
too, will not lack for money. But he will not
have the lead over General Eisenhower in
that department that he has now over Gov.
Earl Warren and Harold Stassen.
The Republican organization hero is
still the Senator from Ohio. The aim of
the Eisenhower managers must be to con-
vince them they dare not risk losing the
presidency which now seems within their
grasp. Also, the Republican party or-
ganization is responsive to business pres-
sure, just as the Democratic organization
is responsive to the pulls and tugs of its
labor supporters.
Senator Lodge and his associates had to
act decisively, even if it is true that they are
incurring some risk of repudiation. The
country was beginning to think that a Taft
candidacy was inevitable; Republicans at
least were beginning to feel that they must
inevitably win the presidency from an ad-
ministration so sorely beset by scandals, high,
taxes and deficits.
The biggest single asset of the Eisenhower
forces is that they have a fresh face, not as-
sociated with the Washington headaches,
to offer. It is generally believed to be not
quite the asset it would have been in 1948
when the postwar disillusionments were not
so great. But the personality of General Eis-
enhower is still rated highly on anybody's
political balance sheet.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Korean Truce Talks

By J. M. ROBERTS JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
THE SUDDEN CHANGE of atmosphere in
the Korean truce negotiations probably'
represents more of a temporary tactical
move by the Communists than a real threat
of breakdown.
Last summer the Soviets attempted to
use a halt in the truce talks as part of
their unsuccessful effort to thwart Ameri-
can plans for a Japanese peace treaty.
Now they are using it as part of their
maneuvers in the United Nations to promote
their own "peace offensive" and block the
one begun by the Allies in the General As-
sembly.
Communist negotiators in Korea, 'who
were really negotiating a relatively few days
ago, have suddenly become disdainful and
derisive of Allied efforts to reach an agree-
ment. They are also described as giving the
appearance of waiting on word from head-
quarters before they take any new steps.
They may, as some Allied spokesmen
claim to fear, be going through the whole
motion of negotiation as a blind for a new
military buildup and a renewal of their
drive to take all Korea. But the facts of

the situation, with the Allies just as cap-
able of buildup and presumably overlook-
ing no bets, seem to call for both sides to
abandon the Korean war as a bad job all
round.
The increasing tempo of Communist mili-
tary activity directed against Indo-China
and all southeast Asia also points to a switch
from the Korean effort.
The thing which seems to me to be fun-
damental in the Communist appraisal of the
situation is their knowledge that renewed
warfare in Korea will produce a greatly in-
tensified danger of general war.
The half-war In Korea, however, is just
what the Kremlin likes. Without too great
expenditure on her part, chaos Is extended
to another point, Allied resources are
drained at another point, and Tass cor-
respondents In Washington have another
reason for asking "how long can the U.S.
economy stand the strain?"
For propaganda purposes, then, Russia
can stand in the international peace forum
in Paris and pretend to be seeking a way to
peace, while her puppets in Panmunjom
yield the stage to Vishinsky and hopde for
more UN concessions.

IS PROPAGANDA WORTH IT
WASHINGTON-The American propa-
ganda effort, for which very large sums
are being spent, is a rather complete flop.
This may not be true within the Soviet or-
bit. But it is certainly true in the areas of
Europe and the Middle East which this re-
porter has recently visited.
Two experiences in France suggest the
nature of the failure. In three weeks with
the French army, this reporter was asked
by at least a dozen French soldiers why
the Americans did not put on a real pro-
paganda drive, like the Russians. As far
as these men were concerned, there was no
such thing as American propaganda-at
least American propaganda had never
reached them.
Subsequently, talking with a number of
workers in a small French factory-only one
of them was a Communist-this reporter
heard two simple points made over and over
again. First, the Russians wanted nothing
but peace. Second, the United States, ruled1
by profit-hungry capitalists, was impelling
the world toward war.
* * *
THIS SORT OF thing can hardly be con-
sidered a rewarding return on a huge
propaganda investment. Even in well-in-
formed England, the impressioon is wide-
spread that the United States is now in the
hands of Senator Joseph McCarthy, and
that anyone who publicly disagrees with
McCarthy is instantly suppressed. As for the
Middle East, about all that can be said is
that the United States is a little less hated
than Israel in the Arab states, and a little
less hated than Britain in Egypt and Iran-
hardly a major propaganda victory.
All this is not for want of trying. The
Voice of America undoubtedly includes
able men. Presumably large numbers of
people hear the Voice of America broad-
casts in Europe and the Middle East-
although in three months of travel this
reporter never met one of these people.
The United States Information Service
also employs many extremely able and
energetic officials, who are doing the best
job they can within the limits of their
directives, distributing news, pamphlets,
and motion pictures, and running the Am-
erican libraries abroad.
Yet the proof of the pudding is in the eat-
ing, and it seems fair to say that all this
tremendous effort has had only peripheral
effect in some areas, and none at all in
others. The real question is whether the
United States is equipped to accomplish
much by means of an official propaganda
effort.
In the first place, the propagandists, who
seem almost to have swallowed the regular
American embassy staffs in some countries,
are naturally concerned to "sell" the United
States in these countries. This reinforces the
tendency, particularly visible in the Middle
East, to transform American foreign policy
into a sort of popularity contest. American
foreign policy should be concerned, not with
the popularity of the United States, but with
the interests of the United States, which is
something quite different.'
In the second place, by the very nature
of the situation, the United States is at
a tremendous disadvantage vis-a-vis the
Soviet Union, in the propaganda field. We
have no equivalent of the disciplined Com-
munist parties which the Kremlin's pro-
pagandists have at their beck and call
in every country. Nor can a democracy
employ the Soviet technique of the big
lie, endlessly repeated until it begins to
sound like the truth.
Furthermore, it is sometimes difficult for
American propagandists even to tell the
truth. The way to reach the French worker
is to tell him that he is being exploited by
an irresponsible, tax-dodging owner class..
which is true; and advise him to emulate
the American worker in organizing to de-
mand and get his fair slice of the national
economic pie. But one can imagine the re-
action to this sort of propaganda line of

certain Congressmen who hold the purse
strings.
* * *
THE MARGIN OF effectiveness of our,of-
ficial propaganda could be increased if
the effort were divorced from the State De-
partment, for the State Department con-
nection contributes to the stuffiness and
banality of American propaganda. But in
fact the effectiveness of even the most
streamlined and tough-minded official Am-
erican propoganda organization can never
be more than marginal. The official label
almost automatically undermines an offi-
cial propaganda effort.
This is why the main effort should clear-
ly be non-official and covert. It is almost
universally agreed in Europe, for example,
that whereas the official-and expensive
-Voice of America is largely a waste of
time, the unofficial Radio Free Europe has
had a real impact. A determined, profes-
sional effort in the unofficial and covert
field could undoubtedly pay real dividends.
But even this sort of thing is not going to
win the cold war for us. Above all, we ought
to forget the notion that vast "campaigns of
truth" are going to save us at cut rates. We
shall be saved, if at all, by wise leadership
combined with real national power. Leader-
ship and national power, rather than words,

"Help!"
t
-r
., r
- J4
- 4e ~

ON THE
Sp
Washington Merry-Go-Round
with DREW PEARSON

II

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

_n
WASHINGTON-The manner in which some senators have pulled
wires to secure tax fixes has come up recently in connection with
Sen. Styles Bridges of New Hampshire, who is slated to be the new Re-
publican leader of the Senate, replacing the late Senator Wherry.
Certain GOP senators who do not wish to be named, but who
believe nothing should mar Republican ability to pin the cor-
ruption label on the Truman administration, have dug into the
testimony of Charles Oliphant, hastily resigned counsel of the
Internal Revenue Bureau. Oliphant testified Senator Bridges had
aproached him to fix a big tax case in Baltimore involving liquor-
dealer Hyman Klein,
Bridges' intervention with Oliphant on behalf of Klein, according
to Committee Counsel De Wind, took place "sometime in 1949." GOP
senators have now dug up the interesting fact that Senator Bridges
made a speech on the Senate floor on Sept. 29, 1949, urging a pay in-
crease for "good old Charlie Oliphant."
Bridges was then trying to get "good old Charlie" to take the
heat off Hyman Klein in a tax case totaling around $7,000,000. So,
apparently to curry favor with "good old Charlie," he proposed
raising his salary from $10,000 to $14,000. Thus the public would
both pay more and collect less taxes.
.NOTE-Oliphant testified that Senator Bridges had approached
him through mystery-man Henry Grunewald, a great friend of both
Bridges and Oliphant.
-ATOMIC ARTILLERY-
THOUGH PRESIDENT TRUMAN has been opposed to exchanging
Atomic information with England, one so-called Atomic secret,
which the Churchill party has been told, is that our much-ballyhooed
Atomic artillery is not going to work miracles on the battlefield.
This is not exactly a secret, for the American public will be
told the news later-namely, that Atomic artillery, while by no
means a dud, has been a military disappointment. In other words,
while a lot more powerful and deadly than conventional artillery,
the new Atomic shells will not wipe out armies'overnight.
Most significant resialt of the recent Nevada blasts was that ani-
mals staked behind near-by shelters easily survived Atomic artillery
and baby A-bombs dropped from fighter planes. This convinced U.S.
observers that troops in trenches or behind clumps likewise could
withstand an Atomic raid. Thus, in rugged terrain, Atomic artillery
would be no more effective against troops than heavy artillery.
This means that the Atomic bomb could not stop the Chinese
Comunists in Korea. By holing up in caves or lying low behind
rocks and ridges, they could take terrific Atomic punishment.
Shell for shell, however, Atomic artillery would pack 100 times the
wallop of TNT, would sweep clean any military targets sticking above
ground.
The new A-bombs also would be most effective in retarding a Rus-
sian invasion of Western Europe by bombing troop concentrations and
transportation centers along the invasion route. Buth B-29s and fight-
er-bombers are already being diverted from the Air Force's tactical
and strategic commands for a special Atomic air arm called retarda-
tion command.
Atomic raiding along the invasion route would be most ef-
fective against air bases. One Atomic bomb could wipe out an
air base, flatten parked planes, and level operations buildings.
NOTE-Our most powerful Atomic bombs will probably be used
to blast factories and military bases. It has been computed that one
such bomb packs more explosive power than all the ordinary bombs
so far dropped in a year and a half of Korean fighting.
* ** *
-WASHINGTON PIPELINE-
STANTON GRIFFIS is retiring as Ambassador to Spain chiefly be-
cause of ulcers. Also he has written a book which Cass Canfield
of Harper's is crazy about. It's the Griffis memoirs, beginning with the
days when he sold snake oil at county fairs, but not including his
feminine admirers at the U.S. embassy in Madrid . . . . Fanny Per-
kins, former Secretary of Labor, now on the Civil Service Commission,
is given the credit-or blame-for getting ex-Sen. Hiram Bingham of
Connecticut appointed chairman of the loyalty board. Bingham is the
only man in recent Senat history castigated by an official Senate
resolution-for letting a Connecticut Manufacturers Association lob-
byist sit in on secret tariff hearings.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

L

.

(Continued from Page 2)
mins "World's Fastest Diesel" and "The
Story of Perfect Circle Piston Rings."
Intercollegiate Zionist Federation of
America (IZFA): Study Group will meet
at Lane Hall, 7:30. The Zionist Pro-
gram in America will be discussed.
Polonia Club. Meeting, 7:30 p.m., In-
ternational Center. A lecture on Po-
lish Contributions to American Culture
will. be given by L. H. Kawecki. It is
possible that there will be election of
new officers for next semester.
Wesleyan Guild: Do-Drop-In for tea
and talk, 4 to 5:30 p.m. at the Guild.
School of Christian Living, at 6:15 p.m.
This is the first of four sessions. Cabi-
net meeting, at 8:30 p.m. in the Green
Ropm. All Guilders are invited.
Michigan Dames' Music Group. Meet
at 8 p.m., at the home of Biddy Le-
Blond. 619 S. Division, phone 7288.
Everyone is requested to bring records
which will be played and discussed.
SLMeeting. 7:30 p.m., Stockwell Hall.
Women members of the SL will not
need late permission. All interested
students are invited.
Delta Sigma P1, professional business
fraternity. Business meeting at the
chapter house, 1412 Cambridge.
Coming Evenits
International Center Weekly Tea for
foreign students and American friends,
4:30-6 p.m., Thurs., Jan. 10.
U. of M. Sailing Club. Meeting, 7:30
p.m., Thurs., Jan. 10,'311 West Engi-
neering. Plans for iceboating to be
discussed. Shore school for new mem-
bers.
Pi Lambda Theta, women's honorary
education society. Open meeting,
Thurs., Jan. 10, 8 p.m., League. The
program entitled, "Would you Like to
Teach Abroad?", consists of the follow-
ing discussions:
In the American Schools of Japan,
Miss Helen E. Stevens, Mack School,
Ann Arbor; In the American Schools in
Germany, Mr. Robert J. Stevenson, Wil-
low Run Schools; As an Exchange Tea-
cher in England, Miss Irene Smith,
sauson Junior High School, Ann Ar-
bor; Opportunities under the Fubright
Act, Mr. Harold H. Benjamin, Graduate
Student, University of Michigan. All
education students are invited.
Michigan Actuarial Club: Thurs., Jan.
10, 4 p.m., Room 3D, Union. Mr. Rob-
ert J. Myers. Chief Actuary, Federal So-
cial Security Administration, will speas
on the subject, "Opportunities for Ac-
tuarial Students in Government." Re-
freshments and informal discussion fol-
lowing.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society. meet-
ing Thurs., Jan. 10, 8:30 p.m., League.
All chorus and principals required to
be there.
Sigma DeltaChi: Business meeting
(election of officers), Thurs., Jan. 10, 8
p.m., League. Business session will be
followed by talk by Prof. Lionel Laing
of the Political Science Department,
chairman of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Grad. History Club. Meeting, 8 p.m.,
Thurs., Jan. 10, East Lecture Room,
Rackham. ,Report on the AHA con-
vention in New York and election of
officers for the coming semester.
International Relations Club. Bus-
iness meeting, Thurs., Jan. 10, 7:15 p.m.,
Rm. 3K, Union.
Young Republicans will hear Michi-
gan Secretary of State Fred Alger, can-
didate for the GOP governor nomina-
tion, at 7:30 p.m., Thurs., Jan. 10,
League.
Kappa Phi: Dinner and program,
5:30 p.m., Thurs., Jan. 10. Alumnae are
in charge.

Religious Survey . . .
To the Editors:
YOU ARE to be congratulated
for your excellent objective
articles concerning the various
outstanding religious faiths of the
present day. Your series was cer-
tainly a fine beginning to a most
important area of thought; for
everyone should and must consid-
er religion and accept or reject its
various phases. No one can be
without a religion of some sort.
However, the chief criticism that
I should like to make upon your
work is that you omitted too many
highly important faiths of which
Mormanism, Christian Science,
and Calvanism are important ex-
amples, the latter being my own
f aith.
From your articles I have drawn
two observations regarding "Chris-
tianity" which I should like to pass
along.
1. First, before all else, we must
decide whether or not we are go-
ing to accept the Bible; whether it
is the inspired word of a God
greater than ourselves or not. If
the Bible is the word of God, then
who is puny man of so frail an in-
I'E

I

tellect that he should decide what
he shall accept from the Bible,
an~d what he shall reject?
2. Though I am technically a
Protestant, I feel no longer dis-
posed to call myself a Protestant.
Why? Simply because I am a Cal-
vinist, Dutch Reformed, and above
all, a Christian, a believer in the
Bible, and as such cannot ally my-
self with the majority of protest-
antism as considered in your ar-
ticles which is, more than liberal
in faith, actually non-Christian.
(This does not include fundemen-.
tal Lutheranism you will remem-
ber.)
Again congratulations to you,
and a plea for more articles to
come.
-Calvin W. Swart
EDITOR'S NOTE: Thank you. We
realize that the series of articles did
not cover all religious groups, and we
would be the last to claim that it
did that. Therefore, we attempted
only to strike certain high points in
the field of religious beliefs, bringing
out some things of interest but of
course not all. We are not contem-
plating any more of these articles at
the present.)
* *' **
Eight-o-Clocks ...
To the Editor:
HAD HEARD that, citizens of
the United States had great
freedom of speech, action and
thought, but if the sample of
collegiate life I have seen in Mi-
chigan is anything to go by, were
I an instructor I would curl up
my toes and die! Students seldom
think of how they must appear to
the instructor standing before the
class. Should the class be around
that fatal hour of eight-o'clock in
the morning, the scene is most de-
vastating, dead bodies everywhere,
that is dead as to expression and
positive functioning of the brain.
You look down on a motley crew
with open faces, yawning that is.
At this hour the instructor could
come in disguised as Frankenstein
and not elicite a single response.
The brave soul launches into his
lecture and gains momentum,
BANG-opens the door-and a
scurrying young lady careens into
the room and settles in her seat
leaving the door open to the dis-
tracting flora and fauna of the
halls.
A good teacher can usually get
his class to function on two cyl-
inders at least by the end of the
hour and is gratified if he ha
succeeded in doing so, if only for
the sake of the instructor of the
next hour. That in itself, you can
call an accomplishment.
A Doctorate seems hardly worth
the years of study, if one is faced
with the prospect of eight oclocks
for years to come. The only plaus-
ible solution to the morning men-
tal lag is a pre-class pep rally with
the University of Michigan band,
after which all students would
march 'to their classes with their
emancipated instructors.
-Naeem Gul Rathore
* o 4
ffitlgal Dil

IettePJ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length. defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

X

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4

'A

+

ART

+

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THE MAIN ATTRACTION at the Univer-
sity Museum of Art through most of this
month is a selection of drawings from the
museum's own collection, garnered during
the past five years, on display in the West
Gallery of Alumni Memorial Hall.
For some reason that has never been
adequately analyzed, drawing is customar-
ily looked upon as a poor relative of paint-
ing-tolerated, or enjoyed with reserva-
tions. It is true, of course, that painting
usually, requires more patience and labor,
but the conclusions to whieh such a cri-
terion leads are obviously inadequate, to
say the least.
The paintings' richness of color (possible
but not always achieved) is missing from the
drawing, but there is a certain pleasure in
watching the artist work within imposed
limitations. On the other hand, drawing
permits the artist to achieve a greater deli-
cacy of line than is possible in painting, and
allows of a greater variety of expression. In
the end, it is expression, or genius, or what-
ever you care to call it that counts most, and
this quality is as often found in drawing as
in painting.j
The oriental influence is largely respon-
sible for the emphasis on line quality so evi-
dent in modern painting. As time goes on, it
becomes more and more difficult to differ-
entiate between drawing and painting, and
perhaps some day the distinction will cease
to exist altogether, as has been the case in
Chinese art for a good many centuries.
* * *

nick, Shahn, Beckmann, and Picasso also
adhere closely to the styles they have de-
veloped in their composite works.
The satiric efforts of Rowlandson, Cruick-
shank and Grosz are well known to even the
most casual gallery-goer, and need no fur-
ther description. I was particularly delight-
ed (having a fondness for the subject) to
see the number of very excellent nude stu-
dies in the show. Eric Gill, whose politics I
have long admired, is represented artistically
by a beautifully delicate Female Torso, Side
View, and Masson, Maillol, Matisse, Archi-
penko, Chaim Gross, Lachaise, and Alfeo
Faggi, have won me over without political
theory.
* * *
IN ADDITION to the exhibit of drawings,
the museum has on display in the
North Gallery a selection, "Abstractions with
Thread," by Mariska Karasz. She knows
just about all there is to know about needle-
work, and she puts her craft to good use.
Her compositions reveal the influence of
modern painting, and to a large extent her
work is imitative, but as a pioneer in the
field of embroidery she is unexcelled. Miss
Karasz has made the first real break with
traditional and conventional needlework,
and it may well be that her efforts will at-
tract others to try this new use of an old
medium. These are all for sale, by the way,
and the museum office will be happy to
quote prices.
'The "Photographs of American Archi-
tecture" show in the South Gallery has
just gone up; it was delayed a few days in
transit, and I haven't been able to study

Sixty-Second Year
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the University of Michigan under the
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Student Publications.
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t
F

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BARNABY

Come out of there!
-~- With your hands up!
, O

K & TRUST COMPANY -S N .
My stars! Those fwo-legged ones

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