THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRItDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1951
_ _ _ _
OJF FA CT
By STEWART ALSOP
THE DEFINITION of Christmas has be-
come so twisted and warped in our mod-
ern day concept that few people even bother
to remember what the celebration is about.
Perhaps the biggest reason for this loss
of identity with true Chrismas spirit is
the mass commercialism that invades the
Merchants have seen Christmas with a
big dollar bill in front of it as a way to
make money. While, on the other hand,
shoppers have adopted the belief that the
only reason for Christmas is to pay someone
back in the form of an expensive looking
Glorified advertising and flowery phrases
have made naive shoppers fall prey to glam-
orous superficialities, completely forgetting
why anyone bothers to give Christmas gifts
or celebrate the Christmas spirit.
Such an idea as a fond affection
prompting the giving of a gift at this time
of the year is a joking matter in many
circles. Furthermore, the whole idea of
Christmas celebrations-feeling a closer
camaraderie and sympathy with our fel-
lowmen-is often omitted in the festivi-
The vital thing that most of us forget is
that without Christ there would be no
Christmas. For it was from the principles
He taught us in His life-that of sacrificing
for God's will, feeling brotherhood for our
fellowmen, and following God's command-
ments-that the whole Christmas celebra-
tion evolved. All this is completely obliviat-
ed now among gift exchanges, parties and
This is not to say that none of these
things are important, because-after all
-Christmas is a time for celebrating the
occurrence of Christ's birth and is there-
fore meant to be a time full of happiness
But a constant challenge is afforded us in
that we do not lose sight of the true signifi-
cance in Christmas celebration-the birth of
a divine bbing who was to lead us out of the
apathetic darkness of sin in which we were
floundering, and show us a way of life to
lead which would enrich not only our own,
but the lives of all around us.
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: ZA DER HOLLANDER
EDITOR'S NOTE: The following report was
written by Stewart Alsop on his return from
London, after a tour through Europe and the
FOR AMERICANS, what has happened
since Winston S. Churchill again became
Prime Minister of Great Britain is truly a
portent. For on the face of it, Churchill
seems to have adopted a good many of the
views of his most dangerous political antag-
onist-Aneurin Bevan, leader of the Left-
wing, anti-American Socialist minority.
On a whole series of issues, the Chur-
chill Government has come' out flat-footed
against the American position. The Schu-
man Plan for pooling European iron and
steel, and the European army scheme, are
now, since they were adopted whole-heart-
edly by General of the Army Dwight D.
Eisenhower, the twin pillars of American
policy in Europe.
Churchill himself first proposed the Eur-
opean army idea, and he has often spoken
out for European economic and political
unity. Yet among the first acts of the
Churchill Government was to make it per-
fectly clear that Great Britain will take no
active part in either scheme.
BUT BY FAR the most important issue
concerns the level of armaments. Early
this year, Aneurin Bevan resigned from the
Labor Government, charging, among other
-- a postscript
"SEVENTEEN HOURS we've been dig-
His mackinaw plastered with snow, the
large gentleman with a moustache stormed
into the office clutching a Daily.
"Seventeen hours we've been trying to
uncover the campus again, and now
THIS!" He pointed wrathfully at an edi-
torial complaining about slippery side-
Outside, the snow still fell.
"Did that girl ever dig snow? For seven-
teen hours? Did you ever do that?"
The roar of a car stuck helplessly in the
parking lot out back echoed through the
room. The large gentleman crumpled the
paper in hi's mittened hand and threw it on
"She should shovel snow sometime. And
most of us sixty-five, too. Yeah-she should
shovel snow--and you too."
I didn't say anything. He walked out.
things, that the planned level of British re-
armament was dictated by American strate-
gy, and would wreck the British economy.
A few days ago, Winston Churchill rose in
the House of Commons to announce that
the British rearmament effort would have
to be sharply reduced. In the course of the
debate which followed he remarked, "I am
giving Mr. Bevan an honorable mention in
dispatches for having . . . happened to be
The remark was sarcastic. Even so,
Churchill announced the decision to cut
back British rearmament almost at the
very moment when Eisenhower was urg-
ing a sharply increased effort by all the
N.A.T.O. countries. In view of all this evi-
dence, the casual observer in Britain might
be excused for concluding that Winston
S. Churchill had suddenly become a Bev-
Churchill has not, of course, become a
Bevanite. There are all sorts of reasons for
what has happened. There is, for example,
the character of Churchill himself. As -this
reporter wrote from London on the eve of
the British elections, Churchill (to quote one
of his intimates) was willing to "accept the
role of junior partner, but not too damn jun-
Churchill is also not unnaturally eager to
improve his bargaining strength before the
crucial Washington visit. A few not-too-
gentle reminders, likevhisremarks about the
American bomber bases, might serve to re-
mind Washington that the Anglo-American
alliance is a two-way street.
YET THE ESSENTIAL, basic reason for
what has happened is the desperate eco-
nomic situation of the country over whose
affairs Churchill has now again assumed
direction. The hard, bleak facts of this situ-
ation have forced Churchill to move a little
way down the Bevanite road.
In the long run, there is only one other
direction in which Britain can move. This is
toward a recasting of the whole basis of
the Anglo-American alliance. It is signifi-
cant that some of those close to Churchill
are beginning to think seriously (although
tentatively, and even rather shyly) of some
such basic change. It is possible that we
may hear something about this when Win-
ston Churchill comes to Washington. At
any rate, if we want Britain asian ally-
and Britain is the one wholly indispensable
ally-we should ourselves begin to think
most seriously about Britain's changed' po-
sition in the world, and its relationship to
our own position.
(Copyright, 1951, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
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DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
BEGIN4NING with the legendary King
Buddy Bolden ("... he could be heard
twenty niles away when the wind was
right .. .") at the turn of the century, jazz
has always had a monarch, even if his title
was only honorary. Bolden was followed by
a succession of other cornetists: Freddie
"Whalemouth" Keppard, Joe "King" Oliver,
and Louis Armstrong.
When Alan Lomax recorded the monu-
mental "Autobiography of Jelly Roll Mor-
ton" for the Library of Congress Folk-
song Archive in 1938, it became apparent
that the great composer-pianist had a
better claim to the throne than Louis had
ever had; Armstrong had abdicated in the
early 'thirties anyway, to- turn showman
and make some money. Morton's death in
1941 left a vacancy, with no heir appar-
In September of 1945, Willie "Bunk" John-
son's Jazz Band opened at the Stuyvesant
Casino in New York and stood the jazz
world on its ear. He was such a success that
even the RCA Victor people recorded him,
adding eight more titles to' the two dozen-
odd that the smaller companies had altruis-
tically recorded during the three years pre-
vious. Bunk's reappearance was deservedly
heralded as a milestone in the history of
jazz music, and it set off the long awaited
New Orleans revival. Energetic attempts
were made by his cultists to crown him, but
it was apparent that the aged Bunk couldn't
make the grade.
The most important result of Bunk's
return from retirement was the opportunity
it gave jazz fans to hear for the first time
his musical accomplices, most of whom had
been playing in and about New Orleans
since the 'teens and 'twenties, without ever
attracting notice. The regulars, in addition
to Bunk himself, were Jim Robinson (trom-
bone), George Lewis (clarinet), Alcide "Slow
Drag" Pavageau (string bass), Lawrence
Marrero (banjo), and Warren "Baby" Dodds
(drums); sometimes Alton Purnell or Don
Ewell attended on piano, and at various
times one of the regulars would be tempor-
arily replaced or left out entirely.
It Is worth noting at this point that ex-
cept for Bunk, Baby, and Ewell, the band
was actually Lewis', and had been for a
number of years. This bit of information
was not circulated, if not actually sup-
pressed, ,and probably only a handful of
people knew it until John Broome's article
in the September issue of The Record Chan-
ger brought it to everyone's attention.
After Bunk died, the rest of the boys re-
e King of Jazz
During the past year, Lewis has record-
ed for two different companies. Good
Time Jazz had issued Mama Don't Allow
Willie the Weeper and Burgundy Street
Blues, Yaaka Hula Hickey Dula. Para-
dox has put out an LP which includes
Willie the Weeper, 2:19 Blues, Martha,
Ole Miss, Bugle Boy March, Jerusalem,
Pallet on the Floor, Sheik of Araby. These
sessions were a month apart, and all the
numbers are excellent.
Although not quite so good, and with
slightly different personnel, there are now
available two Blue Note LP's of some 1943
recordings that have long been out of print.
diomehow, in the process of converting from
78's to LP's, the tonal quality is improved,
and the originally scratchy surfaces are hap-
pily eliminated. Some other recordings,
technically far inferior, were made in 1942
by Jazz Man and Jazz Information, of which
only the former are available, which is just
as well, since the latter were musically in-
BUT A COLLECTOR, Bill Russell, is re-
sponsible for arranging the best band re-
cording sessions since the late 'twenties. In
1944-5 he took his equipment to New Orleans
and caught the boys at their inspired best.
The results were not properly appreciated,
unfortunately, so about the time the war
was concluded, he was forced out of bus-
iness for a while. When Russell became
solvent again, he slowly began to reissue
some of his American Music things. Last
summer he got around to making LP's of
nearly everything he had in his files with
Lewis or Robinson on it, except some al-
ready available on 78.
I am happy to report that this time
the venture appears destined for success.
His first edition-200 copies of each of
the three LP's-has sold out, and a second
is being printed at this writing. To the
big companies, this sort of success would
be small potatoes; they wouldn't bother
to print an LP unless they could count on
selling 200 in a city the size of Ann Arbor.
This explains why the wonderful Bunk
Johnson Victors are no longer available
except from their European offshoots. But
to Bill Russell it represents a step in the
right direction, and in addition to the
money he makes, he will gain the grateful
best "wishes of jazz fans, whatever that is
The first selection on "American Music
by George Lewis" bears out that it is not
so much what is being played, but how;
any of you who, as I, have been nauseated
To anyone insufficiently acquainted with
the ideals of jazz, Lewis' playing will per-
haps seem unbearably crude when com-
pared to somebody like Benny Goodman. It
may be that Goodman is unsurpassed in
technique and facility in what is loosely
termed "popular" (as opposed to "classical")
music, but to judge on that basis is to miss
the point entirely. With Goodman, tech-
nique has become an end in itself, and is not,
as it should be, a means to better expres-
sion. For all the difference it would make
to the listener, we might attach an air-hose
to Goodman's mouthpiece, but when Lewis
plays, it is obvious that there is a man be-
hind the clarinet.
No one, on any instrument, has ever so
clearly expressed the blues feeling achieved
by Lewis on "Burgundy Street Blues." On
this, or any of his other numbers, one can-
not help feeling the intense emotion and
spirit in the music. Lewis communicates
a sense of tragedy without becoming too sen-
timental, and his music brings with it the
cleansing catharsis Aristotle sought in the
tragid drama. Whether blue or joyous,
Lewis is economical; exquisite or gutty,' he
says more with one well-placed note than
Goodman with a whole series of tricky
runs. Lewis' vibrato cuts like a knife,, and
he is careful not to overdo it, as does his
more famous townsman, Sidney Bechet. All
four trio numbers, by the way, were recorded
at Lewis' home one spring evening in 1945,
shortly after he had been released from the
hospital where he was recovering from the
effects of a dock accident that crushed his
On the reverse side, Russell has put three
of the 1944 band numbers, recorded without
Bunk. San Jacinto Hall was empty that
night, and the hollow sound makes it seem
that the music comes from the glorious past,
when such a session was the rule and not an
exception. Shots Madison appears on "High
Society," after which he departs to play
an engagement of his own, leaving the group
without a trumpet. Robinson has enough
brass for two, though, as is evident in his
tastefully restrained but powerful blasting
on the concluding "Ice Cream"; the band
makes the rafters really ring.
Anyone who is sufficiently taken by this
record will also be interested in the Bunk
Johnson and Wooden Joe Nicholas LP's,
as well as some 78 singles. Of the latter,
the best are Lewis' "A Closer Walk With
Thee" and four sides by Lewis' band un-
der Kid Shots' name.
The most significant thing about this
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Almost every administration when it first takes
office uses a new broom when it comes to tax evasion. It cleans up
at the expense of the administration which preceded it. Then it leans
on the broom.
Part of this broom-leaning, of course, is because the graft it
would have to clean out later is its own graft; and the clean-up
would hurt people in high places.
Thus, just as Roosevelt came into office, an important start was
made toward a tax-fraud clean-up. Actually, it was stgrted by Repub-
lican Progressive Senators Blaine of Wisconsin and Brookhart of
Iowa two months before Roosevelt was inaugurated, but continued by
FDR with the prosecution of Andrew Mellon, the man entrusted with
collecting taxes under Hoover and Coolidge; and of Charles E. Mitch-
ell, president of the National City Bank.
A total of $6,387,137 was also collected from Benedum Trees,
the Pittsburgh oil millionaire, and public attention was called to
the legal tax-dodging schemes of James Forrestal and various J.
P. Morgan partners.
Today, Washington has the famed Mellon Art Gallery because the'
former Secretary of the Treasury realized he would have to win public
support with a magnificent gesture if he were to escape criminal pro-
secution for tax evasion.
* * * *
-MORGENTHAU'S TAX SYSTEM--
FOLLOWING THIS tax clean-up, the Roosevelt administration set-
tled down to a long period of reasonably honest tax-collecting.
There were some tax cases fixed in Roosevelt's day. But eager-beaver
Henry Morgenthau made such a squawk about them that even FDR
was reluctant to arouse Henry's ire.
Furthermore, Morgenthau built up the most efficient tax-
collecting system this country has ever seen. His counsel of In-
ternal Revenue was Robert Jackson, who did such an outstanding
job that he was later elevated to the Supreme Court; while the
chief of his intelligence unit was an incorruptible old tyrant nam-
ed Elmer Irey.
In Jackson's old place, Truman appointed weak-sister Charles
Oliphant, recently a pathetic witness before the King Committee; and
in Irey's place he appointed W. H. Woolf, honest but not vigilant.
As Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Truman appointed a
mediocrity named George Schoeneman, who previously had been
mixed up in a matter which could not bear the light of day;
while as Deputy Commissioner he appointed Dan Bolich, who,
when he took the oath of office, received so many flowers that the
swearing-in ceremony looked like a gangster's funeral. Obviously
a lot of people were overjoyed that Bolich should be collecting tax-
es, and some of them later turned out to be gangsters.
Alf these appointments were made after Bob Hannegan, friend of
the big-city bosses, took over the Democratic National Committee and
the political fortunes of Harry Truman.
-SACROSANCT FRANKIE COSTELLO-
W HEN HANNEGAN was promoted from Commissioner of Internal
Revenue to National Chairman, he appointed as his successor
Joseph Nunan, who had been collector in New York. Nunan, in turn, re-
tired Hugh McQuillen, forthright chief of the New York intelligence
unit, replacing him with Dan Bolich. In this key spot Bolich had the
power of tax life or death over big-shot gamblers, big business, or any-
one else in New York.
Later, Nunan stepped out to practice law, leaving behind him
his friend Dan Bolich, who became Deputy Commissioner in Wash-
ington-the No. 2 spot for collecting the taxes of the entire nation.
At about this time, also, Harry Anslinger, narcotics commissioner,
was watching Costello for possible connection with the dope rackets,
but, because of his limited staff, he had the help of 12 Internal Reve-
nue agents. This was a natural cooperation, since both Narcotics and
Revenue are under the Treasury.
But suddenly Bolich demanded that the 12 revenue men be taken
off the Costello assignment. Anslinger protested, but it did no good.
* * * *
NATURALLY, all this makes for discouragement among the many
Tax agents whose job it is to collect the nation's taxes. Backbone
of the tax organization is the Intelligence Unit, made up of some of the
highest type men in Internal Revenue. It is their job to detect fraud.
These men are trained in the rules of evidence and know their business.
When they have finished an investigation, and when their re-
commendation for prosecution has been OK'd by the senior special
agent and the special agent in charge of a division, it is almost
inconceivable that they have recommended prosecution of an in-
nocent man. Yet during the Truman administration about 60 per
cent of the tax-fraud cases later have been quashed in one of three
1. The Chief.Counsel's office under Charles Oliphant, now resigned.
2. The JuSice Department's Tax Division, under Lamar Caudle,
3. U.S. Attorney's offices in different parts of the U.S.A.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 2552
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication (11 a.m.
FRIDAY. DECEMBER 21, 1951
VOL. LXIV, NO. 75
Summer Position-Swimming Instruc-
tor: The Detroit Civil Service Commis-
sion announces an examination for
women Swimming Instructors for next
summer. Last date for filing applica-
tion is December 31, 1951. Requires min-
imum of two years of college; age, 20-35;
must be resident of Detroit. For further
information contact Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
3528 Administration Building.
The Pennsylvania Salt Manufacturing
Company has openings for Chemists,
Civil, and Mechanical Engineers. Those
men graduating in February who are
interested may contact this firm during
The Hercules Powder Company of
Cumberland, Md. has vacancies in their
Physics, Chemical, Electrical and Me-
chanical Engineering departments. The
Electrical Engineering vacancy requires
a B. . degree in addition to experience
in electronics of radio. The Physicist
and Chemical Engineering positions re-
quire a B.S. or M.S. degree plus two to
five years' experience in industry. Ap-
plication blanks are available.
Hardware Mutuals, of Stevens Point,
Wisconsin needs men for openings in
Michigan as payroll auditors. Business
Administration students, graduating in
February with some accounting courses,
are eligible. The location of the posi-
tions are either Grand Rapids or De-
The Wayne County General Hospital
iIn Wayne, Michigan has an opening for
a womaneassistant to the medical edi-
tor to type and prepare copy for the
The Food Machinery and Chemical
Corporation, John Bean Division, of
Lansing, Michigan needs a Mechanical
Engineer 'for the Automotive section
of the firm.
Reynolds Metals of Richmond, Virgin-
ia is in need of a man to fill a position
as a Personnel Trainee. A Business Ad-
ministration student with a major in
either Personnel or Psychology is eli-
gible or an Industrial Engineer. This
firth also has positions open for Ac-
countants. They need men for Travel-
Life Magazine, in Detroit requests a
man to fill the position as Retail Repre-
sentative for the Detroit area. A Feb-
ruary graduate, veteran preferred, be
tween the ages of 24-26, and with his
own car, is eligible.
The Agrico Company of Saginaw,
Michigan has a need for qualified
young men to train as supervisors in
their new plant now being constructed.
They would like particularly men in
Engineering, Agriculture, Chemistry and
The Don Williams Corporation of
Grand Rapids, Michigan has an open-
ing for an Air Conditioning and Re-
frigeration Engineer. Experience is not
required, however, a good engineering
background is necessary.
The Deere and Company of Moline,
Illinois has openings in their Purchas-
ing, Export, Accounting, Advertising,
Sales, Product Engineering, Materials
Engineering, Production Engineering,
Industrial Engineering andrPlant En-
gineering departments. More detailed
information is available.
A firm in Alpena, Michigan has an
opening in their paving and contracting
business for a full-time bookkeeper and
office manager. Any male graduating
in February who is interested contact
the Bureau of Appointments for further
The York Corporation of York, Penn-
sylvania has positions open on their
College Graduate Training Program
which trains men to fill vacancies in
the Engineering Division, Manufactur-
ing Divisio, Sales Divison. Controller's
Division and Industrial Relations Divi-
sion. This firm manufactures refriger-
ating and air conditioning equipment.
Brazilian Traction, Light and Power
Company, Limited of Toronto, Canada
has an opening for a recent or Febru-
ary graduate of Electrical Engineering
to fill a vacancy in their Electrical De-
partment in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Single men preferred.
A town in Indiana has a need for
an Electrical Engineer, graduating in
February, who is familiar with the
operation and maintenance of Diesel
Dewey and Almy Chemical Company
has an opening in their Cedar Rapids,
Iowa plant for a graduate with training
in time and motion study, methods
improvement and related subjects. Men
graduating in February are eligible.
This plant manufactures plastic bags
for the food industry and has been in
operation only a short time.
The National Gypsum Company of
Buffalo, New York has openings in their
training program in the following
areas: Industrial Sales Training Pro-
gram (Chemical Engineering and Me-
chanical Engineering); Engineering and
Management Training Program (Chemi-
cal Engineering, Mechanical Engineering
and Business Administration); and
General Sales Training Program (Bus-
iness Administration and Architecture).
They would like both men graduating
in February and June. Detailed Infor-
mation is available.
The Michigan Public Service Com-
mission of Lansing, Michigan has a
position open for a Public Utility Rate
Examiner. A BBA with Engineering
background or an MBA with a B.S. in
Engineering is desirable. The job en-
tails research and statistics.
For further information and com-
plete details contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration Build-
School of Music Examinations in Ap-
plied Music are being posted on the
bulletin board in the Maynard Street
building, with the exception of Wind
Instruments, which are assigned in
Harris Hall. Please check the boards
for the scheduled examinations.
Doctoral examination for John vin-
cent Falconieri, Spanish; thesis: "A
History of Italian Comedians in Spain;
A Chapter of the Spanish Renaissance",
Fri., Dec. 21, East Council Room, Rack-
ham Bldg.. 4 pm. Chairman, F. San-
chez y Escribano.
Doctoral examination for Mohammed
Kashif Al-Ghita, Physics; thesis: "The
Effect of the General Mixed Beta Inter-
action on the Shape of Forbidden Beta-
Spectra and on the Beta Angular Dis-
tributions Functions," Mon., Jan. 7,
west Council Room, Rackham Bldg., 2
p.m. Chairman, G. E. Uhenbeck.
Doctoral examination for Rev. Corne-
lius P. Crowley, English; thesis: "A
Study of the Meaning and Symbolism
of the Arthurian Poetry of Charles
williams", Mon., Jan. 7, West Council
Room, Rackham Bldg., 7:30 p.m. Chair-
man, W. G. Rice.
Motion Pictures, auspices of the Uni-
versity Museums. "Trees for Tomor-
row," "The Lumberman," and "Winter
on the Farm." 7:30 p.m., Fri., Dec. 21.
JGP. Meeting of the central commit-
tee, 4 p.m., League.
TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communica-
tions from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all
letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding
300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for
any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from
publication at the discretion of the
To the Editor:
THE CHRISTMAS BUREAU of
the Salvation Army would like
through your paper to tell the
campus people how much we have
appreciated the wonderful assist-
ance they have given in helping
to care for needy famiies n our
community this Christmas. A
number of groups have helped
with the bell ringing, while others
have brought fine gifts of toys
money, clothing, and entertained
Altogether it has been a wonder-
ful and thrilling experience to see
a city opening its heart to a neigh-
bor who needs a little help along
lifes way. Through your kindness
and generosity we will be able to
meet the needs that have been
brought to us and we are sure
many hearts will be happier
through your efforts.
Thank you for your help and for
the confidence you show in letting
us be your good neighbor in this
way. God bless you all and a Mer-
ry Christmas to you.
-Emilie R. McDonald, chairman
-Roland Quinn, Captain
The Salvation Army
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BANK & TRUST COMPANY
By golly, Professor,
wagging that fail
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