THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1951
Ann Arbor Charter
itOMORROW NIGHT the Ann Arbor City
Council will meet to determine whether
or not the people of this community can vote
on revision of the city's ancient charter.
It is unfortunate that the Council
should see fit to even deliberate the mat-
ter. More appropriately, the issue should
be put on the ballot automatically. The
people most certainly have a right to re-
evaluate their municipal governmental
structure periodically without the say-so
of a group operating within that frame-
work. Accordingly, the Council should feel
obligated to put the question to the tax-
Ann Arbor is currently operating under a
special charter granted by the state legisla-
ture in 1889. Since 1909, the city has wit-
nessed a string of Michigan communities in-
voking "home rule" charters which consid-
erably broaden the base of municipal power.
Under the antiquated Ann Arbor system,
(strong council-weak mayor), the city gov-
ernment generally abides by only such pow-
ers as are expressly set forth 'in the charter.
Under "home rule," cities may initiate any,
progressive act within state statutory and
This is the crux of the problem in Ann
Arbor's government. It is, to say the least,
a wobbly set-up. The charter has led to
Jurisdictional conflicts and mismanage-
ment, to inefficiency and waste.
There is nothing surprising in this. A
municipal instrument adopted in 1889, no
matter how well it coped with contemporary
problems, is obviously inadequate today.
Charter revision to some degree is necessary
if only to recognize the fact that this is 1951,
that the times have brought increased popu-
lation and new stumbling blocks.
Charter revision was rejected by the peo-
ple in 1942. But since that time a move-
ment has grown which has drawn in almost
every conscientious and intelligent civic
leader. Even some of our most conservative
citizens have seen the need for charter re-
And the status quo group has been at
work too-doing nothing. Its fear is not
increased efficiency but the governmental
evolution which would stem from charter
revision. It fears the commission-mana-
The politically entrenched and ambitious
most naturally are reluctant to join in a
move toward a new framework which might
deprive them of their jobs and aspirations.
As a result, the cobwebs continue to collect
on Ann Arbor's charter.
The mettle of our local politicians can be
tested almost conclusively on this issue. The
relative weight which they give to their
positions and to their avowed duties may be
determined by their stands here.
In Kalamazoo, a now debt-free, civic-
minded community which has long set the
pace in Michigan municipal government,
the city manager plan came into being
early in the century largely through the
support of the city's last mayor. Such
devotion to purpose should be the vogue
rather than a phenomenon.
Likewise in Kalamazoo, the movement for
efficient government was bolstered consid-
erably by the contributions of business
groups. In Ann Arbor, no such support has
Clearly, Ann Arbor is out of step. It is
more than 60 years behind. Tomorrow
night, by letting the community vote on
charter revision, the City Council will at
least show its awareness that something
might be wrong. It will then be up to the
voters to pit facts and progress against emo-
tions and reaction.
Crisis in Israel
IN SEVERAL respects, the establishment of
the State of Israel will go down in history
as one of the biggest blunders of the 20th
Founded in a precarious geographic
position, the anomalous little state is
fast becoming a headache for the United
States, has been, of course, for the Arabs,
and in future, will be for the Israeli.
True, the Israeli government has injected
a note of progress on the Middle East scene.
Its plans for the development of agriculture,
industry, communications, and public works
have been put into effect vigorously. And
the Royal Institute of International Affairs,
will concede its success in instituting West-
ern democratic procedures. In a Middle East
permeated with corruption and out-dated
peonage, such progress is highly commend-
On the other hand, the economy of Israel,
which is being subsidized chiefly by the
United States, is synthetic and unsound
financially. The tiny state has received
financial backing and loans far out of pro-
portion from those granted to other Mid-
die East and Asian countries. To date, the
United States has made available to the
new republic $135,000,000 in export-import
bank loans, $98,747,000 in Point Four
grants, and $65,000,000 in ECA appropria-
tions. In addition, $80,000,000 of a current
$150,000,000 bond issue of the Israeli gov-
ernment has been sold in this country.
Such wholesale subsidization of Israel by
this country cannot continue indefinitely.
Sooner or later, Israel will have to stand on
its own feet-but it is questionable whether
AT PRESENT, the tremendous influx of
immigrants, streaming in from Europe,
North Africa, and the Levant, hias imposed
an intolerable strain on the country's econo-
my. Israeli leaders envision a population of
2,000,000 in the next five years-a population
which the New Hampshire-sized state will
not be able to sustain. Agriculture-wise, the
country possesses less than 50,000 square
miles of cultivable land.
It was hoped that wide-scale industriali-
zation programs would off-set the meager
agricultural returns. This may be possible,
but the fact remains -- Israel's natural
market is the neighboring Arab World, a
hostile world which has been and will
continue boycotting Israel goods. More-
over, Israel does not have a natural supply
of coal or iron. These would have to be
Imported at great cost.
For the Israeli, the state will never be the
haven they hoped for. Inflation is now run-
ning rampant. The basic currency, the Is-
raeli pounds, fixed at $2.80 in American
money, will buy in Israel about 94 cents
worth of food, clothing, and shelter. The
large flow of immigrants into the country
should raise prices even higher.
The present Ben Gurion policy of en-
couraging mass immigration will also
eventually lead to a demand for "Leben-
sraum" and, coupled with the implacable
animosity of the Arabs, will lead to war.
The Huleh Marshes border clashes last
spring anticipated what can be expected to
be a general conflict with the rising tide
of Arab nationalism, which is fast elimi-
Zionist's quest for a national state, se-
curity, and peace and who admires their
courageous, insatiable desire for progress
cannot help but note the striking pathos of
Yet, their fate has been the result of their
own short-sighted insistence upon a home in
Palestine, which precluded any possibility
for a Jewish state elsewhere. Nor are those
countries which discriminated viciously
against Jews in their immigration laws free
. . *
P R THE ARAB peoples, Israel has meant
a great loss of lives, fellahin and feudal
landlord alike. Sadly enough, it has also
meant a correspondingly larger loss of souls;
the United Nations reports 800,000 refugees-
Palestinian Arabs who have ben deprived of
their homes and have consequently become
an international liability. This is a bitter
pill to swallow for the Arab, a traditionally-
strong family man. From a commercial
standpoint, the proud Arabs consider the
ports on the Palestinian coast a loss.
And because of the geographical loca-
tion of Israel, they consider the tiny state
a barrier between them at the outset of
their new international career. In toto,
the atmosphere is one of unequivocal hate.
For the United States, the Israel fiasco is
beginning to take on international signifi-
cance as we recognize the importance of
the Middle East area.
Prior to the founding of Israel, there were
clairvoyant warnings from American quar-
ters pointing out the possibility of alienat-
ing the Arab world if the United States rec-
ognized, much less supported Israel.
The Forrestal Dairies vividly picture the
enormous Jewish pressure brought to bear
on the State Department (where a Zionist
supporter had been appointed special as-
sistant for Palestine affairs). Of course,
the department was also concerned with
beating Russia to the punch by recogniz-
ing the incipient state. As it was, the
United States preferred to toss a political
shaft at 50,000,000 prospective Arabian
allies by recognizing Israel.
The de facto recognition of Israel, coupled
with U.S. subdizization, has provoked an in-
tense dislike of the Arab World for the
United States-notwithstanding the outward
"hyperbolic goo" lavished upon our diplo-
mats by their Arab counterpart.s
Last spring, the Wafdist Party of Egypt,
controlling Parliament, voted to offer Russia
political and economic concessions in Misr.
The Wafdist overtures were followed by simi-
lar offers from other Arab countries. A
month ago, Egypt's Pasha conferred omi-
nously with the Russian ambassador to
Now, the state of war that continues be-
tween Israel and the Moslem states and
the coldness of the Arabs toward America
are making it extremely difficult for West-
ern powers to organize a Middle Eastern
defense command to protect the oil-rich,
manpower-packed area against possible
Russian attack. Ironically, even Israel re-
fused to join in such a pact.
In the meantime, the Soviet Union is ex-
ploiting the tension and dissension atmos-
phered throughout the North East.
CAMPUS CONFIDENCE in the, ability of
Panhellenic Association to work out its
own bias clause problems, with a little as-
sistance from Student Legislature, went
down another notch this week, as two rather
glaring deficiencies in the joint Panhel-SL
committee came to light.
The failure to appoint any independent
members or to choose anyone with prior
experience in studying this problem starts
the committee off with a handicap it may
well not overcome.
The first point was emphatically raised in
freshman legislator Valerie Cowen's debut in
SL debate Wednesday night when she ob-
jected to the selection of two affiliates as
the SL representatives. This choice, it turned
out, was made at Panhel's request.
It is unfortunate that both groups failed
to take the psychological need for an inde-
pendent committee member more heavily
into account. The SL selections, Sondra Dia-
mond and Karin Fagerburg, are both capable
and sincere, as are the Panhel choices. But
with nothing but affiliated members, any
report the group comes up with will be sus-
pect in the eyes of the campus as a super-
ficial study designed merely to sidetrack the
Panhel fails to comprehend the black
eye it has given itself by inept handling of
the problem in the past. Former president
Jane Topper's testimony before the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee denying the exis-
tence of sorority clauses represents a wilful
lie somewhere within the sorority system-
a lie which is difficult to live down.
Insistence on affilated members only crys-
tallizes the aura of distrust surrounding
Panhel's ability to handle the problem. If
the group has now faced reality and is, as
it says, sincerely interested in doing some-
thing, it should make more of an effort to
convince the campus of its new-found pur-
True, sororities are touchy about their
constitutions-and much material the com-
mittee will be handling is of a confidential
nature. But there are independent women
who would be capable of constructive work
within the committee.
As for SL's acquiesence in the deal, one
can only say that, inasmuch as the Legis-
lature brought the matter up, it is passing
strange that such a settlement from Pan-
hel would be accepted.
The other major shortcoming of the com-
mittee could also have been easily solved
with a little foresight. None of the members
have worked with the explosive, complex
problem of bias clauses before. To see the
disadvantage of this one needs only to recall
the first bumbling efforts of the IFC to re-
solve the issue.
It would have been a simple matter to
appoint a student who has been working
on the fraternity clauses to the committee,
perhaps as an ex officio member. Of
course, the committee personnel can con-
sult with these people on their own-but
it would have been much simpler and
more practical to have one working closely
with the group.
It is of course far preferable to have the
bias clause problem worked out within Pan-
hel. But the sororities must demonstrate
more firmly their desire to act constructively.
It is campus pressure that is forcing Panhel
to consider this problem-the organization
should remember that if the campus is not
satisfied with Panhel's handling, the matter
will be taken from its hands.
-SECRET RUSSIAN RADIO-
UTNDERGROUND CABLES from Moscow
report that a mysterious mobile trans-
mitter in western Russia is causing almost
as much havoc inside the Kremlin as an
The powerful short-wave radio, located
on a truck trailer, is constantly on the
move in the mountains and butts into
speeches of Soviet bigwigs with derisive
comments and revolutionary slogans. It
is operated by the oldest of the anti-
Bolshevik Russian undergrounds, the NTS,
started in Yugoslavia 15 years ago.
A few days ago-November 17-the radio
read to the Russian people copies of letters
delivered to the Red army command at
Babelsburg, in Eastern Germany, calling
upon General Chuikov to lead a revolt.
NTS propaganda has been able to reach
millions, thanks to the Soviet system of re-
ceivers installed in offices, factories and
homes for the purpose of listening to the
official radio. The short-wave NTS station
uses the same wave lengths as the Soviet
home service, and it's driving Soviet officials
Uncensored diplomatic dispatches give
such examples of the NTS radio as:
A Moscow announcer was reading a pi-
ous Pravda editorial acclaiming Stalin as
"the father of peace and democracy,"
"LOOK DADDY' HERE COMES SANTA."
. . IN RETROSPECT ...
HATCHER INAUGURAL-Harlan Henthorne Hatcher officially
donned the vestments of office this week, as he became the eighth
president of the University in a resplendent inaugural ceremony. Dele-
gates from 313 colleges and universities, here for one of the year's
top events in the world of education, and the University faculty,.
garbed in academic robe, gave resounding applause to the tall, hand-
some new president on the Hill Auditorium stage, as he accepted the
office, paid special tribute to retired president Alexander G. Ruthven.
The Hatchers Wten wrung 600 hands, as the guests lined up in the
League for a rception,
ir S 4 Y
WILCOX ACCOLADES-Len Wilcox swept triumphantly into a
second term as Student Legislature president, as he won re-election
by acclamation. For the third straight semester, only one candidate
was nominated for the office. The rest of the cabinet underwent some
reshuffling, but emerged with almost the same familiar faces. Only
retired legislators Irv Stenn and Patty Doyle were not renamed to the
cabinet-they were replaced with juniors Phyllis Kaufman and Howie
Willens. The old-timers-all but one serving their last year on Sr-
are Bob Baker, Phil Berry, Leah Marks and Robin Glover.
members were all affiliated. SL appointed affiliates to fill its two
spots on the five-member committee at the request of Panhel, bring-
ing strong criticism at the SL meeting. The Legislature wound' up
approving the selections by a narrow margin.
* * * *
YR SQUABBLES-The Young Republicans, who have been threat-
ened by civil war all fall, split wide open this week, as Dave Cargo,
liberal Eisenhower supporter, resigned as president. Cargo declared
he was tired of constant badgering and "personal villification"
* * * *
Inef~rnatonal . .
CEASE FlRE-Mass confusion followed the Allied and Red ap-
proval of a provisional cease-fire line Tuesday. General Matt Ridg-
way said he sent a note to his troops directing them to continue the
war until the final armistice was signed. But the note was altered
somewhere along its trip to the front.
Newsmen said that when it reached the foxholes, it was a virtual
cease-fire order. UN troops were told by their field officers to fire
only in defense of present positions. Patrol action was sharply cur-
tailed. Even the Reds relaxed for a day. Communist soldiers played
volleyball in full view of the Allied lines. But the strange quiet was
soon shattered-it was all a mistake. Allied Headquarters in Tokyo
reported that no cease-fire order "had been given to the Eighth
Army or any body else." And in Key West, a spokesman for the
Commander-in-Chief emphatically denied an Associated Press report
that the order had come from the "highest source."
If the cease-fire order had been true, it would have put an entirely
new slant on the armistice negotiations. As one commentator pointed
out, the threat of continued war was the United Nations only weapon
for making the Communists talk peace. Perhaps a clue to the real
Communist view of the cease-fire was sighted in North Korea. Allied
pilots reported the largest movements of Red troops towards the front
since the war began 17 months ago.
At week's end, the armistice talks were again deadlocked over the
UN demands for a ban on the development of airfields. It seemed
that the 30 days, which negotiators had to sign an armistice before
the cease fire line would again have to be discussed, would surely come
* * * *
EUROPEAN FRONT--In Paris, Big Four delegates began a ten-
day series of secret discussions on European disarmament, following a
surprise Russian okay of the talks. The Political Committee of the
UN wil hold off any further action on the disarmament debate until
the sub-committee reports a week from Tuesday.
-Sid Klaus and Crawford Young
(Continued from Page 2)
to; David Lloyd, tenor; James Pease,
bass; the University Choral Union of
310 voices; Musical Society Orchestra
and Mary McCall Stubbins, organist;
under the direction of Lester McCoy.
Tickets at popular prices, tax exempt:
58c and 42c will continue on sale until
Saturday noon, the 8th, at the offices
of the Uniersity Musical Society in
Burton Tower; and at the Hill Audi-
torium box office after 7 o'clock Satur-
day night, and after 1:30 Sunday after-
The performances will begin prompt-
ly, and the public is requested to come
sufficiently early as to be seated on
time since latecomers will not be ad-
mitted during the performances.
The audience is also respectfully re-
quested to refrain from applause until
the close of Part I and at the end of
University of Michigan symphony
Band Concert. Conductor: William D.
Revelli; Guest Conductor: Edwin Fran-
ko Goldman. Sun., Dec. 2, 4:15 pnw',
Sequoia, A Tone Painting ....La Gassey
Overture to Beatrice and Benedict
American Symphonette No. 2 ...Gould
Conducted by William D. Revelli
English Folk Song Suite.....Williams
Italian Polka .... arr. by Rachmaninoff
March. Happy-Go-Lucky ......Goldman
March. Jubilee Goldman
March. Anniversary Goldman
Conducted by Edwin Franko Goldman
M Rhapsody arr. Werle
Conducted by W. D. Revelli
University Concert Orchestra, Emil
Raab, Conductor, with James Fudge,
baritone, will be heard in a "Pop" con-
cert at 2:30 Sunday afternoon, Decem-
ber 2, in South Quadrangle. The pro-
gram will include the Overture to the
Barber of Seville by Rossini, Tschaikow-
sky's Chanson Triste; compositions by
Grieg, Khachaturian, Walton, Nicola,
and Coates. Mr. Fudge will sing four
songs, Hard Trails, The Hills of Home,
The Girl That I Marry, and Younger
than Springtime. The concert will be
open to the public. Another program
by the same group will be presented in
Alice Lloyd Hall on Sunday afternoon,
Woodwind Quintet, Nelson Hauen-
stein, flute, Lare Wardrop, oboe, Albert
Luconi, clarinet, Ted Evans, French
horn, and Hugh Cooper, bassoon, will be
heard at 8:30 Monday evening, Decem-
ber 3, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
The program will include the following:
Quintet No. 8 by Reiche, The Chimney
of King Rene by Milhoud; Sinfonia by
Heiden, Dance Caricatures by Douglas,
and Two Pieces, Op. 98 by Jongen. It
will be open to the general public.
CANTERBURY CLUB: Meet at Can-
terbury House, 5:15, to leave together
for the Methodist Church.
WESLEYAN GUILD: Breakfast Semi-
nar, 9:30 a.m. in Pine Room. Discussion:
"The Present Generation and Their
Shortcomings." Bible Study Group,
4:15 p.m. Guald Supper and program,
5:30 p.m. Guest speaker: Prof. John L.
Brumm. Subject: "If I Were a Student
Again." Members of the Episcopal stu-
dent group are invited as guests.
LUTHERAN STUDENT ASSOCIATION
LUTHERAN STUDENT ASSOCIA-
TION: 5:30 p.m., Supper at Student
Center. Program, :00: Speakers: Two
students from Germany.
CONGREGATIONAL - DISCIPLES
GUILD: 6 p.m., supper, 6:45 program at
Memorial Christian Church. Miss Maggi
Long, former Guild member and a stu-
dent at Chicago Divinity School will
speak "Christian Art in a Crisis World."
GAMMA, LUTHERAN, STUDEN'
CLUB: Supper program, 5:30p.m. Talk:
"Square Pegs in Round Holes," by the
Rev. Jack Angle, Insttutional Chaplain
Roger Williams Guild: 6 p.m., Sup-
per. 7 p.m., Dr. Donald Gray will speak
on "The Bible in Art."
Sigma Alpha Iota, professional music
fraternity for women: Annual Christ-
mas Candlelight Service, 8 p.m. First
Presbyterian Church. The public is in-
Co-ed Sunday Nir'it Record Concert:
League Library, 8:30-10 p.m. Program:
Organ Sonatas, Robert Noehren;
Brahms 1st Symphony; Prokofiev-
Symphony No. 5.
Delta Sigma P, Professional Fraterni-
ty for Business Administration and
Economics majors, will hold a rushing
smoker from 3 to 5 p.m., at the chapter
house, 1412 Cambridge Road.
Hillel: A games party will be held
at the Tau Delta Phi House, 7 p.m.
Everyone is welcome.
Hillel: Sunday Night Supper Club,
5:30 to 7 p.m., at the Tau Delta Phi
Fraternity House. Delicatessen supper.
SCIENCE RESEARCH CLUB. Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Tues., Dec. 4, Rackham Am-
phitheatre. PROGRAM: "Divergent Se-
quences of Numbers," by George Piran-
ian, Mathematics, and "Predicting Epi-
demicity of Polimyelitis," by Fay H.
Hemphill, School of Public Health.
Le Cercle Francais: Meets Tues., Dec.
4, 8 p.m. League. Program : Dramatic
parody of silent films, a French West
African epic entitled "L'amour et la
mort en Afrique du Nord." Broom
dance.Charades. Coffee. New members
Deutscher Verein. German Club meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m. Tues., Dec. 4, Room 3G,
Union. Radio detective play in Ger-
man, treasure hunt, singing and re-
freshments. Michiganensian picture will
be taken of all members who bring the
DETA SIGMA PI, Professional Frater-
nity for Business Administration and
Economics majors, will hold a formal
rushing smoker, Tues., Dec. 4, 7 to 9
p.m. at the chapter house, 1412 Cam-
Women's Research Club. Meeting,
Mon., Dec. 3, 8 p.m.. West Lecture
Room, Rackham Building. Speaker-
Dr. Mary Swindler, Fine Arts. "A Rec-
onnaissance of the 7th and 8th Century
Sites in Turkey" (illustrated by pic-
tures taken recently by the speaker
during the period of her research study
in Turkey). The new members will be
welcomed into the club at this meeting.
Premedical Sodiety presents a panel
discussion of premedical education, in-
cluding questions concerning curri-
culum; a concept of the medical
schools' ideal premedical student; and
an open discussion period. Panel par-
ticipants: Asst. Dean James H. Robert-
son, School of Literature Science and
the Arts, Moderator; Professor Louis I.
Bredvold, Department of English; Dr.
Reed M. Nesbit, Professor of Surgery;
Mr. Joseph H. Boyer, organic chemistry
lecturer; a medical student; and a
premedical student. 7:30 p.m., Tues.,
Dec. 4, Kellogg Auditorium.
Movies of the work being done in the
West Coast Laboratories of Naval Ord-
nance Test Station, Civil Engineering.
and Research, Missile Test Center, Bu-
reau of Standards' Institute for Nu-
merical Analysis, Electronics, and Ra-
diological Defense. 7:30 p.m., Mon.,
Dec. 3, 348 West Engineering Bldg. All
engineers are invited.
Michigan Dames. Music Group will
meet at the home of Sandy McCool,
1022 vaughn, Mon., Dec. 3, 8 p.m. Hos-
tesses: June Bourne and Clara Bright.
The group's new sponsor, Mrs. Courte,
will be present.
Handicraft Group will meet at 8 p.m.,
Tues., Dec. 4, eLague. Project for the
evening will be copper tooling. Bring
teaspoon, pencil, magazine, tracing
paper and 1 square foot of copper tool-
ing, 36 gauge (available at Ulrich'
book store). Hostesses: Evelyn Christen-
se nand Florence Hallman.
La p'tite causette meets Monday from
3:30 to 5 p.m. in the south room, Union
Spanish Club Social Hour. Tues.,
Dec. 4, 4-6 p.m. at the Women's League.
Fun planned for all.
Hiawatha Club. Meeting, Tues., Dec.
4, 7:30 p.m., League. Plans for Christ-
mas Party to be discussed.
T IS ONE of the failures of
American philosophy that we
confuse education and intelligence
as much as we confuse plumbing
and civilization. One ounce of in-
telligence is worth a pound of edu-
cation, for where there is intelli-
gence education will advance on
its own, but where education alone
exists the results can be terrifying
beyond even the realms of untu-
T IS SAID that hope goes with
youth; but I fancy that hope is
the last gift given to man, and the,
only gift not given to youth. For
youth the end of every episode is
the, end of the world. But the
power of hoping through every-
thing, the knowledge that the soul
survives its adventures-that great
inspiration comes to the middle
-G. K. Chesterton
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rN ow splendily you hazve things 1
tyourulers of your planet open