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November 06, 1951 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1951-11-06

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iY e

St i~t au&

Dalig

MORNING HEADLINES
WHRV MIDNIGHT

CLOD DY, CONTINVED COLDI

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXII, No. 37

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1951

SIX PAGES

U .S. Plan
Reported for
Disarming
Would Include
A-Bomib Count
PARIS--(P)--The United States
was reported ready last night to
submit to a count of its atomic
bombs and other weapons as part
of an international disarmament
plan if all other countries will do
the same.
The plan is part of a peace
package with which the U.S.
hopes to seize the initiative against
the Soviet Union in the sixth
United Nations general assembly
opening here today.
* * *
IN THE first move to take the
offensive, the United States, Bri-
tain and France came forward
with a surprise proposal that the
UN appoint a "neutral interna-
tional commission" to make an in-
vestigation in both East and West
Germany as to whether it is pos-
sible to hold genuinely free elec-
tions for an all-German govern-
ment. This. was the West's an-
swer to the Communists' German
unity campaign.
The only move made by the
Soviet Bloc yesterday was in the
windup session of the fifth as-
sembly which adjoured to clear
the decks for the new assembly
which convenes at 9 a.m. EST
today.
A Russian proposal to refer to
the new assembly the question of
giving China's seat to the Com-
munists was smothered by a vote
of 20 to 11, with 11 absentions. The
Russians are certain to revive the
issue.
* * ,
THE UNITED STATES, in ad-
vancing its authoritatively report-
ed plan for an atom bomb count,
still stands on its demands for
foolproof inspection and verifica-
° tion of such a census. This stum-
bling block Is expected to delay,
if not prevent, an atomic war
chest.
The Russians and Americans
never have agreed on a system to
verify such a count, and an east-
ern European source tonight called
the new American plan a "big
bluff." In short, few delegates ex-
pect Russia to take the challenge.
. s s-. .
Reds May Pull
Atom Shocker
MOSCOW-(MP-Foreign observ-
ers here said yesterday the Soviet
Union might spring a surprise at
the New United Nations session in
Paris, possibly with regard to atom
control
The observers said they are con-
vinced the Soviets have at least
one big surprise up their sleeves for
the session opening today.
It may have to do with a propo-
sal on atomic controls and the
overall question of arms reduction.
It may also include a spectacular
peace move.
The Soviet press has been non-
committal about what moves its
delegation might make in Paris.
There has been very little in the
newspapers about the coming ses-
sion.

LanguagePla
Arouses Debate
Lit :Faculty's Proposal To Require
Two Years Opposed by High Schools
(Editor's note: This is the first of two articles concerned with a literary
college faculty proposal, advanced last May 14, to extend the language re-
quirement to four semesters.)
By CAL SAMRA
A literary college faculty proposal to require a four semester pro-I
ficiency in a foreign language from all of the college's graduates has
stirred up opposition from State high schools.
In brief, the proposal, which was advanced last spring and is now
being given serious consideration by President Harlan H. Hatcher,
allows future literary college students to satisfy the proficiency re-
quirement either by passing a placement test or by completing four
semesters of any language they wish. The proposal, if approved by
the Board of Regents, would not affect students now attending the
college.
REPORTEDLY, the opposition of certain State high schools has
arisen for various and sundry reasons, the primary ones being:
1) The new proposal would force high schools which don't
already offer courses in foreign languages to add them to their
curricula.
2) Some high school principals entertain doubts about the cul-
tural value of a two-year course in a foreign language.
3) Other argue that it would be preferable to require two
years of American history.
4) Another group contends that the placement test would
jeopardize the reputations of their high schools, and would conse-
quently tend to discourage the teaching of languages in these high
school.

1

*

* *

THOUGH literary college Dean Burton D. Thuma has denied that
the proposal was "especially controversial," a source close to the Uni-
versity said yesterday that "even within the literary college there is
not a unanimous opinion."
On the other side of the ledger, however, several literary college
faculty members have pledged strong support of the proposed innova-
tion,
Prof. Henry W. Nordmeyer, chairman of the Germanic languages
department, explained: "In this shrinking world of ours, it seems to
be of great educational value to be language conscious, regardless of
what language one takes."
Prof. Nordmeyer deplored the fact that Americans are typically
versed in only one language. He insisted that a "mono-lingual in-
tellectual elite would be harmful to the United States in its contact
with other countries."
The case for the -proposal was also briefed by Prof. Benjamin F.
Bart, Jr. of the French department. According to Prof. Bart, a greater
knowledge of languages would serve as a channel to a better under-
standing of the cultures of foreign countries.
He pointed out that there is a great deal of "bad teaching" of
foreign languages in high schools. This, he said, furnishes students
with only an introduction to the language and develops only an-
tagonism.
Though stressing the merits of the proposal, Prof. Bart admitted
that better language teaching in high schools would "relieve the pres-
sure on the University."
See HIGH SCHOOLS, Page t
EconoMist Predicts End
To CoIlege Deferments

Reds
With
Bottle Bust
DETROIT-(P)-At least one
bubble in the rising cost of liv-
ing burst yesterday.
Detroit taverns which boost-
ed the price of beer five cents a
bottle after the recent federal
tax increases were warned by
the government to take it back.
John J. Frank, Detroit en-
forcement director of the Office
of Price Stabilization, said the
increases could be applied to
case-lot beer-but not to single
bottle prices.
Tories Try
To Prevent
Devaluationj
LONDON - Britain's new con-
servative government laid drastic
plans yesterday for a national
fight to stave off another devalu-
ation of the pound.
Prime Minister Winston Chur-
chill after a special meeting of
the cabinet was reported ready to:
* *
SLASH Britain's import pro-
gram by anything up to one-
fourth,etouching off a new phase
of austerity. Food is likely to be
scarcer and gasoline is likely to
be rationed.
Ask all other nations of the
British-led sterling a r e a to
slice their gold and dollar
spending.
Inform the United States that
substantial American help is es-
sential if Britain is to fulfill her
$13,160,000,000 arms program over
the next three years.
Suspend Britain's promises to
liberalize her trade with European
nations.
Boost production by a target
figure of a b out 1,200,000,000
pounds annually-or about four
percent of the national income-
which is the extent ot which Bri-
tain is. spending more than she is
earning.
THE CHURCHILL government's
prospective work-harder call to
the nation may mean suspension
of the five-day week in many key
industries, and a new wage incen-
tive system for workers.-
Iran Starts
Domestic Oil
Production
TEHRAN, Iran-(P)-The gov-
ernment of Iran announced yes-
terday that with God's help and
no foreign engineers it is operating
part of the old Anglo-Iranian Oil
Company refinery temporarily to
supply domestic needs.
An official said if foreign cus-
tomers show up with their own
tankers to take away oil the opera-
tion may be expanded and kept
going.

Iranian experts conceded, how-
ever, that foreign help is needed
for capacity production. AIOC and
other tankers are boycotting Iran-
ian oil,
IRAN'S own nationalized opera-
tion of a single unit that can turn
out 250,000 tons a month started
Sunday. It is scheduled to go on
for a month at the Abadan plant,
the world's largest.
Total plant output by the Brit-
ish before they closed down oper-
ations last July 31 in the nation-
alization crisis that later drove
them out of Iran was 2,500,000
tons a month.
The prideful Iranian announce-
ment perhaps carried the hope it
will influence the British to re-
new negotiations with Premier Mo-
hammed Mr-adegh who is tarry-
ing in Washington.

Resist
Tank,

.Allied
Rocket

Attack
B lasts
Battle Rages
On Two Key
KoreanHills
Hint eis Dislike
New Truce Pla
BULLETIN
MUNSAN--A')-The Commun-
ists today rejected an Allied pro-
posal that final settlement of the
Korean buffer zone issue be
shelved pending settlement of
other items on the armistice
agenda.
By 'he Associated Press
Communist troops last night
defended with rockets and the fire
of massed tanks two key hill posi-
tions they won in a savage Sunday
attack on the western front.
Allied infantrymen supported by
tanks, artillery and planes were
fighting up the two slopes. Pitched
battles flared all along an eight
e Eisen- mile sector of the battle front and
e Gen- southwest of Yonchon.
en route * * *
AN ALLIED officer estimated
that elements of two Communist
regiments were defending the
hills. Behind them 22 Russian-
type tanks poured fire at the at-
Is tacking UN troops.
All was quiet on the peace
front as the Allies urged the
Reds to skip final settlement of
the deadlocked buffer issue and
go on to other questions in hopes
of hastening a Korean armis-
rTruman, tice.
ation's top
full-dress A Peiping radio broadcast gave
House. the impression the Allied proposal
Kph Short was not acceptable.
inference, THE BROADCAST asserted the
of allo- Allies were attempting to gain
" for the Kaesong by trick or conquest. The
Organiza- broadcast, heard in San Francisco,
ewer's su was heralded in advance by the
lied pow Communist radio as important.
A United Nations command
y expected spokesman said Communist ac-
ld ceptance might cut in half the
low of U.S. time necessary to stop the fight-
r to build ing in the 16-months-old war.
r focein He did not estimate what the
g force time might be, however.
of sche- The formal proposal, made at
yesterday afternoon's meeting in
Panmunjom, was that a 2-mile-
.red cheer- wide buffer zone, with some ad-
alked nit justments, be created whereverthe
nine-hour battle line happens to be when an
Pentagon, armistice is signed.
'lair House.
t of poli- Truman
his talk
e general CIO TO Slow

HOME AGAIN-Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower (left) holds his two-year-old grandchild, Anne
hower, as he looks toward his other grandchild, Dwight David Eisenhower being held by th,
eral's son, John. John's wife is at the right. The general stopped to visit his family whilee
to White House military talks in Washington.
___________________* * * *
"STRICTLYMILITARY:
World News 1- l1IJ*

It may be very difficult to defer
anyone for educational reasons be-
cause of the expected manpower
situation Prof. William Haber of
the economics department asserted
last night.
Speaking to delegates to the
Directors of Orientation confer-
ence, Prof. Haber explained that
this shortage will ensue when the
present reservoir of 21-25 year
olds are drained.

IN HIS address

entitled "HigherI

UNPRECEDENTED PERIOD:
Intense Psychological
War Cited by Padover

Education and the Manpower
Problem," Prof. Haber predicted
that such a mass drafting of
youth might lead to "a society
with an overemphasis on physical
strength."
To further complicate the sit-
uation, he pointed out,there are
not enough 18 year olds to main-
tain the size of our present
standing army.
He proposed a solution which
would have educators and mili-
tary leaders devise a plan whereby
some men could be sent to camp,
some to the laboratory and some
to classrooms" in order to preserve
a balance of society within- the
garrison state which the United
States may be for a decade or two
generations.
EMPHASIZING the growing
stress on physical security as pos-
sibly becoming dominant in the
country's future labor force, Prof.
Haber urged the adoption : of a
long-range plan to safeguard the
humanities so that our society can
"strike a balance."
The conference was opened yes-
terday morning with speeches by
assistant dean of students Ivan
W. Parker, vice president Marvin
L. Niehuss and Dean E. E. Stafford
of the University of Illinois.
Murder Trial
W.ill Resume
Trial will be resumed at 1 p.m.
today of three 18-year-old youths
accused of the brutal mallet-slay-

Roundup
By The Associated Press
NEW ORLEANS-ThedLouisi-
ana Supreme Court yesterday de-'
nied a writ seeking to bar criminal
Judge J. Bernard Cocke of New
Orleans from hearing the cases of
five Lake Charles newsmen ac-
cused of defaming 16 public of-
ficials and three gamblers.
WASHINGTON - Lt. Gen.
Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr., a fight-
ing man who has seen service all
over the world, yesterday was
named boss of the Marines.
President Truman announced
the appointment, effective Jan.
1. At that time the present
Marine commandant, Gen. Clif-
ton Cates, will completeahis
four-,year tour of duty. Cates
will be assigned some other job.
LOS ANGELES-Four men, in-
cluding a chief engineer, were
killed and five were injured in an
explosion at a Douglas Aircraft
Company branch plant yesterday,
the second blast at the plant with-
in two weeks.
TUCUMCARI, N.M. - In
blinding eastern New Mexico
snow, a chartered airliner
crashed and broke in two yester-
day, killing one of its load of 26
Korean war veterans.
DETROIT-The motor city will
elect a new mayor and common
council today to serve two year
terms.
Mayor Albert Cobo is up for re-E
election opposed by labor-support-
ed County Clerk Fred Brannigan.
Municipal elections in several
other major cities are also slated
for today.
OSLO-The Nobel Peace Prize
for 1951 has been awarded to Leon
Jouhaux, of France, the Norwegian
Nobel Institute announced yester-
day.
Jouhaux, a militantly anti-Com-
munist labor leader, is the 50th
recipient of the prize.

Uen. iEisenhower n~iro-
All Political Diseussio1
WASHINGTON - (A') - Gen. LATER in the day, M]
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday Eisenhower and the na
sidetracked any discussion of his defense officials held a
political intentions "just now" and conference at the White
said he has never authorized any
Ike-for-President boom. Press Secretary Jos
The five-star general also de- told newsmen the c
clared he did not discuss politics lasting an hour and 20
-"not a bit"-during a. private centered on "problems
luncheon meeting with President cation and production'
Truman at Blair House yesterday North Atlantic Treaty (
noon.____________
I -- ____preme headquarters, A]
? ers in Europe.
Bi g s It had been generall:
gest A om that the conference woi
means to quicken the fl
Blast Roeksarms to Europe in ord
up a compact fighting
Nevada Area 3Wetern Europe ahea
LAS VEGAS - ()- A strong, EISENHOWER appea
fiery atom bomb--the most power- ful but tired as he tf
ful and brilliant in the fall test newsmen at his hotel
series at Yucca Flat--rocked the after an exhausting
southern Nevada desert for miles round of talkseat the
yesterday but no serious damage the White House and B
was reported. Asked if the subjec
Children were released from tics had come up in
school in the little town of Cali- with Mr. Truman, thi
ente, Nev., (population 1,000) as replied: "No, Sir."
the Atomic Energy Commission is- Sharply intensifying t
suedl a special warning to the over what plans he ma
community, but a freak of atmos- the 1952 presidential n
pherics spared the town. hower held fast to h
* =* <s statement, on his retu
THE SAME strange action sent United States on Saturd
the shock waves bounding harm- came back simply to di
lessly past more heavily populated problems in Europe.
Las Vegas. *
But the explosion-accompan- LIKE EISENHOWER
ied by a full-scale, 10-second House threw a dampE
fireball-jarred observers on Mt. political implications
Charleston, 50 miles from the with the general's visit.
test site. A double-waved shock,. Newsmen asked F
following the flash by nearly Secretary Short wheth
five minutes, had the intensity had any bearing on the
of a medium earthquake. that Eisenhower might
The fifth in the AEC's present post as Supreme Allied
series, yesterday's bomb seemed to er in Europe "sometir
have twice of the power of No. 4, future."
which tested troops in exercise "It certainly did n
desert rock last Thursday. said emphatically.

he mystery
y have for
ace, Eisen-
is original
rn to the
ay, that he
scuss arms
,the White
er on any
connected
Presidential
er the visit
possibility
give up his
Command-
me in the
ot," Short

C
t1
{E
{

By OJEAMIREN OJEHOMON
"We are in the midst of an in-
tense political and psychological
warfare," Saul K. Padover, dean
of the School of Social Research
in New York City, declared here
yesterday.
Mankind is living through an'
unprecedented period because of
its combined access to the medium
of mass communication and the
present ideological conflict, Pad-
over observed.
THE HISTORY of this type of
warfare is young, he pointed out.
The British, he told the audi-
ence, were the first to use poli-

f ._ -

WageWants
NEW YORK - (P) - President
Truman and two of his top con-
trols officials yesterday in ,effect
asked the CIO to put the brakes
on wage demands during the pres-
ent emergency.
In carefully worded language,
President Truman said one of the
biggest tasks facing the nation is
to get high defense production
without bringing on renewed in-
flation.
In a letter to the CIO's 13th an-
nual convention, he said this
would require "steady production"
plus "restrained and responsible
actions" by businessmen, farmers
and workers.
Michael DiSalle, director of
price stabilization, w a s more
blunt.
In an address prepared for a
dinner session of the convention,
DiSalle said, "labor must temper
its demands according to the eco-
nomic necessities of today."
* *

I

tical propaganda on a large
scale in the World War I.
He cited the Cabel incident of
1915 as a "hot" stunt of political
propaganda which stirred Ameri-
can public opinion, and later led
the United States to war against
Germany in 1917.
IN THE present age, political
propaganda has been affectuated
by the use of loud speakers, radio
broadcasts, and the artillery and
the aircraft have been used to
drop leaflets.
Discussing the Soviet Union,
he said that that nation has two
major weapons of military, tac-
tical and psychological warfare.
Propagandawise, the Soviet Un-
ion has stirred Asian people to full

.. y _ -
__ _._._.____ ..._.__. _® ._..__.___._..m_._.___._ _.._._..__.____. ___.....__ I

'MESSIAH' FAVORITE HERE:

Oscar Natzka, -bass, Passes Awrayl

For two seasons a favorite as so-T
loist in "Messiah" concerts here,
Oscar Natzka, New Zealand basso,
died in New York yesterday.
The death of the six-foot two-
inch bearded singer came as a

1 111 rlRVC apn an(i AvAcz in n NPw

lu y a a u w m a sinan
York hospital until his death yes- Rebel Pickets Ruin
terday. The New Zealand basso
was scheduled to appear in Ann Stike e iai s
Arbor Dec. 8 and 9 as one of four
soloists for the performances of
,- - , .,. r a n u -1 hl ,rrt

'' : .......... .... ra

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