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Latest Deadline in the State
FAIR AND WARMER
VOL. LXIT, No. 27
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1951
ANN ARBOR. MICmGAN. THURSDAY. OCTOBER 25. 19!il
A.1iXi PAi GES %
British Pick New
Betting, Polls Favor Conservatives;
Churchill, Attlee Confident of Victory
By The Associated Press
Thirty million Britons will bicycle, drive and walk to the polls
under fair skies today to decide which party-Labor or Conservative-
will lead Britain through what may be the toughest winter in that
Betting odds and the- British equivalent of the Gallup Poll have
favored the Conservatives,but by an ever-dwindling margin.
CONSERVATIVES are assured of at least four parliamentary seats
already from Northern Ireland where candidates of the Ulster Union
Party (a Conservative affiliate) are unopposed.
The two big rival political organizations-,makinrg every effort
to get all their supporters to the polls-described the balloting for
a new Parliament as one of the most fateful elections in the long
" history of this island kingdom.
ue es Both said they were confident of
WASHINGTON - Charles E.
Shaver, a figure in the latest
furore over government loans, re-
signed under fire yesterday as
counsel to the Senate Small Bus-
The development came shortly
after Senate investigators de-
manded - and received - permis-
sion to scrutinize any RFC loan
records that might involve Sha-
ver or Vice-President Barkley's
secretary, Mrs. Flo Bratten, in an
alleged "influence" setup.
Shaver has said Mrs. Bratten
joined him in making a series of
visits to RFC officials to urge the
granting of more than a million
dollars in federal loans.
Both have denied any attempt
to exert undue influence.
At his home in Huntsville, Ala.,
Senator Sparkman said he had
accepted Shaver's resignation "for
the reason stated-that the criti-
cism of his conduct may impair
the work of the committee."
Vice President Barkley t01d
newsmen later yestrday he was
reserving judgment on whether to
fire or retain Mrs. Bratten. He
said he wants to get all the facts,
first, about her connection with
a $1,100,000 RFC loan for the con-
struction of a project luxury ho-
tel in Miami Beach, Fla.
End of Strike
WASHINGTON! (;)-The Wage
Stabilization Board yesterday made
a strong new appeal to CIO auto
workers to call off a two-week old
strike at 10 division's of the Borg-
Warner Co. in five states.
In a telegram to UAW president
Walter Reuther, Wage Board
Chairman Nathan P. Feinsinger
revealed that President Truman
has decided not to take direct ac-
tion immediately in the dispute in-
volving 6,500 workers.
To the voters the big issue is
whether wartime Prime Minister
Winston Churchill should pilot the
nation through the shoals ahead
or Prime Minister Clement Attlee
should keep the helm he has held
BUT CHURCHILL and Attlee are
running in single districts, just as
are the 1,372 other candidates for
the $2,800-a-year commons seats.
Only Britons living in those dis-
tricts may vote directly for them.
The party winning a majority of
the 625 seats in the House of
Commons will choose the new
These are some of the prob-
lems he will have to face:
DAILY TAKES TO AIR-The latest local and campus news is
aired as Jerry Helman, '52, broadcasts The Daily's new midnight
program, heard Monday through Friday over station WHRV.
The newscast consists of a quick roundup of important stories
that will make the headlines in the morning paper. The news
will be edited and narrated by members of The Daily staff. This
program is one of the first such experiments to be undertaken by
a college newspaper. A 15 minute news spot is pending.
Speech on Crime Tonight
Sen. Estes Kefauver, well known
ex-chairman of the Senate Crime
Investigating Committee will ar-
rive in Ann Arbor today to de-
liver the second talk in the cur-
rent Oratorical Society Lecture
The Tennessee Democrat will
1-The pound, officially valued
at $2.80, is slipping sharply out of
balance with the dollar again, a
trend that must be reversed if
Britain is to have a revival of eco-
2-'the cost of living is rising.
under the impact of world price
increases and the nation's own
three-year, $13,160,000,000 rearm-
3-Britain is having trouble in
the Middle East, her traditional
area of influence. Valuable British
oil holdings in Iran have been
evacuated and Britain now is
wrangling with Egypt over the
Suez Canal and the Sudan.
teamwork shows some signs = of
lack of coordination.
5-And finally, the problem of
world peace overshadows all the
others. Along with other non-
Communist nations, Britain seeks
to build enough armed strength
to discourage any Soviet ideas of
VOTING BEGAN at 7 a.m. Ann
Arbor time and will continue un-
til 4 p.m. Ann Arbor time.
Both Churchill and Attlee ap-
peared confident. Churchill made
a final call last night for a great
outpouring of Conservative voters.
Mild-mannered Attlee and ci-
gar-chewing Churchill-the great
rivals-passed each other in po-
litical processions on a London
street yesterday. Neither gave a
sign of recognition.
By The Associated Press
man yesterday canvassed pros-
pects for defeating Senator Mc-
Carthy (R-Wis.) whose seat will
be one of the stakes in next year's
Jerome Fox, state Democratic
chairman for Wisconsin, conferred
with Mr. Truman and afterward
"The President expressed a de-
sire that he would prefer not to
see McCarthy returned to the
HALIFAX - Eleven Czechs
who escaped from their country
aboard a "freedom train" and
found refuge in the American
Zone of Germany arrived in
Canada yesterday as immi-
They came on the'liner Gota
along with about 900 other
refugees. The 11 were among
31 who chose to stay in Germany
after the dash across the Czech
CHICAGO - United Air Lines
and its pilots yesterday announced
they had agreed on a new con-
tract that gives the men a pay
boost of approximately 16 per
The agreement ended negotia-
tions between the UAL and the
AFL air line pilots association
that began Sept. 29, 1949. The
pilots engaged in a ten day strike
* * *
LAS VEGAS-Third corps
tactical troops, went through a
non-atomic preview of exercise
desert rock yesterday, which
gave observers room for belief
that the first multiple A-bomb
drop is in the offing.
man yesterday signed a $597,262,-
713 appropriation bill for flood
control and navigation projects.
Most of the money in the bill
is for construction of flood con-
trol and river and harbor projects
in the fiscal year ending June 30.
Truman vesterdav nrclaimed the
speak on "The Citizen's Responsi-
bility for Crime" at 8:30 p.m. at
* * *
BEFORE THE speech he will be
feted at a luncheon given by the
University chapter of the Atlantic
Union. He will also spend some
time at a Phi Delta Theta coffee
hour to be held in his honor.
A veteran of more than twelve
years in Congress, Sen. Kefau-
ver served for ten 'years in the
House before his election to the
Senate in 1949. In 1946 the
senator was named by Collier's
Magazine Award Committee as
one of the ten outstanding
members of the House.
The senator's recent campaign
against organized 'crime exposed
racketeers fro mcoast to coast and
has made him a well-known and
much respected member of the
His report on the committee's
findings, "Crime in America" was
published in July and was soon
on the best seller list.
* * *
SEN. KEFAUVER h a s been
known in the past for his writ-
ings. He is a prolific contributor
to popular magazines and one of
his books, "20th Century Congress"
has been adopted as a text in
Recognized as a scholar also,
the senator is the only non-
professor to hold the position
of vice-president of the Ameri-
can Political Science Associa-
A native Tennessean, Sen. Ke-
fauver began his public career as
commissioner of Finance and
Taxation for his home state. That
position was soon relinquished for
his seat in Congress.
Two years before his election he
had been named "Chattanooga's
Man of the Year" by the Jr.
Chamber of Commerce. In 1950
he was afforded another distinc-
tidn. The head of a family of
four young children, Sen. Kefau-
ver was named "Father of the
Tickets for tonight's speech are
stil lavailable at the Hill Audi-
torium box office and will be sold
until speech time. The cost is
$1.50, $1.20 and 60 cents.
To Cut Suez
U.S. Plans Allied
Near East Army
CAIRO - () - Egypt tried to
block the Suez canal to British
shipping yesterday, but the Royal
navy kept the waterway open to
Meanwhile, the United States
declared yesterday its intention to
proceed with organization of an
allied military command in the
strategic Middle East despite
Egypt's refusal to take part.
A State Department statement
said the 'U. S. will go forward on
this project "in collaboration"
with the United Kingdom, France,
Turkey, New Zealand, Australia
and the Union of South Africa.
'I * *
IN ANOTHER statement, also
issued by press officer Michael J.
McDermott, the State Department
reaffirmed its support of the Bri-
tish in their row with Egypt over
the treaty sanctioning the pres-
ence of British troops at the Suez
The statement came as the
guns of British war ships cove-
red merchantmen c l e a r i n g
through the Canal against Eg-
yptian orders. A British naval
spokesman said the Egyptians
were "trying to make things dif-
ficult" by withholding clearanc-
es, so the navy was issuing its
The Suez and Cairo area were
quiet and the Egyptian govern-
ment issued stern warnings against
any new outbursts of rioting.
The statment regarding the
middle east command project was
prompted by reports from abroad
indicating some confusion over in-
vitations to middle eastern states
to join in the set up.
McDermott said that details re-
garding 'the command structure
still have to be worked out -
among them "the important ques-
tion of the relationship between
the Middle East Command and
the North Atlantic Treaty organi-
Rain To Stay?
The weatherman last night put
a damper on plans for home-
coming displays when he issued
a long range forecast of showers
on Saturday morning with tem-
perature below 55.
However, he added that the
rain may clear up by game time
so football fans, at least, may look
forward to a dry afternoon in the
Tickets for the Homecoming
Dance Saturday night will be
on sale today and tomorrow
from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. on the
diag and at the Administration
The price is $3.60 per couple.
E neiny Jets,"
By The Associated Press
Allied and Communist truce
teams yesterday met for the first
time in 64 days in a new effort to
end. the 16-months-old Korean
But on the fighting front swarms
of increasingly bold Communist jet
fighters battled a flight of U.S.
Superforts and 60 Allied fighters
clear across the waist of Korea
to the Sea of Japan.
IT WAS THE fourth straight
day of Rel challenges to Allied air
supremacy. The fight finally
ended near the east coast port of
Wonsan, 180 miles southeast of
the MIG base at Antung, Manchu-
ria. Never before had the MIGS
pursued Allied planes to that area.
At Panmunjom the truce
teams gathered in a circus-type
tent put up in a bean field near
the tiny, mud-hut village of
Panmunjom, 31 miles north-
west of Seoul. The new confer-
ence site lies in a no-man's-
land between the opposing
STILL OPEN-British warships convoyed international traffic
through the Suez Canal (arrow) yesterday after the Egyptian
government refused to issue the required canal permits. Mean-
while, at Ismailia, a British road convoy was fired upon.
Rebel Strkers Stal End
Of Wrraterfront ,Walkout
NEW YORK-(M)-Rebel dock
strikers refused to go along with
their leaders yesterday in a plan
to end the east coast's crippling
Rank-and-file wildcat strikers
tossed a monkey wrench into the
scheme to end the walkout with a
new vote on a bitterly disputed
Instead, they stood firm in their
WASHINGTON - () - The
Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire-
tnen and Enginemen-75,000 strong
-was told by its leaders yesterday
to get ready for a nation-wide
Preparations for a walkout were
proceeding despite a strong prob-
ability that the government would
seek a court injunction to keep
rail traffic moving during the de-
THE RAILROADS technically
have been operated' by the army
since Aug. 27, 1950, when they
were seized to avert a strike of
trainmen and conductors.
But the firemen's union, which
for two years has been demanding
a 40-hour week in the yards and
higher pay on the road, announced
that its recent strike vote had
"overwhelmingly" favored a walk-
out. The work week in the yards
is now 47 hours and the union says
pay on the road averages $1.58 an
In instructions from the nego-
tiating committee, headed by pres-
ident David B. Robertson, members
were told to get ready for a "pro-
demand the new contract-b
junked and another one negoti-
* * *
THEIR DECISION came as the
city's commerce and industry as-
sociation estimated $250,000,000
worth of goods were stalled by the
strike. The figure is climbing at
the rate of $25,000,000 a day, the
A new appeal to President
Truman to "stop the strike" was
vetoed by business, shipping and
civic representatives at an emer-
John Sampson, a strike leader,
made the offer to call off the
strike if granted a new vote on
the disputed contract.
"If this is done, I will recom-
mend that the men go back to
work immediately," he told fed-
It was the first back-to-work
hint in the 10 day wildcat strike,
that began in protest over the
Sampson made his offer as the
vast port of New York lay help-
less in the grip of his wildcat dock
hands. Albany and Boston steve-
dores also were out in sympathy.
A check showed 122 slaips idle,
114 of them in New York, the big-
gest port in the world. Nearly half
of the east coast's 65,000 AFL
longshoremen were reported out.
The Interfraternity Council Ex-
ecutive Committee last night ap-
pointed three members to the IFC
Named were Bruce Sodee of
Lambda Chi Alpha, '52, chairman;
Cliff Mitts of Sigma Chi, '54, as-
sistant chairman; and Tom Meri-
cle of Phi Delta Theta, '54, assist-
ant social chairman.
The 10 delegates sat down
UNITED NATIONS DAY:
East-West Split Seen
At Start of UN--Preuss
around the conference table at 11
a.m. (9 p.m. Ann Arbor time).
talked for 30 minutes and then
recessed. At 11:55 a.m. they ad-
journed for the day but snheduled
a meeting of sub-committees at
The sub-committees were pre-
pared to reopen discussions on a
cease-fire line across Korea, the
issue that had stalled the earlier
truce talks for weeks.
"Everybody was very amicable,"
Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, the sen-
ior UN command delegate at Pan-
munjom said. "We have agreed
to return to agenda item number
two in sub-delegation meetings."
Hopes were bright that this
time the negotiators would suc-
ceed in halting the see-saw of
two 500,000-man armies which.
have fought across the length and
breadth of the Korean peninsula.
The delegates met yesterday un-
der tightened security rules de-
signed to prevent inveidents or
accusations such as marred and
finally broke earlier armistice
talks at Red-held Kaesong, six
miles west of Panmonjom.
To Bias Study
Group by SL
The naming of the three Stu-
dent Legislature representatives
to the Inter Fraternity Council-
sponsored committee to study the
discrimination problem highlight-
ed the quietest SL meeting of the
year last night.
Wally Pearson, chairman of the
Human Relations Committee, Phil
Berry, cabinet member-at-large,
and Rog Wilkens, a member of
the Human Relations Committee,
were selected. Pearson's choice
was automatic, as the IFC motion
provided that the chairman of the
Human Relations group would be
a member, as well as two other
Pearson is affiliated, while Berry
and Wilkens are independent.
Meanwhile, the IFC also an-
nounced its delegates last night.
Bill Hornett, '52, will represent a
house w i t h a discriminatory
clause, while Bill McIntyre, '52,
and Richard Sonitz, '53, were se-
lected from houses without clauses.
Chairman of the committee is
By ALICE BOGDONOFF
"From the very start of the
United Nations it became appar-
ent that there would be a split
between the USSR and the West,'
Prof. Lawrence Preuss, of the po-
litical science department stated
Speaking at the United Nations
Day program at International Cen-
ter, Preuss went on to trace the
developments of the United Na-
tions and the resulting conflicts
between the Great Powers.
ONE OF THE very first focal
Acheson" Talks Oil
WASHINGTON - (EP) - Secre-
tary of State Acheson and Prime
Minister Mohammed Mossadegh
of Iran yesterday talked over ur-
gent American suggestions for
settling the Iranian-British oil
points of conflicts, the internation-
al law expert explained, was the
controversy over the veto power.
Preuss, who was present at
the Dumbarton Oaks and San
Francisco conferences, explain-
ed the United States and Russia
led the fight for a veto power of
the Security Council, and even-
tually forced the British and
Chinese delegations to accept
the veto at the initial confer-
"The Uniting For Peace Resolu-
tion which the General Assembly
passed at the outbreak of the
Korean war is a constitutional
milestone in the life of the UN,"
By stating the General Assem-
bly's obligation to maintain peace
if the Security Council fails to do
so, this resolution reveals a defi-
nite shift in power to the General
Assembly, Preuss pointed out.
Another trend. and not so fa-'
City Improves Lights in Hospital Area
By BARNES CONNABLE
More than a month after the
midnight murder of Nurse Pauline
A. Campbell, workmen are still
busily installing street lamps in
the hospital area where the vic-
tim was clubbed to death.
City Council lighting committee
head Clare H. Fenn said yester-
Hospital and installation of the
new lights should be completed
in several weeks.
The lights will be placed near
the Hospital, the West Engineering
Annex, the East Medical Building,
the Simpson Memorial and the
School of Public Health.
1%ArV XIVIT~ti * * T.....:_ Y.
made an agreement with a local
cab company by which low rates
are chrged for nurses taxiing
home after the evening stint.
At St. Joseph's, a hospital
spokesman said that bills for
nurses taking cabs home after 10
p.m. are being footed by the hos-
Local police reported that no at-
tacks on women in the dark dis-
trict have occurred since the ap-
prehension of the Campbell kill-
The accused youths are all
awaiting a Circuit Court trial.
They are: David I. Royal of Milan,
William R. Morey, III, and Jacob