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October 24, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-10-24

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AMBASSADOR TO THE
VATICAN
See Page 4

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D43ait i

CLOUDY, CONTINUED COOL

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LXII, No.26 ANN ARBOR, MICMGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1951

SIX PAGES

ltaryTraining
Deficiencies Told
New York Conf erence Brings Out
Need for Greater Edu cational Basis
By CHUCK ELLIOTT
Daily Managing Editor
NEW YORK-Special to The Daily: Military training must be
better integrated into the general education of American youth, in
order that the moral and intellectual energies of the country are not
dissipated, Harold Taylor, President of Sarah Lawrence College de-
clared yesterdlay.
Speaking before more than 2000 college and secondary school
students at the second session of the annual New York Herald Tri-
,bune Forum, Taylor keynoted a discussion dealing with topics rang-
ing from the draft to academic freedoms.
* * * *
CLAIMING THAT "ultimately, the strength of this country rests
with the moral values, intelligence, and strength of will of our young
men, and not merely with their technical equipment to fight a war,"
Taylor struck out at the present system which causes military train-
ing to be a distinct gap in a man's career.
"There is a difference between national defense and national
security, and if the universities are considered only as training'
grounds for military personnel--in science, engineering, technical
skills and research of all kinds-we have given up the only means
this country has of developjng a critical intelligence about politi-
cal and social policies."
Backing up Taylor's view, Kenneth Kurtz, a graduate student at
Columbia University offered a plan designed to make military service
fit into the educational process. After students graduate from high
school, Kurtz suggested, they could be required to enter service im-
mediately for 12 to 15 months. Out of this group would be selected
qualified men to 'go to college, under a system of national scholar-
hips. While in college, they would receive further ROTC-type train-
ing.
* * * *
MAJ. GEN. Lewis B. Hershey, Selective Service director, outlined
the manpower needs of the armed forces. "For the predictable future"
,500,000 men will be required, possibly more, and of this number not
more than 2,000,000 may be expected to be secured through volunteer-
ing. Seven hundred fifty thousand men will have to be inducted each
year to serve for two year periols.
"Only those who by capacity and inclination are able to ae-
cept and pursue training that we need in the world" will have to
be deferred for educational reasons.
George Goodman, a student. at Harvard University who made his
way into the East Berlin Communist Peace Rally last summer under
the guise of a fellow-traveler told the forum of the heed to recognize
youth. The Communists have capitalized on the desire of youth to
feel wanted by forming and subsidizing the Free German Youth or-
ganization. This could be the core in ten or twenty years, Goodman
asserted, of a militant, integrated German state.
* * * *
YESTERDAY MORNING, a discussion concerning academic free-
dom was conducted between college delegates to the forum. Starting
off with a general definition of academic freedom as a freedom to
-Bear both sides of issue without being branded as disloyal, talk pro-
gressed what limitations are justified. Questions of whether in-
structors who tell outright lies to put over their ideologies and who
distort facts were put down on the basis that they were incompetent
teachers.
The view that students must be able to decide for themselves
about questionable theories such as Communism, and need not be
sheltered from them, was generally supported by the assembly. It
See DRAFT PLANS, Page Two

Communists Accept
Armistice Parley

Korean

Renewals

Bloody Mess
What started out to be a
soothing shower, turned into
near bedlam for a near-sighted
Stockwell coed last night.
Jean Gunderson, 55, in her
pajamas, but minus her glasses,
brought the whole house scur-
rying with her screams when
she discovered a pair of nude
legs resting by a pool of blood
in the shower room.
A resident counselor charged
to the scene of the murder, sui-
cide or whatever it was. But by
then the women had investigat-
ed: the legs were those of a dis-
sectedrmannequin; the blood
was Prang Tempera 1351 -
paint.
While the tittering women
herded the dummy into a phone
booth, an upset Miss Gunderson
and the counselor went off for
coffee.
Moss adegth
Talks oil at
White House
WASHINGTON-(1P)-president
Truman reportedly told Iran's
Premier Mohammed Mossadegh
yesterday that it is vitally neces-
sary to resume the flow of oil from
Iran to the western world.
Mr. Truman conferred with Mos-
sadegh for one hour and 45 min-
utes at a luncheon meeting at
Blair House in an effort to break
the long deadlock over the Anglo-
Iranian oil crisis.
SECRETARY of State Acheson
and Secretary of Defense Lovett
were among the top Am ican of-
ficials who joined in the luncheon
talks.
A State Department spokesman
told newsmen:
"We are trying to get nego-
tiations resumed. We are ex-
ploring every avenue and leaving
no stone unturned."
Acheson's aides were reported to
have had some suggestions ready
for the meeting, but the White
House and the State Department
both maintained tight secrecy on
details of the discussion.
* * *
INFORMED officials said that in
broad outline one suggestion called
for:
1. Iran to sell her oil at a
"discount" and permit the Brit-
ish to market it to western con-
sumers at a profit.
2. Iran to own and operate
the oil facilities with the help of
western technicians. A respon-
sible manager, possibly of a third
nationality, would direct the op-
eration.
Officials said that this was not
a formal proposal but merely a
suggestion, to get negotiations roll-
ing again. The suggestions were
said to be based on a belief that
the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company is
dead--so far as British ownership
is concerned-and will never be
allowed to operate in Iran again.

President To
Shelve Clark
Appointment
White House To Wait
Senate Confirmation
WASHINGTON - () - T h e
White House last night called off
all plans for diplomatic represen-
tation at the Vatican until the
Senate can pass on the nomina-
tion of Gen. Mark Clark to be the
first American ambassador to the
Catholic church state.
Press secretary Joseph Short
announced that President Truman
has decided against a recess ap-
pointment for Clark.
SHORTLY AFTER that, in an-
swer to questions, Short said there
are no plans to set up an interim
embassy to do business until a
regular ambassador is confirmed.
There was no White House
suggestion that the decision was
related in any way to the wave
of Protestant protest which
started rising within minutes
after the Clark nomination was
sent to the Senate last Satur-
day
Rather, Short said, the decision
was based on two considerations:
1. Legislation is necessary to
permit the Geeral to accept the
diplomatic assignment and still
keep his army status, which he
does not want to give up,
2. Clark himself has some work
he wants to complete as Chief of
Army Field Forces before under-
taking the ambassadorial assign-
ment.
* * *
THE SENATE adjourned Satur-
day night until Jan. 8, without
acting either on the nomination
itself or on an accompanying bill
to cover Clark's military status.
There had been some sug-
gestions that the President in-
tentionally put out the nomina-
tion at a time when he knew it
would be acted upon, in order
to get the public reaction into
the open before the Senate has
to act.
Protestant c l e r g y m e n and'
church organizations have raised
vehement protests over the ap-
pointment, arguing that: it vio-
lates the American tradition of
separation of church and state,
and it tends to create dissention
among Americans at a time when
unity is essential.
Churchill Sees
Tory Win asf
Aid to Peace
LONDON -(A)- Winston Chur-
chill asked the British people yes-
terday to give him a chance to
help prevent world war III.
He said: "it is the last prizeI
seek to win."
The 76-year-old Conservative
leader explained he kept himself
in the political arena because he
felt he had an important contribu-
tion to make for peace.
He said if he became prime
minister as a result of a Con-
servative yitory in tomorrow's
general election he would restore
American "confidence and good-
will" in the British government.
'We have to give our hand gen-
erously, wholeheartedly, to our al-
lies across the Atlantic upon whose

strength and wisdom the salvation
of the world at this moment may
well depend," Churchill declared
in a campaign speech at Plymouth.
A few hours later Prime Minis-
ter Attlee, leader of the Labor
Party, asked for support in his
own constituency, Walthamston, a
London suburb.

Panmunjom
Will Be-Site
Of, Meetings
Red, Allied Talks
To BeginToday
- MUNSAN, Korea - () - The
Communists yesterday accepted
the Panmunjom agreement for
renewal of Korean armistice talks.
The Red and Allied five-man
delegations agreed to meet at 11
a.m. today (8 p.m., CST) at the
new conference site of Panmun-
join.
It will be the first meeting since
Aug. 22. One day later the Reds.
broke of f the discussions after
charging an Allied plane had
bombed and strafed the old con-
ference site of Kaesong,
C- - *
THE ALLIES denied that
charge and the Reds followed up
with a long series of similar accu-
sations. The Allies admitted they
had violated the Kaesong neutral
area three' times by mistake.
The bickering went on for
weeks and. finally the UN com-
mand demanded that a news
conference site be selected. Both
sides agreed on Panmunjom.
The Panmunjom agreement set-
ting up new security rules was
signed Monday by Allied and Red
liaison officers and ratified a few
hours later by the Allied truce
delegation. The Reds delayed
their approval 48 hours.
* * *
THEIR RATIFICATION came
after Chinese Communist Leader
Mao Tze-Tung had called on the
United States to settle the Korean
War by peaceful means.
A Peiping Radio English
language broadcast quoted Mao
as saying:
"The great struggle to resist
American aggression a n d aid
Korea is now continuing. It must
be carried on until the U.S. gov.
ernment is willing to settle the
question peacefully."
* * *
A iVORvE BRISTLING version

UNITED NATIONS DAY-Koreans view poster in bomb-battered Seoul on United Nations Day.
* 9 4.: 4. *- . -
Nation Honors UN on hBirthday

Bullets, Tear
q s Disperse
Egyptian Mobs
CAIRO --Police fired into
unruly mobs in Alexandria and
used tear gas to disperse other
crowds which roamed the streets
of Cairo yesterday in anti-British
demonstrations.
One demonstrator .was reported
killed in Alexandria, where police
charged with clubs and then used
their guns when a crowd of several
tpousand refused to break up.
* * *
INTERIOR Minister Fuad Serag
Ed-Din Pasha told reporters trai-
tors and criminals had infiltrated
into demonstrations planned as a
day of mourning for Egyptian
"martyrs." They were killed in a,
week of riots and clashes with the
British over the Suez Canal Zone
and the Sudan.
He said he had given orders
to police to fire into demonstra-
tions if necessary to break them
up,
Cairo mobs shouting "give us
arms' smashed bottles, burned a
signboa~ advertising a western
movie and broke a few wilqdows.
Two crowds, demonstrating before
the British consulate and a movie
house, were scattered by tear gas.
ANOTHER crowd broke over the
Boulac Bridge from one. of the
toughest districts of Cairo into
Zamalek, a foreign residential dis-
trict on an island in the Nile. They
were finally chased out after shout-,
ing pro-Soviet slogans in front of
the Russian legation. For more,
than for whous no~~9thevr cron o f,

Two Positions Open
On IFC Council
Petitions for posts on the newly-
formed Interfraternity Council
bias' clause study committee must
be submitted before 5 p.m. today
to the IFC office, according to
Mark Sandground, '52, IFC secre-
tary.
Two positions are open; one for
a representative from a fraternity
with a bias clause and the other
for a represenitative from a fra-
ternity without one.
SL To Meet Today
The Student Legislature will
meet at 7:30 p.m. today in the
Anderson-Strauss dining room of
the East Quad.

By ALICE, BOGDONOFF 4
People all over the world will
pause today in the midst of inter-
national crisis to honor the Unit-
ed Nations on its sixth anniver-
sary.
On campus, recognition of the
signing of the UN Charter will take
the form of a special United Na-
tions Day meeting at 7:45 p.m. in
the Union.
Prof.' Lawrence Preuss of the
political science department will
Grid Boost by
Administration
The University yesterday gave
an unconditional vote of confi-
dence to Coach Bennie Oosterbaan
and his Wolverine football staff.
"We believe we have a highly
competent coaching staff and ath-
letic administration," said Vice-
President Marvin Niehuss. "Ath-
letics is being handled as we would
like to have it handled."
Among other speakers before a
meeting of about 50 sports writ-
ers and publicity men was Michi-
gan Athletic Director Fritz Cris-
ler.
Crisler expressed full support
for college football despite the re-
cent West Point scandal and other
incidents which he termed "brush
fires which must be put out."
"But I wouldn't abolish colleges
football any more than I would
abolish religion because of individ-
ual abuse," he said.

speak on "The United Nations-
After Five Years.."
ANN ARBOR will also mark the
anniversary as the UN's blue and
white flag flies over City Hall.
However, in spite of Student
Legislature's efforts, no UN flag
will fly on campus.
Last year the SL succeeded in
obtaining a UN flag from the
United Nations headquarters. Then
an auto company, in answer to an
appeal from The Daily, gave SL
the needed flag pole.
BUT THE PROJECT was killed
when the Board of Regents turned
down University Vice-President
Marvin Niehuss's suggestion that
the flag be flown on top of the Ad-
ministration Building.

The Board based its decision
on the state legislature's resolu-
tion against flying the UN flag.
The outstanding achievement of
the United Nations, according to
most observers, has been the in-
tervention in Korea stemming
from the Security's Council's reso-
lution to "restore international
peace and security in the area."
Behind the scenes, however, the
United Nations has set up innum-
erable funds and committees to
aid the undeveloped parts of the
world.
At the same time the UN has
met hosts of natural disasters,,
fighting droughts, floods, and
plagues all over the world. I

Wor ld News
By The Associated Press
TOKYO-A special Korean mission to Tokyo yesterday sought to
reach an understanding with post-treaty Japan on 800,000 Koreans
in this country who face possible deportation to their own war-
shattered land.

NEW YORK--Federal Media-
tion Director Cyrus S. Ching
sent his chief aide, Clyde Mills,
to New York yesterday to try to
untangle a wildcat dock strike
that is choking the east coast,

* * *
WASHINGTON - Myron M.
Cowen resigned yesterday as
Ambassador to the Philippines,
to become a special assistant to
Secretary of State Acheson on
Far East affairs.

of the same broadcast, translated
from Chinese to Japanese to Eng-
lish by Tokyo monitors, quoted
Mao as saying Chinamust carry
on the resistance movement "un-
til America accepts our peace pro-
posal."
Mao declared that "so long as
the U. S. government is willing
to settle the (Korean) question on
a just and reasonable basis, and
will stop using every possible
shameless means to wreck and de-
lay the progress of negotiations,
as it has done in the past, the
success of the Korean armistice
negotiations 's possible; otherwise
it is impossible."
UIN Bombers
Clash with Reds
Over Korea
U.S. EIGHTH ARMY HEAD-
UARTERS, Korea -(P)- Nearly
250 Allied and Communist jets
tangled yesterday in history's big-
gest jet battle. It swirled around
a force of B-29 Superforts pressing
home the second bombing attack
in two days against new Commun-
ist air bases in northwest Korea.
Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway's
headquarters in Tokyo said today
the Allied pilots destroyed or dam-
aged 20 Communist jets.
The Far East Air Forces said
three Superfort bombers and one
Thunderjet fighter were shot
down.
The Communist jet pilots roar-
ed outeof Manchuria to defend a
nearly-completed air field at Nam-
si near the Yalu River boundary.
They pressed home the attack
against the big Superforts while

LAWYERS' CHOICE:
'Law Students for Taft'
'Club Established at U'

HAMBURG, Germany-North Germany's two biggest ports were
paralyzed last night by a wildcat strike which trade union leaders
declared to be Communist-inspired.

'A MATTER OF PRINCIPLE':
Unaffiliated Women To Eat with Greeks

By TOM ARP
The 1952 presidential campaign
became a campus reality last
night when a small but loyal con-
tingent of law students met in
the lounge of the Lawyers Club
and placed themselves squarely
behind Senator Robert A. Taft.
After some preliminary heckling
from an Eisenhower supporter,
who was laughingly branded by
the group as a "pink," the lawyers
settled down to the business of
establishing a "Law Students for

they tentatively planned a recep-
tion for him.
There have been several uncon-
firmed reports that Taft would be
invited to speak in Ann Arbor
since his recent announcement
that he would seek the Republican
nomination.
CLAIMING THAT the "Law
Students for Taft" is the first of
any such organizations to appear
on a major college campus, Joe
Neath, one of the leaders of the

:'>

By CAL SAMRA
Independent women are finally
going to get an opportunity to eat
with a Greek.
The University yesterday gave
an official green-light to dormi-
tory women desiring to hold ex-
change dinners with fraternities.
Moreover, independent men have
been extended the privilege of
planning dinners with campus sor-

fringement on their rights. Claim,
claim and counter-claim resulted
in a clarification of the matter
yesterday by Service Enterprises
Manager Francis C. Shiel.
ACCORDING to Shiel, who says
that the entire incident was
a "misunderstanding," there has
never been a University regula-
tion forbidding affiliated-indepen-

ago, it caught us by surprise. I
hope things are cleared up now."
SHIEL ADMITTED that the
University was concerned over a
possible increase in exchange din-
ners which he feared would prove
costly.
On the other hand, he denied
the women's charges that the
University's chief concern was

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