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May 27, 1951 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1951-05-27

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KOREAN PEACE RUMORS
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State PARTLY CLOUDY

VOL. LXI, No. 167 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 27, 1951

SIX PAGES

Chinese Reds Flee into _ot oe

ISS

.Allies Trap
2,000 South
Of Parallel
38th Crossed.
At Six Points
BULLETIN
CENTRAL FRONT, Korea--
(M'-Alied corps officers said
yesterday they believed the Chi-
nese ability to mount an offen-
r~sive in Korea has been crushed
"for at least three months."
TOKYO--015--More than 60,000
Chinese Reds were "running like
hell" into North Korea yesterday
under Allied artillery and air bom-
bardment but 2,000 were trapped
*south of the 38th parallel.
Flight of the Communists neared
a panic as Allied columns in hot
pursuit plunged across 38th at six
points in the east, central and
west-central areas.
"They don't like the enemy be-
hind them any more than we do.
~So they are running like hell," a
'frontline officer said.
AP CORRESPONDENT Jim
Becker said the trapped 2,000
made a desperate, unsuccessful
{ three hour, pre-dawn fight to
break out of the trap near Chun-
chon, 45 miles northeast of Seoul.
Everywhere onrushing Allied
troops found evidence of panic.
Truckloads of rice and ammuni-
tion were left behind. Many of
the Reds discarded their uni-
*forms and apparently sought to
escape in civilian clothes.
At Eighth Army Headquarters a
briefing officer said at least 60,000
Chinese Reds were retreating on
the central and east central fronts
'.alone.
UNITED NATIONS troops met
only delaying actions as they swept
forward on a line stretching from
-the Yellow Sea in the west to the
sea of Japan in the east.
f Night and day pounding by Al-
lied artillery and warplanes
seemed to have taken the fight
out of the Chinese. They were
giving up in record numbers,
field dispatches said.
Correspondent Becker said the
UN commanders appeared to be
making a daring bid for victory.
Twenty to thirty thousand Chi-
nese fled northeast toward Inje,
four miles north of the 38th on the

1,500 'U' Hopefuls
Take Draft Exam

State Bill Totals
$306,000,000
Appropriation Result of Record. 29 1/2
Hour Joint Session in Legislature
By CAL SAMRA
Special to The Daily
LANSING-The State Legislature, wearied by a record 29 and a

By JACK REYNOLDS
More than 1500 University men
yesterday took their keep-study-
ing-or-start-soldiering draft de-
ferment test.
The examination, first -of its
kind and the largest mass quiz-
zing ever held in this country,
took place simultaneously at more
British Ask
Hague Talk
On Iran Oil1
THE HAGUE, *The Netherlands
-(IP')-Britain and the billion dol-
lar Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
asked the International Court of
Justice yesterday to force Iran to
submit to arbitration in the peace-
threatening dispute over nationali-
zation of oil.
U.S. Ambassador Henry F. Grady
handed to the Iranian foreign min-
ister, in Tehran a note declaring
the dispute was of the utmost im-
portance to the "entire free world"
and strongly urging a settlement
by negotiation.
The United States plainly was
worried that the situation might
lead to the intervention of troop:
from both Britain and Russia.
s
DISPATCHES from Tehran told
of unconfirmed reports that some
of Premier Mohammed Mossa-
degh's National Bloc at last were
willing to sit down with the British
for talks.
It remained to be seen, however,
how Mossadegh and his fiery fol-
lowers would react to the latest
developments.
These included not only Bri-
lain's appeal to The Hague and
the United States' urging of
negotiations, but also the an-
nouncement Friday that 4,000
British parachute troops are be-
ing dispatched to Cyprus in the
eastern Mediterranean-within
1,000 miles of the Abadan re-
finery in Iran.
The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
(AIOC) asked the president of the
International Court of Justice to
appoint an arbitrator to settle the
dispute.
A FEW HOURS later the British
government, owner of about 53 per
cent of AIOC's shares, gave its full
weight to the application with a
request that the court declare the
Iranian government is obligated to
submit the dispute to arbitration.
Failing that, the British said Iran
should be held responsible for an
act "contrary to international
law."

than 1000 centers across the coun-
try drawing approximately 175,-
000 college men.
The usual examination-tension
appeared absent this morning as
applause and cheering echoed
through Waterman Gym, one of
the local testing centers, as the
initial "go" signal was given.
Three hours later the word "stop"
met with loud booing.
At another local center students
taking the test complained that
monitors refused to tell them the
amount of time remaining for
the exam. This, reportedly, caus-
ed many to misjudge the time al-
lotedl and thus fail to complete
the entire exam.
Made up of 150 multiple-choice
questions, the three hour test
dealt mainly with such funda- I
mentgl subjects as vocabulary,
reading skill and mathematics.
Dave Ramsey, '53, found the
exam "a miniature of the Coast
Guard test I took last February."
-Likewise, Thad Epps, '52E, de-
clared, "It was a good exam, the
typical kind of aptitude test you
usually get with plenty of time
to finish."
Not quite so pleased was Harry

half hour continuous session Friday and late yesterday, finally passed a
huge State budget of more than $306,000,000, including what was pre-
dicted early Saturday morning by University officials-a University
appropriation of $14,845,000.
The omnibus bill was finally accepted by both the House and
Senate after conference committees had wrangled over the bill until
after sunrise yesterday. The exhausted Legislature adjourned at 3:35
* *" p.m. yesterday at the end of the
1 longest Legislative "day" in its
LegislatuJre history.***

Cleans Slate
On Last Daylk

-Daily-Roger Reinke
TREE SPLINTERED-A sudden gust of wind yesterday wreaked havoc on one of the old elm
trees on N. University. Passersby :Bob Bargerhuff and Ann Snyder view the wreckage. A large
limb of the elm crashed into the small maple on the right, shearing off all but two forlorn twigs,
and then smashed into the hood of a car parked beneath.

Russia Will

Strong Wind

4Burdick, '51, of Webster Groves,
"It was as tough as a corncob," l a r t r e n N
he said.
Bill Patterson, '53, also spoke A ~.cheson A sudden gust of wind splint-
up unfavorably of the exam. "~I ered one of the N. University
hope the mud isn't too thick in '____ Street elm trees yesterday, with
Korea," he chuckled. NWYR -A)Sceayo the toppling branches demolishing'
Final scores on the exam along NE YOK& -eceayo a smaller maple tree and denting
with college grades will be usedI State Dean Acheson, in a radio j the hood of a car parked beneath.
by local draft boards to determine' message beamed to Russia in the One side of the tree, a giant
whether a student is drafted or language of Joseph Stalin's native elm just beyond the N. University,
left to continue in school. Georgia, denounced Communist parking lot in front of the Chem-
Students, who applied for defer- istry Building, was sent crashing!
men beorethedealin lat Fi-aggression yesterday and promised to the ground at approximately 2t
met eor tededin ls Fi i"tetrt which the Communists p .drn ri qal
day midnight, have all been fear."pmduigarnsql.K
granted draft delays until Aug-I Richard H. Malone of Detroit
ust 20. The message, read by a native of! and his wife were parked be-r

IDamages
University ##
neath the tree in their 1950
Plymouth, having just climbed
into their car after a shopping
excursion. The limbs split off
the tree,- sheared the boughs
off" the maple sapling alongside,
and ricocheted onto the hood
of Malone's car.
However, damage to the car
was limited to a few fair-sized
dents in the hood.
Police reported no other dam-
ages resulting from the storm.
1V WT 0 7

By TOM" ARP
Special to The Daily
LANSING-Weary Senate and
House legislators headed for their
homes yesterday having cleared
the slate of all bills waiting for
action..
Chief among the measures re-
sulting from the flurry of final-
session debate was a hard-fought
bill resurrecting Michigan's pow-
erful one-man grand jury.
The bill, which now awaits Gov.
Williams' signature, is the result
of the efforte' of several Repub-
lican legislators, backed by many
leading lawyers, to restore a strong
racket-busting law to the criminal
code.
THE NEW LAW includes a con-
troversial clause providing manda-
tory immunity for witnesses who
might incriminate themselves by
testifying.
The one-man grand jury law
came on top of the legislature's
huge $306,000,000 budget appro-
priation.
In its last session the legislature
passed laws requiring loyalty oaths
for aill public employees, permit-
ting life imprisonment of subver-
sives, and allowing a 20-year-to-
life sentence for those convicted
of selling dope to minors.
THE REPUBLICAN House and
Senate again refused several of
Democratic Gov. Williams' pet
projects. The lawmakers rejected
his recommendations for such
measures as a corporation profits
tax, a sex deviate program, repeal
of the old-age assistance lien law,
and laws making the enrichment
of flour compulsory.
The governor was denied exten-
sive powers over transportation,
communications and industry in
times of state emergency. Also
refused were bills providing capi-
tal punishment, registration of
Communists, a cigarette stamp
tax, and four-year terms for state,.
legislative and county officers.
One bill met with very little
opposition. It provided for a pay
increase for the legislators.

I

east central front and 75
northeast of Seoul.

Before then, results of all the
tests will have been tabulated and
put in the hands of local boards.
Council Plans
Open Hearing
on City Rents
The City Council will hold aI
public hearing tomorrow -night to
decide whether rent controls
should be taken off in Ann Arbor.
Last March 26 the Washtenaw
County Rent Advisory Board vot-
ed 5 to 3 to recommend that rent
ceilings be removed. But the re-
quest was turned down by Federal
Housing Expediter Tighe E. Woods,
who said it was "not appropriate-
ly substantiated by facts."
If the council votes to removej
the ceilings their decision will
override Woods' ruling.

Georgia, a region of southern Rus-
sia, was broadcast by the Voice of
America.
It was the first of a series of
broadcasts aimed to combat Com-
munist propaganda in the Geor-
gian language.
Ukrainian and other languages
of the Soviet peoples also will be
used in anti-Communist broadcasts
in the State Department's, truth
campaign to Russia.
IAcheson said : "The Voice of
America will from now on bring
you in your language the truth
which the Communists fear and
try to keep from you.

Collins days lRussia W orried
Over Red Losses in Korea

dI 130 Cl

WASHINGTON - The Army's
chief of staff, Gen. J. Lawton Col-
lins, voiced belief yesterday that
Russia "is beginning to get con-
cerned" about increasingly heavy
Chinese Communist casualties in
Korea.
Collins said also that a peace
settlement "is always possible" on
the basis of the 38th parallel-the
North-South Korean boundary just

milesI

IN ADDITION to the 1951-52
University operating budget, the
State granted the University
$3,000,000 for construction, $1,500,-
000 for the Angell Hall addition,
and $1,500,000 for the out-patient
clinic, which is being established
under University auspices.
Also earmarked for the Uni-
versity will be a $290,000 appro-
priation for the campus Neuro-
psychiatric Institute. The appro-
priation stipulates that psychia-
trists shall be trained for State
mental institutions.
Earlier last Wednesday both the
House and Senate had rubber-
stamped a $1,583,377 deficiency bill
to make up the deficit in this year's
University budget.
. *.
THE NEW University budget re
presents an increase of $3,272,055
over last year's appropriatin of
$11,572,945, This, of course, has
been due to rising operating costs.
At any rate, University offi-
cials seem to be rather satisfied
with the 1951-52 budget. They
had presupposed neither an in-
crease nor a decrease in the
University budget once the Sen-
ate Finance Committee had re-
ported the bill out without
amending the House's recom-
mendation.
Previously, University vice-
president Marvin L. Niehuss had
explained that the University's
ability to operate on the new bud-
get is largely dependent on the
size of next year's enrollment.
* M*'
TEMPERS smoldered hot and
heavy yesterday morning and af-
ternoon as the State, budget bill
was riddled with 274 amendments
in the Senate and more than 50 in
a House-Senate conference com-
mittee.
Frequently, Lieutenant Gover-
nor Vandenberg, the presiding
officeer, had to gavel senators In-
to silence.
A heated debate spun~ around an
amendment which would provide
appropriations for institutions car-
ing for the blind. One senator
erupted: "We're ready and willing
to give $1,000,000 to Michigan
State for cattle research but not
$10,000 to aid the blind."
.
THE SUNRISE serenade, how-
ever, faded away in the Capitol
Bldg. with the coming of the dawn
yesterday morning. And heated
tempers were replaced by rising
temperatures. Legislators sprawled
on sofas and napped.
Two senators trudged home
wearily but were dragged back by
State Police, Apparently, they
hadn't planned to come back.
Tired reporters, angered by they
long delay, muttered curses.
Other appropriations to State
colleges and universities included:
Western Michigan College,
$2,131,681; Ferris Institute,
$487,774; Blind School, $422,568;
Deaf School ,$792,135; Michigan
State College, $11,929,370.
In addition, Wayne University.
was granted $1,000,000 for con-
struction of a medical building.
Michigan State College was award-
ed $1,119,100 for a veterinary sci-
ence building, animal husbandry
building and a seed storage build-
ing.

Miehigyamua
Calls Braves
To Wigwam
Listen to this tale of romance
ATale of Indian warriors bold-
In the early moon of green leaves
Came they forth, the stoics valiant;
1Forth they romped to palef ace
wigwam
Wigwam one of friendly Great
Chief,
Came they forth to take their
token,
Then to the mighty oak of Tappan
Dashed the screaming, yelling
redmen;
To the tree of Indian legend
Where the white men pale and
',< trembling
Stood around the mighty oak tree
Warriors choicUe of paleface nation
Choice of tribe to run the gauntlet.
Down the warriors, painted demons
Swooped and caught their prey
like eagles
Loud the war cry stirred the
stillness
As they seizedI their hapless
captives

re-crossed by United Nations forces
in their great counter-offensive.
Winding up two days of testi-
mony to Senate committees' inves-
I tigating Gen. Douglas MacArthur's
removal, Collins refused to budge
from his statement yesterday that
MacArthur "violated a policy" by
sending American troops close to
the Manchurian border last fall.
At the same time Collins reveal-
ed the Army has shipped $12,500,-
000 worth of supplies to the Chi-
riese Nationalists on Formosa
since last November.
Collins said $54,000,000 worth
have gone to Indo-China since
June, 1949, and an additional $2,-
000,000 worth is being prepared for
shipment there.
Also, Collins said, Army supplies
valued at $3,000,000 have gone to
the Philippines since June, 1949.

WJIGWAM IFULL:
Anniversary Celebrated
By Miehigarnua Bucks

Blind Girl in Ann Arbor,
On Trip To Gain Sight

By CARA CHERNIAK
A small flaxen-haired child ar-
rived in Ann Arbor yesterday on
the last lap of her long journey to
regain the eyesight which she has
been lacking since birth.
Eight-year-old Flora Jean Pitt-
man has had a long struggle all
her life. Born blind, she was aban-
doned by her parents four years
ago and was taken under the
wing of a kindly foster-mother,
Mrs. Louis McCormick of Beld-
ing, Michigan. Since that time
Flora Jean has visited New York

with the help of the Lyra Male
Chorus, which is planning a t
benefit concert tomorrow night,
Flora Jean hopes to fly to New
York in June.
In the last few months Flora 1
Jean has received 23,000 letters,
and Mrs. McCormick does her
best to answer them all. Contri-
butions have ranged from three
cents to $500, and Flora Jean saysk
she appreciates every last one of
them.
Y, t i*

By CRAWFORD YOUNG
Fifty years of campus leaders
passed in review here this week-
end, as the noble tribe of Michi-
gamua celebrated its 50th anni-
versary.
Of the 700 living alumni, almost
half turned up for the celebra-
tion. Perhaps this is significant of
the loyalty the old braves retain
for the University and the organi-
zation.
And the weekend has been a
full one for those who returned
to the, wigwam. Festivities began
at the Tappan Oak at 2:30 p.m.
Friday, as the braves came whoop-
in -u of President Ruthven's
back yard to transform, with the
aid of some brick dust, the pale-
faces quivering in front of the
traditional council fire into red-
vlrinv wor~thy orf initiatin linton

another tribal banquet, this time
at the Washtenaw Country Club.
THIS ENDED the weekend for
the old bucks, but for the new
palefaces and the outgoing crop
of braves, the climax comes to-
day. The palefaces will take the
braves and their squaws on the
annual "peace paddle" on the wat-
ers of the mighty Huron.
D'uring the two wars the tribe
has lived through, it has always
managed to keep the embers in
the wigwam alive, although mem-
bership has dwindled as low as 11.
The Michigan alumni have al-
ways followed the famous Tappan
Oak chant to "fightum like hell
for Michigan and Michigamua."
A few of the many illustrious
members are Chester "Squaw
'F~'rn" Tncy -_headr of th. n- l

i
E

i
k

Local Man, Two Others
Purchase Empire State

A prominent Ann Arborite was1
amonlg a three-man syndicate
which purchased the controlling
interest in New York city's Em-
pire State Building Thursday.
Roger L. Stevens of 60, Under-
down Rd. collaborated with Alfred
Clancy of Detroit and Ben Tobin
of Hollywood Beach, Fla., in ob-
taining for a reported $50,000,000
control over the towering 1472 foot
structure. . *

an S. Potter,
yesterday that
been going on

Stevens reported
the dickering had
for three months.

** *
THE CONTROLLING stock in
the world's tallest building was
acquired from the estate of the.
late New York financier, John
Raskob. The syndicate is now try-
ing to obtain the rest of the out-
standing stock.
The giant building, which has

I

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